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辽宁省葫芦岛一高2012-2013学年高一上第一次月考英语试题


辽宁省葫芦岛一高 12—13 学年第一学期第一次月考 高一英语学科试题
考试时间:100 分钟 第 I 卷(二部分,共 85 分) 第一部分:英语知识应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C.D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.Each girl present at the ball was wearing a flower in the hair, which ____ their beauty. A. added B. added up C. added to D. added up to 2. -----Is that the small company you often refer to? -----Right, just the one ____ you know I used to work for years. A. that B. which C. where D. as 3. -----Have you ____ him to give up the job ? -----No. He doesn’t listen to me. A. persuaded B. suggested C. advised D. agreed 4. Special attention should be paid ____ our earth from ____. A. to prevent, being polluted B. to prevent, polluting C. to preventing, being polluted D. to preventing, polluted 5. Allow children the space to voice their opinions, ____ they are different from your own. A. until B. even if C. unless D. as though 6. Hurry up! The train____. You know it ____ at 8:30 am. A. leaves; leaves B. is leaving; leaves C. leaves; is leaving D. is leaving; is leaving 7.It was raining on the day____ they arrived. A. in which B. on that C. on which D. where 8. After Billy said he would ride a mountain bicycle, his father____ to him and bought him one. A. gave away B. gave in C. gave up D. gave out 9. ---- I’m sorry I stepped on your toes, which was an accident. ----It wasn’t. You did it ____. A. for purpose B. by accident C. on purpose D. by chance 10. ---- Do you know our town at all? ----Surely, this____ the third time I____ here. A. was; has come B. is; come C. is; had come D. is; have come 11. We requested that the problem____ at the meeting. A. would come about B. should come up with C. come up D. must come up 12. While____ the dog, he was careless , so that it got loose and was hit by a car. A. walked B. walking C. he walks D. he is walking 13. It was in the lab____ was taken charge of by Professor Harris ____ they did the experiment. A. which, that B. that, where C. whom, that D. which, where 14. He looks so upset. I ____ him the bad news so early. A. should have told B. should tell C. shouldn’t have told D. shouldn’t tell
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15. He gave me ____ valuable ____. A. many; advices B. a number of; advice C. a few; advice D. a lot of; advice 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 Are you a man or a mouse? When people ask this question they want to know 16 you are a 17 person or a coward(懦夫). But you will never really know the answer to this question 18 you are tested in real life. Some people 19 they are brave but when they come face to face with real 20 , they act like cowards. Others think of themselves as cowards, but when they meet danger, they act like 21 . Lenny had always thought of himself as a 22 person. He got worried before examinations. He worried about his job and health. All he wanted in life was to be safe and healthy. 23 , on January 15th, 2002, a plane crashed into the Potomac River in Washington. Lenny went to the river to see what was happening. He saw a woman in the 24 water. Lenny did not feel afraid. He kept very 25 and did a very dangerous thing. He jumped into the Potomac, 26 to the woman, and kept her head 27 the water. Seventy-eight people died that day. Thanks to Lenny, it was not 28 . When you are in a very 29 situation and feel afraid, the body automatically produces a chemical in the blood. The chemical is called adrenalin(肾上腺素). 30 adrenalin in the blood system, you actually feel stronger and stronger and are 31 to fight or run away. However, when you are absolutely terrified, the body can produce too much adrenalin. When this 32 , the muscles become very hard and you find you 33 move at all, You are then paralyzed(使 瘫痪,使麻痹)with fear. This is 34 when we are very frightened, we sometimes say we’re “petrified”. This word comes from the Greek word “Petros”, which means “stone”. We are 35 frightened that we become stonelike. 16. A. how B. neither C. whether D. either 17. A. brave B. real C. hard D. certain 18. A. when B. until C. after D. once 19. A. realize B. find C. think D. agree 20. A. life B. question C. mouse D. danger 21. A. soldiers B. mice C. heroes D. cowards 22. A. useful B. brave C. nervous D. terrible 23. A. So B. Therefore C. Then D. Actually 24. A. fresh B. poisonous C. warm D. ice-cold 25. A. nervous B. calm C. frightened D. excited 26. A. went B. helped C. spoke D. swam 27. A. in B. under C. above D. from 28. A. an accident B. a mistake C. seventy-eight D. seventy-nine 29. A. dangerous B. comfortable C. different D. favorable 30. A. With B. Without C. For D. Like 31. A. afraid B. unable C. ready D. anxious 32. A. gets B. disappears C. happens D. goes 33. A. needn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t 34. A. Where B. how C. because D. why
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35. A. really B. very C. such D. so 第二部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,和 D)选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 A Frank Woolworth was born in Rodman, New York, in 1852. His family were very poor farmers, and there was never enough to eat. Frank decided he did not want to be farmer. He took a short business course, and went to work as a salesman in a large city. Woolworth realized he had a natural skill for showing goods to attract people’s interest, but he soon learned something more important. One day his boss told him to sell some odds and ends (小商品 ) for as much as he could get. Frank put all these things on one table with a sign which said FIVE CENTS EACH. People fought and pushed to buy the things and the table was soon cleared. Soon afterwards, Woolworth opened his own store, selling goods at five and ten cents. But he had another lesson to learn before he became successful. That is, if you want to make money by selling low-price goods, you have to buy them in large quantities directly form the factories. Once, for example, Woolworth went to Germany and placed an order for knives. The order was so large that the factory had to keep running 24 hours a day for a whole year. In this way, the price of the knives was cut down by half. By 1919, Woolworth had over 1000 stores in the US and Canada, and opened his first store in London. He made many millions and his name became famous throughout the world. He always ran his business according to strict rules, of which the most important was: “ THE CUSTOMER IS ALWAYS RIGHT.” 36. Frank took a short business course in order to ____. A. earn more money for his family. B. learn something from a salesman C. get away from the farm. D. get enough to eat. 37. Frank sold the odds and ends quickly because____. A. he knew how to get people to buy his goods. B. he cut down the price by half C. he had put the goods on a table in a very nice way. D. the sign he put on the table was well designed. 38. The price of the knives was cut down by half because ______. A. the factory workers worked 24 hours a day. B. knives were ordered in large quantities directly from the factory. C. the knives were made in Germany, where labour (劳动力) was cheap. D. the knives were produced in one factory. 39. ______ made Woolworth a world-famous man. A. His business skills and his wealth. B. The low price of the goods he sold. C. His trip to Germany and his huge order of knives.D. His natural skill for showing things. B In choosing a friend, one should be very careful. A good friend can help your study. You can have fun together and make each other happy. Sometimes you will meet fair weather friends. They will be with you as long as you have money or luck ,but when you are down, they will run away. How do I know when I have found a good friend? I look for certain qualities(品质)of character, especially understanding, honesty and reliability(可靠).
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Above all else, I look for understanding in a friend. A good friend tries to understand how another person is feeling. He is not quick to judge. Instead, he tries to learn from others. He puts himself in the other person’s place, and he tries to think of ways to be helpful. He is also a good listener. At the same time, however, a good friend is honest. He does not look for faults (过错) in others, he noticed their good points. In short, a friend will try to understand me and accept me. Another quality of a friend is reliability. I can always depend on(信赖) a good friend. If he tells me he will meet me somewhere at a certain time, I can be sure that he will be there. If I need a favor, he will do his best to help me. If I am in trouble, he will not run away from me. There is a fourth quality that makes a friend special. A special friend is someone with whom we can have fun. We should enjoy our lives, and we would enjoy friendship. That is why I especially like friends who are fun to be with. A good friend likes the same things I like. We share experience(经验) and learn from each other. A good friend has a good sense of humor(幽默, too. He likes to laugh with me. That is how we share in the joy of being friends, and I know that he is looking for the same quality in me. When I meet someone who is reliable, honest, and understanding, I know I have found a good friend! 40. which of the following qualities the writer thinks is the most important in choosing a friend ? A. Understanding. B. Honesty. C. Reliability. D. A sense of humor. 41. If you have fair weather friends, . A. they will give you all they have when you need help B. you will be refused when you get into trouble C. you will become rich D. you can be sure that you get a real friend 42. Good friends need to . A .always point out each other’s mistakes B. be helped with money or luck C. understand each other’s feelings D. have money or luck 43. This passage mainly discusses . A. the qualities of a friend B. where to choose friends C. how to get along with friends D. the importance of having a friend C Talking to Teachers—Teachers are just people. Behind that desk, is a living, breathing human being.And just like any human being, they will probably be friendly to people who talk nicely to them.Teachers also seem to get along better with children who take schoolwork seriously and are prepared for class. And, just like any other human being, teachers like to be appreciated. The next time your teacher helps you solve a math problem or figure out a science project, say thank you with a smile. Talking to Parents—Parents can be very supportive if their children ask for help. you think If there’s something your parents can do to help you socialize more or feel more comfortable around people, then ask them.Very often, parents want very much to help, but really don’t know what to do. Pick a quiet time of the day and ask to talk. them how you feel. Tell Maybe they had the same trouble when they were kids. Talking to Stranger —This is always a tough one. How do you deal with a neighbor, the mail carrier, or someone walking down your street—situations that often seem to cause arguments
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between kids and parents.The answer to these questions will vary(变化) from kid to kid, from parent to parent because all cultures are different.Some folks live in small towns where a hello to everyone is “what’s done”.Then there are kids who live in the city who may have been taught not to speak to anyone they don’t know. you’re having trouble with this and always feel awkward in If these kinds of situations, you might want to talk to your parents or a teacher about it.Where do they think you should draw the line(线)? When is silence rude and when is it wise? 44.From the first paragraph we may learn that teachers dislike____ . A.being talked to nicely B.their students to be serious with the schoolwork C.the students’ appreciation D.the students who are not ready for classes 45.If your parents are not supportive and you are not getting along quite well with your parents, who or what is to blame(该受责备)? A.Your parents. B Yourself. C.Lack of communication. D .Your teachers. 46.The underlined word in the third paragraph is close in meaning to____. A.fond B.puzzled C. frightened D.willing 47.The passage doesn’t say but it implies that in daily communication____. A.arguments often happen between kids and parents B.we should talk to the neighbors and other people according to different cultures C.city people and country people greet in the same way D.we should fit(使…符合) our words with proper situations D Will it matter if you don't take your breakfast? Recently a test was given in the United States. Those tested included people of different ages, from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all. Special tests were set up to see how well their bodies worked when they had eaten a certain kind of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with better effect than if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be especially true if a person works with his brains. If a student eats fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he will learn more quickly and listen with more attention to class. Opposite to what many people believe, if you don't eat breakfast, you will not lose weight. This is because people become so hungry at noon that they eat too much for lunch, and end up gaining weight instead of losing. You will probably lose more weight if you reduce your other meals. 48. During the test, those who were tested were given ________. A. no breakfast at all B. very rich breakfast C. little food for breakfast D. different breakfast or none 49. The results of the test show that ________. A. breakfast has great effect on work and studies B. breakfast has little to do with a person’s work C. a person will work better if he has a simple breakfast D. those working with brains should have much for breakfast 50. The passage mentions that if you don't eat breakfast, you will _________. A. lose weight B. not lose weight C. be healthier D. gain a lot of weight 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。
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How to get out of bad habits Most of us have one or a few bad habits that we’d like to get out of. 51 I have a few suggestions that have helped me and people around me. Here are some tips that can help you finally get out of that bad habit. 52 If you tell people around you that you will stop smoking or start to exercise three times a week, then they will check up on you. And you will feel you have to keep your promise because it is let out into the world. Avoid temptations (诱惑). 53 Places where you are likely to spend too much money. Things in your cupboard that will not help you to get healthier and you should not have at home at all. And people that drag (拉) you down and back into your old ways. 54 It may seem like a good idea to change your life all at once. In our daily life, stress and lack (缺乏) of energy usually lead to failure. Don’t try to be Superman or Wonder Woman. Take it easy and break one habit at a time. 55 You will probably not succeed the first time you do it. You fail and you make mistakes when you make changes and try new things. That’s just life and nothing to feel bad about. What you should do next is try again. A. Tell your friends and family. B. Know what usually gets you into bad habits. C. See your future in your mind. D. The reason why we need to make good habits. E. But how do you do it? F. Don’t break more than one habit at a time. G. If at first you don’t succeed, please try again. 第II 卷 (共 35 分) 第三部分 :写作 (共两节; 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修 改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(/\) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误仅限 1 词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 3. 在答题纸上作答。 As student, we have classes from early morning till late afternoon. Therefore, to take a ten-minute break between classes is of great important. Otherwise, we may feel tiring both physically and mentally. During the ten-minute break we should do something to get rid of tiredness and should not do anything which will make us be too excited. What we need to do is a real rest instead of get too excited. I usually did some simple exercise during my ten-minute break. Sometime I have a free chat with my classmates or just take a short walk. For a result, I always feel freshly in the next class.

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第二节: 书面表达 (共 1 题, 满分 25 分) 假设你是高一学生李华,你的美国朋友 Alice 想要了解你升入高中后的大致情况。你给 她写一封信,要点包括: 学校概况 教师 同学 感受 新校园干净美丽;有大型操场和阅览室。 喜欢新老师们,他(她)们的教学方法与众不同,使我们很 感兴趣。 友好、勤奋 高中新生活开始了,要努力取得更大的进步。

注意: 1.文章必须包括所有要点。 2.词数:100 左右。信的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Dear Alice, How are you doing? I’ll tell you something about _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________

辽宁省葫芦岛一高 12—13 学年第一学期第一次月考 高一英语学科

答案

单项选择:1---5 CCACB 6---10 BCBCD 11---15 CBACD 完形填空:16-20 CABCD 21-25 CCCDB 26-30 DCDAA
31-35 CCBDD

阅读理解:

A 36---39 CABA B 41---43 ABCA C 44--- 47 DCBD D 48---50 DAB 七选五 51---55 EABFG

短文改错:

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1. As 后加 a 2.important---importance 3.tiring---tired 4.which---that 5.去掉 be 6.get---getting 7.did---do 8.sometime---sometimes 9.For---As 10.freshy---fresh 书面表达:
Dear Alice, How are you doing? I’ll tell you something about my school first. My new school is very clean and beautiful. There is a large playground and a reading room. I like the new teachers here. Their teaching methods are nothing like those of the others. What’s more, they often make us interested in class. All my classmates are friendly and hard-working. We are living a new life and trying to make greater progress in lessons. Please tell me something about your life. Yours, Li Hua

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