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2019届高考英语一轮复习 Module 1 Deep South讲义 外研版选修科目_图文

【话题词汇】
1.masterpiece n. 杰作 2.salon n. 沙龙 3.exhibition n. 展览 4.inspiration n. 灵感;启发 5.realism n. 现实主义 6.mirror v. 反映

7.best seller 畅销书 8.work of art 艺术作品 9.full shot 全景 10.popular literature 大众文学

【经典语篇】 《鲁滨逊漂流记》是英国丹尼尔·笛福(Daniel Defoe)写的一部著名 小说。请根据下列要点写一篇简短的书评。 1.该书出版于1719年,它是一本最流行的历险小说之一; 2.简述小说的主要故事情节; 3.该书一部分是根据18世纪苏格兰水手Alexander Selkirk的事迹写 的; 4.小说描写细致实际,引人入胜。 注意:词数100左右。 参考词汇:自给自足的self-sufficient;食人肉的野人cannibal

【佳作欣赏】

A Review of Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe is one of the most popular adventurous novels by

the English author Daniel Defoe,published in 1719.① It is the

story of Robinson Crusoe,an Englishman who is shipwrecked in a

lonely tropical island.He builds himself a hut,grows his own food,

and

becomes

self



sufficient.After_23_years_he_meets_with_a_group_of_cannibals_an

d_rescues_one_of_their_prisoners



a_young_native_whom_he_calls_Friday.② Crusoe and his“man”

Friday

become

close

friends



and

when_they_are_finally_rescued_four_years_later



both_of_them_return_to_England.③

? Robinson Crusoe was partly based on the actual deeds of Alexander Selkirk,an 18th-century Scottish sailor who spent almost five years alone on a desert
island.This_novel_is_famous_for_its_lovely_details_and_its_ex
pression_of_belief_in_man's_ability_when_left_alone_in_nature. ④

? 【思维发散】 ? 1.将第①句改为复合句
? ____________________________________________________ ___
? ____________________________________________________ ___
? 2.同义句改写第②句
? ____________________________________________________ ___
? ____________________________________________________ ___
? 3.将第③句改为简单句
? ____________________________________________________ ___

? 4.将第④句补充完整
? ____________________________________________________ ___
? ____________________________________________________ ___
? 【答案】 1.Robinson Crusoe is one of the most popular adventurous novels by the English author Daniel Defoe,which was published in 1719.
? 2.After 23 years he meets with a group of cannibals and res- cues one of their prisoners,a young native called Friday by him.
? 3.Rescued four years later,both of them return to England. ? 4.This novel is famous for its lovely details and its expression
of belief in man's ability when he is left alone in nature.

核心单词
1.annual adj.每年的 2.extreme adj.极端的,极度的 3.trap v.储存,留存;使陷入困境 4.balance v.使平衡 5.depressing adj.令人沮丧的;令人抑郁的 6.minimum n.最少量;最小数 7.privilege n.荣幸 8.befriend v.对待……如朋友 9.depth n.深度;deep adj.深的deepen ;v.加深;使变深 10.promote v.促进;增进;promotion n.促进;促销 11.abnormal adj.不正常的,反常的;normal adj.(反义词)正 常的 12.absence n.缺乏;没有;absent adj.缺席的 13.discourage v.阻止;打消……的念头;encourage v.鼓 励;courage n.勇气;信心 14.emergency n.紧急情况;突发事情;emergent adj.出现 的;新兴的;emerge v.出现;显现出来 15.reliability n.可靠性;reliable adj.可靠的 16.inspiration n.鼓舞;启示;灵感;inspire v.鼓舞 语境助记——词不离句,句不离段 He befriended every stranger he met and he was very modest about his achievements.He was seldom absent from work and he worked hard,so he was soon promoted.It encouraged us greatly that he showed remarkable courage when dealing with an emergency.He was a constant inspiration to us.

单词运用
Ⅰ.用所给词的适当形式填空
1.It's not reliable (reliability) to judge a man only by his
looks.
2.The bill would permit workers twelve weeks of unpaid leave for family emergencies (emerge). 3.Soon afterwards,he made his first public statement
(state) about the affair to clear others' misunderstanding
of him. 4.With inspiration (inspire) from other food cultures,
American food culture can take a turn for the better.
5.This evening desert exploration (explore) includes an exciting drive,a camel ride and Arabic food and music.
6.Most mental illness is recognized only from the patient's
abnormal (normal) behaviours.
7.I don't like wearing the black uniform during work.Seeing the depressing colour,I feel very
depressed.(depress) 8.From his discouraged look,I judged he wasn't hired,
which was really discouraging.But I still encouraged him
to go to other companies to try his fortune.(discourage) Ⅱ.单词拼写 1.The film was a huge commercial(商业的)success. 2.As a new teacher,Susan tried to promote(促进)good
feelings between students and her. 3.She had the time and the inspiration(灵感)to develop her
talent. 4.Quick!Call an ambulance!This is an emergency(紧急 情况)! 5.The club members have the privilege(特权)of using the
lending service of the library.

高频短语

短语运用

用高频短语的适当形式填空

1.on_average 平均

1.Their goal is to share a special meal that

2.adapt_to 使适应 3.in_the_form_of 以……形 式
4.be_trapped_in 陷入

stands_out from other meals. 2.When you set_foot_on a new country,you
have to learn to get used to a whole new way
of life. 3.As a disabled man,I have learned to

5.stand_out 引人注目,突出 adapt_to my disability.

6.set_foot_on 进入,到达 4.You had better book rooms at the hotel in

7.in_particular 特别地

advance in_case you should find no room on

8.come_into_sight 进入视野 your arrival.

9.come_up_with 想出;提供 5.—I believe it is the only solution to this

10.keep_one's_promise 信守 诺言
11.discourage_sb.from_doing _sth. 阻止某人做某事

problem. —That's debatable,I think.I can
come_up_with five other solutions as good
as that. 6.When you keep_your_promise,no matter

12.in_case_of 如果;假使 how much effort it takes,you will be

rewarded.

常用句型

句型运用

Not_until_the_late_18th_cent Not until we pointed out their

ury_did_the_British_explo fault to them

rer_James_Cook_cross_the _________________________

_Antarctic_Circle,but he _ .

never saw land.

直到我们向他们指出了他们的

【信息提取】 not until的句 错误,他们才意识到。

式使用

【答案】 did they realize it

重点语法:复习主语和动词

Ⅰ.动词填空

value

enjoy

take in

take up

1.If you don't ________ the advice of your teachers,you'll

regret it sooner or later.

2.Some students find it hard to ________ the new teacher's

dialect.

Ⅱ.主语填空

neither one both she

3.I sent a wedding invitation to a friend,but unfortunately

________ couldn't attend my wedding ceremony.

4.—You ran into Mr.Li!How did that happen?

—Well,________ of us was looking where we were going.

5.________ of the three questions that have been asked by the
students has been solved. 【答案】 1.value 2.take in 3.she 4.neither 5.One

[词汇突破] 1.trap (1)vt.储存,留存;被困住 Because of global warming,the Earth is warmed by gases trapped in the atmosphere. 因为全球变暖,地球被困在大气层中的气体变热了。 (2)vt.使陷入困境
Some miners were trapped underground after the collapse. 塌方后,有些矿工被困在地下。

(3)vt.& vi.设陷阱捕捉;设陷阱;设圈套 The bear was trapped. 那只熊被陷阱所困。 He made his living by trapping. 他以捕捉野兽为生。 (4)n.陷阱;圈套 The police set a trap to catch the thief. 警察设下了捉拿窃贼的圈套。

【归纳拓展】 be trapped in被困在……里面 【温馨提示】 作状语或定语时,要用trapped in...
写出下列句子中划线部分的含义 ①The hunter set_traps to catch foxes.____________ ②I knew perfectly well it was a_trap. ____________ ③The police trapped_him_into_telling_the_truth.____________ ④Many women are_trapped_in loveless marriages.____________ 【答案】 ①设陷阱 ②一个陷阱 ③设圈套使他招供 ④陷入

? 高考链接 ? (2016·北京卷,B)Teenagers climbed dozens of flights of stairs
to deliver water and food to elderly people ________(trap) in powerless high-rise buildings.
? 【答案】 trapped

2.balance (1)vt.使平衡;权衡 Can you balance yourself on skates? 你穿冰鞋能保持平衡吗?
She balanced the attractions of a high salary against the prospect of working long hours. 她对高薪和长工时两者的利弊作了权衡比较。 (2)n.天平;平衡 I lost my balance and fell. 我身体失去平衡,摔了一跤。

【归纳拓展】

巧学助记

完成句子 ①You have to______________ the disadvantages. 你得权衡一下住在乡下的好处和坏处。 ②____________ is very important for you to keep healthy. 平衡饮食对你保持健康非常重要。 【答案】 ①balance the advantages of living in the countryside against ②A balanced diet

? 高考链接
? (2016· 四 川 卷 , C)These local citizens now have to_______(balance) their traditional self-supporting hunting lifestyle with the lifestyle offered by the modern French Republic,which brings with it not only necessary state welfare, but also alcoholism,betrayal and even suicide.
? 【答案】 balance

3.promote (1)vt.& vi.促进;增进;促销 The Prime Minister's visit will promote the cooperation between the two countries. 首相的访问将促进两国间的合作。
Your job is to promote the new product. 你的工作是促销这一新产品。 (2)vt.& vi.晋升 He has been promoted to general manager. 他已被提升为总经理。

【归纳拓展】

?promote sb.?from sth.?to sth.

? ?

把某人?从某职位?提升到某职位

(1)?be promoted to...被升为……

?promote development/understanding/foreign trade ??促进发展/加深了解/促进对外贸易

??promotion n.提升,晋级;鼓励,提倡 (2)???get/win/gain promotion得到/争取晋升

用promote的适当形式填空
① It appears to reduce pressure and ________ a sense of well-being.
②She worked hard and was soon ________ from a saleswoman to a manager.
③Do you have any idea about how to ________ the sales of this product?
④The new job is a ________ for him.
【答案】 ①promote ②promoted ③promote ④promotion

4.privilege n.特权;特别待遇 v.给予……特权
He said that it was a privilege for him to help Rose. 他说能帮助Rose是难得的机会。
Certain privileges went with their position. 某些特权是与他们的地位相对应的。
The president granted the prisoner the privilege of seeing his wife and children. 总统准予这个囚犯有看望妻子和孩子的特权。 In some countries,the president can privilege somebody from capital punishment. 在有些国家里,总统可以特赦一些人免于死刑。 We are privileged to have a distinguished guest with us tonight.我 们今晚有幸与一位贵宾在一起。

【归纳拓展】

?enjoy privileges

享受特权

??have the privilege of 拥有做……的特权,

(1)? 荣幸地去做……

??grant sb.the privilege of ?It is a privilege to do...

赋予某人……的特权 能做……真是荣幸

??the privileged class (2)?
??be/feel privileged to do

特权阶级 有幸去做

句型转换
①I was privileged to be a volunteer of the London Olympics. =I ____________________________________ a volunteer of the London Olympics. ②Only members have the privilege to use the playground. = Only members ______________________________ the playground. 【答案】 ①have the privilege to be ②have the privilege of using

5.discourage vt.& vi.阻止;打消……念头;使失去信心 They discouraged me from taking that step. 他们劝阻我采取那个步骤。 We discourage smoking in this school. 我们阻止在这所学校里吸烟。

【归纳拓展】
discourage sb.from doing sth. 劝某人不要做某事;使某人失去做某事的信心 discouraged adj.感到泄气的 discouraging adj.令人泄气的 discouragement n.沮丧,气馁,泄气,使人泄气的事物 encourage vt. 鼓励 encourage sb.to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

巧学助记

多维训练
(1)单句语法填空
① If you meet with any difficulty in your study, don't be ________(discourage).
②The examination result is ________(discourage).
③His parents tried ________(discourage) his interest in music, but he persisted.
④The loud music was a ________(discourage) to conversation.
⑤We tried to discourage him ________ climbing the mountain without a guide.
⑥He was discouraged from ________(marry) the girl by his mother.

? (2)单句改错 ? ①He was discouraged going there alone.________ ? ②Unfortunately,what is coming out of the US is desperately
discouraged.________ ? 【 答 案 】 (1)①discouraged ② discouraging ③ to
discourage ④discouragement ⑤from ⑥marrying ? (2)①discouraged后加from ②discouraged→discouraging

6.state n.状态,形势;州,国家,政府 vt.陈述,声明,说明 adj.官方的;国家(州)的
Antarctica holds 90%of the world's ice, and most of its fresh water(70%)is in a frozen state. 南极洲拥有世界90%的冰,当然其大部分淡水(70%)都处于一种 冰冻状态。 If elected,they want to cut back the powers of the state. 如果当选,他们想削减政府的权力。 Water exists in three states:liquid,gas and solid. 水有三种状态:液态,气态和固态。

【归纳拓展】

??in a...state

处于……的状态

(1)? ??state-owned

国有的

(2)It is stated that...

据称……

??statement n.

声明;陈述

(3)? ??make a statement

发表声明

The roads are in a terrible state after the severe winter weather. 严冬过后,这些公路的路况极差。

The company will make a statement about the accident later today.
那家公司将在今天晚些时候对这一事故发表声明。

完成句子
He wished me to appear at that place,and ____________ of the fact.
他希望我能到那地方去,对这件事作一个恰如其分的陈述。
【答案】 make a suitable statement
高考链接
(2016·四川卷,C)These local citizens now have to balance their traditional self - supporting hunting lifestyle with the lifestyle offered by the modern French Republic,which brings with it not only necessary________(state) welfare , but also alcoholism , betrayal and even suicide.
【答案】 state

? [短语聚焦] ? 1.break up ? (1)结束;停止;解散 ? The party broke up at midnight. ? 晚会在午夜结束。 ? He broke up the fight between the two gangs. ? 他制止了两伙人打架。

(2)打破;弄碎;拆开 She broke up the glass in her search for money. 她在找钱时把玻璃打碎了。 (3)(学校期终)放假 The boys will break up for the Christmas vacation next week. 孩子们下周放圣诞假。

【归纳拓展】 break down分解;毁掉;出故障;(身体)垮掉 break in破门而入;打断 break into 破门而入;突然……起来 Hearing the news,he broke into tears. 一听到这消息他突然哭起来了。 break out 爆发;发生 break away from脱离;挣脱 break through突围;突破

多维训练 (1)观察句子,写出黑体部分的含义 ①The space shuttle Challenger broke up in the air.______ ②The meeting didn't break up until deep at night.______ ③Did you know that Kate broke up with her boyfriend?______ ④The police came running and broke up the crowd.______ ⑤When does the school break up for the summer holidays? ______

(2)完成句子 ①The computer system ______ suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.
当他在网上找信息时,电脑系统突然出故障了。 ②After a fire ______ in the lab, a lot of equipment was damaged. 实验室发生火灾后,很多设备被毁。
【答案】 (1)①解体 ②结束 ③分手 ④驱散 ⑤放假 (2)①broke down ②broke out

? 高考链接 ? (2016·北京卷)Norton Sound was covered with
ice , which could sometimes________( 结 束 ) without warning. If that happened , Seppala might fall into the icy water below.
? 【答案】 break up

2.in case of sth./in case (that) (1)如果;假使。表示条件。 In case of any difficulty,call me at once. 如有任何困难,立即找我。 In case it rains,do not expect me. 如果天下雨,就不要指望我来了。 (2)以防。表示目的。 I have kept a reserve fund in case of accidents. 我已筹备了一笔准备基金以防不测。

【归纳拓展】 as is often the case这是常有的事 as the case may be看情况,根据具体情况而定 be the case with……的情况是 in any case无论如何,总之 in no case 决不 in that (this) case 如果是那样(这样)的话 It/This is not the case.情况不是这样。 just in case以防万一

完成句子 ①______(对他来说这是常有的事),he was late for class. ②Keep the windows closed ______(以防下雨). ③In no case_________________________________________ (注意到那件事). ④________________(不管怎样),a lot can be accomplished by a smile and good manners. ⑤Please inform me in advance __________(如果有什么变化). 【 答 案 】 ① As is often the case with him ② in case it rains/(should) rain ③have I noticed that/the matter ④In any case ⑤in case of any change

[句型精析]
Not_until_the_late_18th_century_did_the_British_explorer_James _Cook_cross_the_Antarctic_Circle,but he never saw land.
直到18世纪末,英国探险家詹姆斯·库克才穿越了南极圈,但他 却从未发现任何陆地。
该句是一个倒装句,其相当于:The British explorer James Cook didn't cross the Antarctic Circle until the late 18th century,but he never saw land.
1)not until ...did+主语 直到……才……
...until...直到……的时候
not...until...直到……才……

Not until midnight did he go to bed. =He didn't go to bed until midnight. =It wasn't until midnight that he went to bed. 直到半夜(以后)他才上床睡觉。 【温馨提示】 Not until...句式要与It was not until...that...句式区 别清楚,后者不用倒装语序。如上面两句改为It强调句则是:
It was not until the teacher came in that the students stopped talking.
It is not until next week that the sports meet will be held.

2)在句型“主句+until/till+时间状语从句或状语”中,尤其应注 意以下几点:
①主句中动词是非延续性动词,如leave,graduate,break等时, 必须用否定形式。
②主句中动词是延续性动词,肯定、否定形式都可以,但意义完 全不同。肯定句表示动作或状态的结束,否定句表示动作或状态 的开始。
You are to stay here until/till your mother comes back.
你要待到你妈妈回来。
Until then,I knew nothing at all about it.
直到那时,我对那件事还一无所知。

Not_until all the fish died in the river did the villagers realize how serious the pollution was. 直到河里的鱼都死了,村民们才意识到污染的严重性。 It_was_not_until today that it was made publicly. 那件事直到今天才被公布出来。

句型转换 ①We didn't leave until the rain stopped. ________ the rain stopped ________ we leave. ②He won't go to bed until his mother comes back. ________ his mother comes back ________ he go to bed. ③He didn't know about it until we told him. (倒装句)________ we told him ________ he know about it. (强调句)It ________ we told him ________ he knew about it. 【答案】 ①Not until did ②Not until will ③Not until did was not until that


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