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2015年高考仿真模拟试卷(江苏卷二)英语


2015 年高考仿真模拟卷·江苏卷(二)

英语
第一部分:听力 略 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child A. however 答案是 B 。 21.(2015?江苏省泰州市高三第一次模拟)At the celebration gathering, President Xi expressed his belief that Macao will progress in ____ more steady manner on the right track, guided by _____ “one country, two systems” policy. A. a;a B. a; the C.the;the D.the; a B. whatever C. whichever he or she wants. D. whenever

22.(2015?湖北省武汉市高中毕业生二月调研测试)Small children reach for hot things and sharp objects because they don?t know the _ A. regulations B. consequences _of such actions. C. procedures D. instructions

23. (江苏省南通市 2015?高三第一次调研测试) Research on brain activity shows imagination is generated in the right side of the brain, _____, the left side of the brain is thought to be logical. A. in contrast B.in consequence C. in a word D. in other words

24.(2015?江苏省泰州市高三第一次模拟考试).Neither side seems to have a _____ solution, there are still many uncertainties on this issue. A. familiar B. theoretical C. definite D. confidential

25.(2015?陕西省五校高三第一次模拟联考)The government has taken measures to______the high prices of daily goods to keep the market stable. A.put down B.tear down C.hand down D.bring down

26.(2015?四川省德阳市高三第一次诊断考试) —Hi, Charlie, you look tired. —I am tired, I the fence all day.She decided to talk with me

A.painted

B.had painted

C.have been painting

D.have painted

27.(2015?四川省成都七中高三一诊模拟英语试题)Lessons, when _______ in fun ways, will certainly inspire the students? interest. A. organizing B. to be organized C. to organize D. organized

28.(2015?四川省德阳市高三第一次诊断) Travelers_______show their documents when they move in. A.would B. can C. must D. may

29.(2015?重庆一中高高三一诊模拟考试英语试题)Could it be in the restaurant________you had dinner with me yesterday________you lost your handbag? A.that; which B.where; when C.where; that D.that; when

30.(2015?重庆一中高高三一诊模拟考试英语试题) I?m glad to introduce Mr. Smith to you, without _____ consideration our project would have ended in failure. A. whom B. his C. whose D. who

31. (2015?重庆市巴蜀中学高三上学期第一次模拟考试) It really matters _______ he treated the latest failure, for the examination is around the corner. A. if B. that C. why D. how

32. ( 2015 ?四川省德阳市高三第一次诊断考试) I walked slowly to the teacher's office wondering______. A. which B. why C. where D. who

33.(2015?重庆市巴蜀中学高三上学期第一次模拟) — Can I lie about seeing a text because I was too busy or lazy to respond to it? — Receiving a text does not necessarily mean you have to respond. Why waste a perfectly good lie ________ the truth will serve? A. unless B. until C. when D. while caution is absent.

34.(2015?四川成都高三第一次考试试题)Typically, problems arise A. which B. what C. where D. that

35.(2015?江苏扬州中学高三上期二调)You must have read about Mark Twain long ago, ______? A. mustn?t you B. haven?t you C. didn?t you D. needn?t you

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 (2015?浙江省杭州市一模)Every Saturday and Sunday morning, my father would throw his bike in the trunk of his car and explore new areas to ride. I was always satisfaction did his bike provide him? It?s 37 a bike, right? 36 by this. What

That all 38 when I started riding my bike in our garage, which hadn?t been touched for nearly three years. I had been annoying my parents to help me Scared but 40 39 a bike for college. 41 ? Alas, it

, I decided to try riding it. I mean, wasn’t it supposed to be

was not. 42 , I spent five or ten minutes riding around, doing small turns or practicing shifting gears(换挡). Then I practised in the street. The greatest moment of it all is 43 my father was 44

there with me, every step of the way. He ran up and down the street making sure my wasn?t due to a negative result. I?ll never forget those moments. Who says parents end before college? Then, college came. The look on my father?s face was 45

with your

46 when he showed me how to lock

my bike. Over various methods of communication, my father 47 ask: ?Did you ride your bike today?? 48 , for almost two months, my answer was no. 49 was not on my schedule. But then, with a kick of

Why? I was hesitant (迟疑的). confidence, I would be 50

my bike in September. All I kept thinking was that my father and mother

51 of me! Even if it was doing something as small as riding my bike! 52 no words to describe the rush you get

Now, all I want to do is ride my bike! There are while riding your bike. To 53 your goals. The next time you are is that 55 36. A. inspired 37. A. merely 38. A. improved 39. A. equip 40. A. anxious

myself, I set goals. It feels unbelievable to know that you hit

54 with emotions, ride a bike. The best part of my cycling experience

you fall, you pick yourself back up. It?s as simple as that. B. confused B. actually B. arose B. repair B. curious C. embarrassed C. exactly C. worked C. purchase C. serious D. upset

D. probably D. changed D. ride D. cautious

41. A. easy 42. A. In fact 43. A. where 44. A. screaming 45. A. conflicts 46. A. annoyed 47. A. could

B. boring B. At last B. what B. laughing B. memories B. strange B. must

C. dangerous C. In all C. when C. talking C. talks C. priceless C. should

D. awkward D. At first D. whether D. whispering D. holidays D. determined D. would

48. A. Unfortunately 49. A. Traveling 50. A. put away 51. A. ashamed 52. A. absolutely 53. A. persuade 54. A. impressed 55. A. because

B. Occasionally B. Failing B. picked up B. tired

C. Generally Driving

D. Happily

C. Shopping C. searched for C. proud

D. got on

D. nervous D. eventually

B. occasionally B. enjoy B. choked B. though

C. frequently

C. protect C. bored C. once

D. challenge D. moved D. unless

第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A (2015?安徽省合肥市第一次教学质量检测) How to Fall in Love with Yourself? Here are a few ideas you can try to build yourself up and fall in love with yourself all over again. Focus on your strengths. We all have strengths and luckily they are not all the same. Do things you are naturally good at and enjoy and you will build self-confidence, efficiency(效率)and pride. Be proud of your accomplishments. No matter how big or seemingly small your accomplishments are, you should be very proud of each of them. Whether it?s completing high school or university, starting your own company, having kids or raising a family, be proud. Celebrate the small and large accomplishments and everything in between. Share your talent. If you've got a talent, share it with the world. If you can write —write, if you can dance —dance, if you can organize ??? well, you get the picture. Believe it or not, there are

people out there who could benefit greatly from you sharing your talents. Ever notice how giving to others makes you feel so incredible (难以置信的) about yourself? Forgive yourself. Guilt is a strange thing. All that guilt does is to keep us in the past reliving something we wish that we could change. But not going to happen, Pm afraid. Forgiveness is a choice. Forgive yourself, let bygones be bygones. Forgive yourself, apologize and move on. Do something just for you. Take time for yourself and just relax. Rest both your mind and your body. Refresh by sitting quietly, listening to soft gentle music or watching the wonders of nature from your own backyard or window. Whatever it is that could make you feel special and relaxed, just do it. Love yourself. Take pride in all your unique glory. 56. If you pay enough attention to your strengths, you will be . A. increasingly confident about yourself B. naturally fond of doing the same thing C. successful in your family and career D. good at doing everything that you like 57. If you have a special talent, you'd better A. take the advantage of it B. notice and improve it C. share it with people around D. show it off to your friends 58. The main purpose of the passage is A. to convince people to share B. to introduce different lifestyles C. to encourage people to be confident D. to guide people to love themselves . .

B (2015?重庆一中高三一诊模拟)The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem(生态系统). Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment. As a big plant-eater, it largely shapes

the forest-and-savanna(大草原)surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting the terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat(栖息地). It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat. In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees. This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas. In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant-eaters. Take the rain forests for example. In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor. By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor. In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant-eaters to move around and for small plant-eaters to get their food as well. What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species. If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem. 59. What is the passage mainly about? A. Disappearance of African elephants. B. Forests and savannas as habitats for African elephants. C. The effect of African elephants' search for food. D. The eating habit of African elephants. 60. What does the underlined phrase “setting the terms” most probably mean? A. Fixing the time. C. Improving the quality. B. Worsening the state. D. Deciding the conditions.

61. What do we know about the open spaces in the passage? A. They result from the destruction of rain forests. B. They provide food mainly for African elephants. C. They are home to many endangered animals. D. They are attractive to plant-eating animals of different kinds. 62. The passage is developed mainly by _____.

A. showing the effect and then explaining the causes B. pointing out similarities and differences C. describing the changes in space order D. giving examples

C (2015· 河南省商丘市高三第一次模拟)2014 saw that the Ebola virus reappeared in Guinea and soon spread into neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, killing over 7,800 people by the new year of 2015. It leads to viral hemorrhagic fever, which is characterized by high fever and internal bleeding etc. Ebola is named after the Ebola River, where it was first discovered in 1976. There are five different types of the Ebola virus, each named after where they first happened: Sudan, Ivory Coast, Reston, Bundibugyo, and Zaire. The deadliest of the five, Zaire, was responsible for the 2012 outbreak, and is believed to be attacking Guinea. Ebola is naturally found in fruit bats, which pass on the virus to other animals by biting or sucking on their blood. Humans who are suffering from the Ebola infection might have touched the bodily fluids of the infected animals. Once infected, a human becomes a carrier of the deadly virus. Unfortunately, there are no disease - specific treatments for Ebola. Health - care workers only supply the infected people with physiological saline(生理盐水)to keep them in good condition. Ebola can kill 90% of those infected, especially in underdeveloped societies like those in Africa. Since there have been many cases of nurses catching the disease from patients, they are forced to wear strict protective clothes, and in some cases, not even allowed to get close to the infected. The fact that there is no cure for the Ebola virus is what makes the outbreak a challenging one to control. What?s worse, since we live in an interconnected world, where the situation in one country can affect us all, the influences of Ebola are huge: damaging trade relations, affecting foreign visitors, and weakening entire countries. It is feared that the disease may spread throughout west African countries. For every country, a strong health system can decrease the risk of health attack and lessen the impact of Ebola.

63. What is the function of the first paragraph in the whole passage? A. To arouse the reader?s concern. B. To summarize the whole passage. C. To give a detailed description of Ebola. D. To introduce the theme of the whole passage. 64. What can we infer about the Ebola virus? A. It has caused a panic in many countries. B. It is the most dangerous virus in the world. C. A strong health system is important to fight against Ebola. D. Anyone who was infected Ebola will die. 65. Paragraph 3 mainly tells us _________. A. What the Ebola virus is C. How the Ebola virus is treated 66. Which of the following is true? A. There are no effective drugs to treat Ebola by far. B. Ebola is now very common in Guinea. C. Those with a fever must be infected by Ebola. D. Females are easier to be infected by Ebola. B. How the Ebola virus spreads D. How the Ebola virus affects the life

D (2015?江苏省南通市第一次调研测试)If I asked you to sit down and remember a list of phone numbers or a series of facts, how would you go about it? There?s a fair chance that you?d be doing it wrong. One of the interesting things about the mind is that even though we all have one, we all have one, we don’t have perfect insight(洞察力) into how to get the best from it. This is partly because of flaws(缺陷) in our ability to think about our own thinking. Studying this self-reflective thought process exposes human being? personal blind spots. One area there these blind spots are particularly large is learning. We?re actually surprisingly bad at having insight into how we learn best. Researchers Jeffrey Karpicke and Henry Roediger IIII made an experiment, where they asked

college students to learn pairs of Swahib and English words. So, for example, they had to learn that if they were given the Swahili word “mashua” the correct response was “boat”. They could have used the sort of facts you might get on a high-school quiz, but the use of Swahili meant that there was little chance their participants could use any background knowledge to help them learn. After the pairs had all been learnt, there would be a final test a week later. Now if many of us were revising this list we might study the list, test ourselves and then repeat this cycle, dropping items we got right. This makes studying and testing quicker and allows us to focus our effort on the things we haven?t yet learnt. It?s a plan that seems to make perfect sense, but that is disastrous if we really want to learn properly. Karpicke and Roediger asked students to prepare for a test in various ways, and compared their success ---for example, one group kept testing themselves on all items without dropping what they were getting right, while another group stopped testing themselves on their correct answers. On the final exam differences between the groups were dramatic. While dropping items from study didn?t have much of an effect, the people who dropped items from testing performed relatively poorly. It seems the effective way to learn is to practice getting items back from memory, not trying to consolidate(巩固) them in there by further study. Moreover, dropping items entirely from you revision, which is the advice given by many study guides, is wrong. You can stop studying them if you?ve learnt them, but you should keep testing what you?ve learnt if you want to remember them at the time of the final exam. So the evidence has a moral for teachers: there?s more to testing than finding out what students knows --tests can also help us remember. 67. According to the passage, we often fail to remember facts because_______. A. we ignore our weakness in memorizing things B. we don?t understand well what we are learning C. we don?t know where our metal blind spots are D. we take improper ways to memorize for good ones 68. The researchers? experiment was intended to _______. A. confirm we don?t know how to learn effectively B. find out how we can consolidate our knowledge better

C.distinguish effects of memory in learning different languages D. prove the importance of background knowledge in memorizing 69. What does the authour believe leads to a good memory? A. Constant measure of your knowledge. B. Frequent revision of what you learn. C. Firm abandonment of what you?re poor at. D. Strong desire fr grasping new knowledge. 70. The proper title for the passage is ________. A. An experiment on memory C. A way to improve your memory B. A concept of human memory D. A discovery of a mental blind spot

第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 (2015·江苏省南通市高三第一次调研测试)Attitude is a way that we think and feel about someone, or a way that we behave. We all have great potential and we all desire good results from our efforts. Each of us has the ability to put our unique human potential into action and to acquire a desired result. But the one thing that determines the level of our potential, and that predicts the quality of the result we receive is our attitude. With a positive attitude, we experience pleasant and happy feelings. This brings brightness to the eyes, more energy, and happiness. Our whole being broadcasts good will and happiness. We believe we will have a bright future. Even our health is affected in a beneficial way. A negative attitude creates unhappy feelings, moods and behavior. When the mind is negative, poisons are released into the blood, which cause more unhappiness and negativity. This is the way to failure, frustration and disappointment. People can affect our attitude by teaching us poor thinking habits or unintentionally misinforming us or providing us with negative sources of influence, but no one can control our attitude unless we voluntarily give in to that control. No one else “makes us angry.” We make ourselves angry when we give in to control of our attitude. What someone else may have done is irrelevant. We choose, not they. They merely put our attitude to a test. If we select a changeable

attitude by becoming unfriendly, angry, jealous or suspicious, then we have failed the test. If we condemn ourselves by believing that we are unworthy, then again, we have failed the test. If we care at all about ourselves, then we must accept full responsibility for our own feelings. We must learn to guard against those feelings that have the possibility to lead our attitude down the wrong path and to strengthen those feelings that can lead us confidently into a better future. If we want to receive the rewards, the future holds in trust for us, then we must exercise the most important choice given to us as members of the human race by maintain(维持) full control over our attitude. Having the right attitude is one of the basics that success requires. The combination of a sound personal philosophy and a positive attitude about ourselves and the world around us gives us an inner strength and firm motive(决心) that influences all the other areas of our existence. Attitude is everything Attitude is a feeling of opinion about someone, or our 71 towards others. Concept of attitude It decides how 72 our potential is. It indicates how 73 we complete our work. Positive attitude gives us good feelings or enables us to be 74 of different attitudes future. With negative attitude, we will feel unhappy, behave improperly or 76 to achieve the goal. Our attitude might be in charge. 77 of our attitude We should resist negative attitudes of others while ones. 80 masters of our own attitude will ensure our rewards in the future. 79 our positive 78 by others, but we ourselves are the persons 75 about

第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) (2015?江苏省南通市高三第一学期期末?81) 你的朋友 Linda 在美国攻读环保专业硕士, 在 最近给你的 e-mail 中,她对于明年毕业后是回家乡发展还是留在美国表示犹豫。 请你根据以 下信息给她回一封邮件,劝她回家乡,并给她提一些建议。 1.家乡需要(环境现状等) 理 由 2.政策优惠(贷款税收等) 3....... 1 多做积累(经验技术知识等) 建 议 2.…… 参考词汇:environmental protection 环保专业; preferential policy 优惠政策 注意: 1.对所有要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。 2 词数 150 左右,开头和结尾又记入总词数。 3 作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名人名等。 Dear Linda, In your e-mail you say you are not sure whether you return home or not after graduation.I think it is better for you to come back.

I hope what I have written here can be of some help to you .All the best! Yours Mary

2015 年高考仿真模拟卷·江苏卷(二)

英语参考答案与解析
第二部分:英语知识运用 第一节:单项填空 21.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查冠词的用法。 【解析】句意:在庆祝会上。习主席表述了他的信心,在“一国两制”的政策指导下,澳门 将在正确的道路上以更稳妥的方式发展。第一空是表示“一种??的方式” ,填不定冠词 a; 第二空是特指,填定冠词 the,修饰 policy。故判断选 B。 22.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查名词。 【解析】regulations 条规;consequences 后果;procedures 步骤; instructions 说明。根据句 意可知,小孩子会触摸较热或尖锐的东西是因为他们不知道这样做的后果。故选 B 项。 23.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查介词的用法。 【解析】句意:就大脑活动的研究表明想象力产生于右脑,与此相对照,左脑被认为是进行 逻辑思维的。in contrast 与相对照;in consequence 由于,作为的结果;in a word 简言之;in other words 换句话说。故判断选 A。 24.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查形容词的用法。 【解析】 句意: 双方都没有一个确定的解决办法, 在这个问题上还有许多的不确定性。 familiar 熟悉的;theoretical 理论上的;definite 确定的;confidential 秘密的。故判断选 C。 25.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查动词短语。 【解析】A.put down 放下,B.tear down 扯下,C.hand down 传递,D.bring down 降低。根 据语境,应该是降低日用品的价格,故选 D。

26.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查动词的时态与语态。 【解析】句意:—嘿,Charlie,你看起来很疲劳。—我累了。我一整天都在刷墙。表示到说 话时为止,一整天都在干的事用现在完成进行时态;时间状语 all+段时间,一般用完成进行 时态。故选 C。 27.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查非谓语动词的用法。 【解析】句意:课堂,被以有趣的方式组织好时,当然会激发学生的学习兴趣。此处是 when 与过去分词连用作状语,句子的主语 lessons 是 organize 的动作承受者,且动作已经发生应 用过去分词。故判断选 D。 28.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查情态动词的用法。 【解析】句意:当他们进入时候,旅行者必须出示证件。document,证件。would 总会,将 要;can 能;must 必须;may 可能。故选 C。 29.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查定语从句。 【解析】句意:你可能是在昨天和我一起进餐的餐馆丢失你的手提袋吗? where you had dinner with me yesterday 是 the restaurant 的定语从句,where 在从句中作地点状语 只能用关 系副词 where 或者 in + which 。 Could it be +被强调部分+that+不被强调部分?是强调句型的 一般疑问句, “可能是??吗?” 。题干中强调地点状语 in the restaurant,the restaurant 后跟 定语从句。第二空后是不被强调部分,用 that 引出。故选 C。 30.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查定语从句。 【解析】句意:我很高兴地将史密斯先生介绍给大家,没有他的周密思考,我们的计划将以 失败告终。固定词组 without one’s consideration 意思“没有某人的考虑” 。without 后市 Mr. Smith 的定语从句,定语从句中名词 consideration 前缺少定语,能够在定语从句中作定语的 只有 whose, 故选 C 项 31.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查主语从句。 【解析】句意: —由于考试临近了,他如何对待最近的失败关系很大。It 为形式主语,主

语从句中缺少方式状语,只能用 how 引导。故选 D。 32.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查名词性从句。 【解析】句意:我慢慢的走向老师的办公室,想知道老师叫我去的原因。为避免重复,why 引导的宾语从句的省略。故选 B。 33.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查状语从句。 【解析】句意:—我会因为我太忙或太懒而不回复它就说见到一个短信而撒谎吗。—收到信 息并不意味着你必须回复。真相起作用时,为什么浪费一个完美谎言? unless 除非;until 直到;when 当??时候;while 在??期间。故选 C。 34.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查地点状语从句。 【解析】句意:向来,问题出现在缺少谨慎的地方。 “arise”不及物动词, “出现,发生” ; “where”引导句子充当地点状语,意思为“??的地方” 。 35.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查反意疑问句的用法。 【解析】在 must/can/can?t/may/might/should?+have done 结构中,句子表达的意思都是过去 的事情,例如 must have done 表示过去一定??,这类句子变成反意疑问句是先把句子变成 不推测然后再变反意疑问句, 本句中由 long ago 可知是一般过去时, 故这个句子如不表推测, 应该表达为:You read about Mark Twain long ago, _____? 故答案应为 didn?t you,选 C 项。

第二节:完形填空 【文章综述】 作者讲述自己骑自行车的经历, 旨在告诉: 失败并不可怕, 只要自己鼓足勇气, 就会走向成功。 36.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查形容词。 【解析】A. inspired 鼓舞的,B. confused 困惑的,C. embarrassed 尴尬的,D. upset 不安的。 根据后文的 What satisfaction did his bike provide him?可知,所填的空是指作者对父亲的做法 感到疑惑不解。 37.【答案】B

【命题立意】考查副词。 【解析】A. merely 仅仅,B. actually 实际上,C. exactly 准确地,D. probably 可能。 它仅仅 是辆自行车。 38.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】A. improved 提高,B. arose 引起,C. worked 工作,D. changed 改变。当作者自己骑 上自行车时,那些对父亲骑自行车的看法完全改变了。 39.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】A. 装备,B. 修理,C. 购买,D. 骑。一直讨厌父母帮“我”买辆自行车,让自己 骑着去上大学。 40.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查形容词。 【解析】A. 焦急的,B. curious 好奇的,C. serious 认真的,D. cautious 谨慎的。根据后面的 作者尝试骑自行车,可见尽管作者害怕但还是充满好奇。 41.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查形容词。 【解析】A. easy 简单的,B. boring 无聊的,C. dangerous 危险的,D. awkward 笨拙的。作者 用反问句来表示骑自行车是一件很容易的事。 42.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查介词短语。 【解析】A. In fact 实际上,B. At last 最后,C. In all 总共,D. At first 首先。根据下文的 then 可知此处是指作者刚开始骑自行车的经历。 43.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查表语从句。 【解析】骑自行车最棒的时刻就是当父亲在那里陪着自己的时候。 44.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查名词。 【解析】A. screaming 尖叫,B. laughing 笑声,C. talking 谈话声,D. whispering 低语。作者 第一次骑车既害怕又好奇, 因此父亲确保自己孩子在没有危险的情况下骑车, 故作者发出尖

叫声。 45.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查名词。 【解析】 A. conflicts 冲突,B. memories 记忆,C. talks 谈话,D. holidays 假期。根据前文的 这是难忘的时刻,因此谁说跟父母共同的回忆在大学前就结束了? 46.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查介词短语。 【解析】 A. annoyed 生气的, B. strange 奇怪的, C. priceless 有趣的, D. determined 有决心的。 看见爸爸教“我”锁车的表情很有意思。 47.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查情态动词。 【解析】根据上文的 Over various methods of communication,可知,经过各种方式的交流,父 亲总是问“我” : “今天你骑自行车上学么?”would 表示“过去常常? ” ? 。 48.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查副词。 【解析】A. Unfortunately 不幸地,B. Occasionally 偶尔地,C. Generally 一般地,D. Happily 高兴地。因为作者回答是 no,因此该处是指“不幸地是” 。 49.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】A. Travelling 旅行,B. Failing 失败,C. Shopping 购物,D. Driving 开车。根据下文 中“我”鼓起勇气骑自行车上学可知,此处指失败不是“我”的性格。 50.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词词组。 【解析】A. put away 收好,B. picked up 拾起,C. searched for 寻找,D. got on 骑上。鼓起勇 气, “我”骑上自行车。 51.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查形容词。 【解析】即使像骑自行车这样的小事, “我”觉得父母也会以“我”而自豪。be proud of 意 为“以??而自豪” 。 52.【答案】B

【命题立意】考查副词。 【解析】A. absolutely 绝对地,B. occasionally 偶尔,C. frequently 经常,D. eventually 最终。 现在“我”想做的就是骑自行车,因此绝对没有任何词语来描述自己骑车时的感受。 53.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】根据 I set goals.可知,为了挑战自己, “我”制定目标。 54.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】A. impressed 使人印象深刻,B. choked 堵塞,窒息,C. bored 无聊,D. moved 移动。 下次,当情绪不好时,可以骑自行车。 55.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查状语从句。 【解析】从骑自行车的经历中“我”学会:一旦你跌倒,你可以自己站起来。很简单的一件 事。

第三部分:阅读理解 A 【文章解读】这篇文章是一个励志小短文,主要目的是教给大家如何去爱自己。列举了一些 要点来使自己爱上自己。 56. 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据文章第二段的 Do things you are naturally good at and enjoy and you will build self-confidence 可知关注你的长处会使你更加自信。故选 A。 57. 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据文章第四段的 If you've got a talent, share it with the world.可知如果你有特长, 就要和这个世界分享。故选 C。 58. 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查主旨大意题。 【解析】根据文章第一段 How to Fall in Love with Yourself? Here are a few ideas you can try to

build yourself up and fall in love with yourself all over again 可知本文主要是教给大家如何去爱 自己。故选 D。 B 【文章解读】 这是一篇说明文。 本文主要讲述的就是在非洲草原的生物链中大象的重要作用, 它不断的寻找食物, 从而拓宽了其它动植物的生存空间等。 但是作者也担忧大象现在是濒危 动物,如果大象消失将会毁坏整个生物链,保护大象就是保护非洲。 59. 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查主旨大意题。 【解析】 本文主要讲述的就是在非洲草原的生物链中大象的重要作用, 特别是它们寻找食物 对生物链的影响。故 C 正确。 60. 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查判断推理题。 【解析】 根据文章第 3、 4、 5 行 As a big plant? eater, it largely shapes the forest? and? savanna (稀 树草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting the terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat 可知非洲大象塑造了草原的环境,也决定了其它的动物的 生存的条件。故 D 项正确。 61. 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据文章第二段的 This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas. In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant? eaters 可知开放的空间对于 其它的食草动物也很重要。故 D 项正确。 62. 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查判断推理题。 【解析】 通读全文可知本文主要通过描述大象的行为带来的具体的影响以及对这些影响的原 因的解释。故 A 正确。 C 【文章解读】 本文是新闻报道类文章。 主要介绍了埃博拉病毒到目前为止已经造成的伤害以 及埃博拉病毒来源、传播的途径、目前的治疗状况等。 63. 【答案】A

【命题立意】考查判断推理题。 【解析】通读第一段,主要告诉我们埃博拉病毒传播之迅速、后果之严重,目的就是为了引 起读者的关注。故选 A。 64. 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查判断推理题。 【解析】根据文章最后一句话 For every country, a strong health system can decrease the risk of health attack and lessen the impact of Ebola 可知选 C。 65. 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查判断推理题。 【解析】通读第三段可知该段主要告诉我们埃博拉病毒是如何进行传播的。故选 B。 66. 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据文章的第四段 The fact that there is no cure for the Ebola virus is what makes the outbreak a challenging one to control 可知至今仍没有有效办法对付埃博拉病毒。故选 A。

D 【文章解读】这是一篇教育文章。作者通过实验证明一种提高记忆力的方法,就是不停地测 试。 67. 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查主旨大意题。 【解析】 通读全文, 并根据第五段的关键句 that is disastrous if we really want to learn properly 可知我们记忆力不好主要是因为我们使用方法不恰当。故选 D。 68. 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据文章第六段的实验结论 It seems the effective way to learn is to practice getting items back from memory, not trying to consolidate(巩固) them in there by further study 可知答案 选选 B。 69. 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查判断推理题。 【解析】根据文章第六段的 You can stop studying them if you’ve learnt them, but you should

keep testing what you’ve learnt if you want to remember them at the time of the final exam 可知 不断地测试你的知识有助于记忆。故选 A。 70. 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查主旨大意题。 【解析】通读全文,作者通过实验来证明提高记忆力的方法。故选 C。

第四部分:任务型阅读 【文章解读】这是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍态度的概念、不同态度的影响和我们应该具有 什么样的态度。 71.【答案】behavior 【命题立意】考查细节转换题。 【解析】 根据第一段第一句 Attitude is a way that we think and feel about someone, or a way that we behave 可知填 behavior。 72.【答案】great 【命题立意】考查信息提取题。 【解析】 根据第一段的第二句 We all have great potential and we all desire good results from our efforts 可知应填 great。 73.【答案】well/successfully/effectively 【命题立意】考查信息转换题。 【解析】根据文章第一段的 But the one thing that determines the level of our potential, and that predicts the quality of the result we receive is our attitude 可 知 此 处 应 填 well/successfully/effectively。 74.【答案】Results/Consequences/Effects 【命题立意】考查综合概括题。 【解析】文章的第二、三段和右边表格中的内容可知,此处应填 Results/Consequences /Effects 。 75.【答案】optimistic/sure/confident 【命题立意】考查信息转换题。 【解析】根据文章第二段 Our whole being broadcasts good will and happiness. We believe we will have a bright future 中的 bright 判断填 optimistic/sure/confident。

76.【答案】fail 【命题立意】考查信息转换题。 【解析】 根据文章第三段的 This is the way to failure, frustration and disappointment 中的 failure 判断填 fail。 77.【答案】Control 【命题立意】考查概括总结题。 【解析】根据文章的四、五、六段和对应的右边表格内容判断填 Control。 78.【答案】influenced/affected 【命题立意】考查信息转换题。 【解析】文章第四段的第一句话 People can affect our attitude by teaching us poor thinking habits or unintentionally misinforming us or providing us with negative sources of influence, but no one can control our attitude unless we voluntarily give in to that control 中的 affect, 由此可知, 此处应填 influenced/affected。 79.【答案】strengthening 【命题立意】考查信息提取题。 【解析】根据文章第五段 We must learn to guard against those feelings that have the possibility to lead our attitude down the wrong path and to strengthen those feelings that can lead us confidently into a better future 中的 strengthen 可知填 strengthening。 80. 【答案】Remaining 【命题立意】考查信息转换题。 【解析】根据文章的倒数第二段判断填 Remaining。

第五部分:书面表达 Dear Linda, In your e-mail you say you are not sure whether to return home or not after graduation .I think it is better for you to come back. To begin with,our hometown is badly need of talents specialized in environmental protection with the development of economy .Waste water here needs treating in a better way,as is the rubbish . So to attract talents like you many preferential policies are adopted here .

If you start a business ,it will be easier for you to get land and you don?t have to pay so much tax.In addition ,old people prefer living in an environment they are familiar with .When working back home ,you will be able to keep your parents company, helping them to enjoy their old age. Of course ,your have a lot to do now to begin well here. For example ,you have to master advanced technology.It is also necessary for you to gain enough working expense.What is more ,you will have to make an informed decision of what you will be devoted to. I hope what I have written here can be of some help to you.All the best! Yours Mary

【写作点评】 本文是应用文,要求就 Linda 是否应回乡创业提出自己建议,故应用一般现 在时和第二人称。 文章使用了一般现在时兼有灵活使用连词等,且使用得当,足见作者语言功底。文中使 用了两次 It is + 形容词 +for sb to do sth 结构,四次使用不定式短语做状语或定语,when 与 现在分词连用做状语, what 引导的宾语从句等等; 高级短语 in addition, badly need, make an informed decision 等;还使用了 to begin with,what’s more,for example 等插入语让文章增 色不少,堪称佳作。


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