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2013年高考英语一轮复习课时作业36:Unit 1 A land of diversity(新人教版选修8江西专用)


课时作业(三十六) [选修 8 Unit 1 A land of diversity]

[限时:30 分钟]

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—You see, I'm poor in maths, you are not good at English, and? —That's ________we should help each other. A.when B.where C.how D.what 2.—Do you think it wise for Chinese mothers to try to do everything for their children? —No,that's ________ they are mistaken. A.where B.when C.so D.how 3.While traveling in Sichuan, you can't miss ________ people call “The National Treasure”—Giant Panda. A.that B.it C.what D.which 4.After ten years' absence she came back, only to find her old house was not ________ it used to be. A.which B.what C.when D.how 5.Since he was 67, it didn't seem ________ that he would continue long in that position. A.impossible B.necessary C.particular D.likely 6.—Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? —________.Ours is much stronger than theirs. A.Of course B.It depends C.Don't mention it D.By no means 7.It never occurred to me ________ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A.which B.what C.that D.if 8. Nowhere else in Europe ________ people who invite complete strangers to their homes for coffee or dinner. A.you will find B.will you find C.you have found D.have you found 9. I remember someone saying, a red sky in the evening often ________ fine weather the As next day. A.indicates B.impresses C.obtains D.confirms 10.In many places, ________ bicycle is still ________ popular means of transportation. A.a; the B./; a C.the; a D.the; the

11.Help has already come from them, but the aid is ________ near what we expected. A.everywhere B.somewhere C.anywhere D.nowhere 12.To travel to the United States,you must first apply ________ the American Embassy ________ your visa. A.for; to B.to; for C.for; for D.to; to 13.It is said that the head mistress ________ three months ago will soon ________. A.hired; fired B.dismissed; be fired C.hired; be fired D.hiring; be dismissed 14.Is this the reason ________ she explained in the report for her success in the job? A.what B.that C.how D.why 15.—How did you make so rapid progress in your English?Do you have any secrets? —No. Only ________ hard working. A.in terms of B.in honor of C.by means of D.on behalf of Ⅱ.完形填空 By the third year of teaching I'd begun to expect Christmas break more for the school holiday and less for the excitement of the children. I was teaching fourth grade and my students had made me__16__. I just had to get through one of the hardest days of the school year. The morning bell rang. I walked__17__through the cold into the overly heated school building. Twenty-two smiling faces__18__me at the school bus stop. I forced myself to __19__ their smiles. Back into the classroom, they__20__, comparing plans for the__21__. I had to remove one student from each arm__22__I could take a seat at my desk for my morning duties. Before I could find my roll book(点名册) my desk was covered with__23__and gifts followed by a__24__of “Merry Christmas” wishes. “Oh, thank you,” I must have__25__a million times. Each gift was truly special to me, except my__26__mood(情绪). It was kind of them to__27__me. After a while, I heard a small nervous__28__say my name. I looked up to see Brandon standing__29__by my desk, holding a small, round gift. “This is for you.” “Thank you, Sweetheart.” I laid it on my desk with the others.“Um, could you__30__it now?” I gently tore at the paper and tape. “__31__,” he said, “it's breakable.” Slowly I opened a small, green Christmas tree ornament(装饰物), complete with a hook already__32__. It dawned on me what he had done. Then a nearby student said that he just pulled that off his own tree. I tried to keep my__33__back. Later that day, I sat__34__the ornament in my hands. Was I really so important to this child that he had searched for something to give me? Now every year as I__35__pull a green Christmas ball from my ornament box, I remember the deep influence my students have on me. 16.A.excited B.tired C.amazed D.relaxed 17.A.eagerly B.aimlessly C.gently D.heavily 18.A.watched B.greeted C.delighted D.warned 19.A.return B.forget C.ignore D.refuse

20.A.calmed B.settled C.chatted D.argued 21.A.study B.weekend C.vacation D.lesson 22.A.before B.when C.after D.because 23.A.letters B.books C.chalks D.cards 24.A.knowledge B.collection C.series D.bunch 25.A.confirmed B.assessed C.responded D.explained 26.A.pleased B.low C.thrilled D.angry 27.A.talk about B.think of C.turn to D.connect with 28.A.call B.sound C.shout D.voice 29.A.shyly B.bravely C.rudely D.sadly 30.A.classify B.collect C.open D.arrange 31.A.Careful B.Dangerous C.Patient D.Hasty 32.A.exposed B.adapted C.adjusted D.attached 33.A.trees B.hooks C.gifts D.tears 34.A.looking into B.turning over C.giving away D.packing up 35.A.anxiously B.hurriedly C.delicately D.casually Ⅲ.阅读理解 American culture is unique because it is formed and developed under certain conditions.The major factors contributing to the making of this flew nation and the forming of a new culture are the hard environment,ethnic diversity(多民族) and plural religion,which is quite different from other nations in the world.What is more, these elements are still influencing the American culture. The early immigrants who were English Puritans settled down in northeast part of America. From 1607 to 1892, frontiers were pushed further west.The frontiersmen looked for a land of rich resources and a land of promise, opportunity and freedom.Actually they looked for a better life.So individualism(个人主义), self-reliance, and equality of opportunity have perhaps been the values most closely associated with the frontier heritage(遗产) of America. In history, people from different countries in the world rushed to America three times.They brought their own culture to America and later on, different cultures were mixed together.Thus the unique American culture is formed,a common cultural life with commonly shared values. The fundamental American belief in individual freedom and the fight of individuals to practice their own religion is at the center of religious experience in the United States.The great diversity of ethnic backgrounds has produced religious pluralism; almost all of the religions of the world are now practiced in the United States. Nowadays, we can see the continual influence of the three elements in the current American society.American family is typically parents and their unmarried children.Middle-aged and

elderly people generally do not live with their married children.The people in America have a very strong desire to start a new life in a new place.Quite a number of people change residences every year.The average American moves fourteen times in his lifetime. 36.American culture is unique because of the following factors EXCEPT________. A.hard environment B.ethnic diversity C.plural religion D.advanced modernization 37.We can learn from this article that________. A.the frontiersmen left important society values for American culture B.the early immigrants brought about the unique American culture C.people in the world once rushed to America because of its unique culture D.the American family members don't get along well with each other 38.What's the author's attitude towards American culture? A.He is critical of it. B.He admires it very much. C.He just states the facts. D.He looks down upon it. 39.The last paragraph is about________. A.the family structure in American society B.the influence of the three elements in the current American society C.the new life style of American family D.the reason why American people like to change residences 40.What might be the most suitable title of this article? A.The Immigrants in America B.Why American Culture Is Unique C.The Influence of American Culture D.Plural Religion and American Culture

课时作业(三十六) Ⅰ.1.B 考查表语从句。下句意为:这正是我们应该互相帮助的地方。where 引导表语 从句,其他选项不合题意。 2.A 考查表语从句。where 引导表语从句,表示那就是她们的错误所在。 3.C 考查宾语从句。本题中的动词 miss 后接了一个宾语从句,又由于动词 call 后需 要接双宾语,故选用 what 在该宾语从句中充当宾语从句中动词 call 的宾语。 4.B 考查表语从句。从句子结构看,该词需要引导表语从句并充当该表语从句中 be 动词的表语,所以用 what。what 在此相当于 the house that。 5.D 考查形容词辨析。句意:他已经 67 岁了,看起来不可能在那个职位上待很长时 间了。A、B 选项用于 It's impossible/important/necessary/unusual that?句型,that 从句常用 should+动词原形,而非 would+动词原形。C 项不符合题意,故选 D。 6.D 考查交际用语。根据 Ours is much stronger than theirs 可知 By no means 表示“绝 不可能、 决不会”符合语境。 Of course 表示“当然可以”; depends 表示“看情况而定”; 而 It Don't mention it 表示“不用谢”,均不符合语境,故排除。 7. C 考查主语从句。句意:我从来没有想到你能成功说服他改变主意。It occurs to sb. that?意为:某人突然想到??,其中 that 引导主语从句,it 是形式主语,代替 that 从句的 具体内容。 8.B 考查倒装和动词的时态。否定副词 nowhere 位于句首,句子使用倒装结构。从 句意看,并没有强调完成的意思,所以也不用完成时态。 9.A 考查动词辨析。句意:正如我记得有人所说的:晚上红色的天空预示着第二天 晴空万里。所以选 indicate “预示”。impress “给人印象”;obtain “获得”;confirm “确 认;确定”。 10.C 考查冠词用法。第一空 the bicycle 表示类别。第二空是泛指,表示“一种运输 方式”。 11.D 考查副词辨析。句中的 but 表示的是转折意义,由此可知援助与我们预期的相 差甚远,表示的是否定含义,所以用 nowhere。 12.B 考查 apply 短语的用法。apply to sb.for sth.向某人申请某物。句意:要去美国旅 行,你要首先向美国大使馆申请签证。 13.C 考查动词辨析和动词的语态。hire 表示“雇用”;fire 表示“解雇”;dismiss 表示“开除”。由语态关系可知,答案选 C。句意:据说三个月前受雇的女校长将很快被解 雇。 14. 考查定语从句。 B 因为此处关系词代替先行词在定语从句中作宾语, 故只能用 that, which 或省略。 15.C 考查介词短语 by means of 的用法。by means of 用;以;依靠。根据上文句意, 听话人是通过勤奋才在英语方面很快取得进步的,故选 C。 Ⅱ.文章介绍了在圣诞节前夕,一位老师和学生之间发生的事情。学生亲手制作的圣诞 礼物深深地感动了老师。 16.B 考查语境。根据上文 By the third year of teaching I'd begun to expect Christmas break more for the school holiday and less for the excitement of the children 可知, 教学使得作者 很疲劳。此处表示“我很疲劳”,故选 B。 17.D 考查语境。根据下文 through the cold into the overly heated school building 可知, heavily 此处表示“我迎着寒风艰难地走进教学楼”,故选 D。 18.B 考查语境。根据 Twenty-two smiling faces 可知,是向老师问候。此处表示“学 生向我问候”,故选 B。

19. 考查语境。 A return “归还”; forget “忘记”; ignore “忽略; 忽视”; refuse “拒 绝”。根据上文学生们对老师的问候可知,此处表示“我还以微笑”,故选 A。 20. 考查语境。 C 根据下文 comparing plans for the ______ (vacation)可知, 此处表示“学 生在聊天”,故选 C。 21.C 考查语境。根据上文第一段的 I'd begun to expect Christmas break more for the school holiday 可知,此处表示“为圣诞假期做的计划”,故选 C。 22.A 考查连词。I had to remove one student from each arm 发生在 I could take a seat at my desk for my morning duties 之前。此处表示“我把一名学生的手拿开,我才在讲台旁坐 下??”,before 表示“直到??才”,故选 A。 23.D 考查语境。根据下文的 gifts followed by a ______ (series) of “Merry Christmas” wishes 可知,此处表示“卡片”,故选 D。 24.C 考查名词辨析。a series of “一连串的;一系列的”;a knowledge of “某一方 面的知识”;a collection of “许多的”;a bunch of “一堆;一束”。根据下文 of “Merry Christmas” wishes 可知,此处表示“一连串的圣诞祝愿”,故选 C。 25.C 考查动词辨析。respond “回应;回答”;confirm “证实”;assess “评估; 评定”;explain “解释;说明”。根据上文的 Oh, thank you 和下文的 a million times 可知, 此处表示“我向学生回谢”,故选 C。 26.B 考查语境。根据文中的 special 和 except 可知,此处表示“我情绪低落时”, 故选 B。 27.B 考查动词短语辨析。talk about “谈论”;think of “想起;关心”;turn to “转 向,求助于”;connect with “与??联系”。根据上文的 It was kind of them?可知,此处 表示“学生老想着我”,故选 B。 28.D 考查语境。call 作名词意思为“电话”此处不能用 call 的动词,因为原句中有 动词 say 了; sound “指各种声音”; shout “大喊大叫”;voice “嗓音”。 根据上文的 I heard 和下文的 say my name 可知,此处表示“我听到有点紧张的声音在叫我的名字”,故选 D。 29.A 考查语境。根据上文的 small nervous 可知,此处表示“这个学生有点害羞”, 故选 A。 30. 考查语境。 C 根据下文的 I gently tore at the paper and tape 和 Slowly I opened a small, green Christmas tree ornament(装饰物)可知,此处表示“你打开它好吗”,故选 C。 31.A 考查语境。根据下文的 it's breakable 和 Slowly I opened a small, green Christmas tree ornament(装饰物)可知,此处表示“小心”,故选 A。 32.D 考查独立主格。with a hook already+ done(表被动),独立主格用法。故选 D。 这里表示的是“附在??”。 33. 考查语境。 D 根据上文的 Then a nearby student said that he just pulled that off his own tree 可知,此处表示“我被这个学生感动得流下了眼泪”,故选 D。 34. 考查动词短语辨析。 B look into “调查”; turn over“翻转; 翻来覆去”; give away “泄露;捐赠”;pack up “整理”。根据上下文语境可知,此处表示“我把学生给我的装 饰物放到手里翻来覆去地看”,故选 B。 35.C 考查语境。根据上文的 Later that day, I sat?the ornament in my hands 和下文 的?pull a green Christmas ball from my ornament box, I remember the deep influence my students have on me.可知,此处表示“我小心翼翼地把它从装饰盒里拿出来”,故选 C。 Ⅲ.这是一篇议论兼说明的文章,向我们说明了美国历史上独特文化形成的原因。 36.D 细节理解题。用排除法。第一段的美国独特文化形成的主要因素是“hard environment, ethnic diversity( 多 民 族 ) and plural religion” , 而 没 有 提 到 advanced

modernization,故选 D。 37.A 细节理解题。由第二段的叙述尤其是最后一句可知,美国的早期移民为美国文 化留下了包括“individualism(个人主义), self-reliance, and equality of opportunity”在内的 社会价值观(society values)。故选 A。 38.C 推理判断题。纵观全文可以看出,作者只是客观地叙述了美国独特的文化形成 的原因、背景,以及当今影响美国文化的三大因素等,并没有对此作出评论,故选 C。 39.B 主旨大意题。在该段中,第一句是该段的中心句,全段围绕该句向我们介绍了 影响当今美国社会的三大因素。故选 B。 40.B 主旨大意题。纵观全文可以看出,文章开篇点题,第一句告诉了文章的主题: American culture is unique because it is formed and developed under certain conditions.然后全文 围绕这一主题展开论述,向我们讲述美国独特文化形成的原因。故选 B。


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