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2017-2018年度高中英语 Unit 3 Science versus natureSection Ⅴ Project讲义 牛津译林版必修5_图文

Section Ⅴ

Project

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Man and nature For a long time, our ①agriculture ['?ɡrIk?lt??(r)] n.农

environment has been damaged 业 agricultural adj.农业的

because careless.

humans have been People have harmed

②further adv.进一步;更远地;

nature through agriculture① , 而且,此外

fishing, hunting and tourism. We ③channel ['t??nl] n.水道;航道; further② damage the Earth by 隧道 building new channels③ in the

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sea and factories on the land, and ④we live on 为定语从句,修饰先 by creating pollution with 行词 the planet,从句中省略了
作 宾 语 的 关 系 代 词 that 或 chemical waste. We will some day which。 destroy the planet we live on④ if ⑤in this way 用这种方式

we continue in this way⑤.

⑥focus on 关注

However, if we focus only on⑥ ⑦suffer v.受苦;遭受 conservation, hen people may ⑧not everything ...“并非任何事

suffer⑦. Not everything that is best 情……”,表示部分否定;that

for nature is good for people⑧. 引 导 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰

Would anyone say that

everything。

[原文呈现] development should be stopped in favour of⑨ nature? From the point of view⑩ of some people, we are only doing ? what humans have always done, using nature to meet our own needs?. Other people argue that such thinking

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⑨favour ['feIv?(r)] n.赞同,支持; 恩惠,帮助;偏爱,偏袒 in favour of 赞同,支持
⑩point of view 观点 ?what humans have always done 是
doing 的宾语从句;现在分词短语 using nature ...作状语。 ?meet one's needs 满足某人的需求

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may cause a catastrophe?,
unless we start to look around and understand how a clean environment benefits? us all.

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?catastrophe [k?'t?str?fI] n.灾 难,灾祸
?benefit v.对……有益 benefit from 得益于

人类与自然 [第 1~2 段译文]
长期以来,由于人类的漠不关心,我们的环境遭到了破坏。 人类因农业、渔业、狩猎以及旅游业已经损害了自然。我们在

海里修建新的隧道,在陆地上建造工厂,产生的化学废物污染环境, 这些都在变本加厉地破坏地球。如果我们继续这样做,总有一天我 们会毁掉我们赖以生存的星球。
然而,如果我们只关注保护自然,那么人类就要受苦。并非一 切对自然最好的对人类也是好的。会有人说为了保护自然就应该停 止经济发展吗?根据有些人的观点,我们只是在做人类一直在做的 事情——利用自然来满足我们自己的需求。还有一些人则认为这样 的想法会带来大灾难,除非我们开始关注周围的环境,懂得清洁的 环境如何对我们大家有益。

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After decades of destroying
?use up 用尽 nature and using up? natural ?resource [rI's??s] n.资源

resources? , many developed ?developed nations/countries 发

nations? are now concerned 达国家

about? saving nature rather developing nations/countries 发展

than?developing or destroying it. 中国家

However, many poorer nations ?be concerned about 关心;关注

must focus on meeting the ?rather than 而不是,连接两个并

everyday needs of their people. 列的动名词短语。

In doing so?, they are using ?in doing so 为实现这一目标

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up natural resources at a fast pace○21 . ○21 at a fast pace 以飞快的

They have not yet seen the effects of the 速度
careless use of the environment like
many wealthy nations have○22 . Often they ○22 have 后面省略了 seen。

do not realize that the choices they make ○23 .be bad for 对……有害

are bad for○23 the environment. Should ○24 be blamed for 因……而

they be blamed for ○24 destroying 受责备

hundreds of thousands of acres○25 of

○25 acre ['eIk?(r)] n.英亩

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rainforest ○26 if it means ○27 a

better

income ○28

for

○26 rainforest ['reInf?rIst] n.雨林 their ○27 mean v.产生……结果;意味着

people○29 ? The developed and ○28 income ['Ink?m] n.收入,收益

developing countries of the ○29 if 引导条件状语从句。

world need to work together to ○30 make sure 确保 make sure○30 that people enjoy ○31 动词不定式短语作目的状语;that

healthy and happy lives, 引导的从句作 make sure 的宾语;

without the environment around them suffering○31 .

without the environment ... 为 “without+宾语+宾补”结构。

[第 3 段译文] 在数十年破坏自然、用尽自然资源之后,许多发达国家现
在关注拯救自然而不是开发或破坏自然。但是,许多贫穷国家 必须致力于满足其人民的日常需求。为了实现这一目标,他们 正在飞速消耗自然资源。他们还没有像许多富裕国家那样,认 识到随心所欲消耗自然资源的后果。他们往往没有意识到他们 的选择对环境有害。如果他们毁掉了几十万英亩的雨林,却使 他们的人民有了更好的收入,他们是否应该受到责备呢?全世 界的发达国家和发展中国家需要通力合作以确保人们过上健 康、幸福的生活,同时又不损害其周边的环境。

[原文呈现]
It should not be a question of humans winning and nature losing. Humans can only really win by protecting nature. After all ○32 , food has to be produced
in a healthy, natural system, and we all need clean air to breathe and pure water to drink○33 . It is mankind's responsibility to find answers that are good for everyone, and everything .

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○32 after all 毕竟;终究 ○33 动词不定式 to breathe, to drink
均作定语,分别修饰 clean air, pure water。
be good for 对……有益 it 作形式主语,动词不定式短 to find answers ...为真正的主 语;that 引导定语从句,修饰 answers。

[第 4 段译文] 这不应该是人类获胜、自然失败的问题。人们只有通过
保护自然才能真正地获胜。毕竟,粮食必须在健康自然的系 统中生长,我们都需要呼吸干净的空气,饮用纯净的水。找 到对每个人、对万物皆有利的解决方案,这是人类的职责。

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GM food:hope or danger? In recent years, there has been great progress in the study of genetics①. With this progress, doors have been opened up to technologies that never existed before②. While many people are excited about these new technologies, these same technologies frighten③ others.

①genetics [d??'netIks] n.遗传学 ② that 引 导 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰
technologies。 ③frighten ['fraItn] vt.使惊吓,使惊
恐 ④genetically modified 转基因的
genetically [d??'netIklI] adv.从基 因上,与基因相关 modify ['m?dIfaI] vt.调整,修改; 修饰

Nowhere is this truer than with ⑤nowhere 位于句首,句子用了倒

genetically modified④(GM) food⑤.

装语序。

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There are two ways in ⑥ in which 引 导 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰

which a plant or an animal can ways。

be genetically modified⑥. First, ⑦insert [In's??t] vt.插入,嵌入 new material can be inserted⑦ isert ...in/into/between ...把……插 into its DNA⑧ to give the plant 入……中

or animal qualities which it would never have in nature⑨.

⑧DNA [?di?en'eI] n.脱氧核糖核酸

⑨动词不定式短语作目的状语;其中

Second, material can be taken

from the DNA of a plant or an which 引 导 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰

animal in order to remove⑩ qualities。

qualities which are not desired. ⑩in order to remove ...作目的状语。

转基因食品:是希望还是威胁? [第 1~2 段译文]
近年来,遗传学研究有了巨大的进步。由于这个进步,通向前 所未有的科技的大门打开了。尽管许多人对这些新技术兴奋不已, 而同样的技术也让另外一些人害怕。转基因食品就是最好的例子。
可以通过两种方法改变动植物基因。第一种方法是在动植物 原有的 DNA 中插入新的物质,这样可以让动物或植物具有本质上 没有的特性。第二种方法是移除动植物 DNA 中原有的物质,这样 可以去除掉动植物原本具有的但人们不想要的一些特性。

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One aim of GM research is? to produce food which will make us healthier?. So far, this technology has been used to produce plants which are better able to defend themselves against ? pests ? and disease?. Supporters of GM food

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?动词不定式短语作表语;which 引导定语从句,修饰 food。
?make us healthier 为“make+ 宾语+宾补”结构。
?defend ...against ...保护……不 受……侵犯
?pest [pest] n.害虫 ? which 引 导 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰
plants。

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argue that GM plants are healthier and have larger harvests. While there has been research in GM animals such as? pigs?, no GM meat is being sold at present?.
Many questions have been raised? about GM food. No one really knows whether it is safe for

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?such as 例如,用于列举事物, 用在所列举的事物之前,其后 不用逗号。 for example 例如,用于举例说 明,位置较灵活,前后通常都 用逗号隔开。
?while 引导让步状语从句,while 意为“尽管”。
?at present 目前,现在 ?raise vt.提出

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animals or humans to eat?. Scientists admit that more tests should be done on GM food. Research has been limited to 2○1 increasing production profits2○2, rather than2○3 making sure that GM foods are safe. GM food could therefore be dangerous to eat.

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?whether 引导的从句作 knows 的 宾语;it is safe for animals or humans to eat 为“It is +adj.+ for sb./sth.+to do sth.”句式。
○21 be limited to 局限于…… ○22 profit ['pr?fIt] n . 利 润 , 收 益
vi.&vt.获益;对……有用
○23 rather than 而 不 是 would
rather 宁愿

[第 3~4 段译文] 转基因研究的一个目的就是生产可以让我们更加健康的食
品。到目前为止,这项技术已被用于生产能更好地抵御害虫和疾 病的植物。转基因食品的支持者认为转基因植物更加健康,产量 也更高。虽然现在也有转基因动物研究,如对猪的研究,但目前 还没有转基因肉类销售。

人们提出了许多关于转基因食品的问题。没有人真正 知道转基因食品是否可供动物或人类安全食用。科学家承 认应该对转基因食品做更多的测试。(目前的)研究仅局限 于增加产品收益,而不是确保转基因食品的安全。因此食 用转基因食品有可能是危险的。

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There is also a question as to ○24 whether GM plants are safe for the environment ○25 . Since GM crops are planted outside○26 , they are part of the food chain ○27 — insects and other animals eat them or use

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○24 as to 至 于 as for 至 于 , 就……而言
○25 whether 引导的从句作 as to 的 宾语。
○26 since 引导原因状语从句。 ○27 food chain n.食物链
chain [t?eIn] n.一系列;一连 串(人或事)

[原文呈现]
their products, and these insects and animals will be eaten by yet other animals. No one knows what effects the GM material might have on○28 the food chain○29 .
Since no one really knows whether GM food is safe, many countries have hesitated

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○28 have an effect on 对……有影响
○29 what 引导宾语从 句,what 在从句 中作定语。

[原文呈现]
to give○30 permission○31
for the production of GM foods, as they would rather be cautious with this new technology○32 .

[读文清障]
○30 hesitate to do sth. 犹豫着做某事 ○31 permission [p?'mI?n] n.准许,许可,批
准 give permission 批准 ○32 as 引导原因状语从句。as 引导原因状语 从句时,表示比较明显或双方已知的原 因,放在主句前、后均可。

[第 5~6 段译文] 还有一个问题是转基因植物是否对环境是安全的。转基因
作物生长在户外,因而它们成为食物链的一部分——昆虫以及 其他动物会吃这些作物或者它们的果实,而这些昆虫和动物又 会被其他动物吃掉。没有人知道转基因物质会给食物链带来什 么影响。
由于没有人真正地知道转基因食品是否安全,许多国家在 是否允许生产转基因食品的问题上犹豫不决,他们宁愿对这项 新技术持谨慎的态度。

Step 1 Read the texts carefully and choose the best answers. 1.People have harmed nature through all of the following activities

except

.

A.fishing

B.agriculture

C.tourism

D.breathing

2.According to this passage all of the following statements are

true except that

.

A.building new channels in the sea will do harm

to the Earth B.building factories on the land will further damage

the Earth C.building more roads will destroy the Earth

D.creating pollution with chemical waste will harm

the Earth

3.A clean environment will benefit us all if

.

A.development is stopped in favour of nature

B.all nations are concerned about saving nature

C.natural resources are used up

D.we use nature to meet our own needs

4.Which statement about poorer nations is FALSE according to the passage? A.Poorer nations must focus on meeting the everyday needs of their people. B.Poorer nations are using up natural resources at a fast pace. C.Poorer nations have not seen the effects of the careless use of the environment. D.Poorer nations have realized the choices they make are bad for the environment.

5.What will happen if we continue to destroy nature? A.We will destroy the planet we live on. B.There will be only plants left on the Earth. C.All the people on the Earth will live unhealthy lives. D.Humans will beat nature. 答案:1~5 DCBDA

Step 2 Fill in each blank with only one word according to

the texts.

Theme

Conservation and development

Reason for the damaged environment

Humans' careless 1.use of the environment
through agriculture, fishing, hunting and tourism, by building new channels in the sea and factories on the land, and by creating pollution with chemical waste.

Attitudes
Present situation

?According to the author, we may 2. suffer if we focus only on conservation. ?Some think using nature to meet what people need is their 3. usual practice, while others think it may lead to a catastrophe. ?Many developed countries accept 4._r_e_s_p_o_n_s_ib__il_it_y for destroying nature in the past decades and are willing to save nature. ?Many poorer countries haven't realized their fault for damaging the environment when they are running out of natural resources fast.

?It's necessary for the developed and developing countries to work together to live in a healthy and happy life.
Suggestions ?We should protect nature by producing food in a
healthy, natural system, and find answers that are good for everyone, and everything. ?We must have an understanding of how we
5.__b_e_n_e_f_it__ from a clean environment.

6. Approaches to GM food production Aim of GM research

?Adding new material to the DNA of a plant or an animal to give them needed qualities. ?Taking material from their DNA to remove qualities not 7. desired . To produce food to improve humans' health.

8. Doubt(s) about GM food

?No one knows whether GM food is safe to eat because research only focuses on production
9._p__r_o_fi_t_s_ instead of its safety.
?No one knows how the GM material might
10._a_f_fec_t_/_in_f_l_u_e_n_c_e_ the food chain, so it is
uncertain whether GM plants are safe for the environment.

一、 这样记单词
Ⅰ.基础词汇 1. channel n. 2. rainforest n. 3. acre n.

记得准·写得对
水道;航道;隧道 雨林 英亩

4. income n. 5. pest n. 6. profit n.
v. 7. chain n. 8. resource n.

收入,收益 害虫 利润,收益 获益;对……有用 一系列;一连串(人或事) 资源

Ⅱ.拓展词汇 1.agriculture n.农业→agricultural adj.农业的 2. favour n.赞同,支持;帮助;偏爱→favourable adj.有利的,
有帮助的,赞同的 3. permission vt. 使 惊 吓 , 使 惊 恐 →frightened adj. 害 怕 的
→frightening adj.令人害怕的 4.frighten n.准许,许可,批准→permit v.许可 n.许可证

记得快·记得多

1.不可不知的西方“度量单位”

①acre

英亩

②foot

英尺

③inch

英寸

④gallon

加伦

⑤Celsius (C)

摄氏

⑥Fahrenheit (F)

华氏

2.“收益,好处”多多 ①profit n. ②benefit n. ③earning n. ④income n. ⑤advantage n.

收益,利润 利益,好处 收益,收入 收益,收入 利益,好处,长处

3.盘点后缀-en 动词 ①frighten ②lighten ③darken ④strengthen ⑤lengthen

使惊吓;使惊恐 使照亮;使轻松 使变暗;使模糊 使坚强有力;巩固 使加长;使延长

二、这样记短语

记牢固定短语

1. in favour of

赞同,支持

2.point of view

观点

3.rather than

而不是

4.meet one's needs

满足某人的需求

5. at a fast pace

以很快的速度

6.be blamed for

因……而受责备

7.be good for

对……有益

8.defend ... against ...

保护……免受……

多积常用词块

1.chemical waste

化学废物

2.natural resources

自然资源

3.cause a catastrophe

引发大灾难

4.be bad for the environment 对环境有害

5.the developed and developing countries 发达国家与发展中国家

6.by protecting nature

通过保护自然

7.mankind's responsibility

人类的责任

三、这样记句式

先背熟

再悟通

1. ...many developed

nations are now

rather than

concerned about

连接两个并

saving nature rather 列成分或用

than developing or

于固定搭配

destroying it.

中,意为

……许多发达国家现 “而不是,

在关注拯救自然而不是 而不愿”。

开发或破坏自然。

后仿用
They are focusing on providing the services _r_a_th__er_ _th__a_n_d_o_i_n_g_ _r_es_e_a_r_c_h_. 他们的重点在于 提供服务而不是 进行研究。

先背熟

再悟通

后仿用

2....make sure that people

They debated

“without+宾

enjoy healthy and

for hours 语+宾补”属

happy lives, without the environment around

于with复合结 _w__it_h_o_u_t_a_ _d_e_ci_s_io_n__b_e_in__g_
构的变式,表

them suffering.

示某种附加的 _m_a_d_e_.

……确保人们能享有健

他们争论了几个

条件、特征或

康、幸福的生活,同时

小时,也没作出

结果。

又不损害其周边的环境。

决定。

先背熟

再悟通

后仿用

3.Nowhere is (1)nowhere是 this truer 否定副词,放 than with 在句首时引起 genetically 部分倒装。 modified (2)否定副词与 (GM) food. 比较级连用表 转基因食品 示最高级的肯 就是最好的 定意义。 例子。

①To have been caught in a sandstorm was a terrible experience. Nowhere c_o_u_l_d__w_e _g_o but to stay at home. 遇见沙尘暴是可怕的经历, 我们什么地方都去不了,只能 待在家里。 ②This could give her no g_r_e_a_t_e_r_p_l_e_a_su_r_e_. 这使她再高兴不过了。

1.(教材 P58)Would anyone say that development should be stopped in favour of nature? 会有人说为了保护自然就应该停止发展吗? in favour of 赞同,支持;有利于

in one's favour

赞成,支持;偏爱;对……有利

do sb. a favour/do a favour for sb. 帮某人一个忙

ask a favour of sb.

让某人帮忙

①He refused a job in a company in favour of a university appointment. 他拒绝了一家公司的工作,而接受了一所大学的聘请。 ②However, others are in favour of the inclusion because it is hard to say whether it will threaten the Chinese language. (2014·江苏高考书面表达) 可是,其他人赞同这一结论,因为很难说它是否会威胁到汉语。 ③Please do me a favour/do a favour for me and go to the shop for me. 请你帮我一个忙,替我去商店一趟。

④The decision went in his favour, which delighted him.

这一决定对他有利,这使他很高兴。

[名师点津] in favour of 是由“介词+名词+of”构成的短

语,类似的常用短语还有:

①in charge of 管理,负责 ②in need of

需要

③in honor of 纪念…… ④in control of 控制

⑤in praise of 表扬,赞赏 ⑥in place of 代替,取代

2.(教材 P58)From the point of view of some people, we are only doing what humans have always done, using nature to meet our own needs. 根据有些人的观点,我们只是在做人类一直在做的事情——利 用自然来满足我们自己的需求。 point of view 观点,态度,看法

(1)to the point off the point to the point of (doing) sth. be on the point of doing sth. from one's point of view ??
?
from the point of view of sb.?? (2)in one's view
in view of

简明恰当,简洁中肯 不切题 达到某种程度;近乎 正要做某事 依照某人的观点 根据某人的观点
在某人看来 鉴于……,考虑到……

①From the point of view of me, it's necessary for you to put away some money for your old age. 我个人觉得你有必要储存一些钱来养老。 ② From my point of view , students should spend less time on computer games or the Internet. 依我看,学生应该少花些时间在电脑游戏或网络上。 ③I was on the point of going out when the telephone rang. 我刚要出去,这时电话铃响了。

④You can stick to your own point of view, but in my view,

it's not worth the effort you will make.

你可以坚持你的观点,但是依我看来,你所做出的努力不值得。

[名师点津] 表示“就某人来看,某人认为”的短语还有:

①as for/to sb.

②in one's opinion

③as far as sb. be concerned ④from one's standpoint

3.(教材 P59)While many people are excited about these new technologies, these same technologies frighten others. 尽管许多人对这些新技术兴奋不已,而同样的新技术却让另外 一些人害怕。 frighten vt.使惊吓,使惊恐;吓唬

(1)frighten ... away/off frighten sb.to death frighten sb.into/out of doing sth.
(2)frightened adj. be frightened of (doing) sth. be frightened to do sth. be frightened that ...

把……吓跑 把某人吓得半死 恐吓某人做/不做某事 受惊的,害怕的 害怕(做)某事 害怕做某事 害怕……

①I will never be frightened into staying silent on this matter. 在这种事情上,我永远不会因受到恐吓而保持沉默。 ②Seeing the big snake, the little girl standing under the tree was frightened to death. 看到这条大蛇,站在树下的那个小女孩吓得要死。 ③Because my friend was frightened of losing his job, he said nothing. 因为我的朋友害怕失去他的工作,他什么也没说。

4.(教材 P59)Research has been limited to increasing production profits, rather than making sure that GM foods are safe. 研究仅局限于增加产品收益,而不是确保转基因食品的安全。
profit n.利润,收益 vi.& vt.获益,受益;对……有用

(1)make a profit (on ...) make/earn a profit of ... at a profit gain a lot of profit from ...
(2)profit from/by ...

(在……上)获利/赚钱 获取……利润 获利,赚钱 从……上获益匪浅 从……中获利/受益

①A company whose profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad. 在国内市场利润减少的公司可能会寻求国外发展的机会。 ②In recent years many football clubs have been run as business
to make a profit.
近年来,很多足球俱乐部都进行商业运作以谋求利润。
③He made a profit of fifty thousand US dollars on the deal.
他在那笔交易上获利五万美元。
④We gained a lot of profit from your advice.
我们从你的建议中获益匪浅。

5.(教材 P59)Since no one really knows whether GM food is safe, many countries have hesitated to give permission for the production of GM foods, as they would rather be cautious with this new technology. 由于没有人真正地知道转基因食品是否安全,许多国家在是 否允许生产转基因食品的问题上犹豫不决,他们宁愿对这项 新技术持谨慎的态度。
permission n.准许,许可,批准

(1)ask (for) one's permission ask permission for sth./to do sth. with/without (sb.'s)permission
get one's permission to do sth. (2)permit vt.
n. permit sb. sth. permit sb. to do sth. permit doing sth.

请求某人的允许 请求做某事的许可 在(某人的)允许下/未经 (某人)允许 得到某人的许可做某事 允许,准许 [C]许可证 批准某人某事 允许某人做某事 允许做某事

①The reason why I'm writing is to ask (for) your permission to translate your latest novel into Chinese. 我给你写信的原因是请求你的许可把你的最新小说译成中文。 ②It will be my great honor if I can get your permission to ta_k_e_
part in the summer camp. 如果我能得到你的许可参加夏令营,那将是我莫大的荣幸。 ③We can't go out alone without permission or stay out too late at night. 未经允许,我们不能单独外出或者是在晚上在外面待到很晚。 ④Visitors are not permitted to take (take) photographs. 参观者请勿拍照。

1.After decades of destroying nature and using up natural resources, many developed nations are now concerned about saving nature rather than developing or destroying it. 在数十年破坏自然、用尽自然资源之后,许多发达国家现在关 注拯救自然而不是开发或破坏自然。 (1)句中的 rather than 意为“而不是,而没有”,后可接名词、 代词、动名词、形容词、动词原形、介词短语等并列成分。 ①He is an explorer rather than a sailor. 与其说他是一个海员,不如说他是一个探险者。

②However, if I had to give up one of them, I would turn off the TV rather than switch/turn off my cellphone or cut off the Internet. 可是,如果我必须放弃它们其中的一个,我宁愿关掉电视而 不愿关掉我的手机或切断互联网。 ③We'd like to read books on the playground rather than in the classroom. 我们愿意在操场上看书而不愿在教室里看书。 [名师点津] rather than 起并列作用,有时相当于介词,有 时起连词的作用,其连接的两个成分的词性应该一致。

(2)rather than 连接两个并列的主语时,谓语动词依据前面的主 语确定。 ④Their mother rather than they is (be) to blame for the incident. 这件事应该由他们的母亲而不是他们负责。 (3)rather than 之后可以跟不带 to 的不定式,有时也可以接带 to 的不定式。其位于句首时,只能跟不带 to 的不定式。 ⑤Rather than stay here, I prefer to leave. 我宁愿离开而不是待在这里。

would rather do ... than do ... ??宁愿做……而不

would do ... rather than do ... prefer to do ... rather than do ...

???愿做……

other than

除了……

or rather

更确切地说

⑥He would rather beg in the streets than get money in such a

dishonest way. 他宁愿在街上乞讨,也不愿以这种不正当手段赚钱。

⑦There was nothing we could do other than wait.

除了等待以外,我们没有其他办法。

2.Nowhere is this truer than with genetically modified (GM) food. 转基因食品就是最好的例子。 句中 Nowhere is this 是部分倒装结构,表示否定意义的副词 nowhere 放在句首,故使用了部分倒装;nowhere ...truer than 结构是“否定词+比较级”形式表示最高级的肯定意义用法。 ①Nowhere could I see him, which worried me. 我到处都见不到他,这让我很担心。 ②I have never spent a more worrying day. 我从没有过过比这一天更心烦的日子。

比较级表示最高级含义常用的表达方式还有: ?1?比较级+than+any other+单数名词 ?2?比较级+than+all the other/the rest+复数名词 ?3?比较级+than+anyone else 他比他们班上其他任何同学都要高。 ③He is taller than any other student in his class. ④He is taller than all the other students/ the rest students in his class. ⑤He is taller than anyone else in his class. ⑥No one in his class is taller than he.

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Everyone in the class voted in favour of the dancing party. 2.Miriam was too frightened (frighten) to tell her family what
had happened. 3. From my point of view, human beings shouldn't develop an
emotional relationship with robots. 4.I have obtained a written permission (permit) from the
chairman.

5.They make a profit of ten pence on every copy they sell. Ⅱ.完成句子 1.是你而不是我要去野营。(rather than)
You rather than I are going to go camping. 2.哪儿你也找不到比这更好的玫瑰了。(“否定词+比较级”结构)
N__o_w_h_e_r_e_w__il_l_y_o_u_f_i_n_d_b_e_t_t_er_roses than these.

3.你未得到许可就使用汽车是不对的。(permission) You were wrong to take the car without permission .
4.别动,不然你会把兔子吓跑的。(frighten) Keep still, or you'll frighten the rabbit away/off .
5.在有些人看来,我们应该过低碳生活。(point of view) _F_r_o_m__the point of view of some people , we should live a low-carbon life.


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