1. ImagLinaenygouurahgoemePboeignintssto shake
and you must leave it right away. 1) shake : vi /vt (shook, shaken) cause to move to and fro
shake hands with sb shake one’s head over /at sth e.g. The whole house shook during
the explosion. The explosion shook the house.
2) right away :at once ; in no time ; immediately e.g. He is ill; you should send him to the doctor right away.
2. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. rise (rose, risen)vi
go up; get higher; (of the sun, moon, stars, etc.) come above the horizon; stand up , get out of bed The flood has risen two feet. She usually rises early in the morning.
rise: 升起; 上升; 上涨；提拔，晋升 (不能用于被动语态)
raise: 举起; 使升起; 提高;养育，饲养 (可用于被动语态)
He _r_o_s_e_from his chair when the door
Her job is _r_a_is_i_n_g_ chickens.
Her temperature is still _r_i_si_n_g_.
He _h_a_s_r_i_se_n_in bank recently.
3. A smelly gas came out of the cracks.
smelly adj.发臭的 smell + y = adj.
health ---- healthy
wealth ---- wealthy wind ---- windy
smell n./v (smelt/ smelled)
They were all hungry and the food
I can _s_m_e_l_l _something burning in the
Please throw the __sm__e_ll_y_ fish away.
4. … the water pipes in some buildings cracked and ___b_u_r.st burst :to come open or flyapart suddenly The balloon suddenly burst. burst into + n. Some robbers burst into that house. They were so moved that they burst into tears. burst out + doing They burst out laughing.
burst into+ n. burst out + doing……
He burst into laughter. = He burst out laughing. He burst into tears. = He burst out crying.
5. event 名词, 意为“(重要的、不同寻常 的)事件”。如：
Leaving home was a major event in his life. This is one of the most important events
in the history of mankind. event 意思还有“(事先安排好的)演出, 赛事,
聚会”, “(体育比赛的)运动项目”等。如： The meeting was an important social event. The 800 meters is not his best event.
6. It seemed as if the world was at an end.
1) as if ①as if 在表语从句中相当于that: It seemed asif the meeting would neverend. 看起来会议没完没了。
It seemed as if the world was at an end!= It seemed that the world was at an end!
② as if 似乎, 好像 = as though She spoke to me as if she knew me.
她和我说话的神情, 好像她早就 认识我似的。
2)at an end 意为“结束”。如： The war was at an end.
I must warn you that my patience
is almost at an end. end用作名词构成的短语: at the end (of) 在……末尾 by the end of 到……为止 in the end 最后, 终于 come to an end 完结
at the end of用于表示具体事物或场所 的场合, 它也可以用来表示比喻意; by the end of用于表示时间的场合到 ……结束的时候, 用过去完成时态; in the end意思“最后、终于”。
用end构成的短语填空。 The cold weather at last stopped _a_t_t_h_e_e_n_d__o_f_ March. Our hunt for a cheaper but larger house is at last _a_t _a_n_e_n_d_. If you go on with work, you’ll succeed _in__t_h_e_e_n_d_. How many English words had you learned _b_y_t_h_e__en__d_o_f_ last term?
7. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.
ruin 在此为名词, 意为“废墟”， 常和介词in搭配, in ruins意为“成废 墟, 垮掉, 毁灭”。如： This earthquake left the whole town in ruins. His future is/lies in ruins.
ruin还可作动词, 意为“毁坏, 毁掉”， ruined作形容词时, 只用在名词前， 意为“毁坏的, 破败不堪的”。如： This illness has ruined his life. The rain ruined my painting. When we got there, we saw a ruined castle.
辨析: damage, ruin, destroy
①damage指部分“损坏”、“损害”、“破坏” 或指使用价值有所降低。它可以用作动词, 也可以用作名词, 用作名词时常与to something 连用。如:
The accident did a lot of damage to his car. ②destroy只能用作动词,指彻底破坏, 以致 不可能修复,常作“破坏”、“毁灭”解,也可以 指希望、计划等打破。
The earthquakedestroyed almost the
③ruin则表示破坏严重,以致不能修复,但这种 破坏不像destroy那样毁灭某物,而是强调致 使该物的使用价值发生了问题。用作动词时, 它作“使毁灭”、“使崩溃”、 “弄糟”解;用作 名词时,它表示 “毁灭”、 “瓦解”、 “废墟”等 抽象概念。ruin也有借喻的用法。
The fireruined the castle.
The house has fallen intoruin.
The company is facing ruin.
8. Two-thirds of the people died or were _in__ju_r_e_d_ during the earthquake.
More than 61% of the surface of the earth __is__covered by water. Seventy percent of the workers in this factory _a_r_e_young.
injure: to hurt oneself/ sb. / sth. physically
n. injury adj. injured theinjured 伤者, 伤员 an injured look/expression 委屈的样子/表情 injured pride/feelings 受到伤害的自尊、 情感 如： He suffered serious injuries to the arms and legs. Many of the injured are still in a serious condition.
hurt; 伤心，痛苦，感到疼痛 wound刀伤，枪伤，砍伤，打仗中创伤 Their criticisms _h_a_v_e_h_u_r_t_ him deeply. Smoking will _i_n_j_u_r_e__ his health. He was slightly _i_n_ju__r_ed__ in the car accident. He got _w_o_u_n__d_e_d_ in the fighting. What you said _h_u_r_t_ my feeling.
9. People were shocked. shock:n. 打击; 震惊, 震动
vt. 使震惊, 使惊愕 shocking:adj.使人震惊的
The news of his wife’s death was a
terrible shock to him.
You will get a shock if you touch the live wire.（通电的电线）.
I was shocked by his rudeness.
10. Such a great number of people died because the quake happened while they were sleeping. a number of 几个, 若干 a great/good number of 许多, 大量 如： A number of students are planting trees on the hill． A great number of volunteers are helping those people living in the earthquake-hit area.
a number of修饰可数名词的复数, number 前可用large, small, good, certain, great等修饰词。当它修饰 主语时, 谓语动词用复数。注意: the number of意为“……的数量, 数目”, 当它与后面的名词连用时, 中心词是 the number, 做主语时谓语用单数。
用a number of和the number of填空。 _A__n_u_m__b_e_r_o_f_ students are watching the games on the playground. _T_h__e_n_u_m__b_e_r_o_f_ trees planted in our village is never under 200 every year.
辨析: a (great) number of; a great deal
of; a lot of; plenty of a (great) number of 修饰可数名词, 跟复数形式; a great deal of 修饰不可数名词; a lot of 后面既可以加可数名词, 也可以加不可数名词; plenty of 后面既可以加可数名词, 也可以加不可数名词。
11. Some of the rescue workers and
doctors were trapped under the ruins. trap1) 做动词 ① 困住, 使陷于困境 如:
Dozens of people were trapped in
the building when the fire took place.
There’s no way out! We’re trapped!
Julia felt trapped in her role of wife
and mother. ② 诱骗, 诱使(trap sb into doing sth)”; 夹住, 压扁; 把……储存 如:
I was trapped into telling a lie. Take care not to trap your fingers in the door. How can you trap the sun’s heat? 2) trap还可作名词, 意为“圈套; 陷阱； 计谋”, 构成的常见短语有： set a trap 设置陷阱 fall/walk into a trap 落入圈套
lay a trap for 为……设下圈套 fall into the trap of doing sth 做某事不明智
keep your trap shut 不把……说出去, 不泄密 如: She felt that marriage was a trap. The police set a trap to catch the thief. Don’t fall into the trap of investing all your money in one place. Just keep your trap shut, and we won’t get into trouble.
12.People began to _w__o_n_d_e_r_ how long the disaster would last.
wonder : v. 1) to have a feeling of surprise 2) to be filled with curiosity or doubt. n.one that arouses astonishment,
surprise ; admiration It is no wonder (that)= No wonder (that)
---Tom often works deep into the night every day. ---Nowonder he always gets first in the
13. All hope was not lost.
all…not … = not all…; some… but not all
Notall the children are left. (= Only some of them left early.) Notall the children are noisy. (= Some of the children are not noisy.) ?noneof ….. Noneof us were allowed to go there. Noneof these reports is very helpful. None of 后跟物 谓语用单数；跟人，都可
14. The army organized teams to digout those who were trapped and to bury the dead. digout挖掘; 发现 bury : A. to place in the ground
B. to occupy (oneself) with deep concentration; absorb
The dog buried the bone in the ground. I buried myself in my studies. buryoneselfin= be buried in devoteoneselfto= be devoted to
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