I 词语辨析 1、pretty / beautiful / charming / handsome：漂亮、美丽
pretty：adj. 只用于形容较小妩媚的青年女子和孩子，偶尔用于男子时，含有贬义，pretty 还可作 副词，解释为：相当、很、颇。
e.g. Though sh e is pretty, she fell from grace at last. She is a pretty lady in her twenties. It was a pretty serious accident.
beautiful：adj. 用来形容女性，也可用以修饰给人以愉快印象或美好感受的事物。 e.g. — Who is that beautiful young lady? — She is our new English teacher.
We were struck by the beautiful view of the mountain village. She has a beautiful voice and we all like listening to her songs. charming：指女子“有魅力、迷人的、可爱的”。 e.g. Don’t you think that young lady is pretty and charming? The boy’s smile is very charming. handsome：只用于修饰人，主要修饰男子，指“英俊的、仪表堂堂的”。修饰女子时，指“端庄
健美的”。 e.g. He was a tall, dark and handsome man.
She looks very handsome tonight, doesn’t she? 2、game / sport / match
game：n. 指有一定规则的，双方竞争的游戏或运动，既可以是体力运动(尤指球类活动)，也可 以是脑力劳动（游戏），以输赢为主要目的。
e.g. Before going to bed, they played a game of cards. / crossword puzzle. Badminton is a game for the old and young. My brother likes all kinds of ball games.
sport：指户外游戏或运动，仅限于体力锻炼，包括娱乐性的及竞赛性的；不以胜负为目的。 e.g. Swimming is his favorite sport.
Skating is one of the winter sports. We have sports every Friday afternoon. I like outdoor sports better than indoor sports.
sports 和 games 都表示“运动会”，但 sport 一般指小型的运动会，如 school sports（校运会），sports meet(ing)：运动会； 而 game 一般指大型的运动会，如：the Asian Games（亚运会），the Olympic Games（奥运会）
match：比赛、竞赛，一般指户外的。 e.g. a football match , a tennis match, win a match ,
II 重点词语和句型 1、 stretch：vt. / vi.：伸展、延伸、伸出（手、脚）
e.g. The boy stretched a rubber band to its full extent. The material stretches well. 这种材料伸缩性好。 The boy stretched out his hands for the magazine. The woods stretched for miles to the river.
stretch one’s legs：散步、走几步放松筋骨 e.g. I’d like to stretch my legs after a day’s work. 2、role：角色、职务 a leading role：主角； play / take an important role in …：在……里扮演重要角色 e.g. He will play the role of the doctor in the play.
China is playing a more and more important role in international affairs. What role will the actress play? 3、practise：vt. / vi. 练（习）、实习、行/做业务，用 “practise (doing) sth”.句式。 e.g. You have to practise the tune again and again. You must practise speaking English more. I can guess that you don’t practise enough. He has practised law for years. practice：n. 练习、习惯做法（不可数）， vt. / vi. = practise e.g. Practice makes perfect. With practice you will speak English fluently. It’s my practice to get up early in the morning. practical：实际的、实用的、老练的 practical knowledge：实用知识
for all practical purposes：实际上 a practical teacher：经验丰富的教师
be practiced in…：在某方面有经验、熟练
1) ensure sth.
e.g. Registration ensures delivery of mails.
Hard work usually ensures success.
2) ensure sb. sth.
e.g. Healthy diet and proper exercise will ensure you a good health.
This letter of recommendation will ensure you a job. 3) ensure that …：保证……一事
e.g. I can’t ensure that you’ll have the job for long.
Get on the bus and I ensure that you’ll have a seat. 4) ensure (sb./ oneself) against …：保护某人不受……
e.g. We should ensure ourselves against possible risks.
Proper exercise will ensure one against some diseases. 5、keep … under control：控制住、使……处于控制之中
e.g. Soon the pilot kept the plane under control.
A good teacher should keep his / her class under control. control：un. 支配、控制 have control of / over sth.：对……的控制
e.g. The teacher has no control of the class.
The captain has got control over the new football team.
beyond control：无法掌握、无法控制； in control of：管理、掌握
in the control of：被……控制、管理
lose control of：失去对……的控制
out of control：不受控制
take control of：控制、管理
e.g. A wise man will control himself.
It’s difficult to control the present situation.
6、make way for：给……让路 / 位
e.g. We made way for the line of children when they came. The car was out of control and every one on the road had to make way for it. It’s polite to make way for the disabled on the road.
way 的短语： by the way：顺便问一下 e.g. By the way, who will give us the talk? by way of：取道、途经 e.g. They flew to New York by way of Tokyo. in any way：不管怎样、好歹 e.g. In any way, this is a room and we can spend the night inside. in a way：在某种程度上 e.g. She, in a way, is a teacher of foreign language. in no way：绝不 In no way will I give in to him. in one’s own way：以自己的方式 He solved the problem in his own way. in the/one’s way：妨碍某人； e.g. Don’t stand in the / my way. lead the way：带路 e.g. With a boy leading the way, we had no difficulty in finding the village. lose one’s way：迷路 e.g. Once in a strange place, it’s easy to lose your way. make one’s way：前进、行走 e.g. They made their way through the crowd of people. No way：别想、没门 e.g. — Tom, you wash the clothes this time.
— No way, it’s Kate’s turn. on one’s way …：在途中 e.g. On his way to school, he found a wallet and turned it in. 7、previous：adj. (时间、顺序)前的、先的（作前置定语） on the previous day：前一天； on the previous page：在前一页
a previous appointment：前约 adj. 过早的、过激的
e.g. Your question is rather previous. I haven’t prepared for it. previous to：在……之前 e.g. You should test an article previous to buying it.
Previous to coming here, he worked in Shanghai. 8、maintain：vt. 维持、保持（= keep）
e.g. We will maintain our friendship for ever. It’s not easy to maintain life in such hard times. Xiao Wang maintains the lead in English study. Don’t maintain silent when asked. vt. 保养、维修、养活
e.g. The car is well maintained. The lady had to send money home to maintain three children. We still need a large amount of money to maintain the roads. He has worked hard to maintain his family.
9、distance n. 距离；间隔 e.g. What distance do you have to walk to school? 常用短语： in the distance 在远处； e.g. I could see the bus coming in the distance. at a distance 相距、相隔一段距离 e.g. Seen at a distance, the picture looks more beautiful. go the distance 赛到底； keep one's distance 保持一定距离 e.g. Americans like to keep a distance when speaking. from a distance：隔一段距离 e.g. The explosion could be heard from a distance (of 3 kilometers). distant：遥远的、远方的
10、limit:：n 限度、限制 e.g. There is a limit to the amount of money I can afford.
The spee d limit is the fastest speed you are allowed to drive a car at. My mother limits the amount of food th at I eat. set a limit to sb. / st h.：为……设限 e.g. We have set a limit to cars in our city. vt. 限制；限定，常用句型：limit sb. / sth. to … e.g. Please limit your speech to ten minutes. Your article is limited to no more than 120 words. 11、coach ：n. 四轮马车 、长途旅游汽车、火车车厢；教练、私人教师 e.g. The students went sightseeing in the Yellowstone Park on a coach. He traveled in the last coach of the train. Our football coach trains the team.
vt. 辅导（学习）、指导（活动） e.g. He coached students how to play football in a club.
She is now being coached by a famous violinist. 12 、bid n. 出价, 投标；招标
e.g. Park wants to sell his farm, and he has already had two large bids for it. Bids for building the bridge were invited. vt. 出价、投标；（打牌时）叫牌
e.g. He bid $5 for an old book. I bid 2 spades. （我叫两个黑桃。） vt. 致意（问候或道别）; 吩咐（某人做某事）
e.g. The little girl bid her granny good morning as she gets up in the morning. Do as you are bidden.
13、balance n. 平衡、天平；秤 e.g. The child couldn't keep his balance on his new bicycle. The chemical must be weighted on the balance before the experiment. vt. ：权衡 e.g. You have to balance the advantages of living downtown against the disadvantages.
14、state：n. 状况、情形、状态；政府；盛礼、隆重的礼仪；州、邦 in a …. state / in a state of….：处于……状态 e.g. Everything was in a state of disorder.
She is in a worried state of mind. The house was in a dirty state. In China, the railways are owned by the state. The President was received in state. The United States of America is made up of 50 states.
vt. state 陈述，叙述 e.g. Please state your name, age and occupation on the form.
The busmen have stated that the strike will continue until general agreement is reached about pay and working conditions. 15、find / think / consider / feel …. it + adj./ n. + (for sb.) to do sth. e.g. We find it important for us to help each other.
I think it necessary for you to go right away. She felt it her duty to repair the broken window. c.f. make it + adj. / n. + to do sth. e.g. We make it a rule to read English aloud in the morning. The heavy rain made it impossible for them to go camping. c.f. find / think / consider / feel …. it + no good / no use / useless + doing sth. e.g. We all think it no good reading such books. 16、come up with：想出、提出（无被动式） e.g. Who came up with such a good idea? The company came up with a solution to the problem of pollution. c.f. come up：被提出、出现 e.g. Questions on pollution came up at the meeting. c.f. come up to：升到某个位置 e.g. Soon water came up to our neck. 17、apply …to…：使用、运用……于……，敷、贴 e.g. This word can be applied to many similar cases. We’d better apply the new technology to our production. This rule can’t be applied to that event. I’ll apply this Chinese medicine to your wound. apply oneself to：专心于、致力于
e.g. You’d better apply yourself to your study. 18、Will Thursday morning do?
do：在本处解释为：足够、适合、行，用于：sth. will do e.g. If you have no pen to write with, a pencil will also do.
Will water do if there is no milk? Next week will also do if you are busy this week. 19、enter sth into …：把……纳入、编入、收入…… e.g. I want to enter the new comer into Class 4. Maybe we will enter Taijiquan into the Olympic Games. c.f. enter for：报名参加 e.g. Will you enter for the English Speaking Contest? 20、as 的用法小结： a. 用于一些固定结构：the same … as…, such / so … as …，as … as … / no so … as … e.g. I have the same idea as yours .
Don’t read such books as you don’t understand. He is not so busy as he was three days ago. You must speak English as often as possible . b. 用于引导非限制性定语从句，可置于句首或句末 e.g. As had been expected, she was late that morning. He made the same mistake again, as is often the case. c. 引导方式状语从句 e.g. Do you have to feed the plants as we feed chickens ? You should do everything as your teacher tells you to . d. 引导时间状语从句，解释为：当……；一边……，一边…… e.g. As she sang , tears ran down her cheeks . As he was reading alone in the room, he heard sth. strange. e. 引导原因状语从句 e.g. As he was blind, he had much difficulty in finding the door. As the teacher is busy, we’d better go to her help. f. 解释“随着”，引导状语从句。 e.g. As time went on, the old man became weaker and weaker.
As the days went on, the weather got colder and colder. g. 解释“虽然”，引导让步状语从句。 e.g. Young as she is, she knows a lot.
Hard as he works , still he can’t work it out. h. 作介词，解释“作为” e.g. As a student, you should learn every subject well.
1、I lived with my sister this summer and didn’t have to pay rent. So I ____ save most of my salary.
C. was able to D. should
2、— Look , John’s fallen asleep.
— Oh, he ______ too late last night.
A. might sit up B. should have sat up C. could sit up D. must have sat up
3、On Sundays when I was a child , Father and I ____ get up early and go fishi ng.
4、— Ma ny people in England love to give advice on weather reporting.
— Yes, but I think the weather office’s computers ___ be more accurate.
C. ought to
5、— Are you still going to Shanghai for the Spring Festival?
— Yes, but I really ____ because I have a lot of things to deal with.
6、— Well, I forgot to bring my dictionary here yesterday.
— Actually you ____ it here. You were not allowed to use it.
A. needn’t bring
B. needn’t have brought
C. didn’t need to bring
D. don’t have to bring
7、— Shall I book the table for the dinner?
— Yes, you____. The restaurant is always full of people.
8、The poor boy ____ the test again; in that case, his mother will be very disappointed.
A. must have failed B. might fail
C. could have failed D. should fail
9、— Why ____ it rain now? I ___ go to the concert at 7. — What a pity!
A. can; might not B. should; needn’t C. must; can’t D. need; mustn’t
10、— We need some fresh air, but the window
— _____I help you ?
A. didn't; Will B. shan't; Need C. mustn't ; May D. won't; Shall
11、— What do you think of your nephew?
be very naughty but at the same time you __ help liking him.
A. will; will
B. won’t ; can’t C. may; may
D. can; can’t
12、It was not possible that she____ go down, step by step down the unexpected stairs into the dark below.
A. should dare B. should dare to C. must dare
D. must dare to
13、— I am told that John had another car accident this morning.
— I believe not. He ____ so careless.
A. shouldn’t have been
B. wouldn’t have been
C. couldn’t have been
D. mustn’t have been
14、— You ought to have given them some advice.
— _______, but who cared what I said?
A. So I ought
B. So ought I
15、— Write to me when you get home.
C. So I di d
D. So did I
B. I should
C. I will
D. I can
16、Shut your mouth. Nothing ___ stop me once I have made up my mind.
B. ought to
17、Keep up a good state of mind even if you _____fail plenty of times.
18、The policeman told the pupils. “You ____ play football in the street.”
19、If you ______ wait a moment, I will go and find our manager.
20、Don’t believe him. His story ___ be true.
C. shouldn’t D. may not
B. 要点专练 21 、Have a good rest, you need to _______ your energy for the tennis match this afternoon.
22、Her son, to whom she was __________, went abroad ten years ago.
23、Mary finally ________ Bruce as her life-long companion.
24、— When shall we start?
— Let’s ____ it 8:30. Is that all right?
25、Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If not, you may ____ run over by a car.
26、Hospital staff burst into cheers after doctors completed a 20-hour operation to have ____ one-year-old
twins at the head.
27、After trainer was sure that the whale could look after itself, he ____ it into the sea.
A. transported B. unloaded
28、The teacher wrote an example on the blackboard to _____ the point.
A. took up
B. caught on
C. carried out D. made for
29、A man is being questioned in relation to the _____ murder last night.
30、In our childhood, we were o ften ____ by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners.
31、Modern plastics can _____ very high and very low temperatures.
32、It’s quite _________ lying on the beach, and after a while you will feel _________ .
A. relaxing ; relaxed
B. relaxing ; relaxing;
C. relaxed ; relaxed
D. relaxed ; relaxing
33、If a student is indeed wise, he or she should not enter the house of the teacher’s wisdom, but ____ go to
the world of his or her own mind.
34、The environmentalists said wild goats’ ____ on the vast grasslands was a good indication of the better
C. attendance D. appearance
35、Don’t leave matches or cigarettes on the table within ____ of little children.
36、As a result of the big fire, a large ______ of the books in the library _____ been burnt.
A. number, has B. quantity, has C. number, have D. amount, have
37、— How is your brother getting on with his new job?
— Well, he is always ______ new ideas to get on well with his workmates.
A. coming up with B. coming about C. getting away with D. getting up
38、I suggest the meeting _______ till next week, when John _______ .
A. put off, will come
B. be put off, would come
C. be put off, will come
D. be put away, would come
39、He just listened to our talk, ______ no comments to our discussion.
C. contributing D. making
40、We all think highly of the role she _______ in the film.
Keys: 01-10: CDBCD, CCBCD 11-20: DBCCC, CDCCD 21-30: BCBCB, BCACB 3 1-40: AADDB, CA CCB
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