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2012届高考英语陷阱题总结归纳——代词


2012 届高考英语陷阱题总结归纳——代词
◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. _____ with any common sense can tell the difference between the two. A. Who C. Anyone 【陷阱】容易误选 B。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案为 C。有的同学误选 B 主要是因为受以下这类句子的影响: 分析】 Whoever comes will be welcome. 任何人来都欢迎。 Whoever wants the book may have it. 任何人要这书都可拿去。 Whoever gets the job will have a lot of work. 谁要是得到这份工作就有很多事要做。 以上三句中 whoever 引导的均为主语从句, 其中的 whoever 均可换成 anyone who, 但 是不能换成 anyone。以上试题从表面上看,与以上各例很相似,其实它们有本质的不同, 即 _____ with any common sense 中没有谓语动词,所以我们不能选 whoever。此题的正确 答案为 C,anyone 为句子主语,with any common sense 为修饰 anyone 的定语。现将此题 稍作改动如下,答案选 B: _______ has any common sense can tell the difference between the two. A. Who C. Anyone B. Whoever D. Who ever B. Whoever D. Who ever

2. The dictionary is really useful. Every boy and girl _____ it and they each _____ to buy one. A. like, want C. likes, want B. likes, wants D. like, wants

【陷阱】容易误选 D。认为前面一空填复数动词,因为其主语是 boy and girl,为复数; 陷阱】 第二空填单数动词,因为其前有 each,表示“每一个”。 【分析】事实上,此题应选 C。因为按英语习惯,every 后接两个并列的单数名词作主 分析】 语时,谓语动词要用单数,即第一空填 likes;而第二空要填复数动词 want,是因为其前的 主语是 they 而不是 each(each 为主语的同位语)。 3. Everyone knows that Canada is larger than _____ country in Asia. A. any B. any other

C. other

D. another

【陷阱】容易误选 B。选择的依据是以下大家熟悉的句型(其中的 other 不可省略): 陷阱】 He is taller than any other student in our class. 他是我们班最高的。 English is more widely used in international intercourse than any other language today. 现今 英语在国际交往中比其他任何语言用得都广。 【分析】但是上面一题与这类句子有所不同。这类句型到底该不该加 other,主要应看 分析】 所谈论的对象是否在比较的范围之内: 若在范围之内, 则用 other (以排除自己与自己比较); 若不在范围之内,则不用 other。比较下面一题: China is larger than _____ country in Asia. A. any B. any other C. other D. another

此题应选 B,因为 China 在 Asia 的范围之内。假若选 A,则表示“中国比亚洲的任何 国家都大”,而中国本身也是亚洲国家,由此则得出“中国比中国大”的荒谬结论。而选 B, 则表示“中国比亚洲任何其他国家要大”,这才合乎事实。 4. “What do you think of them?” “I don’t know _____ is better, so I’ve taken _____ of them.” A. what, both C. which, both 【陷阱】几个干扰均有可能误选。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案为 C。做好此题的关键是要注意句中的 better 一词,由于 better 用 分析】 的是比较级,说明比较的对象应是两者,由此可推知第二空应填 both;另一方面,由于所谈 论的是两者,说明选择范围比较窄、比较明确,所以第一空应填 which。 5. “Would you like a cup of coffee or a glass of beer?” “____ will do, but milk is _____ popular with me.” A. Neither, not C. Either, the most B. Both, more D. All, the most B. what, none C. which, none

【陷阱】很容易误选 B,因为前文提到 coffee 和 beer 为两者,所以有的同学就认为 陷阱】 应选 both 和 more 与之对应(more 为比较级,指两者比较)。 【分析】做对此题的关键是要注意到下文提到的 milk 既不是 coffee 也不是 beer,而 分析】 是除这两者外的第三者,故第二空应填 the most,即此题最佳答案为 C。 6. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _____ it was?

A. where C. how

B. what D. which

此题答案选 D, 主要与上文的 some book or other (某一本书)这一语境有关, 全句句意为: “我在某一本书上读到过它,是哪一本书这很重要吗?”请看类似试题: (1) “Who told you?” “Oh, somebody or other, I’ve forgotten _____.” A. what C. which B. when D. who

此题最佳答案为 D。句意为:“谁告诉你的?”“噢,有个人,我忘记是哪一个了。” (2) Some of the students were late for the meeting, but I can’t remember _____. A. what C. which B. when D. whom

此题最佳答案为 C。句意为“有些学生开会迟到了,但我不记得是哪些学生了”。 7. These trousers are dirty and wet — I’ll change into my _____. A. another C. others 【陷阱】容易误选 A、B。 陷阱】 最佳答案为 C。 是从语法上看, another 后通常接单数名词, 而不接 trousers 这 【分析】 分析】 样的复数名词(若用 another pair 则可以);也不能选 trousers 是因为填它句子意思不通。 最佳答案应选 C,others 相当于 other trousers,其中的 other 与前面的 these 相对照。 8. Her lecture was hard to follow because she kept jumping from one subject to _____. A. other C. the others B. the other D. another B. trousers D. other

【陷阱】容易误选 B。选择依据可能是 one … the other …这一常用结构。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案为 D。使用 one … the other … 时,我们通常是针对两者而言的,即 分析】 指“两者中的一个……,另一个……”;如果所谈论的情况不是针对两者而言的,而是针对多 者而言的,那么我们就不宜在 one 后使用 the other,而考虑用 another。又如(答案均选 D, 即选 another): (1) Those cakes look delicious. Could I have _____ one? A. other C. the others B. the other D. another

(2) I have many such novels. I’ll bring _____ tomorrow. A. other C. the others (3) Saying is one thing and doing is _____. A. other C. the others 比较以下各例: (1) Shut ____ eye, Jim. A. another C. other B. some other D. the other B. the other D. another B. the other D. another

答案选 D,因为人的眼睛只有两只,故用 one … the other … 结构。 (2) It’s sometimes hard to tell one twin from _____. A. another C. other B. some other D. the other

答案选 D,twin 意为“孪生子之一”、“双胞胎之一”,即指两者之一,故用 one … the other … 这一结构。 9. There are four bedrooms, ______ with its own bathroom. A. all C. every B. each D. either

此题容易误选 A,认为既然前面出现了 four bedrooms,故填 all 与之对应。其实,此 题的最佳答案应为 B,原因是空格后的隐藏信息 its,它表示空格处应填一个单数代词,但 是不能选 C,因为 every 不能这样单独使用。 10. “It’s said that he is a wise leader.” “Oh, no, he is _____ but a wise leader.” A. anything C. anybody B. anyone D. anywhere

【陷阱】容易误选 B、C。因为句子主语指人,似乎只有 B、C 才与之一致。 陷阱】 【分析】其实,正确答案应选 A。因为 anything but 是习语,意为“根本不是”或“一点 分析】 也不”,不仅可用于事物,也可用于人。如: I’ll do anything but that. 我绝不会干那种事。 The party was anything but a success. 晚会根本不成功。

Her father was anything but a poet. 她父亲根本不是诗人。 Such a man was anything but a hero. 那样的人绝不算英雄。 11. Tell _______ you like — it makes no difference to me. A. anyone C. whoever B. who D. what

【陷阱】容易从中文字面来理解而误选 A 或 B。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案选 C。但若将 A, B 两项合起来,即用 anyone who 这样的形式则也 分析】 可以。选 C,whoever 引导一个宾语从句,用作动词 tell 的宾语。同样地,请看以下类似 试题: (1) _____ comes is welcome. A. Anyone C. Anyone who B. Who D. Everyone

此题很容易误选 A,因为从汉语意思来分析,可理解为“任何人来都欢迎”,但若选 A, 此句的结构是混乱的, 句中有两个谓语动词 comes 和 is,但却只是一个句子。此题应选 C, anyone 是句子主语,who comes 是修饰 anyone 的定语从句。 (2) _____ comes to see me, tell him I’m out. A. Anyone C. Whoever B. Who D. Everyone

此题很容易按汉语意思误选 A,其实应选 C。whoever 引导的是让步状语从句,相当于 no matter who。 (3) Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____ shares her interests. A. anyone C. whoever B. whomever D. no matter who

此题不能选 A,假若选 A,应在其后加上 who,即用 anyone who;也不能选 B,一是 因为空格处应填一个作主语的词(因为其后有谓语动词 shares),二是因为在现代英语中 whomever 这个词已基本废除 (也就是说, 在现代英语中 whoever 既用作主语, 也用作宾语, 如:Give it to whoever you see in the meeting-room. 你在会议室里看见谁就把它给谁);也不 能选 D,因为 no matter who 只用于引导让步状语从句,不用于引导名词性从句。此题正确 答案为 C,whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。 比较下例,答案应选 A,而不是 B、C 或 D(注意句意):

It was a matter of _____ would take the position. A. who C. whom B. whoever D. whomever

12. The teacher told us that the problem was not _____ easy and that we should think _____ over carefully. A. such, it C. such, 不填 【陷阱】容易根据汉语字面意思误选 C。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案选 B。第一空填 that,that 用作副词,相当于 so,又如: 分析】 Is it always that hot? 总那么热吗?(其中的 that hot 可以换成 so hot,但不能换成 such hot) I can only tell you that much. 我只能告诉你这么多。(其中的 that much 可以换成 so much,但不能换成 such much) 注意第一空不能填 such,因为 such 不用作副词,即它不用于修饰形容词。 另外, 汉语中说“好好想一想”, 通常可以不带宾语, 但英语中的 think over 是及物动词, 如果用它来表示“好好想一想”,应根据上下文的语境让它带上适当的宾语,所以本题应用 think it over,相当于 think the problem over。 13. The camera isn’t good enough; I want to change ______. A. another C. it with another B. a good one D. it for another B. that, it D. that,不填

【陷阱】容易根据汉语字面意思误选 A、B。 陷阱】 【分析】此题最佳答案为 D。英语中的 change sth 表示的是“换某物”,sth 是被换的东 分析】 西,而 change sth for sth else 表示的才是“用某物换另一物”。比较: That coat was too large and I had to change it. 那件外套太大了,我得去换一件。 That coat was too large and I had to change it for a smaller one. 那件外套太大了, 我得去换 一件小一点的。 14. I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with ______. A. everything C. something B. anything D. nothing

此题容易误选 B, 生搬硬套不定代词用法规则: something 用于肯定句, anything 【陷阱】 陷阱】 用于否定句或疑问句。 【分析】 分析】其实此题应选 A,注意前文的 I agree with most of what you said(我同意你说的 大部分内容),其后的 not 与 everything 构成部分否定,意为“不是所有的都同意”,前后两 部分用转折连词 but 连接,语气通顺、连贯。请看一个类似的例子: ______ likes money, but money is not ______. A. Everyone, everything C. Someone, nothing B. Anyone, anything D. Nobody, everything

最佳答案选 A,句意为“大家都喜欢钱,但钱不是万能的”。 15. “Is there ______ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.” A. anybody C. somebody B. everybody D. nobody

【陷阱】此题容易误选 A。认为这是一般疑问句,要用 anybody。 陷阱】 【分析】其实此题应选 B,主要与上下文的语境有关。全文语境为:“大家都到齐了 分析】 吗?”“没有, Bob 和 Tim 两人请假了。 ”假若我们将此题作如下变换, 则情形就会有所不同: “Is there ______ here?” “Yes, I’m upstairs. Please come and help me.” A. anybody C. somebody 此题的最佳答案应是 A,而不是 B。 请再看一例: “Do you have _____ at home now, Mary?” “No, we still have to get some fruit and tea.” A. something C. everything B. anything D. nothing B. everybody D. nobody

答案选 C,句意为“玛丽,现在家里东西都准备齐了吗?”“还没有,我们还要买些水果 和茶。” 16. “If you want a necklace, I’ll buy one for you at once.” “Oh, no. A necklace is not _____ that I need most. A. anything C. nothing B. something D. everything

【陷阱】此题容易误选 A,机械地套用以下规则:something 用于肯定句,anything 用 陷阱】 于否定句或疑问句。 【分析】当然以上规则在通常情况下是有效的,但此句不属通常用法。此题的最佳答案 分析】 应是 B,something 在此的意思不是“某种东西”,而是指“那种东西”或“这种东西”,即心中 最想要的那种东西(相当于 the thing)。同样地,下面几题的最佳答案也是 something,而不 是 anything: (1) It’s not _____ that we want to talk about; let’s change the subject. A. anything C. nothing B. something D. everything

(2) It’s not _____ I enjoy; I do it purely out of a sense of duty. A. anything C. nothing B. something D. everything

(3) Self-control is not _____ that comes with your birth. A. anything C. nothing B. something D. everything

(4) This is not _____ that would disturb me anyway. A. anything C. nothing 17. Some say one thing, but _____. A. other, another C. others, the other 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 陷阱】 【分析】最佳答案选 B。but others another 为 but others say another 之省略。在并列句 分析】 中, 若后面分句与前面分句有相同的词, 常把后一分句中的相同部分给省略掉, 以避免重复。 如: One soldier was killed and another wounded. 有一名士兵被打死,另一名被打伤。 (wounded 前省略了 was) I work in a factory and my brother on a farm. 我在工厂工作,我弟弟在农场工作。(on a farm 前省略了 works) B. others, another D. the others, others B. something D. everything

My room is on the second floor and his on the third. 我的房间在三楼,他的房间在四楼。 (on the third 前省略了 is) 18. He is a hard-working student, _____ who will be successful in whatever career he chooses. A. that C. one 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 陷阱】 【分析】此题答案选 C,one 相当于 a student。类似地,以下各题也选 one,它们分别 分析】 相当于 a table, a break, a question, a Mexican carpet, a moment: (1) A table made of steel costs more than _______ made of wood. A. one C. those B. it D. which B. he D. which

(2)“Why don’t we take a little break?” “Didn’t we just have _____?” A. it C. one B. that D. this

(3) The question is _____ of great importance. A. that C. one B. it D. what

(4) She wants a Mexican carpet, but she can’t afford to buy ______. A. one C. them B. it D. the one

(5) Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, _____ I will always treasure. A. that C. it B. one D. what

◆精编陷阱题训练◆ 精编陷阱题训练◆ 1. Tom’s mother always told him not to smoke again, but _____ didn’t help. A. he C. which B. it D. as

2. Both teams were in hard training; _____ was willing to lose the game. A. either C. another B. neither D. the other

3. There he pointed to _____ looked like a stone and said that’s ______ you had to carry home. A. that, that C. which, what B. what, what D. as, which

4. I know nothing about the accident except _____ I read in the paper. A. that C. what 5. Energy is ____ makes one work. A. what C. anything B. something D. that B. for D. 不填

6. Don’t go to _____ places where there is no fresh air. A. such C. those B. so D. which

7. The classroom is almost empty, where is _____? A. someone C. everyone B. anyone D. no one

8. I’m afraid we can’t have coffee; there’s _____ left. A. nothing C. no one B. none D. no any

9. _____ worries me is _____ we’re going to pay for all this. A. It, that C. What, how B. That, how D. As, that

10. He just does ______ he pleases and never thinks about anyone else. A. that C. which B. what D. how

11. _____ of you comes first will get the ticket. A. Which B. Whichever

C. Who

D. Whatever

12. His income is double _____ it was five years ago. A. that C. as B. which D. what

13. If you want a friend, you’ll find _____ in me. A. one C. that B. it D. him

14. Oh, how beautiful it is! I like _____ better. A. everything C. nothing B. anything D. something

15. Do you know _______ friends are coming to our party? A. whose else’s C. whose else B. who’s else D. who else’s

16. _______ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone C. Whoever B. The person D. No matter who

17. Jane hopes to become a friend of _______ shares her interests. A. whomever C. whoever B. anyone D. no matter who

18. Some friends tried to settle the quarrel between Mr and Mrs Smith without hurting the feeling of _______, but failed. A. none C. all B. either D. neither

19. —Here are the best styles of the clothes. Which one do you like? — _______. They are not so nice as I expected. A. Neither C. Nothing B. All D. None

20. Mr Ascot, headmaster of the school, refused to accept ______of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union. A. either B. neither

C. any

D. none

21. “There’s coffee and tea; you can have _______.” “Thanks.” A. either C. one B. each D. it

22. “When shall we meet again?” “Make it _______day you like; it’s all the same to me.” A. one C. another B. any D. some

23. “Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.” “Why ______? John is sitting there doing nothing.” A. him C. I ◆答案与解析◆ 答案与解析◆ 1. 选 B,it 指前面提到的情况。由于句中用了并列连词 but,所以不能选 C。当然,若 去掉空格前的 but,则可选 C。 3. 选 B, 因是 both teams, 即谈论的是两者, 因此可锁定 A 和 B; 从语境上看, 应选 B, 即双方都不愿输。 3. 选 B。即两空均填 what,第一个 what 相当于 something that;第二个 what 相当于 the thing that。 4. 选 C,what 在句中用作动词 read 的宾语。 5. 选 A,what 相当于 something that。 6. 选 C,但容易误选 A。按英语习惯,受 such 修饰的名词后跟定语从句时,引导定语 从句的关系词一般只能是 as, 而不能是 that, which, who, where 等。 Such women as knew 如: him thought he was charming. 认识他的女人都认为他很有魅力。此句中的 as 就不能换成 that 或 who, 若要使用 that 或 who, 则需将 such 换掉, 如说成 Those women who knew Tom thought he was charming. 7. 选 C,句意为“教室几乎是空的,大家都到哪里去了?” 8. 选 B,nothing 指“什么也没有”;none 指数量上的“一点(个)也没有”。注:回答 how much 和 how many 时要用 none,而不用 nothing,道理同此。 9. 选 C,what worries me 为主语从句,且 what 在主语从句中用作主语。 10. 选 B。从句意推知。 B. he D. me

11. 选 B 最佳,因 who 后通常不接表示范围的 of 短语,故不宜选 C;若选 A,则句 型不对;若选 D,则语义不通。 12. 选 D,what 相当于 the amount that。 13. 选 A,one 在此相当于 a friend。 14. 选 C,I like nothing better 相当于 It’s the best thing I like。 15. 选 D。else 可放在 who, what, where, how, why 等疑问词之后,但习惯上不放在 which 之后,而且在一般情况下也不用在 whose 后,遇此情况可用 who else’s,如: Who else’s fault could it be? 这会是其他什么人的错吗? 但是,若其后不修饰名词,有时也可用 whose else。如: Whose else could it be? 这会是其他什么人的吗? 16. 选 C。其余三者均不能引导主语从句。whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。 17. 选 C。whoever shares her interests 用作介词 of 的宾语,同时 whoever 又用作谓语动 词 shares 的语。 18. 选 B。由于句中谈到的是 Mr and Mrs Smith,即谈的是两者,故排除选项 A 和 C, 因为 none 和 all 均用于指三者。又因为空格前有否定介词 without,故空格处填 either, 不 用 neither。 19. 选 D。none 可视为 I like none of them 之省略。从下文的语境看,空格处只能填空 一个表否定意义的词。据此首先排除 B;虽然 A、C、D 均表否定意义,但 neither 与前面 的 best(既然使用最高级,说明有三者或多者在作比较)不吻合;而 nothing 表示“什么也 没有”,不合语境。 20. 选 C。none 和 neither 表否定,与句中的 refused to acept 这一语境不符。在 either 与 any 两个选项中,either 指两者,与句中的 three suggestions 不符。故只能选 any,指 三者中的任意一个。 21. 选 A。比较四个选项:either 指两者中的“任意一个”,each 指两者或两者以上中的 “每一个”,one 用来替代“a / an +单数可数名词”,it 替代“the +单数名词”。 22. 选 B。根据下文的 it’s all the same to me(对我都一样)可知,选 any 最合语境。 23. 选 D。Why me? 可视为 Why do you ask me to go and join? 之省略。另外,me 还 通常在简略回答中用作主语。如:Me too.(我也一样。)


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