石室中学高 2015 届“一诊”模拟考试
第一卷(选择题，共 90 分) 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节：单项填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1．一 Don?t interrupt me while I?m explaining the problems to you． 一 . A. All right, go ahead B. It?s my pleasure C. Of course, with pleasure D. Not at all 2．I have two brothers，hut of us have ever been abroad. A. neither B. no one C. none D. nobody 3．I for Beijing next Saturday. Do you know when the earliest plane on Saturday? A. am leaving；takes off B. leave；takes off C. leave; is taking off D. am leaving; is taking off 4．Is it be wanted to study abroad made his parents work harder than before in order to make more money. A. what；that B. which; when C. that; that D. that; why 5．一 Where?s Lily, Lucy? I can?t find her anywhere. 一 She have been off long. I saw her clean the window just now. A. shouldn't B. can?t C. mustn?t D. needn?t 6．One more day, I?ll get everything ready. A. or B. while C. and D. but 7．一 Can you explain how it that you were late again, Jimmy? 一 Sorry, sir, my alarm clock went wrong. A. came out B. came over C. came up D. came about 8．Last week, the city of Pu?er was struck by an earthquake, effects the people are still suffering. A. what B. from which C. from whose D. which 9．It?s evident that the Chinese Football Team hasn?t yet found a style that them. You see, they can?t even beat such a weak team as Indonesia. A. matches B．suits C. fits D. agrees 10． about the pool state of students? physical fitness, the education ministry has urged local departments to spend more on physical education. A. Having worried B. Being worried C．Worried D. To be worried 第二节：完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A few months ago, I was picking up the children at school. Emily, another mother that I knew well, rushed up to me. She was full of 11. “Do you know 12 you and I are?” she asked. 13 I could answer, she gave out the reason for her question. She had just returned from renewing her driver?s license at a government office. The woman 14 desk asked her what her “occupation” was. Emily hesitated, 15 how to answer it. “What I
mean is,” explained the woman, “do you have a job, or are you just a ...?” “Of course I have a job,” answered Emily. “I?m a (an) 16.” “We don?t 17 ?mother? as an occupation ... ?housewife? covers it,” she said. I forgot all about her story 18 one day I found myself in the same situation. This time it was at our own Town Hall. The clerk was a woman. “And what is your occupation?” she asked. What 19 me say it, I do not know. The words simply jumped out. “I?m ... a (an) 20 in the field of Child Development and Human Relations.” The clerk stopped, her ball-point pen 21 in mid-air. She looked up 22 she had not heard right. I repeated the title slowly. “Might I ask,” said the clerk with new interest, “just what you do in your 23 ?” Coolly, I heard myself 24, “I have a continuing program of research in the laboratory and in the field. I’ m working for my masters (the whole family) and already have 25 credits ( 令人增光的人或事物 ) (all daughters). I often work 14 hours a day (24 is more like it). The job is more challenging than most jobs and the 26 are in satisfaction rather than just money.” There was an increasing note of 27 in the clerk?s voice as she 28 in the form. As I drove into our driveway(私家车道), I was 29 by my lab assistants — ages 13, 7, and 3. Inside the house I could hear our new experimental model (six months) in the child-development program. I felt successful. Motherhood...what a great 30 !. 11. A. surprise B. anxiety C. anger D. excitement 12. A. who B. what C. how D. why 13. A. When B. As C. Before D. Since 14. A. at B. after C. by D. around 15. A. nervous B. sure C. anxious D. uncertain 16. A. mother B. worker C. teacher D. doctor 17. A. think B. list C. expect D. give 18. A. since B. unless C. until D. when 19. A. got B. caused C. permit D. made 20. A. researcher B. manager C. expert D. scholar 21. A. dropped B. floated C. frozen D. broke 22. A. so that B. even though C. as though D. because of 23. A. family B. subject C. study D. field 24. A. words B. reply C. shout D. whisper 25. A. two B. three C. four D. five 26. A. rewards B. awards C. profits D. benefits 27. A. interest B. respect C. doubt D fear 28. A. explained B. passed C. completed D. filled 29. A. accepted B. greeted C. recognized D. refused 30. A. person B. award C. career D. business 第二部分 阅读理解(共 25 小题，满分 50 分) 第一节(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A
Below is some advice on how to prevent cancer. 1. Eat Blueberries Aside from being a healthy and delicious snack, blueberries contain pterostilbene, which has important colon cancer-fighting prosperities. But wait, it gets better. Blueberries also offer a large dose of vitamins C (14 milligrams per cup). So at breakfast, try to take in a cup and a half of blueberries in your cereal or yogurt, or mixed with other berries. 2. Drink Pomegranate（石榴）Juice The deep red juice of the pomegranate contains various chemicals, which together create a powerful anticancer mixture. Most recently, researchers from the University of Wisconsin at Madison has discovered that 16 ounces of pomegranate juice per day also may inhibit(阻碍) the growth of lung cancer. 3. Relax Feeling stressed or worried? Find ways to relax and you may reduce your chances of developing cancer. Purdue University researchers tracked 1,600 men over 12 years and found that half of those with high levels of worry died during the study period. Only 20 percent of the optimists died before the study were completed, while 34 percent of the extremely anxious men died of some type of cancer. Instead of stressing about the past or future, focus on the present and relax! 4. Take Selenium（硒） Selenium is well known for its cancer-fighting properties. In a study of almost 1,000 men, researchers from the Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that when men with the lowest initial levels of selenium in their bodies received a daily supplement over a 4-year period, they cut their prostate（前列腺）cancer risk by a remarkable 92 percent. However, it is possible to get too much of a good thing, so monitor your intake of selenium-containing supplements, Brazil nuts, tuna, meats and grains carefully. 5. Break a Sweat Even a small amount of exercise can offer major cancer-fighting benefits. In a study of 29,110 men published in the International Journal of Cancer, men who exercised just once a week had a percent lower risk of prostate cancer than men who didn?t work out at all. The better the frequency, duration and intensity of the exercise, the bigger the reduction in risk, according to the study. 31. To prevent yourself from catching colon cancer, you should eat ____ as often as possible. A. selenium B. blueberries C. pomegranates D. Vitamin D 32. A person is very likely to catch some type of cancer if ______. A. he is very fond of exercise every day. B. he is addicted to drinking C. he always feels extremely stressed or worried D. he likes to have meals in restaurants 33. will remarkably reduce the risk of men?s prostate cancer. A. Having a proper supplement of selenium B. Drinking a cup of pomegranate juice every day C. Breathing fresh air now and then D. Taking exercise at least once a week 34. If you want to keep cancer away, it is very important to ______. A. have a daily supplement of vitamins B and C B. try to ignore the secondhand smoking C. take in as much selenium as possible D. have exercise as often as possible
B When 24-year-old Hannah Brencher moved to New York after college, she was hit by depression and loneliness. One day she felt so lonely that she wanted to reach out to someone. So she put pen to paper and started writing letters—letters to complete strangers. But these weren?t sad letters about how she w as feeling. They were happy letters, all about the other person, not her. She would write messages for people to have a “bright day” and tell strangers how outstanding they were, even if they thought no one else had noticed. Brencher began dropping the notes all over New York, in cafes, in library books, in parks and on the subway. It made her feel better, knowing that she might be making somebody?s day through just a few short, sweet words. It gave her something to focus on. And so, the website The World Needs More Love Letters was born. The World Needs More Love Letters is all about writing letters—not emails, but proper, handwritten letters. Not traditional love letters, written to a real beloved, but surprise letters for strangers. They don?t necessarily say “I love you”, but they are full of kindness—telling people they are remarkable and special and all-around amazing. Brencher?s initiative (初衷) has now exploded. She has personally written hundreds of letters. Last year, she did a TED talk, in which she talks about a woman whose husband, a soldier, comes back home from Afghanistan and they struggle to reconnect: “So she leaves love letters all over the house as a way to say: ?Come back to me. Find me when you can.?” And then comes another story of a man threatening to kill himself on his Facebook page, only to now be in the land of the living, with many love letters under his pillow. The World Needs More Love Letters Project works on the idea that “A love letter a day keeps the doctor away” . It?s about sharing positive energy, restoring confidence and happiness. There are now more than 10,000 people from all over the world joining in to write letters to the lonely and depressed, to basically tell them that everything will be okay. 35. When feeling lonely, Brencher wrote letters to _________________. A. share her sad feelings with strangers B. tell strangers how outstanding she was C. express her wish to have a bright day D. brighten strangers? day with kind words 36. According to the passage, which of the following letters can be found on the website? A. The email to remarkable people. B. The handwritten letters to friends. C. The traditional love letters to beloved ones. D. The encouraging letters to strangers. 37. What can be inferred from Brencher's TED talk? A. The man leaves love letters to his wife, asking her to look for him B. The woman gets on well with her husband after his return from Afghanistan C. The life of the man in the second story has been saved by the inspiring love letters D. The man in the second story has written many love letters and put them under his pillow 38. In the last paragraph, the underlined sentence means . A. love letters can help cheer you up in spirits B. love letters can keep you physically healthy C. love letters can make the doctors out of work D. love letters can keep you sway from loneliness C The life-long benefits of teaching children good money habits make it well worth the effort. Children who are not taught these lessons pay the consequences for a life time. Some parents don?t teach children about money because they think they shouldn?t talk about money with children, don?t
have the time, or think they don?t have enough money. Parents should take the time to teach children about money regardless of their income and should start when children are young. Most people have strong feelings and opinions about money, based on childhood experiences and the values and beliefs of their families. Most often, these experiences, values, and beliefs are different for each parent. It is important for the healthy development of children that parents talk about these feelings and opinions and establish a consistent(始终如一的)approach to teaching children about money. Here are some guidelines parents can keep in mind as they begin the financial socialization of their children: ★ Advise rather than order how the child?s money should be used. ★ Allow children to learn by mistakes and by successes. ★ Be consistent while taking children?s differences into account. ★ Include all family members in money management discussions, decision making, and activities suitable for their age. ★ Explan to children what they can and cannot do and the consequences of going above the limits. ★ As children get older increasingly include them in discussions of limits and consequences. ★ Expect all family members to perform unpaid, routine household work based on their abilities. ★ Express your desire to have things you can?t afford. Children need to know that parents say “no” to themselves, too. 39. The writer believes that if children don?t learn good money habits, they . A. won?t be able to earn enough B. won?t be involved in housework C. will have to work hard all their life. D. will suffer the bad results all their life 40. Some parents don?t teach their children good money habits, because . A. they don?t have money for their children to spend B. they think miney is too serious for children C. they think children can learn naturally D. they believe money is an adult thing 41. According to the 2nd paragraph, the writer seems to believe that . A. childhood experiences will heip people create a lifelong money value B. taking is the most important way to help children from their values C. values of money should be different from parent to parent. D. children?s opinion about money will never change if established 42. Which of the following are parents advised to do? A. To allow children to make mistakes if they?re likely to succeed. B. To make children do housework for the family and pay them. C. To help children learn to say “no” to their own unrealistic desires. D. To encourage children to set limits for themselves. D Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people are similar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In
addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance(容忍) in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are at least socially accepted customs. Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the non-material, for example, in technology rather than in values; in what has been learned later in life rather than what was learned early; in the less basic and less emotional aspects of society than in their opposites; in the simple elements rather than in the complex ones; in form rather than in substance(物质); and in elements that are acceptable to the culture rather than in strange elements. Furthermore, social change is easier if it is gradual. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than on a sharp one. This is one reason why change has not come more quickly to Black Americans as compared to other American minorities, because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and white counterparts. 43. Which of the following factors tends to promote social change? A. Different points of view B. Less emotional people C. Advanced technology D. Similar interests 44. Why is social change less likely to occur where people are quite similar in many ways? A. Because the social tolerance in such a society is greater. B. Because the social interests are fairly shared. C. Because the conditions are generally satisfactory. D. Because the present situation is commonly accepted. 45. What does the underlined word “one” refer to in the passage? A. Change B. Relation C. Scale D. Reason 46. The passage mainly talks about social change in terms of . A. why and how B. where and what C. what and why D. how and when E Perhaps you think you could easily add to your happiness with more money．Strange as it may seem, if you're unsatisfied, the issue is not a lack of means to meet your desires but a lack of desires—not that you cannot satisfy your tastes but that you don't have enough tastes. Real riches consist of well-developed and hearty capacities (能力) to enjoy life. Most people are already swamped(淹没) with things. They eat, wear, go and talk too much. They live in too big a house with too many rooms, yet their house of life is a hut. Your house of life ought to be a mansion (豪宅) , a royal palace. Every new taste, every additional interest, every fresh enthusiasm adds a room. Here are several rooms your house of life should have. Art should be a desire for you to develop simply because the world is full of beautiful things. If you only understood how to enjoy them and feed your spirit on them, they would make you as happy as to find plenty of ham and eggs when you're hungry. Literature, classic literature, is a beautiful, richly furnished room where you might find many an hour of rest and refreshment. To gain that love would go toward making you a rich person, for a rich person is not someone who has a library but who likes a library. Music like Mozart's and Bach's shouldn't be absent. Real riches are of the spirit. And when
you've brought that spirit up to where classical music feeds it and makes you a little drunk, you have increased your thrills and bettered them. And life is a matter of thrills. Sports, without which you remain poor, mean a lot in life. No matter who you are, you would be more human, and your house of life would be better supported against the had days, if you could, and did, play a bit. Whatever rooms you might add to your house of life, the secret of enjoying life is to keep adding. 47. The author intends to tell us that____________. A．true happiness lies in achieving wealth by fair means B．big houses are people's most valued possessions C．big houses can in a sense bring richness of life D．true happiness comes from spiritual riches 48. The underlined sentence in the second paragraph probably implies that__________. A．however materially rich, they never seem to be satisfied B．however materially rich, they remain spiritually poor C．though their house is big, they prefer a simple life D．though their house is big, it seems to be a cage 49. It can be learned from the passage that __________. A．more money brings more happiness B．art is needed to make your house beautiful C．literature can enrich your spiritual life D．sports contribute mainly to your physical fitness 50. What would be the best title for the passage? A．House of Life B．Secret of Wealth C．Rest and Refreshment D．Interest and Enthusiasm 第二节 补全对话(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据对话内容，从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 注意：请将选项涂在机读卡上，否则不给分！ （填涂提示：E=AB，F=AC；G=AD） 一 Hi，you must be the new secretary. Welcome! I?m Tom Robinson from Public Relations. 一 Hi, Mr. Robinson. Thanks. My name is Lisa Johns.51 一 Please call me Tom, Lisa. 一 OK, Tom.52 一 Yes, over twenty years. 一 Wow. 53 Do you enjoy working here? 一 Well, yes. 54 And it's also a good place to work in. But to be honest, what I really enjoy is the chance to go abroad. 一 Well, the best thing for me is that I live close to the office. 55 A. Have you worked here long? B. That's a short time. C. Working in Sales now. D. I can go home for lunch and I don't have to worry about the traffic. E. I suppose I took the job because the money is good. F. How long have you worked here?
G. That is a long time. 第二卷(非选择题，共 60 分) 第一节：阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文并回答问题，然后将答案写到试卷规定的位置上 (请注意问题后的字数要 求)。 Kids and Ponds Years ago there was a group of kids who would hang around at some local ponds in the woods near their houses in Warwick, Rhode Island. In summer they caught frogs and fish. When winter arrived they couldn?t wait to go skating. Time passed, and the ponds became the space for the kids to enjoy themselves in that neighborhood. One day a thirteen-year-old boy from group of kids read in the local newspaper that a developer wanted to fill in the ponds and build over a hundred small houses called condominiums. So the boy went door to door and gathered more than two hundred signatures (签名）to stop the development A group of citizens met and decided to support him. At the meeting of the town planning board (委员会)，the boy was quite nervous at first and spoke very softly. But when he saw the faces of his friends and neighbors in the crowd and thought about what was happening to their favorite ponds，his voice grew louder. He told the town officials that they should speak for the citizens. He also insisted that they should leave enough space for children. A few days later，the developer stopped his plan. Nine years later, when that teen was a senior in college, he was informed that the developer was back with his proposal to build condominiums. Now twenty-two years old, he was studying wetlands ecology. He again appeared before the town planning board.time as an expert witness, he used environmental protection laws to explain restrictions on development in and around wetlands and the knowledge of wetlands ecology to help improve the development. Finally some condominiums were built, but less than half the number the developer wanted. The ponds where those kids used to hang around were protected by a strip of natural land，and are still there today. 56. What did the kids like to do at the local ponds in winter? (within 5 words) 57. How did the boy win the citizens? support? (within 8 words) 58. How did the boy feel at the meeting at first? (within 1 word)) 59. What did the boy tell the town officials? (within 12 words) 60. What helped the boy to protect the ponds successfully nine years later? (within 9 words) 第二节：短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 l．5 分，满分 15 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误，请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：l、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Monday, our English teacher told us to put written books on the desks so that he could
check in them.Honest speaking, I didn?t obey. However, I put my Chinese book on my desk I really wondered how would happen. As the teacher found out my trick, I pretended to be very surprising. “Oh, I?m sorry I took a wrong book for mistake because it has same cover as my English writing book. I left my Englisn writing book at home.” At hearing this, the teacher said, “OK!” I narrowly escaped his punishment. Now I know I am wrong. 第三节：书面表达(满分 35 分) 近来， “光盘行动”(clear your plate)悄然流行，这一行动引导崇尚节约、反对浪费的社会 风气。其实我们的校园生活中也存在一些浪费现象。请简述至少两种浪费现象，提出两条建 议，并谈谈自己的看法。 注意：1、词数为 120 左右； 2、文章开头已写好，不计入总词数。 Recently, “clear your plate” campaign is more and more popular in society, which advocates treasuring food and other resources against wasting them.
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