2016 届广州市高考模拟考试 英 语
2016．01 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。考试结束后，将本试卷和答 题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ卷 注意事项： 1. 答第 I 卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。
第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Make a difference with your photography Take the chance to make a real difference with your photography and contribute to One Minute on Earth, a project aiming to help street children around the world. We all live on the planet Earth, in different time zones and different parts of the world. When you read this, it will be night in one part of the world and morning somewhere else. A sunset and a sunrise is always there at any minute on earth. In 2015 on the 6th of April at 13:00 (New York time), 200 photographers all around the world clicked on the button of their cameras all within the same minute on earth. From all these amazing landscape photos and stories, a photobook was made which was sold to raise money for charity. 100% of this profit was donated to the Ashalayam Deutschland organisation which used this money to support a street children center in Kolkata India. You can still buy this book from our website, which will help us continue to support the kids.
We plan to hold this event annually, with the next one scheduled on June 21st 2016 at 21:00 (New York time). Money raised from the sale of the new photobook will go to a home in South Africa where 75 parentless children live. This year’s event will include not only landscape photos but also street photos. The main rule is that the sky must be shown in the photo, so all can see at what time it was shot when this year’s One Minute on Earth got to you.
1. What is the main goal of One Minute on Earth? A. To raise money for children. C. To find the best picture. B. To publish a photobook. D. To take pictures of different places.
2. What do the 2015 and 2016 events have in common? A. They take place on the same date. B. They each produce a photobook. C. They require the same type of picture. D. The money raised goes to the same children. 3. What is the main rule of the 2016 event? A. All photos must be landscapes. B. The photos must be taken in Africa. C. The sky must appear in every photo. D. Each photographer can submit only one photo.
B For many people, leisure time is an opportunity to get outdoors, have some fun and meet interesting people. Add two pieces of advanced 21st century technology — global positioning system (GPS) devices and the Internet — to get “geocaching”. The word geocaching comes from “geo” (earth) and “cache” (hidden storage). Geocachers log onto a website to find information about the location of a cache — usually a waterproof plastic box containing small items such as toys and CDs — along with a notebook where “finders” can enter comments and learn about the cache “owner”, the person who created and hid the cache. Finders may take any of the items in the cache but are expected to replace them with something of similar value. They then visit the website again and write a message to the owner.
Geocaching became possible on May 1, 2000, when a satellite system developed by the U.S. Department of Defense was made public. Using an inexpensive GPS device, anyone on earth can send a signal to the satellites and receive information about their position. This is basically a high-tech version of orienteering, the traditional pastime which uses maps and compasses instead of GPS to determine one’s location. Geocachers are a very considerate group. Owners carefully choose a cache’s location to give finders an enjoyable experience, such as a beautiful view or a good campsite. They also consider the environmental impact of their cache since it could result in an increased number of visitors to an area. As for the content of the caches, owners and finders must only use items that are suitable for the whole family, as caches are found by geocachers of all ages.
4. According to the passage, geocaching is __________. A. an outdoor leisure activity C. a game used to teach geography B. a new type of technology D. a program to protect environment
5. How can finders learn about the cache owners? A. By meeting them. C. From the notebook. B. By going to a website. D. From the satellite.
6. Which of the following is NOT used in geocaching? A. A GPS device. C. A plastic container. B. A compass. D. The Internet.
7. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Most geocachers are adults. B. Any item can be placed in the caches. C. The caches should be put in a remote place. D. Geocachers try to avoid damaging the environment.
C As a child, visiting the zoo was more a punishment than a treat. I didn’t find the chimps’ tea parties funny, nor the bird shows entertaining. Feeding time for seals was less painful, but their performances still seemed like they belonged more in a circus.
And I hated circuses, especially the animal acts — men teasing lions, girls balancing on elephants and monkeys playing football. I knew that every trick a circus animal did was unnatural, achieved through strict training and quite possibly cruelty. Happily, during my lifetime public attitudes and the law have changed. Circuses using wild animals are now almost extinct, and zoos have definitely evolved. When my children were young, I occasionally took them to our local zoo. The elephants were in tiny cages and the gorillas looked bored as they sat peeling bananas and staring at teasing visitors. Each cage had a sign which listed the animal’s name and where it came from. But, back then, there was little information included about the environmental challenges they faced. As a result, environmentalists and animal lovers often oppose zoos. “Animals belong in the wild,” is a common — and understandable — complaint. But what do the animals themselves prefer? Generally speaking, zoo animals have a longer life. But — you may protest — they are not free. What? Free to be hunted and killed, free to die of hunger or thirst? Maybe sitting in a cage eating bananas isn’t so bad. Not that such conditions are acceptable in modern zoos, due to the work of BIAZA, the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums. These days every zoo requires BIAZA’s approval to operate, and the association sets the standards, observes conditions in zoos and develops animal-research programmes, both in the UK and abroad. BIAZA also organises the animal exchanges between zoos all over the world. Consequently, today, most zoo animals are born and raised in zoos, live in large, comfortable enclosures and are cared for by well-trained, knowledgeable and caring zoo employees. Of course it’s no substitute for living in the wild but unfortunately this isn’t always possible. Meanwhile, why not visit your local zoo and decide for yourself?
8. The passage is mainly about __________. A. how zoos have improved B. whether a zoo should be closed down C. a new environmental organisation D. the difference between zoos and circuses
9. From Paragraph 2, we can guess that the writer believes circus animals __________. A. had much shorter lives than those in the wild B. were not treated well by their trainers C. should have been placed in zoos D. were not as intelligent as those in zoos 10. Which of the following roles are performed by BIAZA? A. Organising animal study projects and training zoo workers. B. Checking zoo conditions and arranging animal exchanges. C. Designing zoos and approving zoo operations. D. Caring for ill animals and setting zoo standards. 11. Which of the following statements about zoos would the writer agree with? A. Zoo animals should be freed into the wild. B. Zoos are more popular now than in the past. C. Zoo animals are more restricted than in the past. D. Zoos now provide caring living conditions for animals.
D Far out in the lake was a large wooden platform on which stood an improbably high diving board — a kind of wooden Eiffel Tower. It was, I’m sure, the county’s tallest wooden structure and no one had ever been known to jump from it. So it was quite a shock when our teacher, Mr. Milton, announced that he would dive off the high board that very afternoon. Word of his questionable plan was already spreading through town as Mr. Milton swam out to the platform. He was just a tiny, stick figure when he got there but even from such a distance the high board seemed almost to touch the clouds. Once at the top, he paced the enormously long board, then took some deep breaths and finally stood at edge. He was going to do it. Several hundred people had gathered at the shore to watch. Mr. Milton stood for quite a long time, then he raised his arms, took one massive bounce and launched himself into a perfect dive. It was beautiful. He fell with perfect style for what seemed minutes. The crowd fell silent. The only
sound to be heard was the faint whistle of his body tearing through the air toward the water far, far below. But about three quarters of the way down he seemed to have second thoughts and began suddenly to panic, waving his arms and legs like someone having a bad dream. When he was perhaps thirty feet above the water, he gave up on waving and spread his arms and legs wide, apparently hoping that it would somehow slow his fall. It didn’t. He hit the water at over six hundred miles an hour. The impact was so loud that it made birds fly out of their trees three miles away. I don’t think he entered the water at all. He just bounced off it, about fifteen feet back into the air. After that, he lay still on the surface, spinning like an autumn leaf. He was brought to shore by two passing fishermen in a rowboat and placed on an old blanket where he spent the rest of the afternoon. Occasionally he accepted small sips of water, but otherwise was too shocked to speak. From head to toe, he was covered with deep red bruises. ... It was the best day of my life.
12. What did the writer think of Mr. Milton’s plan to jump from the diving board? A. Crazy. B. Disappointing. C. Heroic. D. Confused.
13. In Paragraph 3, Mr Milton is described as “a tiny, stick figure” because he was __________. A. tired after swimming C. very far away B. very small and thin D. sure to be broken
14. Why did Mr. Milton suddenly start swinging his arms and legs during the dive? A. He thought it was the best way to slow his fall. B. He lost his confidence and started to panic. C. He was signalling the crowd for help. D. He wanted to show his courage. 15. Which of the following sentences from the passage is an example of a fact? A. He hit the water at over six hundred miles an hour. B. The impact was so loud that it made birds fly out of trees up to three miles away.
C. He just bounced off it, about fifteen feet back into the air. D. He was brought to shore by two passing fishermen in a rowboat ….
第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。
Since the day of its birth, the United Nations has been the subject of much debate.
Others think that it is too weak. We can better understand this debate if we learn more about the U.N. and its history. The U.N. was started for two reasons. First, when the idea was born, people all over the world were tired of war. They felt that there must be peaceful answers to the world’s problems. 17 The second reason was that modern science had developed new bombs and airplanes. 18
National borders were beginning to lose their meaning. Science would develop even more dangerous weapons in the future. Only an international organization would be able to control modern science. Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S. President at the time, believed that the Allies (联盟) should plan for peace before the war ended. On December 1, 1943, Roosevelt, Britain’s Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin from Soviet Union agreed to start an organization for world peace. 19
During the next year and a half, the idea of such an organisation was debated around the world. Then came the big day. On April 11, 1945, the first international meeting of the United Nations took place in San Francisco. The goal of the meeting was to write the U.N. Charter (宪章). All of the fifty-one nations at the meeting had their own ideas to offer for the Charter. Every nation present voted for the Charter. No one voted against it. A. After a long debate, a final Charter was agreed upon. B. The U.N. Charter is a beautiful piece of writing. C. They asked all countries, large and small, to join the organization. D. Even the smallest country on earth can have its voice heard. E. They also felt that only an international organization could keep world peace. 20
F. These weapons made it almost impossible for a country to defend itself. G. Some people attack the organization because they think it is too powerful.
第二部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I lifted my wet woollen gloves to my face and wiped the snowflakes from my eyes. I could not feel my nose and my 21 formed a thick fog in the air. The biting wind was making me
22 . I was fed up! I didn’t want to be here. I wanted to go home. But Mum and Dad had 23 me to go for a Sunday afternoon walk in the park. I could see my 24 in the snowy path, 25 .
like a trail of breadcrumbs (一串面包屑) in the forest showing me the way I stopped and listened to my hungry for a delicious 26 . I could 27 29
the wind crying like a homeless dog , which used to wave gently in the 30 blanket of fresh snow. Then I 31
28 . The once-green tree
breeze, had become bare, and the grass was covered with a
saw a broken spider’s web shining golden beneath a pale sun. My breath was like silky soft floating up into the freezing cold air. Suddenly there was Mum, immediately 33 my heart. 34 32
handing me a big cup of hot chocolate. Her big smile
“Here you are, Jo. This will keep you around my shoulders and 35
,” she said as she placed a comforting arm
her cheek against mine. 36 and felt it slowly dripping down my throat like 38 .
I slowly took a mouthful of the hot lava (熔岩) 37
down a mountainside. My wet woollen gloves were now warm, not 39 fed up or cold. I was happy and 40 .
My breath warmed, and I was
21. A. sweat 22. A. hungry 23. A. forced 24. A. shadow
B. breath B. thirsty B. forbidden B. image
C. tears C. cold C. allowed C. shoes
D. words D. tired D. needed D. footprints
25. A. up 26. A. surroundings 27. A. see 28. A. chocolate 29. A. roots 30. A. colourful 31. A. ice 32. A. finally 33. A. melted 34. A. calm 35. A. raised 36. A. soup 37. A. flowing 38. A. damaged 39. A. either 40. A. surprised
B. inside B. whispers B. hear B. drink B. branches B. shabby B. rain B. cheerfully B. impressed B. alive B. felt B. liquid B. walking B. abandoned B. sometimes B. contented
C. home C. heartbeat C. feel C. bone C. trunks C. plain C. smoke C. gradually C. broke C. warm C. dropped C. meal C. jumping C. frozen C. no less C. determined
D. there D. mind D. smell D. snowball D. leaves D. white D. light D. unwillingly D. stopped D. awake D. pressed D. cup D. squeezing D. worn D. no longer D. warm-hearted
第 II 卷 注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 45 分） 第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Although Socrates (苏格拉底) was poor all his life, he never asked his pupils to pay for their lessons. He taught 41 the love of wisdom, not for money. And 42 he had to say was
always new and worth hearing. All his pupils loved him. But his unusual ways of teaching and his demand that students always ask questions made him some 43 (danger) enemies. The rulers did not want to be questioned. So they 45 44
(false) accused Socrates of teaching young men bad things and
(lead) them to ignore 46 (arrest), and he
religion. In fact Socrates was a very religious man. His enemies had him
was sentenced to death by poisoning. During the 30 days before he was put to death, his friends and pupils him in his prison. They were astonished to find that 48 47 (allow) to visit
was calm and cheerful. He had no 49
fear of dying. When the deadly poison was finally brought to Socrates, his friends were in (tear), but Socrates seemed to be the 50
(brave) man in the room. He raised the cup and
drank it as if it were a glass of banquet wine.
第四部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 The best advice I received in my childhood was from my dad. He always gives me some advice, but I seldom took them seriously. One day he was encouraged me to participate in a speech competition. So I signed up and after the competition, I did my best to be full prepared. But the moment I stood on the stage, I was such nervous that my mind completely went blank. The experience of lose a competition was really painful. Then, my dad said, “My son, life is like battlefield. You have to lose many time to win the final victory.” Thanks for his advice, I never give up when I do anything.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华，得知某英文网站组织免费派送《灰姑娘》音乐剧赠票的竞赛活动，但需 要申请者写信竞票。请你给主办单位写一封信，内容包括： 1．你得知赠票信息的途径； 2．你对《灰姑娘》故事的喜爱和对该音乐剧的期待；
3．申请赠票并表示感谢； 4. 赠票寄送地址：广州市中山路 91 号 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语已为你写好。 4. 参考词汇： 《灰姑娘》音乐剧 the Cinderella musical
Dear Sir/Madame, …
Yours, Li Hua
2016 届广州市高考模拟考试 （2016.1） 英语 参考答案及评分参考
第一部分： 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. D 8. A 9. B 10. B
11. D 12. A 13. C 14. B 15. D 16. G 17. E 18. F 19. C 20. A
第二部分： 21. B 22. C 23. A 24. D 25. C 26. A 27. B 28. C 29. B 30. D 31. C 32. B 33. A 34. C 35. D 36. B 37. A 38. C 39. D 40. B
41. for 46. arrested
42. what 47. were allowed
43. dangerous 48. he
44. falsely 49. tears
45. leading 50. bravest
第三部分： 第一节 短文改错： The best advice I received in my childhood was from my dad. He always gives me some gave advice, but I seldom took them seriously. One day he was encouraged me to participate in a it speech competition. So I signed up and after the competition, I did my best to be full prepared. before fully
But the moment I stood on the stage, I was such nervous that my mind completely went blank. so The experience of lose a competition was really painful. Then, my dad said, “My son, life losing is like∧battlefield. You have to lose many time to win the final victory.” Thanks for his advice, a I never give up when I do anything. times to
第二节 书面表达： 一、评分原则 1．本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2．评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡 量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3．词数少于 80 和多于 120 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4．评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及 上下文的连贯性。 5．拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以 考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6．如书写较差以至影响交际，将其分数降低一个档次。
2. 你得知赠票信息的途径； 3．你对《灰姑娘》故事的喜爱； 4. 你对该音乐剧的期待； 5．申请赠票并表示感谢； 6. 赠票寄送地址：广州市中山路 91 号
三、各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档（21～25 分） 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 － 覆盖所有内容要点。 － 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 － 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致。 － 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。
第四档（16～20 分） 完成了试题规定的任务。 － 虽漏掉一两个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 － 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 － 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇 所致。 － 应用简单的语句间连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。
第三档（11～15 分） 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 － 虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 － 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 － 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 － 应用简单的语句间连接成分，使全文内容连贯。
第二档（6～10 分） 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 － 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 － 语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 － 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 － 较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。
第一档（1～5 分） 未完成试题规定的任务。 － 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 － 语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 － 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 － 缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。
0分 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；所写内容均与所要求内容无关或所写 内容无法看清。
四、说明 1．内容要点可用不同方式表达。 2．应紧扣主题，可适当发挥。
五、One Possible Version
Dear Sir/Madam, I’m writing about the competition for free tickets to the new Cinderella musical advertised on
your website. Here’s why I should win. I’m an 18-year-old student, who’s loved the Cinderella story since I was 4. Over those years, I’ve collected and read over 20 different book versions of Cinderella, seen all the Cinderella movies and twice attended play performances. So you can imagine how excited I was to hear the musical is coming to town. I’ve read that it’s an incredible show with wonderful songs, amazing costumes and spectacular sets. Thanks for organising the competition and I hope I’m one of the lucky winners. If I am, my ticket can be sent to 91 Zhongshan Road Guangzhou. Regards Li Hua
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