[bri??] vi.& vt.呼吸
1.preserve preservation preservable 2.disturb disturbance 3.breathe breath
4.discourage discouragement courage encourage 5.inspire inspiration 6.apply application applicant
[de ] n.死亡
7.survival survive survivor 8.fortune fortunate fortunately 9.death dead deadly
[?kl???? ] n.衣物
10.punishment punish 11.clothing cloth clothes 12.requirement require 13.superior inferior 14.voyage
15.various variety 16.optimistic optimism 17.scientific scie nce scientist 18.curious curiosity
Ⅱ.重点短语 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
对……好奇 发高烧 梦想,渴望 熄灭 与……有关 飞越 打破纪录 以……为基础 在历史上
1.be curious about 2.have a high fever 3.dream of 4.go out 5.have something to do with 6.fly across 7.break a record 8.base...on 9.in history
10.lead to/result in 11.in advance/ahead of time 12.fall ill 13.pay off 14.make contr
ibutions to 15.graduate from 16.preserved body 17.scientific explanation
18.be qualified for 19.live one's dream 20.look up to sb
Howard Carter is one of the
famous explorers the world has
Others believe that they were in connection with a mummy's curse,as a punish-
ment for those
enter the resting place of
is certain,though,is that‘the curse of the mummy’ remains a riddle to
1.most;ever 2.who;the 3.What
His name will go down in history with
of Yuri Gagarin and Alan Shepard.
the paper makers showed people how to make paper, it came into
widespread use all over the world.
1.I listened to a report about the Diaoyu Island Dispute last weekend and that was
the first time I
(hear)about the subject.
2.Large quantities of water, as well as some other timely help including a medical
(offer)since the serious drought hit Yunnan Province.
(hope)to send him a gift to congratulate him on his marriage, but
1.had heard 2.have been offered 3.had hoped;didn't manage
4.As each man I contacted recounted painful details, I felt as though I were talking
with my father. Not only were they similar in appearance, but they
(experience)the same things.
5.By the end of last week, nearly 80 percent of the work
4.had experienced 5.had been finished
1 curious He was bright and curious about the world outside his home town.他天资聪颖,对 家乡外部的世界充满了好奇。(教材原句P42) ?考点释义
?发散思维 curiously adv.好奇地 curiosity n.好奇心 arouse one's curiosity 引起某人的好奇心
(1)It's curious that he should have asked such a question.
,he should have asked such a question.
(2)They were very
(对……好奇)the people who lived upstairs.
(这对夫妇如此好奇)about wild plants that they decided to
make a trip to Madagascar for further research.
?答案 (1)Curiously (2)curious about (3)So curious were the couple
2 preserve Inside the tombs, he discovered a great fortune in jewels and gold, along with the preserved bodies of dead kings.在这些坟墓里,他发现了大量的珠宝和黄金,还 有保存完好的国王的遗体。(教材原句P42) ?考点释义 preserve v.保存,保护,贮存 preserve...from...=protect...from...保护……免受…… preserve our eyesight/public order/world peace保护我们的视力/维护公共秩序/ 维护世界和平 be well preserved 保养得很好;保存得很好
On a mere 1/10 of an acre in Los Angeles,Loe and her family grow,can(装罐)and preserve much of the food they consume.在洛杉矶仅仅十分之一英亩的土地上, Loe和她的家人种植、装罐并保存很多他们吃的食物。(2015 湖北 阅读理 解B) ?发散思维 preservation n.保护,保存;维持 Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering.在冰柜出现之前,需要用冰来进行食物保存和提供饮食。 (2015 课标全国Ⅰ 阅读理解A)
(1)In order to answer this question, we must first examine whether people really
the historic feel of an area.
(2)I think these traditional Chinese customs should
(3)You should wear a pair of sunglasses to
(4)With the limited natural resources, we should take action to
(5)Is she really 60?She is
?答案 (1)to preserve (2)be preserved (3)preserve;from (4)preserve them
from being wasted (5)well preserved
3 inspire Do you want to inspire your students with your experiences?你想用你自己的经 历激励你的学生们吗?(教材原句 P53) ?考点释义 inspire vt.赋予灵感;鼓舞,激励 I was inspired while watching a television program showing how sleds might have helped with pyramid construction.我看电视节目里显示雪橇可能有助于金字塔 的建造时受到启发。(2015 四川 阅读理解E) inspire sb to do sth 激励某人做某事 inspire sth in sb=inspire sb with sth 使某人产生某种感情,激发某人的某种感情
?发散思维 inspired adj.借助于灵感创作的;能力卓越的
He left a deep impression on me and gave me the inspiration to pick up my pen
Magnificent views over the mountains have often
4 discourage Even though some of the gorillas were quite dangerous, this did not discourage Dian.即使有一些大猩猩非常危险,但这也阻止不了黛安。(教材原句 P57) ?考点释义 discourage vt.使灰心,使泄气;阻止,劝阻 discourage sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事 The failure was a big blow to him, but he wasn't discouraged and soon got as enthusiastic as ever.这次失败对他来说是一个很大的打击,但是他并不泄气 ,很快就变得和以前一样充满热情。(2015 福建 单项填空24)
?发散思维 discouraged adj.丧气的,灰心的
prevent/stop/keep/prohibit sb from doing sth
(1)And don't let a busy schedule
making some great changes
in the way you eat and live!
(2)We hope the bad weather won't
taking part in this
(3)Children will soon
if you criticize them too often.
?答案 (1)discourage;from (2)discourage people from
5 desire He always had a strong desire to learn how to fly.他一直强烈渴望学习如何飞。
??have a desire for 渴望 ??have a desire to do sth渴望做某事
I had a strong desire to reach in and play with the toy,but was held back thankfully by the shop window. 我有一个强烈的愿望想要把手伸进去玩那 个玩具,但是幸好被商店橱窗阻隔了。(2015 湖南 单项填空32)
?desire for 渴望??
???desire to do sth渴望做某事 ??desire sb to do sth期望某人做某事
He desired to return to Mexico. 他渴望回墨西哥去。 ?发散思维 desired adj.预期的
desirable adj.值得拥有的 desirably adv.渴望地 ?注意 desire 后跟宾语从句、同位语从句或表语从句时,从句谓语动词用虚 拟语气,即“(should+)动词原形”。
(1)Our holiday was all that could be
(2)The majority of people have a strong 大多数人都非常渴望成功。
?答案 (1)desired (2)desire
6 apply In 1998,he applied to be a member of Project 921,which is now called shenzhou. 在1998年,他申请成为921项目的成员,现在这个项目叫做“神舟”。(教材原 句P58) ?考点释义 apply vi.申请 vt.使用,应用 ?发散思维
(1)But the research has found laptop users are less able to remember and
the concepts they have been taught. 但是这项研究发现笔记本电脑使用者几乎不能记住和应用他们被教过的概
(2)Now researchers are
the study of the universal-
ity of art. 现在研究者们应用科学的方法来研究艺术的普遍性。
(3)He hopes to be a soldier, and he has 他希望成为一名军人,他已报名参军。 ?答案 (1)apply (2)applying;to (3)applied to
join the army.
7 as well as ‘The tomb contained more treasure than any of us had ever seen before,as well as the mummy of the king,’said Carter.“除了国王的木乃伊之外,这座陵墓还 藏有大量的珍宝,比我们任何人先前所见过的都要多。”卡特说。 (教材原句P42) ?考点释义 (1)as well as“除……之外,也,还”,连接两个在句中作并列成分的词、短语或 句子。
Kieran said,“It has really helped me to improve my confidence and social skills as well as my school grades and I was voted most improved pupil at school in August.”Kieran说:“它真的帮助我提高了我的学习成绩,还提高了我的自信 心和社交技能。八月份我被评为进步最显著的学生。” (2013福建 阅读理解E)
The children are adventurous as well as bright. 这些孩子不仅很聪明,而且有冒险精神。 She is a talented musician as well as being a photographer. 她不但是个摄影师还是个有天赋的音乐家。 We can't expect him to do the housework as well as look after the children.我们 不能期望他既要看小孩,又要做家务。(若连接两个不定式,如果第一个带有to, 第二个就不带to) She shares my troubles as well as my joys. 她和我苦乐共享。 She sings and paints as well as playing the piano.她不但弹钢琴,还唱歌、画画。 (第二个as为介词,后加名词或动名词) The teacher,as well as the students,wishes for a holiday.不仅仅学生,这个老师也 渴望有假期。(注意句子的主谓一致)
Are they coming as well?他们也来吗?
They all do morning exercises as well.他们也都做早操。
He gave me advice,and money as well.
(1)That's why TV Ears has earned the trust and confidence of audiologists na-
(2)Ellen is a fantastic dancer.I wish I danced
?答案 (1)as well as (2)as well as
8 come across There,they came across the tomb of King Tutankhamun.在那里,他们偶然发现了 图坦卡蒙国王的坟墓。(教材原句P42) ?考点释义 come across(偶然)遇见;发现;被理解 You are very likely to come across large wild animals,too.你也很可能偶遇大的 野生动物。(2015 重庆 阅读理解D)
(1)When we read newspapers, we often
such English words as
“AIDS” and “PK”.我们看报纸时,经常会遇到诸如“AIDS”“PK”这样
every now and then because they were talking
(3)The flowers should be
because now it is spring.
?答案 (1)come across (2)came about (3)coming out
9 result in If breathed in,they can result in illness or even death.一旦被人吸入,它们就可能 导致疾病甚至死亡。(教材原句 P43) ?考点释义
We are still dealing with problems resulting from errors made in the past.我们还 在应付因过去的失误而造成的问题。 According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet.据Sparrow说,我们并没有由于因特网而变成记忆力差的 人。(2015 安徽 阅读理解C)
(1)I learnt that shouting and threats of punishment would
the death of two passengers.
(3)He liked smoking.
, he died of lung cancer last year.
=He died of lung cancer last year
(4)My investigations were
not working hard enough.
(6)Word came that another violent earthquake struck Sichuan once again,
a great loss.
?答案 (1)result in (2)resulted in (3)As a result;as a result of
(5)resulted from (6)resulting in
10 pay off All my years of training as an explorer have finally paid off! 我多年来作为一个 探险者的训练终于得到了回报!(教材原句P45) ?考点释义 pay off常表示“成功”“没有白费”“付清”“付清工资后解雇”等。 These efforts paid off,and Sparrow soon became one of the most successful fastfood chains in the regions where it operated.这些努力有了回报,很快麻雀餐厅就 成了其所在地区最成功的快餐连锁店之一。(2013 山东 阅读理解D) It took them six years to pay off their mortgage. 他们花了六年才付清抵押借款。
They paid me off without previous notice. 他们未事先通知就付清了我的工资把我解雇了。
?pay back 偿还;报复 ??pay for 为??付钱(款) ??pay out 付巨款 ??pay up 总算付清全部欠款
(1)He devoted most of his time to research,believing his hard work would pay
sooner or later.
(2)You'll sooner or later be paid
for what you are doing now.
?答案 (1)off (2)back
11 in control(of) Yang was described by his superiors as hard-working and always in control of himself.杨利伟的上级描述他是一个努力且总是有自控力的人。(教材原句P5 8) ?考点释义 control n.控制,管理 in control(of)掌管/控制…… get control of控制…… This boy's teacher was in tears, and could not get control of the situation.这个男 孩的老师眼泪汪汪,并且控制不住局势。
?be out of control失去控制
???get out of control失去控制 ?lose control of 失去对??的控制 ??keep / bring / get sthunder control 控制住?? ??under the control of sb由某人管理 ?take control of 控制 ??control oneself 自我控制
The essential belief of the first free government in the world was liberty for all men who could control themselves and would take responsibility for the state.世 界上第一个自由政府的根本的信念是解放能够自我控制和对国家负责的所 有人。(2015 江苏 阅读理解D)
(1)She may be old, but she's still
all that is happening.
(2)He was so drunk that he
(3)The plant was given eight months to bring the pollution
?答案 (1)in control of (2)lost control of
12 look up to...as... The people of China can be proud of Yang Liwei,and young people all over the world can look up to him as an example of a man who managed to live his dream. 中国人民能为杨利伟而自豪,全世界的年轻人也会将他视为努力实现梦想的 榜样。(教材原句P58) ?考点释义
?活学活用 完成句子 (1)We should look up to him
an example of a man who devotes himself to
(2)It was once common to
a society with class distinction.
a universal language.
?答案 (1)as (2)regard;as (3)is referred to as
1 动词不定式作结果状语 He too visited the tomb, only to catch a high fever the next day.他也去了陵墓,结 果第二天就发高烧。(教材原句P43) ?考点释义 本句中only to catch...为动词不定式作结果状语。动词不定式作结果状语时, 往往表示出乎预料的或意想不到的结果,而其不定式前常用only。 I arrived at the shop only to find I'd left my wallet at home. 我到达商店却发现 把钱包落在家里了。
He dropped the vase, only breaking it into pieces.花瓶从他手中掉下来,结果摔成
(1)There's nothing that ticks off a professor more than making him-or herself
available for a custom office hour
(却发现)that you don't care e-
nough to come on time. (2)He went out of the room with few clothes on,
?答案 (1)only to find (2)only/thus feeling
2 “without+宾语”用于虚拟语气 Without her work, there would be very few mountain gorillas left today. 要是没 有她的工作,现在就只剩下很少的山地大猩猩了。(教材原句P57) ?考点释义 without her work用来表示一种假设,表示与实际情况相反,这种条件称为含蓄 条件,也可换成if引导的非真实条件句,本句相当于If it hadn't been for her work, there would be very few mountain gorillas left today. Without the sun, nothing would grow. 没有太阳,万物就不会生长。
?发散思维 (1)在这种含蓄条件句中,句子谓语动词变化如下: ①表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用would/could/should/might+动词原形。 ②表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用would/could/should/might+have done。 ③表示与将来事实相反,谓语动词用would/could/should/might+动词原形。 (2)类似without这样能够表示含蓄条件的单词或短语还有:but for(要不是)、 otherwise(否则)等。
creative human occupation, people became disconnected from life.
(2)Without your help, I
(3)I'm lucky that I'm interested in the job,
I'd go crazy.
?答案 (1)Without (2)wouldn't have become (3)otherwise
3 It is/was...that句型 Although Yang did not get the best scores on every single test,it was his high scores on the psychological tests that finally won him the status of China's first astronaut.虽然杨利伟并非每项测试都得了最高分,但他各项心理测试所得的 高分最终为他赢得了中国首位宇航员的身份。(教材原句P58) ?考点释义 (1)It is/was+被强调部分+that... 该句型为强调句型,被强调部分可以是主语、宾语、表语或状语。强调的主 语如果是人,that可以换成who。如果把It is/was和that去掉后,剩下的应该是一 个完整的句子,这也是判断强调句型与其他从句的方法。如:
It was about 600 years ago that the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. →About 600 years ago,the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.大 约600年前,第一个带有表盘和时针的钟表被制成。 (2)It is clear(obvious,true,possible,certain)that... 该句型中it 是形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的主语从句,常译为“清楚(显 然,真的,可能,肯定)……”。如: It is very clear that he's round and tall like a tree.很清楚,他又圆又高像一棵树。 (3)It is important(right,natural...)that... that 后的从句中要用虚拟语气(should+动词原形),should可以省略。如:
It is important that he should attend every day. 他每天都要出席,这很重要。 (4)It is said(reported,learned...)that... 该结构常译为“据说(据报道,据悉……)……”。 (5)It is suggested(ordered...)that... 该句型主句中的过去分词是表示请求、建议、命令等的词时,that 后的从句要 用虚拟语气(should+动词原形),should 可以省略。常译为“据建议(有命 令……)……”。如: It is ordered that we(should)arrive there within two hours. 有命令称我们应该在两个小时内到那儿。 (6)It is a pity(shame...)that... that后的从句一般用虚拟语气(should+动词原形),should可省去,表示出乎意料, 常译为“竟然”。没有这种意义时,则不用虚拟语气。如:
It is a pity that he is ill.他生病了,真遗憾。 (7)It is(about/high)time that... 该句型中that后的从句应该用虚拟语气,值得注意的是:①常用过去时态表示虚 拟。②有时也用should+动词原形,should不能省略。常译为“该是……的时 候……”。
(8)It is/was the first(second...)time that... 该句型中的 that从句用完成时态,如果主句的谓语动词是is,后面从句用现在完 成时态;如果主句的谓语动词是was,后面从句则用过去完成时态。该结构中 that 可以省去;it有时用 this 替换。常译为“是第一(二……)次……”。
?活学活用 完成句子 (1)Why! I have nothing to confess(坦白).
me to say?(你究竟想要我说什么)
(据报道)another earth satellite has been put into
(真是遗憾)such a thing(should)happen in your
class. (4)It is suggested that the meeting
?答案 (1)What is it that (2)It is reported that
(3)It is a pity that (4)(should)be put off
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