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2009年高考英语第二轮语法专题复习教案八名词性从句


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2009 年高考英语第二轮语法专题复习八 名词性从句
知识要点: 1、熟悉并掌握各个连接词、关系代词和连接副词的用法。 2、熟悉并掌握复合句即名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句) , 定语从句和状语从句。 什么叫复合句 由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的句子叫复合句。 在复合句中主句是全句的主 体,从句是全句的一个成分,不能独立。 从句通常是用关联词来引导的。在这里关联词还起联系从句和主句的作用。 主从复合句(Complex Sentences) 一、从句的种类: 主语从句(Subject Clauses) 1、名词性从句 表语从句(Predicative Clauses) Noun Clauses 宾语从句(Object Clauses) 同位语从句(Appositive Clauses) 2、定语从句 (Attributive Clauses) 3、状语从句 (Adverbial Clauses) 注:以 it 作形式主语,把主语从句后置的常用的句型有: (1)It + be + 形容词 + that 从句 (2)It + be + 名词词组 + that 从句 (3)It + be + 过去分词 + that 从句 (4)It seem, happen 等不及物动词 + that 从句 二、常用的关联词 1、从属连词 that(无词义) ;whether 是否;if 假如,是否 although(though)虽然;because 因为

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when 当…时候;before 在…前;after 在…后 since 既然,自从;as 正如,尽管,一边,由于;while 在…期间 as soon as 一…就;as long as 只要;as if 好像 2、连接代词 3、连接副词 4、关系代词 5、关系副词 1、主语从句: 种类 连 关联词 that 例 句 说 明 who, whom, which, what, whose when, where, why, how who, whom, whose, which, that when, where, why

That he will come and help you is certain. 他来帮助你是确实无疑的。

that 在句首不可省去



whether

Whether there is life on the moon is an

主语从句中只能用

interesting question. 月球上有没有生命是个 whether 不可用 if。 有趣的问题。 主 连 接 语 代 词 从 连 接 句 副 词 who what which whatever when where why how What he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟 我们说什么,还不清楚。 Who will win the match is still unknown. 谁 能赢得这场比赛还不得而知。 主语从句放在句首,句 子常显得笨重,因此一般

It is known to us how he became a writer. 把它移到句子后面,前面 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作家的。 用引导词“it”来作形式主

Where the English evening will be held has 语。 not yet been announced. 英语晚会将在哪里 举行,还没有宣布。

2、宾语从句: 种类 陈述 意义 that 关联词 例 句 说 明

I believe(that) he is honest. 我相信他 是忠诚的。

that 在句中不担任任何 成分,在口语或非正式的

We must never think(that) we are good in 文体中常被省去,但如从
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种类

关联词









everything while others are good in 句是并列句时,第二个分 nothing. 我们决不能认为自己什么 都 句前的 that 不可省。 好,别人什么都不好。 宾 疑问 意义 if whether I wonder whether he will come or not. 我想知道他来还是不来。 Everything depends on whether we whether 常与 or not 连 用,不能用 if 代替。 作 介 词 宾 语 要 用

have enough money. 一切要看我们是否 whether 不能用 if。 有足够的钱。 I don’t know if(whether) it is

interesting. 我不知道它是否有意思。 He doesn’t care if it isn’t a fine day. 他 从句是否定句时一般用 if 不在乎天气是否好。 语 特殊 who, whom, Please tell me what you want. 请告诉 引导。 宾 语 从句 作 及 物动 词 宾语也可做介词的宾语。 how she can

疑问 which,whose, 我你需要什么? 意义 what, when, where, why, She always thinks of

work well. 她总是在想怎样能把工作做

how,whoever, 好。 whatever, whichever She will give whoever needs help a warm support. 凡需要帮助的人, 她都会 给予热情的支持。 从 注1 We must make it clear that anyone who 如 果 宾语 从 句 后面 有

breaks the law will be punished. 我们必 宾语补足语, 则用 it 作形 须认清无论谁违反了法律都要受到惩 式宾语,将从句后置。 罚。 句 注2 We don’t think you are here. 我们认为 你不在这。 think, believe, imagine, suppose 等动词引出的宾

I don’t believe he will do so. 我相信他 语从句,要将从句中的否

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种类

关联词 不会这样做。









定形式,移动主句中。

3、表语从句: 种类 连 表 词 关联词 that 例 句 说 明

The problem is(that) they can’t get here early enough.

在非正式的文 体中 that 可以省 去。 表语从句位于

whether 问题是他们不能很早到达这里。 as if It looks as if it’s going to rain. 看起来天要下雨。 That’s just what I want. 这正是我想要的。



连 接

who what which

The question is who(which of you) will be the next 主句系动词之后 speaker. 问题是谁(你们哪一位)接着发言。



代 词



连 接 副 词

when where why how

This is where our problem lies. 这就是我们的问题 所在。 That is why he didn’t come to the meeting. 那就是 他为什么不到会的原因。

4、同位语从句: 种类 同 位 语 从 句 关联词 由 连 词 例 句 说 明

The news that he had landed on the moon spread

同位语从句 说明其

that 引导, all over the world. 他曾在月球上登陆这个消息传 前面的名词的具体内 不 担 任 成 遍世界。 分,也可有 容,常用的名词如:

I have no idea when he will come back home. 我 fact, news, idea, hope, thought,question, order, doubt, word,

when, how, 不知道他什么时候回来。 where 等引 导。

The thought came to him that Mary had probably fear, fallen ill. 他想到可能玛丽生病了。 He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not. 他必须回答他是否同意此事这样一个问 题。

proof,belief, story 等。

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名词性从句包括四种从句即主语从句、表词从句、宾语从句和同位词从句。名词性从句 的特点:that 、who、 whom、 what 、whether 及 when、 where 引导名词性从句时必须是 陈述句词序: 1、主词从句: That light travels in straight line is known to all . (That 引导主语从句不可省) When the plan is to take off hasn’t been announced . 主语从句通常以 it 做形主语出现 It was my fault that I had him play foatball all faternoon. It is important that we should go to the school to talk with the teacher. 2、表语从句,即名词性从句放在表语位置就是表语从句,需要注意的,主语 是 reason 时,表语要用 that 引导而不是 because. The reason why he was late was that he missed the train by one minute this morning . 3、宾语从句 that 常可以省略,并且注意时态呼应,当主句为过去时时,从句 时态一定往前推移,不可出现现在时或现在完成时。 The teacher told us that Tomo had left us for America. 4、同位语从句注意与定语从句区别,同位语从句对前一名词做补充说明,在 从句中无语法位置,而定语从句所修饰词在从句中占一语法位置如: The idea that one can do the work without thinking is wrong.( 同位 idea 在从句中 无位置,而从句只是具体说明 idea 的内容) 。 The idea that you put forward at the meeting is wrong .(定语从句,idea 做 put forward 的 宾语)。 【专项训练】 1.I wonder how much A.cost these shoes C.these shoes cost 2.Nobody knew A.where he comes . B.where he was from . B.do these shoes cost D.are these shoes cost

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C.where he is from

D.where does he come from .

3.Excuse me ,would you please tell me A.when the sports meet will be taken place . B.when was the sports meet going to be held. C.when is the sports meet to begin . D.when the sports meet is to take place . 4.Cornputers can only give cut A.that C.what 5.She wanted to know

has been stored in them . B.which D.anything .

A.whether I knew her and where did she work B.if I knew her and the factory she worked there C.wherther I knew her and the factory she worked D.if I knew her and the factory where she worked 6.My friend wouldn’t tell me A.how much he paid for C.he paid how much for 7.A simple experiment shows A.what C.which 8.He A.surprised that C.surprised at 9.Father asked A.what was wrong with me C.what wrong was with me 10.It doesn’t matter A.if . B.what’s wrong with me D.what wrong is with me I rest or not . B.whether his new car . B.how much did he pay D.did he pay how much air has some strength . B.that D.who you are not going abroad. B.is surprised that D.is surprised whether

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C.that 11.The trouble is A.what C.how 12.That is A.what C.why 13. A.That , that C.What , what 14.It is possible A.that ,that C.what , that 15.The thought A.which C.when 16.The fact A.what C.which 17. A.It happened to C.That happened 18. A.If C.What 19.

D.when we are short of tools . B.that D.why that there appears a rainbow in the sky . B.when D.however I can’t understand is he wants to change his mind. B.Which , what D.What, why he misunderstood B.what, what D.that , what he might fail in the exam worried him . B.that D./ he is an orphan is well known. B.that D./ I was free that evening B.It happened that D.It was happened that I said.

I will accept the gift is none of your business. B.Whether D.Which I have will be yours sooner or later . B.No matter whatever D.That

A.No matter what C.Whatever

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20.He always thinks A.of how C.of that 21. A.It says C.It has said 22.We think it important language . A.which C.what

he can do more for the people. B.how D.why

in the newspaper that the Japanese Minister will arrive next Monday . B.It is said D.He is said college students should master at least one foreign

B.that D.whether he saw and heard in Britain.

23.Comrade Wang is to give us a talk on A.what C.that 24.The town is no longer A.which C.what 25. A.who C.Anyone 26.Word came A.which C.that 27. B.all what D.which

it was ten years ago. B.that D.when

told yuou that was lying . B.whoever D.The person I was wanted at the office. B.why D.whether nothing to do with us . B.What he has done D.What he has done has will go . B.that who D.whoever

A.What he did is C.What did he do 28.The problem is A.that C.who

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29. A.How C.Why 30.

there is life on another planet is almost impossible. B.That D.Whether was a well -known fact. B.That their team being weak D.If their team was weak

A.That their team was weak C.Their team was weak 【答案】 : 1C 11 B 21 B 2B 12 C 22 B 3D 13 D 23 A 4C 14 D 24 C

5D 15 B 25 B

6A 16 B 26C

7B 17 B 27 D

8B 18 B 28 C

9A 19C 29 B

10 B 20 A 30 A

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