当前位置:首页 >> 高一英语 >> 定语从句讲解 适合高一新生

定语从句讲解 适合高一新生


语法梳理



定语从句

1.属性: 形容词性从句 属性: 属性 2.分类: 限制性与非限制性 分类: 分类 3.作用: 做定语,起修饰, 作用: 做定语,起修饰, 作用 限制作用 4.构成要素:先行词与引导词 构成要素:先行词与 构成要素 5. 考查要点:引导词的选择 考查要点:

引导词的选择: 引导词的选择: 1. This is the pen which/that I wrote _____ the letter with. 2. Have you seen the film “Titanic”, whose leading actor is world-famous? _____ 3. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation where he is likely to lose _____ control over the plane.

4. We are living in an age when _____ many things are done on computer. why 5. No one knew the reason _____ he was absent. 6. We will be shown around the city: schools, museums and some other where places, _____ other visitors seldom go.

小结1: 当先行词为物 引导词可以是 可以是: 小结 当先行词为物时引导词可以是:

that/which/whose/when/why/where
比较: 比较 1. that 与 which 1.) Jim passed the driving test, which _____ surprised everybody in the office. which 2.) This is the pen with _____ I wrote the letter.

Exercises: 1. You should hand in all _____ you that have. that 2. This is the very book _____ I am looking for. 3. This is the most interesting film that _____ I have ever seen.

4. This train is the last _____ will go to that Suzhou. 5. Do you know the things and persons that _____ they are talking about? that 6. Which is the bike _____ you lost? 7. Shanghai is no longer the city _____ that it used to be.

8. I was given three books on cooking, the first _____ I really enjoyed. A.of that C. that B. of which D. which

9. She was educated at Beijing University, _____ she went on to have her advanced study abroad. A. after which B. from which C. from that D. after that

比较2. 比较 when与which/that 与 1.) Do you still remember the days _____ which/that /不填 we spent together? 不填 2.) Do you still remember the days _____ we lived on the farm? when 3.) Do you still remember the days which/that should be treasured _____ by both of us?

小结2: 时间的先行词 小结 表时间的先行词 引导词可以是 when /which / that /不填 关 不填 键取决于先行词在从句 键取决于先行词在从句 中所做的成分。 中所做的成分。

Exercise: 1. The film brought the hours back to me _____ I was taken good care of in when that far-away village.

which I’ll tell 2. Anyway, that evening, _____
you more about later, ended up staying at Rachel’s place. 3. I will never forget the days _____ brought me so many pleasant memories.

that/which

比较3: 比较 where 与which/that /不填 不填
1. Do you still remember the chicken farm which/that /不填 we visited _____ 不填 three months ago? 2. If a shop has chairs where women _____ can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. which 3. He was born in a tiny village / that is _____ known for the beautiful scenery.

小结3: 地点的先行 小结 :表地点的先行 词引导词可以是: 词引导词可以是: where/which/that/不填。 不填。 不填 也取决于先行词 先行词在 也取决于先行词在从 句中所做的成分。 所做的成分 句中所做的成分。

Exercise:
1. The place _____ the bridge is supposed to be built should be _____ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.

A. which; where B. at which; which C. at which; where D. which; in which

2. York, _____ last year, is a nice old city. A. that I visited B. which I visited C. where I visited D. in which I visited

3. I can think of many cases _____ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. that B. which C. as D. where

比较4: 比较 why 与 which/that/不填 不填 1. Is this the reason which/that /不填 _____ 不填
he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? 2. I have never dined with you, sir; and I see no reason _____ I should know. why 3. No one would believe his reason for his absence which/that sounded _____ quite unreasonable.

小结4: 小结 :

能够用到引导词 能够用到引导词why的先行词 引导词 的 只有reason。why 还与 还与for 只有 。 which通用。如果先行词在从 通用。 通用 句中做主语或宾语 主语或宾语, 句中做主语或宾语,引导词应 选择which /that 或不填 选择

1. This is Mr. White, _____ I think has who something interesting to tell you. 2. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them whom came up to us, to _____ we gave some bells and glasses. have known for a long time.

who/ 3. Jack is one of my old friends, _____ I whom who/that/ 4. The man whom/不填 you met in the _____不填
supermarket is a famous poet.

whose 5. I know the boy _____ father works in New York.

小结: 当先行词是人 小结 当先行词是人时, 引导词可以是: 引导词可以是 who/that/whom/whose

比较1: 比较 who与that 与 who 1. )I want this man, _____ can speak English. who 2. )God helps those _____ help themselves. who 3. ) He _____ does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man. who 4. ) Anybody _____ knows the answer, please put up your hand.

5.John is the most excellent teacher that _____ I have ever known. that 6. He is no longer the man _____ he used to be. that 7. Who is the man _____ spoke to you just now?

小结1: 小结 :

当先行词为人时, 当先行词为人时,前边 已经有who为避免重复后 已经有 为避免重复后 边宜用that;当先行词在 边宜用 ; 主句中做表语 表语且在从句 主句中做表语且在从句 中也做表语宜用that。 表语宜用 中也做表语宜用 。

比较2: 比较 :who/that与whom 与 who/ 1. I met John _____ told me the news. that whom 2. This is the man with _____ my father works. who/that/ 3. Do you know the boy whom/不填 _____ 不填 I referred to just now?

几个特别的定语从句: 几个特别的定语从句: 时引导词可以是in 一:先行词为way时引导词可以是 先行词为 时引导词可以是 which/that /不填 不填 in which 1. I don’t like the way that/不填 _____ 不填 you treat her. that/which 2. Do you like the way _____ he thought of of solving the problem?

先行词被the same /such修饰;引 修饰; 二.先行词被 先行词被 修饰 导词可以用as和 导词可以用 和that This is the same pen as I lost. This is the same pen that I lost. He is such an honest boy as we all like. He is such an honest boy that we all like him.结果状语从句 结果状语从句

三:as与which 引导的非限制性定语 与 从句。 从句。

As is known to everybody, the
moon travels round the earth once every month. The moon travels round the earth once every month, which/as is known to everybody.

He turned out first in the competition, as was expected.

He turned out first in the competition, which was quite unexpected.


赞助商链接
更多相关文档:

高一英语定语从句讲解

高一英语定语从句讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一...通过判断主句表达的全部意义来确定合适的介词; 四、...句义:在新年晚会上,我的学生们表演的英文剧取得了...

高一定语从句讲解

高一定语从句讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一定语从句 unit1&2 that: 可指人或物;可作主语,宾语。 指人时,相当于 who 或 whom; 指物时,相当于 which ...

2017高一英语定语从句讲解

2017高一英语定语从句讲解 - 定语从句讲解 1.定语从句:复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase w...

高一英语语法定语从句归纳详解

高一英语定语从句的归纳详解一.几个基本概念 1.定语从句的定义:用作定语的从句叫定语从句。 2.先行词:被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词。 3.定语从句的位置:紧跟...

人教版高一定语从句详解

人教版高一定语从句详解 - 定语从句 定语从句在句中充当定语是修饰名词的主谓结构,必须有先行词,在定语从句中,引导词必须充当 成分 1. 关系代词,关系副词(1)指...

【高一同步教程】高中英语必修1定语从句用法讲解及练习

高一同步教程】高中英语必修1定语从句用法讲解及练习 - 【高一同步教程】高中英语必修 1 语法:定语从句用法讲解及练习 第一讲:关系代词引导的定语从句 一、概述 ...

高中英语定语从句讲解

高中英语定语从句详解 1)three signs that indicate a person is suffering from a panic attack rather than a heart attack 三种意味着一个人是患有惊恐症而不...

高一定语从句讲解

21页 1下载券 高一定语从句讲解经典1 47页 2下载券喜欢此文档的还喜欢 2014新...第六讲 填上合适的关系代词或关系副词 A country is a nation ___ has its...

高一定语从句讲解

高一定语从句讲解 (一) 、功能:相当于形容词,修饰名词或代词,在句中作定语 一: 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词 二: 关系代词:用来连接定语从句,并在从句中...

课件高一英语定语从句讲解

高一定语从句讲解 第一讲 1、功能:相当于形容词,修饰名词或代词,在句中作定语 定语从句的结构:先行词+关系词+句子剩余部分 一: 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的词...

更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com