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【精选】_高中英语Unit24Society单元重点小结课件北师大版选修8_图文

单元重点 小结

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

走近高考 拓展阅读

1.abundant adj.

大量的,丰富的,充裕的

be abundant in...在……方面丰富 abundance n.大量;丰富 in

abundance 大量;丰富

例如:It is said that the country is abundant in fresh water (在淡

水方面丰富).

2.burden n.重担,负担 vt.

负担,背负

be burdened by...被……所困扰 be burdened with 承受……的负担

例如:He is young,but he is burdened with a heavy load

(背负

很大的担子).

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3.resign v. 辞职

resign from...从……辞职 resign oneself to甘受;顺从 resignation

n.辞呈

例如:He was so old that he decided to

resign from his position

(从职位上退下来).

4.show off 炫耀;夸耀

show sb.around 领着某人参观 show up出现,露面

例如:When she bought a new toy,she always

showed it off (炫耀).

5.knock into sb.撞上某人

knock back 使吃惊 knock down 撞倒 knock over 打翻

例如:He

knocked into me

(撞到我身上)that day,but

he didn’t say sorry to me.

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6.undertake vt.

着手做,从事,承担,接受

undertake to do sth.承诺做某事

例如:The manager undertook to offer me a good job

(承诺

给我一个好的工作).

7.squeeze vt. 挤

squeeze sth./sb.in把某物/人挤进去 squeeze out挤走 squeeze

through挤过,勉强通过

例如:The bus was very crowded,but we managed to

squeeze the little boy in

(把小男孩塞到车上).

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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8. on

principle 原则上

against one’s principle违背某人的原则 a matter of principle 原则问

题 in principle 大体上,基本上

例如:For most of us,it is really a matter of principle

(一个

原则问题).

9.consequently adv.

所以,因此

as a consequence 结果 in consequence of 因为 as a consequence

of 因为

例如:The young man lost his job as a consequence of the accident(因

为这次事故).

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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1.As a society,

it’s high time that

we took

these issues more seriously.

作为一个社会,现在是我们更加认真地对待这些问题的时候了。

2.They were then able to place guards at the entrances of the various

hutongs,which

made it easier to

keep an eye on

people’s movements.

然后他们就可以在各个胡同口设置哨兵,这更便于监视人们的活动。

3.By connecting people’s homes,the hutongs in fact connected

people’s lives,

. 胡wh同et不her仅th使e 家liv家es户of户th相e r通ich,实or际th上e l不ive论s o是f 富the人o还rdi是na穷ry人cit,i他ze们ns的生

活都被胡同联系起来了。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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4.They can also stop under a stone arch and watch the hutong world go

by

while enjoying a plate of

Beijing’s best “Peking

Duck” or satisfying their thirst with a cold Tsingtao beer.

他们还可以在一座石桥下停下来,品尝一盘北京最著名的“北京烤

鸭”或喝上一杯冰爽解渴的青岛啤酒,观赏着胡同的世界从岁月中

流逝。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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表示说服的句式

1.你最好开始为养老金存钱了。

You

had better start

saving for your pension.

2.如果我是你,我就把光着的胳膊盖起来。

If I were you,

I would cover my bare arms

.

3.我认为你应该告诉你丈夫你怀孕了。

I think

you should tell your husband

you’re pregnant.

4.你该开始思考你的未来了。

It’s time that

you started thinking about your future.

5.我宁愿你不要在晚上弹奏音乐。

I would rather you

didn’t play music at night.

6.她的老师们要求她穿长裙子。

Her teachers demand that

she should wear long skirts.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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Talking about one’s health and disease(谈论健康和疾病)

1.How are you feeling today?

2.I don’t feel very well this morning.

3.I was sick yesterday,but I’m better today.

4.My fever is gone,but I still have a cough.

5.My brother has a bad headache.

6.Which of your arms is sore?

7.My right arm hurts.It hurts right here.

8.What’s matter with you?

9.I’ve got a pain in my back.

10.Which foot hurts?Is it the left one?

11.How did you break your leg?

12.I slipped on the stairs and fell down.I broke my leg.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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13.Your right hand is swollen.Does it hurt? 14.It’s bleeding.You’d better go see a doctor about that cut. 15.I hope you’ll be well soon.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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浅谈主旨大意题解题策略 一、题型解读
主旨大意题主要是测试考生对一篇文章或一段文字的深层理解 程度以及在速读中准确把握文章主旨大意的能力。一般针对某一 语段或某一语篇的主题标题或目的设题。这类题目考查的范围是: 基本论点、文章标题、主题或段落大意等。它要求考生在理解全 文的基础上能较好地运用概括、判断、归纳、推理等逻辑思维方 法,对文章进行高度概括或总结。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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二、解题策略 常见的解题方法是: 1.抓住主题句。它们一般位于文章的开头或结尾。同时,也可以 贯穿各段中心句进行总结。 2.抓住文章逻辑线索,理清发展脉络。作者往往会采取举例、比 较、分类、归纳等不同方法来组织文章。 3.把握文章的体裁,分清文体,确定思维方向。 4.体会作者的写作意图和所要表达的思想感情,辨清褒贬态度。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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一般主旨大意题可以分为两类: 1.文章大意题 每篇阅读理解都有一个中心,获取文章中心思想的有效方法就是 找出主题句。主题句具有简洁性、概括性的特点,起统领全文的作 用,文中的所有事实、细节都是为其服务的。文章的主题句的位置 常在首段或尾段。因此,在阅读中,考生要对文章的首段和尾段及 段落的主题句给予特别的关注。有的中心思想隐含在文章中,比如 有的故事类文章可能没有主题句,这就需要考生对文中的事实、细 节进行分析、推断和归纳,从而概括出文章大意。主要设题形式:

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

走近高考 拓展阅读

□The main purpose of the article is to show that

.

□What is the main idea of the passage?

□The writer of the passage wants to tell us that

.

□The passage is mainly about

.

□What is the subject discussed in the passage?

□What does the passage mainly deal with?

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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【典题例析】

Children usually love dogs.And even those who are afraid of them at first grow to love these lovely animals once they get to know them.So let’s find out which small dog is the most suitable as a pet for your child,in case your little one is asking for a dog of his/her own.
When you choose a dog for children,a number of factors need to be kept in mind.People usually choose a dog based on its looks.However,looks can be cheating,as a lovely looking dog might be aggressive,and a strong looking dog might be gentle...
Another factor that needs to be kept in mind,while you choose small dogs for your child,is the character of the child who is going to be with the dog...

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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It is also good to have a dog that is easy to train,so that it can be taught to behave properly with children.This will ensure that the child is safe with the dog.However,it is not a good idea to leave a young child alone with a dog.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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●What does the passage mainly talk about? A.Different dogs have different characters. B.How to choose a dog for your child. C.Dogs are the most friendly animals. D.The best ways to keep your dog. 答案:B 解析:主旨大意题。本文在第一段点出主题“So let’s find out which small dog is the most suitable as a pet for your child,in case your little one is asking for a dog of his/her own.”然后下文进行了具 体介绍。故选B项。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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2.文章标题题

标题归纳题主要考查对文章主题思想的把握能力和对抽象概括

性语言的理解能力。文章的标题高度概括文章的内容,点明文章主

题,且短小精悍,言简意赅。它可以是单词、短语,也可以是简短的

句子,甚至可以是疑问词加不定式结构或名词加同位语结构,其主

要设题形式:

□What is the best title for this passage?

□Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

□The title that best expresses the idea of the passage is

.

□The most suitable title of this passage is

.

□What would be the most suitable title for the text?

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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【典题例析】 I was never very neat,while my roommate Kate was extremely organized.Each of her objects had its place,but mine always hid somewhere.She even labeled everything.I always looked for everything.Over time,Kate got neater and I got messier.She would push my dirty clothing over,and I would lay my books on her tidy desk.We both got tired of each other. War broke out one evening.Kate came into the room.Soon,I heard her screaming,“Take your shoes away!Why under my bed!” Deafened,I saw my shoes flying at me.I jumped to my feet and started yelling.She yelled back louder.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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The room was filled with anger.We could not have stayed together

for a single minute without a phone call.Kate answered it.From her

end of the conversation,I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill.When she hung up,she quickly crawled(爬)under her

covers,weeping.Obviously,that was something she should not go

through alone.All of a sudden,a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in

my heart.

Slowly,I collected the pencils,took back the books,made my

bed,cleaned the socks and swept the floor,even on her side.I got so into

my work that I even didn’t noticed Kate had sat up.She was

watching,her tears dried and her expression one of disbelief.Then,she

reached out her hands to grasp mine.I looked up into her eyes.She

smiled at me,“Thanks.”

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year.We didn’t always agree,but we learned the key to living together:giving in,cleaning up and holding on.
●What might be the best title for the story? A.My Friend Kate B.Hard Work Pays Off C.How to Be Organized D.Learning to Be Roommates 答案:D 解析:主旨大意题。本文介绍了作者和舍友性格差别很大,有过 矛盾,但是通过一方的让步化解了矛盾,和好如初,说明了与舍友相 处的原则。故选D项。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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【文章导语】 随着科技的高速发展,越来越多的人在使用智能

手机,而青少年沉溺智能手机已经成了严重的社会问题。

Lee Yun-soo has some regrets that she replaced her faded old phone with a smartphone six months ago.The high-school student enjoys showing funny photos,messaging friends and playing online games.But she said her smartphone is increasingly disrupting her life at school and home.“I hate doing it but I can’t help it,”she said.

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She is among the roughly 1 in 5 students in the country who the government said is addicted to smartphone use.This addiction is defined as spending more than seven hours a day using the phone and experiencing symptoms such as anxiety,insomnia and depression when cut off from the device.Earlier this month,the government said it plans to provide nationwide programs for youngsters by the end of the year and train teachers on how to deal with students with addiction.The country has had problems with online-game addiction among teenagers for years thanks to widespread availability of high-speed Internet services.The problem is surfacing in other tech-savvy countries such as Japan.A survey in Japan found that smartphone use among high school girls doubled last year.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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As well as distracting students from their studies,experts say it is

damaging interpersonal skills.When you spend more time texting

people instead of talking to them,you don’t learn how to read

nonverbal language.“It is standard practice in our schools for teachers

to collect mobile devices from their students during school hours—

with rare success.Some of them hide their phones and use them during

the break or even in class,”said Lee Kyoung-shin,a high-school

teacher in Incheon.“Smartphones are often the most important

possession for a young person,”said Ms.Tamura of Tokyo Seitoku

University.“It represents their connection to their friends.Not

participating could mean being left out from a circle of friends,so we

always find that children are terribly anxious to respond to

messages,”she said.

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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译文

Lee Yun-soo六个月前将她那部褪色的旧手机换成了智能手机,对

此她有些后悔。这个高中生喜欢(用手机)发布有趣的照片、跟朋

友相互发信息、玩在线游戏。但她说,智能手机正日渐扰乱她在学

校和家里的生活。她说,“我不喜欢这样,但又忍不住”。政府说该

国有五分之一的学生沉溺于智能手机,她就是其中一个。这种成瘾

的定义是每天使用手机的时间超过七个小时,并在无法使用手机时

出现焦虑、失眠、情绪低落等症状。本月早些时候,该政府说计划

在今年年内向青少年提供全国性的项目,并培训教师如何应对成瘾

学生。由于该国高速互联网服务的普遍应用,多年来一直有青少年

沉溺于在线游戏的问题。在日本等科技发达的国家也出现了这样

的问题。日本一项调查显示,去年高中女生使用智能手机的人数增

加了两倍。

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

走近高考 拓展阅读

专家说,智能手机除了让学生们在学习时分心,还正在损害人际 关系能力。当你把更多的时间用在跟人发短信,而不是和别人交谈 上时,你就不知道如何解读肢体语言了。“在学校,教师在上学时 间收掉学生的手机是惯例,但很少成功,一些学生把手机藏起来,在 课间甚至课堂上用。”在仁川一位高中教师Lee Kyoung-shin说。 东京成德大学的Tamura说,“智能手机通常是年轻人最重要的东 西。”她说,“智能手机代表着他们与朋友的联系。如果不参与,就 可能意味着被排除在朋友圈子之外,因此我们一直发现,孩子们对 于回消息特别着急。”

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

功能

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词海拾贝
1.define [dI?faIn] vt.定义;规定 2.insomnia [In?s?mnI?] n.失眠 3.distract [dI?str?kt] v.转移;分心 4.interpersonal [?Int??p??s?nl] adj.人际的 5.participate [pɑ?t? IsIpeIt] v.参加,参与

重点词汇 重点句型 重点语法

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走近高考 拓展阅读

理解诱思

1.This passage is mainly to tell us that

.

A.the smartphone does harm to every student

B.a lot of students around the world are addicted to smartphones

C.parents and teachers like smartphones as well

D.The students in Japan possess the most smartphones 答案:B

2.What do you think of bringing smartphones to school?Why?

答案:略

编后语

? 听课对同学们的学习有着非常重要的作用。课听得好好,直接关系到大家最终的学习成绩。如何听好课,同学们可以参考如下建议:
? 一、听要点。
? 一般来说,一节课的要点就是老师们在备课中准备的讲课大纲。许多老师在讲课正式开始之前会告诉大家,同学们对此要格外注意。例如在学习物理 课“力的三要素”这一节时,老师会先列出力的三要素——大小、方向、作用点。这就是一堂课的要点。把这三点认真听好了,这节课就基本掌握了。
? 二、听思路。
? 思路就是我们思考问题的步骤。例如老师在讲解一道数学题时,首先思考应该从什么地方下手,然后在思考用什么方法,通过什么样的过程来进行解 答。听课时关键应该弄清楚老师讲解问题的思路。
? 三、听问题。
? 对于自己预习中不懂的内容,上课时要重点把握。在听讲中要特别注意老师和课本中是怎么解释的。如果老师在讲课中一带而过,并没有详细解答, 大家要及时地把它们记下来,下课再向老师请教。
? 四、听方法。
? 在课堂上不仅要听老师讲课的结论而且要认真关注老师分析、解决问题的方法。比如上语文课学习汉字,一般都是遵循着“形”、“音”、“义”的 研究方向;分析小说,一般都是从人物、环境、情节三个要素入手;写记叙文,则要从时间、地点、人物和事情发生的起因、经过、结果六个方面进行 叙述。这些都是语文学习中的一些具体方法。其他的科目也有适用的学习方法,如解数学题时,会用到反正法;换元法;待定系数法;配方法;消元法; 因式分解法等,掌握各个科目的方法是大家应该学习的核心所在。
? 优等生经验谈:听课时应注意学习老师解决问题的思考方法。同学们如果理解了老师的思路和过程,那么后面的结论自然就出现了,学习起来才能够举 一反三,事半功倍。

2019/8/4

最新中小学教学课件

29

谢谢欣赏!

2019/8/4

最新中小学教学课件

30


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