高中名词从句练习题及答案详解 1. The place ___A____interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which B. where C. what D. in which A. which 用作关系代词，在定语从句中作主语。 2. Do you know the man __C_____? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke 2． "和谁讲话”要说 speak to sb. 本题全句应为 Do you know the man C. whom I spoke to.。whom 是关系代词，作介词 to 的宾语，可以省略。 3. This is the hotel ___D____last month. A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed 3. D. where 是关系副词，表示地点，在定语从句中作地点状语。 4. Do you know the year ___C___the Chinese Communist Party was founded? A. which B. that C. when D. on which 4. C. when 是关系副词，表示时间，在定语从句中作时间状语。 5. that is the day ___A___I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when 5．A. which 是关系代词，在从句中作 forget 的宾语。其他几个答案都 不能作宾语。 6. The factory ___C___we'll visit next week is not far from here. A. where B. to which C. which D. in which C. 解析同第 5 题。
7. Great changes have taken place since then in the factory ____A___we are working. 7. A. 解析见第 3 题。 A. where B. that C. which D. there 8. This is one of the best films ____A___. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked 8. A. 本句话的先行词应该是 films, 因此，关系代词 that 是负数概念， 其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态 have been shown。 如果句中的 one 前 面使用了定冠词 the，则 the one 应该视为先行词。 9. Can you lend me the book ___B___the other day? A. about which you talked B. which you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked 9. A. “谈到某事物”应说 talk about sth.。about 是介词，其后要用 which 作宾语，不能用 that。 10. The pen __C____he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which 10. A. with which 是"介词+关系代词"结构, 常用来引导定语从句.with 有 "用"的意思, 介词之后只能用 which, 不能用 that. with which 在定语从 句中作状语,即 he is writing with a pen. 11. They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ___C___sat a small boy. A. whom B. who C. which D. that
11. C. in front of which 即 in front of a farmhouse. In front of which 在 从句中作状语. 12. The engineer __C____my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom 12. D. with whom 引导定语从句.with whom 放在从句中即为: my father works with the engineer. 13. It there anyone in your class __D____family is in the country? A. who B. who's C. which D. whose 13. D. whose 引导定语从句, 在从句中作主语 family 的定语. 14. I’m interested in ____A__you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. which 14. A. that 引导定语从句, 因为先行词是 all, 所以只能选用 that 引导. 15. I want to use the same dictionary ___D___was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 15. D. the same……..as 是固定用法, as 引导定语从句时, 可以作主语, 宾语或表语.在本句话中, as 作从句的主语. 16. He isn't such a man ____D__he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as 16. D. such……… as 是固定用法, as 引导定语从句时, 可以作主语, 宾 语或表语.在本题中, as 作表语. 17. He is good at English, ___B___we all know. A. that B. as C. whom D. what
17. B. as 作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句。这时 as 所 指代的不是主句中某个名词，而往往指代整个主句的含义。as 在从句中 可以作主语、宾语。从句可放在主句后，也可置于主句前。在本句中,as 作宾语. 18. Li Ming, ___B___to the concert enjoyed it very much. A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him 18. B. Li Ming enjoyed it very much 是主句,with whom I went to the concert 是定语从句.with whom 放在从句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming. 19. I don't like ____C__ as you read. A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels 19. C. as 引导定语从句时通常构成 such…as 或 the same…as 固定搭 配，其中 such 和 same 修饰其后的名词，as 为关系代词，指代其前的 名词引导定语从句。 as 在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。Such 修饰 单数名词时,要用 such a……..,本题中 such books, such 直接修饰复数 名词. 20. He talked a lot about things and persons _____B___they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 20. B. things 和 persons 是先行词.当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示 人, 又表示物的名词时, 其关系代词要用 that. 21. The letter is from my sister, __D____is working in Beijing.
A. which B. that C. whom D. who 21. D. who 引导非限制性定语从句, who 作从句的主语. 22. In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of __C__are women. A. them B. which C. whom D. who 22. C. two thirds of whom 即: two thirds of the 2,000 workers. 23. You’re the only person ______I've ever met __D____could do it. A. who; / B. /; whom C. whom; / D. /; who 23. D. 先行词 person 后有两个定语从句, 第一个从句省略了关系代词 whom.因为, whom 作从句中 met 的宾语, 可以省略.第二个从句 who could do it. who 在从句中作主语,不可省略. 24. I lost a book, __A____I can't remember now. A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that 24. A. whose title 引导非限制性定语从句, whose title 也可以说成 the title of which 25. Last summer we visited the West Lake, ___A___Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what 25. A. for which 引导定语从句, 使用介词 for, 是来自于从句中的固定 短语 be famous for "以……..而闻名". 26. I have bought such a watch ___C____ was advertised on TV. A. that B. which C. as D. it
26. C. 当先行词被 such 修饰时, 引导定语从句的关系代词要用 as. As 在本从句中作主语. 27. I can never forget the day ____A___ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when 27. A. 两个先行词 the day 都是表示时间的名词, 但第一个空白处要填 的关系词在从句中作状语, 因此要用关系副词 when. 第二个空白处要 填的关系词在从句中作动词 spent 的宾语,因此要用关系代词 which 或 that 来引导定语从句. 28. The way ____D__he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D. / 28. D. 在 way、distance、direction 等词后的定语从句中，常用 that 来 代替“in (或其他介词) +which”、when 或 where，而 that 常可省略。 29. This is the reason ___D___he didn't come to the meeting. A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which 29. D. for which 在定语从句中作原因状语, 可用 why 来替代. 30. This machine, ___B___for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after 30. B. which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句. 31. The reason ___A___he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B.that; why C. for that; that D.for which; what
31. A. The reason why… was that….已成为一种固定句型，这一句中的 why 和 that 不能随意换位，也不能将 that 改成 because，尽管 that 这 个词在译文中可能有 “因为”的含义。 33. That is not the way ___A___I do it. A. / B.which C.for which D.with which 33. A. 解释见 28 题. 34. I have two grammars, ___D___are of great use. A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which 34. D. 主句中的 two 表明不能选 A.从句中的 are 表明不能选 B. both of which 用来引导非限制性定语从句. 35. I want to use the same tools ___C____used in your factory a few days ago. A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which 35. C. as 引导定语从句时通常构成 such…as 或 the same…as 固定搭 配，其中 such 和 same 修饰其后的名词，as 为关系代词，指代其前的 名词引导定语从句。as 在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。本题中 as 作从句的主语. 36. My neighbors used to give me a hand in time of trouble; ___B____ was very kind of them. A. who B. which C. that D. it 36. B. 非限制性定语从句常用 which 引导, which 表示前句话的整个含 义.
37. This is the magazine __D_____ I copied the paragraph. A. that B. which C. from that D. from which 37. D.
38. He is not such a man __D_____ would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as 38. D. 解析见 35 题.
39. You can depend on whatever promise ___A____ he makes. A. / B. why C. when D. whose 39. A. he makes 是定语从句, 从句前省略了关系代词 that. 40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit is, however, popular. A. that B. which C. it D. though 40. B. which is a bad habit 非限制性定语从句. 41. --- Did you ask the guard _A______ happened? --- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. A. what; that B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that 41. A. what happened 是宾语从句. all 之后 that he knew 是定语从句. 先行词是 all,所以关系代词只能用 that. 42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with The farmers, ___D____ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 42. D. years 是表示时间的名词, 用 when 引导定语从句, 是因为 when 在从句中作时间状语.第二个空选用 which, 引导一个非限制性定语从 句.
43. The number of the people who _______ cars ___C____ increasing. A. owns; are B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are 43. C. 本句话的定语从句是 who own cars. 其先行词是 people,因此, 定语从句的谓语动词要用复数的 own。本句话主句的主语是 The number of 指“…..的数目”，是单数概念。因此，主句的谓语动词要用 is。 44. During the day’s _____D___, he worked as a servant at the Browns. A. followed B. following C. to follow D. that followed 44. D. that followed 是定语从句，关系代词 that 在从句中作主语。 45. Is oxygen the only gas __A_____ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it 45. A. 先行词 gas 被 only 修饰，关系代词要用 that，而不用 which。 46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _____B__ he could see _____ was going on inside house. A. which; what B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that 46. B. through which 引导定语从句， through which 即 through the hole, 在定语从句中作状语。What 引导的是 see 的宾语从句，并作从句的主 语。 47. Is ____B___ some German friends visited last week? A. this school B. this the school
C. this school one D. this school where 47. B. 为便于理解，改写本句话：This is the school that some German friends visited last week. 不难看出， 作表语的 the school 是先行词。 that 引导了定语从句，因为 that 同时又作 visited 的宾语，所以被省略了。 其它选项结构不对。 48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. A. as B. that C. what D. who 48. A. 解释见 35 题。
49. I have bought two ball pens, _______ writes well. A. none of them B. neither of them C. neither of which D. none of which 49. C. 因为是 two ball pens, 并且定语从句的谓语 writes 是单数概念。 因此，C 是正确选项。 50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up. A. are being B. has been C. had been D. have been 50. B. 本句话中，主句的主语是 all, 为抽象概念。因此，其谓语应用 单数的 has been。关系代词 that 引导定语从句，并在从句中作主语。
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