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2018高考英语(人教版)大一轮复习课件:必修五 U3 (共51张PPT)


话题23 计划于愿望

基础知识自测 重点词汇讲练 写作句型仿写

基础知识自测

一、单词拓展

(A)单词派生

impress 1. _____________ v. 给人印象 impressive _____________ adj. 印象深刻的 impression n. 印象; 感想; 印记 _____________

adjust 2. __________ v. 调整;调节

____________ adjustment n. 调整;调节
____________ adjustable adj. 可调节的

3. type ______ v. 打字;分类 ___________ n. 打字机 typewriter

________ n. 打字员 typist
4. ________ v. 按;压 press __________ n. 压力 pressure

constant 5. ____________ adj. 不断的
constantly ____________ adv. 不断地

6. ___________ certain adj. 确定的
uncertain ____________ adj. 不确定的

(B)灵活运用 1. ____________ Surrounded by green hill on the north and a clear river on the east, this village really enjoys nice surroundings ___________. (surround) 第一空是被动, 即“被包围, 被围绕”, 故用过去分词短语作状语; 第二空用名 词作宾语。

2. He ________ constantly (constant) complained about the bad living conditions. 2. 副词修饰动词。

3. --What’s your ___________ impression of your English teacher? --He is a kind and handsome young impresses me most is man, but what __________ his sense of humour. (impress) 3. 在形容词性物主代词后用名词; 第 二空用动词作谓语,主语what是第三人 称单数。

required that all students 4. It is _________ should wear the school uniform in school, but not all students obey the requirement (require) ___________. 4. 第一空It is required that是固定句 式,表示“按要求”;第二空用名词 作宾语。

5. The nurse _______ pressed the wound pressure to the arm and the _______ stopped the bleeding at last. (press)
5. 第一空作谓语用动词,由stopped可 知用一般过去式;第二空作主语用名 词。

二、短语翻译 1. __________ take up 拿起; 接受; 开始; 继续
2. ____________ (快速而悄声地)移动 slide into 3. _________________ 看不见 lose sight of ...

4. ____________ safety belt 安全带

5. _____________________ be back on one’s feet 完全复原 6. ____________ 打扫;横扫 sweep up

7. ____________ 加速 speed up
8. ______________ be similar to 与……相似

9. ___________________ 向四面八方 in all directions 10. be __________________ optimistic about 对…感到乐观

11. ______ as if 似乎;好像
12. ___________ in no time 立刻;马上

三、语篇填空
The passage is about a letter written by Li Qing who is taking up the prize that he won last year. At first he was nervous and uncertain 1 __________(certain) about the journey. However,with Wang Ping’s guiding,Li Qing was transported into the future safely (safe). Hit by a lack of fresh air, 2 ______ 3 ____ his (he) head ached and he tried to make the necessary 4 __________ adjustment (adjust) to this new situation.

on Soon he was back 5 ____his feet again and flew after Wang Ping in a hovering driven carriage 6 _________(drive) by computer. Arriving (Arrive) at Wang Ping’s 7 __________ a house,Li Qing was shown into 8 ______ large room with a green wall made of trees, 9 ______ whose leaves provided the room with slid oxygen. Exhausted,Li Qing 10 ______ (slide) into bed and fell fast asleep.

四、语段改错 At the first my new surroundings was were difficult to tolerate. The airs seemed thin, air as though its combination of gases have had little oxygen left. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.

Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment to this new situation, Wang Ping appeared. “Put up this mask,” he Put on advised. “It’ll make you feel more better.” feeling much

He handed it to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room nearby for rest. I felt better on no time. a in Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage drove by computer. driven

1. 去掉first前的the 因at first (起初,首 先) 是固定搭配。 2. was→ were 因该句的主语是my new surroundings,谓语要用复数。 3. airs→ air 是不可数名词。 4. have→ had 因结合上下文可知用一般 过去时。 5. Put up→ Put on 指“戴上”面罩而非 贴上面罩。

6. feeling→ feel 由make sb. do sth.可知。 7. more→ much 因much 才能修饰比较级 better, 意为“好多了”。 8. 在rest前加上a 因for a rest 是固定搭配。 9. on→ in 因in no time(立即,马上)是固 定词组。 10. drove→ driven 因a hovering carriage 和drive是被动关系,用过去分词作定语。

重点词汇讲练

1. previous adj. 先前的;之前的 原句 ...but it seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period. 但在你脑子里似乎会不断闪现 以前的时光。(B5P17)

例句 He did better in his previous study.他在预习方 面做得好。 搭配 previous to 在……之 前(to是介词)

运用 根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 ⑴你有做过这种工作经验吗?

Do you have ____________________ any previous experience of this kind of job?

⑵来这里之前,我为你准备了文件。 ______________________,I Previous to coming here prepared all the documents for you.

2. lack vi.缺少; 缺乏 n. 缺少; 缺乏; 短缺的东西
原句 Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. 由于缺乏新鲜空气, 我感到 头痛。(B5P18) 例句 The plant died for a lack of water. 植物因缺水而枯死了。

搭配

lack sth.缺乏某物(lack作 vt.) lack of sth.缺乏某物(lack作 n.) be lacking in缺乏(某种品质、特点 等), 不够

运用 ⑴ 因为缺钱,他付不起上大学的学费。 Because he _________(lack) money, lacked he could not afford to go to the university. =Because of _________ (lack) of money, he lack could not afford to go to the university. ⑵ 你不能指望她,她缺乏责任心。 You can not depend on her for she is ____ lacking in responsibility. _________

3. impression n. 印;印记;印象
原句 First impression ((B5P17)) 第一印象

例句 Your performance gave me a strong impression. 你的表演给我留 下了很深的印象。

搭配
make an impression on sb. 给某人留下 印象 give sb. a favorable impression给某人 以好印象 make no impression on对……无影响/ 效果

运用 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴ 你对他的印象如何?(他给你的印象怎样 ?)

What’s your impression of him?

⑵ 我的话对他不起作用。 made no impression on What I said _________________________ _____________. him.

4. desert vt. 抛弃 adj. 废弃的 n. 沙漠

原句 What would you do if you found yourself alone on a desert island? 如果你发 现你自己一个人在一座荒岛上, 你会怎么办? (B5P21) 例句 Nobody likes to live in that desert region. 没有人喜欢生活在那个沙漠地区。

运用 ⑴The baby’s mother deserted him soon after giving birth. vt. 词义 _______ 抛弃 (词性____; )

⑵ After the war, a lot of desert houses can be seen here and there. adj. 词义________ (词性____; 废弃的 )

⑶The writer decided to live in the Sahara Desert for some time. 沙漠 n. 词义________) (词性___;

5. take up 占据(时间,空间等); 对…… 感兴趣;开始从事;接受
原句 I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year. 我现在仍然不能相信我是在去年获得的 这个奖励。(B5P17) 例句 I am so proud to take up the prize. 能拿这个奖我很自豪。

运用 根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 ⑴玩电脑游戏占用太多时间, 而且很 无聊。 Playing computer games takes _______ up

____________ too much time and it’s very boring.

⑵ 为了保持健康, 约翰教授退休后开 始把骑自行车当作一种常规的运动。 To keep healthy, Professor Johnson took up cycling as a regular form of ______________ exercise after he retired.

⑶ 你打算接受这份工作吗? Are you going to______________ take up the job ?
⑷管读书占据了她一天中的大部分 时间,但海伦经常帮她妈妈。 Helen always helps her mother even takes up most though going to school _____________ of her day . ___________

写作句型仿写

1. No more... ! No more ...! 再也没有/不用……!再也没有/不用……! 原句 No more typists working on a typewriter or computer. No more postage or postcodes!再也不需要打字 员在打字机或电脑上工作了!再也不 需要邮费和邮政编码了!(B5P22)

例句 No more children playing here! No more noise annoying us! 再也不会有小孩子在这里玩了! 再 也不会有噪音吵到我们了!

仿写 根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 ⑴ 再也没有桌子出现在这儿! 也没有椅 子提供给我们!

No more desks appearing here! ___ No ___________________________ more chairs provided for us ! ⑵ 再也没有书要读, 再也没有练习题要 做了! No more books to read! _________ _________ No more _______________ exercises to do !

2. 疑问词+do you think+其他 你 认为……?

原句 What problems do you think people in the future will have overcome? 你认为未来的人 们将克服什么问题? (B5P22)

例句 Who do you think is the tallest in our class?你认为我们班 谁最高? 说明 除think外, believe, suppose, imagine, suggest, expect 等也可用于此句型。

仿写 根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 ⑴你觉得我们什么时候见面好?

When do you think is convenient ______________________________ for us to have a meeting? ⑵你认为我们从事这项工作什么东西最 要紧? _________________________ What do you believe matters when we take up the work?

3. When/ Until/ Though+ doing /done…当/直到/即使…的时候
原句 This is similar to the “jet lag” you get when flying, …这与你 在飞行过程中的时差反应是相类似 的。(B5P18)

例句 When crossing the road, the children are required to stop to look around and walk hand in hand.过马路时,孩子们被要求 停下观望再手牵手通过。

仿写 根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 (1)当被问及厕所在哪里时, 服务员非 常有礼貌地给客人带路。 ___________________________, When asked where the toilet is the waitress showed the way politely to the guest.

(2)直至完成作业, 小孩才被允许看 卡通片。 Until finishing the homework the __________________________, child was allowed to watch the cartoon film.

Thank You !


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