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必修一 英语 unit4-5 知识点总结

Unit 4 知识点 1. burst into+n /burst out doing 突然...... burst into tears/ burst out crying 突然大哭 burst into laughter/ burst out laughing 2. as if 仿佛,好像 后接不可能发生的事情,用虚拟语气 ①与现在事实相反,用一般过去时(be 动词用 were) ②与过去事实相反,用过去完成时 ③与将来事实相反,用 would/could/might +do 3.at an end 结束,终结(常作表语) in the end 最后,最终 at the end of ...在......尽头/末 by the end of... 到......末 come to an end 结束 put...to an end 使......结束 bring...to an end 使......结束 4. in ruins 严重受损;破败不堪 be/lie in ruins 成为废墟 lie-lay-lain 5. be/get injured 受伤 6. destroy 完全损坏,不可修复 damage 损害 ,可修复 7. rescue from... 从.....营救出 8. be doing ....when..... 正在做某事......这时...... be about to do ... when.... 即将做某事......这时...... 9. be buried in 专心于,埋头于 bury oneself in 10. a great number of +可数名词复数, 作主语谓语动词用复数 the number of+名词,做主语谓语动词用单数 11. judging from ... 位于句首,只用 judging judge sb./sth from /by...... 根据......判断 12.congratulate sb.on sth.祝贺某人某事 congratulations to sb.on sth.祝贺某人某事 13. express one’s thanks to .... 向......表示感谢 14. do/cause damage to 对.......造成伤害/损伤 do harm to 对......有害 be harmful to 对......有害 15. be active in 在......方面积极 take an active part in ...积极参与 16. more than one +可数名词单词(不止一个.....)作主语谓语动词,用单数 17. many a +可数名词单数(许多......)作主语谓语动词用单数 18. rescue from... 从......营救 come to one’s rescue 营救某人 19. in honour of /in memory of 为了纪念...... 20. share sth. with sb.he 某人分享某物 Unit 5 1. of high/low quality 高/低质量的 quantity n.数量 2. mean to do sth. 打算做某事 mean doing 意味着.... 3. be active in 在......方面积极 4. be generous to sb.对某人大方 be generous with sth. 用某物大方 5. devote oneself to 献身于,致力于,专心于 be devoted to 献身于,致力于,专心于 to 均为介词,后可接名词,代词 devote one’s life to 一生致力于 和 doing 6. found vt. 建立,建设(founded, founded) 7. in a peaceful way 以和平的方式 8. out of work/ a job 失业(表状态) lose one’s work/ job 失业(表动作) 9. vote for ...投票支持...... vote against ...投票反对...... 10. be equal to 和......相等/胜任 11. in trouble 在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑等的处境中 get into trouble 陷入困境 12. be willing to do sth. 乐意做某事 13. turn to sb. for help/advice/comfort 向某人寻求帮助/建议/安慰 14. lose heart 丧失勇气或信心 lose one’s heart to sb.倾心于某人 15. escape from ...从......逃离/跑 escape doing sth. 逃避做某事 16. come to power 当权;上台 be in power 上台 17. beg sb. to do sth. 乞求某人做某事 beg for sth. 乞求得到某物 18. be sentenced to (介词)被判处...... be sentenced to death 被判处死刑 be frightened to death 害怕得要死 be starved to death 被饿得要死 19. in my opinion 依我之见,在我看来 20. put sb. Into/in prison throw sb. into prison send sb. to prison 把某人送进监狱 21. fight for......为......而奋斗/斗争 fight against 和......斗争 22. free from... 免于,摆脱... 23. He was the first man to land the moon. 24. see vt

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