当前位置:首页 >> 高三英语 >> 2013高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(5)及参考范文:写作的最佳训练方法

2013高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(5)及参考范文:写作的最佳训练方法


2013 高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(5)及参考范文:写作的最佳训练方法

1 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

假如你是校报负责人, 急需在学校内聘一位同学任英文版的编辑, 请你用英文以” An English Editor Wanted” 为题目写一则招聘启事。内容要点如下: 1、该工作主要包括两部分:一是从英文报刊杂志及互联网上选择适合学生的文章; 二是选 择与编辑同学们的来稿。 2、希望该同学满足下列要求: 1)乐意奉献出一些业余时间为同学们服务; 2)英文与美术皆好; 能熟练使用电脑。 3)感兴趣的同学请在本周内与学生会(Students’ Union)联系。 注意: 1) 词数 100 左右; 2) 不要逐字翻译,要组成一篇通顺连贯的短文。 76. holding→ held us 81. Learn 后加 from 82 .will→ would mark→ marks 书面表达 An English Editor Wanted Our school newspaper is looking for an editor for its English edition. The job mainly includes two parts: One is to choose proper English articles from other newspapers, magazines or Internet for us students. The other is to pick out articles from students in our school and edit them for use. We hope that he/she could meet the following requirements: First, he/she is willing to devote some of the spare time to serving the others. Second, it’s necessary for him/ her to be good at both English and fine art. Needless to say that the ability to use the computer is important as well. Those who are interested in the job, please get in touch with the Students’ Union this week. Students’ Union 83. great→ greatly 84. √ 85. 77. praised 前加 were 78. For→ To 79. 去掉 who 80. them→

*********************************************************结束 2 请用英语向来访的外宾介绍你校新建的网络学校(net-school)在教与学、交流信息与 获得知识、学校管理和培养现代化人才等方面为人们提供了方便。短文要求 100 个词左右, 开头语已给出。 Ladies and gentlemen , Very nice to have you here in our school.

One possible version : Ladies and gentlemen , Very nice to have you here in our school . Now I’d like to tell you something about the net-school we have just set up . Our net-school is very helpful in many ways . First of all , it will make teaching and learning easier and more interesting . We can get more information and knowledge in class . We can communicate with other students at home and abroad by sending and receiving messages wherever we’d like to . The net-school is open all day both to the students and to the teachers , so we can get the latest information through the Internet at any time . The net-school is very convenient to us and other people who can learn at home if they have a computer . It will help to improve our school management and meet the needs of the modern society as well . That’s all . Thank you .

***********************************************************结束

一, 高考英语书面表达基本策略:

仔细审题。 如果是看图写文,看懂每幅图之间的联系至关重要。

写要点。据每幅图写出一至两句话。因为每年高考书面表达一般控制在 10 句话, 120 个词左右。

连句成文。每句话写好后,用适当的连词连接起来,使之上下连贯,呼应,通顺, 简洁。

查错漏。完稿后,检查一下有没有时态,语态,拼写错误并逐一加以改正。

卷面整洁。卷面整洁干净甚至比准确,通顺,简介更重要。因为整洁干净给阅卷人精神 上带来愉悦,相对而言,分数自然要给得高一些。

为了帮助同学们在平时写作练习的时候时刻牢记这些写作的基本要领, 特编顺口溜 如下:细审题,巧构思,列要点,防遗漏。写日记,同汉语;书信,通知格式要牢记。看清 图表细梳理,写人记事按顺序;完稿后查遗漏,整洁干净莫忘记。

二, 高考英语书面表达高分策略:从遣词,造句,谋篇三个方面分析。

遣词的原则:使用高等级词汇及短语, 如果仅仅记住几个简单基础的词汇,而且一 味的重复低水平的英语知识点,还远远没有达到大学的入学要求。这就要求考生在平时的训 练和考试当中,有意识的强化“复杂,高级”这两个概念,使自己的作文能力区别于普通学 生的作文,使自己一下子就站在一个比别人高的位置上,充分显示自己的实力。

平时学习过程中注意总结各种各样的词汇。以描述人物的词汇为例: 表达人物爱憎感情: like, love, be interested in, be fond of? hate, dislike, be tired of, lose interest in? happy, excited, pleased, satisfied, angry, sad, worried, disappointed, terrified, mad, frightened?

介绍人物的影响及人们对人的评价: He became famous for his new theory. The people had come to love him as an inspiring leader.

We regard Li Fei as our model. Lei Feng has been praised for his communist spirit. People spoke highly of him and all respected him.

常见描述人物性格,外貌和身体状况等的词语 good-looking /funny-looking /blue-eyed /strong-looking /white-eyed /ugly-looking /warm-hearted /dirty-looking /light-hearted

/ordinary-looking

/kind-hearted /absent-minded /tall /short /beautiful /pretty /lovely /naughty/ be blind /lame in /be in good or poor condition/ healthy/ fine/ well /strong-tempered /bad-tempered /near-sighted /far-sighted /foolish /stupid /silly /clever /smart /wise /bright / diligent /intelligent /lazy /hard working, etc.

造句的原则:句式多变,语法活用,句子是表达一个完整意思的最小当位,所以造 句能力在英文写作中是非常重要的。好的英语句子能够生动,形象,准确的表达内容。所以 要想写出漂亮的书面表达,必须从写好句子开始。

英语基本句型及造句:

主语+谓语+状语(介词,名词短语或从句) The sun rises up in the east and sets in the west. We get up early every morning. The meeting lasted 2 hours.

主语+不及物动词+副词 This kind of wine drinks well and sells well. The suit wears well. Glass breaks easily.

主语+谓语+介词+宾语 We all agreed on the terms. He hates to argue with his wife about such small matters. All these things are to be answered for.

主语+系动词+形容词 Good medicine tastes bitter to the mouth. He was so tired that he fell asleep the moment he went to bed. Your explanation sounds reasonable.

主语+谓语+直接宾语 I want your promise. Have your fixed my watch? This factory produces 1000 cars a week.

主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语 He paid me a visit yesterday. He owed me 50 yuan. He wrote his family a letter yesterday.

主语+谓语+宾语+宾补 (to do) I will get someone to repair the recorder for you. I didn’t mean to hurt you. He invited me to teach at a well-known university.

主语+谓语+宾语+宾补 (do) I often hear her sing the song. The boss made workers work 15 hours a day. Don’t forget to have him come.

主语+谓语+现在分词 I heard her singing in the next room. We could feel our heats beating fast. Did you observe the birds flying around the trees?

主语+谓语+过去分词 I must have my watch repaired.

We must get he task finished on time. Speak louder to make yourself understood by everybody.

主语+谓语+宾语(动名词) I suggested putting off the meeting. They all avoided mentioning the matter. We can’t help laughing at the news.

主语+谓语+宾语(不定式) I can’t afford to buy such a large house. Don’t pretend to know what you don’t. He feared to speak in her presence. 主语+谓语+宾语(名词/代词)+介词+宾语 Nothing can prevent us from going forward. Thank you for your help. He demanded an answer from me.

练习写好句子的方法一:合并句子 It was early in the morning. Mr. Smith was in his garden. He was watering flowers. Early in the morning, Mr. Smith was watering flowers in his garden.

A girl was crossing a road. The girl was pretty. The road was wide. A pretty girl was crossing a wide road.

写好句子的方法二:改写句子 1) Mr. Green is a tall man, who wears a pair of thick glasses. (改成介词短语做伴 随状语) 1) The book cost me 300 yuan. Mr. Green is a tall man with a pair of thick glasses.

2) The ice on the lake is too thin for us to skate on. (使用 so?that?结构 改写句子) The ice on the lake is so thin that we can’t skate on it.

练习方法三:一句多译 这本书花了我 300 元。 I spent 300 yuan on the book. I paid 300 yuan for the book. The price of the book is 300 yuan. It cost me 300 yuan to buy the book. 我不懂什么英语,李明也不懂。 I don’t know any English, nor does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, nor does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, neither does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, no more does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, so it is with Li Ming. I know no more English than Li Ming does. I know as little English as Li Ming does.

一到家,我就把所见到的一切都记了下来。 On/Upon arriving home, I wrote down everything I had seen. As soon as I arrived home, I wrote down everything I had seen. The moment I arrived home, I wrote down everything I had seen. The instant I arrived home, I wrote down everything I had seen. No sooner had I arrived home than I wrote down everything I had seen.

昨天下午他才来。 He came here yesterday afternoon. He didn’t come here until yesterday afternoon. Not until yesterday afternoon did he come here.

It was yesterday afternoon that he arrived here. It was not until yesterday afternoon that he came here.

谋篇的原则:

满分作文都有个共性就是有效地使用了语句间的连接成分, 使全文结构紧凑。 文章的连 贯性和紧凑感是很重要的。 句子作为最小的表达意思的语言当位如果只是被随意的整合, 是 无法达到有效表达的目的。

常见的句子之间的连接手段有: 使用代词指代上一句中的名词 重复使用上一句中的词 使用连接词 使用平行结构 高考大纲中常用的连接词:

表并列补充关系的: what is more, besides, also, as well, moreover, furthermore, in addition, 表转折对比关系的: but, however, yet, instead, on the other hand, on the contrary, although, different from, in contrast to, despite, in spite of, whereas, unlike, nevertheless, not only?but also, here?there, years ago?today, this?that, the former?the latter, then?now, the first?whereas the second, once?now, on the one hand?on the other hand, some?others, 表因果关系的: since, as, because (of), for, so, thus, therefore, as a result, so that, 表条件关系的: if, on the condition (that), as long as, unless, or else, 表时间关系的: when, after, before, until, as soon as, later, afterwards, soon, lately, recently, since, from then on, eventually, in the meantime, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early this morning/year/century, after an interval, now, after, presently, later, afterward, somewhat later, finally, at last, all of a sudden, 表特定的顺序关系: above all, first of all, firstly, first, secondly, the , next,

finally, in the end, at last, 表换一种方式表达: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, 表进行举例说明: for instance, for example, like, such as, 表陈述事实: in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth 表总结: on the whole, in short, all in all, general, in a word, in conclusion, in closing, in summary.

***********************************************************结束


赞助商链接
更多相关文档:

重庆市万州区2015高考英语书面表达训练(1)及参考范文

重庆市万州区 2015 高考英语书面表达训练(1)及参考范文 【2014 高考英语广东省中山市华侨中学二模试题】基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 以下是一则关于中国...

江苏高考英语书面表达真题2008—2013以及范文

江苏高考英语书面表达真题2008—2013以及范文 - 2013 书面表达 第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 81.请根据你对以下两幅图的理解, 以“Actions Speak Louder...

2014高考英语 书面表达一轮训练(5)

2014高考英语 书面表达一轮训练(5) - 2014 高考英语书面表达一轮训练(5)参考范文 请你根据下列提示,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈“感恩”的意义。 When we grow ...

2018高考英语书面表达议论文讲解与欣赏选编(附参考范文)

高考英语书面表达:议论文讲解与欣赏选编(附参考范文) 高考英语讲义: (议论文) ...学习目标:学会高考英语议论文书面表达基本写作方法。 重点难点:学会议论文写作常用...

2009年高考英语作文范文

2009 年全国各省市高考英语书面表达题 全国各省市...第 5 页共 15 页 【参考范文】Dear Tom, 参考...第二步: 第二步:写作 可以先在草纸上起草,用...

2010高考英语书面表达各种类型格式与范文

高考英语书面表达各种类型格式与范文高考英语书面表达...Class 5, Grade Two 高考英语书面表达写作技巧·...

2017高考英语书面表达启事通知类写作

高考英语书面表达启事通知类写作 启事写作指导:“启事...通讯方式可以是邮寄或发 e-mail; 5. 截止日期是 ...1.7 参考范文 (西城 2014)假如你是校学生会主席...

2015年最新整理高考英语书面表达训练之二:关于学习习惯...

书面表达训练之二:关于学习习惯和方法_高考_高中教育...2 .(2011·山东卷)写作(满分 30 分) 中心词:...18页 5下载券 高考英语作文优秀范文分... 7页 ...

2015届高考英语二轮训练:书面表达(5)

2015 届高考高三英语二轮训练:书面表达(5) 书面表达 假如你是李明,最近,你的...Li Ming 参考范文 Dear Zhang Hua, I’m sorry to hear that you didn’t...

高考英语书面表达讲义

范文赏析及背诵 看图作文类 1. 今年寒假,你参加了...(强调解决此类问题的根本方法) 图表作文写作模板 The...2013高考英语书面表达讲... 5页 免费 2013高考...

更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com