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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

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I. Key Words 1. wild (p25)

Language points

[原句回放 Wild plants and animals have to look after themselves. (p.25) 原句回放] 原句回放 [寓词于境] 1). He enjoys filming wild animals. 2). We walked into a wild mountain region. [自我归纳] wild 的意思是________________________, 为________词 [联想拓展] be wild about sth/sb(对某事物[某人])极热心或热爱 be wild with… 因……而发狂 [即学即练] 中译英 1). 群众欣喜若狂。 The crowd went wild with delight. 2). 孩子们都特别喜欢这个新计算机。 The children are wild about the new computer.

2. decrease (p25) decrease (sth.) to ... 减少到 increase (sth.) to ... 增加到 decrease (sth. ) by 减少了……

increase (sth.)by ...增加了……

on the decrease/increase 在减少/增加 [即学即练]用适当的介词填空 The membership decreased_______150. (to) 会员数减少到了 150 人 The number of students in the class has decreased by____ 20. 班级里的人数减少了 20 人。 1)这些措施将有助于降低生产成本。 These measures will help decrease the cost of production.

2)人口出生率正在下降。

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

The birthrate is on the decrease.

3. hunt v (p25) [寓词于境] 1). Wolves hunt in packs. 2). Police are hunting an escaped criminal. [自我归纳] hunt 在句(1)中的意思是____打猎, 猎取____;在句(2)中,意思是 追捕,搜寻) 常用的搭配有 hunt for 试图找到(某物[某人]) 追求 [小试牛刀] 中译英 1). 我在寻找一本失去的书。 I am hunting for a lost book. 2). 许多人一生追求成名,但一无所获。 Many people hunt after fame in their lives but never find it. hunt after 探求;

4. mercy

(p26)

[寓词于境]1). They showed mercy to their enemies. 2). It's a mercy she wasn't hurt in the accident. [自我归纳] mercy 在句(1)中,意为 (仁慈、宽容) ; 在句(2)中意为(幸运) [拓展] ask/beg for mercy 请求宽恕 show mercy to=have mercy on 怜悯/同情/可怜某人 (反义词组: show no mercy to) at the mercy of...任由……的摆布(而无力保护自己) It’s a mercy (that)...[口]幸运的是,幸亏 without mercy 毫不同情 [即学即练] 1). 农民们总是惨无人道地捕杀我们。 (教材 P26) Farmers hunted us without mercy.

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

2). We _______show no mercy to______(对……毫不留情)those who turn against our country.? 3). Most farmers are _______at the mercy of ______(任由……摆布)the weather.? 4). During the World War II, many Jews were killed _without mercy.(残忍地,无情地)

5.contain (p26) [原句回放]contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. 它含有一种强效的药物可以防止蚊虫叮咬。(教材 P26) [寓词于境] (1)Orange juice contains things which help keep you healthy. (2)The hall can contain/hold/seat/admit 3,000 people. ( 3 ) She could hardly contain herself for joy. (4)I couldn't’t contain myself at the sight of him. [自我归纳]contain 在句(1)中,意思为 (包含、含有) ,一般不用于进行时态; 在句(2)中,意思为(容纳)相当于 hold, seat,与 admit; 为(遏制,抑制) 句(4)中,意为(控制) , 。 [小试牛刀] 1The jar __contains___ ten glasses of water. 这个罐子盛有 10 杯子 2I could not _____contain______ my laughter. 我无法控制自己不笑出声来。 3.Little Johnny felt the bag,curious to know what it_______. A.collected C.loaded B.contained D.saved 句(3) ,含义

解析:选 B。句意:小约翰尼摸了一下袋子,想知道里面装着什么东西。collect 收集,搜集;contain 含有,装有;load 装载;save 节省。

6. affect

(p26)

[观察] 阅读下列各句,观察 affect 在句中的用法。 1). The amount of the rain affected the growth of the crops.
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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

2). My throat is affected by a cold. 3). The story affected us deeply. [点拨] affect vt. 影响, 如:句 1; (疾病)侵袭,如:句 2;感动,如:句 3。 [辨析] affect 当“影响”讲时,是及物动词,=have an effect on,宾语为 宾语为被影响的事 宾语为 物; effect 当“影响,效果,结果”讲时,是名词 名词;用作动词 动词时,意为“产生,引 名词 动词 起”=produce。 [小试牛刀] 用 affect 或 effect 的适当形式填空。 1).All the people in the room ___were affected___ to tears. 2).The change has seriously affected his income. 3). The film had quite an ___ effect ___ on her. 4).The war ___effected__ changes all over the world. (每空一词) [即学即练] 根据汉语意思完成下列句子。 1). 众所周知,吸烟影响健康。 __As___ is known to all, smoking ___affects__ health. 2). 教授的演讲深深打动了听众。 The audience were / was deeply affected by the professor’s speech.

7. appreciate

(p26)

[观察] 阅读下列各句,观察 appreciate 在句中的用法。 1).I really appreciate your coming to the party. 2). His abilities were not appreciated in that school. 3).At that time he appreciated how much his job meant to him. 4).Their investments have appreciated over the years. [点拨] appreciate vt. 感激,如:句 1; 如:句 3; 增值,如:句 4。 appreciative adj. 欣赏的;感激的 赏识,如:句 2; 意识到,理解,

[联想] appreciation n.

[拓展] 常用句型:I would appreciate it if ... 如果……,我将不胜感激。 I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job.

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

[小试牛刀] 用 appreciate 的适当形式翻译下列句子。 1. 如果你能在周五晚上照顾一下孩子们,我将非常感激。 I would appreciate it if you could take care of the kids on Friday night. 2. 看翻译作品不能真正欣赏到外国小说的美妙之处。 You can’t really appreciate foreign novels in translation. 3. 我知道对你来说很难作这个决定。 I appreciate that it’s a difficult decision for you to make. 4. 在过去的两年中,我们的房子已经增值了 50%。 Our house has appreciated by 50% in the last two years. [辨析 appreciate 与 thank 辨析] 辨析 appreciate 与 thank 都可表示“感谢” 。appreciate 表示“感谢”时,后面接表 示“物”的名词或代词; thank 表示“感谢”时,后面接表示“人”的名词或 “ “ 代词,常用于 thank sb. 或 thank sb. for sth. / doing sth.。如: [即学即练] 用 appreciate 的适当形式填空。 1. The reporter said that the survivors in Wenchuan greatly ___appreciated____ the soldiers’ timely rescue after the earthquake. (此处意为__感激__) 2. Her abilities are not fully __appreciated_ by her employer. (此处意为__理解___) 3. To my disappointment, she showed little ___appreciation__ to my advice.

7. [原文回放] What must be done if wildlife protection is to succeed? (p27) [寓词于境] 阅读下列句子,注意 succeed 的意思和用法。 (1). I’m sure he will succeed in the experiment. (2). He was glad that his daughter had succeeded in passing the college entrance examination. (3). When the emperor died, his eldest son succeeded. [自我归纳] succeed 作动词,意为___成功__ (句 1、句 2) ___继承__(句 3) 、 ; 常用结构为:succeed in sth. 或___succeed in doing sth.

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

.(注意:不可说 succeed to do sth.。) 不 [拓展] success n. 成功; successful adj. 成功的; successor n. 继承者; successfully adv. 成功地

[即学即练] 用 succeed 的适当形式填空。 1). All of us are determined to be __successors ___ to the communist cause. 2). The doctors worked hard and __successfully___ saved thousands of the wounded. 3). Our country ___ succeeded October 24, 2007. 4). —The meeting is very ___successful__. Do you think so? —Yes, it is really a great __success __ in sending up Chang’e 1 into the sky at 6:05 pm,

II key phrases 1. [原句回放]As a result these endangered animals may even die out. (P25)? 结果,这些濒危动物可能会灭绝。? [寓词于境] 1).Many old customs are gradually dying out. 2).It’s getting dark and the wind dies away. 3).The excitement died down. 4).As he got older,his relatives all died off. [自我归纳 ]die out 灭绝、(习俗等)消 减弱?; die down 渐渐熄灭;静下来 die away (风、声音等)渐渐消失、逐渐 die off 相继死去;成批死亡?

die of 死于疾病、饥寒、情感?(内因) (内因) die from 死于疾病、饥渴 情感以外的原因?(外因) (外因) [拓展]be dying for 很想要,渴望 be dying to do 很想做,渴望做 [即学即练]?? 1).As the region is becoming hotter, this kind of grass is _____________.? 2).Their chatters and laughter _____________ as the group rushed out of the classroom.?

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

3).When all the guests had left, the whole house _____________.? 4).We need to take action before all the endangered animals _____________. 答案:(1)dying off 5).真想喝点热东西。 I am dying for a hot drink. (2)died away ?(3)died down (4)have died out ?

2. burst into laughter 突然笑起来;大声笑了出来 突然笑起来; All the classmates _________________ when Peter acted out the play. 当彼得表演戏剧时,全班同学都大笑了起来。 拓展:burst into + n burst out + doing 突然发作;爆发;闯入;冲进 突然爆发

Don’t _______________ by room without knocking! 别不敲门就闯入我的房间! 11.Hearing the exciting result,they burst into_______ ,tears coming down. A. laughter C. flames B. anger D. fame

解析: A。 选 从题干中的“tears coming down”推知情绪较为激动。 burst into laughter 意为“大声笑了出来”; burst into anger 意为“勃然大怒”; burst into fame 意为“突然 出名”。结合句意可知 A 项正确 2.On getting the bad news,the man burst into _______ and tore up everything within reach. A.laughing C.cheers B. anger D.laughter

解析:选 B。由题干中的 tore up everything 可推知,此人处于盛怒状态,故选 B。

4. protect from [原文回放] “I’m __________ myself ____________ mosquitoes,” it replied 它回答说: “我这样做是为了防止蛀虫叮咬” 。 protect...from/against 保护……免受……(的危害)?

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

prevent sb.(from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事? stop sb.(from)doing sth.? keep sb.from doing sth.(from 不可省略)? forbid sb.to do sth.? keep sb.doing sth.让某人不断做某事? 【即学即练】? 根据括号中的提示完成下列句子。? (1)The government tried very hard ____________.(保护穷人免受饥饿的困扰)? (2)The heavy rain_______________.(使我们不能外出)? (3)Our school ______________ .(严禁学生吸烟)? (4)The mother_______________.(不让儿子和那个女孩见面)? (5)The mother_____________.(让儿子不断地与那个女孩见面) 答案:(1)to protect the poor people from hunger (3)forbad the students to smoke (4)kept her son from meeting the girl (5)kept her son meeting the girl ? (2)prevented us from going out

in peace; at peace ? ; in peace 和平地; 和睦地;宁静地 ? at peace (与 at war 相反)表示“休战、和睦相处”。 【即学即练】? 用 in peace 和 at peace 填空。? (1)The village is_____________ now, but with both sides ready to fight again, the people there can never live_____________.? (2)Don’t bother me. Let me think about it_____________. 答案:(1)at peace;in peace (2)in peace ?

4. [原文回放]Why are they in danger of disappearing?(P25)? 他们为什么面临着灭绝的危险呢??

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

[寓词于境] 阅读下列句子,并试着总结 in danger (of) 在句中的含义及用法。 1). The old man was knocked down by a motorbike. He was in danger . . The men believe that their lives are in danger. . How many factory workers are in danger of losing their jobs? [自我归纳] in danger 在句 1.2.中,意为() ; in danger of y 意为“有……的危 险,坏事、或不快之事的可能性” 如句 3,其后可接名词 代词 名词、代词 名词 代词或(动名词) [词语拓展]? in danger 在……危险中? out of danger 脱离危险? 【即学即练】? 用上述短语完成下列小片段。? Last month Jane was seriously ill and was (1) . Thanks to the doctors, she in danger of 有……的危险? out of the danger of 脱离了……的危险?

received the operation in time and so she was (2) at last. Unfortunately, when she came back to the factory, she learned that she was (3) losing her job because the boss thought she was too weak to do the work. 答案:(1)in danger (2)out of danger (3)in danger of ?

5.Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife.(P26)? 戴茜一直以来都渴望帮助那些濒临灭绝的野生动植物。? ◆阅读下列句子,注意 long 的搭配及意思。 ? (1)People in that country long for an enduring peace. 意思为:(long for sth.渴望得到某物) (2)She longed to be back to China. 意思为:(long to do sth.渴望做某事)? (3)We longed for the summer to be over soon. 意思为:(long for sb.to do sth.期待某人做某事)?

3. pay attention to

注意

You should _______ more ________________ the rainforest where I live and
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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

appreciate how the animals live together. 你应该更多地关注我居住的雨林,欣赏动物们是如何生活在一起的。 拓展:fix/ focus one’s attention on 将注意力集中于 吸引某人的注意力到 请注意(演讲开头语)

Draw/ attract/ catch/ get one’s attention to

May I have your attention, please? = Attention, please! 用适当的动词填空

We should _____________ our attention on the development of science. The exhibition _______________ people’s wide attention to wild animals. More attention should be ____________ to the mind health.

Ⅲ . 重点句型? 1.[原文回放 “It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help 原文回放] 原文回放 as the WWF suggests.” “这表明保护野生动植物的重要性,但我想按照世界野生生物基金会的建议来帮 助(你们) 。” [句法分析](1)as 仿照,像……那样,如……,引导方式状语从句。 1). When in Rome,do as the Romans do. 入乡随俗

②Anne wouldn’t write down a series of facts in her diary as most people do. 安妮不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。 即学即练你必须照着我来做每一件事 You must do everything as I do. (2)suggest vt. ) suggest sth.提议某事 suggest+that ?建议…… It is suggested that+主语(should)do... 1)|.I suggest a visit to the Great Wall next month. 我建议下个月去参观长城。 2).He suggested going out for a walk. 他建议出去散散步。 3).I suggested to him that he should join in the club activities.
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suggest doing sth.建议干某事

Unit4 Wildlife Protection

我向他建议参加俱乐部的活动。 4).It was suggested that the meeting (should) be put off. 有人建议推迟会议。 [拓展]类似的词组还有口诀: 1234 歌 1 坚持 2 命令 3 建议 4 要求 insist order command suggest advice propose demand request ask require + (should)+动词原型

2)在表示“暗示,表明,使想到”的意思时,suggest 后的宾语从句中,不用虚拟 语气。 ⑧Her expression suggested that she was angry. 她的表情暗示出她生气了。 15.He came to my class every week,but his attitude_________ interested in it. A.expressed C.explained B.described D.suggested that he was not really

解析:选 D。句意:他每星期都来听我的课,但他的态度表明他并非真对它感兴 趣。suggest 在这里意为“表明,暗示”,此时宾语从句不用虚拟语气

2. [原文回放 原文回放]No rain forest, no animals and no drugs.(P27)? 原文回放 ? 没有雨林,就没有动物和药物。? No..., no...无条件从句,意为没有……就没有……常见于谚语中。? No fire, no smokes. 无火不起烟。 (事出有因。 )? 【即学即练】 模仿造句。? (1)没有理想就没有行动。? __________ No wills, no actions. ______________________ ? (2)不劳无获。? __________ No pains, no gains._______________________
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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

ⅠⅠ单词拼写 1.Their diet________ (包含)a lot of fat in the form of potato chips, butter, cream and chocolate. 答案:contains 2.I will __________(感激)it if you could come to help me. 答案:appreciate 3.After a _______(成功的)career in business,he was appointed director. 答案:successful 4.How many workers will be ________(雇用)in our company? 答案:employed 5.This umbrella will _______(保护)you from the heavy rain. 答案:protect 6.The noise from the street a 答案:affected 7.She asked where he had been,but he didn’t r 答案:respond 8.I’ve h 答案:hunted 9.The waste and poison may h 答案:harm 10.As time goes on,interest in this sport is d 答案:decreasing . the surroundings around us. everywhere for my watch,but I can’t find it. . our work yesterday.

ⅡⅠ选词填空

much to our relief pay attention to

protect...from... in peace die out

in danger of without

as a result mercy

set up

do harm to

1.This kind of bird is _______ in the world.

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Unit4 Wildlife Protection

答案:dying out 2.Leave him _________;he’s trying to work. 答案:in peace 3.If the students who study English do not _________ listening,speaking,writing or reading,they cannot learn it well. 答案:pay attention to 4.A working party has been _________ to look into the problem. 答案:set up 5.A(H1N1)Flu broke out in Mexico;________ ,the trip there was cancelled. 答案:as a result 6.He is ____________ losing his job if he goes on like this. 答案:in danger of 7.Umbrellas are commonly used to ______ people _______ rain. 答案:protect; from 8.___________,the car was not seriously damaged. 答案:Much to our relief 9.In the past people in Africa hunted elephants __________. 答案:without mercy 10.It goes without saying that work without rest will _________ our health. 答案:do harm to

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