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2018-2019学年英语新导学北师大版必修三课件:Unit+9+Period+Three_图文

Unit 9

Wheels

内容索引

Period Three

Lesson 3
基础自测

Clean Machines

课文预读
要点探究 达标检测

基础自测

Ⅰ.重点单词

1. petrol/gas n.汽油
2. solar adj.太阳的,太阳光的

3. sunlight n.阳光,日光
4. chapter n.章节

5. impression n.印象,感觉
impress v.使印象深刻

6. reliable adj.可靠的 rely v.依赖,依靠

7. operator n.操作人员,接线员 8. appreciate vt.感谢;欣赏 9. essay n.散文 10. shopping n.购物

Ⅱ.重点短语 1.so far 迄今为止

2.take part in 参加,参与
3.take place 举行;发生

4.have a good impression of对……有个好印象

Ⅲ.重点句式
1.定语从句 Solar cars are cars that use the sun’s energy for power. 太阳能汽车就是用太阳能作为动力的汽车。 2.过去分词短语作后置定语 People have been worried about pollution caused (cause) by fuels like petrol and gas for a long time now. 人们一直为像汽油、煤气等燃料造成的污染而担忧。

课文预读

Ⅰ.根据课文内容判断正(T)、误(F) 1.Marie Logan began designing cars after she graduated.( F ) 2.Marie has designed seven different cars so far.( F ) 3.The team has nearly finished building a new car.( F ) 4.Marie has written a book about solar energy.( F ) 5.Solar cars can work even in cloudy weather.( T )

答案

Ⅱ.课文阅读理解 1.Which of the following is TRUE about Marie Logan? A.She is an Australian. √ B.She got interested in solar cars when in kindergarten. C.She began taking part in car races when she was at university. D.She was always the winner in the car races she took part in.

1

2

3

4

5

答案

2.The race crossing the whole of Australia A.can be done within a week √ B.is longer than the Changjiang River

.

C.is Marie Logan’s favourite because she was once the winner in it D.travels around the country

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2

3

4

5

答案

3.Marie Logan writes the book about solar cars A.to make a living B.to tell people how to design a car C.to get people to know more about solar cars √ D.to persuade people to buy solar cars

.

1

2

3

4

5

答案

4.From the conversation,we can infer that
A.Marie Logan’s book will be popular

.

B.solar cars will be popular
C.solar cars can run faster than usual cars

D.weather can influence a solar car’s speed √

1

2

3

4

5

答案

5.All the facts are mentioned EXCEPT that
A.solar cars will not pollute the environment

.

B.a lot of people haven’t realized the potential of solar cars
C.solar cars’ speed is becoming faster

D.solar cars’ shapes are special √

1

2

3

4

5

答案

Ⅲ.课文难句分析
Well,the one I like best crosses the whole of Australia from northwest to

southeast.
[句式分析] I like best为 定语 从句,修饰the one,此处省略了关系代词 that 。 one 用来代替前面出现的可数名词单数,以避免重复。 (的赛事)。 [自主翻译] 我最喜欢的是那次从西北向东南穿过整个澳大利亚 ____________________________________________________

核心素养提升

Look at the following solar cars designed by Tsinghua University and
Shanghai Transport University,then describe a solar car designed by

yourself.

Search for information about green cars and describe your solar car.

When you describe your solar car,you can use the following information
to help you:

1.Question support:
(1)What does your solar car look like?

(2)What’s the speed?
(3)What materials will be used?

(4)What do you want to express through its name?

2.Language support: This is our solar car.It is in color of...Its weight is...Its shape is like...It can reach a speed of...It has a beautiful name...,because...

要点探究

重点词汇
I’ve designed five or six different cars so far. 到目前为止,我已经设计了五、六款不同的汽车。

so far到目前为止,迄今为止
so/as far as与……距离相同;远至

so/as far as I know据我所知
by far大大地;……得多(与形容词、副词的比较级或最高级连用

(1)What do you think of the show so far? 到目前为止你觉得这场演出怎么样? (2)Garden cities should be built as far as possible from existing cities. 花园城市应被建得离现存的城市尽可能的远。 (3) So/As far as I know ,she will be away from Macao for two months. 据我所知,她将要离开澳门两个月。 (4)The last of these reasons is by far the most important. 这些理由中最后一条比其他的重要得多。

[单句改错] (5)She finished her task successfully so far. ∧ has

Where do these races take place? 这些赛事在哪儿举行? take place发生;举行;产生;进行

take the place of sb. /sth. (=take sb. ’s/sth. ’s place)取代,代
替……

take sb. ’s place坐某人的座位;代替某人的位置;就位,入座
in place of sb. /sth. (=in sb. ’s/sth. ’s place)代替……,顶替……

注意 take place为不及物动词短语,既不可接宾语,也不能用于被
动语态。

(1)It was a change that took place without being noticed.

这是一个不知不觉间就发生的变化。
(2)Nothing can take the place of/be in place of Mother’s love.

什么也取代不了母亲的爱。
(3) Take your places for the next dance.

各就各位,准备跳下一支舞。

[易混辨析] take place,break out,happen

※take place侧重于指事件是经过事先安排而发生的。
※break out爆发,强调突然性或规模大。

※happen多偶然发生或指发生意外事故、不幸的事。

[选词填空] take place,break out,happen (4)A fire broke out in the hotel last night. (5)It happened to rain that morning. (6)The meeting took place at 8:00 am as planned. [单句改错] (7)Great changes have been taken place in our hometown during the past ten years.

I want people to have a good impression of solar cars. 我想让人们对太阳能汽车有个好印象。 (1)impression n.印象,感觉 have/get a good impression of...对……有一个好的印象

make/leave an impression on sb. 给某人留下印象
(2)impress vt.给……留下印象;使铭记

impress sb. with sth. 某事物给予某人深刻印象
impress sth. on/upon sb. 使某人铭记某事物

be impressed with/by对……印象深刻;令人敬佩的
(3)impressive adj.给人印象深刻的

(1)What I saw and heard on the trip gave me a very deep impression.
旅途中的所见所闻给了我很深的印象。

(2)He was impressed with Benjamin’s drawings.
本杰明的画令他印象深刻。(2017· 浙江)

(3)What impressed him most was their speed.
令他印象最深刻的是他们的速度。

(4)The general is an impressive (impress) man.
这位将军是个令人肃然起敬的人物。

[句型转换]
(5)Their kindness made a good impression on us.

→We got/had
[单句改错]

a

good impression of their kindness.

(6)I am sure the film left an impression for everybody who saw it. on

She’ll appreciate it. 她会感激的。 (1)appreciate vt.感激,感谢;欣赏,鉴赏 appreciate (one’s) doing sth. 感激(某人)做某事

I would appreciate it if...如果……我将不胜感激。
(2)appreciation n.欣赏;感激,感谢

注意

(1)appreciate后不直接跟宾语从句,需要先用it作形式宾语,

再接从句。

(2)可用deeply,highly,(very) much等表示程度的副词(短语)修饰
appreciate。

(1)She learned to appreciate some parts of the difficult books.
她学会了欣赏难理解的书中的某些部分。(2015· 浙江) (2)I really appreciate your listening to all my troubles. 我真的很感激你能够倾听我所有的烦恼。

(3)I don’t appreciate being treated (treat) like a second-class citizen.
我不愿被人当作二等公民。

[单句改错]
(4)I would appreciate if you would open the window for me. ∧ it

经典句式
People have been worried about pollution caused by fuels like petrol and gas for a long time now. 人们一直为像汽油、煤气等燃料造成的污染而担忧。

caused by fuels like petrol and gas 是过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰 pollution,可改为定语从句:which is caused by fuels like petrol and gas。 (1)过去分词作定语,如果是单个分词,常置于其所修饰的名词之前;如果 是过去分词短语作定语,一般置于其所修饰的名词之后。 (2)现在分词的被动式(being done)作定语时,表示一个正在被进行的动作; 过去分词(done)作定语时表示的是一个被动或完成的动作;不定式的被动 式(to be done)作定语时往往表示一个将要被进行的动作。

(1)Ordinary soap,used correctly,can deal with bacteria effectively. 普通的肥皂,如果使用得当,可以有效地清除细菌。(2018· 北京) (2)The meeting being held (held) now is very important. 现在正举行的会议是非常重要的。 (3)The bridge villagers. 下个月将要建设的那座桥对村民很重要。 to be built (build) next month is very important to the

[句型转换] (4)Do you know the man who is sitting there? →Do you know the man sitting [单句改错] (5)The speaker answered all the questions raising by the audience. raised there?

达标检测

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.She shows little appreciation (appreciate) of good music. 2.Do you know the telegraph operator (operate) living over the way? 3.Jane is reliable (rely),but I’m not so sure about Jim. 4.We would appreciate it if you could cooperate with us. 5.You made a favourable impression on the examiners. 6.All the things that we can do is to give you some advice.

7.The power station being built (build) now will be one of the largest in

Egypt.
8.—Isn’t it hard to drive downtown to work?

—Yes,that’s why I have been going (go) to work by train.
9.If I refused to go,they would send someone else in my place.

10.The first time I saw him, what

impressed me most was his big smile.

Ⅱ.完成句子 11.昨晚被邀请参加你的晚会的那些所谓的客人是谁呀? Who were the so-called guests invited to your party 12.这件外套比我们昨天看见的那件要贵得多。 The coat is much more expensive than the one we saw yesterday. 13.他保持的记录至今还没有人打破。 The record he holds has not been broken so far. last night?

14.如果您能为我们提供帮助我们将不胜感激。 We would appreciate it You have been sitting if you could offer us any help. 15.你一直坐在我的帽子上,它现在严重变形了。 on my hat.It’s now badly out of shape.

Ⅲ.课文短文改错
Solar cars are car that use the sun’s energy—the sunlight power.People ∧ cars for have been worried about pollution causing by fuels.Solar cars are clean or and caused safe,so they like them.I designed five or six different cars so far and I’ve ∧ have been take part in races for about four years. taking

The one I like best cross the whole of Australia,that is about 4,500 km crosses which

long.The fastest cars can do them in six days.Solar cars are getting the it better all the time and I’ll persuade people of their advantages.

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