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定语从句和其他易混句型的区别及典型练习


定语从句和其他易混句型对比和区别 定语从句和其他易混句型对比和区别 其他易混句型

一.定语从句与并列句 1.并列句用分号(; )或连接词 and, but 来连接。 2.定语从句用关系词来引导,关系词具有两个作用:一是放在先行词与定语从句之间起连接(主句和 从句)作用,二是充当从句中的一个成分。 练习: 1.Mr Li has three daughters, none of________ is an engineer. 2.Mr Li has three daughters, but none of__________ is a dancer. 3.Mr Li has three daughters; __________ are doctors. 二. 定语从句与地点状语从句 1. where 引导的定语从句用来修饰表示地点意义的名词或代词,可以改成“介词+which”。 2. where 引导的地点状语从句用来修饰动词,表示动作发生或存在的地点,不可改成“介词+which”。 3.做题时,先根据句意确定有无先行词。如有,是定语从句,如无,是状语从句。 对比下面两个句子: He left the key where he had been an hour ago. He left the place where he lived for many years. 练习: 1.Rice doesn’t grow well _____ there is not enough water. 2.I still remember the farm_____ my parents worked ten years ago. 3. The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands the famous tower. A. that B. where C. which D. there

三. 定语从句与强调句 1.强调句型可以还原成正常语序的句子,也就是说,强调句型中去掉 It be… that 后,句子仍然通顺, 意义也依然完整,只是没有那么强调突出。而定语从句去掉了 It be… that 后句子就不完整了。 2.强调句型常常与定语从句混合使用。 Could it be in the restaurant in which you had dinner with me yesterday that you lost your handbag? It is in Qingdao you're going to pay a visit to that this kind of washing machine is produced. It was in Beihai Park where they made a date for the first time that the old couple tole us their love story.
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练习; 1. It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. It is the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. 2. It is in the factory _______John works. It is the factory _______John works. 四. 定语从句与结果状语从句 1. such/the same--- as 中,as 是关系代词,其后句子不完整,as 在从句中充当成分(主、宾或表语) 。 2.such---that 结果状语从句中,其后句子是完整的,that 只起连接作用。 对比下面两个句子: He is such a good teacher as we all love and respect. He is such a good teacher that we all love and respect him. 练习: 1.I have the same computer _____you have. 2. She is such a kind girl _____all of us like to make friends with her. 3. It is such a good place _____everybody wants to visit _____it is well-known all over the world. A. which; that B. as ; as C. as ;that D. that; as 五. 定语从句与习惯句型 注意固定句型:It is the first/second/third time that+ 从句(从句用现在完成时) 1.It is the first time ______she has been in Shanghai. 2.It was the time _______Chinese people had a hard life. 答案: 1.that 2.when 六. 定语从句与单句 注意标点符号:两个单句间用句号, 而定语从句两个句子间用逗号。 1.The mother told the lazy boy to work, ____didn’t help 2.The mother told the lazy boy to work. _____didn’t help. 练习:There are 56 students in our class, most of ____are girls. 七. 各句型之间的异同 句型之间的异同 (一)定语从句与同位语从句的区别

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1.that 连接同位语从句:放在抽象名词(news, idea, fact, suggestion, advice, hope 等)之后,表明抽象名 词的具体内容(中间加 be 可帮助理解) 。同位语从句句子本身成分完整,that 无意义,只起连接作用, 不在从句中作任何成分,不能省略,也不可用 which 代替。 2.that 引导定语从句:定语从句句子不完整,that 是关系代词,它在从句中不但起连接作用,同时在从 句中作某一成分(主语、宾语或表语) ,作宾语时可省略,指物时还可用 which 替换,指人时常可用 who 代替。 (二)强调句型与主语从句的区别 强调句型中去掉 It be… that 后,句子仍然通顺,意义也依然完整,只是没有那么强调突出。 主语从句的复合句中的 it 是指示代词,后面多为系表结构或被动语态。如果去掉 It be…that,句子就 不通顺了。 (三)it, as 与 what 三种句型的转换 What is well known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games were a great success.(what 连接的主语从句) It is well known to us all thatthe 2008 Olympic Games were a great success.(形式主语 it 引导的主语从句) As is well known to us all, the 2008 Olympic Games were a great success.(as 引导的定语从句) 练习: 1.The news ______came from the front was true. 2.The news ______he won the game was true. 3.She was not ______she used to be. 4.The city is no longer a place _____ it used to be. 5._____ is known to us all, paper was first made in China. 6._____ is known to us all that paper was first made in China. 7. She was not the woman ______she used to be. The city is no longer _____it used to be.

典型练习题: 1. I, ___your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A.who is B.who am C.that is D.which am
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2. The old man has two sons, ___are lawyers. A.both of them C.both of whom B.both of who D.both of they

3. He is a man of great knowledge, ___much can be learned. A.in whom B.about whom C.from whom D.of whom

4. I can tell you ___he told me last week. A.all which B.all what C.that all D.all that

5. Is oxygen the only gas ___helps fire burn? A.that B./ C.which D.what

6. Air, ___we breathe every day, is around us all the time. A.that B./ C.which D.it

7. This is the museum ____we saw an exhibition the other day. A.that B.which C.where D.in that

8. This museum is ___you visited the other day. A.that B.which C.where D.the one

9. This is the museum ___you saw the other day. A.that B.where C.in which D.in that

10. It is the third time ___late this month. A.that you arrived C.that you’ve arrived B.when you arrived D.when you’ve arrived

11. It was in 1969___the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. A.that B.which C.in which D.when

12..We often think of the days ___we spent together on the island. A.when B.which C.in which D.during which

13. Have you ever been to Shanghai, ____I left ten years ago? A.where B.which C.that D.when

14. He has left Beijing, ___a meeting is to be held. A.when B.where C.as D.which

15. This is the very place ___I’m wishing to live in. A.where B.which C.that D.in which
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16.I have bought the same dress ____she is wearing. A.as B.that C.which Dthan

17.Can you solve such problems ___raised by the audience? A.what were B.as were C.that were D.which were

18.The reason ___he didn’t come was ____he was injured. A.that,because B.why,that C.why, because D.that, that

19.He must be from Africa, ____can be seen from his skin. A.that B.as C.it D.what

20.His father died last year, ____made it impossible for him to go abroad. A.when B.which C.as D.that

21.___is natural,he married Mary. A.It B.What C.Which D.As

22.The buses, ____were already full,were surrounded by an angry crowd. A.most of them B.most of which 23.All___is needed is a supply of oil. A.the thing B.that C.what D.which C.which most D.that most

24.He paid the boy 10 dollars for washing ten windows, most of ___had not been cleaned for years. A.these B.those C.that D.which

25.In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person ______she could turn for help. A.that B.who C. from whom D.to whom

26. This is one of the means ____the electic energy is conducted from one place to another. A.by which B.by that C.through which D.through that

27. The place ___you are going to visit is the ruin of a place. A.in which B.at which C.where D.which

28. The factory ___I am going to is the place ___my mother used to work many years ago. A.where,where B.where, which C.which,where D.that,which

29. Don’t do such things ___you are not sure about. A.that B.which C.as D.what

30. Rober is good at language, ____we all know. A.because B.for C.as D.since
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31. China has hundreds of islands, ____we all know. A.in which B.at which C.of which D.which

32. She wrote a letter to her father, ___she made her secret known. A.which B.that C.in which D.where

33. She showed me the dictionary ___she paid a lot of money. A.by which B.to which C.for which D.on which

34. His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ___family was poor. A.of whom B.whom C.of whose D.whose

答案:1-5 BCCDA 6-10CCDAC

11-15ABBBC 16-20ABBBB

21-25 DBBDD 26-30ADCCC 31-35CCCDB 36-40ACDCA 41-45 CAADA 46-50 CCDCD

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