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2016年安徽自主招生英语模拟题:英语科教类阅读


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2016 年安徽自主招生英语模拟题:英语科教类阅读
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题目 1:

完形填空。 The term home schooling means educating children at home or in places other than a normal setting such as a public or private school. There are many reasons why parents choose home schooling for their children. Some parents are 1 with the quality of education in the public schools. Others do not want their children to have to worry about "peer pressure", or social pressure from friends. They say it may have a(n) 2 effect on the child's studies. These parents 3 this type of pressure will lead to bad behavior such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and taking drugs. Bullying (欺负) from other students is another concern. Still other parents choose this type of 4 for religious reasons. Whatever the 5 may be, it is evident that more and more children are being taken out of normal schools every year. 6 , many questions have emerged, encouraging the debate over home schooling against public schooling. What then is the future of education? Will this new model of schooling replace normal schools? Will computers and the Internet 7 our classrooms and teachers? As the debate continues, so do the questions about what home schoolers are studying at home. How can parents ensure that their children are prepared 8 for college? How are home schoolers assessed to make sure they are getting the same educational standards that school students must have? Finally, there are questions regarding the children's emotional development. Are they too 9 their fellow students? Are they 10 the opportunity to get the social benefits of being in a large classroom of students? As with any debatable issue, the answers to these questions are neither simple nor one-sided. ( )1. A. patient B. familiar C. pleased D. dissatisfied ( )2. A. active B. contrary C. important D. negative ( )3. A. care B. fear C. wish D. deny ( )4. A. activity B. education C. behavior D. belief

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( ( ( ( ( ( )5. A. effects )6. A. As a result )7. A. replace )8. A. gracefully )9. A. free from )10. A. providing B. suggestions B. On the whole B. reserve B. emotionally B. isolated from B. making C. reasons C. After all C. represent C. academically C. related to C. taking

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D. pressures D. On the contrary D. release D. financially D. close to D. losing

题目 2:

. Some schools that are not year-round often have summer programs. In many cases, students take summer classes to repeat a subject they failed. This way they get a second chance to succeed. But schools also offer summer classes to students who want to be free of a required class during the next school year. Generally, students in these classes want to take fewer subjects during the year because they are involved in a lot of activities. They might be involved in sports or music programs. Or both – and more. These summer school students do the same amount of work as if they took the class during the school year. But they do it in a much shorter time, one or two months. They say it makes for a lot of reading and homework and not much time for anything else. Some education experts are worried about high school students who take summer school because of pressure to attend a top university. The New York Times recently reported about summer classes at one of the best high schools in the United States. New Trier High School is in Winnetka, Illinois. Almost six hundred students are in school this summer. Only twenty are repeating classes that they failed. The others are in difficult courses like physics and history. The students say taking classes like these in the summer means that they can take even more difficult classes next year. They say this shows not only that they are serious about their studies but that they have experienced the most difficult high school program. Another place with a lot of students in summer school is Palo Alto, California. The Mercury News reported that about twenty percent of the students in the city schools are in class this summer. That is more than two thousand teenagers. A third are in classes they failed before. The others are taking subjects they do not have time for during the normal school year. But they are not taking subjects like physics and history. The students in Palo Alto are in classes like creative writing, film studies, literature and cooking. 63. This passage mainly talks about ______. A. summer classes in American schools B. why American schools offer summer classes C. the advantages of American summer school D. experts’ anxiety(担忧)about American summer school 64. Which of the following is NOT the reason for the students’ attending summer classes in America? A.Repeating a subject. B.Completing a required subject ahead of time.

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C.Improving their physical quality D.Learning some special skills 65. What’s the biggest difference between the summer classes in New Trier High School and in Palo Alto? A.There are more students attending classes that they failed before in Palo Alto. B.Some students in Palo Alto learn some special skills instead of taking physics and history. C.Some students in Palo Alto take some subjects so that they can join in sports or music programs later. D.The students’ attitude towards studies in Palo Alto is worse than that in New Trier High School. 66. What can we infer from the passage? A.American students in schools don’t have any pressure to attend top universities. B.Summer school students don’t do the same amount of work as they do during the school year. C. American students attend summer schools in order to relax themselves very much. D. American students in high schools face great pressure to attend top universities.
题目 3:

阅读理解. Don't you think your schoolbag is too heavy to bear? The e-schoolbag will free you from the weight. It is said that e-schoolbags are going to be brought into use in Chinese middle schools soon. An experiment with several hundred e-schoolbags will begin in seven cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Dalian, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Taiyuan and Shijiazhuang. And the e-schoolbags are going to cover all over China if the experiment shows to be successful. In fact, the e-schoolbag should perhaps be called an e-notebook. It is a small hand-held computers for school students. Heavy schoolbags have long been a serious problem for school students. The average schoolbag of middle school students weighs up to 5 kilos. But the e-schoolbag will change everything. It is much lighter than a usual schoolbag, weighing under 1 kilo. Also, it is no bigger than a usual book, but it can still hold all the things for study, such as a textbook, a notebook and exercise book. They could be made into chips that are as small as a stamp. The students can read the text page by page on the screen. They can still take notes using a special electronic pen. If they want to know the meaning or the pronunciation of a new word, or even e-mail their teachers, it's just a press of a button. In some foreign countries, it is becoming common. But it is hard to tell when people will receive this new form of study. Some say that e-textbooks can easily be broken, some say that it is not good to students' eyesight to look at the screen for long.But only time will tell. 1.The e-schoolbag has many functions EXCEPT _______. A. It can pronounce the words. B. It can send e-mails. C. It can be used as a dictionary. D. It can phone somebody. 2.According to the passage, the e-schoolbags _______.

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A. are not heavy as before but still large B. are used as an experiment in Tianjin C. are made of metal D. are going to cover China if it shows to be successful 3.Which of the following statement is TRUE? A. All the students in China will use this new schoolbag. B. We can do a lot of work based on the programmers of the chips. C. The e-notebooks are very perfect. D. We will not make notes because the e-notebook can make all by itself. 4.Which of the following can be the general title of the passage? ______ A. An Experiment In China B. Please Change Your Schoolbag C. A New Invention, A New Schoolbag D. Chips
题目 4:

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完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)? 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 It’s only too natural that personal characteristics play a vital role in the development of one's intelligence. But people 36 to realize the importance of cultivating (培养) these factors. The so-called “non-intelligence factors” include one’s 37 , will, motivation, interests and habits. In their studies American psychologists 38 the main cause of differences in intelligence is not intelligence itself, but non-intelligence factors including the desire to learn, will-power and self-confidence. 39 people know one should have definite objectives, a strong will and good learning habits, quite a number of teachers and parents don’t 40 cultivating these factors. Some parents are 41 when their children fail to do well in their studies. They blame either genetic factors, malnutrition, or laziness, but they never take 42 consideration these non-intelligence factors. Some teachers don’t inquire into such reasons as 43 students do poorly. They simply give them more courses and exercises, or 44 scold or laugh at them. After all these, students lose self-confidence. Some 45 themselves up as hopeless, feeling defeated. Others 46 take wrong or evil ways because they are sick of learning. An investigation of more than 1,000 middle school students showed that 46.5% of them were 47 of learning because of examinations; 36.4% lacked persistence and 10.3% were sick of learning. It is clear that 48 of cultivation of non-intelligence factors has been a main 49__ to intelligence development in teenagers. It even causes an imbalance between physiological and 50 development among students. If we don’t start now to 51 the cultivation of non-intelligence factors, it will not only block the development of 52 of teenagers, but also affect the quality of a whole generation. Some experts have put forward 53 about how to cultivate students’ non-intelligence factors. Parents and teachers should 54 understand teenage psychology. On this basic, they can help them to pursue the objectives of learning, 55 their interests in their studies and toughening their

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willpower. 36. A. expect B. fail C. try D. manage 37. A. feelings B. appearances C. strength D. nutrition 38. A. desired B. discovered C. disclosed D. designed 39. A. Though B. Unless C. Whether D. Since 40. A. make use of B. get rid of C. pay attention to D. look forward to 41. A. moved B. worried C. frightened D. excited 42. A. for B. in C. into D. over 43. A. why B. what C. when D. how 44. A. ever B. even C. still D. never 45. A. put B. get C. make D. give 46. A. shall B. may C. should D. must 47. A. afraid B. aware C. sceptical D. supportive 48. A. lack B. presence C. increase D. focus 49. A. storage B. tendency C. threat D. barrier 50. A. intelligent B. characteristic C. psychological D. physical 51. A. weaken B. support C. strengthen D. oppose 52. A. performance B. diligence C. maturity D. intelligence 53. A. programs B. warnings C. proposals D. decisions 54. A. fully B. greatly C. mainly D. highly 55. A. ensuring B. handling C. widening D. increasing
题目 5:

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Just when scientists think they have discovered and recorded every species of insect that crawls the earth they find something new. Earlier this month, Peter Jager, the head of Frankfurt’s Senckenberg Research Institute reported the discovery of a unique eyeless spider. The creature that has a leg span (跨度) of six centimeters and a body size of just twelve millimeters was found in a cave inside the tiny nation of Laos, in Southeast Asia. It was identified as a member of the Huntsman spider, a large family that consists of 1100 species. However, the other members of the family all have eyes. The spider is the first one that has no eyes. They believe that the kind of spider has adapted to the fact that they do not really need the eyes to such a degree that they have dispensed with them altogether. But they are not the only creature to have done that. Over the years, scientists have discovered completely blind cave fish, and even a freshwater crab, which happens to live in the same cave as this eyeless spider! Surrounded by Burma and China on the northwest, Vietnam on the east, Cambodia on the south and Thailand on the west, the landlocked nation of Laos is filled with a large number of new and exotic ( 新 奇 的 ) species. In the last few years researchers have discovered the Saola—never-before-seen antelope-like creature, a small deer species called muntjacs, a tiny stripped rabbit and a rock rat that was thought to have been extinct 11 millions years ago. In addition to that it is also home to over one hundred species of large mammals ranging from tigers to macaques and over 165 species of amphibians (两栖动物) and reptiles like the terrible King cobra and the noisy Tokay gecko, a permanent resident inside most Laos households. 64. 小题 1:Which of the following is the best title of passage?

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A.Laos full of a large number of exotic species B.Laos popular with plenty of strange species C.Every species of insect discovered and recorded by scientists D.World’s first eyeless spider discovery in Southeast Asia. 65. 小题 2:What does the second paragraph mainly tell us about the unique eyeless spider? A.The eyesight, identification and family members. B.The size, identification and the reason for being eyeless C.The body, species and living environment D.The size, identification and the species 66. 小题 3:The underlined part “dispensed with” (in 2 A.got rid of
题目 6:
nd

Para) means _________. D.taken no notice of

B.put up with

C.carried away

If the eyes are the romantic’s window into the soul, then the teeth are an anthropologist’s ( 人类 学家 ) door to the stomach. In a study published last month in the journal Science, Peter Ungar of the University of Arkansas and his partner, Matt Sponheimer of the University of Colorado, US, examined the teeth of our early human ancestors to find out what they were really eating. They already knew that different foods cause different marks on teeth. Some cause scratches, while others cause pits (坑).The carbon left on teeth by different foods is also different. Tropical grasses, for example, leave one kind of carbon, but trees leave another kind because they photosynthesized ( 光合作用 ) differently. Traditionally, scientists had looked at the size and shape of teeth and skulls ( 头骨 ) to figure out what early humans ate. Big flat teeth were taken to be signs that they ate nuts and seeds, while hard and sharp teeth seemed good for cutting meat and leaves. But this was proven wrong. The best example was the Paranthropus (傍人), one of our close cousins, some of which lived in eastern Africa. Scientists used to believe Paranthropus ate nuts and seeds because they had big crests(突起)on their skulls, suggesting they had large chewing muscles and big teeth. If this had been true, their teeth should have been covered with pits like the surface of the moon. They would also have had a particular type of carbon on their teeth that typically comes from tree products, such as nuts and seeds. However, when the two scientists studied the Paranthroupus, it turned out to have none of these characteristics. The teeth had a different kind of carbon, and were covered with scratches, not pits. This suggests they probably ate grass, not nuts and fruit stones. It was the exact opposite of what people had expected to find. Carbon “foodprints” give us a completely new and different insight into what different species ate and the different environments they lived in. If a certain species had the kind of carbon on its teeth that came from grasses, it probably lived in a tropical grassland, for example. 小题 1:The underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 probably means that _____. A.anthropologists can study the structure of human stomachs by studying their teeth. B.anthropologists can study the diet of early humans by studying their teeth C.anthropologists can learn whether humans were healthy by looking at their teeth D.anthropologists can get the most useful information about humans from their teeth

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小题 2:According to Paragraph 3 to 5, which of the following statements is TRUE? A.Scratches on teeth are caused by eating nuts or seeds. B.Pits on teeth are caused by eating grass or leaves. C.Early humans with hard and sharp teeth ate meat and leaves. D.Different foods leave different marks and carbon on teeth. 小题 3:The example of the Paranthropus was mentioned in the article in order to _____. A.tell readers that they are one of our close cousins living in eastern Africa B.tell readers they had different eating habits from modern humans C.prove that size and shape of skulls does not show accurately what early humans ate D.tell readers that living environment makes a difference to skull structure
题目 7:

C The announcements by the NASA,in the form of several Web site postings and a video posted on YouTube,were in response to worries that the world will end on Dec.21,2012. The doomsday(末日) rumour reached a high point with the release of the new movie “2012”, directed by Roland Emmerich.In th e movie,Yellowstone blows up, showering the continent with black ash.Tidal waves wash over the Himalayas,where the governments of the planet have secretly built a ship which a select 400,000 people can ride out the storm.There are hundreds of hooks devoted to 2012 , and millions of Web sites , depending on what combination of“2012”and“doomsday”you type into Google.All of it,astronomers say, is nonsense.“Most of what's claimed for 2012 relies on wishful thinking and ignorance of astronomy.”Ed Krupp, an expert on ancient astronomy,wrote in an article in the November issue of Sky&Telescope. “I get angry at the way people are being influenced and frightened to make money,” Morrison said.“There is no right to frighten children to make a buck.”suggested David Morrison,an astronomer at the NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif. He said he had been getting about 20 letters and e—mail messages a day from people as far away as India scared out of their wits.Morrison said he did n ot blame the movie for all this,as much as many other supporters of the Mayan prediction.But then,he said,“my doctorate is in astronomy,not psychology.” In an e—mail exchange, Krupp said:“We are always uncertain about the future,and we always consume representations of it.We are always attracted by the romance of the ancient past.”A NASA spokesman,D wayne Brown,said the agency did not comment on movies,leaving that to movie critics.But when it comes to science, Brown said, “we felt it was careful to provide a resource.” If you want to worry,most scientists say,you should think about global climate change or nuclear war.But if ancient prophecies(预言)get you going,here are some things Morrison and the others think you should know. 64.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.Dr.Morrison blamed the Movie“2011”for the panic it aroused in the public around the world. B.People who watched the movie were seared and firmly believed that the end of the world was coming. C.In terms of science it was better to provide evidence and theory at the same time. D.Dr.Morrison thought it was not right to make money by frightening people.

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65.It can be inferred from the text that . A.astronomers think that doomsday is likely to happen in the near future B.the reason why the NASA posted web site postings was to make people interested in astronomy C.scientists think we shouldn't worry about doomsday but show concern about environment protection D.most astronomers agree that the world is not ending—at least anytime soon 66.Which of the following would be the best title? A.A New Movie“2012” B.Is Doomsday Coming? C.End-of-the-World Stories D.Astronomers Comment on Movies 67.What would the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows? A.Evidence that the Mayans thought something special would happen in 2012. B.What will really happen in 2012. C.The reason why there is no need to worry about doomsday. D.Ancient stories about the end of the world.
题目 8:

Market analysts in the United States have recently been quoted as saying that the biggest threat to the luxury (奢侈品) industry in the US is the tech industry. This is according to an article by fellow journalist Ashley Lutz. Her suggestion is sound. The main idea of her article is that products from Tiffany & Co. find their biggest competition not from other luxury brands but from companies like Apple. Lutz points out that luxury products are often only for “show,” while the attraction behind tech products is functionality. You find few people in the United States today willing to purchase luxury goods at full price. It didn’t use to be that way. Luxury goods used to be actually exclusive. That meant you needed to travel to the right store to purchase them, and you didn’t even have the option of getting a deal. Today, no one wants to pay full price for luxury goods. People have the unfortunate belief that fakes (赝品) somehow are equal to originals, and if you can’t get a deal on eBay, Amazon, or in an outlet store, purchasing a luxury product probably isn’t worth it. Luxury brands struggle to remain high-end (高档的) images despite the reality that the American consumer is motivated much more by discounts than they are by brand names or image. Yet people stand in line to pay full price for a new product from Apple and crowds gather to hear about a new smart phone. While electronics are updating every day, people are purchasing technology at full prices much more than they are purchasing luxury goods. What are high-tech makers doing right that luxury makers are pitifully failing at? Carefully looking at the situation, it would appear as if the Internet didn’t hurt the luxury industry, expectation from the consumers did. What people want these days more than anything is stuff that does something. They want cars that drive, shoes that are comfortable, games that are fun to play, screens that are beautiful to look at, tools that are useful, and entertainment that is entertaining. Little of that fits into what the luxury industry has typically offered with its status, image, and fine materials. The sad reality is that luxury products aren’t that luxury any more. 小题 1:What does this passage mainly talk about? A.Nobody likes luxury goods any more. B.Luxury goods are of poor quality nowadays. C.Tech products become the new “luxury goods”.

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D.Iphones have taken the place of luxury products. 小题 2:The underlined word “exclusive” in paragraph 2 means _______. A.unique and with no bargain B.low in price C.hard to find D.easy to sell 小题 3:From paragraph 3 we can know that _______. A.people have found that some luxury goods are fakes B.people can buy luxury goods at a low price on eBay C.luxury brands will give up high-end images D.consumers prefer brand names to discounts 小题 4:What do people pay most attention to nowadays? A.The Internet service. B.The images of luxuries. C.The function of products. D.The expectation from the consumers.
题目 9:

When many people see birds cleaning their feathers, they attribute it to vanity on the part of the bird. But, in reality, what they are doing is maintaining their wings, the instruments that they depend on for safe flight. If a bird’s wings are not in perfect condition, the bird either won’t be able to fly or won’t be able to control its flight. That is why after a long flight and even throughout the day, you will see them cleaning their feathers. Most birds, if they get a chance, will take a bath at least once a day. They do this to get rid of the dust that has accumulated in their feathers throughout their flight s during the day. In dry or desert areas, birds will not always be able to find water in which to bath, but they still need to clean their feathers. What many birds will do is to take dust baths. They will roll around in dust until it covers their feathers. They will stand up, shaking the dust out, and then clean their feathers with their beaks (鸟嘴) as usual. Baths are important for another reason. During the course of the day and night, many parasites (寄 生虫) are attracted to birds. Bugs, mites, fleas and so on will try to reach birds and suck from their blood. Daily baths help to keep the parasites to a minimum. Some birds, especially those that spend a lot of time in or around water, have skin glands (皮肤腺) that produce oil. After bathing, these birds will squeeze the glands to spread the oil over their wings to keep them free of water. If you are a bird lover and have bird houses in your yard, it can be good to go to the extra step, providing a bird bath. Once the birds in your neighborhood discover it, you will be surprised at how popular it becomes as they periodically stop by to take their daily bath. 小题 1:What’s the passage mainly about? A.How birds clean themselves. B.What birds enjoy doing. C.Why baths matter so much to birds. D.What bird lovers should do. 小题 2:What does the underlined part in Para 1 probably mean? A.Most people think it good for birds to clean their feathers. B.Most people show much interest in how birds clean themselves. C.Most people believe that birds’ keeping themselves clean is necessary. D.Most people think birds’ cleaning their feathers of no practical significance. 小题 3:According to Para 3, birds’ feather cleaning _____. A.helps keep them healthy B.keeps them free of any parasite

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C.makes them more attractive D.helps them relax enough 小题 4:In the last paragraph, the author further reminds us that _____ . A.we should love birds as much as possible B.birds enjoy cleaning themselves by bathing C.we can be good bird lovers by bathing birds D.birds like to come close to the people in a yard
题目 10:

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完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从后面各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项的标号涂黑。 High school seems bigger.There are 36 kids and it’s a tot ally new environment. It could be a 37 time for new students, 38 ,in fact,it isn’t really that bad. The first day of course is always terrifying,but,then again,the first day of middle school was probably the 39 .Of course you might get lost during the first few days 40 your classes,but after a while what seems like a large school really isn’t. One thing that’s really cool about high school is that there are so many more classes that you can 41 .For example,if you like 42 ,there are many art classes.At the same time,there are 43 classes,which you can’t take in middle school 44 photography and psychology( 心理 学).There are many new things in high school that make it much more 45 . In high school,you’re able to join more clubs,play more sports,and take part in more 46 ,and at the same time make new friends with kids with the same 47 as you.Also, these activities can give you a 48 to learn something that you might not have had the opportunity to learn in 49 . High school is different 50 everyone,but there’s one thing that’s 51 .You’re going to have just as much fun here as you 52 before.But having fun isn’t enough though! You’re 53 so you have to be more responsible.Everything changes when you get 54 ,but the changes aren’t that bad.You 55 worry too much about growing up. 小题 1:. A.less B.few C.more D.many 小题 2:A.terrible B.popular C.good D.worried 小题 3:A.but B.and C.while D.or 小题 4:A.different B.same C.rich D.difficult 小题 5:A.attending to B.looking for C.finding out D.knowing of 小题 6:A.take B.join C.give D.learn 小题 7:A.dancing B.sports C.art D.singing 小题 8:A.other B.another C.others D.the other 小题 9:A.without B.like C.except D.as 小题 10:A.fun B.boring C.busy D.tiring 小题 11:A.activities B.classes C.lectures D.groups 小题 12:A.customs B.classes C.ages D.interests 小题 13:A.chance B.time C.place D.space 小题 14:A.your home B.middle school C.society D.primary school 小题 15:A.in B.from C.on D.for 小题 16:A.sure B.certain C.doubtful D.believable

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小题 17:A.did 小题 18:A.taking classes 小题 19:A.older 小题 20:A.can’t
题目 11:

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B.created B.growing up B.cleverer B.mustn’t

C.remembered C.joining activities C.taller C.shouldn’t

D.made D.making friends D.wiser D.won’t

阅读理解。 Honeybees are disappearing for unknown reasons around the United States. Last winter, bees disappeared from 23 percent of American beekeeping businesses. Causes of the occurrence, however, have remained a puzzle. Now, scientists from several universities and the United States Department of Agriculture say they have a possible explanation for the bee decline (数量下降 ). It is a little known virus called Israeli acute-paralysis virus (IAPV).The virus kills bees. Researchers in Israel first described it in 2004, but until now, bee experts haven't paid much attention to it. When trying to find out why the bees were disappearing, a research team at Columbia University studied bee communities, some with and others without decline. The research turned up large numbers of two types of fungi (真菌) once believed of causing the bee decline. The research results, however, showed that the fungi were almost as common in communities without a decline as they were in communities with a decline. The research concluded that the two fungi probably weren't the cause. Studies of the presence of IAPV, however, showed more interesting information. In those studies, done by a team at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, the virus showed up in 83 percent of samples from communities with symptoms. Only five percent of samples from symptomless communities had it. Scientists still don't know whether IAPV can single-handedly cause the bee decline. They believe that even if the virus is making communities sick, it could have a partner in crime. It's possible, for instance, that insects or chemicals in the environment weaken bees, making them more likely to catch IAPV. Scientists are still trying to figure out how IAPV came to the United States. The United States now allows bee products to be imported from Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. If it turns out that this trade is spreading disease, the rules might eventually change.

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1. According to the passage, IAPV is a virus that _____.

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[

]

A. is difficult to be killed B. is spread by a kind of fungi C. is still not fully understood D. is caused by the imported bee products 2. From the third and fourth paragraphs, we know researchers draw their conclusion through _____. [ ] A. calculating B. comparing C. examining D. investigating 3. The underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph probably means _____. [ ] A. the virus is not only among insects B. the virus could also cause other damages C. the virus is not the only cause for the bee decline D. the virus may be caused by the polluted environment 4. What is the best title for the passage? [ ] A. Symptoms of LAPV B. A Virus-IAPV C. Fungi and Virus D. Disappearing Bees
题目 12:

阅读理解。 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的词数要求) Psychology (心理学) tells us that many people hate to take risks. But it is good for us to take risks, especially when the risk is to achieve a desired result. In that way, we become stronger and braver. Our human nature should be to take risks, but some people just sit and wish they didn't have the fear to move on.This is because of one or two failures in their lives. Please step out and don't let the past hold you back from living life to the fullest. Move forward and move on! In studying the psychology of taking risks, we find that human nature provides us with the desire to experiment and take chances. Risk taking is a great benefit that allowed our ancestors ( 祖先) to become stronger and stronger day by day. By taking risks they fought off enemies and discovered new land. This attitude has become a part of our modem culture.Riding a roller coaster is a common risk taking activity that even the average person seems to enjoy although they have the understanding that it is dangerous.

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Getting in a car each day is a risk. Getting out of bed is a risk. We need to take risks so that we can finish many things. Astronauts take risks when they get inside a rocket; however, the things they achieve are great. Businessmen take a risk when they buy parts of a company. However, without doing that, they could not make more money. We need to take risks so that we can gain something. It is impossible to move forward in life, earn money, enjoy a relationship, play a sport, or do anything else____. It is all part of the game. It's one of the most important parts of life. 1. What is the main idea of the passage? ( Please answer within 10 words) __________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Don't let the failures that you have experienced prevent you from taking risks and living a meaningful life. __________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. ( Please answer within 10 words) __________________________________________________________ 4. Why do people ride a roller coaster although they know it is dangerous? ( Please answer within 10 words) __________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. __________________________________________________________
题目 13:

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该选项的标号涂黑。 One of the speaking rules you need to know might sound strange to most ESL(English as a second language) students, but it is one of the most important rules. If you want to pass examinations, then study grammar. However, if you want to become fluent in English, then you should try to learn English without studying the grammar. Studying grammar will only slow you down and confuse you. You will think about the rules when creating sentences instead of naturally saying a sentence like a native. Remember that only a small fraction(部分) of English speakers know more than 20% of all the grammar rules. Many ESL students know more grammar than native speakers. I can confidently say this with experience. I am a native English speaker, majored in English Literature, and have been teac hing English for more than 10 years. However, many of my students know more details about English grammar than I do. When they sometimes ask me about grammar, I can easily look up the definition(定义) and apply it, but I can’t tell them the answer off the top of my head. I often ask my native English friends some grammar questions, and only a few of them know the

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correct answer. However, they are fluent in English and can read, speak, listen, and communicate effectively. Do you want to be able to recite the definition of a causative verb(使役动词), or do you want to be able to speak English fluently? 小题 1:According to the author, what opinion do most ESL students hold? A.Grammar matters a lot only in speaking. B.Grammar doesn’t matter much in speaking. C.Grammar is not important in English learning. D.Grammar is very important in English learning. 小题 2: What is the author? A.An ESL student. B.A native English teacher. C.A native English student. D.A teacher teaching English natives. 小题 3: The underlined part “off the top of my head” means ________. A.without consideration B.on purpose C.after thinking D.with difficulty 小题 4:Which of the following titles best suits the text? A.Grammar Counts! B.Fluency or Grammar? C.Exams or No Exams? D.No More Grammar!
题目 14:

D Many disease researchers have warned that rising global temperatures could lead to more diseases. for example by allowing tropical diseases to expand their ranges into what are now mild regions. This is a particular fear for the diseases carried by insects such as malariac(疟疾) and sleeping sickness. But the reality is more complex, argues Kevin Lafferty. a disease ecologist. He argues that a warming climate could favour some diseases in certain regions while controlling them in others. Lafferty does not deny that climate change might allow malarial mosquitoes to spread to new areas. However he believes that hotter and drier conditions may also get rid of mosquitoes from areas where they currently exist. If this were the case, he says. there would be little. if any, net increase (净增长) in the risk of disease. In addition, many mild regions such as southern Europe or the southern U.S. have good sanitation (卫生设备) and insect control programmes which, Lafferty says, would prevent diseases from becoming common even if climatic conditions were suitable. Finally, he argues, climate change could wipe many species off the plant. Infectious pathogens(病 原体) depend on their hosts for survival so they too may become endangered-especially if they,like malaria, rely on more than one host.

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But Mercedes Pascual of the University of Michigan points out that there are large human populations in the east African highlands, just outside of the existing range of malarial mosquitoes.She said as temperatures rise, the mosquitoes will reach these areas. So the disadvantages will outweigh the advantages of decreased risk elsewhere. Most of the ecologists do, however, seem to agree on one point: predicting where a disease is going to go next involves far more than just considering climate. No matter what the results of the debate are, they all agree that health concerns should continue to play a critical role in climate policy and the debate shouldn't be regarded as weakening the case for action against global warming. 53. According to Kevin Lafferty, climate change__________ A. will not increase the spread of insect-bome diseases B. may not significantly increase the risk of disease in the whole world C. will not affect the dry regions where sanitation is good D. may not affect viruses that depend on more than one host 54. What does Mercedes Pascual think of Lafferty 's conclusion? A. She disagrees with it. B. She supports it. C. She is not sure ofit. D. She thinks it needs proving. 55. We may infer from the passage that ___________ A. climate is the only factor in the predictior of the spread of diseases B. when making a climate policy one should take health into account C. the debate mentioned in the passage furthers the debate on global warming D. a policy should be made immediately to try to stop climate change 56. We can learn from the passage that ___________ A. all the disease researchers agree that climate change will spread disease B. nothing can be done to stop the present global warming C. scientists have found ways to stop the wild spread of disease D. ecologists have different views on whether the global warming will spread diseases further
题目 15:

Everybody hates rats(老鼠). But in the earthquake capitals of the world—Japan, Los Angeles, Turkey—rats will soon be man’s new best friends. What happens after an earthquake? We send in rescue dogs. Why? Because they can smell people. They help rescuers to find living people. But dogs are big and they can’t get into small spaces. So now a new research project is using a smaller animal to save lives: the rat. How does it work? First, the rat is trained to smell people. When this happens, the rat’s brain gives a signal(信号). This is sent to a small radio on its back and then the rescuers follow the radio signals. When rat’s brain activity jumps, the rescuers know that someone is alive. The rat has smelled that person. Although there are already robots which can do this job, rats are better. Christian Linster at Cornell University, New York, says, “Robots’ noses don’t work well when there are other smells around. Rats are good at that. ” Rats can also see in the dark. They are cheaper and quicker to train than dogs, and unlike robots, they don’t need electricity! The “rat project” is not finished, but Julie Ryan of International Rescue Corps in Scotland says, “It

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would be fantastic. A rat could get into spaces we couldn’t get to, and a rat would get out if it wasn’t safe. ” Perhaps for the first time in history, people will be happy to see a rat in a building, but only after an earthquake, of course. 小题 1: In the world earthquake capitals, rats will become man’s best friends because they can ______. A.take the place of man’s rescue jobs B.find the position of people alive who are trapped in buildings C.serve as food for people alive who are trapped in buildings D.get into small spaces 小题 2:From the third paragraph we know the rescuers can judge a person is alive by ______. A.the noise made by the rat B.the rat’s unusual behavior C.the signal sent by the radio on the rat’s back D.the smell given off by the person 小题 3:In doing rescue jobs, ______. A.rats smell better than dogs B.dogs don’t need to be trained to smell people C.robots’ sense of smell can be affected by other smells around D.rats can see in the dark and they are smaller than robots 小题 4:Rats have all the following advantages EXCEPT that ______. A.they are more fantastic than other animals B.they are less expensive to train than dogs C.they don’t need electricity D.they are small and can get into small places

答案部分

1、见解析 解析:1-5: DDBBC 6-10: AACBD 2、见解析 解析: 63-66 ACDB 略

3、见解析

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解析:1-4DDCC 4、见解析 解析: 36-40. BABAC 略

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41-45. BCABD

46-50. BAADC

51-55. CDCAD

5、见解析 解析: 小题 1:D 小题 2:B 小题 3:A 试题分析:本文主要讲述的是最新发现的一种新型的没有眼睛的蜘蛛以及在老挝所发现的另外一些特殊的物种。 小题 1:D 主旨大意题。根据文章第一段内容 Just when scientists think they have discovered and recorded every species of insect that crawls the earth they find something new. Earlier this month, Peter Jager, the head of Frankfurt’s Senckenberg Research Institute reported the discovery of a unique eyeless spider.可知本文主要讲述的是最新发现的 一种新型的没有眼睛的蜘蛛。故 D 正确。 小题 2:B 细节题。根据本段第一句和最后一句 The creature that has a leg span (跨度) of six centimeters and a body size of just twelve millimeters was found in a cave inside the tiny nation of Laos They believe that the kind of spider has adapted to the fact that they do not really need the eyes to such a degree that they have dispensed with them altogether.可知本段主要讲述的是这种动物的大小尺寸以及为什么会没有眼睛, 故B 正确。 小题 3:A 推理题。根据本句 They believe that the kind of spider has adapted to the fact that they do not really need the eyes to such a degree that they have dispensed with them altogether 可知这种动物生活在黑暗之中, 他们已经适 应了黑暗的生活环境,不需要使用双眼了。故 A 正确。 点评:本文主要讲述的是最新发现的一种新型的没有眼睛的蜘蛛以及在老挝所发现的另外一些特殊的物种。 考查科普类短文阅读, 此类文章的最大的障碍是词汇以及考生对阅读内容的不熟悉, 需要考生在阅读的时候有足 够的耐心。要养成在上下文串联中猜测词义的能力,根据上下文中出现的同义词,近义词,反义词,以及词义的 解释来理解生词。同时要抓住文章的中心,不要受其他信息的影响。要根据题目及选项以及文章的上下文串联合 理的判断推理。

6、见解析 解析: 小题 1:B 小题 2:D 小题 3:C 试题分析:在一份最近发表的杂志中研究人员声称如果眼睛是心灵的窗户,那么牙齿便是通向胃的大门。也就是 说通过对牙齿的研究可以发现动物是以草本植物为食还是以肉为食, 但是他们也提出其中也有例外情况, 不能完

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全根据这种方法来进行判断。 小题 1:B 推理判断题。整篇文章讲述了科学家通过对牙齿的研究来判断他们所吃的食物,而且第二段也明确提出 examined the teeth of our early human ancestors to find out what they were really eating.由此可知 B 选项正确。 小题 2:D 细节理解题。 根据文章第二段 They already knew that different foods cause different marks on teeth. 和 The carbon left on teeth by different foods is also different.可知不同事物会在牙齿上留下不同的印痕和碳,所以 D 选项 正确。 小题 3:C 推理判断题。文章第四段讲述科学家是如何根据牙齿的形状,大小和头骨来判断人类所吃的食物的,但 是最后提出 But this was proven wrong.然后下文讲了傍人的例子,来说明他们的错误判断,所以 C 选项正确。

7、见解析 解析: 64-67 DDBC 略

8、见解析 解析: 小题 1:C 小题 2:A 小题 3:B 小题 4:C 试题分析:文章大意:美国奢侈品行业所面临的威胁。其最大威胁来自美国的高科技行业。并分析了个中原因。 小题 1:C 主旨大意题。根据第一段的阐述:“据称美国的市场分析人士最近表示美国奢侈品行业面临的最大威胁 来自美国的高科技行业。消息来自一位记者同行阿什丽· 鲁兹 Ashley Lutz 的文章她的报道非常可信该文章的要点 在于蒂芙尼公司 Tiffany Co 发现其产品的最大竞争者并非其他奢侈品牌而是苹果这样的公司。鲁兹指出奢侈品经 常仅用于炫耀而科技产品背后的吸引力在于它的功能性”我们可以得到答案。 小题 2:A 词义猜测题。上文说“在美国你会发现很少有人愿意出全价购买奢侈品了”说明“奢侈品在过去是一种独 特的不打折(不讨价还价)的商品”。 小题 3:B 推理判断题。从本段中“如果你不能在 e 电子港湾(eBay) 、亚马逊或一家打折店里买到折价商品而去购 买奢侈品, 这可能会被认为是非常不值的。 ”可以推断“人们可以在 e 电子港湾以打折的价格即低价买到奢侈品”。 小题 4:C 推理判断题。根据最后一段“审视这一情况时,看起来伤害奢侈品行业的好像不是互联网,而是消费者 的预期。人们眼下最想要的是具有某些功用的东西。他们想要好开的汽车、舒适的鞋、有趣的游戏画质、出众的 屏幕、 实用的工具以及精彩的娱乐。 这些诉求基本上与奢侈品行业传统上提供的产品及其看重的身份形象和精良 材质不搭边。一个悲惨的现实是奢侈品不再那么奢侈了。”我们可以推断答案。

9、见解析 解析: 小题 1:C

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小题 2:B 小题 3:A 小题 4:A 文章介绍了文章介绍了洗澡及梳理羽毛对鸟儿的重要性,并解释了原因,号召我们要为鸟儿做更多的事情。 小题 1:C 主旨大意题。文章介绍了洗澡及梳理羽毛对鸟儿的重要性,并解释了原因。 小题 2:B 猜测句意题。根据下一句 in reality, what they are doing is maintaining their wings 说明鸟儿梳理羽毛是为 了维护翅膀。they attribute it to vanity on the part of the bird.中的 vanity 指那些漂亮但无用的东西,故这句话指的 是很多人对于鸟儿如何梳理羽毛感兴趣,却不清楚鸟儿为什么这样做。故 B 正确。 小题 3:A 段落大意题。在第三段中提及了鸟儿的羽毛中会有很多的寄生虫和各种各样的有害的东西,所以鸟儿 清洁羽毛是为了保持羽毛的健康,故 A 正确。 小题 4:A 推理题。在最后一段中提出我们要为鸟儿做更多的事情,要尽可能地多爱鸟,故 A 正确。

10、见解析 解析: 小题 1:C 小题 1:A 小题 1:A 小题 1:B 小题 1:B 小题 1: A 小题 1:C 小题 1:A 小题 1:B 小题 1:A 小题 1:A 小题 1:D 小题 1:A 小题 1:B 小题 1:D 小题 1:B 小题 1:A 小题 1:B 小题 1:A 小题 1:C 略

11、见解析 解析:1-4: CBCD 12、见解析 解析:1. Taking risk is importan/necessary for our life. 2. Please step out and don't let the past hold you back from living life to the fullest. 3. without taking a risk. 4. Because taking risks is part of our human nature/ Taking risks has hecome a part of our modern culture. 5. 冒险对我们来说是好的,尤其是为了得到渴望已久的。 13、见解析 解析: 小题 1:D 小题 2:B 小题 3:A 小题 4:B 略

14、见解析

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解析: 53---56 BABD 略

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15、见解析 解析: 小题 1:B 小题 2:C 小题 3:C 小题 4:A 试题分析: 小题 1:B 推理题。根据文章第 2 段. So now a new research project is using a smaller animal to save lives: the rat.和第 三段说明人们可以利用老鼠来找到那些被围困在地下的人,并把他们救出来。故 B 正确。 小题 2:C 细节题。根据第三段 1,2,行 When this happens, the rat’s brain gives a signal(信号). This is sent to a small radio on its back and then the rescuers follow the radio signals.说明研究人员可以根据这些信号来辨别这个人是否是 活着的。故 C 正确。 小题 3:C 细节题。根据第四段第二行“Robots’ noses don’t work well when there are other smells around.说明机器人 的嗅觉是人员被干扰,故 C 正确。 小题 4:A 细节题。根据文章第二段第二行 But dogs are big and they can’t get into small spaces.说明老鼠可以到更小 的地方,故 D 是老鼠的优势;根据第四段第三行 They are cheaper and quicker to train than dogs,说明 B 是优势。根 据第四段最后一行 they don’t need electricity!说明 C 也是老鼠的优势。A 没有提及。故 A 不是老鼠的优势。 点评:文章介绍了用老鼠来寻找在地震中北困在地下的人的优势。本文集中考查细节题,要求考生在阅读的时候 在关键的点上做好标志,以减少回读的次数,大大提高阅读的效率和速度。


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