当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 【名师A计划】2017高考英语一轮总复习 第一部分 教材知识梳理 Unit 5 Music课件 新人教版必修2_图文

【名师A计划】2017高考英语一轮总复习 第一部分 教材知识梳理 Unit 5 Music课件 新人教版必修2_图文

Unit 5 Music

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1.rollvt.&vi.滚动;(使)摇摆n.摇晃;卷;卷形物;面包圈 2.pretendvt.& vi.假装;假扮 pretendedadj.假装的;虚假的 3.attachvt.&vi.系上;缚上;附加;连接 4.formvt.(使)组成,形成,构成 5.passer-byn.过路人,行人 6.earnvt.赚,挣得;获得 earningn.收入 7.extraadj.额外的,外加的 8.instrumentn.工具;器械;乐器 instrumentaladj.乐器的;仪器的 9.performancen.表演;演奏 performvt.& vi.表演;履行,执行

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10.actorn.男演员;行动者 actressn.女演员 11.relyvi.依赖,依靠 12.broadcastn.广播;播放 vt.& vi.广播;播放 broadcast(过去式/过去分词) 13.humorousadj.幽默的,诙谐的 humo(u)rn.幽默,滑稽 14.familiaradj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的 15.attractiveadj.吸引人的,有吸引力的 attractvt.吸引;引起 vi.有吸引力 attractionn.吸引,吸引力;具有吸引力的人或事物

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16.additionn.加,增加;加法 additionaladj.附加的,额外的 addvi.加,增加;加起来 17.confidentadj.自信的;确信的 confidencen.信心;信任 18.Brief adj.简短的,简要的 n.摘要;大纲 brieflyadv.简要地;短暂地 19.devotionn.投入;热爱 devotevt.致力于;奉献 devotedadj.献身的;忠诚的 20.afterward(s)adv.然后;后来 21.sensitiveadj.敏感的;易受伤害的 22.painfuladj.痛苦的;疼痛的painn.痛苦

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1.dream of 梦见;梦想;设想 2.to be honest 说实在的,实话说 3.attach...to 认为有(重要性、意义);附上;连接 4.in cash 用现金;有现钱 5.play jokes on 戏弄 6.rely on 依赖;依靠 7.be/get familiar with 熟悉;与……熟悉起来 8.or so 大约 9.break up 打碎;分裂,解体 10.in addition 另外;也 11.sort out 分类 12.above all 最重要;首先

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1.后来,他们可能在酒吧或者俱乐部里演出,这样他们可以得到现金。 Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs,for which they are paid in cash. 2.弗雷迪和他的乐队无论去哪里都被人跟踪。 Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed. 3.他们的私生活被不认识的人们所谈论,而且谈论起来就好像是说亲密的朋友那样。 Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends.

To be honest,we attach great importance 1.to becoming rich or most of us have dreamed of becoming famous.However,most 2.musicians(music) form a band because of the same interest in writing and playing music.They give 3.performances(perform) in pubs,for which they are paid in cash.They may even play to 4.passers-by(passer-by) anywhere to earn some extra money to pay for their instruments.They hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires.The “Monkees”,5.which started in a different way,began as a TV show with musicians playing jokes and music in the program.6.Relying(rely) on other musicians’ help,they just pretended to sing during the broadcast.Their performances were 7.humorous(humor) enough to be copied by other groups.They were so popular 8.that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them.Only after a year or so did they became more serious about their work and they produced their own records and later became even 9.more popular(popular) than the “Beatles” in the USA.The band once broke up and reunited.In memory of their time 10.as a real band,they produced a new record in 1996.

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?pretend vt.假装;装扮 vi.假装;自称 Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan?你 在唱卡拉OK时是否假装自己就像是宋祖英或刘欢一样的著名歌手?(教材原句P34) She pretended illness as an excuse.她谎称自己有病,作为借口。 ◆常见用法 pretend to be+n./adj.假装…… pretend to do sth.假装做某事 pretend to be doing sth.假装正在做某事 pretend to have done sth.假装已经做了某事 pretend that...假装……

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I don’t pretend to know as much as he does about it.我不敢说我对此事的了解有他那样 多。 Sometimes the boy pretended to be asleep.有时候那个男孩假装睡着了。 The children pretend to be different animals dancing to the music.孩子们装扮成不同的动 物跟着音乐跳舞。 He pretended to be reading an important paper when the boss entered.老板进来时他假装在 看一份重要的文件。 ◆现学活用 单句填空 1.He pretended not to mind(mind). 2.He pretended that he was not at home when we rang the doorbell. 3.He pretended to be studying(study)when his mother stepped into his room.

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?attach vt.& vi. 系上,缚上;附加;连接 To be honest,a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous.说实在的, 很多人把名和利看得很重要。(教材原句P34) ◆常见用法 attach sth.to...把某物固定在……上;把某物附在……上 attach to sb./sth.(使)与某人有联系;与某事有关联 attach importance to 认为……重要 attach oneself to sb./sth.依附某人;参加某事 (be) attached to依恋;附属于 Attach a recent photograph to your application form.申请表上请贴一张近照。 The research unit is attached to the university.这个研究单位附属于这所大学。 Attach a label to each piece of luggage.每件行李上都贴上标签。

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◆拓展延伸 attached adj.(作表语) 附加的;依恋的;充满爱心的 attachment n.附件,附属物;忠诚;依恋 I’ve never seen two people so attached (to each other).我从没见过两个人(彼此)这样如 胶似漆。 ◆现学活用 单句填空 1.This middle school is attached(attach) to a college. 2.He attached a label to his baggage.

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?earn vt.赚得,挣得;使得到,使赢得 Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.有时他们会在大街上或地铁里对 着过路人演奏,这样他们就能赚取额外的钱留给自己或用来买乐器。(教材原句P34) She wants to earn name and fame.她想要名利双收。 ◆常见用法 earn (sb.) sth.(为某人)挣得某物 earn the name of...获得……的名声 earn money挣钱,赚钱 earn a wage/salary挣工资 earn a/one’s living 谋生;活命 earn good money/earn well 赚大钱

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earn a fortune 赚得很多钱,发大财 earn one’s keep挣钱糊口 His honesty earned him great respect.他因诚实而赢得人们的尊敬。 We older children were expected to earn our keep.人们期望我们这些大孩子自谋生路。 ◆现学活用 改写句子 1.He makes $3,000 a year by writing. →He earns $3,000 a year by writing. 2.The little girl made a living by selling matches on the street. →The little girl earned a/her living by selling matches on the street.

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?performance n.表演;履行,执行 Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs,for which they are paid in cash.后来他 们可能在酒吧或俱乐部里演出,这样他们可以赚取现金。(教材原句P34) ◆常见用法 give a performance 演出,表演一个节目 put on performances 表演 Bigbang will put on performances in Shanghai this week.Bigbang组合这个礼拜将在上海 演出。

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◆拓展延伸 1.perform vt.& vi.表演;履行,执行 perform an operation做手术 perform an experiment做实验 perform one’s promise履行承诺 2.performer n.表演者;执行者 The surgeon performed the operation.外科医生做了手术。 You shall perform the experiment the way they do.你们要按照他们的方法去做实验。 You should perform your promise.你应该履行诺言。 The students will perform an opera next Friday.这些学生下星期五将演出一场歌剧。

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◆现学活用 用performance的适当形式填空 1.He is going to perform magic at the party. 2.The performer juggled with knives and swords.

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?familiar adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的 They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them.他 们非常有名气,为了更好地了解他们,他们的歌迷组建了俱乐部。(教材原句P34) ◆常见用法 be familiar with熟悉的;通晓的 be familiar to为……所熟悉 sb.be familiar with sb.某人与某人亲密无间 I am not very familiar with European history.我不太通晓欧洲历史。 The word is not familiar to me.我不认识那个词。 Don’t be too familiar with him—he’s a dishonest man.别与他交往过密——他这人不 诚实。

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◆现学活用 用适当的介词填空 1.His name seems familiar to me. 2.Are you familiar with the computer software they use?

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?to be honest 说实话,实话说 To be honest,a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous.说实在的, 很多人把名和利看得很重要。(教材原句P34) To be honest,I don’t agree with you.说实话,我不同意你的看法。 ◆拓展延伸 1.be honest with sb.对某人忠诚/诚实 be honest in (doing) sth.在(做)某事方面诚实 It is honest of sb.to do sth.某人做某事是诚实的 2.honestly speaking说实在的;说真的 I shall be quite honest with you.我将对你完全坦诚。 I think she is honest in what she is telling me.我认为她很诚实地告诉我一切。

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◆现学活用 单句改错 1.To be honesty,the pay isn’t attractive enough,though the job itself is quite interesting.(honesty改为honest) 2.It is honestly of you to tell the truth.(honestly改为honest) 3.Honesty,I hate the students wearing long hair.(Honesty改为Honestly)

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?rely on 指望;依赖 As some of these actors could not sing well enough,they had to rely on other musicians to help them.因为一些演员唱得不好,他们不得不依靠其他歌手帮助他们。(教材原句P34) ◆常见用法 rely on/upon=depend on/upon信任;依赖 rely on/upon sb./sth.to do/doing sth....依赖某人/某物做某事 rely on sb./sth.for...依赖某人/某物来获取…… rely on it that...指望;相信

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As babies,we rely entirely on others for food.在婴儿期,我们完全依赖别人喂食。 These days we rely heavily on computers to organize our work.这些天我们在很大程度上 依靠电脑来安排我们的工作。 We have to rely on him to make the design.我们不得不仰仗着他来进行这项设计。 You can’t just rely on your parents lending you the money.你不能指望你的父母借钱给 你。 You may rely on it that I shall help you.你可以指望我帮助你。 ◆拓展延伸 reliable adj.可信赖的;可靠的

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◆现学活用 单句填空 1.Generally speaking,the limits of a person’s intelligence are fixed at birth,but whether or not he reaches those limits will rely on his environment. 2.Jack is very reliable(rely)—if he promises to do something he’ll do it.

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?break up 打碎;分裂,解体 The band broke up about 1970,but happily they reunited in the mid-1980s.乐队在1970年左 右解散了,但是令人高兴的是他们在80年代中期又重组起来。(教材原句P34) ◆常见用法 break up with sb.与某人绝交 break up sth.结束某事(婚姻、战斗等) The meeting broke up at eleven o’clock.会议十一点结束。 The boys will break up for the Christmas vacation next week.孩子们下周放圣诞假。 Their marriage is breaking up.他们的婚姻处于破裂状态。 He broke up the fight between the two gangs.他制止了两伙人打架。 She’s just broken up with her boy-friend.她刚与男朋友分手。

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◆拓展延伸 break down出故障,坏掉;失败;垮掉,垮下来;分解 break in破门而入;打断(谈话等) break into强行闯入;突然……起来 break out(战争、火灾等)爆发,发生 break away from脱离,挣脱 ◆现学活用 用break的相关短语的适当形式填空 1.I’m surprised to hear that Sue and Paul have broken up. 2.Everything was wonderful except that our car broke down twice on the way. 3.The robber broke into the bank,trying to take away money.

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?above all 最重要的是;首先;尤其 Above all,just have fun!最重要的是,玩得开心!(教材原句P40) He longs above all (else) to see his family again.他尤其渴望再见到他的家人。 ◆拓展延伸 after all 毕竟;终究,到底 first of all首先,第一 at all 完全,根本 in all 总计 all in all 总的来说

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◆词义辨析 1.above all意为“尤其是”、“首先”、“最重要的是”,常位于句首或句中作插入语,起强调 作用。 2.after all意为“毕竟”、“终究”、“终归”、“到底”,在句中位置较灵活。可位于句首、句 中或句末。 3.at all用于否定句时,意为“丝毫,根本”,可位于句末,也可跟在否定词后。 4.in all意为“总共;总之”,既可放在句首,也可放在句末。 ◆现学活用 根据括号中所给汉语意思,用all的相关短语填空 1.Above all/First of all(首先),we should try to motivate the students’ interest. 2.After all(毕竟),your birthday is only two weeks away. 3.There were twelve of us in all(总共) for dinner. 4.I haven’t got any idea at all(根本) about what happened.

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?“介词+which/whom”引导定语从句 Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs,for which they are paid in cash.后来,他 们可能在酒吧或者俱乐部里演出,这样他们可以得到现金。(教材原句P34) 1.当关系代词作定语从句的宾语时,常将介词提前,用“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句。 The man about whom you talked is kind.那个你谈到的男人很友善。 2.用“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句时,不可用 that 或 who。如果指“人”,用 “介词 +whom”;如果指“物”,用“介词+which”。 The park is a place to which I often go.那个公园是我经常去的地方。 My cousin is a person with whom I can discuss my homework.我的表哥是一个我可以与 他一起讨论家庭作业的人。 3.在非正式的场合中,介词可置于从句末尾处。此时,若关系代词作从句的宾语,可省略。 Literature is a subject (which) I know little about.文学是一门我基本上不了解的学科。

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◆拓展延伸 “名词/代词+介词+关系代词”结构用来引导定语从句,介词of前面可以使用 some,several,a few,a little,both,many,much等。 ◆现学活用 用适当的“介词+关系代词”填空 1.Oxygen is an important element,without which we cannot live. 2.The way in which we should solve the problem is practical. 3.Do you know the girl with whom our head teacher is shaking hands? 4.The boy made a hole in the wall,through which he could see what was going on inside the house.

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?双重否定句not/never...without...没有……不…… Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed.弗雷迪和他的乐队 无论去哪里都被人跟踪。(教材原句P38) 这是一个双重否定句,not 和without 用于同一个句子中,构成双重否定现象。 You can’t leave the country without a passport.没有护照就不能离开这个国家。

双重否定形式 谓语否定+ 状语否定

例句 You cannot make egg rolls without breaking eggs. 不打破鸡蛋,就无法做出蛋卷来。(有 失才有得。)

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双重否定形式

主语否定+ 状语否定

主语否定+ 谓语否定

例句 There is no success without hardships. 没有磨难就没有成功。(不经历风雨怎 么见彩虹 ?) None of us will leave school without learning anything. 我们毕业时定会学有所成。 Nobody does not believe in him. 人人相信他。(无人不信他。)

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双重否定形式 谓语否定+ 宾语否定 主语否定+ 宾语否定 否定词+否 定意义的动 词/名词/形 容词/副词

例句 I do not have nothing to say.我有话要 说。 No one has nothing to contribute to society.人人对社会都有贡献。 We don’t doubt that he will succeed in carrying out the experiment.我们相信他 会做好这个实验。

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◆现学活用 用双重否定结构完成句子 1.主席不在场,我们无法做出决定。 We can’t make a decision without our chairman. 2.他说他没有她就活不了。 He said he couldn’t live without her.

一、单句填空 1.(2015· 浙江高考改编)Listening to music at home is one thing,going to hear it being _____ (perform) live is quite another. 1.performed。根据句子结构可知,此处非谓语动词的逻辑主语是该空前面的it,也就是 music,与perform构成被动关系,所以根据语法规则应该用过去分词形式。句意:在家听音 乐是一回事,而现场听音乐会又是另一回事了。 2.(2015· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ改编)More students are taking a gap year (earn) money to support their study for the degree. 2.to earn。由句意可知此处是take...to do sth.结构。 3.(2015· 天津高考改编)You can talk to the robot,ask it questions,and make requests for it _______(perform) different tasks. 3.to perform。此处需用不定式作宾语补足语。

4.(2015· 四川高考改编)So I’m quite (confidence) that I can help you learn Mandarin. 4.confident。此处应用形容词作表语。句意:我坚信我能够帮助你学习普通话。 5.(2015· 江苏高考改编)People must be sensitive this possibility when they make volunteer activities a must. 5.to。be sensitive to sth.意为“对某物敏感”,为固定搭配。 6.(2014· 上海高考改编)Money alone is not the answer when companies come attack for their behavior. 6.under。固定搭配under attack意为“受到攻击”。 7.(2015· 浙江高考改编)We’ve lit up the night as if it (be) an unoccupied country,when nothing could be further from the truth. 7.were。as if后面的从句表示的是与现在事实相反的情况,故需用虚拟语气。

8.(2014· 重庆高考改编)It was John who broke the window.Why are you talking to me as if I ______it? 8.had done。打破窗户是过去发生的事情,在表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,从句 用过去完成时。 9.(2014· 天津高考改编)My parents always attach great (important) to my getting a good education. 9.importance。attach great importance to意为“非常重视”,为固定搭配。 10.(2013· 福建高考改编)The famous (music),as well as his students,was invited to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo. 10.musician。此处应用名词作主语,且谓语动词为was,故填单数名词musician。句意:那 位著名的音乐家和他的学生被邀请在2012年台北花博会的开幕式上演出。

二、单元话题微写作 音乐 根据提示,将以下句子连成一篇英语短文。 1.音乐是一种无国界的语言,在我们的生活中起着重要的作用。(border;play a role in) 2.音乐有很多种类,如爵士乐、流行音乐、古典音乐、民间音乐等。(kind;jazz;pop music;classical music;folk music) 3.大部分年轻人喜欢流行音乐,但也有一部分人喜欢古典音乐。(most of;proportion) 4.如果感到累或者心烦意乱的时候,我们可以听音乐,这很有帮助。(tired;upset;helpful) 5.每个人的生活都离不开音乐。(without)

Music is a kind of language without any borders in the world.It plays an important role in our life.There are many kinds of music,such as jazz,pop music,classical music and folk music.Most of the young people like pop music.However,there are still a small proportion who likes classical music.If you feel tired or upset,you may listen to some music.That will be very helpful.Nobody can live without music.


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