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北师大版教案 Unit 9 Wheels
Lesson 4 Car Culture
Objectives ◆ To practise making notes of the important from a reading text. ◆ To practice using collocations. ◆ To talk about traffic and traffic problems. Pre-reading Show some pictures of cars. Ⅰ. Answer the questions about cars. Tell the class. Does your family have a car? If so, what kind of car is it? How often do you travel in it? What car would you like to have? Why? Example We’ve got a Toyota. My dad uses it for work. I don’t travel much in it. But I like it very much. It makes us comfortable. Ⅱ. Check the meaning of these traffic words in a dictionary. accident(交通)意外, air pollution 空气污染, carbon monoxide 一氧化碳, highrway 高速公路, construction works 施工工程, speed limit 速度限制, pavement 人行道, traffic jam 交通堵塞, crossroads 十字路口 Reading: Read the article and make notes in your notebook. Use the Reading Strategies to help you.Then complete it. Traffic in Britain Number of cars: 25million Increase in the last ten years: 30% Amount of TV advertising: 1/4 Proportion of short car journeys: 25% under 2 miles Chemicals produced by cars: carbon monoxide Health effects of air pollution: 25,000 deaths p.a., types of cancer caused by traffic pollution Number of road deaths: over 3,000 per year Advantages of buses over cars: 40 people travel in 1 bus, you can relax on a bus Advantages of sharing a car: cheaper and kinder to environment Advantages of physical exercise: saves money, keeps you fit and helps you live longer, cuts the risk of heart disease Ways of making streets safer: speed limit, pedestrian area Post-reading Read the text again and answer these questions: 1.What are the A10, the M11 and the M25? Roads. 2.What effect does traffic have on people?
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Makes them angry and stressed. 3. Why do people make excuses? Because they want to continue using their cars. 4. What does Jenny Trowe think about car adverts on TV? They present an untrue picture of driving and cars. 5. How does she think we should change our lifestyles? We should take action by writing to the papers, going to the town council, getting a protest group together. Language points: 1. get stuck 陷入,卡住 Use a dictionary if you get stuck. 2. How often do we arrive at work or school stressed out, tired, and angry? 有多少次我们极度焦虑、疲惫、恼怒地到达办公室和学校? 此处的 stressed out, tired, angry 是形容词做状语。 He went to bed, cold and hungry. 他又冷又饿地上床睡觉去了。 The thief was caught red-handed. 小偷被当场抓住。 3. compared—to(with)与――相比。 Compared to(with) a student grant the pay is quite good. 与学生的补助金相比,这份收入相当不错了。 Compared with most of the women at that time, she was lucky. 4. go up to 上升至。 The new building is going up to fifty stories. The number of the visitors today has gone up to 3,000. go up by 以某种速度(比例)上升 Industrial production went up by nearly two-fifths in the past three years. 过去的三年中工业生产上升了 2/5。 5. One in seven children in Britain suffers from asthma. 在英国,每 7 个孩子中就有 1 人患哮喘病。 in 此处表示在(几个)人之中。 One in every four children examined had bad teeth. 6. be addicted to 对――上瘾,对――有瘾 It does not take long to become addicted to drugs.对毒品上瘾 My kids are all addicted to TV cartoons. 7. on average 平均起来,一般来说 On average we received ten junk e-mails every day. These youth are on the average better educated and smarter than the ones you have already hired. Exercise 1 In English, some words often go together to form common expressions. Match the words below. 1 to make a) twenty minutes 2 around b) a conversation 3 to go up c) journey 4 to get stuck d) fit
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5 heavy e) an excuse 6 a short f) in a traffic jam 7 to keep g) by 20% 8 to have h) transport 9 public i) the corner 10 to take j) traffic Answers: 1e 2i 3g 4f 5j 6c 7d 8b 9h 10a Exercise 2 Useful vocabulary: destruction, addiction, be addicted to, be/get stuck in, stressed out, compare to, cost, carry on, confess, risk, occupy, complain about Use the words or phrases from above to complete the sentences. 1. The floods brought death and to the area. 2. The boat the mud. 3. Workers who had lost their jobs the way they had been treated. 4. Occasionally people to crimes they haven’t committed just to get attention. 5. I tried to give up smoking several times before I realized I it. 6. Three companies the new building. 7. our small flat, Bill’s house seemed like a palace. 8. Studying for exams always . 9. This doesn’t include the of repairing the damage. Answers: 1 destruction 2 was stuck in 3 complained about 4 confess 5 had addicted to 6 occupies 7 Compared to 8 stresses me out 9 cost Homework Write an article about the advantages and disadvantages of having a car according to the text.

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