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一般现在时


Unit 2 How often do you exercise? 一 重点词汇 单词: 13. die 1. 大概;或许;可能 2. hardly 14. 然而;不过 15. health 3. 一次;曾经 4. ever 16. 凭借;穿过 17. such 5. 两次;两倍 6. housework 18. 头脑;心智 19. television 7. 节目 8. Internet 20. 百分之…… 21. than 9. 忙的;满的;充满的 10. Swing 22. 在线的;联网的 23. junk 11. 最小;最少;最小的;最少的 12. 虽然;尽管;即使 24. 咖啡 短语: 1. 多久一次 2. on weekends 3. 几乎从不 4. go to the movies 5. 每月两次 6. at least 7. 帮忙做家务 8. use the Internet 9. 摇摆舞 10. be full 11. 熬夜 12. drink coffee

25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34.

1ess 几乎;差不多 together 作者;作家 body 杂志;期刊 point 牙科医生 result 没有一个;毫无

13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

对……有好处 more than 帮助某人做某事 1ess than 例如;像……这样 not…at all 上网 junk food 看电视 go to the dentist 百分之二十 American Teenager magazine

二 核心语法(一般现在时) 1) 描述当前时间内经常出现、反复发生的动作或存在的状态。 常用时间状语如下:always , everyday , often , once a week (month , year , etc.) , sometimes , seldom , usually 等等,以 表示句中的动作或状态是习惯性的、经常性的 I cycle to work every day. It seldom rains here. 2)仅为了描述状态、性质、特征、能力等等。 He can speak five foreign languages. That is a beautiful city. Changjiang River is one of the longest rivers in the world. She majors in music. 3) 陈述客观事实、客观真理。 The sun rises in the east. The earth goes around the sun. Ten minus two is eight. Light travels faster than sound.
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4) 当主句的谓语动词是一般将来时,那么时间或条件状语从句的谓语动词只能用一般现在时来表示将来要发生的 动作。例如: I’ll tell him the news when he comes back. If you take the job , they will talk with you in greater details. 用于一般现在时的副词,除了上面提到的一些表示频率的以外,常见的还有:now, today , nowadays 等等。 构成: 1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如: We study English.我们学习英语。 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"或变―y‖为―ies‖ 句型转换: 1. be 动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。 如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I’m not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ don’t( doesn’t ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:I don’t like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn’t 构成否定句。如: He doesn’t often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:- Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。如:- Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work? 一般现在时的动词形式 一般现在时主要由动词原形表示,但第三人称单数后的动词词尾有所变化。 第三人称单数动词词尾的变化有几种形式: 一般情况 加-s reads, says, takes 以 ch, sh, s, x, 或 o 结尾的词 加-es teaches, washes, goes, misses, mixes 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的词 变 y 为 i 再加-es studies, cries, carries 2.第三人称单数的动词变化规则 (1) 多数动词直接加 s: runs gets likes collets takes plays climbs……. (2) 结尾是 s, x, sh, ch, o,前为辅音字母, 结尾加 es : watches teaches goes does washes crosses mixes (3) 动词末尾 y 前为辅音: 将 y 改 i 加 es: study→studies fly→flies y 前若为元音则直接加 s: buys says 练习题 1、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式 have come go teach write take watch fly play do brush worry 2、用动词的适当形式填空 1. My daughter (watch) TV every day. Sometimes she 2. Li Wei ________ (have) a daughter. 3. Our family _________ (be) a happy one. 4. Her mother ___________ (teach) English at a middle school. 5. Jack often ___________ (listen) to the radio. 6. He ________ (say) that Prof. Li is tired. 7. We often___________(play) in the playground.

stay study mix

(see) a film on Sunday.

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8. He _________(get) up at six o’clock. 9. __________you _________(brush) your teeth every morning? 10. What (do) he usually (do) after school? 11. He usually (do) his homework. 12. Danny (study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school on Monday. 13. Mike sometimes __________ (go) to the park with his sister 14. At eight at night, she __________ (watch) TV with his parents. 15. ________ Mike________ (read) English every day? 16. How many lessons _________ your classmate________ (have) on Monday? 17. What time _________his mother_________(do) the housework? 3、选择 1. The Browns ________ a nice car and Brown's brother ________ a nice jeep. A. have / have B. has / has C. have / has D. has / have 2. If their house ________ not like ours, what ________ it look like? A. is / is B. is / does C. does / does D. does / is 3. - ____ you think he will come? - If it ________ tomorrow, he will not come. A. Do / rains B. Are / rains C. Do / will rain D. Are / will rain 4. The little child ____ not even know that the moon ________ around the earth. A. do / move B. do / moves C. does / moves D. did / moved 5. Many a student ___ fond of films, but a good student seldom __to the cinema A. are / goes B. is / goes C. are / go D. is / 4、按要求改写句子 1. This is a white key. (对画线部分进行提问) 2. Ben’s bag is yellow and red. (对画线部分进行提问) 3. Cindy Green is fine. (对画线部分进行提问) 4. Her name is Gina. (对画线部分进行提问) 5. My phone number is 673-8220. (对画线部分进行提问) 6. The picture is on the wall. (对画线部分进行提问) 7. Your baseball is under the chair. (对画线部分进行提问) 8. These are his parents. (改为一般疑问句) 9. This is my sister. (改为一般疑问句) 10. The baseball is under the bed. (改为一般疑问句) 5、按要求改写句子 1. My brother likes to play table tennis. (改为否定句)_____________________________________ (改为一般疑问句) _____________________________________
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(否定回答) _____________________________________ 2. She lives in a small town(小镇) near New York. (改为否定句 )_____________________________________ (改为一般疑问句)_____________________________________ ( 划线提问) _____________________________________ 3. I watch TV every day. (改为否定句) _____________________________________ (改为一般疑问句)_____________________________________ ( 划线提问) _____________________________________ 4. Mr.Black usually waters the flowers at 9:00 o’clock. (改为一般疑问句 ) _____________________________________ (作出肯定回答) _________________________________________ (改为否定句)____________________________________________ 5. Su Yang usually washes some clothes on Saturday. 否定句: _____________________________________ 一般疑问句: _____________________________________ 肯定回答 : _____________________________________ 三 拓展延伸 主将从现是指在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,如果主句是一般将来时,从句用一般现在时替代一般将来时。 常见的有以下四种情况: 一、条件状语从句的主句是一般将来时,那么从句常常用一般现在时 如: When I grow up, I’ll be a nurse and look after patients 二、如果主句是祈使句,那么从句通常要用一般现在时 如:Don’t laugh at me when I make a mistake. 三、如果主句是含有情态动词的一般现在时,根据需要从句多用一般现在时 如:You should be quiet when you are in the reading room 四. 如果 if 的条件状语从句遇到变换间接和直接时 , 祈使句应用 not to.... 如; She said not to close the window 常见的时间状语从句的连词有:as soon as, when, while , as, until 等 主将从现说的是在含有时间状语从句和条件状语从句的主从复合句中, 如果主句的时态是一般将来时, 那么从句 要用一般现在时。例如: I will tell him about it when he comes. If it is fine tomorrow, we will go outing. 如果主句的时态是过去将来时,那么从句要用一般过去时。例如: He said that he would have another try if he had the chance. I knew he could help me if he was free the next day. 主将从现练习题 ( )1. If you want to learn English well, you must use it as ___ as possible. A. often B. long C. many D. soon ( )2. ---What will Bill do if he ____in the test? ---He will try again. A. fail B. fails C. will fail D. is failing ( ) 3. Please tell her the news when she_____. OK, I will. A. comes B. will come. C. come D. would come ( ) 4. The students will plant trees if it ___ tomorrow.
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A. didn’t rain B. hasn’t rained C. won’t rain D. doesn’t rain ( ) 5. We__ home if there is no bus. ---Oh, what a pity! A. will walk B. have walked C. walked D. walk ( ) 6 . If it _____ tomorrow, I’ll go by car. A. rain B. will rain C. rains D. would rain ( ) 7. If Mary _______ next Sunday, we will go boating together. A. will come B. comes C. shall come D. should come ( )8. --- Don’t forget to ask him to write to me. --- I won’t. As soon as he _______, I’ll ask him to write to you. A. will come B. came C. comes D. is coming ( )9. --- _____ the young girl _____ the old man clean his room every day? --- Yes, she does. A. Does; help B. Has; helped C. Did; help D. Do; helps ( )10. --- What does Linda often do in the evening? --- She often _______ her homework, but on the evening of March 12 she _______ TV. A. does; watches B. is doing; watched C. does; watched D. is doing; was watching ( )11. Our geography teacher told us yesterday that the earth _______ around the sun. A. was moving B. moved C. has moved D. moves ( )12. --- Do you like this silk dress? --- Yes, I do. It _______ so soft and comfortable. A. is feeling B. feels C. has felt D. is felt ( )13. --- Can I go to Beijing for my holiday, Dad? --- You can when you _______ a bit older. A. will get B. get C. are getting D. got ( )14. If he _______harder, he will catch up with us soon. A. study B. studies C. will study D. studied ( )15. Frank _______ to see his grandma if he _______ free tomorrow. A. will come; will be B. comes; is C. will come; is D. comes; will be ( ) 16. –When will you tell him the good news? --I will tell him about it as soon as he _______ back. A. comes B. came C. will come D. is coming ( ) 17. _______ me carefully, boys and girls. Can you _______ me? A. Listen to; hear B. Hear; listen to C. Hear; hear D. Listen to; hear from ( ) 18. It won’t ______ them much time to fly to Beijing from Shanghai. A. spend B. use C. take D. pay ( ) 19. –Do you like the music the Moonlight Sonata? --Yes, it ______ really beautiful. A. feels B. sounds C. listens D. hears 四 综合练习 1. 单选 1.一 do you watch TV? 一 0nce a week.only on Sunday evenings. A.How long B.How much C.How often D.How many days 2.一——does Betty do on weekends 7 一 She often reads at home. A.Where B.What C.How D.Why
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3.一——hours do they exercise every week? 一 About 40 hours.I think. A.How many B.How long C.How often D.How 4.She doesn’t like exercising,so she looks——. A.pretty unhealthy B.hardly unhealthy C.a kind of unhealthy D.good healthy 5.(2012 江苏泰州中考)The moonlight is shining in ——the window.Everything in the room looks so nice. A.over B.across C.through D.past 6.The girl is pretty healthy because——is quite good. A.eat habit B.an eating habit C.her eating habit D.her eat habit 7.(2012 湖北荆州中考)一}{ow often do you exercise? 一——ever.Because I am very busy with my work. A.Hardly B.Nearly C.Always D.Almost 8.Miss Yang likes movies,but she——goes to the movies.She doesn’t have enough time. A.never B.often C.usually D.hardly ever 9.(2012 山东威海中考)I always enjoy visiting Lon—don. 1 wouldn’t like to live there. A.because B.so C.but D.and 10.——hamburgers are junk food,many children like them. A.If B.Unless C.Because D.Although 1 1.Eating too much junk food is an——habit. A.healthy B.unhealthy C.interesting D.important 12.In our class.85%of the students take the bus to sch001.S0——students in our class get to school by bus. A.all B.most C.a few D.almost 13.一 Do you think eating too much food is——us? 一 I don’t think s0.We should do some exercise.I think. A.good for B.good to C.bad for D.bad to 14.一 Why did you sleep so late yesterday? --Because l wanted today’s math test. A.study B.study for C.to study D.to study for 1 5.Eating lots of vegetables and enough meat can—————you healthy all the time. A.make B.get C.keep D.stay 2. 完形填空 (2013 浙江台州外国语学校月考) What do the people usually do on weekends? Some people like to 16 at home,but others like to go out for a walk or play football.Mr.Smith l 7 hard in a factory during(在……期间)the l8.0n the weekends,he usually l 9 the same thing.On Saturday he washes his car and on 20 he goes with his family to a village(村庄)by ear.His uncle and aunt 21 a farm there. It isn’t a big one, but they always have 22things to do on the farm. The children help with the animals and give them some 23 .Mr.and Mrs.Smith help in the field.At the end of the day,they are all 24 and Mr.Smith’s aunt 25 them a big meal. 16.A.play B.stay C.be D.so 17.A.works B.does C.makes D.studies 18.A.day B.year C.week D.month 19 A does B do C make D.has 20.A.Friday B.Saturday C.Thursday D.Sunday 21.A.has B.have C.bring D.find 22.A.much B.many C.any D.no
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23.A.cakes B.rice 24.A.hungry B.angry 25.A.gives B.puts

C.food D.fruit C.full D.happy C.makes D.done

3.阅读 Xiao Lin’s father is ill. His mother must look after him at home. So she says to her son. ―Go to the hospital and ask a doctor to come to HS.Xiao Lin.‖ ―0K.‖says the boy.―But where is the hospital?‖ ―In the town.‖answers his mother. Then Xiao Lin leaves his house.He gets to a fork (岔路口).He doesn’t know if he turns right or left.He stands there.Just then a farmer drives a carriage(马车) and comes. ―How far is the town from here?‖ asks Xiao Lin. ―Two kilometers.‖says the farmer. ―May I take your carriage?‖ ―Certainly.’’ ―Thank you very much,‖Xiao Lin is happy and gets on the carriage.Half an hour later the carriage doesn’t get to the town. ―How far is the town from here?‖ Xiao Lin asks again. ―Four kilometers,‖says the farmer. ―Why is the town farther now?‖ ―The carriage is going in the opposite direction.‖ 26.Xiao Lin must ask a doctor to come because . A.his father is busy B.his mother must look after his father C.the town is not far D.he often goes there 2 7.——,so he stops at the fork. A.Xiao Lin wants to have a rest B.Xiao Lin doesn’t know the way to the town C.Xiao Lin wants to wait for the carriage D.Xiao Lin must go to the town by himself 28.Half an hour later Xiao Lin is farther from the town because . A.the farmer is afraid of him B.the farmer takes him to another hospital C.the carriage goes very fast D.the carriage takes him to the opposite direction 29.Xiao Lin wants . A.the farmer to take him to the town B.to know which direction he should turn to C.to take the farmer’s carriage D.the farmer to tell him where the town is 30.The town is kilometers away when Xiao Lin asks the farmer again. A.two B.four C.six D.eight 五 中考演练 1.(2013 安徽太和期中,4,★☆☆)

is good for our health.
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A.Drink milk B.Drinking milk C.Drinks milk D.You drink milk 2.(2013 浙江余姚期中,26,★☆☆) do you go to the Children’s Palace? _______Once a week. A.How many B.How often C.How much D.How old 3.(2013 浙江台州外国语学校月考,20,★★☆)She is sad, she looks happy. A.so B.and C.because D.although 4.(2013 广东茂名愉园中学期中,35,★★☆)I think is more important than money.So let’s run every day. A.times B.study C.health 5.(2011 甘肃金昌四中期中,24,★★☆) too much TV isn’t good 0ur eyes. A.Watch;to B.Watchin9;for C.Watch:for D.Watchin9;to 6.(2012 山东日照,30,★☆☆)I don’t think fast food is good for our health,So l go to MacDonald. A.seldom B.always C.usually D.often 7.(2012 辽宁大连,10,★☆☆)The 0f the great book, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,is Mark Twain. A.theme B.price C.owner D.writer 8.(2012 山东枣庄,20,★☆☆)1 want to write for international to become a writer. A.chairs B.computers C.doors D.magazines 9.(2012 江西,29,★★☆) the girl is only nine,she takes care of her brother and cooks meals every day. A.If B.Because C。Although D.As 10.(2012 福建福州,34,★☆☆)It was such a funny show that people couldn’t help again and again. A.1augh B.to laugh C.1aughing 11.(2011 湖南株洲,25,★☆☆) does your mother watch the Talk Show? ------Once a week. A.How long B.How often C.How soon 12.(201 1 江西,27,★☆☆)I can’t eat any more food.I am . A.busy B.hungry C.full D serious 13.(2010 湖北黄石,★☆☆)一 You seem to like watching TV very much.Which do you like best? 一 Lucky 52.I like Li Yong very much. A programme B.screen C.progress D. description 14.(2009 湖北孝感,27,★☆☆)Is William’s lifestyle David’s? A.the same B.same as C same to D the same as

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