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高考英语writing-skills


Writing Skills

How to get a higher mark in writing?

1.How to analyze the directions
(审题)? 2.What makes a good composition? 3.How to leave a good impression on teachers?

1.How to analyze the directions
Read the directions for the following information: ?title if possible (标题) ?tense and voice (时态和语态) ?person (人称) ?style (文章题材) ?the important points (list them out or underline them to make sure you won’t leave out one)(要 点要全)

2.What makes a good composition?
* make sense and all the important points are included ?beautiful language: beautiful phrases, expressions & structures, advanced vocabulary [ accumulate(积累) every day ] * few mistakes * well-connected, smooth, logical, clear, economical, tight, graceful

A good composition should be:

well-connected

clear

economical: Use fewest words to
say the most;

tight:

Don’t use masses of “ands”, “buts”, “ors”, etc.

graceful: Be pleasant to read.

3.How to leave a good impression on teachers? Please have a look at the two passages by two of you.
* keep your answer sheet clean and tidy * the important points should be attractive and usually in the given order * pay special attention to the first three sentences and the ending

Let’s write the composition

again in your test papers.

1. Read the directions and get the following information: ?title if possible (标题) unnecessary here

?tense and voice (时态和语态)
the present tense, the past tense, the present future tense, active or passive voice

?person (人称) the first person 第一人称 ?style (文章题材) 应用文 ?the important points (list them out or underline them to make sure you won’t leave out one)(要 点要全)

List the important points out/underline them: Why do you leave a message? (your purpose)
我去长城酒店找你,通知你去听演讲,但你不在.

What do you want to tell Mr. Smith?
1. When will the speech be given? 明天上午8点 2. Where…..? 科学宫 3. Who will be the speaker? 来自中山大学的王教授 4. What is the speech about? 一个关于污染问题的演讲

按所给路线图写明步行去科学宫的路线

1。科学宫离酒店不远,你可以步行去。 2。出酒店,然后向左转。 3。往前走。走到一个十字路口处向右转。 4。一直往前走,然后到达另一个十字路口。 5。在十字路口的右边,街道的拐角处有一邮局。 6。科学宫就在邮局的旁边。

2. Translate the Chinese phrases or sentences into English, using proper expressions. ①我去长城酒店找你,通知你去听演讲,但你不在. I went to your hotel. You happened to be out. So I left you a message. better: You happened to be out when I went to inform you that you will attend a speech. ② 演讲时间:明天上午8点 There will be a speech at 8 tomorrow morning. The speech begins at 8 tomorrow morning. The speech will be given at 8 a.m. tomorrow.

③演讲地点:科学宫 It will be given in the Science Palace. ④主讲人是来自中山大学的王教授 The speaker is Professor Wang. He is from Zhongshan University.

⑤ 讲座的内容:污染问题 The speech is about the problem of pollution. The topic of the speech is about pollution.
He will talk about pollution.

Let’s connect ②- ⑤ together

Is this paragraph well-connected ? Economical? 1.There will be a speech at 8 tomorrow morning. It will be given in the Science Palace.The speaker will be Professor Wang. He is from Zhongshan University. It is about the problem of pollution. 2.There will be a speech ______ which is about the problem of pollution in the Science Palace at 8:00 tomorrow morning. It will be given by Professor Wang _______ who teaches in Zhongshan University.

(better)

3. Professor Wang, _______ who is from Zhongshan University, will _________ talk aboutpollution in the Science Palace at 8:00 tomorrow morning.

(much better)
4. There will be a speech ____ on the problem of pollution in the Science Palace at 8:00am which will be given by Professor tomorrow, _______ Wang _______ from Zhongshan University.

(the best)

Show the way in English
1。科学宫离酒店不远,你可以步行去。 2。出酒店,然后向左转。 3。往前走。走到一个十字路口处向右转。 4。一直往前走,然后到达另一个十字路口。 5。在十字路口的右边,街道的拐角处有一邮局。 6。科学宫就在邮局的旁边。

Go out of the hotel and turn left. And you will come to a crossroads and turn right. Walk along the road and you will see another crossroads. On the left you will see a post office at the corner of the street. Walk along the street and you will find the Science Palace. Is it tight enough? Are there many “ands”?

Now let’s make it tight.

________ When you go out of the hotel, turn left. until you Walk straight down the street ______ come to a crossroads. Take a right turn there. till you see another Keep on walking _______ crossroads. ________ And then on the left you will see a post office at the corner of the street. The Science Palace is next to it. But is it logical enough?
Let’s make it logical.

The Science Palace is not far from your hotel, First , and __________, therefore you may walk there. ______ when you go out of the hotel, turn left. Second _______,walk straight down the street until you come to a crossroads. Take a right turn there. ______ Third keep on walking till you see another crossroads. ________, Finally on the left you will see a post office at the corner of the street, and the Science Palace is next to it. You won’t _______ miss it.

Enjoy a composition

with beautiful sentences and phrases
by Zhou Ping and Chen Jicheng.

You happened to be out when I went to your hotel. What I want to tell you is that there will be a speech to be given by Professor Wang from Zhongshan University in the Science Palace at 8 a.m. tomorrow. He will talk about the problem of pollution, which has a bad effect on our life.
Now let me show you the way. First, when you walk out of the Great Wall Hotel, turn left and then walk a few minutes until you come to a crossroads. Second, turn right and go straight down the road till you reach a post office. Third, turn right and it’s just a few minutes’ walk before you get to the Science Palace.

The speech must be a wonderful one, so you can’t miss it.

指路用语
1. 沿着此路走。

Go (straight) down this road/street.

Walk along this road/street.

2. 在第一个/第二个十字路口向右/左转。

Turn left/right at the first/second crossroads. Take a left/right turn…..
3. 坐三路车,在第三站下车。

Take Bus No.3 and get off at the third stop.
4. 然后你就到了。

Then you’ll find/come to it.

I. commonly used basic structures : 1. S+V+IO+DO S+V+O+C 2. there be 句型 3. with 复合结构 4. it 用作形式主语或形式宾语 5. it is … that… 6. 表示不同与区别的句型 7.表示倍数的句型 8.表示“花时间”的句型 9.表示“花钱”的句型 10.表示“参观”的句型

II. Try some advanced structures 1.非谓语动词 2.倒装句 3.虚拟语气 4.名词性从句 5. 定语从句 6. 省略

III.Use better phrases to replace the common ones.

the Internet is helpful not rather than harmful as someone else thinks. As isall known to all, is playing We know that the Internet is very important a more and more important role in our daily life. On the Internet, we can read news and get much information. We can send E-mails or as well as make phone calls to our family and to our friends. We can also attend the net school, read many books and even teach ourselves English. …

In myIopinion think

Practical Skills
* Use the commonly used basic structures at proper time and accumulate them in your everyday study. * Try advanced structures. * Use some expressions to make your composition well organized and smooth. * when copying your article to the answer sheet, replace the common ones with advanced expressions.

Thank you!

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