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句子成分练习题


句子成分和代词练习题
1. 指出下列句中主语的中心词(4 分, 4 分钟) ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. 2 选出句中谓语的中心词(10 分, 10 分钟) ① I don't like the picture on the wall. A. don't B. like C. Picture D. wall ② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. A. get B. longer C. days D. summer ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? A. Do B. usually C.go D. bus ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. A. will be B. meeting C. the library D. afternoon ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast?A.Did B. twins C. have D. breakfast ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday.A. Tom B. didn't C. do D. his homework ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. A. want B. to tell C. you D. is ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. A. We B. had C. send D. doctor ⑨ He is interested in music. A. is B. interested C. in D. music ⑩ Whom did you give my book to? A. give B.did C. whom D. book 3 挑出下列句中的宾语(10 分,10 分钟) ① My brother hasn't done his homework.② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. ④ How many new words did you learn last class? ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? ⑥ The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill. ⑦ They made him monitor of the class. ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. ⑨ You will find it useful after you leave school.

⑩ They didn't know who "Father Christmas" really is. 4 挑出下列句中的表语(5 分, 5 分钟) ① The old man was feeling very tired. ② Why is he worried about Jim? ③ The leaves have turned yellow. ④ Soon They all became interested in the subject. ⑤ She was the first to learn about it. 5 挑出下列句中的定语(6 分,6 分钟) ① They use Mr, Mrs with the family name.② What is your given name? ③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3. ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. ⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. ⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe! 6 挑出下列句中的宾语补足语(6 分, 6 分钟) ① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. ② He asked her to take the boy out of school.④ They call me Lily sometimes. ③ She found it difficult to do the work. ⑤ I saw Mr Wang get on the bus. ⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now? 7 挑出下列句中的状语(8 分, 8 分钟) ① There was a big smile on her face.② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ He began to learn English when he was eleven. ④ The man on the motorbike was travelling too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, Miss Li hurried off. ⑥ She loves the library because she loves books. ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. ⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. 8 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语(5 分, 5 分钟) ① Please tell us a story.② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen.Give it to Tom.⑤ Did he leave any message for me?

.阅读下列短文,根据语境从括号内选择正确的代词形式 “Without the ball,I’m half complete of 1.____________ (myself,my), ” Luis Figo,one of the world’s greatest football players,once said. The Portuguese played 2.____________(his,him)first international match in 1991 at the age of 18 and has kept scoring ever since. He reached a new mark on February 18th by playing his one hundredth match for his national team in a friendly match against England.A crowd of more than 30,000 fans watched and cheered for 3.____________(him,them)in Lisbon.“Figo ! Figo !” 4. ____________(all , any)shouted excitedly when he walked onto the field. The Read Madrid player, 31, wants to help his country in Euro 2004 and to win 5. ____________(another , other)Spanish Cup with Real Madrid.Madrid bought Figo from FC Barcelona for 82.4 million US dollars in 2000 ,and he showed 6. ____________(everyone , anyone)what a great player he was by winning FIFA’S Footballer of the Year award in 2001. “Figo works like an artist and has the skills to be the most complete player , ” said FIFA President Joseph Blatter in 2001.Figo 7.

____________(himself,he)is a real leader 8.____________(who,which)always tries his best on the field and a good team player.He doesn’t have any problems working together with his teammates at Real Madrid,star footballer David Beckham.In fact,Figo was the first 9.____________(one,some) to welcome Beckham when he arrived.“We have a strong team,and we can help each 10. ____________(other,another)and work together to be successful.”Figo said.

答案:1.myself

2.his

3.him

4.All

5.another

6.everyone 7.himself 8.who 9.one 10.other

答案 ① teacher ② man ③ dictionary ④ To do (二)① B② A ③ C ④ A ⑤ C ⑥ C ⑦ D ⑧ C⑨ A⑩ A (三)①homework. ②English. ③attention ④words ⑤to go swimming ⑥ he was ill.⑦ him monitor⑧bridge museum⑨ it school. ⑩ who"Father Christmas"really is (四)①tired.②worried ③yellow.④interested ⑤the first (五)① family②given③third ④ some ⑤downstairs⑥ of the other shoe! (六)①to read newspapers and books ②to take the boy ③ difficult④ Lily ⑤ get on the bus ⑥ playing football (七)① on her face. ②Every night ③ when he was eleven. ④ too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm ⑥ because she loves books. ⑦ if you’ve lost it ⑧ to see the other machine. (八)① us, 间接宾语 a story, 直接宾语② me, 间接宾语 a new bike, 直接宾语 ③ us, 间接宾语 history, 直接宾语 ④ Tom, 间接宾语 it, 直接宾语 ⑤ me, 间接宾语 message, 直接宾 语


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