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Part I Listening Comprehension (35 points, 35 minutes) Part A Section A Directions: In part A, you will hear short conversations between two people. After each conversation, you will hear a question about the conversation. The questions and the questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. 1. (A) He wants to go early to avoid a traffic jam. (B) He wants to leave the theater before the movie is over. (C) He doesn't know the way to the theater. (D) He doesn't usually get up at 7:00. 2. (A) Walk around the corner to the next block. (B) Take a taxi to the hotel. (C) Telephone the hotel for directions. (D) Wait in the candy store. 3. (A) Borrow her book. (B) Check the classroom again. (C) Buy a new book. (D) Ask about the book at the information desk.. 4. (A) Linda didn't like it. (B) Bill lost it. (C) It was very expensive. (D) It was very small. 5. (A) Take later classes. (B) Discuss the problem with her professor. (C) Come to campus by a different route. (D) Live closer to campus. (15 points, 15 minutes)

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6. (A) She often goes to the beach. (B) She got a weekend job at the beach. (C) She misses the trips to the beach she used to take. (D) Her home is near the beach. 7. (A) Continue to read. (B) Meet the woman at the library. (C) Make some coffee. (D) Go out with some friends. 8. (A) What she can do to help the man. (B) How long the man has had allergies. (C) What is causing the man's problem. (D)What the man just said. 9. (A) He already has plans for Saturday night. (B) The woman should decide where to cat Saturday. (C) The woman should ask her brother for a suggestion. (D) He will make a reservation at the restaurant. 10. (A) She'll drop the man off on the way to work. (B) The man can ride downtown with her. (C) The man will have to leave earlier than usual. (D) She can't give the man a ride.

Section B Directions: In this part of the test you will hear longer conversations. After each conversation you will hear several questions. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to your letter of the answer you have chosen. Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in your test book. 11. (A) How to care for precious metals. (B) A standard unit for measuring weight. (C) The value of precious metals. (D) Using the metric system. 12. (A) To check the accuracy of scales. (B) To calculate the density of other metals. (C) To observe changes in the atmosphere.

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(D) To measure amounts of rainfall. 13. (A) Someone spilled water on it. (B) Someone lost it. (C) It was made of low quality metal. (D) The standard for measuring had changed. 14. (A) It is a small amount to pay for so much precious metal. (B) It is difficult to judge the value of such an object. (C) It is reasonable for an object with such an important function. (D) It is too high for such a light weight. 15. (A) He is unable to attend her class. (B) He wants to deliver something to her office. (C) He wants to hand in a late assignment. (D) He wants to drop her course.

Part B (20 points,20minutes) Section A In this part of the test you will hear several talks. After each talk, you will hear some questions. The talks and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. 16. (A) Traditional European architecture. (B) Techniques for building log cabins. (C) The history of log structures. (D) How to build a home by yourself. 17. (A) Their small size. (B) Their rustic dirt floors. (C) Their walls of rounded logs. (D) Their sliding board windows. 18. (A) They liked the look of log homes. (B) They had easy access to logs. (C) They were unfamiliar with other building materials. (D) They wanted to break away from European traditions. 19. (A) They could easily build the log houses themselves.

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(B)They could construct the houses from kits. (C)They liked the cozy atmosphere of the log interior. (D)They wanted homes that could be transported. 20. (A) It was built by the Canadians. (B) It was built to facilitate trade. (C) The path for the road was extremely difficult to clear. (D) Hostilities between Canada and the United States caused construction delays. 21. (A) Maine was less influenced by the French government. (B) Maine had better employment opportunities. (C) Maine was politically stable. (D) Marine had a better climate. 22. (A) The area was economically unified. (B) The authorities were unable to enforce law and order. (C) The two governments fought for control of the area. (D) Most of the people living there spoke only French. 23. (A) The latest practices of accurate mapmaking. (B) The impact of epidemics on mass migration. (C) The advantages of establishing international trade agreements. (D) The technology used to locate the Old Canada Road. 24. (A) Watch a slide show about trees. (B) Learn how to prevent Dutch elm disease. (C) Study the history of the campus buildings and grounds. (D) Look at examples of trees on campus. 25. (A) History. (B) Physical education. (C) Botany. (D) Architecture. Section B Compound Dictation Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to SIO you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally; when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

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There are a lot of good cameras available at the moment – most of these are made in Japan but there are also good (S 1) models from Germany and the USA. We have (S2) range of different models to see which is the best (S3) money. After a number of different tests and interviews with people who are (S4) assessed, our researchers (S5) with the different cameras being the Olympic BY model as the best auto-focus camera available at the moment. It costs $200 although you may well want to spend more (S6) much as another $200 - on buying (S7) lenses and other equipment. It is a good Japanese camera, easy to use. (S8)

whereas the American versions are considerably more expensive The Olympic BY model weighs only 320 grams which is quite a bit less than other cameras of a similar type. Indeed one of the other models we looked at weighed almost twice as much. (S9)

All the people we interviewed expressed almost total satisfaction with it (Sl0) Part II Reading Comprehension (35 points, 25 minutes)

Section I Careful reading (25points, 20 minutes) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Text A Many of the home electric goods which are advertised as liberating the modern woman tend to have the opposite effect, because they simple change the nature of work instead of eliminating it. Machines have a certain novelty value, like toys for adults. It is certainly less tiring to put clothes in a washing machine, but the time saved does not really amount to much: the machine has to be watched, the clothes have to be carefully sorted out first, stains removed by hand, buttons pushed and water changed, clothes taken out, aired and ironed. It would be more liberating to pack it all off to a laundry and not necessarily more expensive, since no capital investment is required. Similarly, if you really want to save time you do not make cakes with an electric mixer, you buy one in a shop. If one compares the image of the woman in the women’s magazine with the goods advertised by those periodicals, one realizes how useful a projected image can be commercially. A careful balance has to

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be struck: if you show a labour-saving device, follow it up with a complicated’ recipe on the next page; on no account hint at the notion that a woman could get herself a job, but instead foster her sense of her own usefulness, emphasizing the creative aspect of her function as a housewife. So we get cake mixes where the cook simply adds an egg herself, to produce “that lovely homo-baked flavour the family love”, and knitting patterns that can be made by hand, or worse still, on knitting machines, which became tremendously fashionable when they were first introduced. Automatic cookers are advertised by pictures of pretty young mothers taking their children to the park, not by professional women presetting the dinner before leaving home for work.? 26. According to the passage, many of the home electric goods which are supposed to liberate woman___.? A. remove unpleasant aspects of housework ? B. save the housewife very little time ? C. save the housewife’s time but not her money ? D. have absolutely no value for the housewife ? 27. According to the context, “capital investment” refers to money___.? A. spent on a washing machine ? B. borrowed from the bank ? C. saved in the bank ? D. lent to other people ? 28. The goods advertised in women’s magazines are really meant to ___.? A. free housewives from housework ? B. encourage housewives to go out to work ? C. make housewives into excellent cooks ? D. give them a false sense of fulfillment ?

TEXT B ? The “standard of living” of any country means the average person’s share of the goods and services which the country produces. A country’ s standard of living, therefore, depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth. “Wealth” in this sense is not money, for we do not live on money but on things that money can buy: “goods” such as food and clothing, and “services” such as transport and entertainment.? A country’s capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of which have an effect on one another. Wealth depends to a great extent upon a country’s natural resources, such as coal, gold, and other minerals, water supply and so on. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have a

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fertile soil and a favourable climate; other regions possess none of them.? Next to natural resources comes the ability to turn them to use. Some countries are perhaps well off in natural resources, but suffered for many years from civil and external wars, and for this and other reasons have been unable to develop their resources. Sound and stable political conditions, and freedom from foreign invasion, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, and to produce more wealth than another country equally well served by nature but less well ordered. Another important factor is the technical efficiency of a country’s people. Industrialized countries that have trained numerous skilled workers and technicians are better placed to produce wealth than countries whose workers are largely unskilled. ? A country’s standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed within its own borders, but also upon what is indirectly produced through international trade. For example, Britain’s wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural products would be much less if she had to depend only on those grown at home. Trade makes it possible for her surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would otherwise be lacking. A country’s wealth is, therefore, much influenced by its manufacturing capacity, provided that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures.? 29. The standard of living in a country is determined by ___.? A. its goods and services ? B. the type of wealth produced ? C. how well it can create wealth ? D. what an ordinary person can share ? 30. A country’ capacity to produce wealth depends on all the factors EXCEPT ___. s ? A. people’s share of its goods B. political and social stability ? C. qualities of its workers D. use of natural resources ? 31. According to the passage, ___ play an equally important rule indetermining a country’s standard of living.? A. farm products B. industrial goods ? C. food stuffs D. export and import ? TEXT C ? How we look and how we appear to others probably worries us more when are in our teens or early twenties than at any other time in our life. Few of us are content to accept ourselves as we are, and few are brave enough to ignore the trends of fashion. ? Most fashion magazines or TV advertisements try to persuade us that we should dress in a certain way or behave in a certain manner. If we do, they tell us, we will be

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able to meet new people with confidence and deal with every situation confidently and without embarrassment. Changing fashion, of course, does not apply just to dress. A barber today does not cut a boy’s hair in the same way as he used to, and girls do not make up in the same way as their mothers and grand mothers did. The advertisers show us the latest fashionable styles and we are constantly under pressure to follow the fashion in case our friends think we are odd or dull.? What causes fashions to change? Sometimes convenience or practical necessity or just the fancy of an influential person can establish a fashion. Take hats, for example. In cold climates, early buildings were cold inside, so people wore hats indoors as well as outside. In recent times, the late President Kennedy caused a depression in the American hat industry by not wearing hats: more American men followed his example. ? There is also a cyclical pattern in fashion. In the 1920s in Europe and America, short skirts became fashionable. After World War Two, they dropped to ankle length. Then they got shorter and shorter the miniskirt was in fashion. After a few more years, skirts became longer again.? Today, society is much freer and easier than it used to be. It is no longer necessary to dress like everyone else. Within reason, you can dress as you like or do your hair the way you like instead of the way you should because it is the fashion. The popularity of jeans and the “untidy” look seems to be a reaction against the increasingly expensive fashion of the top fashion houses.? At the same time, appearance is still important in certain circumstances and then we must choose our clothes carefully. It would be foolish to go to an interview for a job in a law firm wearing jeans and a sweater; and it would be discourteous to visit some distinguished scholar looking as if we were going to the beach or a night club. However, you need never feel depressed if you don’t look like the latest fashion photo. Look around you and you’ll see that no one else does either!? 32. The author thinks that people are ___.? A. satisfied with their appearance ? B. concerned about appearance in old age ? C. far from neglecting what is in fashion ? D. reluctant to follow the trends in fashion ? 33. Fashion magazines and TV advertisements seem to link fashion to___.? A. confidence in life B. personal dress ? C. individual hair style D. personal future ? 34. Causes of fashions are ___.? A. uniform B. varied C. unknown TEXT D ? Massive changes in all of the world’ s deeply cherished sporting habits are

D. inexplicable. ?

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underway. Whether it’s one of London’s parks full of people playing softball, and Russians taking up rugby, or the Super bowl rivaling the British Football Cup Final as a televised spectator event in Britain, the patterns of players and spectators are changing beyond recognition. We are witnessing a globalization of our sporting culture.? That annual bicycle race, the Tour de France, much loved by the French is a good case in point. Just a few years back it was a strictly continental affair with France, Belgium and Holland, Spain and Italy taking part. But in recent years it has been dominated by Colombian mountain climbers, and American and Irishriders.? The people who really matter welcome the shift toward globalization. Peugeot, Michelin and Panasonic are multi-national corporations that want worldwide returns for the millions they invest in teams. So it does them literally a world of good to see this unofficial world championship become just that.? This is undoubtedly an economic-based revolution we are witnessing here,one made possible by communications technology, but made to happen because of marketing considerations. Sell the game and you can sell Cola or Budweiser as well The skilful way in which American football has been sold to Europe is a good example of how all sports will develop. The aim of course is not really to spread the sport for its own sake, but to increase the number of people interested in the major money-making events. The economics of the Superbowl are already astronomical. With seats at US $125, gate receipts alone were a staggering $ 10,000,000. The most important statistic of the day, however, was the $ 100,000,000 in TV advertising fees. Imagine how much that becomes when the eyes of the world are watching.? So it came as a terrible shock, but not really as a surprise, to learn that some people are now suggesting that soccer change from being a game of two 45-minute halves, to one of four 25-minute quarters. The idea is unashamedly to capture more advertising revenue, without giving any thought for the integrity of asport which relies for its essence on the flowing nature of the action.? Moreover, as sports expand into world markets, and as our choice of sports as consumers also grows, so we will demand to see them played at a higher and higher level. In boxing we have already seen numerous, dubious world title categories because people will not pay to see anything less than a “World Tide” fight,and this means that the title fights have to be held in different countries around the world!? 35. Globalization of sporting culture means that ___.? A. more people are taking up sports.? B. traditional sports are getting popular.? C. many local sports are becoming international ? D. foreigners are more interested in local sports ? 36. Which of the following is NOT related to the massive changes?? A. Good economic returns. B. Revival of sports C. Communications technology. D. Marketing strategies. ?

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37 What is the author’ attitude towards the suggestion to change soccer into one of s four 25-minute quarters?? A. Favourable. B. Unclear. C. Reserved. D. Critical. ?

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