The First Period Vocabulary Building
Teaching goals 1. Target language accent, linguist, have ... in common, make a difference 2. Ability goals Enable students to memorize some common words which are different in American and British English so that they can tell British English from American English. 3. Learning ability goals By comparing two emails, students will learn some differences between British English and American English. Teaching important points Some common words which are different in American and British English. Teaching difficult points How to memorize the common words which are different in British English and American English. Teaching methods Explaining and practising. Teaching aids A projector and a computer. Teaching procedures & ways Step I Lead-in T Good morning / afternoon, class! Ss Good morning / afternoon, Mr / Ms... T What is the most widely spoken language in the world? Ss English. T Quite right. Now look at the map of the world, you will find how widely English is being used as an official language. Show the following map on the PowerPoint.
Step II General knowledge on Englishes In order to stimulate students' interest, give them a quiz. T From the map, we know that many people are speaking English all over the world. Do you think they are speaking the same English? Ss Of course not. T How much do you know about different Englishes, boys and girls? Now let's do a quiz on varieties of English. It doesn't matter if you don't know the correct answer. You may work in groups and a few minutes later we will check the answers together. Show the following on the PowerPoint. Do you know Englishes? A quiz on varieties of English Multiple-choice exercise 1. American English and British English spell some words differently. All these words are spelt the British way except one. Which one is spelt the American way? a. colour b. mustache c. traveller d. tyre e. organisation 2. Bob Marley is from Jamaica, an English speaking country in the Caribbean. One of his songs is called No Woman, No Cry. This is Caribbean English. What would the translation be in Standard English? a. If you don't have a woman, you don't cry. b. I don't have a woman and I am crying. c. Don't cry, woman. d. Women don't cry. e. The woman is crying.
3. Which country does NOT have English as an official language? note there are three correct answers here a. Pakistan b. Bangladesh c. India d. Japan e. Sri Lanka 4. There is a type of accent called RP. RP means Received Pronunciation. Which of the following English people speak with an RP accent? a. Prince Charles b. Robbie Williams c. Paul McCartney d. Tony Blair e. David Beckham 5. In what country might you hear the following expression "Goodday!"? a. The United States b. Australia c. Canada d. England e. South Africa 6. Which of the following signs would you see in San Francisco, USA? (Note there are two correct answers here) a. Subway tickets available here. b. Ask your waiter for the check. c. Nappies and baby clothes on sale! d. Telephone box. e. Elevator is out of service. 7. Kofi Annan, the UN General Secretary, is from an English speaking country in Africa. Which country is he from? a. South Africa b. Nigeria c. Zambia d. Ghana e. Zimbabwe Sample answers 1. b For a, c, d and e, Americans spell them color, traveler, tire and organization. 2. c 3. b, d and e 4. a RP is considered by many to be the accent of the elite. But actually very few English people speak with an RP accent now.
5. b It is an informal way of saying Hello in Australia. 6. a and e Subway is an American word. In Britain people say tube. In America, people ask the waiter for the bill. Nappies are diapers in American English. In American people call it a telephone booth. In Britain, an elevator is called a lift. 7. d Step III Introduction T After learning some information about Englishes, let's hear recordings of accents from around the English speaking world. Click on any of the flags below to hear recordings of accents from around the English speaking world.
T After hearing the recordings, what would you like to say? S Different people speak English with a different accent. S I think American English sounds more beautiful. S ... T So we can get the conclusion that since English is spoken all over the world, there are lots of varieties. But what are the two main varieties? Ss British English and American English. Show the symbols of the two countries on the PowerPoint.
Step IV Vocabulary T In this class we are going to learn some common words which are different in American English and British English. Here is the list. I hope the vocabulary list will help you know some of the differences between American English and British English. Show the following on the PowerPoint or print it out as handouts for the students.
loo or WC
cookie corn diaper
biscuit maize nappy
flashlight fries gas guy
highway license plate
line mail motor home movie theater pants parking lot period pharmacist potato chips rent sausage sidewalk soccer sweater
torch chips petrol bloke, chap motorway number plate queue post caravan cinema trousers car park full stop chemist crisps hire banger pavement football jumper
truck trunk (car)
lorry boot holiday
T Open your books at page 4. Let's do the vocabulary exercises. You may work in pairs. Three minutes later exchange your answers with your neighbour pair. After that we will check the answers with the whole class. After checking the answers, go on with the vocabulary exercises in the WORKBOOK. Step V Vocabulary (WORKBOOK) T OK, let's come to the vocabulary exercises in the WORKBOOK. Work in groups to do Exercise 5. First match the British English words with the American English words. Then each member makes a sentence using any of the given words, the other members are required to judge which English he or she is speaking. After dealing with Exercise 5 in this way, ask 5 pairs of students to speak out the sentences in Exercise 6, one in British English and the other in American English. Suppose 5 students are from the US, while the other 5 from the UK. The rest of the class will guess which country he or she comes from after hearing his or her sentence. As for Exercises 7 & 8, students will be asked to do the exercises individually. Five minutes later check the answers with the whole class. Show the answers on the PowerPoint. Make sure every student knows the correct answers so that they can use these words correctly. Step VI Practice Ask the students to read the two emails on page 1 and decide which writer is American. T Ok, let's come to the emails on page 1. Read the emails and say what the writers
have in common.
S They are both exchange students. They both write to their mothers and ask their
mothers to write back.
T Good. Then what do they think of the local accent? Do they have the same feeling?
S Callum says that the accent isn't going to be a problem while Samantha thinks
that the local accent is very different from hers.
T What have you found about their using of words and expressions?
S They use words with same meanings but different spellings.
T Can you come to the Bb and list them out?
A sample list
programme, theatre, realise program, theater, realize
T Any other difference?
S They use different vocabulary to express the same meaning. For example, "hi
there" and "hi"; "write to me" and "write me"; "use email address" and
T Now decide which writer is American?
S I think Samantha is American.
Sum up the differences.
T OK, everyone! So far in this class we've done some vocabulary exercises and checked
two emails. From these we have learned some differences between British English and
American English.Let's sum up what the differences are.
Ss They are different in vocabulary and spelling.
T Quite good! Americans sometimes omit prepositions (Write me when you have a moment).
Though they have some differences, they are still a common language. Some people focus
on the differences, while some on the common things. Now let's come to Exercise1,
some quotations on English.
After doing Exercise 2 on page 1, continue with Exercise 1. Let students work in groups
and discuss the questions together. They are encouraged to think actively and speak
out their own opinions. Sample answers 1. The topic of the quotations is British English and American English. 2. a is the most optimistic. 3. b is the most pessimistic. 4. b is funny. It is a little bit exaggerated. 5. d is a good news for students of English. 6. I guess quotations a and c are from British people. Step VII Homework 1. Go over the vocabulary in Module 1. 2. Try to memorize the given words which are different in American English and British English.
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