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book1 module6 reading and vocabulary


高一外研版必修一

Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications
Reading and vocabulary

Listen to the tape and pay attention to the words you can’t pronounce correctly.

Look at the picture and talk about Bill Gates with your classmates.

Lead-in Do you know what the picture means. Can you describe it in English?

Background 背景资料
道路和道路连接在一起,形成了四通八达的交通网络。

把电脑和电脑通过通讯线路连接在一起,就形成了电
脑网络。将世界各地的电脑网络连在一起就是因特

网(Internet)。因特网有许多实用的功能:Email (电
子邮件),BBS (论坛),WWW等。WWW (World Wide Web) 万维网,就是成千上万的网页。通过网 页浏览器(Web Browser) ,我们浏览网页,搜索信息。 Berners-Lee 最早提出了万维网的概念并设计了第一

个浏览器。他被人们称为“万维网之父”。

How much have you already know about Internet?
全球因特网分布地理位置

Internet is an international computer network connecting other networks and computers from companies, universities, etc.

Group work: please list as many famous websites you’ve known as you can

internet

What words can you think of when you look at the pictures?

Bill Gates software millionaire Microsoft

Tim Berners搜狐董事局主席 Lee I T 兼CEO张朝阳 the World websites 网站 Wide Web Internet 因特网

Computers and the Internet are getting more and more popular, do you know what we can do via the Internet?

Search for information

Chat on line

Watch videos or movies on line

Listen to music

Send emails

Play games

Shop on line

Fast-reading
1.What is the Internet?
The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world and it’s accessible through a computer. 2. How did it start ?

1969

DARPA created a network of computers called DARPANET NSF stated the NSFNET network Berners-Lee came up with the idea of the world wide web Berners-Lee invented the world wide web

1984 1989 1991

3.What is the World Wide Web? The World Wide Web is a computer network that allows computer users to access information from millions of websites via the Internet. 4. Who invented it?

Tim Berners--Lee.

Careful reading 1-- True or false
1. The US army were the first people to
use a network of computers. ( T )

2. The percentage of websites in English
is going up. ( F )

3. Tim Berners-Lee built his first computer
while he was at university. ( T )

4. Tim Berners-Lee made a lot of money
from his invention. ( F )

5. The World Wide Web is a computer network. (T )

6. It allows computer users to access
information from millions of websites via the Internet. ( T)

7. At the moment about 80 percent of web traffic is in Chinese. ( F ) 8. The World Wide is a computer network

that allows computer users to access
information from millions of websites via the Internet. ( T)

Careful reading 2--Answer the question.
Did the universities start using the Internet
at the same time as the army? If not, which

earlier?
No, they didn’t. The army started earlier.

Careful reading 3 --Choose the best choice according to the text.
1. The World Wide Web was invented in ____ by an English scientist. A A. 1991 B. 1990 C. 1992 D. 1993

2. Tim Berners-Lee came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in_____. A A. Switzerland B. Swiss

C. England

D. America

Careful reading 4---Fill in the blanks.
Tim Berner-Lee made it _______ for everyone to possible

use the Internet, not just universities and the army He________ the first “web browser”, _____ which designed

allowed computer users to access documents from
the other. From that moment on, the web and the grew access Internet _____. Everyone in the world can_____ the Internet using his World Wide Web system.

possible Tim Berner-Lee made it ________ for everyone to use the Internet, _____ _____ not just universities and the army. He________ the designed which first “web browser”, ______ allowed access computer users to _____ documents from the other. From that moment on, the web grew and the Internet _______ . Everyone in the world can access the Internet using ______ his World Wide Web system.

Post reading—Discussion If your friend is addicted to (对……上瘾) the Internet, what do you want to say?

Language points

1. A CD-ROM is a separate disk that contains lots of information. CD-ROM 是包含了许多信息的单独的一 个光盘。 contain vt. (1) 包括,含有,指包含事物 的全部。 这本书中包含你所需要的所有信息。 This book contains all the information you need. (2) 含有某种成分。 海水里有盐分。 Sea water contains salt.

(3) 容纳 这家宾馆能容纳200 人。

This hotel contains 200 people.
这个水桶盛50 升水。

This barrel contains 50 litres of water.
拓展:contain 和 include 的区别。

include 指的是包含整体中的一部分。
这次旅行高扩访问巴黎。

This tour includes a visit to Paris .

很多同学,包括我在内,昨天都去看望我们的
语文老师了。 Many students, including me , went to see our Chinese teacher yesterday . 这个句子还可以这样说: Many students, me included, went to see our Chinese teacher yesterday.

巩固练习
(1) This book ____ 18 maps, ____ 6 of China . C A. containing, include C. contains, including C ____ three children. A. except C. including B. besides D. containing B. include, containing D. includes, including

(2) There are six people killed in the accidents,

2. The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world, and it’s accessible through a computer. source (a). place from which sth comes (来源; 出处) a source e.g. Books are ____________of knowledge. 书籍是知识的一个来源。 (b) starting-point of a river (河流的源头;发 源地) e.g. 黄河的源头在哪里? Where is the source of the Yellow River?

accessible adj.易到达的;方便前往的,易接 近的;可使用的 access n 接近,进入;利用---的权利;通 路vt 取出(材料),存取;读取,访问, 进入 有关短语: the access to sth 通向---的道路或途径. have/get/gain access to sth 有使用,靠近, 接近---的机会

巩固练习
(1) 穿过那个门没有通向大街的道路。 There is___________________ through that no access to the street door. should gain access to the (2) Every student _________________________ library ____________. (自由利用图书馆) (3) Dictionaries should be put where they will A be easily____. A. accessible B. access C. accessary D. accessibility

(4) Our school headmaster is accessible to the
students.

我们的班主任对学生很亲近。
(5) The island ____________________________. is accessible only by boat

(只有乘小船才能进去)
(6) access information fromWebsites

_____________________________. 从网站获取信息 上网 (7) access the Internet _______________

3. It consists of millions of pages of data. consist of = be made up of e.g. 我们班由61个人组成。 Our class consists of 56 students. 这家俱乐部(club)有200多位会员(member) 组成。 The club consists of more than 200 members. consist in 存在于/在于 e.g.幸福在于为人民服务。 Happiness consists in serving the people.

consist with 与??一致、 相符

他言行不一。
His action does not consist with his words. C The United Kingdom _______Great Britain and Northern Ireland. A. is consist of C. consists of B. is made up D. consists in

(正) Chinese Athens 2004 Olympic Games delegation team consists of 633 members. (误) Chinese Athens 2004 Olympic Games delegation team is consisted of 633 members.
consist 一般既不用进行时也不用于被 动语态

A The committee ______________ of fifteen members. A. consists B. is consisted C. is consisting D. make up

millions of thousands of hundreds of

数百万的 成千的 成百的

scores of
dozens of

几十,很多
成打的,许多

4. In1969, DRPA a US defence organisation, developed a way for all their computers to “talk” to each other through the telephone. develop vt & vi 使发达;发展;使发育 他相信体育可以发展人的身心。 He believes that sports can develop mind and body. 养成作??的习惯 develop the habit of doing something 培养对??的兴趣 develop an interest in something

development n 发展 developed 发达的 developing 发展中的 China is a developing country while _________ America is a developed country. _________

5. They created a network of computers called DARPANET. create vt. 创造, 创建, 创作 (新的事物) creation n 创造 creative adj. 有创造力的 莎士比亚创造了很多著名的角色。 Shakespeare created many famous characters. 很多人相信上帝创造了宇宙。 Many people believe that the universe was created by the God.

create 创造指“有目的地把原材料制成新 产品”; 也指“ 创造出原来不存在或与众 不同的事物”。 很多人相信上帝创造了宇宙。 Many people believe that the universe was created by the God. design 设计指“制作某物之前深思熟虑地 构思”。 就是他设计了这个花园。 It was he that designed the garden.

invent 发明指“通过想象、研究、劳
动, 创造出前所未有的东西”, 尤指 “科技上的发明创造”

爱迪生发明了电灯泡。
Edison invented the light bulb.

6. It then became possible for universities to use the system as well. (1) as well, too 和 aslo as well, too 和 aslo只用于肯定句,否定句 用 either。 as well放句末,too一般放句末也可放句中, also放句中。 他不懂法语,也不懂英语。 He doesn’t know French , an English , either. ______________________________________. 我也喜欢上网冲浪。(surf the Internet ) __________________________________. I also like surfing the Internet.

as well as 不但??而且,强调前面的人或

物。 和??一样,和动词连用。
我父亲及我的两个哥哥都去过美国。 My father as well as my two brothers has ______________________________________ been to America. _______________

他即给我食物又给我衣服。 He gave me food as well as clothes. _____________________________________
他英语和你说的一样好。 _____________________________________ He speaks English as well as you.

may/might as well + do sth 译为“最好,不
妨” may as well You ________________tell me the truth. 你最好对我说实话。 If you don’t like to swim, you ___________ B

stay at home.
A. should as well B. may as well

C. can as well

D. would as well

他给我忠告,还给我书。 He gave me advice and books _______. as well 孩子们学习读书和写字。 The children learn to read as well as

write.

Exercises
他是英语老师也是校长。(translation) He is an English teacher, and a headmaster ________________________________ _________________________________ as well. He is an English teacher as well as a _________________________________ headmaster. ____________ We shall travel both by night and by day during the tour. We shall travel by night as well __ by day __ ___ as during the tour.

(2)当动词不定式、动名词或从句作主语时, 通常把它们放在谓语之后,而用 it 作句子的 形式主语。例如: It is not easy to finish the work in two days. (真正主语) It is no use crying over spilt milk. (真正主语) It is a pity that you didn’t read the book. (真 正主语) 巩固练习 对我们来说掌握一门外语是可能的。 It is possible for us to master a foreign language.

7. Berners-Lee made it possible for everyone to use the Internet. (it 作形式宾语) 当复合宾语中的宾语是不定式、动名词或宾语 从句时,为了避免宾语过长不易把握,通常把它 们放在它的补足语之后,而用 it 作句子的形式 宾语,放在补足语之前。 例如: I found to study English very interesting. I found it very interesting to study English. (真正宾语) He made it clear that he was not interested in this subject. (真正宾语)

The doctor says B A. that meals. A. this B. that B. it

may be necessary for me D. what

to have an operation.
C. which C He made_______ rule to have a walk after C. it D. its

8. At the moment, about 80 percent of web traffic is in English, but this percentage is going down. 那时 (1) at the moment _________________ for a moment __________________ 一会儿 in a moment __________________ 片刻之后 for the moment ________________ 目前,暂时 at any moment 在任何时候 _________________ 我当时很忙,所以没有参加会议。 I was busy at the moment, so I didn’t attend the ________________________________________ meeting. ________ for the moment The classroom is big enough_______________, but we’ll have to move if we have more students .

(2) go down vi.下降,下去;(价格)下 跌;下沉,落下(日月星辰) 落下 太阳快要落山了。 The sun is going down. 价格好像不会下降。 Price doesn’t seem to be going down. 这艘战舰被击中了而且沉了下去。 The battleship was hit and went down. 我很高兴你的烧退了。 I’m glad your temperature has gone down.

D The prices are ____fast these days.
Nobody can get the prices _________. A. going down; to bring down

B. rising; to be bring down
C. raising; bring down

D. going up; brought down

rise vi. (日月星辰)升起; 提高,上涨; 站起 (不跟宾语)rise — rose — risen rise to 增加到?? ;rise by 增加了?? 太阳东升西落。 The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 我们花在购物上的钱从1995年的两万增加到2005 年的3,600每月。 The money we spent on shopping rose from 20,000 a year in 1995 to 3,600 a month in 2005. 在圣诞节期间游客的数量增加了20% Tourists rose by 20% over the Christmas period.

raise vt. 提高,抬起;抚养,养育;提出, 提到;种植,饲养(必须跟宾语) 学生举起手来回答老师的问题。 The student raised his hand to answer the teacher’s question. 在我们学校里不准养狗。 It’s not allowed to raise dogs in our school. 那个失业的可怜人还有一大家人要养活。 The poor man who lost his job had a big family to raise.

9. Berners-Lee built his first computer while he was at university using an old television! 读大学时,贝尔纳斯?李利用一台旧电视机 制成了他的第一台电脑! using... 现在分词短语充当方式状语,另 外,它还可表示原因、条件、结果、让 步、伴随状语,它表示与句子主语是主动 关系。 我的眼镜掉到地上摔成碎片了. My glasses dropped to the ground, breaking into/to pieces.

他们有说有笑地进来了。 They came in talking and laughing. 如果天气允许,我们明天外出。 Weather permitting, we will go out tomorrow.

10. He came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in Switzerland. came up with vt. 提出(计划,方案,答案等); 追上,赶上。came up vi. (话题,议题)被提出。 用主动表被动。 他想出了一个好主意。 He came up with a good idea. ________________________________________ 我们在山顶赶上了他们。 _________________________________________ We came up with them at the top of the mountain. 问题尚未被提出。 __________________________________________ The question hasn’t come up yet.

只要我们努力学习,就能赶上李红霞。 We can come up with Li Hongxia ____________________________if we study hard. come up ______________ 走过来/开始,发生 come up against ______________突然碰到(困难等) come upon ______________突然产生/偶然遇到

11. He designed the first “web browser”, which allows computer users to access information--1> allow/permit vt. 允许 允许做某事 allow/permit doing sth. __________________ allow/permit sb to do sth / sb be allowed/permitted to do __________________ 允许某人做某事 警察允许孩子们免费进入公园。 ________________________________ The police allow the children to go _____________________ into the park for free. 警察不允许在街上踢足球。 _________________________________ The police don’t allow playing football _______________. in the street.

e.g. 我不允许你在这儿吸烟。 I don’t allow you to smoke here. 你不被允许在这儿吸烟。 you are not allowed to smoke here. 这儿不允许吸烟。 Smoking is not allowed here. allow sb to do sth/sb. be allowed to do sth allow doing

Exercises: complete the sentences.
老师允许学生们第二天交上作业。 The teacher ___________________________ allowed the students to hand in their homework the next day. 在我们家里不容许吸烟。 don’t allow smoking We ___________________ in our house.

permit [C] 许可证/特许证. [U]允许 a fishing permit 捕鱼证 _________ a work permit ___________ 工作证 停车证 a parking permit _________ apply for a permit 申请证件 _________ without permission 未经允许 _________ She took the car without permission.

她未经允许就把车提走了。 _________________________________.

Practice

B 1. The group _______ the eight richest countries in the world. A. consist by B. consists of C. is consisted by D. is consisted of 2. —Did you remember to give Mary the money you owned her? B —Yes. I gave it to her _____ I saw her. A. while B. the moment C. suddenly D. once

4. —Does he know how to work out the problem? B —Yes, he has _____ a good idea to solve it. A. caught up with B. come up with C. caught up D. come up

5. He is known _____ everybody in the city A _____ a reporter. A. to; as C. to; like B. from; after D. by; for

6. As a result of destroying the forests, a large ____ of desert ____ covered the land. B A. number; has C. number; have B. quantity; has D. quantity; have

7. _____ by jeep, they visited a number of B
European cities last year.

A. Travelled
C. To travel the room.

B. Travelling
D. Having travelled

2. Suddenly I noticed a man came ____ into A A. running B. to run C. ran D. run

Homework
1. Try to retell the text. 2. Memorize the language points.


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