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广东高考读写任务-摘要写作


He who seize the right moment, is the right man.
谁把握机遇,谁就心想事成。 ——歌德

If the dream is big enough, the facts don't count.
如果梦想远大,就一定可以克服艰 难险阻。

读写任务解题六大聚焦

高考英语读写任务是给出一段短文,让考 生阅读后在规定的时间内用2-3句话,不 超过30词概括文章大意,然后根据一个主 题,围绕几个要点发表自己的一些看法。 而要写好读写任务,就要注意这些方面: 关注关键词、中心词,掌握状语从句及一 些特殊句型,灵活使用衔接词,正确使用 标点符号,并熟悉夹叙夹议的写作方法。

抓实义词,选关键词
阅读概括短文

Exemplifying in Skills
关键词的分类
主语 短文中出现最多的主语名词, 通常就是大意句的主语。 阅读时划出每一句的主语
谓语 “干什么” “怎么样” 褒:赞成 or 肯定 贬:反对 or 否定



形容词 观点和态度

Exemplifying in Skills
针对不同文体写短文概要
说明文和新闻报道 中心句(通常在首段) 抓好关键词 现象分析型说明文: “现象” “现象形成原因” “解决问题的方法或建议” 记叙文 “五何”: 何时 (when), 何地 (where), 何人 (who), 何事 (what) ,结果如何 (how) 夹叙夹议型: 加上作者的看法或感想等 以第三人称或无人称来概括 议论文 找出中心论点以及最后的结论, 再补充论据

Exemplifying in Skills
概要句型模板
1. According to the passage, we know that... From the passage, we can know that... 2. In this passage, the writer / author states / thinks / argues that... 3. In this passage, the writer/author tells us about... 4. The story / passage is about... 5. The story / passage mainly tells us that... 6. It’s reported that... As is reported in the passage, ...

the points you should pay attention to 1.不需要把所有要点都涵盖。 2.在这些内容中比重最大的是what, 不要把what写得太详细,注意浓缩。 3.找出叙事中夹带的议论,挖掘出文章 的主题。 4.用自己的话把主题和主要情节组织成 摘要。

Passage 1
I took a trip to a big lake in Indonesia with my family two years ago. It was really a huge lake with beautiful scenery all around. People were amazed by the endless view in front of our eyes. Later on, unlike other girls, I volunteered to go water-skiing alone, I put on the life jacket, got on the motorboat immediately and started my engine as soon as possible. The lake seemed broad and endless, I was so thrilled to enjoy my trip among the mountains and waters that I sped my motorboat. Then, after some time, I found myself in the middle of the endless lake. A sudden fear came around me.

I didn’t know where I was or even how far I had gone from the shore. What was worse, it began to rain and it became very cold and foggy. I rode everywhere but find my way back. It was useless for me to cry or shout for help. I was so terrified that I began to think about all kinds of horrible things. After floating on the water helpless and hopelessly for a long time, suddenly I heard someone calling my name. Soon, a big steamboat sailed to me and they pulled me up to the deck and asked me if I was hurt, I couldn’t say a word but cried out in my father’s arms.

材料分析
“I” “writer” who two years ago when where a trip to a big lake in Indonesia got lost what why went to water-skiing alone,too thrilled how × result father came to her what to learn

×

my version for the summary
Once the writer was on a trip to a lake where she went to waterskiing alone. she was too excited and enjoyed herself that soon she got lost.Fortunately,her father came to rescue her.(35 words)

We may begin like these:
1.The passage is about the writer’s unforgettable experience to waterskiing.
2.The writer tells us about his unforgettable experience to water-skiing. 3.The story is about the writer who went to water- skiing .

4.The author tells us that the writer went to water-skiing.

passage 2
Everyone has an experience they would rather forget. Some are embarrassing, some are moving, and some teach us a lesson. Here is a story of mine. Last Sunday I went fishing. After setting up my fishing rod(钓鱼竿) with bait(鱼饵), I sat down on the bank of the lake. But two hours later, I didn’t catch any fish. I got very angry and began to pack up my stuff(收拾东西), preparing to go back home. Just then, I saw an old man sitting near me. To my surprise, his basket was full of fish, so I went over to him, wanting to know why. “Excuse me, but how long have you sat here?” I asked. “About four hours,” he answered.

“Four hours?” I couldn’t believe my ears. “Yes. It’s very important to be patient,” the old man said. “ Don’t consider fishing a tiring sport. Just enjoy it.” Suddenly, I understood what he said. I must learn to be patient. Then I sat there and waited for fish patiently. I felt a fish touch the bait, but I didn’t move and waited for the right moment to reel it in(卷收钓鱼线). At last, I caught it. This made me very happy. In the following six hours, I caught over 10 fish. On my way home, I thought what had happened on the bank. I gradually realized that the secret of success was patience.

材料分析
who when where what why × how × result what to learn the writer,an old man when going fishing last Sunday
on the bank of the lake was taught a lesson by an old man

caught 10 fish Patience is important. Patience is the secret of success.

my version for the summary
In this passage, the writer mainly tells us his experience of fishing and was taught an unforgettable lesson by an old man. He knew the importance of patience and finally got some fish.(33 words)


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