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福建省南安第一中学2014-2015学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题


南安一中 2014~2015 学年度下学期期末考

高一英语科试卷
本试卷考试内容为:高一英语。分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷,满分150分,考试时间 120分钟。 注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题纸上。 2.考生作答时,请将答案答在答题纸上,在本试卷上答题无效。按照题号在各题的答题 区域内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效。 3.答案使用 0.5 毫米的黑色中性(签字)笔或碳素笔书写,字体工整、笔迹清楚(英 语科选择题答案使用 2B 铅笔填涂,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号) 。 4.保持答题纸纸面清洁,不破损。考试结束后,将本试卷自行保存,答题纸交回。

第 I 卷(选择题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)
第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

共 100 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答有关小题和阅读下一小 题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What do we know about the woman? A. She has already read the newspaper. B. She is borrowing a newspaper from the man. C. She doesn’t want to lend the newspaper to the man. 2. What did the man want to be before he went to college? A. A teacher. B. A musician. C. An actor.

3. What did the woman do last Saturday? A. She attended a meeting. B. She travelled in Atlanta. C. She stayed at home.

4. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A party. B. A house. C. A dinner.

5. Why did the woman refuse to go to the cinema with Bob? A. She didn’t like him. B. She had quarreled with him. C. She was too tired that day.

第二节(共 15 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does the woman think of her job in the Peace Corps? A. It is enjoyable. B. It is boring. C. It is a waste of time.

7. What does the woman think is the most rewarding thing in the Peace Corps? A. Moving to a new office. B. Learning about another culture. C. Fitting into a different community. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What does the man want to buy? A. A pen. B. A book. C. A notebook.

9. How much sales tax does the man have to pay? A. About 4 cents. B. About 5 cents. C. About 9 cents.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where does the conversation take place? A. On a bus. B. On a train. C. On a plane.

11. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Change his seat with some kids. B. Take care of his children. C. Look after her children. 12. How does the man respond to the woman’s words? A. He accepts her request gratefully. B. He appreciates her very much. C. He refuses her request impolitely. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does Sally want to go? A. To the zoo. 14. What is Billy interested in? A. Boats. B. Operas. C. Animals. B. To the London Eye. C. To the Covent Garden.

15. What does the man suggest the woman do in London? A. Go shopping. B. Enjoy an opera. C. Visit her parents.

16. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Brother and sister. B. Husband and wife. C. Father and daughter.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

17. How many rooms are there in the speaker ’s house? A. 4. B. 8. C. 9.

18. What does the speaker ’s family usually do on Saturday afternoon in summer? A. They have a barbecue. B. They walk in the garden. C. They water flowers in the garden. 19. What can we learn from what the speaker said? A. He likes to stay outdoors. B. It’s very hot in summer in California. C. There are only two seasons in California. 20. What does the speaker ’s youngest son often play in summer? A. Basketball. B. Football. C. Baseball.

第二部分

阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。

A
Gordon Brown was born in Scotland in 1951. His childhood was a brilliant success because of his intellectual strength. He was accepted into middle school at 10. At 16 he became the youngest student at Edinburgh University. “At that time, he was a lucky boy, good at almost everything,” said his old friend Murray Elder. However, setbacks (挫折) fell on the brilliant boy. After a rugby injury, he became blind in his left eye. Before long, similar symptoms (症状) developed in his right eye. “I lay in the hospital bed in total darkness, uncertain about my future,” said Brown. Looking back into the past, Brown didn’t complain about his bad luck. He even said: “One door closes; you can’t play rugby any more, so you focus on other things.” Brown was interested in student politics in university, which helped a lot in his political career later in life. In 1997, Brown was made Chancellor of the Exchequer (财政大臣). He has succeeded in giving the country a high rate of employment and the longest period of economic growth in its history. Compared with his successful career, Brown’s family life is full of downs. He lost his first daughter ten days after her birth. His 1-year-old youngest son has a deadly disease. “These accidents make me appreciate my life more,” he said. 21. Gordon Brown was successful in his childhood because he _____. A. was very intelligent B. went to middle school at 10

C. played rugby very well

D. became the youngest student at Edinburgh University

22. When Gordon Brown looked back on the past, he _____. A. still had hope for the future C. believed that his door was closed B. wished that he had not played rugby D. felt very sad about his misfortune

23. Which of the following is TRUE about Gordon Brown? A. He didn’t like politics in university. B. He became Chancellor of the Exchequer at 48. C. He did a good job to improve the national economy. D. He didn’t do well for the country’s employment. 24. From the last paragraph, we learn that Brown’s family life _____. A. is as successful as his career. C. makes him upset about his life B If you saw another kid ride her bike too fast around a corner and fall down, you might ride your bike more slowly on that turn. Yes, we humans are very sensitive to others’ mistakes. And the same is true for other animals. Animals mess up all the time. They might eat poisonous leaves, fall off a tree or let their prey(猎物) escape. By watching others fail, an animal can avoid making the same mistakes, thus improving its chance of survival. Scientists believe that one part of the brain helps animals process information about others’ mistakes. Cells(细胞) in that part appear to become more active when a person sees someone else making a mistake. But researchers didn’t know whether individual cells in this part of the brain play different roles in discovering mistakes. To investigate(调查) the brain’s response(反应) to mistakes in more detail, the researchers taught a game to two macaques, a type of monkey. One monkey could press a yellow or green button while the other watched. If the first monkey pressed the right button, the team gave both animals a treat. Every couple of rounds, the two monkeys switched roles. Meanwhile, the scientists watched individual cells in the animal’s brains. When the first monkey messed up the game by pressing the wrong button, a group of cells in the second monkey’s brain fired. But if the second monkey also made the wrong choice during its turn, some of the cells in that group didn’t respond. Those unresponsive cells reacted specifically to mistakes made by others, not to the monkey’s own mistakes. Scientists believe other parts of the brain also might help people process information about another’s mistakes. “You start to think about this other person and see things from his angle.” Ellen de Brujin, told Science News. She studies the brain at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. B. is full of accidents D. is filled with good luck

25. According to Paragraph 1, animals’ ability to learn from others’ mistakes________. A. helps them to survive better B. used to be ignored by humans C. is being lost because of humans D. ensures that they will never fail 26. From the game the scientists taught to two macaques, we can see ______. A. animals can avoid the same mistakes B. which part of the brain is more active C. how the brain processes information. D. how the brain responds to mistakes 27. In the experiment mentioned, those unresponsive cells are only sensitive to _______. A. the same buttons C others’ mistakes B. the monkey’s brain D. one’s own mistakes

C
TOURNAMENT OF ROSES ----5 Days Los Angeles Day 1 Los Angeles. ( Sun. Dec. 30) Welcome to Los Angeles! This evening mixes with your traveling friends at the welcome reception. Day 2 Los Angeles. ( Mon. Dec. 31) Head to Pasadena for the always colorful ROSE BOWL FAMILY FESTIVAL and watch the floats (彩车)decorated with tens of thousands of flowers. This afternoon, you can take the included visit to the GETTY MUSEUM. This evening, join your travelling friends at a special New Year’s Eve DINNER AND DANCE GALA (盛会), complete with hats, party favors and live music. You’ll toast the New Year a little early tonight to consider an early morning departure (离开) to the Rose Parade. Day 3 Los Angeles. Tournament of Roses Parade ( Tue. Jan.1) Happy New Year! Get ready for one of the world’s most popular parades, and you’ll see it live! Globus has booked the GRANDSTAND SEATS at the beginning of the parade route for a good view. See the wonderful colorful floats, marching bands from around the world, and the famous people. Day 4 Los Angeles. ( Wed. Jan. 2) This morning view the individual floats in the POST PARADE VIEWING AREA. For many this is the most exciting part of the entire event. Be sure to bring your camera and plenty of film! Another special dinner tonight—a special GLOBUS FAREWELL CELEBRATION DINNER. Day 5 Los Angeles. ( Thu. Jan. 3)

The tour ends today, with tour guests departing on individual schedules. 28. What activity can visitors enjoy on Dec. 31? A. Tournament of Rose Parade. C. Post parade viewing area. B. A farewell celebration dinner. D A dinner and dance gala.

29. The underlined word “Globus” in Paragraph 3 refers to ________. A. the travel agency C. Los Angeles B. the local government D. Roses Parade

30. According to the passage, you should bring your camera on ________. A. Day 2. B. Day 4 C. Day 3 D. Day 5

31. You can most probably read the passage in a ________. A. textbook B. news report C. travel guide D Let’s face it: Teenagers spend hours texting, socializing on Facebook and playing video games. And it’s driving their parents nuts. Sure, there are real dangers connected with all this screen time—everything from cyberbullying( 网络欺凌 ) to couch-potato obesity. Not to mention driving while texting, and shortened attention spans(持续时间). Douglas Gentile, who studies the effects of media on children, says texting, Facebook and video games are not naturally bad. Nor are they naturally better or worse than watching TV, although they do lead to different risks, such as cyberbullying. But research has shown that the more time kids spend in front of screens—whether it’s TV or instant-messaging—the worse their school performances are. “That doesn’t mean it’s true for every kid, but it makes sense, that for every hour a kid is playing video games, it’s an hour that they’re not doing homework or reading or exploring or creating,” he said. If screen time is taking the place of doing their homework, that’s bad. But if their homework is done, well, so what? The study also found that the more time kids spend with media, the lower their grades and levels of personal satisfaction are. Gentile said the influence of screen time on school work can be reduced by what he calls “protective factors”. Those might include good teachers and a high-performing school, love of reading, coming from a family where education is valued. “If you had all these protective factors, then that one little risk factor, who cares?” One thing parents should worry about is the way electronic devices encourage multitasking (多 任务处理). “As adults, your response speeds up, you’re quicker to look over your shoulder and notice little noises or lights. However this is not what the kids need when they get to the classroom. Scanning to D. history magazine

see when the next message comes may not be good for kids. The more distractions(分心的事物) you have, the worse your performance is.” Getting kids to turn off their phones, iPods in order to let them concentrate(集中) on homework is a fight worth having. 32. What statement may Gentile agree to? A. Kids get bad marks when using Facebook. B. TV or texting affects kids equally. C. Kids prefer video games to books. D. Watching TV is better than playing video games. 33. By saying “one little risk factor”, Gentile referred to ________ A. love for reading C. screen time B. valuing education D. good teachers

34. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that________. A. kids can give quick answer to questions if texting B. Multitasks aren’t really good for every kid C. electric devices increase the attention of kids D. kids perform well if doing many tasks together 35. What might be the most suitable title for the passage? A. Are kids suffering cyber bullying on Facebook? B. Are texting and Facebook worse for teens than TV? C. Are kids willing to turn off their electric devices? D. Are texting causing kids to lose interest in reading?

第三部分 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从短文后所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项。 It was Mother’s Day, but our mother was far away from us. I decided to drive to the with my wife and our children to 37 flowers. 36

After we arrived, we went hiking , played games, and collected all kinds of flowers and so on. How happy we were! Finally, though, we had to 38 our car and got ready to go back home. 39

While the kids chatted and I drove, my wife sat behind me, surrounded by her flowers, a(n) look in her eyes. Suddenly my wife 40 to me, “Stop the car. Stop right here!” 42 41

I could ask her what

had happened, she was out and arms. At the the 44 43

up a nearby grassy hill with the lilacs (丁香花)still in her

of the hill was a nursing home and , because it was such a beautiful spring day,

were outdoors talking with relatives.

My wife went up the hill, where an elderly patient was sitting in her back to most of the others. My wife 47 46

45

, alone with her

the flowers to her and said something. The patient 48 before my wife ran back. As the car 49

her head and smiled. They talked for a few 50

away, I found in the mirror the woman

with the lilacs. 51 ? Is she somebody’s

“Mom,” the kids asked, “Who was that? Why did you give her our

mother?” My wife said, “I didn’t know the old woman. But it is Mother’s Day. And she seemed so 52 . Who wouldn’t be cheered by flowers? my 53 ,” she added, “I have all of you, and I still have

54 , even if she is far away. That woman needed those flowers more than I did.” Now, every May, our own yard is 55 with lilacs. Every Mother’s Day we drive to the

countryside to gather flowers and sow more seeds in our yard. And every year I remember that lonely old woman in her wheelchair, and her smile on her face. 36. A. downtown 37. A. plant 38. A. push 39. A. amazed 40. A. apologized 41. A. As 42. A. went 43. A. back 44. A. doctors 45. A. yard 46. A. packed 47. A. raised 48. A. years 49. A. put 50. A. waved 51. A. money 52. A. sick 53. A. Surely 54. A. daughter 55. A. grown B. street B. gather B. run B. bored B. called B. Before B. fell B. foot B. villagers B. wheelchair B. threw B. dropped B. weeks B. sped B. danced B. food B. weak B. Besides B. aunt B. planted C. supermarket C. buy C. take C. tired C. shouted C. When C. rolled C. top C. visitors C. garden C. handed C. shook C. minutes C. pulled C. circled C. gifts C. kind C. However C. mother C. decorated D. countryside D. send D. start D. pleased D. talked D. Until D. jumped D. edge D. patients D. room D. showed D. swung(摇摆) D. days D. dragged D. ran D. flowers D. lonely D. Generally D. sister D. painted

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

Most Beautiful of All 56 . Autumn was in the air. Rich, pleasant reds, painted by nature’s hand, were

coloring some of the trees. On the ground a carpet of dry leaves had begun to form along the path. 57 . High in the sky we noticed a V-shaped flock of birds heading south for the winter. As we

walked along, I smiled. Beauty was all around us. It felt so good to be out in nature. I felt blessed to be watching nature’s glorious creation at its best. 58 . She was an elderly lady with gray hair. She wore old jeans and work boots. Her

sweater was worn out in places. She was carrying a trash bag in one hand and a pointed stick with a nail driven through it in the other. As she slowly made her way towards us, she stopped to jab (刺) a piece of trash that she had seen on the ground with her stick. 59 . When we met she

smiled and said hello to us. Her teeth were cracked and worn, but her voice was as youthful as I had heard in many a day. We talked for a bit and I thanked her for making our nature more beautiful with her work. She smiled again and said, “I just do what I can before continuing down the path.” 60 . May we all have as lovely a life as her.

A. They smelled wonderful and crunched (发出碎裂声) under our feet as we walked along. B. Then, she approached and asked us whether we had any trash. C. I decided to take my sons for a walk the other day. D. As is often the case, we are too busy to find the beauty of nature. E. As we turned a corner along the walking trail, I noticed a woman slowly making her way towards us. F. Of all the things I saw that day, she was the most beautiful. G. Then, quickly and neatly, she placed it in the trash bag. 第 II 卷(非选择题,共 50 分) 第三部分 英语知识运用(共 10 小题看,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Every year,approximately 1.6 million tons of soil flows into Yellow River, China’s second 61

(long) river. The soil contains materials to keep the natural balance of the area. Over time,a lot of soil 62 (remove),which has caused serious erosion of the land 63 the River. In some areas in

Shaanxi Province,this has destroyed almost all the land, and has forced many local farmers 64 (move) to other areas. 65 is a huge job to control Yellow River erosion. Many people believe this kind of work is best (organize). You may agree with this point of view. If

done by government or international 66 67 , it is time for you to think again. In fact,it is you 68

have the most important role to play in stopping Yellow River erosion. Did

you know the importance of your 5 yuan? For a start, it can buy you a tree, soil stay on the land. On land with rich soil, local farmers can grow crops to make

69 70

will help make living, with

the money they earn from their crops,farmers buy goods or services. This helps to develop local economies.

温馨提醒: (请记得把(1--55)题答案填涂于答题卡上;(56--70)题答 案写在作文答题纸上。 )

南安一中 2014~2015 学年度下学期期末考

高一英语科参考答案
听力: 1-20 ABCAC 阅读:A 篇 AACB ABCBC ACBAA BCABC D 篇 BCBB 46-50 CACCA 63. along 67. so 51-55 DDBCB 64. to move 68. who /that B 篇 ADC C 篇 DABC 完形填空:36-40 DBDDC 语法填空:61.longest 65.It 69.which 短文改错: 71. heavy→heavily 74. exciting→excited 77. prepared 后加 for 80. 去掉 can 后的 to 作文 Nowadays it is usual for students to find part-time jobs. During this past summer holidays, I once worked as a waiter at a McDonald’s. At first I could not stand the hard work. But as time went on, I came to realize that I did a meaningful thing. First I earned some money by myself. Today some of us keep on asking parents for money, but now I don’t have to do so. And I began to learn about the value of money. Besides, I also learned how to get along with others. It gets me prepared for my future work, so getting a part-time job is necessary for us. That’s all. Thank you. 72. arrive→arrived 75. him→ them 78. what→which/that 73.usually→usual 76. calling→ called 79. but→and 41-45 BACDB

阅读选择填空: 56-60 CAEGF 62. has been removed 66. organizations 70. a

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