马鞍山市 2016 年高中毕业班教学质量监测 英语试题
第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A Most of my friends are moving outside the city.. to avoid the noise, smog, traffic, and crime of the city. One friend says, "The air is heavily polluted in the city, so I prefer to live outside, where the air is clean." Another friend is unpleased with the traffic, "Downtown is crowded with cars! You can't find a parking place, and the traffic jams are terrible." Everyone is worried about crime, "The city is full of criminals-it's too dangerous." For them, the rural(乡村的) life is a cure for all problems, green grass, flowers, swimming pools, barbecues, and so on. Yet after they have lived there for a year or so, they realize that rural life is not so pleasant as they were expecting. Why? Their gardens！ They soon learn that the main part of rural life is yard work . After they work all weekend in their gardens, they're too tired to swim in their pools or cook some meat on their barbecues. And they can't live in the countryside without a car. Most of them moved to the countryside to avoid traffic, but now they're blocked on a busy freeway two hours every day to drive to work downtown. My opinions about urban life are different-I love to live downtown! Why? First, in the city, I can enjoy nature. I can walk through the park. smell the flowers, sit on the grass and visit the animals in the zoo. Yet I don't have to do yard work or feed the animals. Also, I can get everywhere by bus; if there is a traffic jam, I can walk home. I think the criminal life will reflect changes in society too; if people are buying homes outside the city, the criminals will soon follow. Criminals want to avoid noise, smog, and pollution, too. Then, overcrowding and crime will be problems of the suburbs instead of the city! 21. The first paragraph is used to _ . . A. list some figures B. make comparisons C. lead to the topic . D. give suggestions 22. What did those moving outside think of their life in the city? A. Cosy. B. Convenient. C. Colorful. D. Crowded. 23. What is the major problem for those who live in the countryside? A. Being far from downtown. B. Having gardens to take care of. C. Failing to find parking lots. D. Suffering heavy traffic on the road. . 24. What is the author's attitude to his city life? A. Approving.. B. Ambiguous. C. Grateful. D. Doubtful. B For most people, Christmas is a time to relax in the company of family and friends. But for Santa Claus, and the thousands of fake Santas who impersonate（模仿） him every year, the Christmas season is time to get to work. Although Santa Claus waits until Christmas Eve to take his famous sleigh ( 雪橇 ) ride, Santa impersonators can be found at shopping malls around America throughout the six weeks leading up to December 25. "When you see Santa talking with kids at your local mall, that's when you know Christmas really is on the way," says Mary Lewine of New York City. With the excitement of Christmas, people often forget about the real people behind the red robes （长袍) and white beards, but being a mall Santa is a tough job. "There is more to it than just sitting in a chair. There is more to it than just a red suit," said Timothy Connaghan, who has worked as a Santa for 38 years. "Children can really put the wear and tear on you.” A recent survey showed some of the challenges that mall Santas face every year. About 90 percent of
Santas claimed that children pulled their beards to see if they were real, and 60 percent said that up to ten kids cough or sneeze on them every day. Even more disturbing, one-third of the Santas admit to having children wet themselves while sitting on their laps. So why would anyone take this job? For Ben Brauch, a retired high school teacher who has worked as a Santa for the last six years, the answer is simple-the children. “I see maybe 12,000 kids in a six-week period.” It's hard work, but it's worth it because you get to play with kids." In fact, Brauch loves his job so much that he keeps his white beard long all year. 25. According to Timothy Connaghan, we can conclude that ________. A. all children are moved to tears when seeing Santa B. a mall Santa is always sitting in a chair C. a mall Santa tolerates a lot during Christmas D. Santa impersonators are greatly admired 26. The underlined word "claimed" in the 4th paragraph probably means “ ” A: hesitated B. stated C. worried D. insisted 27. Why does Ben Brauch love his job of Santa impersonator? A. Because he can keep his white beard long all year. B. Because he as nothing else to do after retiring. C. Because he can earn a large sum of money. D. Because he enjoys playing with children. 28. What is the best title of the text? A. Santa impersonators during Christmas B. The coming Christmas C. Shopping malls in America D. A disturbing job C Two girls living next door to each other-a seemingly plain scene that has two very different life .stories behind it. Chi Zhen, an 18-year-old student in Seville, Spain, used his camera to tell the story of two lives, which went widespread online. Comments on the photos indicate that they have inspired many, to believe that the future is in their own hands. Chi has seen many youths living life without a goal, wasting their time and blaming bad luck for it. Feeling regret for them, he took a series of photos of his friends Veronica and Anna Maria, both freshmen at the University of Seville in Spain. They live completely different life styles and are getting opposite results. Chi hopes the photos will inspire those who have let go of their own fate (命运). In the photos, Anna Maria, a Spanish girl, can be seen watching a TV programme . She spends most of her time in front of her laptop. She rarely goes out, because she thinks she's not attractive and doesn't know what to say in social situations. "'I'm not as lucky as Veronica," she often says. But she doesn't know that while she's wasting time watching TV, Veronica, the "lucky" girl next door, has taught herself four foreign languages and traveled to many places. She goes to the library frequently and her extensive knowledge and experience allow her to take part in any conversation and become the center of attention. Chi thinks that Anna Maria resembles many of his Chinese friends who study abroad. They are trapped to their little circles, never trying to change their fate. 'They say 'maybe I'll do it in my next life', but they are in their 20s, their best time. How can they give up hope and accept this as their life?" Chi says. The influence of the photos has gone far beyond what Chi expected. One user commented on his photos on Renren.com, saying, "A wall separates two worlds, and the life we have depends on what we do." Another is determined to make a change right away. "I'm turning off my laptop and not watching TV anymore," he wrote. 29. What would be the best title of the text? A. A lucky dog in social circles B. Comments on the photos C. A photo separates two worlds . D. Tales of two opposite lives 30. It can be concluded from the widespread photos online that _ ' A. life one has depends on what one does B. Anna is an attractive girl with a goal
C. Veronica is much luckier than Anna D. Chi wastes his time in taking photos 31. According to the text, Veronica _. A. likes watching TV programmes B. seldom chats with others C. is often the centre of attention D. lets go of her own fate 32. Many of Chi's Chinese friends who study abroad ________ A. determine to make a change right away B. like to travel to different places of interest C. believe they will do better in next life D. are more willing to live in little circles ' D The UN weather agency warned on Tuesday there was a good chance of an "El Nino" climate phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean this year, bringing droughts（干旱） and heavy rainfall to the rest of the world. The World Meteorological (气象的) Organization (WMO) said its modeling suggested a "fairly large potential for an El Nino, most likely by the end of the second quarter of 2016". The El Nino phenomenon occurs every two to seven years, when the trade winds that circulate surface water in the tropical (熟带的) Pacific start to weaken.WMO pointed out Tuesday that since last December, trade winds had weakened and there had been a significant warming of the waters below the surface in the central Pacific. “While there is no guarantee this situation will lead to an El Nino event, the longer the trade winds remain weakened, and subsurface temperatures stay significantly warmer than average, the higher chances are," it said. Two thirds of climate models predicted that the phenomenon would begin sometime between June and August, with one-fifth suggesting it could start as early as May, and the remaining predicting no El Nino this year, it said. It is often followed by a return swing of La Nina, which is characterized by unusually cool ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific. "El Nino has an important warming effect on global average temperatures," Jarraud cautioned, stressing that combined with warming from greenhouse gases such events had "the potential to cause a sharp rise in global average temperature". 33. It can be inferred from the first two paragraphs that -' A. a weather agency warned an "El Nino" would appear on Tuesday B. WMO showed an El Nino would probably happen by June in 2016 C. an El Nino would bring heavy rainfall to the Pacific Ocean D. The phenomenon of El Nino happens every seven years 34. What does the underlined phrase "this situation" in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. Cool ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific. B. A significant warming of the waters below the surface in the central Pacific. C. Trade winds that circulate surface water in the Pacific. D. Heavy rainfall in different areas all over the world. 35. According to the text, what might be the percentage of no "El Nino" this year? A.13%. B.20%. C.67%. D.87%. 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Cold blesses us all It's November, the time of year when people often get blessed more. This is not because God likes cold weather, nor because others are feeling generous with. Thanksgiving just around the corner. 36 Colds and the flu are 'the most common illnesses people get in autumn and winter as the weather gets colder. They are all caused by viruses, but colds are generally milder-you'll feel annoyed but not as if you want to die.
Teenagers catch average six to ten colds a year, according to statistics from the Ministry of Health, while adults average two to four. More than 200 viruses cause cold symptoms. 37 You can be contagious （传染的）one day before symptoms develop and for up to five days after becoming sick. The signature symptom of a cold is a runny nose. The flu will make you burn with fever, ache all over, feel extremely tired and cough intensely. The flu can sometimes lead to more serious diseases, such as pneumonia. __ 38 .A doctor can test you to see whether you have the flu in the first few days of the illness. But some treatments for both are pretty much the same: ● 3 9 Many doctors consider water a weapon against the common cold. It helps your blood drive off viruses and flood them out. ●Keep warm. You might be cold one minute and hot the next, and wearing several layers is ver3r important. ●Wash your hands frequently. You don't want to make it worse by spreading the flu to everyone else. Also, avoid sharing cups and eating utensils with other people. 40 But if your flu symptoms get worse, go to a hospital or clinic right away. A. You can pass on the flu before you even know you have it. B．Drink lots of water. C. Taking medicine on time is a good way to prevent the illness. D. "Bless you！"is a common response to sneezes, the symptom of catching a cold or the flu. E. Get lots of sleep and take it easy. F. Sometimes, it's hard to tell a cold from the flu based on symptoms alone. G. Most people who catch the flu get better without having to see their doctor. 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、 C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When was the last time you picked something up to read? You can 41 your answer on your lack of time if you must, but you are missing a lot of wonderful 42 of reading. Reading can 43 people's lives in some of the following ways: 44 and spiritually. Also, you can acquire 45 information and enrich your knowledge. Firstly, the activity of reading helps exercise your mind, 46 your mind begins to bend and flex （伸缩）mentally when reading. Just like taking physical exercise helps you keep slim, 47 reading routine ensures that the reading muscle stays iii good 48 .Keep on reading, and what you need is a 49 to make reading a part of your life. Secondly, reading can also improve your 50 to focus. Burying your head in a book can free you from your everyday troubles and 51 for a while. When the mind is trained, it begins to focus on what you are doing 52 you can forget those unpleasant things. That's why reading keeps you in good spirits. Thirdly, there is no greater. 53 .to getting information than through reading. You can 54 your mind greatly if you insist on reading. You can 55 the knowledge left by those who came before you, which has 56 changed your lives. Nearly all successful people will tell you that they have learned 57 things by reading and there is at least one book that has greatly changed their lives. In short, reading can help you to 58 a solid basis for your future, which will allow you to 59 many goals you have for your life. Reading 60 your success in the future. Start reading right now and you'll make it. 41.A.concentrate B. put C. blame D. pass 42.A.aims B. motivations C. traditions D. benefits 43.A.present B. improve C. assess D. prove 44.A.socially B. materially C. physically D. mentally
45.A.abundant 46.A．as 47.A.usual 48.A.size 49.A.barrier 50.A.ability 51.A.thrills 52.A.in case 53.A.answer ' 54.A.increase 55.A.take in 56.A.secretly 57.A.fewer 58.A.build 59.A.establish 60.A.results from
B. limited C. private D. absurd B．so C．or D．but B. regular 'C. common D. normal B. shape C. height D. weight B. force C. determination D. process B. decision C. strength D. position B. challenges C. excitements D. worries B. as if C. so that D. only if B. solution C. attitude D. approach B. explain C. expand D. express B. work out C. give up D.show off B. bravely C. purposely D. positively B. more C. worse D. easier B. offer C. apply D. put B .achieve C .imagine D. miss B. lies in C. contributes to .D. makes up 第二卷（非选择题满分 50 分）
注意事项： 第二卷共 2 页，须用黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上书写作答。如在试题卷上作答，答案无效。 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 More than half of all Chinese have a smartphone. They reach for it the moment they wake up, keeping it in hand all day. At 61 (party), more people are on their smartphones than on their drinks. In addition, too many people are using smartphones while 62 (drive). And as a result, many car accidents happen every day on the road. Drivers confirm that text messaging is their number one driving interruption. Smartphones are unbelievably becoming more important than the lives of 63 (them) and others. As many.people take risks just 64 (send)a text or check their messages, smartphones are 65 many ways very dangerous to people. The smartphone 66 (affect) our desire to communicate face to face with others. Besides, it is lowering people's competence to communicate. In many cases, some people check or send text messages in the presence of a friend , 67 means that the person they are texting is more important. Most 68 (serious), relying on smartphones to make friends does not give us 69 same advantage as making new friends in the real world. Face-to-face conversations will give us much 70 (strong) communication skills in the long run. 第四部分写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写韵以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言 错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词： ． 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Last weekend, I went to the nursing house with some volunteer to visit the elderly. On arriving at there,
we found some old people seating in the yard, expecting us. We went forward to greet them. Some of us chat with them happily, but others read newspapers for them. The scene looked so nicely. At 10：00, we put on performances, like singing and dancing. Then they played games together! How great fun it was! I had great day in the nursing house that day. As the elderly needs our love and care, I decide to visit them every month.
第二节书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是李华，在英国朋友 Toby 家里度过了愉快的两周。回国后，你打算给他写一封感谢信， 要点 如下： 1．感谢他的热情招待； 2．总结两周收获（如了解了英国文化，提高了英语听说能力等）； 3．邀请他明年来中国。 注意：1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯： 3．开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Toby, Yours, Li Hua
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