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Lesson 4 I Objectives

Christmas

To read a narrative text and understand the story. To build up an area of vocabulary associated with Christmas. To develop reading strategies to answer multiple-choice questions. To practise collocations with have, do and play. To talk about childhood memories. II Pre-Reading Find the Key Words in the pictures. Which of the things do you think western people have at Christmas? III Key Words balloons, Christmas carols, Christmas pudding, Christmas tree, snow, snowmen, Christmas stockings, presents IV Language points: 1. And I sat down in front cf the fire and wrote a letter to Father Christmas telling him about all the presents we wanted . 表示和谓语动词 wrote 同时发生。 现在分词做伴随状语所 Telling 做伴随状语, 表达的动作或状态是伴随着句子谓语动词的动作而发生或存在的。 Eg. He sat in the armchair ,reading a newspaper . All night long he lay awake ,thinking of the problem . 2. Seriously adv. 严肃的,认真的, 严重的 Eg. Allow me to speak seriously for a moment . He was seriously injured in the traffic accident . 拓展:serious adj. 严肃的, 庄重的 , 严重的, 危急的, 认真的 Be serious about doing 做··· ···是认真的 认真对待某人、某事 Take sb./sth . Seriously Eg. We should take this matter seriously . 3 with的复合结构 With +n +形容词/副词/介词短语/不定式/现在分词/过去分词 例如: 1. He likes to sleep with the windows closed. (作状语,形容词作宾补) 2. He is standing against the wall, with his head down. (作状语,副词作宾补) 3. She came in with a book in her hand. (作状语,介词短语作宾补) 4. With a local guide leading the way, we got there easily

(作状语,现在分词短语作宾补) 5. With the problem solved, we went on smoothly. (作状语,过去分词作宾补) 6. With her husband to help her, she will work it out. (作状语,不定式短语作宾补) 7. The girl with a bag on her back went happily to school. (作定语,介词短语作宾补) 拓展: 拓展:运用这一结构必须注意以下几点: (1) with结构在句子中作定语或状语。 (2) with 结构中一定不用谓语动词形式,因为它不是句子。 (3) with 结 构 中 的 副 词 是 指 那 些 无 形 容 词 形 成 的 副 词 , 如 on,down,in,out,up,away等。 4 Which things do you think western people have at Christmas? at Christmas在圣诞节期间 At Christmas people often go shopping in the big supermarket. 在圣诞节期间,人们经常到这个大超市购物。 拓展 : (1)on Christmas eve 在圣诞前夜 (2) on Christmas Day 在圣诞当天 在圣诞节 (3)at Christmas put up (1) 建造 We put up a house by the river. 我们在河边建造了一间房子。 (2)供给...住宿 We can put all of you up for the night. 我们可以安排你们所有人过夜。 拓展: 拓展:含有 put 的短语有: put off 推迟 The meeting has been put off. put up (1) 搭建 put up a house (2) 抬高 put up the price of meat (3)提供食宿 put sb. up for the night (4)提出 put up a solution 6 .carry on 继续,坚持,经营 carry on doing sth 相当于 go on doing sth They carried on doing the work as if nothing had happened. 他们继续在工作,好像什么都没有发生。 拓展: 拓展 (1) carry on with 继续 (2) carry away 搬走,冲走,使失去理智成自制力 (3) carry out 实施,履行,完成,后常加plan, promise, order 5

(4) carry about /around 随身携带 7 as long as possible === as long as one can Eg You can keep the book as long as possible 拓展: As long as 还有“只要”的意思,引导条件状语从句 Eg. You may borrow this book as long as you promise to give it back . 8 at the bottom of 等介词短语放在句首表示方位此时用全部倒装,即谓语 动词提到主语的前面。 Eg. At the gate of our school stand two stone . On the wall hangs a picture . Here comes the bus . 9 so··· ···that ···“如此··· ··· ···以至于···” ···,that 引导结果 a 状语从 句。 (1)so+ adj + thawt 从句 Eg It was so cold that we had to stop the game . (2 ) so + adj + an+ 单数名词+ that 从句 Eg She made so good a meal that we all ate far too much . (3 ) so+ adv+ that 从句 Eg He did so well in the examine that everyone praised hin. (4 ) so + many /much/few/little + 名词+ that 从句 Eg I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over . V Homework 教学反思:


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