I. 词语辨析 1、pure / net
pure：（在品质上）纯的、无杂质的(not mixed with anything else)；洁 净的(clean)
e.g. This is pure gold, 99.99%. These shirts are 100% pure cotton. The water in this river is fresh and pure.
opp. impure net：（在重量上）净的、（数量上）纯的 e.g. net weight：净重； a net profit / gain of $500：500 美元纯利； net income：纯收入； 2、turn into / change into / put into / translate into turn into：变成、翻译 e.g. It turned into a nice day.
The magician on the stage turned the stone into gold, which surprised us all.
She is going to turn her living-room into a playroom Can you turn the text into good English I can easily turn this prose into a verse. change into….：意为：变化成……，或解释为：换穿……衣服。
e.g. Ice changes into water very quickly when it is hot. Over twenty years, the poor village has changed into a rich town. The naughty boy changed into a good student. In three minutes we all changed into our school suits.
也可以说成：change A into B：把 A 变成 B. 或：把一种货币换成另一种货 币 = change..for
The devil changed the prince into a frog. Can I change this five-dollar note into five singles? Here you can changed People’s currency into foreign money. put …into：可解释为：1）把……放进…… 、翻译成 e.g. Please put these books into your schoolbag. If you put another kilo of rice into the basket, the weight will be correct. Put more effort into your work. Put the following sentences into English.
2）使……进入……状态，常用于以下结构： 1) put sth into effect：执行、实现
e.g. Since we have made the plan, we should put it into effect in our work.
2) put sth. into / in force：使生效 e.g. They will put the new rules into force next month.
3) put sb. into power：使某人上台执政
e.g. The election put a lady minister into power. 4) put sth. into practice / operation：实行、实践某事
e.g. You should put your promise into practice. translate into：仅作“翻译”解。 e.g. It took him three months to translate the book from Russian into Chinese.
Please translate / put / turn these phrases into English. 3、look up / refer to / turn to
look up：表示查找时，后面应接要查找的词语，然后可以再接 in a / the dictionary.
e.g. Have you looked up the new word? She looked up the word in this dictionary and found it had a new
explanation. refer to：意思较多，当解释为：查、找时，后接所参考的书、报、字典名。 e.g. If you have any difficulty in reading this novel, please refer
to this book. When meeting with new words, you can always refer to a dictionary.
turn to：解释为：求助于，后面直接接字典名词/人名。 e.g. I turned to a lot of reference books but didn’t find any new use of the word.
I will turn to a policeman for help when I have trouble in a city.
II. 重点词语和句型 1、depend：vi.依靠、依赖、指望，与 on / upon 连用。
depend on / upon sb. / sth. (for sth.) e.g. As a child, I depend on / upon my father and mother (for a livin g).
In the past, farmers’ life depended on the weather. A map is sth. you depend on when you are in a strange place. depend on / upon sb. to do sth.. e.g. You can’t depend on him to come on time. I depend on you to help me with my poor English depend on wh- / it that … e.g. Our success depends on whether every one of us works hard. You can depend on it that I will help you when needed. = You can depend on me to help you when needed. depend on / upon it：肯定的、的确 e.g. Depend on it, he will pass the exam this time. She will certainly bring her dictionary here, depend on it. That / It (all) depends：那得看情况而定 e.g. — Do you think we will have the sports meeting next week? — It depends. (on the weather). He may come for the party, but it depends. 2、record：vt./ vi. 记录、录音、录像 e.g. a recorded program, a recorded show
Did you record the speech yesterday? The video tape recorded that you are the man who did it. This book recorded that there used to be a temple on top of the hill. The singer has not been recording for a year. n. （最高）记录、成绩、唱片 e.g. an official record of the accident：事故的正式纪录； a school record：学校的成绩单； a police record：前科； break the record： 破纪录； set up a new record：创纪录； play a record：放唱片 recorder：记录员、录音机、计时器 3、promise：vt. / vi. 允诺、答应 promise sb. sth. = promise sth. to sb.：答应（给）某人某物 e.g. She promised me early return. My father promised me a computer if I got good marks in the exam. = My father promised a computer to me if I got good marks in the exam. Our manager promised me a rise. promise sb. to do sth.：答应某人做某事 e.g. Promise me never to trouble me again. She didn’t promise me to go to the movie together with us. promise sb. that … e.g. He promised me that he would never do it again.
I promise that I will lend you a hand when you have trouble. Don’t promise me with words that you will be good. Vt. 有可能、希望（有……之虑） e.g. This winter promises to be a severe one. It promises to be fine tomorrow. This promises to be an interesting evening. Rainbow promises good weather
n. 诺言 e.g. make / give a promise：许诺； keep / carry out one’s promise： 遵守诺言；
break / go back on one’s promise：违背诺言； a broken promise： 未实践的诺言
a written promise：书面保证 promising：有希望的、有前途的、有指望的 e.g. She is a promising student.
The weather is promising, but you’d better take an umbrella in case. 4、set：vt. 确定（标准）、制定（规则等）
e.g. The teacher set very difficult questions for the exam. Only Professor Wang can set standard for the contest. Let’s set the time for the meeting. The date for the wedding was set for the first Sunday in May. Who set the clock an hour faster?
A committee will set the rule for the company.
e.g. The sun sets earlier in winter ( than in summer).
His thoughtful question set all of us thinking deeply.
The boy set fire to his own house and it was burnt down in an hour.
Please set the piano in the corner.
The film was set in Paris in the early 1930s.
set sail for：开始向……航行、驶去 e.g. The next day we set sail for
set about doing sth：着手干……
e.g. Soon we set about ploughing
set out to do sth：开始干……
e.g. They set out to mend the
roof of the house.
set aside：储蓄、暂时放于一边 e.g. It’s wise to set some money
aside for future use.
e.g. He won’t know that I set the
e.g. We set off early the next morning.
e.g. They set out for the north, hoping to
set up：竖起、搭起、建立 e.g. Our school was set up in the late 50s of the last century.
set foot on：踏上…… e.g. This is the first time that Man has set foot on this quiet planet — the moon. set fire to…：放火烧…… e.g. Someone set fire to the house and it was burnt in about an hour. 5、ban：n. 禁令、禁止，与 on 连用。 e.g. Do you know the ban on smoking in public places?
A ban on parking in this part will be in effect next month. lift / remove the ban on (doing) sth.：解除对……的禁止 place / put sth under a ban：禁止……
vt. (banned, banned, banning)禁止，常用：ban (doing) sth / ban sb. from doing sth.
e.g. Our school bans smoking in classrooms / offices. The government decided to ban the book. His company banned him from using the computer.
6、spread (spread, spread)：vi. / vt. 传播、展开、扩张 e.g. Bad news spread through the whole city quickly. Word spread quickly about the accident. On top of the mountain a beautiful view spread before our eyes. Who spread the information all over the school?
The bird spread its wings and flew away. The old man spread a piece of white paper on the table and began to write.
n. 扩张(范围、宽度) e.g. the wide spread of green forest, the spread of a bird 7、access：n. 接近、进入（场地等）、道路、机会、权力，与 to 连用。 e.g. We gained access to the house through the trees.
Every student has free access to the school library. That’s the only access to the airport. Do you have access to the Internet in your room? 8、differ：vi. “不同、相异”，与 from / with 连用 e.g. Our opinions differ greatly with / from theirs in these aspects. He differs with / from his brothers in looks. Western customs differ greatly from / with Chinese / those in China.
“持不同意见、有分歧”，常用句式：differ from / with sb. e.g. He always differs from / with his fellow teachers in teaching method.
John differs slightly with / from his brother on how to cook fish. different：adj. be different from：与……不同 e.g. She is different from her sister in many aspects.
He is a different man from what he was ten years ago. difference：n. 常用结构： difference between A and B.
e.g. Do you know the difference between British English and American English?
I can hardly tell the difference between the two twin brothers. It makes no / great / little difference whether to do A or do B. e.g. It makes no difference whether you stay here or go home.
It won’t make any difference to me if you are late for the party. Just come. 9、represent：vt. 表现、代表、象征、代理
e.g. The statue represents peasants praying to God. In a foreign country one is always representing one’s country. In a map, the symbol “▲” represents a hill or a mountain. Her opinion represents that of mine. A national flag always represents a nation / country.
represent：还可解释为：说、主 张、叙述 e.g. I tried to represent the reasons to him, but he wouldn’t listen.
He represented himself to be / as a friend of our manager’s. I’ll represent my idea to you in another way. representative：n. 代表，adj.：代表的 e.g. Where is the representative of Jiangsu Province? 10、combine：vt. / vi：使……结合、联合、化合，常用句式：combine A (with B) e.g. It is impossible to combine the two parties.
You should combine work with pleasure. If you combine hydrogen with oxygen, you’ll get water. The film combines education with recreation. combination：n. 结合体、联合体、化合物 e.g. Water is the combination of hydrogen and oxygen. Our class is the combination of three small ones. We are a strong combination at playing football. 11、simplify：vt. 简化、简写 e.g. It took me more than a week to simplify the stories into simple English. Please simplify the passage a little — it’s rather difficult for me. They are only pupils, so please simplify your explanation. simplified：简化过的 e.g. a simplified story：一个简化过的故事； a simplified edition： 简化版 simp lification：简化之物、简化形式 e.g. This is only the simplification of that dictionary. 12、reflect： vt. 反射、映现、表示、 e.g. Water reflects light. Her face was reflected in the mirror.
His words reflected his regret for what he had done to you. One’s words reflect one’s thoughts. vi. 深思熟虑、仔细考虑、反省， reflect on / upon sth. e.g. Please give me \an hour to reflect on the matter.
I reflected on possible reasons for my failure. 13、direction：
1) 方向，常用词组：in the direction of… = in … direction：朝…… 方向
e.g. The birds flew away in all directions = in every direction. I saw the train going in the direction of Beijing.
2) 指导，常用词组：under one’s direction = under the direction of ….：在……指导下 e.g. Under the teacher’s direction, we passed the exa m.
The boy succeeded in repairing the car by himself under the direction of the old worker.
类似的词组有：under one’s leadership = under the leadership of … 但：with one’s help = with the help of … 14、indicate：vt. 指示、指、表示、显示 e.g. The arrow indicates the way to the park.
What he said indicated his ignorance of knowledge. His cough indicated his illness. The black clouds indicated that it might rain
These figures indicate that our production has increased. Her smile indicated that she had passed the driving test. indication：指示、征兆、迹象， the indication of…. e.g. There is no indication of his recovery from the illness. The smile on her face showed indication that she got good marks in the exams. Did he give you any indication of his feelings? 15、What if ….：1) 要是/如果……怎么办？ e.g. What if he fails to come for the meeting?
I may pass the test. What if I don’t? What if one day a huge stone from space hits our earth?
2) 即使……那又有什么关系 e.g. What if he gets angry?
What if we cancel the meeting? 16、agree：vi. / vt(后接从句）同意、赞成，与介词：with, on, to, 及不 定式：to do 连用。
agree with：1）同意某人的话，可用：sb. / one’s words / what sb. say 做宾语。
e.g. Do you agree with me? I agree with most of your words, but I don’t agree with
everything. 2) 与……一致
e.g. What you do ought to agree with what you say. The result didn’t agree with the theory. 3) (天气、食物等）适合（人）
e.g. Since she is not quite herself these days, only porridge agrees with her.
Such cold weather doesn’t agree with the old. agree on：（就……）达成一致意见 e.g. We agreed on the date for the meeting.
The two countries agreed on an increase of trade. agree to sth：同意接受…… e.g. Finally we had to agree to his plan.
Some students don’t agree to the idea. agree to do sth：同意做…… e.g. We all agreed to try our best to study every subject well.
She didn’t agree to pay for the damage she caused.
1、_______ seems strange to us is______ the troublesome boy is getting
along well with all his teachers.
A. It, that
B. What, how
C. It, how D. What ,
2、________ different life today is from ________ was 50 years ago!
A. What a, what B. How, what
C. What, what D. What a ,
3 、 It was only when I reread his poems recently ________I began to
appreciate their beauty.
4、Air is to us ________ water is to fish.
5、Go and get your coat. It’s ________ you left it.
C. there where D. where there
6、— I rang you at about10, but there was no reply.
— Oh, that was probably ________ I was seeing a doctor.
7、Please tell me_______ you would like to have your coffee － black or
8、_______ get such a book?
A. Where do you think can I
B. Do you think where can I
C. Do you think where I can
D. Where do you think I can
9、— My foot hurts terribly, doctor.
— Well , I wonder _________ it has been like this.
A. since when B. since then C. how
10、— Do you know____ Mr. Black’s address is ?
— He may live at No.18 or No.19 of Bridge Street. I’m not sure of
A. what , which B. where , which C. where, what D. what,
11、— Do ________ you think is right, ________ they say.
— Yes, I ________ .
A. as, what
B. as, whatever, will
C. what, what, can
D. what , whatever, will
12、— Do you mind if Jim should come to help?
— I really don’t know_________ a person like him can help me with.
13、He was so angry at all _________ he was doing _________ he walked
A. what, that
B. that, that C. that, what D. what,
14、— Would you like to have a swim with us in the sea?
— I will ask my parents __________.
A. whether they will agree to go
B. if they let me go
C. if they will let me go
D. whether they allow me to
15、It’s known to us_________ there is pollution, there is harm.
D. that where
16、— ________ can I do with the situation?
— Take_________ measure you consider best.
A. How, whichever
B. What, whatever
C. How, whatever
D. What, whichever
17、The place ________ interested me most was the Children’s Palace.
B. in which
18、________ was telling a lie.
A. Anyone who tells you
B. Whoever told you that
C. Those who told you that
D. Whoever told you
19、My husband and I agree on _______ gets home first is to cook the supper.
C. whoever D. those who
20、It is said_______ was all _______ he said.
A. that that; that
B. what what ; what
C. that which; what
D. that that; what
21、I can’t find a proper dictionary _______ I can turn in my study.
A. to which B. up which C. on which D. for which
22、The present that she dreamed ________ on her birthday party.
B. of came C. of coming
D. to come
23、－ Since you’ve made your decision, you’d better carry it out.
－ _________ I give it up?
A. Only if
B. What if C. If
D. Even if
24、He ran into a passing car duo to _______ .
A. he ran too fast
B. he ran from the roadside
C. his running too fast
D. him to run from the roadside
25、As a result of the heavy fog, the highway has been closed up until
further _______ .
B. information C. notice
26、Our teacher has _________ some very difficult questions to ask us.
B. made up C. made of D. decided
27、Paper-making began in China and from here it ________ to North Africa
28、More and more people choose to shop in a supermarket as is offers
a great _____ of goods.
B. mixture C. extension
29、He _____ some French when he was on a visit to France.
A. made out B. picked up
C. gave up D. took up
30、Electric trains have now ______ steam ones in most countries in the
A. took the place of B. in place of C. taken the place of D.
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