汤 姆 索 亚 历 险记读 后感和 心得550字 导 语 :《 汤 姆 索亚历 险记》 是美国 大文豪 马克·吐 温以 美国少 年生活 为主体 写成的 ,
故 事 的 时 代 背景,是 十九世 纪美国 密西西 比河的 圣彼得 堡。 这 个 暑 假 ,我 阅读了 美国的 马克·吐 温编 写的《 汤姆·索 亚历险 记》,使 我受益 匪浅。 马 克 ·吐温 是 19世 纪后期 美国批 判现实 主义文 学的卓 越代表 ,杰出 的幽默 讽刺作 家。 马 克 ·吐 温 原 名塞缪 尔·郎 荷恩·克 莱门斯 ,出生于 密苏里 州门罗 县偏僻 乡村的一个地 方 法 官 家 庭 。他十 二岁丧 父后,就 踏上独 立谋生 的道路 ,从事过 排字、印刷、引航等
《 汤 姆 ·索 亚 历险记 》取材 于美国 南北战 争前的 社会生 活,是 作家对 自己童 年生活 的 回 顾 。 然 而他创 作这部 小说的 目的,并 非仅仅 为了回 顾过去 ,而是为了吸引人们对
现 实 问 题 的 关注。
在 《 汤 姆 ·索 亚历险 记》中 ,主人 公汤姆 厌恶枯 燥的功 课、骗 人的教 义和死 板的生 活 环 境 ,喜 欢 调皮捣 蛋、招 惹是非 ,动辄打 架逃学 ,但是 他富有 正义感 ,他为不 能揭发 印 江 ·乔 杀 害 鲁滨逊 医生的 罪行感 到羞愧 ,又为 把家里 的肉偷 到杰克 逊岛感 到内疚 ,
他 带 着 贝 琪 走出了 死亡之 谷,和哈 里从秘 密洞口 进洞挖 走了金 钱…… 汤 姆 那 富 有 正义感 的精神 令我敬 佩,我要 向他学 习。 这 本 书 的 主 人公是 汤姆索 亚
Module 1 British and American English
Listening and Writing
Work in pairs. Think about problems exchange
students have. Number them in order of
a understanding the language b getting on with people c food d different school subjects and timetable e local customs f climate
Check your ideas with another pair.
Complete the passage with the words in the box.
ask exist happen give
live speak talk
Hello, and welcome to today’s edition of In the air. As you know, every week on this programme we discuss an aspect of
the way we (1) _li_v_e now, and today’s topic is the language we (2) s_p_e_a_k_ --English. So that’s something which affects us all. The question is, what’s going to(3) h_a_p__p_e_n to the way we speak English in the future? Are we all going to speak like Americans? Or will British English continue to (4) e_x_i_s_t ?
Later on we’re going to (5) _a_sk_ you to phone in and (6) g_i_v_e_ your views on the subject, but first we’re going to (7)t_a_lk_ to two young people, one American, and one British, who have spent time on an educational exchange in the other’s country. We (8) _t_h_i_n_k they will have some interesting ideas on the subject.
ListenStoamthaenitnhtearviews and anCswalelur mthe questions.
1. Who found the local accent difficult to
2. Who didn’t find the local accent difficult to
3. Who gets on well with the other students?
4. Who played in a school sports team? Callum
5. Who discovered a lively music scene? Samantha
6. Who enjoyed the-end-of-year dance? Callum
7. Who thinks everyone will speak American
English one day? Callum
8. Who thinks it’s only natural that there are
lots of varieties of English? Samantha
Listen again and answer the questions.
1. Which part of the country is Samantha staying in?
2. The north of England (Leeds in Yorkshire).
3. 2. How long did it take her to understand what people were saying?
4. Two months.
3. What did she notice about the pronunciation of words like dance and bath? They’re the same as in American English.
4. What is the last question the interviewer asked Samantha? Do you think you’ll go home speaking with a north of England accent?
5. How long did Callum spend in the US? Ten months.
6. What didn’t he like about the place he stayed in? The climate (hot and humid).
7. What did he say about the way people spoke? It was easy to understand; they spoke rather slowly.
8. What did girls like about Callum? His English accent (it was cute).
Listen again and fill in the blanks.
INT: I’d like to speak to our American guest first. Hi, Samantha, welcome to the _____, asnhdowwelcome to England! SAM: Thanks! INT: _W__h_e_r_e are you from? SAM: I’m from Albany, in New York State. INT: _W__h_e_n did you arrive in the UK? SAM: Two months ago, in September, at the ____b_e_g_i_n_nionfgthe school term.
INT: How did you get to hear about the exchange? SAM: I saw an a_d_v_e_r_t_is_e_m__e_n_t in my school magazine b_a_c_k_ in the States. INT: Where are you _a_tt_e_n_d_i_n_g school now? SAM: In Leeds, in Yorkshire. INT: And how are you _g_e_t_t_in_g_ _o_n? SAM: I’m getting on just fine, now that I understand the local _a_c_ce_n_t_. INT: So, it was difficult at first?
SAM: Yes, because I didn’t _g_e_t what people were saying for __a_c_o_u_p_l_e _o_f_ days. I think that was the biggest problem I had when I _a_r_r_iv_e_d_. INT: But then you _g_o_t_ _u_se_d_ _t_o_ it? SAM: Yes - and now it seems quite _______. Innoframcta,lin some ways the accent here, in the north of England, ________ mereomf inds American English.
INT: How do you mean? SAM: Well, like they say bath _i_n_s_te_a_d_ o_f_ bath, or Do you want to dance instead of dance, like they do in other parts of Britain. INT: What’s been the most _p_o_s_it_i_v_e thing about the exchange _s_o_ f_a_r_? SAM: _D_e_f_in_i_te_l_y_ the people, especially the other students in my class. They’re really friendly.
INT: Is there _a_n_y_t_h_in_g_ _e_ls_e_ you like about living in Britain? SAM: Lots of things, like the music scene in Leeds, _f_o_r_ i_n_s_t_a_n_c_e_. I like Leeds because there’s more going on here than back home in the States. The school has a _cr_e_a_t_iv_e_ music laboratory, which is really interesting.
INT: I’ve got a question to ask you, Samantha, about the _f_u_tu_r_e_ of English. Do you think in the future everyone will speak American English? SAM: No, why should they? Since English is spoken all over the world, I guess it’s only n__a_tu_r_a_l_ that there are lots of _v_a_ri_e_t_ie_s_. INT: So do you think you’ll go home _sp_e_a_k_i_n_g_ with a north of England accent? SAM: Oh no, I didn’t mean that!
INT: Well now I’d like to _t_u_r_n_ t_o_ our other guest, another exchange student, that’s _e_ig_h__te_e_n_-_y_e_a_r-_o_l_d_ Callum Nightingale. Callum, you recently returned from the US. How long were you there? CAL: Ten months _a_l_to_g_e_t_h_e_r. INT: And where were you? CAL: I was in a _f_e_r_ti_le_ agricultural region, in a _f_a_ir_l_y small town in Mississippi.
INT: That’s quite a long way _s_o_u_th_, isn’t it? CAL: Yes, it is. INT: What was the most difficult problem you had? CAL: I _r_e_c_k_o_n_ it was the _c_li_m_a_t_e_; it was hot and humid for a lot of the time. INT: How did you _g_e_t o_n_ _w_i_th_ American English? CAL: Well, I didn’t really have any problems with the accent. It was easy to understand, they speak _r_a_t_h_e_r _sl_o_w_l_y__.
INT: But did they understand you? CAL: That’s a good _p_o_in_t_. I think they did. As I was the only British person in the school they _m__a_d_e _a_ _fu_s_s_ of me. The girls all said my accent was _c_u_te_. INT: What was the best moment of your stay? CAL: I think it was the _p_r_o_m__, that’s the school dance at the end of the year.
INT: I want to ask you a couple of questions
about American English. Did you find that
a lot of words are _d_i_ff_e_r_e_n_t ? CAL: Yes, especially _a_t _s_c_h_o_o_l - they have grades, we have years, then the names of
subjects are _a_ b__it different, like “civics”, which basically means _l_a_w_ and _g_o_v_er_n_m__e_n_t. And some sports are different - football
means American football, not _s_o_cc_e_r_ - I actually played in the soccer team.
Then the American word for maths is _m_a_t_h_, without the “s” - that seems like a very small detail. But the first time I heard it, it sounded s_t_r_a_n_g_e ... but you get used to it. When I came home my mum said I had _p_i_c_k_e_d _u_p__ an American accent, but it’s _w_o_r_n_ _o_ff_ now I think. INT: Callum, do you think that in the future everybody will speak an American _v_a_ri_e_ty_ of English?
CAL: Maybe yes. I think the British will speak American English because they _h_e_a_r it every day now, on _T_V__, in _fi_lm__s_ and so on. INT: And are you _h_a_p_p_y_ about that? CAL: I don’t know. I _s_u_p_p_o_s_e I don’t mind, really. Everything changes _s_o_o_n_e_r _o_r_ l_a_t_er_.
British and American English
为人们的交流与理解服务。有关媒体语言 的选择和使用，也关系到媒体传播与交流 的功效。该类文章写作常设计成应用文体 的形式，写作内容可结合自己的学习体会 和认识适当发挥。但文章语言要标准，用 词要准确，行文要连贯，方能达到好的交 流效果。
【归纳记忆】 以下关于汉语语言的句子可供参考： 1. There are many different accents in
Chinese, which I think resulted in the trouble, especially for foreigners, in understanding it. 2. Compared with English, Chinese are pronounced in more ways with a variety of accents in different parts of China. 3. Many Chinese characters are spelled in a special way, combining the meaning with their pronunciation.
4. In order to understand Chinese and communicate well with the natives, you’d better practice listening and speaking a lot, which helps to learn it well in return.
5. You should also pay attention to the traditional customs, which will help you learn the language while getting along well with the natives.
【写作任务】 假设你是李华。你的加拿大笔友Peter一 个月前来北京某大学学习汉语。他发现 汉语与英语有很大的不同：汉字的发音 和拼写复杂难学，句子结构也是如此。 请你写封回信，对此作出简单解释，提 供学习建议，并鼓励他学好汉语。 注意： 1. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯； 2. 要求词数: 100左右。
作。要求为笔友解释汉语语言的特点(剖析笔友 遇到的困难, 解除对方的犯难情绪)；提供汉语 语言学习的建议(根据个人经验，适当发挥); 并 鼓励对方学好汉语。
书信的格式已为中学生所熟悉, 因此选用恰 当的词句成为写作的关键。写作过程中要尽量 选用较为丰富的词语, 运用较为复杂的句式, 借 以提高表达的质量。提供的建议要中肯, 注重实 效, 真正起到帮助学习的作用。
全文以第一人称为主, 提供建议可用第二人 称。动词时态以现在时态为主。
第二步：列提纲 1.书信的开头，引出话题，介绍情况：了 2. 解到对方来北京学习汉语；剖析汉语
和英语的不同：汉字的发音、拼写、句 子结构等复杂难学； 2. 书信的主体，提供建议：学习语言离不 开练习（读写）；交流交际过程中，了 解不同口音和文化，反过来又利于学 习，等等； 3. 书信的结尾，总结、鼓励、祝愿，增强 其信心。
第三步：优化句子 1. 正如你所发现的一样，汉语和英语大不 2. 相同。 【优化1】You said that you had found
many differences between Chinese and English. 【优化2】Just as you have found, Chinese differs greatly from English.
2. 汉字的发音和拼写复杂难学，句子结构 也是如此。
【优化1】The pronunciation, the spelling of the Chinese words and the sentence structures are too complicated for people to learn. 【优化2】The pronunciation and the spelling of the Chinese words are very complicated, and so are the sentence structures, making them a little bit difficult for people to learn.
3. 你应该多找机会和本地人交流,借以熟 悉他们的口音和文化,这有助于汉语的学习。 【优化1】You should talk more with the native people to get familiar with different accents and the culture, which helps you to learn Chinese. 【优化2】You should find more opportunities to communicate with the native people so that you can get familiar with different accents and the culture, helping to learn Chinese. 【优化3】You should find more opportunities to communicate with the native people to get familiar with different accents as well as the culture, which will help you to learn Chinese by using it.
【范例展示】 Dear Peter,
I’m glad to know that you have been studying Chinese in a university in Beijing for about a month. Just as you have found, Chinese differs greatly from English. The pronunciation and the spelling of the Chinese words are very complicated, and so are the sentence structures. That is why many foreigners have great difficulty in learning Chinese.
However, practicing will make a difference. If you can read and write Chinese as much as you can, you will master it in time. In addition, you should find more opportunities to communicate with the native people to get familiar with different accents as well as the culture, which will help you to learn Chinese by using it.
I’m sure you can learn Chinese well if you don’t give it up. I can offer some help if necessary.
Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua
1. Do the listening exercises in Learning English.
语新闻节目，现向社会各界征求意见，并讨 论使用美国英语还是英国英语播报的问题。 请以学生李华的名义，给负责人张先生写一 封书信，内容包括： 1. 1. 提供英语节目的必要性； 2. 2. 使用美国英语或英国英语的建议及原因； 3. 其它方面的建议等。 注意：1. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯；
2. 要求词数: 120-150。
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