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First aid for burns.学案


First aid for burns
What is first aid? First aid is ______________________ given to someone who suddenly _______ or ___________ before a doctor can be found.

First aid quiz
1. The best way to treat a hurt ankle is to: A. Put an ice pack on your ankle. B.Put a heating pad (垫子) around your ankle. C. Keep on walking and jumping. 2. If you get a nosebleed, gently let your head back to stop the bleeding. A. True B. False 3. To treat a burn, you: A. Rub (擦) some butter on it. B. Hold the burnt part under cold running water. C. Put salt on the burnt part. 4. You should wait at least five minutes before touching somebody who has been struck by lightening, or you might get a shock (打击). A. True B. False 5. Your friend has an asthma (哮喘) attack, but she doesn’t have her medicine. You’d better: A. Get a paper bag for her to breathe into. B. Get her a cup of coffee. C. Take her outside for fresh air. 6. To treat a choke, you should make him /her spit by patting him/her on the back. A. True B. False 7. If someone is having a heart attack, you should first: A. Call 120 B. Perform CPR (心肺复苏 Skimming; Read the text quickly and complete the main idea of it. The text mainly introduces ______ types of burns and their characteristics as well as how to give _________________ when burns happen. Detailed reading; Read the text carefully and fill in the blanks. Causes 1. ______ Characteristics

Burns

hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun, electricity or chemicals First degree burns Second degree burns Third degree burns

◆ dry, red and ◆ rough, red and black and white and charred mildly 2. ________ swollen ◆ swollen; often 5. ______ ◆ mildly painful ◆ blisters under them can be seen ◆ turn 4. ________ surface ◆ little or no pain if 6. 3. ______ when ◆ extremely painful ____are damaged; may be pressed pain around edge of injured area

1

First aid treatment

◆ Take off clothing and 7. _________ near the burn. ◆ Place 8. _____, clean, wet ◆ Place cool cloths on the burned cloths on them until the pain area repeatedly for 9. _________ decreases. or so. ◆ Send the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.

First aid treatment

◆ 10. _____ the burned area gently. ◆ Cover the burned area with a dry, clean 11. _________. ◆ Keep burned arms or legs 12. ________ than the heart.

II. Choose the best answer. 1. In the text, burns are sorted according to the ______ of the skin burned. A. layer B. function C. type D. area 2. When cooling burns, cool water is used to do the following EXCEPT ______. A. stop the burning process B. prevent the pain becoming unbearable C. reduce swelling D. prevent any blisters being broken

Compreheding

pg35(1-3)

4. Read the first aid treatments for these burns. If the treatment is right, write R. If it is wrong, write W and explain why. 1. Sam knocked over a kettle full of boiling water onto his legs. His legs became red, swollen and covered with blisters. Sam broke the blisters and poured icy water from the fridge onto the skin. ( ) 2. While ironing clothes, Miss Good accidentally touched the iron. Her wrist blistered and became watery. It hurt a lot. She put her wrist under the cold water tap and then kept placing cool, clean, damp cloths on it until it was less painful. Then she went to see the doctor. ( ) 3. Mrs Casey’s sleeve caught fire while she was cooking. Her arm looked terrible but it didn’t hurt. The skin was charred. Her husband took off her blouse and picked off bits of the blouse stuck to the burn. He then placed butter on the burn and covered it with a wet bandage. ( ) 4. After an hour in the sun, Lily noticed her arms were red and hurt a bit. She went home and put them under cool running water. ( )

2


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