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Module 6

Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World

Written by: Yuan Fengqiong Proofread by: He Zhihai Period 1 vocabulary and reading Learning goals: 1)Guess where the passage comes from; 2)Master the main information of this passage and try to improve reading ability; 3)Correctly understand the new words according to the context. Learning methods: 1)Fast reading to get the general idea of the text. 2)Intensive reading to understand the passage better. Emotion and Values: Know about some monsters existing in the natural world and broaden their cultural background knowledge. I. Pre-learning: 1.Some important words:
1)袭击;攻击[Vt]_________________(反义词)保护;保卫[Vt]___________________ 2)吓人的[adj]_________________惊吓;使害怕[V] _______________惊吓[n]________________ 3)存在[Vi]____________存在的;现存的[adj]_____________存在[n]____________________ 4)锋利的[adj]______________削尖;磨尖[V]____________削具;磨具[n]__________________ 5)神秘的[adj]_____________ 神秘的事物[n]______________ 6)占地(多大面积)[Vt]_______________ 覆盖[Vt]______________封面[n]_________________ 揭开…盖子;揭露[Vt]________________发现[Vt]______________恢复[Vi]________________ 7)平静的____________安静的 _____________不动的____________沉默不语的_____________ 8)声称__________________目击;发现_______________表面_________________ 怀疑的__________________学报;期刊__________________

2.Expressions: find the phrases in the textbook and translate them into Chinese.
in the Himalayas ______________ get angry_____________________ have no physical name___________ stick out______________________ a scientific journal______________ be back in the news______________ a distant cousin __________________ be likely to__________________ get its name__________________ get close to __________________ continue to exist_______________ a tourist guide ________________ get a clear look at ______________ in places _______________________

3.Do Activity 1 and 2 on P51. II. Learning procedures: Step 1 Pre-reading
1) A simple introduction

Lake Tianchi is located in the north-eastern Jilin province near the border of North Korea, in China. The lake is 1,243 feet deep and has had some volcanic activity in the last 300 years. Tianchi is honoured as the deepest mountain lake and the largest crater lake in China. There have been more than 30 reported sightings by tourists from home and abroad over the past 20 years. They said that they saw the great monster in the lake. There are quite a few pictures and videos of this creature, but none is clear enough to give a good appearance of it. Some persons made the picture with computer images of it based on interviews. Someone drew a picture to show its shape, but it remains unconfirmed. 2) Finish Activity 1 and 2 on P51

Step 2 While reading 1. Skimming: Read the beginning of the passage and finish Activity 1 on page 52. 2.Scanning: Get the detailed information about the passage.
1)Read the first paragraph quickly and answer the two questions. ① According to the text, what did the monster look like? ② How many people saw it? 2) Read the second paragraph and answer the questions: ① Who else saw the animal? ② What were they doing? ③ What did it look like? 3) Read the third and fourth paragraph and answer the questions. ① What did Li Xiaohe see? ② Why could they see the animal clearly?


③ How long was the history of reports of monsters in Lake Tianchi? ④ What do many people think? ⑤ What do the scientists think? 4)Read the last paragraph and give the following information about Lake Tianchi: Height: ① Area: ② Depth: ③

3. The outline:
The Monster of Lake Tianchi Type of writing Idea of 1st Para. Idea of 2nd Para Idea of 3rd Para Idea of 4th Para Idea of 5th Para

A diagram of the reading material:

Monster of Lake Tianchi

By _______ __________ __________

By _______ __________ __________

By________ __________ __________

By _________ _______


Step 3. Post reading
Choose the best answer according to the text. ①What is the topic of this text? A. Introduction to “Monster of Lake Tianchi” B. Several recent sightings of lake monsters C. Scientists skeptical about lake monsters D. “Monster of Lake Tianchi” and reports of monsters in the lake ②Xue Junlin, a local photographer, claimed that its head looked like a _____.

A. cat B. elephant C. horse D. tiger ③Which of the following statements is not scientifically based? A. The “Monster of Lake Tianchi” is in the Changbai Mountains. B. Jilin province is in northeast China. C. The lake monster seemed to be black in colour. D. Lake Tianchi is the highest volcanic lake in the world. ④. What does “distant” mean in “Many people think the monster may be a distant cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland.”? A. remote in time B. remote in relationship C. aloofly reserved D. hard to distinguish clearly III. Consolidation: Retelling the text by filling in the blanks. The “Monster of Lake Tianchi”, the (1)__________ volcanic lake in the world, in the Changbai Mountains in Jilin province, northeast China, is (2)_____________in the focus after several recent (3) ___________. The director of a local tourist office, Meng Fanying, said he saw a (4)________________in the lake. It seemed to be (5)_______________ in colour, ten metres from the(6) _________________of the lake during the most recent sighting. In another recent sighting, a group of soldiers(7) ________________they saw an animal moving on the (8)________________ of the water. A third report(9)___________________from Li Xiaohe. He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water. There(10)_______________ been reports of monsters in Lake Tianchi since the beginning of the last century, although no(11) _________________ has seen one(12) __________________ up. Many people think the monster may be a (13) ___________________ cousin of the Loch Ness(14)___________________ in Scotland. They also think that there might be similar creatures in other lakes around the(15)__________________. Scientists, however, are (16)________________. They say that the low-temperature lake is ______________________ (17) to be able to support such large living creatures. supplement reading materials : Crop Circles Crop Circles-formations, usually found in grain crops, where the crop has been mysteriously found laid flat, In patterns, that did not exist in daylight the previous day. Although thought by many to be a phenomena of the 20th Century, crop circles and formations have been around for a very long time, and records even date back well before the invention of the camera.

The recorded incidence of crop circles in more modern times seems to have started in the early 20th century, with a gradual increase in numbers through to a marked increase in the 1960s,leading to a quite dramatic upturn in the 1990s.At least 190 formations were discovered and documented in 1999,perhaps an omen for what is to come in the new millennium.

There are many who are under the impression that crop circles are only indigenous to the U.K. Sure, they are more prevalent here than elsewhere in the world, but there are countless examples of them

appearing all over the world—in the USA from 1920,in Europe from the mid 20th century and in Africa, Canada, Australia, Central & Southern America, Russia in 1970,and Japan in the late 70s. Many visitors to the U.K. are amazed to discover that crop circles actually appear in their own country. What odds, that formations in the 21st century will be found on the surface of the Moon and Mars, and beyond? Yetis

Reported sightings of the mysterious creatures called Yetis (“Wildman”) are common at the Shennongjia National Nature Reserve, located between the Daba Mountains and the Wudang Mountains in western Hubei province. The existence and nature of such creatures are questions still being investigated by scientists from China, the former Soviet Union, and the United States. Many stories circulate about Yetis in Shennongjia. On February 6,1980,a young Yeti was reportedly spotted at Shennongjia. In March that same year a red-haired Yeti was seen sunning himself on a rock. Later that month, a red-haired creature was seen walking erect in the forest. Now many tourists hope to be lucky and see a Yeti for themselves. About UFO

UFOs are unidentified flying objects, but no one really knows what they are. Many researchers(called “ufologists”) have theories about what UFOs might be, but because no one can examine a UFO in a scientific laboratory, all of these ideas are really only educated guesses. We can offer a definition of UFOs, however, that you may find useful when you study the subject: A UFO is the reported sighting of an object or light seen in the sky or on land, whose appearance, actions, motions, lights, and colors do not have a logical, conventional, or natural explanation, and which cannot be explained, not only by the original witness, but by scientists or technical experts who try to make a common sense identification after examining the evidence.


Period 2 Reading Learning goals: 1) Master the usages of some useful words and phrases; 2)Learn to analyze difficult sentences. 3)Learn to talk something about a monster. Learning methods: Individual work, pair work or group work to make every student participate in class. Emotion and Values: Have a better understanding of our world around us and develop their interests to explore the mysteries of nature. I. Pre-learning: 1.Do Activity 4 on page 53. 2.Expressions: find the phrases in the textbook and translate them into Chinese.
cover an area of __________________ living creatures ___________________ close up ________________________ volcanic lake ____________________

II. Learning procedures: Step 1 Revision Word-spelling Exercise
1)There is something m____________ about her early childhood. We all want to know about it. 2)American and British planes a____________ Iraq, bombing many cities and villages. 3)The edge of the knife is very s_____________, so you must be careful. 4)They watched the train until it d________________ at last. 5)At the___________(脚印) in the sands, Crouse was very frightened. 6)It is said that the accident was caused by a sea _____________(怪物). 7)He must be a man of wide knowledge, for his talk _____________(涉及) various subjects. 8)That old lady _________________(声称) she had a lot of money. 9)I am _________________(怀疑的) about his chances of winning. 10) He kept a ______________ of his wanderings across Asia.

Step 2

Language points

Important Words: 1.It often gets angry and will attack anyone who goes close to it. (Page 51) 它经常生气,会袭击靠近它的任何人. attack: [vt] & [vi] & [n] 袭击 进攻 1)We ______________________________(突然袭击) the enemy during the night. 2)She started __________________ the burglar _____________a piece of wood. 她开始用一块木头猛打进屋行窃的小偷 3)They got _____________ and robbed by a gang of youths. 4)The article attacked the government for its policy on education. Chinese:____________________________________________________. 5)The company came _______________________ for the hiring of 50 employees. 公司因解雇了50名员工而受到猛烈抨击 6)She got a ________________________________(心脏病)yesterday. 7)常言道,攻击是最好的防御。______________________________________________ 2. He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water.(Page 52) 他说他看见一个圆形黑色的东西在湖面快速游过。 claim : [Vt] &[n]宣称,声称(后可跟 that 从句或动词不定式) 1) I don’t claim to be an expert. Chinese:________________________________

2)Scientists are______________ a major _________________ in the fight against cancer. 科学家们宣称治疗癌症已有重大的突破 3)He claimed he should be given a fairer opportunity. =He claimed ____________________________________. 4)Nobody has claimed ____________________for the suicide bombing in Gaza Strip. 还没有人声称对这起发生在加沙地带的自杀性爆炸事件负责 5)The singer has denied the claim that she is leaving the band. Chinese:__________________________________________________ 6)The government’s ________________________________ was clearly mistaken. 政府声称战争是必需的,这种说法显然是错误的。 3. exist: [Vi] 1)Such a thing doesn’t exist. Chinese:____________________________________ 2)There exist some shortcomings in his composition. Chinese:_______________________ 3)I wasn’t aware of his ___________________. 4)Scientists have many theories about how the universe _______________________(产生,形成). Important Phrases: 4. It is 2,189 metres high and covers an area of about ten square kilometers. (Page 52) 天池海拔 2189 米,面积有 10 平方公里 Cover(an area of): “占有……空间” 1)The town covers (an area of) 5 square miles. 2)The mountain is ___________________________________________(整个一年被雪覆盖). 3)The lecture ________________________________________(包括很多方面) of business. 4)The reporters are __________________________(报道) the fire for a newspaper. 5)I can ___________________________ (走过一段路)the distance on foot in two hours. 6) Will $20 ___________________(足够…费用)the cost of a new shirt? 7)The book has a blue front ________________and a yellow back _________________(封面). 8)She uncovered(_____________) the bottle and a pleasant kind of smell came out. He held a book of poems as if it were a diamond necklace, turning pages as if uncovering treasures. Chinese:_____________________________________________________________ 9)Gradually she has recovered from her illness. ____________________ The police recovered the stolen jewellery. _____________________ 10)They made an important discovery in the field of science. _______________________ 5. They say that the low-temperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures. (Page 52)他们说,温度低的湖中不可能存活如此大的生物。 be (un)likely to do… (不)可能做…… ①You____________________________(有可能) catch a cold if you go out now. ②It is ________________________(不可能)to rain at this time of the year. ③____________________________ he will be late. = He is likely to be late. ④辨析:possible, probable, likely Possible 强调“客观上有可能性”,但常带有“实际希望很小”的暗示.作表语时,通常不能用人或物 作主语,习惯用 it 作形式主语,常用句型 It is possible (for sb) to do sth 或 It is possible that. 可以乘公共汽车去那里____________________________________________ 会议可能要开到很晚_______________________________________________ Likely 的可能性比 possible 要强,但比 probable 要弱,表示某种行为的发生或状态的出现是预料 之中.既可以用人也可以用物作主语,还可用于句型 it is likely that…

他很可能考试不及格_________________________________________________ 她很可能在这呆几天_________________________________________________ Probable 在表示某人做某事,或事物的可能性时, 具有“迹象”或推理 的内涵,表示的可能性比 possible 大.作表语时只用于 it is probable that…句型. 很可能他把那件事给忘了__________________________________________________ probably, possibly, likely, perhaps, maybe probably 语气最强,可能性达 80%.常与 will 连用 I will probably go to Beijing this summer.(几乎肯定) possibly, likely 含义相近,可能性达 40%.(likely 还可以作形容词) 常与 can 连用 He will possibly come but not surely. Likely he is more than 50 years old. perhaps, maybe 表示的可能性仅达 10%,maybe 一般用于非正式文体,正式文体多用 perhaps. Perhaps/Maybe I will study in Beijing. Practice: 1)Rain is _______________, but not _________________before evening. 2)He will ___________________reach Beijing tonight. 3)You can’t __________________ walk 20 miles in an hour. 4)The weather report says another hurricane is ______________to come in two days. 5)She is the most _______________girl to win the prize. A. possible B. probable C. likely D. maybe 6)We’re considering___________. A. if it is possible to do the job ourselves B. the possibility of doing the job ourselves ⑤likely 是以-ly 结尾的形容词,其他常见的以-ly 结尾的形容词:? weekly(_________________);monthly(_________________);yearly(________________); deadly(_________________);lonely(___________________); brotherly(______________); sisterly(_________________);elderly(________________);costly(__________________); orderly(__________________); timely(_________________) 6. 辨析 calm 和 peaceful, quiet, silent, still 的用法:? 1)Attention please, everybody! Please keep ______ for a moment while I take your photograph. 2)Nathan Hale remained ______ in face of the cruel enemy. 3)You’d better be ______ about what’s happened. 4)He lived in a ______ town near the forest. 5)The old man lived a __________________life. Important Sentence: 7. There have been reports of monster in Lake Tianchi since the beginning of the last century, although no one has seen one close up. There be 句型中的 be 有时态变化,可以用 live, stand, lie, come, sit 等代替,也可以和其他一些助动词, 情态动词或谓语动词连用。 there might be 可能有 there must be 一定有 there is likely to be 可能有 there used to be 从前有;曾经有 there seems to be 似乎有;好像有 there happens to be 碰巧有

there appears to be 似乎有 there is sure to be 一定有 1)There __________________(曾经有)to be a lot of trees around our village. 2)There __________________(曾居住)an old monk in an old temple once upon a time. 3)There __________________(有)a beautiful building by the river. 4)There __________________(有)a large wheat field in front of the house. 5)There __________________(传过来)shouts for help from the river. 6)There is ______________________(一定有)be some explanation for such strange behaviour. 7)There _____________________(似乎有)to be some mistake. I’ve never met you before in my life. III. Consolidation: 1. Fill in the following blanks with the proper form of the words given. 1)Judging from his__________________(frighten) look, we can know that he is very ____________(terrify) at the accident scene. 2)He_______________(complete)his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by the seaside. 3)The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket ______________(cover) the desert. 4)The matter_____________(relate to) your study surely requires____________(deal with) carefully. 5)The mayor immediately set about_____________(attack) the organised crime the moment he got there. 6) I’m afraid I can’t find anything of _______________(valuable) in the book. 7) The environmentalists said wild goats’ ______________(appear) on the vast grasslands was a good indication of the better environment. 8)Have you read the ______________news of today’s China Daily ? As far as I know, the former two __________of the first page simply introduce the news that _____________ of IBM company has arrived in Beijing.( head /line ) 2.Choose the best answer: 1)The suspect claimed ________TV with his family when the house caught fire. A. watching B. to be watching C. having watched D. to have watched 2)The article attacked the government ______its policy ________ education. A. on; for B. for; on C. with; of D. of; with 3)They promise that they will finish the project in a month, but I remain _______about their claim. A. optimistic B. concerned C. mysterious D. skeptical 4) Can you tell me how long dinosaurs________ on the earth before they? A. had existed; disappeared B. had existed; were disappeared C. have existed; disappeared D. have existed; were disappeared 5)The police are trying to find out the __________of the woman killed in the traffic accident. A. evidence B. recognition C. identity D. status 6) The public are ______about his claim that he has found a South China tiger,because they can't grow in such an area at all. A. optimistic B. favourable C. skeptical D. impressive 7)Changes will be made to the ________laws. A. exists B. exist C. existed D. existing 8)The businessman claimed ________from Harvard,while in fact,he never went to college. A. to have graduated B. to graduate C. having graduated D. graduating 9)The poor man,________,ran out of the dark cave. A. trembled and frightened B. trembling and frightened C. trembled and frightening D. trembling and frightening

10)They are ________different sizes,shapes and metals,but they are exactly the same________. A. 不填; in weights B. of; in weight C. in; of weight D. of; weights 3)Reading comprehension A Brownie and Spotty were neighbour dogs who met every day to play together. Like pairs of dogs you can find in any neighborhood, these two loved each other and played together so often that they had worn a path through the grass of the field between their houses. One evening, Brownie’s family noticed that Brownie hadn’t returned home. They went looking for him with no success. Brownie didn’t show up the next day, and, although they made their efforts to find him, by the next week he was still missing. Curiously, Spotty showed up at Brownie’s house alone, barking and jumping. Busy with their own lives, they paid no attention to the nervous little neighbour dog. Finally, one morning Spotty refused to take “no” for an answer. Ted, Brownie’s owner, was continuously disturbed (打扰) by the angry, determined little dog. Spotty followed Ted about, barking all the time, then darting toward a nearby empty lot and back, as if to say, “Follow me! It’s urgent!” Eventually, Ted followed Spotty across the empty lot as Spotty stopped racing back and bark encouragingly. The little dog led the man to a deserted spot a half mile from the house. There Ted found his beloved Brownie alive, one of his legs crushed in a steel trap(圈套,陷阱). Frightened, Ted now wished he’d taken Spotty’s earlier appeals(呼吁) seriously. Then Ted noticed something. Spotty had done something else besides leading Brownie’s human owner to his trapped friend. In a circle around the injured dog, Ted found some food remains of every meal Brownie had been fed that week!Spotty had been visiting Brownie regularly, in the hope of keeping his friend alive. Spotty had actually stayed with Brownie to protect him from hunger and other dangers, and keep his spirits up. Brownie’s leg was carefully treated and he soon got well again. For many years there after the two families watched the faithful friends chasing each other down that well-worn path between their houses. 1. At the very beginning, Ted paid little attention to Spotty because________. A. he was not free at the moment B. he was sure Brownie would be OK C. he didn’t like Spotty at all D. his missing dog made him sad

2. The underlined word “darting” in the third paragraph can be replaced by_________. A. walking B. shouting C. rushing D. looking 3. After Ted was brought where Brownie was trapped, he__________. A. managed to free his dog at once B. was very thankful to Spotty C. regretted not following Spotty earlier D. was angry with the trapmaker 4. The BEST title for this passage might be . A. Dogs in Love B. A Friend in Need C. Humans & Dogs D. Dogs Are Loyal 5. We can infer from the passage that . A. humans and animals depend on each other for comfort B. it’s not right to hunt for animals in any neighborhood C. Ted has to take better care of his beloved dog later on D. Brownie would have died without Spotty’s timely help B (Mr. Jones,the owner of a farm,was one day driven out of the farm by all the animals he raised. The animals were excited to be free and independent. More important,they were masters of their own and,of

course,their farm. The animals made seven rules of their own and Snowball painted them on the wall.) THE SEVEN COMMANDMENT 1.Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. 2.Whatever goes upon four legs,or has wings,is a friend. 3.No animal shall wear clothes. 4.No animal shall sleep in a bed. 5.No animal shall drink alcohol. 6.No animal shall kill any other animal. 7.All animals are equal. It was very neatly written,and except that “friend” was written “friend” and one “S” was the wrong way round,the spelling was correct all the way through. Snowball read it aloud for the benefit of the others. All the animals nodded in complete agreement,and the cleverer ones at once began to learn the commandments by heart. “Now,comrades,”cried Snowball,throwing down the paintbrush,“to the hayfield!Let us make it a point of honor to get in the harvest more quickly than Jones and his men could do.” But at this moment the three cows,who had seemed uneasy for some time past,let out a loud lowing. They had not been milked for twenty four hours,and their udders were almost bursting. After a little thought,the pigs sent for buckets and milked the cows fairly successfully,their trotters(蹄子)being well adapted to this task. Soon there were five buckets of frothing creamy milk at which many of the animals looked with considerable interest. “What is going to happen to all that milk?”said someone. “Jones used sometimes to mix some of it in our food,”said one of the hens. “Never mind the milk,comrades!”cried Napoleon,placing himself in front of the buckets. “That will be attended to. The harvest is more important. Comrade Snowball will lead the way. I shall follow in a few minutes. Forward,comrades!The hay is waiting.” So the animals trooped down to the hayfield to begin the harvest,and when they came back in the evening it was noticed that the milk had disappeared. 6. Who is the leader of the animals? A. Snowball. B. Jones. C. Napoleon. D. Cows. 7. When does the story take place? A. In spring. B. In summer. C. In fall. D. In winter. 8. What can we infer from the story? A. The animals are having a revolution. B. The animals are doing a play. C. The animals don't think they are equal. D. The animals will live a harmonious life. 9.Who is indicated as the animals' enemy? A. The chicken. B. The human being. C. The cow. D. The pig. 4)Error-correction Last winter vacation, some of my classmates decide to 1.____________ travel with their friends, while I chose to take part-time job 2. ____________ to gain experience and earn some money. I learned from my 3.____________ teacher that a nearby company was looking after students 4._____________ with good handwriting to write address on envelope. The 5._____________ pay were 10 cent per envelope. I headed for the company, 6.____________ feeling sure I would easy finish 300 envelopes in five hours and 7.____________ to earn the money. Actually, I only finished 200. Now, I 8.____________

fully understand how hard is to earn money. Getting out of the classroom is indeed necessary for we all.

9.____________ 10._____________

Period 3 Function and Grammar Learning goals: 1)Know about the way to express possibility and improbability. 2)Master the usage of “may”, “might”, and “likely” 3)Learn how to talk about possibility and improbability. Learning methods: By self-study and cooperation. Emotion and Values: Know how to talk about possibility and improbability and learn cooperation with each other. I. Pre-learning: 1.Words:
dinosaur___________________ submarine_________________ disappear--- ________________(反)__________________ survive _______________

be related to________________ adapt to ___________________ cut off ____________________ share …with _______________ the tourist office________________ in the future ____________________ volcanic eruption _________________ in the future _____________________

II. Learning procedures: Step 1 Function
1)Pair work: Do exercises 1 and 2 on P51 2)Group work: Identify the creatures in the pictures in Activity 4 on page 55, by using “may” or “might”. 3)Individual work: Do Activity 2 on page 54 individually. Then check their answers.

Step 2


1)Discuss the two sentences in Activity 1 of Grammar on page 57, and then choose the best answer.

Conclusion: We can use may /might to say that something is a possibility
May/might + verb ----- Events ______________________ May/might + have + past participle ----- Events ______________________

Question: What is difference between might and may?
Usually may and might have the same meaning but _______ is used when the situation is not real. 2)Practice A: Ask Ss to do Activity 2 on page 57. Then call back the answers and correct them. B: Translate the following sentences. (1) 他们也许错过了那班飞机。 (2) 快点!他们正在机场等我们。 (3) Tom 是个诚实的孩子。他今晚可能会把真相告诉他父亲。 (4) 他五年前来看过我,他也许不费劲就能找到我的住处。 Supplement: 情态动词 may have/might have+done?

1.may/might 表示许可,否定式 may not。但表示“不可以、禁止、阻止”等时,或对于 may 提问的问句作 否定回答时,常用 must not 或 mustn't;表示“请求、 允许”时,might 比 may 的语气更委婉,而不表示 may 的 过去式,回答时,要用 may,而不用 might。如:? —Might I use your pen?? 我能用你的钢笔吗?? —Yes,you may.(No,you mustn't.)? 是的,可以。(不,不可以。)? 2.may/might 也可表示可能性或是对事物作出“不太肯定的推测”。如:? He may be very busy now.? 他现在可能很忙。? 3.may/might+动词原形:表示现在的可能性,或对现在情况作出的不太肯定的推测。? may/might+have done 表示对过去发生的情况的不太肯定的推测。如:? He may not have finished his homework.? 他或许还没有完成作业。? 情态动词 must/must have+done? 1.表示比较肯定的推测用 must。“must+动词原形”表示对现在情况的推测。“must+have done”表示对过 去情况的推测。如:? This must be your pen.? 这肯定是你的钢笔。? He must have been to Shanghai because he knows Shanghai very well.? 他肯定去过上海因为他对上海非常熟悉。? 2.否定推测不能用 mustn't,因为 mustn't 是用来表示“禁止”的,而应用 can't/couldn't。疑问推测也可用 can/could。? “can/could not+动词原形”表示对现在情况的否定推测;“can/could+ not+ have done”表示对过去情况的 否定推测。如:? This cannot be done by him.? 这件事不可能是他做的。? He cannot have been to that town.? 他不可能去过那个小镇。? 情态动词 should/ought to+have done? should/ought to+ have done 表示“本应该做某事而没有做”。shouldn't/ought not to+ have done 表示“本不 应该做某事而做了”。如:? You should have started earlier.? 你本来应该早点动身。? She ought not to have stopped her work halfway.? 她本不该工作半途而废。?

Step 3

Language points

1)be related to: 同义短语________________________ ____________________ ①You should make clear the facts that are related to this question.? 你应当弄清楚与这个问题有关的事实。 ②All things are ________________to all other things. 所有事物都是和其他事物相联系的. ③The report seeks to _______________the rise in crime ________________in unemployment. 报告想把犯罪增多与失业增加联系起来 2)adapt [Vt] ① 适应 adapt oneself to

你应该适应新环境。______________________________________________ ② 改编,改写(剧本,小说) 这本书是为初学者改写的。 _________________________________________________________ ③这部电影改编自巴金的小说。 _____________________________________________________________ ④When you go to a foreign country, you must ____ yourself ___ the new manners and customs. A. fit; for B. adapt; to C. adapt; for D. suit; for Your house is always so neat---how do you _____ it with three children? A. manage B. serve C. adapt D. construct ⑤adopt(收养;采纳) 我们采纳了一种新的教学方式 ___________________________________________________ That is his _______________________(养子)son. ⑥adapt[Vt]---[n]___________________---[adj]___________________ adopt[Vt]---[n]___________________ III. Consolidation: 1. Choose the best answer; 1)The interest ______be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides.” declared the judge. (重庆 2004) A. may B. should C. must D. shall 2)---The room is so dirty. ______ we clean it? --- Of course. (北京春 2003) A. Will B. Shall C. Would D. Do 3)He’ strange --- he ____ sit for hours without saying anything. A. shall B. will C. can D. must 4)John, look at the time. _______ you play the piano at such a late hour?(全国Ⅲ2005) A. Must B. Can C. May D. Need 5)Tom, you _____leave all your clothes on the floor like this!(全国 II 2005) A. wouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not 6)You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman _____ be so rude to a lady. (上海 2001) A. might B. need C. should D. would 7)_____it rain tomorrow, the meeting would be put off. A. Should B. Would C. Could D. Must 8)A left-luggage office is a place where bags ____ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station. (全国 2003) A. should B. can C. must D. will 9)The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it ______be very slow. (浙江 2005) A. should B. must C. will D. can 10)We ____ have proved great adventures, but we have done the greatest march ever made in the past ten years. (2006 天津) A. needn’t B. may not C. shouldn’t D. mustn’t 11)Yesterday, Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she something she would regret later. (1996 上海) A. had said B. said C. might say D. might have said 12)---Has Tim started? He said he would join in the party. ---He_____________. He is a man of keeping his word.

A. could have left B. must have left C. can’t come D. won’t be coming 13) Only by constant study and changing our ideas can we ______to a changeable environment. A. attend B. adapt C. agree D. admit 14)---What's happened to Tom?I can't get into contact with him. ---I don't know. He ________lost. A. must have got B. could get C. might get D. may have got 2. Reading comprehension: For many people in the US, sports are not just for fun. They're almost a “religion”. Thousands of sports fans buy expensive tickets to watch their favorite teams and athletes play in person. Other fans watch the games at home,sticking to their TV sets,never missing a game. Many a wife becomes a “sports widow” during her husband's favorite season. Americans' devotion to sports has created a new class of wealthy people: professional athletes. Sports stars often receive milliondollar salaries. Some even make big money by appearing in advertisements for soft drinks,shoes and almost everything. Sports are an important part of American culture. Throughout their school life,Americans learn to play many sports. Many students try out for the school teams. Athletic events at universities attract scores of fans and benefit the whole community. Many people also enjoy noncompetitive activities,like hiking,cycling, horseback riding,camping or hunting. Many sports were imported from other countries. Europeans brought tennis, golf, bowling and boxing to America. Football and baseball came from other Old World games. Only basketball has a truly American origin. Americans export sports fever as well. Satellites broadcast games to sports fans around the globe. NBA is a good example. The names of American superstars like basketball great Michael Jordan have become household words all over the world. 1. Many a wife becomes a “sports widow” in the US probably because________. A. they are serious in religion B. they are devoted to sports C. their husbands stick to sports D. their husbands are missing 2. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. The US sports stars can earn a large sum of money via the media. B. American students go in for various sports and athletic events. C. Lots of American people take part in noncompetitive activities. D. American people like to exchange different sports from each other. 3. We can infer from the passage that________. A. all the Americans are sports fans B. sports culture influences the world C. most Americans like competition D. America has invented many sports 4. The writer mainly intends to tell us________. A. how important sports are in America B. where sports can help to make money C. why sports are so popular in America D. what affect Americans' everyday life


Period 4 Listening, Pronunciation and Everyday English Learning goals: 1)Improve pronunciation accuracy and practice listening skill. 2)Study some daily expressions. 3)Learn the intonation in exclamations. Learning methods: By self-study and cooperation. Emotion and Values: Improve students’ oral English level and deepen their comprehension of idioms and customs as well as culture of English speaking countries. I. Pre-learning: 1. words:
evolve_______________[n] ___________________ species _________________ extinct______________[adj] __________________ dinosaur _________________ consonant_________________ overnight __________________

come straight to the point_________________ throw light on_________________ die out ___________________ over a long period of time_________________ nearest relative ___________________ cause sb to do sth __________________ go for ____________________

II. Learning procedures: Step 1 Revision
1)The matter _____( relate to) your study surely requires ___( deal with ) carefully. 2)He _______( not / attend) the meeting this morning .He has been staying at my home for the whole day . 3) I can hardly ______ (生存)on the wage I’m getting, there is no money for entertainment. 4) 昨天晚上可能下雨了,地面有点湿。_________________________________________ 5) She______________________________________________, if you had given her more chances. 如果你多给她点机会,她可能已经取得更大的成绩。 6)士兵们被训练得能够适应各种艰苦的环境. 7)你怀疑他对你的感情,这是不公平的

Step 2 1.Group work: Match the words with their definitions.
(1) dinosaur (a) A bowl-shaped depression at the mouth of a volcano or geyser (2) carnivore (b) a large extinct reptile living on earth ever. (3) meteorite (c) a stony or metallic mass that has fallen to the earth's surface from outer space (4) mammal (d) the act or process of radiating (5) radiation (e) A flesh-eating animal (6) galaxy (f) a warm-blooded milk-producing animal like human being (7) crater (g) A sudden, often violent outburst (8) eruption (h) numerous stars, gas, and dust containing large amount of solar masses 2.Brainstorming: 1)How much do you know about dinosaurs?

2)Have you ever seen any films or read any books about dinosaurs? What interests you most? 3)In your opinion, why dinosaurs disappeared from the earth? Give your reason.

3.Individual work: Do Activity 1 on page 55 and 2 on page 56,then check the answers. Step 3 Listening 1)Listen to the tape and check the answers to Activity 2 on page 56 2)Listen again and fill the missing words in the listening passage
Good afternoon, and welcome to this week’s①___________ of Mysteries of Nature. Today’s topic is a ②_____________one--- it’s③______________, those strange creatures which ④_____________ the earth for no less than two hundred million years, some of them were ⑤______________eaters, others were like the infamous Tyrannosaurus Rex, carnivores who lived off meat and who ⑥__________ the more peaceful plant⑦ dinosaurs. Not all dinosaurs were big --- some were the ⑧ of chickens, and in fact the⑨ things to dinosaurs living today are actually birds. But the ⑩ we are going to talk about today is why the dinosaurs suddenly (11) _________________exactly 66 million year ago, and to(12)__________________light on the subject we’ve invited one of the world’s foremost (13)_________________on the subject, from the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford, Dr Roger Binfield.

3) Listen to the second part again and do Activity 4, 5 and 6 on page 56. 4)Work in pairs and discuss which theory is most likely and why. Step 4 Pronunciation Do Activity 1and 2 on page 58. Step 5 Everyday English Do Activity on page 58. Step 6 Language Points
1. die out 逐渐消灭,灭绝 ①这个部落的传统生活方式正在逐渐消失。 The tribe’s __________________way of life ______________________________ ②那种鸟的栖息地正受到破坏,几乎绝种。 The bird’s habitat is _________________________and it has ___________________ 2. throw light on 阐明某事;帮助弄清楚 ① 他答应对他的新计划解说的更清楚些。 He promised ________________________________________his new plan ② 这些发现可能会使人进一步了解宇宙的起源。 These discoveries may __________________________ the _________ of the universe 3. come straight to the point ①他从不绕弯子;他喜欢开门见山。 He never ________________________; he likes ____________________________ ②到了关键时刻,我愿为此辞职。 When ___________________________,I am ___________________resign over this ③ She is young, but that’s_______________. A. at this point B. beside the point C. to the point D. up to a point III. Consolidation: 1.近义词辨析: A. die away/die of/die from/die out/die down 1)As a UN report warns, animals ______ at a speed 100 times faster now than any time in the past. 2)It took a long time before the excitement ______.

3)The old man ______ sadness after his son’s death. 4)The soldier ______ a wound in the breast. 5)The sound of the engine ______ as the car drove into the distance. B. adopt adapt adjust 1)It is a play _________________________a novel. 2)Our school has ___________________a new teaching method. 3)He ___________________________ the new surrounding soon. 4)We’d better make some ________________________ (调整)to the arrangement. C. thanks to, due to, because of 1)This case is _____________________ go to court(开庭)next month. 2)___________________the Asian crisis, the company’s ____________(利润) fell _________15%. 3)___________________the treatment, her condition has improved. D. would be used to do be/get used to doing used to do 1)他已习惯于做艰苦的工作了 。 He ____________________________________on difficult assignments. 2)我过去喜欢园艺,但现在了没时间去弄。 I ______________enjoy _____________,but I don’t have time for it now. 3)用来做椅子的这种木材很昂贵。 This kind of wood ________________________make chairs is very expensive. 4)我们过去在冬天的晚上常常围坐在火炉旁。 __________winter evenings, we _____________ around the fire. 2. Rewrite the sentences 1)It seems that he has been to America. 2)It appears that he has been to America. 3)It is said that the book has been translated into English 4)He claimed that he hadn’t done it, but I didn’t believe him. 5) He claimed to have met the emperor, but I didn’t believe him 3. Error-correction: (10 mistakes) I often quarrel about my mother over whether I can watch TV after school. She holds view that Senior Three students have to make fully use of every minute to work hard at their lessons. It seems to me that once I am allowed to do that, I'll unable to control myself and forget all about my study. She also thinks it is bad for my eye. But I really can't accept her ideas. In my opinion, watch TV can set my mind at rest after a day's hard works. Besides, it is important for us to know what had happened at home and at abroad. Thus, we shouldn't be forbidden to watch TV. 4. Cloze Test “What's happened to the bottle of sleeping pills (安眠药)?” He couldn't find it in its __1__ place on a shelf in the bathroom. “What have you done with it?” He asked his wife. She said that she hadn't __2__ it,and told it was probably under his nose,if he __3__ only open his eyes and __4__,“you men can find nothing!” But after she had come into the bathroom to look,she had to say it wasn't there. He went into their son's bedroom to__5__ him his bedtime story. On the floor there lay a bottle, the__6__ he'd been looking for,but it was empty. A sudden wave of __7__ flowed up from his stomach.

“David, what have you__8__ with those pills which were in that bottle?” David looked __9__.He knew he had done something wrong. He was going to be punished. “Did you eat them?” David nodded. “How __10__ did you eat?” No wrong. He called his wife. She came,realized what had happened and went __11__.There must have been 25 or 30 pills__12__ in the bottle. He can't take them__13__,but there were no sleeping pills on the floor or in David's bed or along the way from his bedroom to the __14__. “__15__ an ambulance,quick!” Within five minutes,the ambulance arrived,and David,__16__ in blanket,his mother and father were __17__ to the nearest hospital. “Put the boy on the stomach pump at once, said the doctor, soon as he heard the __18__.They could hear David crying as they sat in the ” as waiting room. Then the crying stopped and the doctor came back. “Luckily you __19__ him quickly. The pills didn't have__20__ to dissolve (溶解) in his stomach,so we got them all out. He is going to be all right.” They took David home in a car and locked the bathroom the next day. 1. A. first B. last C. hiding D. usual 2. A. found B. done C. felt D. touched 3. A. had B. needed C. would D. should 4. A. watch B. look C. see D. find 5. A. read B. give C. hear D. see 6. A. pills B. boy C. one D. story 7. A. surprise B. worry C. anger D. joy 8. A. played B. read C. done D. eaten 9. A. happy B. frightened C. excited D. funny 10. A. long B. much C. soon D. many 11. A. white B. red C. black D. yellow 12. A. left B. eaten C. taken D. forgotten 13. A. at all B. all C. himself D. both 14. A. kitchen B. bathroom C. sitting room D. stairs 15. A. Send B. Ask C. Call D. Take 16. A. packed B. put C. dressed D. wrapped 17. A. led B. rushed C. moved D. brought 18. A. news B. lesson C. fact D. cry 19. A. sent B. took C. brought D. found 20. A. place B. time C. condition D. water


Period 5 Cultural Corner and Summary Learning goals: 1)Learn about the dragon in the east and in the west. 2)Learn some important words and expressions. 3)review what we have learnt in this module. Learning methods: 1)Fast reading to get the general idea of the text. 2)Intensive reading to understand the passage better. 3)By self-study and cooperation. Emotion and Values: Develop the patriotic feeling and broaden the cultural background knowledge and raise awareness of foreign culture. I. Pre-learning: 1.Some important words:
indicate[Vt]________________[n]__________________ fierce_______________ destruction[n]_________________[Vt]_______________[adj]__________________ generous[adj]__________________[n]____________________ emperor______________ unpredictable__________________[adj]_________________[反]__________________[Vt] identity[n]_________________[Vt]___________________ border________________ fortune_____________________ [adj]__________________算命人_____________________

2.Expressions: find the phrases in the textbook and translate them into Chinese.
due to _________________ go for __________________ be generous with___________________ grow out of ___________________ a sense of national identity________________________ cause death _______________ of a different color ____________________ in the year of the dragon ________________ have a good reputation__________________ identity card_____________________

II. Learning procedures: Step 1 Revision
1)We are warned that if we continue to destroy the environment, many more animals and plants will become e______. 2) Many beautiful fishes are fast d _____________because of the severe pollution. 3)A sociologist made a speech at the meeting _____the fact ______stay-at-home children have aroused the public concern widely. A. threw light on; that B. throwing light on; that C. to throw light on; which D. throwing light on; which 4)Polar bears ________fast as a result of global warming so proper measures must be taken now. A. died out B. are dying out C. would die out D. die out 5)The oranges are delicious . I’d like to have __third one because __ second one is rather too small. A. a; a B. the ; the C. a ; the D.the ; a 6)这些发现可能有助于进一步了解宇宙的起源。(throw light on) 7)他开会时总是开门见山,简洁明了,这一点很受我们的欢迎。 (come straight to the point)

Step 2

While reading

1. Skimming:
1)What do Chinese think of dragons? 2)What do westerners think of dragons? 3)Why should the dragon have a different character in different part of the world? 4)Do you know about any other animals that have different reputations in China and in the west?

2.Scanning: Read the passage and fill in the blanks by using the key words from the passage.
People talk about (1) almost everywhere in the world but have(2)______________ opinions. In(3)_______________culture, dragons are generous and (4)________________.The dragon was closely (5)______________ to the royal family. According to popular belief, (6)_____________you were born in the year of the dragon, you are (7)___________________, brave and a natural leader. But in the west, most people think (8)_____________________of the dragon. It is said that in an old English story a man kills a (9)______________ dragon and the man is called by people a(10)_________. The reason (11)________________westerners dislike dragons is that the idea of the dragon came from the(12)_________________, an animal which people (13)_______________and were afraid of. But the idea of the dragon in China came from alligator, an animal which is a good (14)_____________ for agriculture, so the Chinese people think dragons can bring good (15)________________ to them.

Step 3. Language Points
1. indicate [vt] ① 表明,示意;我向他表明我会来的。____________________________________ ② 指出,指示;电梯上方的灯指示那时电梯在十五楼。 ________________________________________________________________ ③ 是…的征兆,是…的迹象;红色的天空往往是第二天天气晴朗的预兆 ____________________________________________________________________ ④There is a great deal of evidence _________ that music activities engage different parts of the brain. A. indicate B. indicating C. to indicate D. to be indicating ⑤He gave no __________________(显示;显露)of his own feeling at all. 2. fortune [ n] ①他开矿发了大财。__________________________________________ ②我很幸运通过共同的朋友认识了迈克。 _______________________________________________________________ ③给某人算命 _________________________________ ④祸不单行_________________________________ 3. identify ①其中两名嫌疑犯已被目击者认出。 Two of the suspects have _______________________by witnesses. ②在很多情况下人们的穿着显示出他们的社会阶级. In many cases, the clothes people wear _____________them as belonging to a _________ ③The identification of the crash victims was a long and hard task. Chinese:_________________________________________________ ④Each product has a number for easy__________________________. 4. go for ①我想要水果沙拉 ②这听起来是个极好的主意,努力去实现吧. It sounds a good idea. Just ________________it. ③ I told him to work harder, and this goes ______you, too.

A . in B. to C. into D. for 5. stick out ①从毯子底下伸出了一双脚。A pair of feet___________________________________. ②他走上台的时候骄傲地挺起胸。 He________________________ proudly as he stepped __________________________ ③His bony elbows stuck out through holes in his jacket. Chinese:_______________________________________________ 6. be of ①这项研究将会令许多人都极感兴趣。 The research will be ______________________to many people. ②This advice is very significant.= This advice is ___________________________ ③我们的谈话无关紧要.Our conversation was _________________________________ ④The painting is very valuable = The painting is__________________________ 7. destroy damage injure hurt ①这次事故中有两人受重伤。 ___________________________________________ ②这辆小轿车在这次事故中损坏了。______________________________________ ③他的话深深的伤害了我。 _____________________________________________ ④地震摧毁了这座美丽的城市。__________________________________________ III. Consolidation: (self test)

1)Useful expressions.
1. 和……密切联系______________________ 3. 民族身份意识_____________________ 5. 产生自__________________________ 7.在…表面 _____________________ 9.不可能做 _______________________ 11 灭绝; (火)熄灭 ____________________ 13.帮助弄清楚;阐明某事 _______________ 15.接近 _____________________________ 17.对...怀疑 ________________________ 19.对…进攻 _______________________ 2.根据___________________ 4.由于___________________ 6. 伸出;突出 ______________ 8.声称做某事 ____________________ 10.占有…面积 ___________________ 12.适应 ________________________ 14.谈正题;开门见山________________ 16.清楚地看到____________________ 18.再次成为新闻 ___________________ 20.在第一次目击时 _______________

2)Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1. The dragon was closely connected __________ the royal family 2. The emperor’s robes have a symbol of a gold dragon ___________ five claws. 3. …, but with fewer claws and ___________ a different color. 4. However, ____________ the border of Wales, the red dragon is a positive symbol. 5…, but which is only seen when there is plenty of water---- a good sign __________ agriculture.

3)Word spelling
1.Your uncle is very g ______________to buy you that car for your birthday. 2.If he had done anything wrong he would have lost his r__________. 3.Everything i_________ that the work is over, so we can go home now. 4.The d___________ of the railway by the floods was a big loss for the country. 5.When he got back, he told the___________(皇帝) that the cloth was beautiful indeed. 6.The bell__________(indicate) the end of the period rang, ___________(interrupt) our heated discussion.


2.任何同意这个计划的人举起手。 3.自从上世纪初这种怪物已经灭绝了。 4.由于这场大雨他不可能来这里了。 5.他声称见过这种已经绝迹了的怪物. 6.在远处我看见大火熄灭了.

5)Choose the best answer.
1.---Look at the rainbow!It's over there! ---Oh,it ________it will be fine tomorrow. A. predicts B. signs C. indicates D. resorts 2. When Jason failed to pay his bill,the network company ________his Internet connection. A. cut off B. cut back C. cut short D. cut down 3.After the long police investigation the ________of the killer is still completely unknown. A. fortune B. reputation C. evidence D. identity 4.The feeling between them ________as time went by. A. died out B. died down C. died back D. died off 5.I believe the teacher's explanation will ________this puzzling problem. A. throw light on B. come to light C. see the light D. make light of 6.He claims _____ the President, but I don’t believe him. A. meeting B. having met C. to meet D. to have met 7. Mary seems ______ about the bad news , for she looks nice and happy. A. not to have learned B. not to be learning C. not having learned D. not to be learned 8.Enemy forces have _____ an attack on the city. A. made B. given C. brought D. taken 9.He is disappointed. He appeared ____ the maths exam. A. to not fail B. not failing C. not to fail D. to have failed 10.I ______ escape from the big fire with his help that day. A. was able to B. can C. could D. am able to 11. It’s nine o’clock in the evening . He _____ to bed, for the lights are out. A. must have gone B. must go C. can’t go D. can have gone 12. _____ second experiment failed. Can you have ____ third try? A. A; the B. A; a C. The ; a D. The ; the 6)Reading Comprehension. A As the sound of footsteps behind her grew louder,she quickened her pace. She didn't want to turn around as the memory of that morning's newspaper headline made her afraid of what she would see:“City Killer Claims Fourth Victim”. “Why did I stop for a few drinks in the bar after work?” she thought to herself. Now it was dark and the streets deserted. She was alone and a_sitting_duck. She felt as if she was walking in the rain. Her clothes were damp from nervous sweat and as each short hot breath hit the night air,it turned to steam,coating her glasses in a thin film so all she saw seemed

covered in fog. The footsteps were closer now. She needed to get off this street. Her eyes began a useless search for an open store or lighted window. Passing a small lane she looked through,for a possible escape route. But the lane was a dead-end and she laughed to herself at the irony. The sound of a car behind her turning onto the street interrupted her self-pity. Escape was at hand. But as she was about to throw herself onto the road and shout for the car to stop,the car's headlights cast a shadow that paralyzed her with terror. It was the footsteps' owner. The figure was huge and in its raised arm it held what looked like a lead-pipe,no doubt the one that was about to claim victim number five. The shadow dissolved as the car passed by and disappeared into the distance. She felt a hand on her shoulder. It was all happening as if in slow-motion. She was waiting for her life to flash before her eyes like all those novels said it would—but it didn't. The only thing she thought of was her dear husband. She recalled phoning him from work that very afternoon and joking about,of all things,the city killer. It was a night full of ironies. There was a voice talking to her now but she was lost in thoughts of her fate and didn't respond. The hand then began turning her around. It was surprisingly gentle given what was about to come. She allowed it to guide her without resistance. She looked up. She recognized the face,but she didn't know from where. Its mouth was still talking to her but she couldn't understand. Then she remembered. The face belonged to the foreign looking man who had served her at the bar. She looked down to his hand and saw in it not a lead-pipe but a rolled up copy of a work report she had been correcting in the bar as she drank. His words suddenly started to register in her brain and she could hear him. “Miss,Miss. Are you OK? You left this in the bar and it looked important so I thought I'd better give it to you.” 1. The woman was feeling nervous because ________. A. she had left her report in the bar B. there was a killer in the city C. she was being followed by someone D. the streets were dark and empty 2. The underlined expression “a sitting duck” (in Paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to“________”. A. an easy target B. a frightened person C. a foolish animal D. a still position 3. What is the correct order of events that happened to the woman on the day of the story? a. She went for a drink in a bar. b. She corrected the report. c. She heard loud footsteps. d. She read the newspaper. e. She called her husband. f. She felt a hand on her shoulder. A. d,c,a,e,b,f B. c,d,a,e,f,b C. d,a,b,e,c,f D. d,e,a,b,c,f 4. Why did the woman laugh when she looked into the lane? A. She was excited because she thought it may be a way to escape. B. She felt bitter because she had no chance to escape. C. She was becoming more and more nervous. D. She realized that she was behaving foolishly. 5. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A. It was raining when she left the bar. B. The woman had felt nervous about the city killer for days. C. The temperature was very low that evening. D. The woman was behaving unreasonably. B I used to watch her from my kitchen window. She seemed so small as she muscled her way through the crowd of boys on the playground. The school was across the street from our home and I would often

watch the kids as they played during break. I remember the first day I saw her playing basketball. I watched in wonder as she ran circles around the other kids. She managed to shoot jump shots just over their heads and into the net. The boys always tried to stop her but no one could. I began to notice her at other times, basketball in hand,playing alone. One day I asked her why she practiced so much. Without a moment of hesitation she said,“I want to go to college. The only way I can go is to get a scholarship. I am going to play college basketball. I want to be the best. My Daddy told me if the dream is big enough,the facts don't count.” Well,I had to give it to her—she was determined. I watched her through those junior high years and into high school. Every week, she led her school team to victory. One day in her senior year,I saw her sitting in the grass,head in her arms. I walked across the street and sat down in the cool grass beside her. Quietly I asked what was wrong. “Oh,nothing,” came a soft reply,“I am just too short.” The coach told her that at 5’5” she would probably never get to play for a top ranked team—much less offered a scholarship—so she should stop dreaming about college. She was heartbroken and I felt my own throat tighten as I sensed her disappointment. I asked her if she had talked to her dad about it yet. She told me that her father said those coaches were wrong. They just did not understand the power of a dream. He told her that if she truly wanted a scholarship and that nothing could stop her except one thing—her own attitude. The next year,as she and her team went to the Northern California Championship game,she was offered a scholarship and on the college team. She was going to get the college education that she had dreamed of. 6. The author was probably the girl's ________. A. neighbor B. friend C. mother D. teacher 7. Why was the girl heartbroken? A. She was considered too short to be a top player. B. Her coach stopped her training because of her height. C. She couldn't be on a college basketball team. D. She wouldn't be admitted by an ideal college. 8. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. her family wouldn't like to pay her college fee B. her father forced her to play basketball in college C. being a top basketball player can win her a scholarship for college D. she wouldn't like to turn to her father for help when in difficulty 9. Which word can best describe her father? A. Encouraging. B. Optimistic. C. Stubborn. D. Cruel. 10. Which proverb best matches the story? A. Practice makes perfect. B. Rome was not built in a day. C. Where there is a will,there is a way. D. Pride comes before a fall.

6) Guided writing.
起源于川剧的变脸,被认为是中国最神秘的传统表演艺术形式之一,它深深地吸引着世界各地的 人们。然而,现在只有很少的艺术家精通这项技术。曾金桂就是其中一位。请根据提示写一篇短文介 绍变脸这门艺术和变脸艺术家曾金桂。 1.自从他 1990 连退休后,便逐步形成了自己的爱好---制造面具。迄今为止,他已创作了 1000 多 个面具。 2. 精通变脸技术,他接二连三的变换着面具就像是变魔术。 3. 曾先生是著名的艺术家,他把自己的一生搜奉献给了变脸这门艺术。

参考词汇:变脸 face changing 川剧 Sichuan opera 题目研读:本文属于说明文。此类作文一般是客观地介绍、解释或说明事物,使读者获取知识和信 息。写作时还应注意要抓住特征,层次分明,条理清楚,力求用词的恰当和准确。 要点信息:①把…看作…. consider…as… ②源于 originate…from… ③以…著称 be known as ④对…产生兴趣 develop an interest in ⑤致力于 devote oneself to 连词成句: ①变脸艺术被认为是中国最神秘的传统表演艺术形式之一。 Face changing is considered to be one of the most mysterious forms of China’s traditional performing arts. ②自从他 1990 连退休后,便逐步形成了自己的爱好---制造面具。迄今为止,他已创作了 1000 多 个面具。 Since he retired in 1990, Mr. Zeng has developed his hobby-making masks. 范文: Face changing, better known as Bian Lian, originating from Sichuan Opera, is considered to be one of the most mysterious forms of China’s traditional performing arts. It attracts people from all over the world. But now, only a few masters are able to grasp the skill. Zeng Jingui is one of the few. Since he retired in 1990, Mr. Zeng has developed his hobby-making masks. Not only has he created over 1,000 masks so far, but also he is skilled to change his masks one after another, just like magic. As a well-known artist, Mr. Zeng has devoted himself to making masks and exploring the secret of face changing.

Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of 同步练习(100 分)
第一节 单项选择(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1. It’s reported that an___________ volcano went off again. A. existing B. extent C. extinct D. exact 2. How on earth does his speech__________ what we are discussing now? A. adapt to B. relate to C. join in D. connect with 3. Let Mrs. Danvers read the notice. She may be able to___________ it. A. take part in B. give help to C. draw attention to D. throw light on 4. Of the six people in the plane that crashed, only one__________. A. lived B. escaped C. survived D. saved 5. It’s bad news that quite a few rare animals are ________ each year. A. dying of B. dying out C. dying from D. dying away 6. ---Is it____________ that the spaceship will be launched within this week? ---No, I don’t think so. A. probably B. perhaps C. possibly D. likely 7. Peter____________ come with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure yet. A. must B. may C. can D. will 8. Do you know that our school____________ an area of 20,000 square meters? A. covers B. has C. embodies D. contains 9. Yesterday afternoon a traffic accident happened on the highway. It_____ careless driving. A. due to B. was due C. was due to D. due of 10. It has been my good___________ that my ideas have been accepted. A. fortune B. fortunate C. lucky D. duty 11. Time is limited. Would you please come___________ to the point? A. straightly B. direct C. straight D. indirectly 12. People think that____ serious problems and that there is still time to take action.

A. it exist B. there exist C. existing D. there have 13. The hero remained__________ in front of the enemy. A. calm B. calmly C. to calm D. harm 14. Facing the heavy and difficult task, all of us worked__________ night. A. in B. on C. over D. for 15. ---Who_______________ it be? ---It must be Professor Wang. A. may B. can C. might D. must 第二节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) Mrs. Jones was over eighty. She loved driving very fast and always took __16__ in the record __17__ she had never, in her thirty-five years of driving, been __18__ for her driving too fast. Then one day she___19___1osther record. A police car was following her and the policeman in it saw her ___20___ a red light without stopping. When she was brought ___21___ the judge, the judge said that she was ___22___ to drive a car and that the reason ___23___ she hadn’t stopped at the red light was probably that her eyes became weak with old age ___24___she had simply not seen it. After the judge’s words, Mrs. Jones opened her handbag, from___25___ she took out her sewing needle___26___ a very small eye and threaded it at her first attempt. When she has ___27___ done this, she took the thread out of the needle again and handed both the thread and needle to the judge and asked him to thread the needle ___28___ she did. The judge tried to do so. After half a dozen attempts, he had ___29___ not succeeded. The case against Mrs Jones was dismissed and her record ___30___ unbroken. 16. A. an interest B. part C. pride D. notice 17. A. an interest B. are C. that D. when 18. A. fired B. dismissed C. scolded D. punished 19. A. suddenly B. nearly C. certainly D. probably 20. A. knock into B. rush C. pass D. race 21. A. behind B. ahead C. before D. onto 22. A. so old B. very old C. old enough D. too old 23. A. for it B. in that C. why D. which 24. A. because B. so that C. as D. in order that 25. A. it B. which C. inside D. that 26. A. with B. of C. on D. in 27. A. nearly B. hardly C. aimlessly D. successfully 28. A. as B. like C. look like D. for 29. A. yet B. still C. too D. either 30. A. left B. remained C. was not D. seemed 第三节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A British scientists are breeding a new generation of rice plants that will be able to grow in soil containing salt water. Their work may enable abandoned farms to become productive once more. Tim Flowers and Tony Yeo, from Sussex University's School of Biological Sciences, have spent several years researching how crops, such as rice, could be made to grow in water that has become salty. The pair have recently begun a three-year programme, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, to establish which genes enable some plants to survive salty conditions. The aim

is to breed this capability into crops, starting with rice. It is estimated that each year more than 10 m hectares(公顷) of agricultural land are lost because salt gets into the soil and stunts(妨碍生长) plants. The problem is caused by several factors. In the tropics, mangroves(红树林) that create swamps(沼泽) and traditionally formed barriers to sea water have been cut down. In the Mediterranean, a series of droughts have caused the water table to drop, allowing sea water to seep(渗透)in. In Latin America, irrigation often causes problems when water is evaporated(蒸发) by the heat, leaving salt deposits behind. Excess salt then enters the plants and prevents them functioning normally. Heavy concentrations of minerals in the plants stop them drawing up the Water they need to survive. To overcome these problems, Flowers and Yeo decided to breed rice plants that take in very little salt and store what they do absorb in cells that do not affect the plants' growth. They have started to breed these characteristics into a new rice crop, but it will take about eight harvests before the resulting seeds are ready to be considered for commercial use. Once the characteristics for surviving salty soil are known, Flowers and Yeo will try to breed the appropriate genes into all manners of crops and plants. Land that has been abandoned to nature will then be able to bloom again, providing much needed food in the poorer countries of the world. 31. Which of the following statements about Flowers and Yeo is true? A. They are students at Sussex University. B. They are rice breeders. C. They are husband and wife. D. They are colleagues at an institution of higher learning. 32. Flowers and Yeo have started a programme_____________. A. to find ways to prevent water pollution B. to identify genes that promote growth in salty soil C. to breed rice plants that taste salty D. to find ways to remove excessive salt from soil 33. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a cause of the problem discussed in the passage? A. Natural barriers to sea water have been destroyed. B. The water table has gone down after droughts. C. Sea level has been continuously rising. D. Evaporation of water leaves salt behind. 34. The word "affect" in Paragraph 6 could be best replaced by "_________” A. influence B. effect C. stop D. present 35. The attitude of the author towards the research project is__________. A. positive B. negative C. suspicious D. indifferent B If there is one thing certain to get Brazilians dancing in the streets on their feet, it is the Rio carnival (狂欢节). Held in Rio de Janeiro, the country's biggest city, the carnival began on February 20 when the mayor gave key of the city to Rei Momo--the lord of misrule(无序之皇) on his orders, each year people turn the city into a paradise of dance and music, the following six days are so fun of parades, street dancing, fantastic clothes and partying(聚会)that many people forget about eating and sleeping. "It was the passion of the carnival that attracted me to Brazil and made me settle down in Rio.” Said Bob Nadkarni, a British man who has lived 'in the city for several years for many Brazilians. The centerpiece of the carnival is samba(桑巴舞), a typical Brazilian dance. Every year, tens of thousands of visitors and locals show off their passion and energy in the streets. Following the beat(节拍)of the Latin music, the climax to this street party is the float(彩车)parade, in which floats decorated with tons of fresh flowers by various samba schools and local communities move through the city. On the top of each float stands the candidate .for the drum queen, who is chosen at the end

of the party. While most people are free to enjoy the celebrations, Rio's police officers have to keep a clear head. Following the murder of three officers in a gunfight early last week, the Brazilian government has tightened security in Rio. The street fighting, robbery and sex crimes that accompany the carnival are very difficult to the police. Carnivals began in ancient Rome as a celebration at which people fed wild wolves, in honor of the city's founder who was said to have been raised by a she-wolf. Brazil gave a new life to this tradition and so. Despite the trouble, the carnival will remain a symbol of the country's culture. 36. According to the passage, during the carnival people in Rio did all of the following except A. dancing in the streets B. putting on colorful clothes C. eating a lot of food D. holding exciting parades 37. How long does the carnival last? A. Six days. B. A whole week. C. Eight days. D. The whole of February. 38. The underlined word "centerpiece" in the 3rd paragraph means_________. A. the most important part B. the middle part C. the central part of the city D. the most attractive decoration 39. According to the passage, Bob Nadkami is_____________. A. a Brazilian who has come back from Britain B. a British man who visits Rio for the carnival C. a British man who has come to live in brazil D. a Brazilian who is attracted by the carnival 40. Which of the following statements is incorrect? A. The earliest carnivals were held in ancient Rome. B. Carnivals were originally a tradition of the Brazilians. C. Carnivals were originally a tradition of the Romans. D. the Brazilians have integrated the roman carnival into their culture. C Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles The Ford motor company’s abandonment of electric cars effectively signals the end of the road for the technology, analysts say. General Motors and Honda’ceased production of battery, powered cars in 1999, to focus on fuel cell and hybrid electric gasoline engines, which are more attractive to the consumer. Ford has now announced it will do the same. Three years ago, the company introduced the Think City two-seater car and a golf cart called the Neighbor. It hoped to sell 5,000 cars each year and 10,000 carts. But a lack of demand means only about 1,000 of the cars have been produced, and less than 1,700 carts have been sold so far in 2002. “The bottom line is we don't believe that this is the future of environment transport for the mass market.” Tim Holmes of Ford Europe said on Friday. "We feel we have given electric our best shot. " The Think City has a range of only about 53 miles and up to a six-hour battery recharge time. General Motors’ EVI electric vehicle also had a limited range of about 100 miles. The very expensive batteries also mean electric cars cost much more than petrol-powered alternatives. An electric Toyot~ RAV4 EV vehicle costs over $ 42,000 in the US, compared with just $17,000 for the petrol version. Toyota and Nissan... are now the only major auto manufacturers to produce electric vehicles. “There is a feeling that battery electric has been given its chance. Ford now has to move on with its hybrid program, and that is what we will be judging them on," Roger Higman, a senior transport campaigner at Uk Friends of the Earth, told the Environment News Service. Hybrid cars introduced by Toyota and Honda in the past few years have sold well. Hybrid engines Offer

greater mileage than petrol--only engines, and the batteries recharge themselves. Ford says it thinks Such vehicles will help it meet planned new guidelines "on vehicle emissions" in the US. However , it is not yet clear exactly what those guidelines will permit. In June, General Motors and Daimler Chrysler won a court injunction, delaying by two years Californian legislation requiring car-makers to offer 100,000 zero-emission and other low-emission vehicles in the state by 2003. Car manufacturers hope the legislation will be rewritten to allow for more low-emission, rather than zero-emission, vehicles. 41. What have the Ford motor company, General Motor's and Honda done concerning electric cars? A. They have started to produce electric cars. B. They have done extensive research on electric cars. C. They have given up producing electric cars. D. They have produced thousands of electric cars. 42. According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe, battery-powered cars_________. A. will be the main transportation vehicles in the future B. will not he the main transportation vehicles in the future C. will be good to the environment in the future D. will replace petrol-powered vehicles in the future 43. Which auto manufacturers are still producing electric vehicles? A. Toyota and Nissan. B. General Motor’s and Honda. C. Ford and Toyota. D. Honda and Toyota. 44. According to the eighth paragraph, hybrid cars___________. A. offer fewer mileage than petrol driven cars B. run faster than petrol driven cars C. run more miles than D. offer more batteries than petrol driven cars 45. Which of the following is true about the hope of car manufacturers according to the last paragraph? A. Low-emission cars should be banned. B. Only zero-emission cars are allowed to run on motorways. C. The legislation will encourage car makers to produce more electric cars. D. The legislation will allow more 10w. emission to be produced. D More Than a Ride to School The national education association claims, "The school bus is a mirror of the community. "They further add that, unfortunately, what appears on the exterior(外部) does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community, they are right, and sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl Denson. Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl. Bruce Hardy, school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company has been Liesl's bus driver since kindergarten. Last year when Liesl's family moved to Parkesburg, knowing her bus went by her new residence, she requested to ride the same bus. This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus. She says, "It's been a great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you're a child, adults do not think that what you have to say is important. Mr. Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important. " Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree. Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975. This year he will celebrate 30 years working for Ahhouse Bus Company. Larry Althouse, president of the company, acknowledges Bruce Hardy's outstanding record: "You do not come by employees like Bruce these days. He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record, recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident free

miles. Hardy’s reputation is made further evidence through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus.” Althouse further adds, “Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality transportation ever since. My grandfather started the business with one bus. Althouse Bus Company is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for many more years to come.” Three generations of business is not all the company has enjoyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy, they have been building relationships through generations. Liesl’s mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District. 46. the word “mirror” in the first line could be best replaced by “__________”. A. vehicle B. device C. company D. reflection 47. How long has Bruce Hardy been working for Althouse Bus Company? A. For 30 years. B. For 70 years C. Since last year D. Since 2000. 48. Which of the following statements is NOT true of Bruce Hardy? A. He is cool B. He is good friend. C. He is impatient. D. He has driven 350,000 accident free miles. 49. Who founded Althouse Bus Company? A. Larry Althouse. B. Althouse’s grandfather. C. Liesl’s mother. D. Ashley Batista. 50. What has Althouse Bus Company been mainly aiming at? A. Making as much money as possible. B. Building up its fame. C. Developing its business. D. Providing the local community with quality service. 第四节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) Dear Ralph, I\'m a newcomer here of a small town. I would 51. ________ describe myself as shy and quietly. Before my classmates, 52.________ it seems always difficult for roe to do things well as 53.________ them. I'm sure they will laugh to me and see me as 54.________ a fool. So I feel unhappy every day. 55.________ Besides, I have few friends. I don't know that they 56.________ don't like to talk with me. Sometimes, we talked to each other 57.________ very well in class, but after class we become stranger at 58._________ once. I am trying to improve the situation since it doesn't 59._________ seem to work. Can you tell me about what I should do? 60._________ Yours Xiao Wei




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