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2019-2020学年高中英语 Unit 24 Society Section Ⅲ Utopia

Section Ⅲ Utopia & A Changing World


1.________ n.


2.________ n.


3.________ n.


4.________ n.


5.________ vt.


6.________ adj.


7.________ vt.&vi.


8.________ n.


9.________ n.


10.________ vt.


11.________ vt.&vi.


12.________ vt.


13.________ n.


14.________ adj.


15.________ vt.


16.________ vt.


17.________ vt.

18.________ n.


19.________ n.


20.________ vt.


【答案】 1.virtue 2.framework 3.feast 4.surplus 5.elect 6.merciful 7.sow

8.collision 9.fountain 10.wag 11.rot 12.skip 13.edition 14.fragrant 15.cast

16.undertake 17.squeeze 18.thirst 19.container 20.relay

根据提示补全下列短语 1.show ________



2.knock ________ sb.


3.________ point


4.set ________


5.take ________


6.make ________


7.pick ________


8.keep an eye ________


9.________ doubt


10.date back ________


11.more ________


【答案】 1.off 2.into 3.turning 4.up 5.up 6.up 7.up 8.on 9.no 10.to


根据提示补全下列教材原句 1.They come to see the grand sights of the Great Wall and the Forbidden City but often it_is the hutongs that leave the strongest impression... 他们特意来看长城和紫禁城的壮丽景色,但常常是那些胡同给他们留下最深的印象…… 2.By connecting people's homes,the hutongs in fact connected people's lives, whether the lives of the rich or the lives of the ordinary citizens. 胡同不仅使家家户户相通,实际上不管是富人还是普通人,他们的生活都被胡同联系起来 了。 3.They were then able to place guards at the entrances of the various hutongs, which made_it_easier to keep an eye on people's movements. 他们派兵把守着胡同的入口,这样做使他们容易监视人们的举动。 4.They supported each other when help was needed and shared the joy and sadness of everyday life, no_doubt sharing recipes,borrowing mops,and burning fragrant incense together. 他们患难与共,共同分享生活中的喜悦与烦忧,更不消说分享菜谱、借用拖把、一起燃点 香烛这些活动。 5 . They can also stop under a stone arch and watch the hutong world go by while_enjoying a plate of Beijing's best “Peking Duck” or satisfying their thirst with a cold Tsingtao beer. 他们还可以在一座石拱桥下停下来,品尝一盘北京最著名的“北京烤鸭”或喝上一杯冰爽

阅读 P38 课文并从四个选项中选择最佳答案 1.Every year thousands of tourists come to Beijing to________. A.taste Beijing's best “Peking Duck” B.walk through Beijing's hutongs C.visit the Great Wall and the Forbidden City D.play and live in the courtyards 2.We can see that the population rose quickly________. A.in the Yuan Dynasty B.in the Ming Dynasty C.at the end of the Qing Dynasty D.in 1949 3.Which of the following is NOT true? A.The Beijing's hutongs always make a strong impression on tourists. B.The Emperors in the past paid no attention to the ordinary citizens' movements. C.People living in the hutongs could share a lot of things. D.We can know Beijing's past and present through the hutongs. 4.The place where people lived was like a real community because of________. A.the hutongs B.the rectangular courtyards C.the neat blocks of houses D.the preservation of the hutongs 5.The conditions in Beijing's hutongs once went down because ________. A.the Emperor stopped repairing them B.the political situation affected China's economy C.the population increased quickly D.no one was interested in them 【答案】 1.C 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.B
阅读 P38 课文,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 Every year thousands of tourists flock to China with the 1.________(late) edition of China's “Lonely Planet” guidebook in their hands.But often it is the hutongs that leave the 2.______(strong) impression.Hutongs — the many little alleys 3.____ connect

the rectangular courtyards of 4.______(tradition) houses—are a feature of ancient Chinese architecture.
By 5.______(connect) people's homes, the hutongs in fact connected people's lives.They supported each other and shared the joy and 6.____(sad) of everyday life, no doubt sharing recipes, borrowing mops,and burning fragrant incense together.
Towards the end of the Qing Dynasty, the conditions in Beijing's hutongs went down as the 7.______(politics) situation cast a dark cloud on China's economy.The turning point came when the People's Republic of China 8.______(set up).Conditions improved a great deal and the government undertook the 9.______(preserve) of many of the oldest hutongs.Hutongs are still an important part of Beijing life and it is not 10.______(surprise) that tourists love the hutongs.
【答案】 1.latest 2.strongest 3.that 4.traditional 5.connecting 6.sadness 7.political 8.was set up 9.preservation 10.surprising

show off 炫耀;夸耀 (教材 P138)Nobody has any desire to show off... 没有人有炫耀的欲望……

show in/into show out show sb.round/around show up

领进(客人等) 送出(客人) 领某人(到处)参观 露面;出现

①Part of the nurse's job is to show people into the doctor's office. 把人们领进医生的诊室是护士工作的一部分。 ②The quiz showed up Cane's weak points in physics. 这次测验显示出凯恩在物理学方面的弱点。 [语境助记] After the manager showed us around the factory to see the products on show, Tom didn't show up. It is typical of him to show off. So we didn't wait for him and the manager showed us out. 经理带领我们参观工厂看展出的产品后,汤姆还没出现。他一贯喜欢炫耀。因此我们没有 等他,经理带我们出去了。
elect vt. 选举;推选

(教材 P138)There is a leader in each area of the town and each town has an elected leader.

elect sb.(to be)sth./as sth. elect sb.to do sth. elect to do sth.

选举某人为…… 选择某人做某事 选择/决定做某事

①We elected him(to be) monitor.我们选他当班长。

②They elected him to_speak(speak) at the meeting.


③They elected to_die(die) fighting rather than surrender.


[明辨异同] elect/choose/select


“选举”,指通过正式方式选择,后接人及所任职位,且职务前不 加冠词


“选择,抉择”,用途最广,指一般的“选择”;指“抉择”时侧 重意志或判断


“精选”,指在同种的许多东西中,仔细审慎地加以选择,标准较 严格


④They were ________from among many applicants.

⑤He ________a book from these.

⑥We ________him chairman.

【答案】 ④selected ⑤chose ⑥elected

merciful adj.仁慈的,宽大的

(教材 P138)The government is merciful... 政府是仁慈的……

mercy n. show mercy to without mercy at the mercy of

仁慈;宽恕;怜悯 对……仁慈 残忍地;毫不留情地 任凭……的摆布;完全受……的支配

have mercy on/upon


①They killed the injured animals without mercy. 他们残忍地杀死了受伤的动物。 ②They were lost,at the mercy of the wind and waves. 他们迷了路,任凭风和海浪的摆布。 ③Please show mercy _to the child. 请对这孩子仁慈一点吧。
knock into sb.撞上某人;偶然遇上 (教材 P138)...I nearly knocked into somebody crossing the road! ……在横过马路的时候我差点撞到别人!

knock over knock down knock off knock about/around knock at/on

把……打翻;把……撞倒 撞倒;击倒;推倒;拆除 停止;中断 漫游;闲逛 敲(门、窗等)

①The child knocked down/over the glass. 那孩子打翻了杯子。 ②France knocked Belgium out in the football match. 在这次足球赛中,法国队击败了比利时队。 ③What time do you knock off this afternoon? 你今天下午什么时候下班?
take up 开始从事;对……有兴趣;接纳;占据;继续 (教材 P37)...I'd like to take up acting. ……我愿意从事表演。

take back take in take off take on take over

收回;使回忆起 接纳;接收;包括;领会;理解;欺骗 脱下;起飞;成功 雇用;呈现;具有;同……较量;承担;从事 接受;接管

①I take back what I just said. 我收回刚说的话。 ②Trees take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen. 树木吸收二氧化碳并呼出氧气。 ③The village has taken on a new look. 村子呈现了新面貌。
make up 编造;弥补;整理;和解;化妆;制定;形成;构成;占 (教材 P37)But the teacher thought I was making up an excuse. 但是老师认为我正在编造理由。
写出下列句子中 make up 的含义 ①Non?Han people make up nearly 30% of Yunnan's
population.________ ②They made him up as an old man for the last out of the play.________ ③I have to make up the lessons I missed.________ ④At your first meeting you should make up a rule book.________ 【答案】 ①占 ②化妆;打扮 ③弥补 ④编写

make from/out of... make...into make it make out make sure

用……制成 制成;做成;使转变为 及时赶到;成功;达到目的 填写;应付;理解 确认;确保

⑤She made the cloth into a dress. 她把这块布料做成一件衣服。 ⑥Maybe one day he will make it to the Olympics! 或许有一天,他会成功进入奥运会! ⑦I can't make out what the article says. 我无法理解这篇文章讲的是什么。
pick up 捡起;收听;继续;无意间学会;接人;(偶然)结识,获得;恢复健康;振 作;加速;整理,收拾
(教材 P37)Though sometimes my neighbour picks me up in the morning and takes me there in her car.

尽管有时候我邻居早上用她的车接我去那里。 写出下列句子中 pick up 的含义
①We were able to pick up the BBC world service.收听 ②Here's a tip I picked up from my mother.获得 ③We managed to pick up a few bargains at the auction.买到 ④Will you pick up all your toys?收拾

pick out pick on pick off

挑出,辨认出 挑选;挑剔 摘去

⑤My father helped me pick out a new book. 我父亲帮我挑了一本新书。
more than 不只是;不仅仅;非常;多于,超过 (教材 P38)Nowadays,the word “hutong” has come to mean more than just the alleys that connect the courtyards. 现在,“胡同”这个词不仅仅是指连接庭院的小巷子。

no more than more...than not more than no more+adj.+than more than one...

意为“仅仅,只有”,有强烈表示 少的意思,相当于 only。 意为“与其……倒不如”,中间 接形容词原级。 意为“不超过,不多于,顶多, 至多”,用在数字前面。 意为“同……一样不”,是对 比较双方的否定。 意为“不止一个……”,作主语 时谓语动词用单数形式。

①After the long march,we were all more than tired. 长途行军后,我们都很累。 ②The boy is more reserved than quiet. 与其说这个男孩文静,不如说他矜持。


③I'm no_more_nervous_than you are. 我和你一样不紧张。
cast vt.投;掷;抛 (教材 P38)Towards the end of the Qing Dynasty,the conditions in Beijing's hutongs went down as the political situation cast a dark cloud on China's economy.清代末 期,恶化的政治形势使中国经济日趋衰败,北京胡同的状况也衰落了。

cast out cast aside cast down

赶走,驱逐 抛弃,丢弃 使沮丧,使失望(常用于被动语态)

①He cast aside the newspaper impatiently. 他不耐烦地把报纸扔到一边。 ②She was cast down for several days after she heard the bad news. 听到那个坏消息后,她沮丧了好几天。
undertake vt.着手做,从事;承担;许诺 (教材 P38)Conditions improved a great deal and the government undertook the preservation of many of the oldest hutongs. 胡同的条件得到了很大的改善,政府对很多早期的胡同进行了修缮和保护。

undertake sth. undertake to do sth./that undertake for sth. undertake that...

承接/承担/承办某事 从句 承办某事,答应做某事 保证,担保 保证……

①He undertook to pay(pay) the money back within six months. 他保证六个月之内还钱。 ②The government undertook that the buildings would not be redeveloped. 政府承诺不会改造这些大楼。
(教材 P38)They can walk up Sanmiao Street,which dates_back 900 years,wander down Rongxian-the longest hutong at 2 km or squeeze through Qianshi—the narrowest at only 40 cm wide!他们可以在九百年前修建的三庙街散步,或徜徉在长达两公里的最长的 绒线胡同,或侧身挤过最窄处只有 40 厘米的钱市胡同!


(1) squeeze vt.& vi.(使)挤入;挤过 vt.榨出;挤出;拧出

squeeze in/into squeeze out(of) squeeze one's way squeeze through squeeze up

挤进去 榨取 推开别人挤过 挤过,勉强通过 (使)挤紧;(使)挤拢

①We squeezed into the crowded room. 我们挤进了拥挤的房间。 ②He took off his wet clothes and squeezed the water out. 他脱下湿衣服,把水拧出来。 (2)date back 追溯到(后接时间段)

date back to=date from to date =up to now/so far

始于;追溯到 到目前为止

out of date 过时的;陈旧的???作表语 up to date 最新的;现代的 ??

out?of?date 过时的;陈旧的???作定语 up?to?date 最新的;现代的 ??

③The Great Wall of China dates back to/dates from the Qin Dynasty. 中国长城始建于秦朝。 ④The information is out of date. 这资料已经过时了。 ⑤We haven't got further information to date. 到目前为止,我们尚未获得进一步的消息。 [名师点津] date from/date back to 常指“以现在为起点”向前推,故在句中作谓语时,常用一般现 在时;没有进行时态,也没有被动语态。

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.They asked her to be merciful(mercy) to the prisoners.

2.He undertook(undertake) the task of organizing the whole plan. 3.Drink whenever you feel thirsty(thirst) during exercise. 4.I wish to congratulate you on your being_elected(elect) as President of the General Assembly. 5.The child found a gap and squeezed(squeeze) in. Ⅱ.选词填空
show off; knock into; take up; make up; pick up; more than; date back 1.This kind of building dates_back to the Ming Dynasty. 2.He was in such a hurry that he almost knocked_into the headmaster. 3.Women officers make_up 13 per cent of the police force. 4.Stephanie_took_up making jewellery after leaving art college this summer. 5.Those boys always_show_off_their sports skills to the girls. 6.I picked_up a piece of wood and started carving. 7.Modern science is more_than a large amount of information.
(教材 P38)By connecting people's homes,the hutongs in fact connected people's lives,whether the lives of the rich or the lives of the ordinary citizens.
胡同不仅使家家户户相通,实际上不管是富人还是普通人,他们的生活都被胡同联系起来 了。
【要点提炼】 句中 whether...or...是固定句型,表示“无论是……还是……;不管是…… 还是……”。
一般来说,用 whether 可以构成“whether...or...,whether...or not,whether or not...”等结构。下面就 whether 的用法做出归纳:
(1)作“是……还是……”解时,whether 表示一种选择,其后可以跟介词短语或不定式短 语。
(2)作“是否,会不会”解时,whether 可用来引导名词性从句,即主语从句、宾语从句、 表语从句和同位语从句。
(3)作“不论是……还是……”解时,whether 引导让步状语从句。
①She made the mistake whether by accident or by design. 不知是偶然还是故意,她犯了这个错误。

②Whether they consider this opinion or not is not clear.(=It is not clear whether they consider this opinion or not.)
他们是否考虑这个意见还不清楚。 ③ Whether__you_can_see_the_moon__or_not,it is always round. 不论你能否看得见月亮,它总是圆的。 完成句子 1.不管是赢是输, 这都是她最后的机会。 ____________________, this is her last chance. 2.我一边看杂志,一边等。 ________________, I was reading some magazines. 3.除非你被邀请,否则你不应该来参加他的宴会。 You shouldn't come to his party ____________________. 【答案】 1.Whether she wins or loses 2.While(I was) waiting 3.unless (you were) invited

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