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2018年最新高考英语语法易错题分类解析 短语动词考点

短语动词考点 ◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. When he realized the police had seen him, the man ______ the exit as quickly as possible. A. made off C. made out 【陷阱】容易误选 A. 【分析】 正确答案应选 B.make for 意为“移向, 走向”.最具干扰性的选项是 A, 因为 make off 的意思是“匆匆逃走”.之所以不能选 A,是因为 make off 不及物,其后不能接宾语;而 make for 是及物的,其后可以接宾语.另外两个选项的意思是:make out 指“勉强了解,开出 (支票等),成功”;make up 指“弥补,虚构,整理,编辑,化妆”. 2. Now and then they would ______ our house and have a talk with us. A. call on C. drop in on 【陷阱】几个干扰项均容易误选. 【分析】答案应选 B.drop in 意为“顺便走访,不预先通知的拜访”,为不及物动词,其 后不接宾语,若要接宾语,遵循以下原则:表示拜访某人,后接介词 on;表示拜访某地, 后接介词 at.call 表示“拜访”时也遵循以上原则,即 call at 后接地点,call on 后接人. 3. “Why didn’t you write?” “My ink has _______.” A. used up C. given away 【陷阱】几个干扰项均容易误选. 【分析】最佳答案为 D.give out 有很多意思,如表示“分发,发出(气味、热等),发表, 用尽,精疲力竭”等,此题取其“用尽”之义.选项 A 和 B 很具干扰性,它们均可表示“用完, 用尽”,但是它们是及物的,其后应接宾语.假若将选项 A 改为 been used up 也可以选. 4. I think your health will soon ______ if you have a holiday on the seaside. A. give up C. take up 【陷阱】几个干扰项均容易误选. 1 B. made for D. made up B. drop in at D. drop in B. run out of D. given out B. pick up D. get up 【分析】答案选 B.pick up 的意思很多,其中一个用法是表示“恢复,改进,改善”.如: The weather may pick up. 天气会好转的. Business is picking up again. 生意又有所好转. 除此之处还可表示“拿起,捡起;收拾,整理;学会,获得;(用车)来接,去取;重新 开始,继续;感染(疾病、坏习惯等)”等. 其他几个选项的意思分别为:give up 意为“放弃”;take up 意为“开始(学习或从事等), 继续,占去,接纳,提出”;get up 意为“起床”. ◆精编陷阱题训练◆ 1. To our surprise the stranger _____ to be an old friend of my mother’s. A. turned out C. set out B. turned up D. set up 2. All the girls swam in the lake except two, who _____ halfway. A. gave off C. gave away B. gave up D. gave out 3. If the new arrangement doesn’t _____, we’ll go back to the old one. A. work over C. work up B. work out D. work in 4. “Have great changes taken place in your village?” “Yes, A new school was ______ in the village last year.” A. held up C. sent up B. set up D. brought up 5. I had to ______ because someone else wanted to use the phone. A. give up C. hang up B. put up D. ring up 6. Elephants would ______ if men were allowed to shoot as many as they wished. A. die down C. die away B. die out D. die off 7. My study of biology has ___C___ much of my spare time, but it has given me a great deal of enjoyment. A. taken off 2 B. taken down C. taken up 8. The plan A. broke down C. turned down D. taken away ___ just because people were unwilling to co-operate(合作). B. pulled down D. put down 9. The government has _______ the parents to work with teachers in the education of their children. A. asked for C. looked for B. called for D

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