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2019高中英语 课时分层作业1 Unit 1 Lifestyles 北师大版必修1

课时分层作业(一)
[语言知识练习固基础]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Even if it rains(rain) tomorrow,the football match will take place. 2.My father is coming(come) to see me this Saturday. 3.Such sceneries are very beautiful and relaxing(relax). 4.They were filled(fill) with wonder at the new waterfall. 5.What information should be needed in a complaint(complain)? 6.It took me more than an hour to get(get) home. 7.I decided to go off to work as usual though it was raining heavily. 8.He had a finger cut off by a machine while/when working. 9.At the age of sixty he took up the study of Russian. 10.Several young girls were sitting around looking bored(bore). Ⅱ.完成句子 1.虽然我喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但我不喜欢它的形状。 While/Although I like the color of the hat,I do not like its shape. 2.她父母为她上大学作出了许多牺牲。 Her parents made many sacrifices so that she could go to university. 3.这个女孩在公共场合总是大声喧哗。 The girl is always talking loud in public. 4.所有学生都是属于一中的。 All the students here belong to No.1 Middle School. 5.你写报告需要多长时间? How long will it take you to write your report?
[高考题型练习提能力]
Ⅰ.阅读理解 My husband and I used to live in the city.But we often faced a lot of problems
there.There was a lot of late?night noise.It was difficult to find parking.And the
1

rent of

the apartment was high.Finally,my husband and I decided to move to the suburb

outside Boston.

We started looking for our new home.It turned out that many other people were

also moving to the suburbs and it wasn't easy to find a nice house there.Finally

we went to see a small and dark house.It needed a lot of work.But it was well built

and it was on a street where we could walk to Starbucks , restaurants and bus

stops.Well,before I knew it,we had made an offer and the house became ours.

On our first night in the house I cried for five hours.I thought we had made

the wrong decision and I wanted to go back to the city—the house was smelly and

old.And many families and old people lived around it.But after thinking of the

problems we had when we were living in the city,I calmed down.Besides,our new home

wasn't that bad,after all.I had a driveway of my own.There were three big bedrooms

and a backyard for my dog.Oh,how lovely the sound of nothing was.I changed the house

inch by inch and it became a very comfortable home.

We have been in our house for over two years until now and it's the best move

we have ever made.While I'm glad I can drive into the city in fifteen minutes and

enjoy all it has offered,I'm always happy to return home.

【语篇解读】 作者一家人不愿意生活在城市中,于是搬到了郊区,开始时很不适应,后来

觉得生活在郊区也是挺好的。

1.Why did the writer and her husband move to the suburb?

A.They found jobs there.

B.They could only afford a small house.

C.They dreamed of living in the country.

D.They no longer liked living in the city.

D [细节理解题。根据第一段的描述可知,生活在城市中有种种不好,所以作者一家决定搬

到乡下去。故选 D 项。]

2.On the first night in the house,the writer

.

A.was too excited

B.felt scared living there

2

C.regretted moving there at first D.was moved to tears by its quietness C [细节理解题。根据第三段前两句“On our first night in the house I cried for five hours.I thought we had made the wrong decision and I wanted to go back to the city—the house was smelly and old.”可知,刚到的那天晚上,作者认为自己做了错误的决定,为 搬家感到后悔,故选 C 项。] 3.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 show about the house? A.It was lovely. B.It was really quiet. C.It had nothing in it. D.It had beautiful sound. B [句意理解题。划线句子的意思是:周围没有声音是多么好啊,说明了居住环境是很安静 的。故选 B 项。] Ⅱ.阅读七选五
Training for a marathon (马拉松) requires careful preparation and steady, gradual increases in the length of the runs. 1 ,buy the best?fitting running shoes you can find.No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet,so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop.When you have found shoes that seem right,walk in them for a few days to double?check the fit. 2 .As always,you should stretch (伸展) at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries.
During the first week,do not think about distance,but run five minutes longer each day. 3 ,it is wise to take a day off to rest.But during the next week, set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run. 4 .After two weeks,start timing yourself. 5 .Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter,you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race. A.After six days B.For a good marathon runner C.Before you begin your training D.With each day,increase the distance by a half mile E.If they still feel good,you can begin running in them F.Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training G.Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time 【语篇解读】 本文主要介绍了进行马拉松训练的具体做法。首先要为训练做好准备:准备
3

好跑鞋以及训练前的热身运动。第一周:训练跑步时间的逐天增加;第二周:训练跑步距离

的逐天增加;两周后,开始计时跑,制定逐步提高跑步时间和距离的计划。

1.C [根据该空后面提供的语境“buy the best?fitting running shoes you can find”

说明这是为了跑马拉松进行的准备工作,这件事应该是在进行马拉松训练之前做的事情,与

“Before you begin your training”有关。故选 C。]

2.E [根据空格前面的语境“When you have found shoes that seem right,walk in them

for a few days to double?check the fit.”可知 E 项中的 they 代指 shoes,另外 feel good

与 the fit 有关。]

3.A [考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据该空前提供的语境“During the first

week,do not think about distance,but run five minutes longer each day.”可知这

里提到了一周七天的时间,再根据空格后的“it is wise to take a day off to rest”可

知剩余的就是六天的时间,与 A 项意思一致。故选 A。]

4.D [考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。根据该空前面提供的语境“But during the

next week,set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run.”可知与 D 项的“每天

增加半英里”意义相符。故选 D。]

5.G [考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。前两句提到了逐日增加跑步的长度,两周后

开始计时,与 G 中的“improving distance and time”有关,故选 G。]

Ⅲ.语法填空

During most of the Stone Age,people lived by hunting and gathering their food

in Egypt.They traveled 1.

place to place in the Nile Valley,harvesting wild

grasses,digging up roots,and finding bird eggs.They fished in the Nile River and

gathered reeds (芦苇杆) from its shores 2.

(make) baskets.

By around 10,000 BC,Egypt had gotten so 3. (crowd) that people were forced

to begin growing their own food.People also began to keep cows,sheep and pigs that

they 4. (possible) bought from their West Asian neighbors.This is 5.

we

call the Agricultural Revolution today.

But farming brought many other 6.

(change) too.Once people started

planting crops,they had to defend the land 7.

their crops were.There was

more fighting.Soon people began to band together into larger communities that could

fight better.They chose leaders,8.

(see) the advantages that farming brought

them,those leaders forced more and more people to start farming and settle down

under their leadership.

Around 3,500 BC,donkeys 9.

(use) to carry ivory and gold north into

Egypt,and to carry Egyptian things south to Sudan and Kenya.That made both places

4

10.

(rich) than they were before.Together,the trade and the farming helped

to start the Old Kingdom.

【语篇解读】 文章介绍了埃及人生活方式的发展变化过程。

1.from [考查介词。from...to...意为“从……到……”,是固定搭配。]

2.to make [考查非谓语动词。句意:他们在尼罗河里钓鱼,收割岸边的芦苇杆来制造篮

子。to make baskets 是目的状语。]

3.crowded [考查形容词。crowded 是形容词,作 get 的表语。]

4.possibly [考查副词。possibly 是副词,修饰动词 buy。]

5.what [考查名词性从句。“ 5 we call the Agricultural Revolution today”是表

语从句,该从句中,call 少宾语,故该从句应用 what 引导。]

6.changes [考查名词。many 修饰可数名词复数,故该空填 changes。]

7.where [考查定语从句。“ 7 their crops were”是定语从句,修饰 the land,the

land 在从句中作表语,表地点,故该从句应用关系副词 where 引导。]

8.seeing [“ 8 (see) the advantages that farming brought them”在句中作状语,

主语 those leaders 和 see 之间是主动关系,故该空应填现在分词。]

9.were used [考查时态和语态。该句时间状语为“Around 3,500 BC”,故该句应用一般

过去时态。且主语 donkeys 和 use 之间是被动关系,根据主谓一致原则,该空填 were used。]

10.richer [该空作 make 的宾语补足语,故应填形容词,且根据后面的 than 可知,该空应

填 rich 的比较级。]

将人性的表现与启蒙追求相结合是沈从文学思想非常突出特点。他认为“一部伟大作品,总最真切欲望”而有意归对于当前黑暗社会否和未来光明向往这就改变了梁实秋讨论问题时辨取引、具体可以操方面不满空虚必所倾心关注抽象确同中国但还须立足别进步信说:每个者定革家理却们殊途宗教热忱勇超乎习惯俗见样谈价值功用似容易受到左翼攻讦 强调文学的自由本性也是沈从论特别应当引起我们重视方面。他认为:“用生活作根据,凭想象着翅膀飞到另一个世界里去件事情它不缺少最宽泛能容许感切现上散步什么人愿意过休息未来还有又安顿目前必时代趣味拘束行动”尽管局荡民艰难但成允灵魂家园 从整个现代文学的基本格局看,沈似乎显得特立独行他虽然被人列为新月派、入京考量但我觉同这些社团流关系始终处在和而不状态。注重审美形式倾向对此是认接受作品结构精巧感情细腻示出家锤炼功夫来自底层目睹了会黑暗保持中民群众怀地背负生一份责任因度真严肃反以游戏事活动 面对这位有着卓越文学成就而际遇坎坷的作家,总是难以抑制心中感情涟漪。超思维强终于不能“晾干”一个令人叹为观止景致笔者也因此获得了评论自由可将照沈从生怅惘转化杰出艺术命运历史沉我相信既然他那平易、抒散叙述够刻画颗坦诚执灵魂么新解读便用非借助艰深辨袭辩开脱俗套甚至必理会岁月曾经泼洒在身上污浊摘《》) 1.下列阐述不属于沈从文学思想范畴的一项是(3分)() A.一部伟大的作品,要表现人性最真切欲望这种就是对当前黑暗社会否认和未来光明向往。 B.文学作者必须具有宗教的热忱,勇于进取超乎习惯与俗见而向前他理想社会改革和思家不尽相同。 C.文学以生活为根据,但又离不开想象它可自由驰骋任意飞翔其感情一切然与现依托。 D.文学是极富自由性的,利用来表达思想情感人其行动不必为一个时代趣味所拘束而可以在象世界里驰骋。 2.下列对沈从文学作品特点的阐释,正确一项是(3分)() A.结构精巧、感情细腻,显示出作家锤炼的功夫且始终保持着对底层社会中人民群众关怀。 B.关注抽象的人性,同时又对中国现实不满因此将问题引向真、具体和可以操作方面。 C.在整个现代文学的基本格局中,显得特立独行与新月派、京处于一种和而不同状态。 D.一颗坦诚的、执着艺术灵魂,是由平易抒情散文化叙述刻画出来并没有借助艰深思辨。 3.下列表述符合原文意思的一项是(分)() A.沈从文的学思想能够将人性表现与启蒙追求结合在一起,这梁实秋讨论问题时辨不同。 B.沈从文认为,尽管学作者与社会改革及思想家不同但他们往有着相的理、热忱和勇于进取精神。 C.沈从文的学态度是认真、严肃,他反对以游戏事活动这跟来自社会底层目睹了黑暗现实有关。 D.文学是允许灵魂安息的精神家园,特别在时局动荡、民生艰难情况下它成了避所。 (二)、文学类本阅读(10分) 阅读下面的文字,完成第4-6题。

自从随军入侵法国以来,瓦尔特·施那夫斯觉得己处背时不顺。他身体肥胖走起路很费劲老是喘气双又厚的平脚板痛苦堪言

每当夜幕降临,他裹着大衣躺在地上睡觉这时总要久思念留家乡的妻子儿女。碰到好吃东西是细嚼慢咽仔品尝常样想人一死世切良辰美景、欢快幸福岂不立即就化为乌有?

他所属的那个兵团向诺曼底进发。有一天,奉命跟支小分队外出侦察田野里切似乎都毫无动静这些普鲁士人放心大胆地走沟壑纵横山谷突然枪声作猛烈火力阻挡了们去路伍中立即二十来被撂倒游击从巴掌林子直扑而

施那夫斯起初愣在里没动,他一时不知所措竟忘了赶快逃命。随后才拔腿就但立即又意识到自己慢得像只乌龟这看见前方六步开外有道宽的地沟上面长满荆棘并枝叶掩盖猛然双脚纵身往跳正如从桥河样

有一段时间,枪声、叫喊与呻吟仍清晰可闻。后来切归于平静寂寥无这个普鲁士大兵开始盘算起:我该怎么办呢?如果回部队的话那又要去过战以种苦不堪言生活每天忧心忡惊恐安疲劳难耐!

可是,到底怎么办呢?总不能老待在这条沟里一直战争结束。个人每天都需要吃东西呀!他突发奇想:“如果我当上俘虏就好了”此既出的心兴奋地跳动起来关看管严密牢狱有住枪弹打着刺刀碰什用害怕

夜幕突然降临,一片晦暗万籁无声。他待在那里动也不色中只要有点轻微的陌生响都吓得打哆嗦正好兔子屁股擦到窝边发出了施夫斯拔腿就逃猫头鹰叫更是把心撕碎使感阵如其来恐惧

晨光又重新照临他头上。开始进行守望

一直又到了夜幕降临大地的时候,他不失机悄爬出沟猫着腰胆战心惊朝远处城堡走去。底层窗户都透灯光其中有扇还敞开;阵浓烧肉香从里面冲来钻进五脏六腑使得呼吸急促勇气骤增

于是,他不假思索戴着尖顶盔就冒失出现在那个窗口。

屋里有八个仆人,正围着一张大桌子吃晚饭。突然他们瞧见了敌!老天爷啊普鲁士兵攻进城堡在场的争先恐后站起来阵混乱转眼间就跑空只剩下那堆满食物施夫斯则对前这幕感到莫名其妙迟疑会儿爬过窗台朝走去

当一群武装到头发的士兵迅速抢占了整幢房子时候,施那夫斯正在里呼大睡。五十支上膛待枪齐对准他胸接着把从脚捆个结实位军服镶金线胖官喝声:“你被俘虏!投降吧”脸露出微笑现确是面带因为认自己终于

4.

下列对小说有关内容和写法的分析,最恰当一项是(3)()

A.作者从普通人性的角度去塑造物,描绘出了一个贪恋安逸、畏惧死亡在战场上思亲念厌形象。

B.小说通过施那夫斯的奇遇故事,表现了他贪恋安逸、胸无大志性格品质作者哀其不幸怒争。

C.小说结尾施那夫斯面带微笑,但内心却十分痛苦忧伤他只是不想让法军看出

沈从文的创作与艺术追求 庄锡华
瓦尔特·施那夫斯奇遇记

5


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