Corner & Bulletin Board
1. damage vt.& n.损害，损失
2. nowhere adv.无处，任何地方都不 somewhere adv.在某处，到某处 3. crossing n.交叉路口，人行横道
4. plus prep.加上，加
5. frequent adj.时常发生的；频繁的
frequently adv.频繁地，经常地 frequency n.频率 6. fare n.票价，车费
Ⅱ.重点短语 1.close down (工厂等)倒闭；停业 2. make a suggestion提建议 3. in conclusion最后；总之 4.pass through 经过；通过 5.more than 不仅仅；多于 6.look forward to 盼望，期望
Ⅲ.重点句式 1.强调句型 Before 1908，when Ford’s cars became available to the public，it was only the very rich who/that could afford to own a car. 在1908年之前，当福特汽车问世时，只有非常有钱的人才能买得起汽车。 2.现在分词短语作结果状语 Ford found a way to mass-produce the motor car cheaply，making (make) it possible for many more people to own one. 福特找到了一种廉价批量生产汽车的方法，这使得更多的人拥有汽车成 为可能。
...the old buildings in the town are getting dirty and damaged. ……镇上的古建筑正在变脏并且正遭到破坏。
(1)damage vt.&n.损害，损失 do/cause damage to对……造成破坏/损失 (2)damages n.损害赔偿金 注意 damage既可作动词又可作名词。作名词时，其常用结构为： do damage to。类似的结构还有： (1)do harm to对……造成危害 (2)do good to对……有好处 (3)do wrong to sb. 冤枉某人
(1)Without oxygen，the brain is damaged quickly.
(2)He was ordered to pay damages (damage) of 30,000.
※ruin 表示破坏严重，以致不能修复，但这种破坏不像destroy 那样毁灭
[选词填空] damage, destroy, ruin (3)The floods ruined many precious paintings. (4)The building was completely destroyed by fire. (5)This could cause serious damage to the country’s economy. [句型转换] (6)Smoking can damage your health. →Smoking can cause/do damage to your health.
...there’s nowhere to park in the centre.
nowhere adv.无处，任何地方都不 nowhere else没有别的地方 nowhere near远远没有，远不，远不及 get (sb. ) nowhere (让某人)一事无成，毫无进展 注意 nowhere是否定副词，位于句首时，句子要用部分倒装。
(1)It is lucky we booked a room，or we would have nowhere to stay now. 很幸运我们订了一个房间，否则我们现在将无处可住。(2015· 安徽) (2)I’ve nowhere near enough for the fare. 我的钱远不够买车票的。 (3)Nowhere does it say that we cannot have guests in our rooms. 没地方规定我们不能在房间里接待客人。
[句型转换] (4)I could see him nowhere. →Nowhere could I [单句改错] (5)I’m going to nowhere until you are back. see him.
In conclusion，on the one hand Ludford is an attractive town with good shops and many places of interest. 总之，一方面拉德福特是一个迷人的城镇，好店铺众多，并且有多 处名胜。
come to/arrive at/reach/draw a conclusion 得出结论
(1)In conclusion，we should like to thank all those who have worked so hard for this task. 最后，我们要对为这项任务而辛勤工作的所有人表示感谢。 (2)From what you say，I can come to/arrive at/draw/reach a conclusion that she is not the right person for the job. 从你所说的情况来看，我可以断定她不是这份工作的合适人选。
[句型转换] (3)In a word，all of us need to be concerned about AIDS. → In conclusion ，all of us need to be concerned about AIDS. [单句改错] (4)In a conclusion，I’d like to say how much I’ve enjoyed staying here.
Before 1908，when Ford’s cars became available to the public，it
was only the very rich who could afford to own a car.
afford vt.买得起，承担得起；提供，给予 afford sb. sth. ＝afford sth. to sb. 供给某人某物 afford to do sth. 能够做某事 注意 afford常与情态动词(can，could，be able to)连用。
(1)A great number of people in the city can’t afford an apartment.
(2)The South Korean TV series You Who Came from the Star affords
pleasure to many people.
(3)He said he couldn’t afford to wait (wait) another day.
①He can’t even afford a new refrigerator. 买得起 ______ 提供，给予
②The room afforded us a fine view of the old city.
③If we fail，we’ll not afford the results.
Before 1908，when Ford’s cars became available to the public，it was only the very rich who could afford to own a car. 在1908年之前，当福特汽车问世时，只有非常有钱的人才能买得起 汽车。
(1)强调句型的基本结构为： It is/was＋被强调部分＋ that/who＋其 他部分(若被强调的是人，可用that或who；若被强调的部分是其他时， 一律用that)。另外要注意：本句型不能用于强调原句的谓语动词，如 要强调谓语动词，可在动词前加do，does或did。 (2) 强 调 句 型 的 一 般 疑 问 句 结 构 为 ： Is/Was it ＋ 被 强 调 部 分 ＋ that/who...? (3)强调句型的特殊疑问句结构为：特殊疑问词＋is/was it＋that...? (4)对not...until...句型中的时间状语(从句)进行强调时的结构为：It is/was not until＋被强调部分＋that＋其他部分。
(1)It was when I got back to my apartment that I first came across my
(2)Why is it that smoking is not allowed here?
为什么不允许在这儿吸烟？ (3)Bach died in 1750，but it was not until the early 19th century that his musical gift was fully recognized. 巴赫于1750年去世，但是他的音乐才能一直到19世纪早期才完全被认可。 (2015· 重庆)
(4)He didn’t meet the girl he would like to marry until he came back
from Africa that year.(改为强调句)
→ It was not until he came back from Africa that year that he met
the girl he would like to marry.
(5)He made a mistake at work.As a consequence，he lost his position.(改
→He did make a mistake at work.As a consequence，he lost his position.
[单句改错] (6)It was not until ten o’clock when his father returned last night. that
Ford found a way to mass-produce the motor car cheaply，making
it possible for many more people to own one.
本句中making it possible for many more people to own one为现在分 词短语作结果状语。现在分词(短语)作结果状语，表示自然而然的结 果；不定式作结果状语，则表示意想不到的结果，常用only/never to do结构。
(1)The hospital has recently obtained new medical equipment，allowing more patients to be treated. 医院最近获得了新医疗设备，从而使更多的病人能够得到治疗。 (2017· 天津) (2)Or was he carried miles into space， becoming (become) the world’s first astronaut? 还是他被带到了数英里之外的太空，成为了世界上第一位宇航员？ (3)He hurried to the station，only to find (find) that the train had left. 他匆匆赶到车站，结果发现火车已经开走了。
[单句改错] (4)He jumped out of the truck，hurt his ankle. hurting
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Buses run frequently (frequent) from the city to the airport. 2.A fatal accident took place at this crossing (cross) three years ago. 3.Several vehicles were damaged (damage) in the crash. 4.There were more people here than I had expected. 5.On our way to school，we had to pass through a small street.
6.It was near the river that I found my daughter.
7.We may buy some fruit or vegetables，and in conclusion，anything
that can be eaten is OK.
8.Their factory had to close down for good. being shown 9.The lucky students you referred to are looking forward to ___________ (show) around Beijing.
10.A terrible earthquake happened in China in 2008， causing (cause)
thousands of deaths.
Ⅱ.完成句子 11.我认为这项活动不但对学生和社会有益，对我也有好处。 I think this activity will be beneficial to me as well as the students and the society. 12.玛丽未能通过任何一门考试，这让她父母非常生气。 angry Mary failed all her exams， making her parents very . 13.哪儿你也找不到比这更好的玫瑰了。 Nowhere will/can you find better roses than these.
14.总之，礼貌用语会使你的生活更方便。 In a word， it is polite words convenient. On the one hand on the other hand 15. 一方面我想把房子卖掉，但另一方面我又不能忍受搬家。 ，I want to sell the house，but can’t bear the thought of moving. ， I that will make your life more
Ⅲ.语法填空 (2018· 河南许平汝高一第五次联考) Music is everywhere nowadays.Music plays 16. an important part in daily life and there are different types of music in the world，such as Blues，Black music，Rock & Roll，Dance music of Punks，Disco， Jazz，Classical music，Rap，Pop-music and so on.
Music is 17. of great use in many fields.It 18. is used (use) in some special places 19.where people are always attracted by the sweet-sounding music such as advertising，radios，TV，films and the supermarkets.So， you can see that it helps the companies make some money.
usually Why do so many people like enjoying music? In my opinion,20.______
(usual) we prefer expressing through music ， so we can share many feelings with other people.When we are tired after work or when we are nervous，listening to music makes us feel more 21. relaxed (relax) and better.Listening to music 22. helps (help) us face the difficulties we meet in 23. our (we) life and makes us forget some problems.24. In addition，we can learn more about the cultures of different countries and then learn about the world better.Music makes our life so 25. colorful/colourful (color).
Ⅳ.微写作 写作素材(关于交通安全) 1.十字路口是事故频发地区。 2.汽车驾驶员、骑自行车的人和行人在经过十字路口时一定要遵守交通 规则。 3.这不但是对自己负责，也是对他人负责。 4.所以，为了我们自身的利益，出行时一定要注意安全。 提示：加颜色部分用本单元词汇表达。
补全短文 motorists， The 26. crossroads are accident-prone areas，and 27.___________ cyclists and pedestrians through the crossroads must obey traffic
rules.This is not only 28. responsible for yourself，but also for others.
29. Therefore/Consequently/In consequence ，for our own 30. benefits ，we
must pay attention to safety when travelling.
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