话题积累 水滴石穿 基础盘点 自我演练 要点精研 考点讲练
1.thunder and lightning 雷电交加 2.weather forecast 天气预报
3.greenhouse effect 温室效应 4.global warming 全球变暖
5.right away 立刻；马上
6.calm down 平静下来
话题短 7.burst out 爆发
8.burst into 闯入；情绪的突然发作
语 9.in ruins 废墟
10.dig out 挖掘
11.give out 分发；发出
12.prepare for 为……做准备
13.instead of 代替；不是
14.at an end 完结，结束
15.a great number of 大量的
16.be shocked at 对……感到震惊
1.This has been the worst in the past decade/ten years.这是 十年来最严重的一次。 2.It is reported that the heavy rainfall caused rivers to 话题句型 break their banks，washing away bridges. 据报道大雨导 致河水溃堤，桥梁冲毁。 3.The rescue work is going on/is still under way.救灾工作 正在进行。
4.In the meantime，people nationwide are taking an active part in raising funds for disaster areas/people nationwide are actively donating money to the disaster area.与此同时，全国人民都在积极为灾区捐款。 话题句型 5.It was estimated that the economic loss was more than 9.7 billion yuan.估计造成经济损失超过 97 亿元。 6.In spite of all this，the government called on the whole nation to support the places hit by the worst disaster. 尽管 如此，政府还是号召全国支援被这次大灾难袭击的地区。
5 月 12 日是汶川地震纪念日，你校校报编辑向你约稿。请你 用英语写一篇关于汶川地震的短文，以悼念在地震中丧生的人。 【话题模板】 话题语 Nine years ago，a big earthquake struck Wenchuan in Sichuan 篇 Province on this day.The quake was so strong that one-third of the nation felt it.In several terrible minutes，the city and the countryside
lay in ruins.The suffering of the people was extreme.Everything was destroyed.People were shocked.It seemed as if the world was at an end.
All hope was not lost.Soon after the quake，a great number of soldiers were sent to help to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.Soldiers and volunteers built shelters for the survivors 话题语 whose homes had been destroyed. 篇 To our great relief，now a new Wenchuan has been constructed.No words are strong enough to express our thanks for the great efforts the soldiers and the volunteers have made to help Wenchuan people.
Ⅰ.核心单词 ?基础词汇 1．____b_u_r_s_t ____ vi.爆裂；爆发 n．突然破裂；爆发 2．____e_v_e_n_t ____ n．事件；大事 3．____r_u_in______ n．废墟；毁灭 vt.毁灭；使破产 4．___e_x_t_re_m__e___ adj.极度的 5．____d_e_st_r_o_y___ vt.破坏；毁坏；消灭 6．____sh_o_c_k_____ vt.& vi.(使)震惊；震动 n．休克；打击；震惊
7．____r_e_sc_u_e____ n．& vt.援救；营救 8．____t_r_ap______ vt.使陷入困境 n．陷阱；困境 9．___d_i_s_as_t_e_r ___ n．灾难；灾祸 10．____b_u_ry______ vt.埋葬；隐藏
?派生词汇 1．__e_x_p_r_es_s_ vt.表达→e_x_p_r_e_s_si_o_nn．表达 2．__i_n_ju__re__ vt.损害；伤害→__i_n_ju_r_y__ n．伤害；损害→__in_j_u_r_ed__ adj.受伤 的 3．e_l_e_c_tr_ic_i_ty_ n．电；电流；电学→_e_l_e_ct_r_ic__ adj.用电的；带电的→_e_le_c_t_ri_c_a_l adj.与电有关的；电学的 4．_f_r_ig_h_t_e_n_ vt.使惊吓；吓唬→f_r_ig_h_t_e_n_e_d adj 受惊的；受恐吓的→f_r_ig_h_t_e_n_in_g adj.令人恐惧的 5．_c_o_n_g_r_at_u_l_at_i_o_n n．祝贺；(复数)贺词→_c_o_n_g_ra_t_u_la_t_e_ vt.祝贺
?词缀归纳 在 frightening 中，后辍-ing 除放在动词后构成分词或与 be 构成进行时态外， 还可放在某些表示情感和心理状态的动词后，构成形容词，一般译为“令人…… 的”。类似的词还有：exciting，inspiring，moving，surprising，astonishing， interesting，puzzling，tiring，touching 等。
?词汇串记 “真诚，诚实”家族 ①sincere adj.真诚的；sincerely adv.真诚地 ②genuine adj.真诚的，真心的；genuinely adv.真诚地，诚实地 ③hearty adj.亲切的，真诚的，热诚的 ④pure-hearted adj.真诚的 ⑤honest adj.诚实的，正直的；honesty n．诚实，正直，坦诚
Ⅱ.高频短语 1．轻视；认为……没价值__t_h_in_k__li_tt_l_e_o_f____ 2．仿佛；好像___a_s_if___________ 3．掘出；发现____d_ig__o_u_t _______ 4．集资；筹款；募捐___r_a_is_e_m__o_n_e_y____ 5．right away__立__刻__；__马__上______ 6．at an end___结__束__；__终__结_____ 7．in ruins__严__重__受__损__；__破__败__不堪 8．a(great)number of__许__多__；__大__量__的____ 9．in the open air___在__户__外_________ 10．give a speech____做__演__讲________ 11．cut across_抄__近__路__穿__过__；__走__近_ 路
?即时演练 选用上面的短语填空 At 1：47 a．m.on September 21st,1999，a terrible earthquake of magnitude 7.6 shook Taiwan.It seemed 1.___a_s_i_f______ everything was 2.__a_t_a_n__e_n_d___.Hundreds of houses were 3.___i_n_r_u_in_s____，so people had to stay 4._i_n_t_h_e_o_p_e_n_a_i_r and over 2,000 people were trapped in the fallen buildings.5._A_g_r_e_a_t_n_u_m__b_er__o_f people lost their homes.It was the strongest earthquake that had ever hit Taiwan in a century.
Ⅲ.重点句型 1．【教材原句】 It seemed as if the world was at an end. 点拨：It seemed/seems as if ...看起来好像…… 仿写：看起来似乎这一百万人几乎都没有把这些事件当回事，当天晚上照 常睡着了。 _I_t _se_e_m__e_d_a_s_i_f_t_h_e_o_n_e_m__il_l_io_n__p_e_o_p_le_t_h_o_u_g_h_t_l_it_tl_e_o_f_t_h_e_s_e_e_v_e_n_ts and were asleep as usual that night.
2．【教材原句】 Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. 点拨：everywhere 作连词，引导地点状语从句 仿写：这个年轻的歌手无论在哪儿出现，总是被一群疯狂的粉丝包围。 __E_v_e_r_y_w_h_e_r_e_t_h_e_y_o_u_n_g__s_in_g_e_r_g_o_e_s_/a_p_p_e_a_r_s____，he is always surrounded by a group of crazy fans.
3．【教材原句】 Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.
点拨：whose 引导定语从句 仿写：我喜欢住在墙壁被涂成浅黄色的房子里。 I like to live in the house _w_h_o_s_e__w_a_ll_s_a_r_e_p_a_i_n_te_d__li_g_h_t _y_e_ll_o_w__.
4．【教材原句】 Thousands of families were killed and many children were left without parents.
点拨：leave＋宾语＋宾语补足语 仿写：你最好不要把你的儿子单独留在家里。毕竟，他还太小不能照顾自 己。 You had better not __le_a_v_e_y_o_u_r_s_o_n__a_lo_n_e_a_t_h_o_m__e__.After all，he is too young to look after himself.
5．【教材原句】 All hope was not lost. 点拨：all ...not ...并非所有的……都…… 仿写：他们并非都正确。 __A_l_l _o_f_th_e_m__a_r_e_n_o_t_r_i_g_h_t _.＝Not all of them are right.
Ⅳ.教材活用 语法填空 根据课文内容完成下面的短文 Several days before July 28,1976 ， many strange things happened in Tangshan.But people 1.__w_h__o_/t_h_a_t ___ lived there didn't think much of that.At 3：42 am that day，the Earth began to shake，which destroyed almost the whole city 2.____i_n_______ a few seconds.3.____T_h_e______ number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.Many people came to rescue those who 4._w__e_re__tr_a_p_p_e_d_(trap) under the ruins.The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and 5.___t_o_b_u_r_y____(bury) those who were dead.
Workers built shelters for 6.__s_u_r_v_i_v_o_rs___(survive) whose homes had been destroyed with anything 7.___t_h_a_t ______ they could find.Almost everybody did all that they could 8.___a_n_d_______ the city began to breathe again slowly.9.____A________ number of children 10.___w__h_o_s_e____ parents had died in the quake were sent to live with families in other cities.
1．burst(burst，burst) vi.爆裂；爆发 n．突然破裂；爆发 【教材原句】 In the city，the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. 在市内，有些建筑物里的水管爆裂开来。
①(2015·高考课标全国Ⅰ卷·完形填空)When I handed him the gift card，saying he could use it for whatever his family might need，he burst into tears.
②Hearing this，the whole class burst into laughter and my deskmate's face turned red.
→Hearing this，the whole class burst out laughing and my deskmate's face turned red.
burst in/into ?
(2)burst out 突然迸发；爆发
burst out crying/laughing?
burst into tears/laughter ?
burst with anger/joy 勃然大怒/乐不可支
(3)a burst of 一阵
「练一练」 完成下列语段 Yesterday evening I was watching TV at home when the front door _b_u_r_s_t _o_p_en__(突然开了)．My neighbour _b_u_rs_t_i_n_to_(突然闯入)my room.He was out of breath，saying that his newly-bought bike was lost.A __b_u_r_st___(迸发，爆发)of anger appeared on his face while he was talking about the bike.Finally ， he __b_u_r_s_t _o_u_t _c_ry_i_n_g_/b_u_r_s_t_in_t_o_t_e_a_rs___(突然大哭起来)．What should I do？I had to go to the police station with him.
2．ruin n．[U]毁灭；毁坏；崩溃；[常用复数]废墟；遗迹 vt.(使)毁坏；毁 灭；成为废墟；使破产
【教材原句】 In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. 在可怕的 15 秒内，一座大城市就成为一片废墟。 ①(2016·高考北京卷)When they returned to Rockaway the next day，they found their neighborhood in ruins. 当第二天他们返回 Rockaway 时，他们发现他们所在的街区成为废墟。 ②Years of fighting has left Iraq ruined (ruin)． ③It rained for two weeks on end，completely ruining (ruin)our holiday. ④This country was once proud of its education system.Now it seems to be in ruins (ruin)．
(1)lie/be in ruins
come/go/fall to ruin 毁灭；灭亡；崩溃
bring ...to ruin 使……毁灭；使……没落；
(2)ruin oneself 毁掉自己；自取灭亡
ruin one's health/fame/future/pleasure 毁坏某人的健康/声誉/
【教材原句】 Two-thirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake.
他们中有 2/3 在地震中伤亡。
①The injured were (be)sent to the hospital when the storm disappeared.
②I'm so sorry.I didn't mean to do you an injury .
③(2016·高考天津卷)I was wearing a seatbelt.If I hadn't been wearing one，I
could have been injured
the injured 伤员
(2)injury n. 伤；伤口；伤害
do sb.an injury＝do an injury to sb. 伤害某人
「练一练」 完成下列语段 He retired from the army because of being _w__o_u_n_d_e_d__ in a fight.Soon after，he met with an accident，where he was not __in_j_u_r_e_d___ luckily but was ___h_u_r_t ____ to some degree.So there is no ___h_ar_m_____ in comforting him when necessary. 他因在战斗中受伤退伍了。不久他遭遇一次车祸，幸运的是他身体没有受 伤，但在一定程度上心灵受了创伤。因此当必要的时候安慰他一下是有益的。
4．judge vt.断定；判断；判决 n．裁判员；法官；评判员 【教材原句】 Your speech was heard by a group of five judges，all of whom agreed that it was the best one this year. 五个裁判听了你的演讲，他们都同意这是今年最好的。 ① Judged (judge)as a responsible person，Tony was appointed head of the department. ② Judging (judge)from the book I have read，I think he is a very promising writer.
[巧学助记] Judging from what he said，he must be an honest man.On the contrary，he often robs and steals，so the judge pointed out that a man should not be judged by his looks.
judging from/by 表示“从……上看，根据……来判断”，用 在句首时，为一个独立成分，不受句子主语和时态影响，只 用现在分词作状语，而不采用过去分词的形式。
5．at an end 结束；终结
【教材原句】 It seemed as if the world was at an end!
(1)at the end of
by the end of 到……结束时；到……时候
in the end 最后；终于
(2)come to an end 结束
put/bring sth.to an end 结束……
put an end to sth. 结束；终结
(3)make(both)ends meet 使收支相抵；量入为出 (4)end up with 以……结束 end up doing 最终在做某事
[写作链接] 显然，意识到这个差别并且努力缩短差距是我们成功的关键。 否则最后将一事无成。
Evidently，realizing this difference and trying to shorten this gap is the key to achieving our accomplishment，otherwise nothing will be gotten in the end.
(1)The meeting was at an end，but the people still stayed in the meeting hall. _____结__束_________________________________________________________ (2)Winning the competition put an end to his financial problems. ___结__束__；__终__结_____________________________________________________ (3)That job comes to an end now and you can leave. ___完__成__；__结__束_____________________________________________________ (4)In the end，I decided that I wouldn't go after all. ___最__后__；__终__于_____________________________________________________ (5)I make ends meet when the money is running out. __量__入__为__出__；__使__收__支__平__衡____________________________________________
[巧学助记] At the end of the meeting，the general manager said in a loud voice，“We've tried hard to solve the financial problem，and in the end we've succeeded.So by the end of next week，the bad situation will come to an end and everything will be all right.”
6．a(great)number of 许多；大量的 【教材原句】 Such a great number of people died because the quake happened while they were sleeping. 造成如此多的人员死亡是因为地震发生时人们正在睡觉。
①In China ， the number of cities is increasing
development is recognized across the world.
②A number of high buildings have arisen
(arise)where there was
nothing a year ago but ruins.
③—Why does the lake smell terrible? —Because large quantities of water have been polluted
1．It seemed as_if the world was at an end! 好像世界末日到了！ 【句型透视】 as if＝as though“好像”，常引导表语从句或状语从句
?陈述语气?真实或极有可能发生的情况? as if/though??????虚 不拟 可语 能气 发生?不的真情实况或??????虚 虚虚 mi拟 拟拟gh现 过将t/c在 去来ou： ：：ld＋dhwiaoddduodldo/ne
①It seemed as if everyone but me had made friends and was having fun. 好像除了我之外其他人都交了朋友，他们都玩得很愉快。 ②Jack wasn't saying anything but the teacher smiled at him as if he had done (do) something very clever. 杰克没说什么，但是老师向他微笑，好像他之前做的是明智之举似的。
如果as if引导的从句中的主语和主句的主语相同，且含 有be动词，可省略主语和be动词，这样as if后就只剩下 名词、不定式、形容词?短语?、介词短语或分词。 He opened his mouth as if to say something. 他张开嘴好像要说什么。
[阅读链接] (2015·高考福建卷·阅读理解 B)Papa was thinking about what was said，as if the salvation of the world would depend upon it. [分析] as if＝as though，意为“好像”，在本句中引导方式状语从句。 [翻译] 爸爸在考虑所说的话，好像世界的拯救全靠它了。
2．All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 【句型透视】 all ...not＝not ...all 部分否定句式
①All these books are not popular with people.
＝Not all these books are popular with people.
②Every boy is not interested in sports.
＝ Not every boy
is interested in sports.
③Both of the two math problems are not very difficult.
＝ Not both of the two math problems
are very difficult.
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1 ． It is the custom in Britain that young people often do not shake________(hand) when they meet someone for the first time. 2．The rain has rained for half a month，completely________(ruin)our holiday. 3 ． People are curious to get the latest information about many natural________(disaster)，such as earthquake，typhoon and snowstorm. 4．The mother，along with her two children，________________(rescue)from the sinking boat by a passing ship.
答案：1.hands 2.ruining 3.disasters 4.was rescued
5．We sent our________________(congratulate)to her when she passed the exam.
6．People were______________(shock)by the eruption of the volcano，for it was even greater than they had expected.
7．The war lasting three years ended up ____________ great damage to the country.
8．He rose to indicate that the meeting was ____________ an end. 9．I gave him some advice.Luckily he thought ____________(high)of it. 10 ．All the classmates burst________laughter when David acted out the episode. 答案：5．congratulations 6.shocked 7.with 8.at 9.highly 10.into
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．John fell off the tree and wounded his back. ________________________________________________________________ 2．Luckily for him，he survived from the car crash. ________________________________________________________________ 3．People built shelters among the ruin of the city. ________________________________________________________________
答案：1.wounded→injured 2.去掉 from 3.ruin→ruins
4．The news of his wife's death was terrible shock to him. ________________________________________________________________ 5．He was sitting with his head burying in a book. ________________________________________________________________
答案：4.was 后加 a 5.burying→buried
Ⅲ.话题写作 根据提示，利用本单元所学知识，完成下面的小作文。 1．2015 年 4 月 25 日，尼泊尔发生了强烈地震，全世界震惊。(strike；be shocked at) 2．地震现场令人恐惧。整片城市一片废墟；大量楼房倒塌；道路被石块和 砖掩埋；数千人被困在废墟下。总之，几乎一切都被毁了。(lie in ruins；a great number of；be trapped；destroy) 3．幸运的是，地震后全世界人民立刻行动起来帮助当地人渡过难关。(right away；disaster)
4．我真心地希望尼泊尔尽快恢复正常。(sincerely) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
【参考范文】 On April 25,2015，a powerful earthquake struck Nepal.The whole world was shocked at the news.What frightening scenes！The whole city lay in ruins.A great number of buildings fell.Roads were buried by stones and bricks.Thousands of people were trapped under the ruins ！ In a word ， nearly everything was destroyed.But fortunately，after the earthquake，the whole world took action right away to help the locals out of the disaster.I sincerely hope Nepal will return to normal as soon as possible.
? 听课不仅要动脑，还要动口。这样，上课就能够主动接受和吸收知识，把被动的听课变成了一种积极、互动的活动。这对提高我们的学习积极性和口头 表达能力，以及考试时回答主观题很有帮助的。实践证明，凡积极举手发言的学生，学习进步特别快。上课的动口，主要有以下几个方式：
? 第一，复述。 ? 课本上和老师讲的内容，有些往往非常专业和生硬，不好理解和记忆，我们听课时要试着用自己的话把这些知识说一说。有时用自己的话可能要啰嗦
一些，那不要紧，只要明白即可。 ? 第二，朗读。 ? 老师要求大家朗读课文、单词时一定要出声地读出来。 ? 第三，提问。 ? 听课时，对经过自己思考过但未听懂的问题可以及时举手请教，对老师的讲解，同学的回答，有不同看法的，也可以提出疑问。这种方法也可以保证
自己集中注意力。 ? 第四，回答问题。 ? 上课时积极回答问题是吸收知识的有效途径。课堂上回答问题要主动大胆。回答时要先想一想“老师提的是什么问题?”，“它和学过的内容有什么
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