江苏省常州高级中学 2011～2012 学年第一学期第二阶段考试高三年级
英 语 试 卷
2011.12 说明：1. 以下题目的答案填写在答卷纸上。 2．本卷总分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟． 在做试卷之前，给大家推荐一个视频学习网站，我之前很长时间一直是做试卷之后，再到这 上面去找一些相关的学习视频再复习一遍，效果要比只做试题要好很多，真不是打广告。 如果你有上网的条件，建议你也去学习一下，全站所有的视频都是免费的。
3．http://www.fulaan.com/exams 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When will the Academy Awards ceremony be held according to the conversation? A. 8:00 am. B. 2:30 pm. C. 7:30 am. 2. What does the woman mean? A. Nancy is ordinary looking. B. Nancy has many dresses. C. Nancy needs a new dress. 3. What does the man want to do? A. Go to the concert. B. Sell the tickets. C. Do some housework. 4. What will the two speakers do then?
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A. Go and ask Justin Bieber to sing together. B. Release a new album. C. Buy the new album. 5. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Two friends. B. Doctor and patient. C. Teacher and student. 第二节（共 15 小题；每题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What is the weather like now? A. Fine. B. Foggy. C. Rainy. 7. What does the woman think the weather will be like in the afternoon? A. Foggy. B. Windy. C. Clear. 8. How will the man get the weather information? A. He’ll listen to the radio. B. He’ll ask the weatherman. C. He’ll access the Internet. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 10 题。 9. What does Colin ask Tick to do? A. Attend his birthday. B. Give him some suggestions. C. Set up a club. 10. What does Tick advise Colin to do? A. To donate the presents. B. To get more presents. C. To set up a children’s club. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Where is the woman going? A. To the Super Shuttle stop. B. To Glendale. C. To Pasadena. 12. Which kind of shuttle may the woman take? A. A direct shuttle to the destination. B. A round-trip shuttle. C. A shuttle which can cost less. 13. In the opinion of the driver, which is the best way to pay the fare? A. In card B. Using the ATM. C. In cash. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. Where might the conversation take place? A. In the department store. B. In a car repair and maintenance shop. C. In an automobile sales store. 15. Why do they come here? A. To give their son a present.
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B. To get more information about some home-made vehicles. C. To complain about the quality. 16. What probably will they do soon afterwards? A. Drive the car for test. B. Drive the back home. C. Bargain over the price. 17. What are they interested in? A. An SUV. B. An HRV. C. A CUV. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What was the problem with the old couple? A. They had too much sweeties. B. They didn’t feel well those days. C. They couldn’t remember things clearly. 19. What did the doctor advise them to do to help solve the problem? A. To eat more food. B. To write things down. C. To help each other. 20. What did the lady want the man to do? A. To prepare her some ice cream. B. To cook bacon and eggs. C. To get her some toast. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节： 【2012 届·江苏常州高级中学高三模拟试题】单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分； 满分 15 分） 阅读下面各题，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项。 21. A lot of research and studies have shown that Trench oil, taken out from kitchen waste, ______ the increase of cancers. A. results from B. attends to C. contributes to D. devotes to 22. After retiring from her job, she has decided to ______ a language school ______ poor Migrant workers’ children. A. set out; targeting B. set about; targeted C. set off; targeted D. set up; targeting 23. ---- I’ve just heard about that the lecture given by Guo Feng, a young doctor, was cancelled. ---- Oh, no! ______. A. It’s wonderful B. It doesn’t matter C. I have no idea D. I was looking forward to that 24. It is said that the school bus accident ______ 17 young lives, which ______ the whole country. A. has claimed; shocks B. had claimed; shocks C. claimed; shocked D. claims; shocking 25. ----Can I pay the bill by check? ----Sorry, sir. But it is the management rules of our hotel that payment ______be made in cash. A. can B. will C. shall D. may 26. Many residents _____ their bikes year around, _____ rain and snow through the winter in a city. A. take in; braving B. take up; brave C. take to; braving D. take down; to brave
27. The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if _____regularly, can improve our health. A．being carried out B．carried out C．carrying out D．to carry out
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28. How did your brother make such a stupid mistake _______ he had a such a good knowledge of the steps and cautions over operating the machine? A. when B. because C. while D. that 29. Recently in China, the brain drain has been ______. That is to say, there has been a ______ of the process across China. A. refuse; refusal B. change; change C. arrive; arrival D. reversed; reversal 30. He submitted himself to a search by the guards. Which of the following sentences has the same meaning as the given one? A. He submitted himself to being searched by the guards. B. He submitted himself to be searched by the guards. C. He is submitted himself to being searched by the guards. D. He is submitted to being searched by the guards. 31. ----How do you like our city? ----It has changed beyond all _____ in the past 20 years, a completely new one in front of me. A. realization B. description C. expression D. recognition 32. He kept silent over the matter because he had no intention to risk ______ in it. A. to involve B. being involved C. to be involved D. involving 33. Considering the recent dangerous situation, safety locks are required to be equipped to prevent houses from being ______. A. broken in B. broken into C. broken up D. broken off 34. This group ______ nearly 18 percent of the state’s population, are living in a remote area, which few people know about. A. accounting for B. accounted for C. be accounted for D. being accounted for 35 -- I happened to notice Bob’s father quarrelling with the teacher in defense of his son. -- No wonder Bob always performs poorly in class. It’s really “________”. A. Love me, love my dog B. Like father, like son C. Birds of a feather flock together D. A busy mother makes a lazy daughter 第二节： 【2012 届·江苏常州高级中学高三模拟试题】完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1,5 分；满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项。 Now, perhaps, more than ever before, people are wondering what life is all about, and what it is for. Seeking material success is beginning to 36 large numbers of people around the world. They feel that the long-hours work culture to make more money to buy more things is 37 up their lives, leaving them very little 38 or energy for family or hobbies. Many are turning to 39 ways of living and downshifting (过田园式生活) is one of them. Six percent of the workers in Britain took the decision to __40 last year. One couple who downshifted are Daniel and Liz. They 41 to work in central London. He was a newspaper reporter and she worked for an international bank. They 42 go to work by train every day from their large house in the suburbs, 43 their two children with a nanny (保姆)。 Nearly twice a month Daniel had to 44 to New York for meetings. They both earned a large amount of money 45 began to feel that life was passing them by. Nowadays, they run a 46 in the mountains of Wales. “I always wanted to have one here,” says Daniel, “and we took almost a year to 47 the decision to downshift. It’s taken some time getting used to, but it’s been 48 it. We have to think 49 now about
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spending money on car repairs and we no longer have any 50 . However, I think it’s made us stronger as a family, and the children are a lot 51 .” Liz, however, is not quite sure. “I used to enjoy my job, 52 it was hard work and long hours. I’m not really a country girl, but I suppose I’m 53 getting used to looking after the animals. One thing I do 54 , though, is being able to see more of my children. My advice for other people wanting to do the 55 is not to think about it too much or you might not do it at all.” 36. A. trouble B. attract C. encourage D. frighten 37. A. putting B. looking C. building D. eating 38. A. money B. material C. spirit D. time 39. A. other B. simple C. free D. many 40. A. retire B. downshift C. rest D. travel 41. A. wanted B. liked C. used D. planned 42. A. should B. would C. might D. could 43. A. keeping B. sending C. letting D. leaving 44. A. fly B. walk C. move D. run 45. A. and B. so C. but D. however 46. A. company B. farm C. house D. school 47. A. discuss B. study C. have D. make 48. A. worthy B. worth C. worthless D. worthwhile 49. A. once B. twice C. hardly D. worriedly 50. A. money B. holidays C. friends D. difficulties 51. A. more bored B. more worried C. happier D. cleverer 52. A. even though B. when C. as if D. unless 53. A. directly B. particularly C. especially D. gradually 54. A. doubt B. admire C. like D. admit 55. A. job B. research C. experiment D. same 第三部分： 【2012 届·江苏常州高级中学高三模拟试题】阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项。
A year ago I saw my old friend from college, Therese Gibson. When I told her I was writing a book called Happy for No Reason, which focuses on the 21 characteristics of happy people, she told me about something she does with her 95-year-old father, Charlie, which keeps him smiling and feeling good. Therese moved in with Charlie during a bad time in both their lives. Charlie’s wife had just died, Therese was at the end of a painful divorce, and money was tight. They were as miserable as any two people could be. But they decided to sit together for a few minutes each morning before Therese headed off to work and tell each other three things they
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were grateful for in their lives. “It was slow going at the beginning,” Therese told me. “The first time we did it, I had a hard time thinking of even one thing I was grateful for.” Finally, she looked around the room and saw a vase she liked. She told Charlie: “I’m grateful for how pretty that vase is.” It sounded silly, but it was the best she could do. And soon, she and Charlie noticed that even a thank-you for something small had a good effect. Soon, Therese and Charlie started to notice that more and more things were going their way. Even their money situation improved. Three thank-yous became five, then ten, and soon they had to stop listing the good things in their lives, otherwise Therese would have been late for work. One day, they were feeling so happy after finishing their lists that Charlie started singing the song “Oh, What a Beautiful Morning.” Therese joined in. Now “saying their thank-yous” and singing together has become one of the highlights of their day. Once, after going through a heartbreak, a friend told me to write down five things I was grateful for each night before I went to bed. At first I struggled to come up with anything, but I continued doing it every night and over time the pain in my heart eased. Try doing the gratitude exercise yourself. Every night before you go to sleep, list five things that you’re grateful for that day, and notice how you feel when you wake up the next morning. A grateful heart can send your happiness level soaring. 56. Therese and her father met with many problems EXCEPT that ____. A. Therese had been through a divorce B. Therese’s father had lost his wife C. they didn’t have enough money D. Therese’s father was seriously ill 57. What can we conclude from Paragraphs 3-4? A. Therese gradually found it was waste of her time to list the good things in her life. B. Therese found there were more and more things worthy of gratefulness. C. A thank-you for something small brought them good fortune. D. Therese and Charlie found more people who were willing to help them. 58. The author found that doing the gratitude exercise ____. A. helped her pull through difficult times B. made no difference to her life C. exhausted her for the effort she put into it D. cured her of her heart disease 59. With the story of Therese and her father, the author intends to tell us that ____. A. misfortunes never come one at a time B. happiness does not come easily C. having a grateful heart leads to happiness D. you have to believe that time will ease your pain
In the old days children were familiar with birth and death as part of life. This is perhaps the first generation of American youngsters who have never been close by during the birth of a baby and have never experienced the death of a family member. Nowadays when people grow old, we often send them to nursing homes. When they get sick, we transfer them to a hospital, where children are forbidden to visit terminally ill patients-even when those patients are their parents. This deprives(剥夺) patient of significant family members during the last few days of his life and it deprives the children of an experience of death, which is an important learning experience.
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Some of my colleagues and I once interviewed and followed approximately 500 terminally ill patients in order to find out what they could teach us and how we could be of more benefit, not just to them but to the members of their families as well. We were most impressed y the fact that even those patients who were not told of their serious illness were quite aware of its potential outcome. It is important for family members, and doctors and nurses to understand these patients’ communications in order to truly understand their needs, fears, and fantasies(幻想). Most of our patients welcomed another human being with whom they could talk openly, honestly, and frankly about their trouble. Many of them shared with us their tremendous need to be informed, to be kept up-to-date on their medical condition and to be told when the end was near. We found out that patients who had been dealt with openly and frankly were better able to cope with the approach of death and finally to reach a true stage of acceptance prior to death. 60．The elders of contemporary Americans _____________. A．were often absent when a family member was born or dying B．were quite unfamiliar with birth and death C．usually witnessed the birth or death of a family member D．had often experienced the fear of death as part of life 61．Children in America today are denied the chance ______________. A．to learn how to face death B．to visit dying patients C．to attend to patients D．to have access to a hospital 62．The need of a dying patient for company shows __________. A．his desire for communication with other people B．his fear of approaching death C．his pessimistic attitude towards his condition D．his reluctance to part with his family 63．It may be concluded from the passage that ______________. A．dying patients are afraid of being told of the approach of death B．most doctors and nurses understand what dying patients need C．dying patients should be truthfully informed of their condition D．most patients are unable to accept death until it is obviously inevitable
ALBERT Einstein had the idea. It stayed true for over a century. It is one of the cornerstones of physics. Nothing travels faster than light. However, Einstein’s special relativity theory has almost been proven wrong. In September, scientists discovered that a kind of neutrino (中微子) could travel faster than light. The result was greeted with some doubt when it was released because anyone who has ever doubted special relativity theory before has been proven wrong. The debate has been going on for the past two months. But so far, the result still holds. In the original experiment, physicists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) sent a beam of tiny subatomic particles called neutrinos from their lab near Geneva to a detector 730 kilometers away in Italy. The neutrinos got there 60 nanoseconds (纳秒， 十亿分之一 秒) sooner than the light.
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That tiny amount of time may completely change our understanding of the laws of nature because modern physics has been based on Einstein’s special relativity theory since he first came up with it in 1905. The theory states that time slows down for an object traveling at the speed of light, and that space shrinks. If proven to be true, the new finding may lead to a revolutionary change, not only in the basic principles of physics but also in our concept of space and time. Theoretically people would be able to travel back in time. Doubtful physicists questioned the carefulness of CERN’s time measuring and analysis. CERN therefore did the experiment again with more accurate measurements in October. The new result was released on November 17 and once again, the neutrinos beat a light beam sent to the Gran Sasso laboratory in Italy by 60 nanoseconds. Christos Touramanis, who heads a neutrino research team at Britain’s Liverpool University, agreed that the new test had ruled out some possible sources of errors, but said that “a number of other possible effects” still needed to be checked. “Ultimately, full independent confirmation will be required before accepting this result as accurate,” he told Reuters. 64. The scientists at CERN drew the conclusion that ______. A. Einstein’s special relativity theory was completely wrong B. our understanding of the laws of nature should be changed C. their experiments backed up the theories of modern physics D. there may be a kind of particle which can travel faster than the speed of light 65. What is the impact of the new finding according to the article? A. It might prove that Einstein’s special relativity theory is wrong. B. It will be helpful for space research. C. It will help scientists to find a new detector. D. It will completely change people’s understanding of the universe. 66. Which of the following is TRUE according to the article? A. It will be easy for people to travel in time. B. No one has ever doubted special relativity theory before. C. No matter can travel faster than the speed of light. D. Some scientists doubted that the speed of the neutrinos was accurate.
The Board Meeting had come to an end. Bob started to stand up and knocked into the table, spilling his coffee over his notes. “How embarrassing! I am getting so clumsy in my old age.” Everyone had a good laugh, and soon we were all telling stories of our most embarrassing moments. It came around to Frank who sat quietly listening to the others. Someone said, “Come on, Frank. Tell us your most embarrassing moment.” Frank laughed and began to tell us of his childhood. “I grew up in San Pedro. My Dad was a fisherman, and he loved the sea. He had his own boat, but it was hard making a living on the sea. He worked hard and would stay out until he caught enough to feed the family. Not just enough for our family, but also for his Mom and Dad and the other kids that were still at home.” He looked at us and said, “I wish you could have met my Dad. He was a big man, and he was strong from pulling the nets and fighting the seas for his catch. When you got close to him, he smelled like the ocean. He would wear his old canvas, foul-weather coat and his bibbed overalls.
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His rain hat would be pulled down over his brow. No matter how much my mother washed them, they would still smell of the sea and of fish.” Frank’s voice dropped a bit. “When the weather was bad he would drive me to school. He had this old truck that he used in his fishing business. That truck was older than he was. It would wheeze and rattle down the road. You could hear it coming for blocks. As he would drive toward the school, I would shrink (畏缩) down into the seat hoping to disappear. Half the time, he would slam to a stop and the old truck would belch (喷出) a cloud of smoke. He would pull right up in front, and it seemed like everybody would be standing around and watching. Then he would lean over and give me a big kiss on the cheek and tell me to be a good boy. It was so embarrassing for me. Here, I was twelve years old, and my Dad would lean over and kiss me goodbye!” He paused and then went on, “I remember the day I decided I was too old for a goodbye kiss. When we got to the school and came to a stop, he had his usual big smile. He started to lean toward me, but I put my hand up and said, “No, Dad.” It was the first time I had ever talked to him that way, and he had this surprised look on his face. I said, “Dad, I’m too old for a goodbye kiss. I’m too old for any kind of kiss.” My Dad looked at me for the longest time, and his eyes started to tear up. Then he turned and looked out the windshield. “ You’re right,” he said. “ You are a big boy....a man. I won’t kiss you anymore.” Frank got a funny look on his face, and the tears began to well up in his eyes, as he spoke. “It wasn’t long after that when my Dad went to sea and never came back. It was a day when most of the fleet (船队) stayed in, but not Dad. He had a big family to feed. They found his boat adrift with its nets half in and half out. He must have gotten into a strong wind and was trying to save the nets and the floats.” I looked at Frank and saw that tears were running down his cheeks. Frank spoke again. “Guys, you don’t know what I would give to have my Dad give me just one more kiss on the cheek…to feel his rough old face… to smell the ocean on him… to feel his arm around my neck. I wish I had been a man then. If I had been a man, I would never have told my Dad I was too old for a goodbye kiss.” 67. In Frank’s eyes, when his father said “You are a big boy… a man.”, he probably felt ________. A. disappointed B. hurt C. excited D. proud 68. According to the story we can conclude that Frank’s father ________. A. was quite confident in his skills in fishing B. loved his children but hardly expressed it C. seldom gave up faced with challenges D. was full of devotion to his family 69. By saying the sentence “I wish I had been a man then…”, Frank meant ________. A. he was fed up with his father kissing him goodbye B. he deeply regretted what he had done to his father C. he was then too young to refuse a goodbye kiss
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D. he hoped that his father would forgive him 70. Which of the following may be the best title for this passage? A. The Smell of the Ocean C. A Goodbye Kiss B. We All Need Love D. Father’s Embarrassment
第四部分 【2012 届·江苏常州高级中学高三模拟试题】任务型阅读 （共 10 小题；每 小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文， 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注 意每个空格只填一个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上（满分 10 分） A busy life can be personally satisfying, but it may make you feel too tired to achieve the inner peace that will connect you with your true happiness. Begin with simplifying your life and working towards a more peaceful state of mind. Recognize the differences between the things you need and the things you want. Our culture provides us with the message that materials will make our lives better. The reality is that most of these things will complicate our lives without bringing true happiness. Free yourself-- learn to be satisfied with fewer materials and greater simplicity. If you let someone else define your life, your’re missing the chance to follow your own desires. Your inner life is weakened when you are limited by conformity. Why do you give up your freedom and allowed all of your decisions to be defined by what others think you “should” do? Think for yourself. Let your passions be your guide. Life is full of opportunities to earn money, give services. Learn new skills and make new friends. Some of us want them all and fill up our timetable with all kind of activities. Rushing from one activity to another leaves you with no time to slow down. No matter how worthy you think your activities are, rethink them. Keep the ones that are most important and leave out the ones that are adding to the pace of your life with little return. Life is forever changing, and you will never reach a point of simplicity and endless happiness. But each moment you spend on the path to simplicity does have the possibility to bring happiness to your life.
Title: 71________ to Find Happiness Through Simplicity 72______________ Free yourself from dependence on 75 . Think for A busy life will prevent you from 73 the inner peace.
Try to 74________ your life to achieve a peaceful state of mind Distinguishing Learning to be things you need from things you want. 76 with fewer materials and greater simplicity.
Never missing the chance to. follow your desires.
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yourself Rethink all the activities 79
Never being 77________by what others think you “Should” do. Letting your passions be your guide. 78 time to slow down rather than fill up every day with activities. Keeping the ones that are most important. Each effort to simplify your life may 80 you achieve happiness.
第五部分 【2012 届·江苏常州高级中学高三模拟试题】书面表达（满分 25 分） 当今，微博已越来越多地为人们所接受，青少年也不例外。它在他们的日常生活中已经 成为一种时尚，但过度使用会浪费时间、精力和金钱。请根据下图提示，用英语写一篇短文, 描述图片所示现象加以分析，并谈谈个人对此的观点（至少两点） 。
注意： 1. 词数 150 左右 (开头已给出不计入总词数) 2. 课参照图示及上面的说明作必要的想象和发挥，但不要逐句作简单翻译。 3. 参考词汇：微博 microblog； 时尚 vogue Microblog, as its name indicates, is a kind of blog, which differs from a traditional blog in that its content is typically smaller in size. ______________________________________
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高 三 英 语
一、听力测试（20 分） 1---5 BBACB 6---10 BCCBA 11---15 CACCA 16---20 AACBA 二、单项填空（15 分） 21---25 CDDAC 26---30 CBADA 31---35 DBBAB 三、完形填空（20 分） 36---40 ADDAB 41---45 CBDAC 46---50 BDBBB 51---55 CADCD 四、阅读理解（20 分） 56---60 DBACC 61---65 AACDA 66---70 D BDBC 五、任务型阅读 71. Ways 72. Introduction 73. achieving 74. simplify 75. materials 76. satisfied/content 77. affected 78Leaving. 79. Conclusion 80. help/make
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） Microblog, as its name indicates, is a kind of blog, which differs from a traditional blog in that its content is typically smaller in size. Now it is popular among adults, teenagers as well, for this platform mostly appeals to young students’ appetite and has become a symbol of vogue. With a computer or a cell phone you can text whatever you like, and immediately people who are concerned about you may receive it. Not only can you respond to it immediately and respectively but also you can type some words in reply to them if you are interested. By this means teenagers find fun of life in their spare time and get help to relieve the pressure from study. Also it is said to enable students and teachers to build up a better relationship. My point of view is that we should not be engaged in playing it because we can’t afford that time or energy. Also it’s very hard to control the information we get. As the saying goes, “the
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water that bears the boat is the same that swallows it up.”
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