English around the world
话题 English language and its development; different kinds of English
elevator petrol gas official voyage native apartment actually AD base
gradual gradually Danish vocabulary spelling latter identity fluent fluently
Singapore Malaysia frequent frequently usage command request expression 词汇
midwestern African Spanish eastern southeastern northwestern recognize
lorry accent lightening straight block cab
because of come up at present make use of such as play a part in
语言交际困难(Difficulties in language communication)
Pardon? I beg your pardon? I don't understand.
功能 Could you say that again, please? Sorry, I can't follow you. Could you repeat that, please?
Can you speak more slowly, please? How do you spell it, please？
直接引语和间接引语(Ⅱ)请求与命令 “Look at this example，” the teacher said to us.→The teacher told us to 语法 look at that example. “Would you like to see my flat？” she asked.→She asked me to see her
There are many kinds of English; they are different in their vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation and intonation. These different kinds of English develop from history, geography, politics and the influence of other languages. Some of the major kinds of English are British English, American English, Canadian English, Australian English, Indian English and Caribbean English. The English spoken in Africa is different from country to country. Thus there are Nigerian English，South African English，Kenyan English and so on.
All types of English originated from the English spoken in England. American English has now replaced British English. This is mostly because of the influence of the United States through the cinema and music, technology and trade. The most noticeable differences between American and British English are in spelling， pronunciation and vocabulary. Many words that end in “our” in British English end in “or” in American English. Words ending in “se” are British English while their American ones end in “ze”. Some vocabulary items, too, are different. There are also many differences in expressions. The Americans would say “I just ate” as opposed to “I've just eaten” in British English. In American English, Mary is “on the team”， while in British English, Mary is “in the team”．
Notes 1．intonation n. 语调；音准 2.influence n．影响，作用 3．originate v．起源，发源 4.noticeable adj.显而易见的，值得注意的 Task True(T) or false(F)． 1．In the passage, there are 7 kinds of English mentioned in all.(_F__) 2． The most important differences between British English and American English exist in the dialect.(__F_) 3．American English has a great influence on the rest of the world through the cinema and music, technology and trade.(_T__)
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