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2014 高考英语教与练特训秘籍 4 1.energetic adj.精力充沛的,充满活力的 ①I like to take some energetic exercise at weekends. 我喜欢在周末做些剧烈运动。 ②He seems an energetic person. 他似乎是一个精力充沛的人。 ③We should give energetic support to agriculture. 我们要大力支援农业。 易混辨析 power,strength,force 与 energy 的辨析比较 power 主要指做事所依靠的能力、功能,还可以指权力或影响力/势力。 strength 指固有的潜力。说人时,指“力气 ”;说物时,指“强度”。 force 主要指自然界的力量,暴力,势力,军事力量等。 energy 主要指人的精力或自然界中的能量。 ①His strength ran out.他没劲了。 ②The force of the wind closed the door.风力把门关上了。 ③You'll need to apply all your energy to this job. 你需要把全部精力投入到这项工作中去。 ④The motive power of trains is usually steam or electricity. 火车的动力通常是蒸汽或电。 反馈 1.1—Must I do well in all the subjects,Mum? —Sure,baby!As an old saying goes,knowledge is ______. A.command C.power B.effort D.energy

反馈 1.2 He is always full of ______every day. A.power C.force B.strength D.energy

反馈 1.3Now I have ______over him;I can make him do anything I want. A.force C.strength B.power D.control

反馈 1.4 I'm exhausted.It's going to be some time before I recover my full______. A.force C.power B.strength D.energy

2.contain vt.容纳,包含,抑制,克制 ①This book contains all the information you need.
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这本书包含你所需要的一切信息。 ②I could hardly contain my curiosity.我简直无法克制我的好奇心。 易混辨析 contain 和 include 区别 contain 所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容,强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西, 也可指抽象无形的东西。 include 指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某事物包含另一事物的某一部分。它们一个 明显的区别是:include 的主语和宾语属于同一范畴;而 contain 的主语相当于一个“容器”, contain 的宾语就是这个“容器”里所含有的东西。 including 是介词,意为“包括在内”;included 是形容词,用于名词和代词后“包括在 内”。 ①The parcel contained a dictionary.那包裹里装的是一本字典。 ②This bottle contains two glasses of beer.这个瓶子装了两杯啤酒。 ③My family includes my father,my mother,my brother and me. 我家包括我爸爸,我妈妈,我哥哥和我。 ④There are four people in my family,including me. =There are four people in my family,me included.包括我在内,我家四口人。 反馈 2.1The new book ______ 7 modules,______ one main revision. A.contains;including B.includes;containing C.contains;containing D.includes;including 反馈 2.2 Even if they didn't ______ the cost of food in the tour,it's still a cheap vacation to the U.S. A.hold B.contain C.share D.include 反馈 2.3Little Johnny felt the bag,curious to know what it ______. A.collected B.contained C.loaded D.saved 3.since conj.自??以后;既然,因为 adv.从那以后 prep.自??以来;自从 ①He has studied very hard since he came to our school.
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自从他来到我们学校,他学习就非常努力。 ②We have been missing them since they left here. 自从他们离开这里,我们就一直很想念他们。 ③John is now with his parents in New York;it is already three years since he was a teacher. 约翰现在和父母一起住在纽约,他不当教师已经三年了。 ④He left the town in 1989 and I haven't seen him since. 他在 1989 年离开这个城镇,后来我一直没有见过他。 ⑤She hasn't been home since her marriage.她自结婚后未曾回过家。 反馈 3.1— How long has this hotel been in business? —______ 1982. A.After C.From B.In D.Since

反馈 3.2Scientists say it may be five years ______ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. A.since C.before B.until D.when

4.damage n.(U)损害,毁坏; (C)赔偿费 vt. 损害,损坏 ①The heavy rain didn't do much damage to the crops. 这次暴雨没有对农作物造成很大的损失。 ②We paid 500 dollars to cover the damages.我们付了 500 美元的赔偿费。 用法拓展 damage,destroy,ruin 和 spoil 辨析 1)damage 意为“损坏、破坏”。它可用于表示损坏具体的物品,暗示损坏后价值或效益 会降低,还可以修复再用。也可用于表示损坏抽象的东西,有时该词也用于借喻。 2)destroy 指“剧烈地破坏”“使之不存在”或“使之失去效能”,一般情况下不可以修 复再用。另外,它既可表示毁坏具体的物品,也可表示毁坏抽象的东西,打破(希望,计划) , 使失败。 3)ruin 多用于借喻之中,有时泛指一般性的破坏,指把某物损坏到了不能再使用的程度; 使破产。 4)spoil“损坏,损伤;弄坏,弄脏,搞糟;使无用;破坏,宠坏,溺爱;姑息”。 ①What they said and did damage the relations between the two countries. 他们的言行损害了这两个国家之间的关系。 ②The heavy rain destroyed our hope of a picnic.大雨将我们野餐的希望打破了。 ③He knocked over a bottle of ink and ruined the table cloth. 他打翻了一瓶墨水,把桌布弄脏了。

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④Our holidays were spoilt by the bad weather. 我们假日的乐趣被恶劣天气所破坏了。 反馈 4.1Her display of bad temper completely ______ the party. A.harmed C.spoilt B.damaged D.hurt

反馈 4.2 用 destroy,damage,ruin 或 spoil 填空。 1)She poured water all over my painting,and ______ it. 2)The houses were ______ by the earthquake and they had no rooms to live in. 3)Her heart was slightly ______ as a result of her long illness. 4)They ______ their child by giving whatever he wants. 5.prefer vt.宁愿;较喜欢 1)prefer+n./pron./doing sth.喜欢某人或某物;宁愿做某事 2)prefer...to...喜欢??而不喜欢??;宁愿??而不愿?? 用作宾语的是名词、代词或动词ing 形式,其中 to 是介词,不是动词不定式符号。 3)prefer sb.to do sth.宁愿某人做某事 4)prefer to do...rather than do...宁愿做??而不愿做?? 5)prefer that sb.(should)do sth.宁愿某人做某事 在 that 引导的宾语从句中,我们应当用虚拟语气“should+动词原形”,其中 should 可以 省略。 ①Mr Brown preferred spending his spare time doing some reading. 布朗先生比较喜欢把业余时间用来读点书。 ②I prefer you to spare some time to come to our art exhibition next week. 我希望你们下周抽出点时间来看看我们的美术展。 ③Thousands of children nowadays prefer doing their homework to a background of pop music to doing it in a quiet room. 如今,成千上万的孩子宁愿一边听流行音乐一边做作业,而不愿在安安静静的房间里做。 ④Rather than go on holiday to the seaside,I prefer to work days and go to school nights. 我宁愿白天工作,晚上上学,而不愿到海边度假。 反馈 5.1(2012· 安徽安师大附中模拟)She seems to prefer ______ American TV Shows to talking to me. A.to watch B.to be watching C.watching D.having watched

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反馈 5.2In this school most students prefer taking pains in their studies to ______ with some art talent. A.equip C.equipping B.be equipped D.being equipped

反馈 5.3Xiao Lin is invited to attend the evening party, but he ______, because he has to finish the production report in time. A.prefers not to B.prefers to not C.prefers not D.does not prefer 6.work out 得出(结果、总数等) ;结果是;锻炼;设计出;制定出 ①This math problem is too difficult.I can't work it out. 这道数学题太难,我算不出来。 ②Helen used to work out all day,but lately she's been busy making movies.海伦以前整天锻 炼身体,但她最近忙于制作电影。 ③It'll work out cheap if we don't eat lunch at the hotel restaurant. 如果我们不在宾馆的餐厅吃饭会很便宜。 用法拓展含有 out 的短语 pick out 选出,挑出,拣出;辨认,辨别出 cry out 叫出声来 come out 出版;面世;上市; (日、月等)出来; (花)开放 carry out 贯彻,执行;实现 break out 逃出;突然发生,爆发 burn out 烧掉 come out 出版;出现,显露;结果是 die out 消失,灭绝 stay/keep out of...不介入?? drop out 退出,离队 figure out 算出;了解,弄明白 find out 查明 give out 分发,放出 go out 外出;熄灭 go all out to do 尽力做?? hand/give out 分发,散发,发给

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hold out 维持,支持;坚持,不屈服 leave out 省略;遗漏 look/watch out 留神,注意,提防,警惕 make out 辨认,区分;理解,了解 put out 熄灭,关(灯) ;出版,发布;生产 run out of sth.用光/耗尽某事 run out(某物)用完;耗尽 sell out 售完 set out 陈列,显示;动身,起程;制定 stand out 突出,显眼 stick out 伸出,突出;坚持到底,继续 wear out 磨光;用旧,穿破;使贫乏;使精疲力竭 ①He took out a pen and began to write.他拿出一支钢笔,开始写起来。 ②You could give out food at a food bank. 你可以在食品站分发食品。 ③He even handed out advertisements at a local supermarket. 他甚至在当地的一个超市分发广告。 ④They have sold out all the coats.他们卖完了所有的外套。 ⑤It is very important that this organization does not run out of money. 这个组织没有用光钱,这是很重要的。 ⑥What about going out for a walk?出去散步怎么样? ⑦I was doing my homework when the lights went out. 我正在做家庭作业时,灯突然灭了。 反馈 6 用含有 out 的短语完成句子。 1)I'll give you five minutes to ______ out the problems. 2)Look!Light and heat are ______ out,together with heavy smoke. 3)He is going to have two of his teeth ______ out. 4)______ out!There is a car coming. 5)Sometimes there are some papers to collect or to ______ out. 6)Let's go and ______ out who did it. 7)When the firefighters arrived there,the fire had ______ out. 8)Difficulties can ______ out a person's best qualities. 9)Doctors don't like being ______ out at night. 10)Now ______ out your book and turn to page 12,please.
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11)Our teacher ______ out the new text books to us all a moment ago. 12)After a long talk,he was ______ out. 13)Wait a minute,and I'll ______ you out. 14)Whenever you are in trouble,we must ______ out. 15)All these orders must be ______ out at once. 16)The little girl ______ out with joy as soon as she saw her mother. 17)This kind of flowers ______ out earlier than last year. 18)A big fire ______ out yesterday. 19)______ out these books that you'd like to read. 20)She ______ out a cry of surprise when she saw her good friend in Shanghai. 21)I warned him to ______ out of troubles. 22)He'll ______ out for Hong Kong next month. 23)I couldn't ______ out what he said at the conference. 24)We'll have to ______ all out to overcome these difficulties. 25)Oh,I have ______ out of ink.Could you lend me some? 7.count v.数数,数??;把??算入,包括 count A as B 将 A 视作/算作 B count as sth.算作某物 ①The child doesn't know how to count.这个孩子还不会数数。 ②Count how many listeners there are.数一数有多少听众。 ③A knife counts as a weapon.小刀子也算作武器。 ④I count friendship as an important thing in my life. 我把友谊看作我生命中一样重要的东西。 反馈 7—Will $200 ______? —I'm afraid not.We need at least 50 more dollars. A.count B.satisfy C.fit D.do 8.It isn't worth it.那划不来。 worth 意为“值得,有??的价值的”等,常常用作形容词,在句中一般作表语,有时也 可用作定语,如:a place worth seeing(值得一看的地方) ,a dictionary worth $50(一本值 50 美元的词典)等。 worth 用作表语时, 不能单独使用, 其后通常接动名词的主动形式,而不能接动词不定式。
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常用的句式有: 1)“主语+be+worth+动词的ing 形式+...”。此时,句子的主语就是 worth 之后动词 ing 形式的逻辑宾语。 注意:动词的ing 形式之后的介词不可省去。worth 后面的动词ing 形式一般用主动形式 表示被动意义,而不能直接用被动形式。一般来说,worth 前面可用 well,really,very much, hardly,easily 等词语修饰,但一般不用 very 修饰。 2)“It(形式主语)+be+worth+动词的ing 形式+...” ①A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.双鸟在林不如一鸟在手。 ②He isn't worth getting angry with.犯不上跟他生气。 ③He has something very much worth saying.他有些话很值得讲。 用法拓展 worth,worthy 和 worthwhile 辨析 这三个词均可表示“值得的”,它们的区别可以从以下几个方面来考虑。 1)从句法功能上看,worth 通常只用作表语,作定语要后置(其实还是源于表语功能) , 不用于名词前作定语;worthy 和 worthwhile 可用作表语和定语。 2)从所使用的修饰语来看,worth 习惯上不用 very 修饰(要表示类似意思可用 well) ,而 worthy 和 worthwhile 则可以用副词 very 修饰。 3)从搭配习惯来看 (1)be worthy 后不能直接跟名词、代词或动名词,应借助介词 of。 (2)be worth 后只接动名词,不接不定式,be worthy 后不接动名词,而接不定式(若该 不定式要表示被动意义,则应用被动形式) 。 (3)若要在 be worthy 后接动名词,与后接名词时的情形一样,应借助介词 of,且该动 名词若要表示被动意义,要用被动形式。 (4)be worthwhile 后接动名词或不定式均可。 (5)有时可将 worthwhile 分开写,此时也可在其中间加上 one's。 (6)按传统语法,It is worth(one's)while to do sth./doing sth.结构必须用 it 作形式主语, 其中的不定式或动名词作句子真正的主语。 ①Their efforts are worthy of your support.他们的努力应得到你的支持。 ②This suggestion is worthy of being considered(=to be considered). 这个建议值得考虑。 ③It is worth your while visiting/to visit the museum.这个博物馆值得你去看看。 ④Would you like to do some gardening for me?I'll make it worth your while.你愿意在我的 花园里干些活吗?我不会亏待你的。 反馈 8.1It is not ______ to discuss the question again and again. A.worth B.worthy
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D.worth while

反馈 8.2The archaeologists all find______ to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet during the restoration. A.worthy C.it worth B.it worthwhile D.it worthy

反馈 8.3—This book by Tony Garrison is of great use for our course. —But I think his latest one is ______ worth reading. A.better C.most B.more D.very

反馈 8.4—Have you looked through the plan? —Not yet.This plan is ______ careful consideration. A.short of C.proud of B.fond of D.worthy of

反馈 8.5It's said that Jackie Chen's new movie is worth ______. A.being seen C.to see B.to be seen D.seeing

反馈 8.6Try to spend your time just on the things you find______. A.worthing doing them B.worth being done C.worthy to being done D.worthy of being done 反馈 8.7It is ______that she helped others with their lessons after school. A.worth to be praised B.worthy of being praised C.worth praised D.worthy to praise 9.However,your mother knows best:nothing is more important than health. 可是,你妈妈最了解:没有什么东西比健康更重要。 Nothing is more important than health. =Health is the most important. not,never 之类的否定词与比较级连用,表示最高级含义,意为“再没有比??更??的 了”。 ①I like nothing better than swimming. =I like swimming best.我最喜欢游泳。

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②Nobody can do the work better than he did. =He did the work best.这项工作他做得最好。 ③—What do you think of the decision?你觉得这个决定怎么样? —I can't agree more.我完全赞成。 反馈 9.1How beautifully she sings!I have never heard ______. A.the better voice B.a good voice C.the best voice D.a better voice 反馈 9.2 —What was his performance like? —Oh,it couldn't have been ______. A.much wonderful B.more wonderful C.less wonderful D.the most wonderful 10.Walking and riding your bike count,and so do school sports. 步行和骑自行车就算,校内体育活动也算。 So+do+主语 此句型为倒装结构,其主语与上文句子中的主语是不同的。so 代表上句中陈述的肯定内 容。do 可以是 be 动词、情态动词或助动词,且必须与上句中的谓语动词保持时态的一致,意 思为“??也是如此”。此句型只用于肯定句。否定句要用“neither/nor+do+主语”或肯定 句用“So it is with+宾格”结构替换。 ①I enjoy reading the book and so does my wife. 我喜欢看这本书,我的妻子也喜欢。 ②—He can speak English very well. 他英语讲得很好。 —So can she.(=She can speak English very well,too.) 她英语也讲得很好。 ③—Tom was a good student and worked very hard. 汤姆是一位好学生,他工作非常努力。 —So it was with Jack.杰克也是如此。 用法拓展 So+主语+do 这是一种简单的答语,是对上文所说的情况加以肯定。其中 so 的意义相当于 indeed, certainly。表示“的确如此”“确实这样”。
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①—He works hard.他工作努力。 —So he does,and so does his brother. 他确实是这样,他兄弟也是如此。 ②—You went to see the film yesterday?你昨天去看电影了? —So I did.是的,我看了。 ③—He is a good student.他是个好同学。 —So he is.确实是这样。 反馈 10.1Bill wasn't happy about the delay of the report by Jason,and ______. A.I was neither B.neither was I C.I was either D.either was I 反馈 10.2 If Joe's wife won't go to the party,______. A.he will either B.neither will he C.he neither will D.either he will 反馈 10.3 —It's burning hot today,isn't it? —Yes.______yesterday. A.So was B.So it were C.So is D.So is it 反馈 10.4 —So hard ______ that he seldom goes home. —______ he does.He should have a good rest actually. A.he works;So B.does he work;Nor C.he works;Nor D.does he work;So

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考点归纳拓展 【思路点拨】 1.1 C 句意:——妈妈,我一定要各科成绩都优异吗?——当然了,宝贝。俗话说得好, 知识就是力量。power“力量”,主要指做事所依靠的能力。 1.2 D power“权力,动力”;strength“力量,力气”;force“力,武力,效力”;energy“精力,

能量,能源”。句意:他总是精力充沛。因此 D 项符合句意。 1.3 B force“力,武力, 效力”;power“权力, 动力”;strength“力量, 力气”;control“控制”; have power over sb.“对某人有管理权”。句意:现在我对他有了管理权,我可以让他做我想让他 做的一切。 1.4 B force “力, 暴力, 武力”; strength“力量, 力气”; energy“精力, 活力, 能量”; power“动 力,权力”。句意:我筋疲力尽了。还要过一些时间我才能完全恢复体力。故 B 项符合语境。 2.1 A 本题第一空侧重包含的成分,第二空侧重于“7 modules”这个整体中的部分,所以 应选 A 项。 2.2 D 句意: 即使他们没把食物的开支列在支出里, 这次去美国度假依然很便宜。 include 的主语和宾语属于同一范畴。 2.3 B 句意:小约翰尼摸着袋子,非常好奇地想知道里面装着什么东西。contain“包含, 含有”;collect“搜集,整理”;load“装载”;save “挽救”。 3.1 D 前一句问的是这家旅馆营业多长时间了,这里只有 since 后面接时间点,表示一段 时间。 3.2 C 句意为“科学家说可能还要五年才有可能在病人身上实验这种药物。 ”此处用 before 表示“(还要??)才??”。 4.1 C spoil 意指“使??扫兴,搞糟”,如: Quarrelling spoilt the picnic.(争吵使这次野

餐弄得很扫兴。 )hurt“伤害”;damage “损坏”;harm“危害”,均不合题意。 4.2 1)ruined 2)destroyed 3)damaged 4)spoil 5.1 C prefer doing to doing 表示“比起做??更喜欢做??”。 5.2 D 本题考查的是 prefer...to...“喜欢??而不喜欢??;宁愿??而不愿??”。用作

宾语的是名词、代词或动词的ing 形式,其中 to 是介词,不是动词不定式符号。再由句意可 知,应选 D 项。 5.3 A prefer to do “宁愿??”;其中 to 是不定式符号,否定式在其前面加 not。 6 1)work 2)sent/given 3)taken/pulled 4)Look/Watch 5)hand 6)find

7)gone 8)bring 9)called 10)get/take/bring 11)gave/handed 12)worn 13)show 14)help 15)carried 16)cried 17)come 18)broke 22)set
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20)let 21)keep

23)make 24)go 25)run 7 D 根据回答可知问话人的意思为“200 美元够吗?”。故应选 do“合适;足够”。 8.1 C 由 worth 的用法可知,此句只适合 be worthwhile to do sth.结构。 8.2 B 此句中 it 作形式宾语,不定式是真正的宾语,可以改成 it is worthwhile to do sth.。 8.3 A 一般来说,worth 前面可用 well,really,very much,hardly,easily 等词语修饰, 这里用 well 的比较级 better 来修饰。 8.4 D 本题考查词义辨析。句意:你们查看那个计划了吗?还没有,那个计划值得仔细

考虑。be short of“缺乏”;be fond of“喜欢”;be proud of“骄傲”。 8.5 D 英语中有“be worth doing ??值得做”以及“it is worth doing sth.做某事是值得的”, 该结构中 worth 后的动名词与句子有动宾关系,但该动名词只能用主动形式表示被动意义。 8.6 D 若用 worth,其后应接动名词的主动式,而用 worthy,则后接动名词的被动式。 8.7 B 根据 worth,worthy 和 worthwhile 的用法,可以排除 A、C、D 三个选项。 9.1 D 句意:她唱得多动听呀,我从没听过比这更好的声音。这里是泛指声音,故不需

用定冠词 the。 9.2 B 句意:——他的表演怎么样?——哦,不可能有比这再棒的了。 10.1 B 句意:比尔对詹森的报告延迟感到不高兴。我也是。考查 neither 表否定时,用于 句首引起部分倒装的结构,根据前半句的信息词(wasn't)提示,应该选 B 项 Neither was I. 根据以上原则和要求,可判断 A 项未倒装,C、D 两项中的 either 无此用法,而且表示肯定语 意不合情景要求。 10.2 B “neither+倒装句”意为“??也不”。根据所提供的情景“If Joe's wife won't go to the

party”可判断出“如果乔的妻子不愿意去参加聚会,他也不愿意去”。will 用于条件状语从句时, 是情态动词,意为“愿意”。either 用于否定句,正确的形式是:he won't either。 10.3 A 由 so+助动词/系动词 be/情态动词+主语表示“??也是一样”。so was yesterday 表示昨天的天气与今天一样,都非常热。 10.4 D 在 so...that,such...that 句型中,如 so,such 位于句首,主句应用部分倒装结构。 后面为“So+主语+助动词”结构,表示“的确如此”。

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