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人教新课标高中英语必修一知识点详细归纳总结


新课标必修 1 Unit1 Friendship 重点词组: be good to 对….友好 calm down 镇定下来 hide away 躲藏;隐藏 add up 合计 have got to 不得不 another time 改时间 walk the dog 遛狗 get sth done 使…被做 make a list of 列出

be concerned about 关心;挂念 set down 放下;记下 on purpose 故意 get along with 与…相处

share sth with sb 和某人分享某物 a series of 一系列;一套 in order to/ so as to 为了 pack up 收拾,打理行装

go through 经历;仔细检查 be crazy about 对…着迷 face to face 面对面地 according to 按照;根据…所说 communicate with sb 和…交际 try out 试验;试用 look to sth 注意,留心某事 cheat sb (out) of sth 骗取某人某物 句子归纳: 1.I wonder if… 我想知道是否….

have trouble with sb/sth 同某人闹意见;做…有困难 throw away the friendship 放弃/终止友谊 join in 参加(活动) fall in love 相爱 far and wide ignorant of 到处

无知的

have the/a habit of doing sth 有做…的习惯

2. It’s because… 这是因为…. 此从句中 because 不能用 since 或 as 代替 3. What do you think a good friend should be like? 你认为一个好朋友应该是什么样的呢? 4. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. =While you were walking the dog, …在遛狗时,你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子,结果狗被车撞了。(当 while, when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和 be 动词省去。) 5. Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 你想有一位无 话不谈、能推心置腹的朋友吗? 6. I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我已 经很久不能去户外,所以我变得对自然界的所有东西都很感兴趣。 7. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。 8. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. grateful if… 委婉客气提出请求) 如果您给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。 (I would be

9. It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. 10. She found it difficult to settle and… 11. This series of readers is very interesting. 12. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

记日记对你来说是个好习惯。

13. People are told that their actions should be as gentle as the wind that blows from the sea. 新课标必修 1 Unit2 重点词组: in…ways 在…方面 such as 例如 believe it or not 信不信由你 come up with 提出

come up to a place 参观某地 at the end of 在…末期 change…into 把…变成 the same…as 与…相同的 be present at 在席;出席 at sb’s request 应某人的要求 request that …(should)+v 原形 be different from 与…不同 be native to 是…的土产动物/植物

ever before 从前 be based on 在...基础上 in the early days 在早期 at present 目前 carry out a rule 执行规则 have a command of 掌握 in one direction 朝一个方向 in the 1600’s = in the 1600s as we know 正如我们所知

even if/ though 即使 close to 距离…近 take…with…随身携带 be absent from 缺席 be a native of 是…人 make a request 请求 give commands 命令 as a rule 通常;照例 an international language 一门国际语言

an international organization 一个国际组织 play an important role/ part 在…中起重要作用 come up (vi) 走进;上来;发生;被讨论 from one place to another 从一处到另一处 句子归纳:

play a role/ part (in) 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;参与 because of 因为;由于 make (good/ full) use of (好好/充分)利用 present sth to sb / present sb with sth

1. However, they may not be able to understand everything.(然而,他们可能不是什么都懂。) 2. This is because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.(这是因为英国于 1765 年到 1947 年统治过印度。) 3. All languages change when cultures communicate with one another.

(当不同文化互相沟通时,所有的语言都会发生变化。) 4. What the British call “petrol” the Americans call “gas”. (美国人把被英国人称作“petrol”的东西称作“gas”。 此处 what 引导宾语从句) 5. Actually, it was based more on German than present day English. (实际上,当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。) 6. …those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. 7. The US is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. (in which= where, 其引导定语从句。 美国是一个大国,国内说着许许多多的方言。) 8. …there is more than one kind of English in the world. (more than one+单数可数名词,作主语时,谓语用单数) 9. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. (对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。) 句型:It is + adj/n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是… 扩充:It is + adj+ of /for sb to do sth

当句式中形容词修饰 to do sth 时用 for; 若形容词修饰 sb,则用 of.eg: It’s kind of you to help me carry the box. 附: 1. either…or…和 neither…nor…连接两个名词作主语,谓语动词采取就近原则。 2. be different in 强调在某方面的不同 3. in the end 最后,最终 三个表示最后最终的用法: ⑴finally: 按照顺序的最后,常与 first, secondly 等连用 ⑶in the end: 经过长期曲折斗争努力,终于… 4. include ─ including; included government (n) ─ govern(v) solve (v) ─ solution (n) 5. petrol------gas ; lift------elevator; flat------apartment film------movie; sweets----candy; post------mail 如:战争等 actually ─ actual (adj); apidly ─ rapid (v) ⑵at last: 经过长时间等待直到最后 后无 of 结构 be different from 强调在各方面的不同

identity ─ identify wide (adj) ─ widen (v);

broad (adj) ─ broaden (v) foreign ─ foreigner;

新课标必修 1 Unit3 Travel Journal

重点词组: one-way fare 单程票 care for 喜欢,照顾 give up 放弃 at an altitude of 在…海拔上 to my mind = in my opinion put up one’s tents 搭起帐篷 dream of/ about doing sth 梦想做某事 round-trip fare 往返票 graduate from 从…毕业 care about 忧虑,关心 give in (to)屈服;让步 at midnight 午夜 change one’s mind 改变主意 make up one’s mind to do 决心干某事

care to do 愿意/同意做某事 give in (vt) 上交 give up doing/sth as usual 像往常一样 attitude to/ toward(s) 对…态度 make camp 野营,宿营

sth be familiar to sb 某事为某人所熟悉 go for long bike rides 做长途自行车旅行

persuade sb to do sth= persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 persuade sb not to do sth= persuade sb out of doing sth 说服某人不做某事 determine to do sth ( 动作) / be determined to do sth (心理) 决心干某事 get sb interested in 使某人对..感兴趣 insist on (one’s) sth/ doing sth 一定要;坚持要 sb be familiar with sth 某人熟悉某事

the best way of doing sth/ the best way to do sth 干某事的最好办法 can’t wait/ can hardly wait to do sth 迫不及待想干某事 for one thing… for another (用来引出某事的理由)一则… 二则… 句子归纳:

take one’s breath away 使某人大吃一惊

1. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River. 强调句基本句型:it is/ was…. that….其中指人时可用 who(主),whom(宾)。 2. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we (should) find the source of the river. insist that….(should)+ v 原形 坚持要;坚持要求 insist that….陈述语气 坚持说;坚持认为

3. Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? 4. To climb the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hills was great fun. 5. Good luck on your journey. 6. The lake shone like glass in the moonlight. (simile)

新课标必修 1 Unit4 Earthquakes 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: have time to do 有时间做某事 burst into tears/ laughter blow away 吹走、刮走 be pleased to do 乐意做某事 tens of thousands of 成千上万 think little of 对……评价低 invite sb for/ to sth seventy-five percent 75% happen to do 碰巧做某事 in ruins 成为废墟 fall down 倒塌 make/ give a speech 发表演说 dig out 挖掘 shake hands with sb 握手 cut across 穿过、横穿 rescue workers 救援人员 judging….from 根据……来判断 burst out crying/laughing 突然哭/笑起来

be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 think highly of 对……评价高 agree with sb one-third1/3 two-thirds 2/3

give out 发出(气味等);分发;耗尽 be trapped in/ under 陷入……/ 陷在……下面 have sb do sth= make sb do sth= let sb do sth

a great/ large number of =a great many/good 大量的 the high school speaking competition 高中演讲比赛

come to an end (vi) = put/ bring sth to an end = put/ bring an end to sth 结束某事 agree to sth give off 发出(气味等) agree to do sth give back 归还 give away 赠送;泄露

agree on sth 达成一致意见 as you know 正如你所知道的 be known for 因……而出名

right away= right now= at once= immediately 立刻 as is known to all 众所周知 it is useless doing sth

be known as 作为……而知名

as could be expected 正如可以预料到的 有计划 偶发 战争等爆发

happen= take place= come about= break out 偶发 句子归纳: 1. It is always calm before a storm.

2. Now, imagine there has been a big earthquake. 此句为 There be 句型 3. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. 现在分词表伴随 4. It seemed that the world was at an end. 5. Water, food and electricity were hard to get. 句型:主语+ be + adj + to do 6. All hope was not lost. 其中 to do 用主动形式表示被动含义

all 与 not 连用 表示部分否定

7. It’s never too late to learn. 附:分词用法 之 作定语 falling leaves 正在落的叶子 fallen leaves

活到老,学到老。

boiling water 正在沸腾的水 boiled water 开水

已经落在地上的叶子

新课标必修 1 Unit5 Nelson Mandela 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: lose heart 丧失勇气 be worried about 担心(状态) worry about 担心 in trouble 处于不幸中 lose one’s heart to sb/sth 爱上,喜欢上 be sentenced to 被判处 be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪 as a matter of fact = in fact = actually 事实上 send up 发射,使上涨 set off 出发,动身 prevent sb (from) doing sth

be out of work = lose one’s job 失业 be equal to 相等的,平等的 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 blow up 充气 爆炸 beg for 乞讨 invite sb for/ to sth

set up 建立,创立;设置 go up 上升,增长;被兴建 stop sb (from) doing sth

set about 着手做某事 (set about doing sth) set out 陈列,摆出;开始(set out to do sth)

be active in = take an active part in 积极参与,在……活跃 die from 死于(外因)

keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 die for 为……而死

die of 死于(内因 如:饥饿,寒冷,疾病等)

put sb in prison= throw sb into prison= send sb to prison 把……投入监狱 advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事 advice 不可数 advise doing sth fight for 为争取……而斗争 fight against 为反对……而斗争 fight with 同……并肩作战/ 同……斗争 work out 算出 have a go= have a try a piece of advice advise sb on sth advise that (should)+ v 原 have problems/ difficulty/ trouble with sth break the law 违反法律 be willing to do sth 乐于做某事 answer violence with violence 以暴制暴 social activities 社会活动 violence (n)------violent (adj)

have problems/ difficulty/ trouble (in) doing sth realize one’s dream of 实现…… 的梦想 come to power 当权,上台 equal (adj)--- equally (adv)--- equality (n)

cruelty (n)--- cruel (adj)--- cruelly (adv) willing----unwilling 不愿意的 句子归纳:

educated (adj)------education (n) active----inactive 不活跃的

1. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. only 放在句首且后接状语时(作状语:副词;介词短语;状语从句),要使用部分倒装------才用一般疑问句语序。 Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth. Only when his father came back did he go to bed. (从句无需倒装,主句要倒装) 2. He strongly believed in the three principles: nationalism; people’s rights; people’s livelihood. 3. I felt bad the first time I talked to the group. 链接:It’s the first time that 现在完成时 the first time 用法相当于连词用法,用来引导从句 It was the first time that 过去完成时

4. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. (should have done 本应做而未做) needn’t have done 本不应做而做了 can’t have done 过去不可能做过

新人教版高一英语必修一模块测试
一、单项选择 1.Her child was crying, but she ___________ him and carried on with her work. A. knew A. that, the same A. but A. such as A. to A. calm down A. is, taking off A. How A. go through A. give up A. had seen B. ignored C. recognized D. joined D. what , same D. for D. that’s to say D. for D. add up ——At 7: 45 pm. D. are, taken off D. How many D. set down D. give in D. seeing 2. The jacket __________ you bought just now is __________ mine. B. which, the same as C. what, the same B. while B. such like B. of B. settle down B. are, taking off B. What B. laugh at B. give off B. have seen C. when C. for example C. in C. come up C. is , taken off C. How much C. care about C. give out C. see 3. You like singing ________ she likes dancing. 4. Many of us are from the south, _________, Li Lei is from Guang Dong. 5. The answer _________ the problem is quite easy. 6. Please _____________ . The class is too noisy. 7. ——Excuse me. What time ________ the plane __________ ? 8. ___________ is the population of your city! 9. Good friends do not _______ what they do for each other; instead they offer help when it is needed. 10. As neither of them would ___________ , no decision was taken that day. 11. It was the first time that I ___________ the night face to face. 12. Isn’t __________ rude __________ him to talk to his mother like that?

A. that, for A. took A. stay A. from going A. listens A. as A. picture A. and A. away 二、单词拼写

B. he , of B. spent B. am staying B. to go B. hears B. that B. attention B. so B. go

C. it, for C. needed C. have stayed C. for going C. sounds C. which C. line C. but C. off

D. it , of D. cost D. had stayed D. went D. is heard D. with D. curtains D. however D. leave

13. It _________ us two hours to get to the zoo on foot. 14. I __________ in Shanghai but I’ll go back to Beijing in a month or two. 15. He stopped me _____________ into his room. 16. Her voice _________ pleasant to my ears. 17. I have bought the same trousers _________ he is wearing. 18. Please draw the __________, the sunlight is too bright. 19. Mike is only seven years old, _________, he worked out the problem. 20. There is little time left. I must be _________ now.

1. Pressure is a major problem of ________(现代的)life, so we need to learn to deal with it. 2. It took him a long time to get used to the __________(南方的) climate. 3. She has changed a lot. I could hardly r __________her on first sight. 4. He got a job in a foreign company after he g____________ from university. 5. With the help of Tom, Mary _________(终于) worked out the maths problem. 6. I am not f_______ with the small town. Can you show me the way to the bus station? 7. Life would be very difficult without ___________(电) . 8. As we all know, Italy is a __________ (欧洲)country. 9. Products of high q_______ sell well in the market. 10. It was the second time that he had been elected as ________(总统). 三、根据中文提示填空( 每空 1 分,共 19 分) 1. 直到战争结束他才意识到自由的重要性。_____ _____ the war was over _______he ________ the importance of freedom. 2. 这是我第一次用英语与外国人交谈。 It is _______ _______ _________ that I ______ _______ with a foreigner in English. 3. 据说运气在他的成功中起了很重要的作用. success. 4. 他下决心大学毕业以后经商。He has ______ ________his mind to go into business after leaving college. 5. 我认为有必要在 2008 年奥运会之前提高我们的英语口语。 I think _______ _________ ________ improve our spoken English before the 2008 Olympic Games 四、短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) In the nineteen century, the river became very dirty because many factories were builded. People threw everything they didn't want to into the river. Many dirty things got into the river. In 1830, the river in London became even worst: No fish could live in it, but nobody could drink the water. But in middle of the 20th century the river was clean again. Although the water not used for drinking, it is very clean that some fish have returned back to it. 1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________ 6. _________ 7. _________ 8. _________ 9. _________ 10. _________ _____ ______ ______ that luck _______ an important ______ in his


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