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2013届高三英语课本知识梳理Module1 Unit 1 Friendship


2013届高三英语课本知识梳理 Module1 Unit 1 Friendship

1. add v. 增加,添加;补充说

热点单词

If the tea is too strong, add some more hot water.
如果茶太浓了,再加点开水。

add up 合计;计算
Many small victories add up to a big one.

积小胜为大胜。

add up sth./add sth. up 把……加起来

add sth. to sth. 把……加到/进……里
add that… 补充说……

add up to 加起来共计/达(不用于被动语态)
add to 增加,增添

根据语境用add及其短语的适当形式填空
The president said it was not easy to manage a company, (1)_______ that the financial crisis (2)________ the difficulties. However, the dormitory for the workers must (3)________and they would (4)________ a toilet _______each room. The week before, he (5)_______all the expenses and the total

(6)______ more than 100,000 yuan.

根据语境用add及其短语的适当形式填空
【答案】

(1)adding(补充说)
(2)added to(增加)

(3)be added to (扩建)
(4)add to(把……加到……) (5)added up(把……加起来) (6)added up to(加起来的总和是,共计)

2. upset adj. 不安的;心烦意乱的 vt. 打乱,搅乱;

使不安;使心烦
Whenever coming across upset things, smile, because everything will pass in the end. 遇到烦恼的事,开颜笑笑,因为烦恼总会过 去的。

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子

(1)我把汤打翻在桌上了。 upset the soup I _____________ all over the table.
(2)他因考试不及格而感到沮丧。 was upset He _________ by his failure in the exam.

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (3)这件事使她如此心烦意乱,以致不能稍稍平静

一下来说明出了什么事。 so upset She was _______ by the accident that she couldn’t settle down long enough to explain just what
happened.

3. calm adj.平静的,镇静的 vt. & vi. (使)平静, (使)镇定
Sad and angry, Peter started aiming the stones into the lake, trying to calm himself down. 彼得又伤心又气恼,他把石头瞄准湖水扔了 进去,试图让自己冷静下来。

calm, quiet, still与silent calm 指无风浪或人的心情平静;临危镇静。
quiet 指没有声音,不吵闹。 still 指没有动作的状态,一动不动。 silent 指不做声,不讲话。

用calm, quiet, still, silent填空 silent (1)He remained ______about what happened. (2)Please stand ____ when I take your photo. still

(3)Soldiers all kept ______ though they were faced calm
with the danger of the earthquake. quiet (4)Please be _____. The baby is sleeping.

4. concern vt. (使)担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心; 关注;(利害)关系
The Chinese parents are so concerned about their children that they will do everything for them.

中国父母对孩子如此关心,以致他们愿为孩
子包办一切。

be concerned about/for/over 关心

be concerned with 与……有关的
have no concern for 对……毫不关心

as far as…be concerned 就……而言
concern oneself with 从事,参与 express / show deep concern for sb. 对某人十分关心

根据语境用concern的适当短语填空 Besides doing his research work, Professor Wang(1)______(从事)social work. For example, he

(2)______(关心)world peace and human progress. He
also makes it clear that his research work should

(3)_______(与……有关)the farmers' income because
(4)_______ ( 就 他 而 论 ), to increase the farmers' income is of greater importance than anything else.

根据语境用concern的适当短语填空 【答案】 (1)concerns himself with/in or is concerned with/in

(2)shows concern about/for or is concerned about/for
(3)be concerned with or concern

(4)as far as he is concerned

5. settle vt.安放,使定居,安排,解决 vi. 安家, 定居,停留 To settle down in this country you need to find a

permanent job.
要想在这个国家定居,你得找一份永久性的

工作。
settle down 舒适地坐下 settle sb. down (使)某人安静下来 settle (down ) to sth. 开始认真对待;静下心来做某事

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)他应该买幢房子安定下来。 settle down He should get a house and ___________. (2)他回来以后就安下心来学习。 settled down to He _____________ his studies after he came back. (3)那位演讲者试图让听众静下来。 settle the audience down The lecturer tried to______________________.

6. suffer vt.&vi. 遭受,忍受;经历 If one is prepared, one will be safe; if not, one

will suffer.
有备才能无患,无备必定吃亏。 suffering n. 痛苦,苦难 sufferer n. 受害者 suffer from 遭受;患病

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)病人现在仍然很痛苦。 is still suffering The patient _______________at present. (2)许多人恐高。 suffer from Many people __________ a great dread of heights.

热点短语 1. on purpose 故意地,有意地
In my opinion, he was late for class on purpose. 依我看,他是故意上课迟到的。

on purpose to do sth. 特地做某事
for/with the purpose of 为了……目的

accomplish/achieve/fulfil a purpose
达到目的

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)她为了学习音乐去了奥地利。 She went to Austria ___________ studying music. (2)我特地来这儿看你。 I came here ____________ see you. (3)他终于通过努力工作达到了他的目的。 He finally _____________ by working hard.

【答案】 (1) for/with the purpose of
(2) on purpose to

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)她为了学习音乐去了奥地利。 She went to Austria ___________ studying music. (2)我特地来这儿看你。 I came here ____________ see you. (3)他终于通过努力工作达到了他的目的。 He finally _____________ by working hard.

【答案】 (3) achieved his purpose

2. go through 经历,经受 They swear to go through the ups and downs of life together. 他们发誓要相偕走过人生的风风雨雨。

go through a hard time 经历了一段困难时期

go through the baggage 检查行李
go through the newspaper 浏览报纸 go through lots of money 花了很多钱

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)孩提时代,他经历了一个又一个的艰难困苦。 went through When he was a child, he ___________one hardship after another. (2)我们用完了我上周买的所有的信封。 gone through We've ___________ all those envelopes I bought last week. (3)读完这本书要多少时间? to go through How long will it take ____________the book?

3. set down 放下;记下;登记
Guidelines are set down to prevent problems from arising.

准则被制定,以防问题的发生。

set off 出发
set up 竖起,搭起;建立;创立 set out动身,出发;开始;陈列 set aside 保留,储蓄 set about doing sth. 着手,开始做某事

用适当的介词或副词填空 (1)宾馆经理给我们留出两间舒适的房间。 The hotel manager set _____ two pleasant rooms aside for us. (2)政府已经开始进行许多必要的改革。 out The government has set _____ to make many needed reforms. (3)有必要制定这些补充规则。 down It is necessary to set _____ these additional rules.

4. in order to 为了…… In order to improve his spoken English quickly,

he enrolled on an English training course in the
summer.

为了快速提高英语口语能力,他在暑假参加
了英语讲习班。

“为了……”的其他表达方式 so as to do sth. (不能用于句首) to do sth.

so that +句子(不能用于句首)
in order that+句子

根据汉语意思,完成英语句子 为了获得国内外的信息,我们每天收看中央 电视台的新闻。

(1)We watch CCTV news every day _________ get
information at home and abroad. (2)We watch CCTV news every day _________ we can get information at home and abroad. 【答案】(1) in order to/so as to/to (2) in order that/so that

根据汉语意思,完成英语句子 为了获得国内外的信息,我们每天收看中央 电视台的新闻。 (3)___________ we can get information at home and abroad, we watch CCTV news every day.

【答案】

In order that

5. at dusk在黄昏时刻 At dusk, a number of people gathered at the square.

傍晚时分,许多人聚集在广场。

at dawn 拂晓时

from dawn till dusk 从早到晚
at nightfall= at dusk 在黄昏时刻

5. at dusk在黄昏时刻 At dusk, a number of people gathered at the square.

傍晚时分,许多人聚集在广场。

at daybreak 在黎明时

at noon 在中午
at midnight 在午夜

用上面的短语完成句子 (1)他从天亮工作到天黑。 He works from dawn till dusk .

(2)天亮时我们开始了我们的旅程。 At daybreak we started on our journey. (3)黄昏时候街灯就亮了。 The street lights go on at dusk / nightfall .

6. get along / on with 与……相处;进展

He's a bit quicktempered, but not difficult to
get along with. 他只是脾气暴躁些,并不难相处。

get along / on with sb. 与某人相处

get along / on with sth. 进展/开展某事
get along / on well / nicely / badly with

与……处得好/不好;……进展顺利/不顺利
get along / on 进展;进行

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)在新公司他工作很顺利。 is getting on/along well He ____________________ in the new firm. (2)他为人诚恳,很好相处。 easy to get on/along with He is sincere and ______________________. (3)你儿子与其他孩子相处和睦吗? get on/along well with Did your son ___________________ other kids?

7. get /be tried of 对……厌倦 Although English is hard to learn, I'm not tired of it. 虽然英语难学,但是我不厌烦。

tire v. (使……)疲劳;(使……)疲倦

tired adj. 疲倦的;困倦的;厌倦的;陈旧的
tiring adj. 令人疲劳的; 令人厌烦的 tiresome adj. 令人疲劳的; 令人厌烦的

根据语境语义用恰当的介词或副词填空 I'm tired (1) ______ the travel and I'm tired(2) from out of _____, so I'm tired (3) ____travel.

热点句型 that there was a 1.I can well remember
time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿

的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。

There be a time/times when+句子,曾经…… 这是个由when 引导的定语从句,其先行词 是time。切记勿将此句中的when当作时间状语的

引导词。
There was a time when we took everything for

granted.
曾经我们认为一切理所当然。

完成句子
曾经我们一起共事。

when we worked together There was a time ________________________.

2. …it was the frist time in a year and a half
that I'd seen the night face to face…

……这是一年半以来我第一次目睹夜晚……

It was the first time + that 从句 ……某人第一

次做某事。
此句式主句的谓语是现在时,从句的谓语用

现在完成时;主句的谓语是过去式时,从句的谓
语用过去完成时。 It was the first time that I had been to the Summer Palace. 这是我第一次去颐和园。

(1)is; has paid a visit to

(2)was; had seen

完成句子

(1)这是总统第一次访问中国。
It _____ the first time that the president______ China.

(2)那是我最后一次看到珍妮, 我最好的朋友。
That ______ the last time that I _______ (see) Jane, my best friend. 【答案】 (1)is; has paid a visit to

(2)was; had seen

由一个主语和一个谓语动词所组成的句子是

简单句。谓语动词有及物动词、不及物动词和连
系动词之分。正是谓语动词的特点决定着句子的

不同结构。学习这些基本句型要从动词入手,因
为不同类型的动词要求不同的句型。根据各类动 词的不同结构,简单句分为以下五种基本类型:

1.主语+谓语(S +Vi.) 这种句型简称为主谓结构,其谓语一般都是 不及物动词。 Things change. 事物是变化的。 2.主语+连系动词+表语(S+V.+ P) 这种句型称为主系表结构,其实连系动词在

形式上也是一种谓语动词。
She became a lawyer. 她当了律师。

3.主语+谓语+宾语(S+Vt.+ O) 这种句型可称为主谓宾结构,它的谓语一般 多是及物动词。 We never beat children. 我们从来不打孩子。 4.主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语(S+Vt.+ IO+DO) 这种句型可称为主谓宾宾结构,其谓语应是 可带双宾语的及物动词,两个宾语一个是间接宾 语,一个是直接宾语。 He gave the book to his sister. 他把这本书给了他的妹妹。

5.主语+谓语+宾语+宾补(S +Vt.+O+OC) 这种句型可简称为主谓宾补结构,其补语是

宾语补足语,与宾语一起即构成复合宾语。
I found the book easy. 我发现这本书不难。

一、连词成句 1.happened, an, on the road, accident, just now 2.nor, he, speak, can, French, neither, English 3.English teacher, to, sent, we, flowers, the, on Teacher's Day, some

【答案】
1. An accident happened on the road just now.

2. He can speak neither English nor French.

一、连词成句 1.happened, an, on the road, accident, just now 2.nor, he, speak, can, French, neither, English 3.English teacher, to, sent, we, flowers, the, on Teacher's Day, some

【答案】
3. We sent some flowers to the English teacher on Teacher‘s Day.

一、连词成句 4.I, fast, felt, my, beating, very, heart 5.felt, fell, she, very, and, in the chair, tired, asleep 【答案】 4. I felt my heart beating very fast.

5. She felt very tired and fell asleep in the chair.

二、翻译下列句子 1.她昨天回家很晚。 2.他们成功地完成了计划。 3.这话听起来有道理。 【答案】 1. She went home very late yesterday evening.

2. They have carried out the plan successfully.
3. These words sound reasonable.

二、翻译下列句子 4.奶奶昨晚给我讲了一个有趣的故事。 5.我要请人把我的录音机修理一下。 【答案】 4. Grandma told me an interesting story last night. 5. I'll get my recorder mended.


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