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备战 2011 高考各地模拟题分类汇编:完形填空说明文篇 A
[2010·高考冲刺预测卷(全国卷 II)] 词数:291 体裁:说明文 难度:4 Mobile phones are everywhere. It seems that no one can are a great way to stay there are certain being during 25 24 . 26 you should feel the need to have your mobile phone during class. 27 .If you are in class, you should not be 28 your friends 22 with friends and family. 23 21 without one. Mobile phones

it is important to remember that

when you should not be using your phone, the most important of these

There is no reason Aren’t you at school to

text messages or taking phone calls. In America students would never be were to send or 30 29 to use their mobile phones during class. If you

a text message you would probably be kicked out of class. It is OK to 31 . It is very disturbing

have your mobile phone with you, you just need to remember to turn it to hear a lot of tones and 32 during class.

As a teacher in China, I have to deal with students told my class to turn off their phones, connected all the time seems to be

33 mobile phones everyday. I have

34 many students do not listen. The desire to be

35 than the desire to learn.

It’s easy to understand why it is so tempting(诱惑人的)to have your phone on during class. It seems so 36 to just send a short text message; it’s not 37 anyone, is it? But you 38 your

may actually be hurting yourself when you do this. Sending a text message also attention away from what’s 39 in class, you may miss

40 important. The next time you think

about sending a message in class you should think again. 21. A. survive 22. A. friendly 23. A. Instead B. act B. close B. However C. study C. connected C. Sometimes D. peak D. natural D. Finally

24. A. times 25. A. shopping 26. A. when 27. A. play 28. A. sending 29. A. hoped 30. A. keep 31. A. on 32. A. ringing 33. A. thinking 34. A. and 35. A. faster 36. A. cheap 37. A. hurting 38. A. pays 39. A. coming on 40. A. everything

B. days B. meeting B. that B. learn B. writing B. wished B. help B. in B. sound B. using B. so B. stronger B. hard B. meeting B. puts B. going through B. something

C. hours C. rest C. why C. help C. posting C. allowed C. take C. out C. voice C. considering C. but C. lower C. easy C. knowing C. breaks C. going on C. anything

D. weeks D. school D. where D. fight D. retaining D. encouraged D. receive D. off D. shouts D. bringing D. then D. easier D. brave D. killing D. takes D. coming by D. nothing

【文章大意】手机给人们带了沟通上的方便。可是对于学生而言,把手机拿到课堂上发信息和打电话 会严重影响学习和课堂秩序。 作者以一位教师的身份阐释了手机给学生们带来的巨大魅力和学习上的影响。 21.A 根据文章首句可知,手机随处可见,对人们的影响是巨大的,本题中的 survive 意为“存活, 幸免于难”与语境相符。 22. C 此处 stay connected with sb. “与某人保持联系”。 friendly“友好的”; close“亲近的”; natural“自然的”。 23.B 前句说到手机是人们的交流工具,后一句就提出了它的劣势,因此根据该空的逻辑关系可以判 断出前后为转折关系。However“然而”,与语境相符。

24.A 根据句意和常识理解,手机虽然是人们必不可少的交流手段,但是某些时候手机也是应该限制 使用的。certain times“某些时候”。该空所在的这句话就是引出下文。 25.D 根据第二段中“at school,in class”等词可以判断作者要引出的话题是手机在校园中被使用 的某些情况。 26.C There is no reason why?意为“做某事没有原因”。 27.B 根据下一句话“If you are in class,you should not be 43 your friends text messages or taking phone calls.”可知,学生在学校就是该学习,作者用反问的方式进行了语气上的强调,句意 为:“难道你在学校不是为了学习吗?” 28.A 作为学生,课堂上发送信息是不应该的。send text messages“发信息”。postin9“邮寄”; writing“写”;retaining“保持”。 29.C 句意为:“在美国学生是不允许在课上使用手机的。”根据下文提示可知,这为一项规定,be allowed to do“被允许做某事”。 30.D 上文中提到美国学生不许将手机带人课堂,而且该空与 send 相对应,故填入 receive 意为“接 收短信”。 31.D turn off“关闭”;turn on “打开”;根据下文的“It is very disturbing to hear a lot of tones and47during class. ”可知,只有手机关掉才不打扰别人。 32A 通过上下文可知, 在课上把手机关掉才能听不到令人厌烦的声音和铃声。 Ringing 在此处为名词性 质,即“铃声”。 33B 根据常识可知,作者作为一名教师,肯定会处理学生每天使用手机的情况。Consider“考虑,认 为”,用在该空不符合句意。Use mobile phones“使用手机”。 34C 根据上文可知教师让孩子们关掉手机,可是在下文中提到了很多学生根本不听。这就说明上下文 为转折关系,故用 but。 35B 通过本段中所讲内容可以推断出,孩子们更热衷于用手机取得联系或是被联系,因此作者认为对 孩子们来说“用手机随时联系的欲望比上课的欲望更强烈。”其余几项均与语境不符。 36.C 根据上下文的行文逻辑判断,作者再次利用反问的形式进行了语气上的强调表明自己的态度。

句意为:“似乎在课上发条短信是很简单的事情,不会伤害别人,是吗?” 37.A 根据下句中的“?be hurting yourself when?”提示可知。 38.D 该句意为:“当你真地在课上发信息的话,这一行为会害了自己,因为它会将你的注意力从课 堂上带走。”take“带走,拿走”与语境相符。 39.C come on“加油,过来”;go on“进行,进展”;go through“通过”;come by“过去”。

由语境知选 C 项。 40.B 联系上文可知,如果学生在课上将注意力集中在玩手机上,这样的话就会错过课上的一些重要 的知识,并不是全部知识。 B [2010·河南示范性高中五校 4 月联考] 词数:333 体裁:说明文 难度:4 People do not analyse every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a solution from the last time they had a 36 problem. They often accept the opinion or ideas of other people.

Other times they begin to act without 37 ; they try to find a solution by trial and error. However, when all of these methods 38 , the person with a problem has to start analysing. There are six 39 in analysing a problem. 40 , the person must recognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam’s bicycle is broken, and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must 41 that there is a problem with his bicycle. Next the person must 42 the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must know why it does not work. For example, he must 43 the parts that are wrong. Now the person must look for 44 that will make the problem clearer and lead to 45 solutions. For example, suppose Sam 46 that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the brakes. 47 , he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about brakes, talk to his friends at the bike shop, or look at his brakes carefully.

After 48 the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution. Take Sam as an example 49 , his suggestions might be: tighten or loosen the brakes; buy new brakes and change the old ones. In the end, one 50 seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the 51 idea comes quite 52 because the thinker suddenly sees something in a 53 way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees there is a piece of chewing gum stuck to a brake. He immediately hits on the solution to his problem: he must 54 the brake. Finally the solution is 55 . Sam does it and finds his bicycle works perfectly. In short he has solved the problem. 36. A. serious 37. A. practice 38. A. fail 39. A. ways 40. A. First B. usual B. thinking B. work B. conditions B. Usually . similar . understanding . change . stages . In general . show . describe . correct C. explanation C. real C. decides B. Once in a while D. At this time B. settling down B. again C. comparing with C. also C. decision D. studying D. common D. help D. develop D. orders D. Most importantly D. see D. face D. recover D. information D. special D. suggests

41. A. explain B. prove 42. A. judge 43. A. check 44. A. answers 45. A. possible 46. A. hopes B. find B. determine B. skills B. exact B. argues

47. A. In other words C. First of all 48. A. discussing 49. A. secondly

D. alone D. discovery

50. A. suggestion B. conclusion

51. A. next

B. clear

C. final C. clearly C. quick C. loosen C. tested

D. new D. often D. sudden D. remove D. accepted

52. A. unexpectedly B. late 53. A. simple 54. A. clean B. different B. separate

55. A. recorded B. completed

【文章大意】只是一篇说明文,通过举例说明了解决问题的六大步骤。文章浅显易懂,逻辑性强。 36C 人们不总是对遇到的每一个问题进行分析。 他们往往试图记起上次遇到与之相似的问题时的解决办法。 37B 此处 without thinking 意为:不假思索,可根据 by trial and error(反复试验)判断。 38A 从上下句的关系看,它们是转折关系。当这些方法都失败后他们就会开始分析。 39C 此处 stage 的意思是“步骤”。分析问题有六个步骤。 40A 上文中提到分析问题有六个步骤,自然这是第一个步骤。 41D 此处 see 在这句话中意为:明白。当 Sam 的自行车不能正常使用时,他应该明白自行车出了毛病。 42B 要解决问题,当然要找到问题所在。 43B 第二步要找到问题所在,所以选 determine“测定,找出”,与 find out 意思相同。 44D 根据下文 Sam 所做的事情可知,要了解问题的相关信息才能修理,所以选 information。 45A 了解相关信息,使问题明朗化,寻求可能的解决办法。 46C 结合逻辑在修自行车之前,要先“确定”是自行车的那个部件出了问题。 47D 当 Sam 是自行车的闸出了问题之后, 这时他就可以进一步采取措施了。 此处 at this time 的意思是“这 时”;In other words 换句话说; Once in a while 偶尔;First of all 首先。 48D 研究了问题后(人们)就可能提出一些解决建议。此处 study 不仅有“学习”的意思,还有“研究” 的意思。 49B 仍然以 Sam 修自行车为例,所以填 again。 50A 其中一个建议会解决问题。 51C 最终的解决方法有时来得出人意料。 52A 见上文解析。

53B 因为想解决问题的人突然发现了一些东西,直接就找到了症结所在,而这这种方法与上文所述是不同 的。 54A 去掉口香糖的方法是清理车闸。 55C 只有经过检验,才能证明解决问题的方法的正确性。



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