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大学体验英语教案第三册


2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Teaching plan for Unit 1, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Caring for Our Earth
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn to talk about environmental issues; 3) To get some knowledge about the serious condition of environmental pollution and arouse students’ awareness about environment protection; 4) To practice reading skill—word attack strategies and translating skill—extension; 5) To practice topic sentence writing; 6) To learn how to write a letter of invitation to a symposium, forum or conference.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Important Points
1) Get some knowledge about the serious condition of environmental pollution and arouse students’ awareness about environment protection; 2) Key words & phrases: addicted, convenience, isolate, priority, release, specific, trap, all the way, (be) blind to, impact on, sit back, take action, the / a point of no return 3) Structure: “祈使句+and 并列句”相当于含有 if 条件句的复合句; On one hand, …At the same time, … 4) World building: prefix inter5) Writing: paragraph development with a topic sentence and a concluding sentence

Difficult Points
1) Words and expressions about environmental problems 2) Some long and difficult sentences

Teaching Methods
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 class participation.

大学英语课——教案

Contents
I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about global warming and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. Talk about environmental issues with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: A debate between foreign visitors, who have just come to visit China, and their Chinese friends, college students, about the advantages and disadvantages of building the Three Gorges Dam. Useful words and expressions: There’s no doubt... From previous experiences, we know... With modern technologies, we can... It matters because... There will be other effects... I see what you mean, but... influence of environment blocking the passage of fish influence on the weather system disasters of frequent floods smoke from power plants Task 2: Situation: A Chinese student discusses some resource-saving and environmental protection techniques with her host mother in Britain. Useful words and expressions: That’s incredible! ... cut down the power bill by... Not only is it ..., it’s... ... to keep the air-conditioner running Why do you ... rather than...? When you ..., you’re on your way to... environmentally conscious leading to ... artificial atmosphere fresh air life style

Passage A Care for Our Mother Earth
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) Why should we call the earth we live on our Mother Earth?
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

2) What is the root of the environmental problems? 3) What should we do to take care of our Mother Earth? 2. Related Information 1) Global climate trends The main drive behind climate change is the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Its level has risen by a third since the industrial revolution started in the 1760s. As CO2 has built up, so temperature has risen. The main culprits behind increasing CO2 levels are burning fossil fuels and deforestation. The US alone pumps out a quarter of the world’s CO2 emissions. 2) Global pollution trends If the number of cars keeps increasing at the present rate, there will be more than a billion on the road by 2025. Today, motor vehicles put out 900 million tons of carbon dioxide a year —about 15 per cent of our total output. More vehicles will mean more global warming. Also by 2025, two-thirds of the world’s people will live in cities, so traffic jams and pollution will loom large in most people’s lives. 3) Global population trends Never has the pressure on the world’s resources been so great. Over the next 20 years, the global population is expected to grow by a quarter—that’s an extra 1.5 billion mouths to feed. Water is also under pressure as never before. Today, some 500 million people do not have enough water. By 2025, that number is expected to hit 2.5 billion. II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of the interview. 2. Some questions for group discussion. Divide the whole class into four groups, each group dealing with the interview with one expert. Then ask one representative of each group to answer the questions. 1) According to Aman Motwane, what is the biggest threat to the environment today? —The way humans see the environment is the biggest threat. 2) What environment issues Walter Semkiw find most pressing? —The deforesting and global warming are the most pressing environment issues. 3) What do Leon Macson suggest the readers of awareness Magazine can do to help the environmental problem? —The simplest way to help the environment is not to impact on it. 4) What is Leon Nacson’s specific area of concern regarding the state of environment? —He concerns about air and water pollution. 3. The structure of the text: Part 1 The interview with Aman Motwane ? Main idea: Aman Motwane believes that we have to realize that everything is interrelated, and therefore, every action has a consequence. ? Difficult sentences: 1) How we see our environment shapes our whole world. (para.1) ―How we see our environment‖ 为主语从句。 2) Look at the relationship between the tree and its environment and you will see the future of the tree. (para.2) 了解这棵树与其生长环境的关系,你就能预见它的未来。 本句句型: “祈使句+and 并列句” ,可转换为含有 if 条件句的主从复合句,即 If you look
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

at the relationship between the tree and its environment, you will see the future of the tree. 3) It is time for each of us to open our eyes and see the world as it really is —one complete whole where every cause has an effect. (para.3)
现在我们每个人都应该睁开双眼,看清这个世界的真实面貌——它是一个因果相循的完整集合体。

Part 2 The interview with Walter Semkiw ? Main idea: Walter Semkiw is especially concerned with deforestation and global warming. ? Difficult sentences: 1) The loss of trees upsets the ecosystem as trees are necessary to build topsoil, maintain rainfall in dry climates, purify underground water and to convert carbon dioxide to oxygen. (para.4) 毁
掉树木也就破坏了生态环境, 因为树木可以维护表层土壤, 保持干旱气候地带的降雨量, 净化地下水, 并将二氧化碳转化为氧气。

2) Global warming results from the burning of fossil fuels, such as petroleum products, resulting in the release of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. (para.5)
全球变暖是燃烧石油等矿物燃料引起的,从而导致了温室气体被排放到大气中。

Part 3 The interview with Leon Nacson ? Main idea: Leon Macson is particularly worried about air and water pollution. ? Difficult sentences: 1) Tread as lightly as you can, take as little as possible, and put back as much as you can. (Para. 6)
要尽量少摧残它,尽可能少索取,多回报。

2) These are two elements that are not inexhaustible, and we must realize that once we reach the point of no return, there will be nothing left for future generations. (Para. 7)
空气和水这两种物质并非取之不竭,我们必须认识到,一旦到了无可挽回的地步,我们的子孙就将一 无所有。

Part 4 The interview with Amrit Desai ? Main idea: Amrit Desai makes a link between consumption and global resources, arguing that human greed poses a serious threat to Mother Earth. ? Useful sentence structure: On one hand, …. At the same time… III. Language points New words 1. addicted adj. dependent on sth, esp. a drug 成瘾的 Examples: Some students are so addicted to computer games that they neglect their studies. The girl is addicted to chocolates. 2. convenience n. 1) the quality of being suitable for a particular purpose, especially because it is easy to use or saves one energy 方便 Examples: Many women prefer the convenience of working at home while their children are small. I decided to buy the house for the convenience of living close to my parents. 2) an apparatus, service, etc., which gives comfort or advantage 便利设施或用具 The supermarket offers a bag-packing service, as a convenience to customers. public convenience (usu. plural)( formal) a public toilet 公共厕所 convenient adj. suited or favorable to one’s comfort, purpose, or needs 方便的
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Examples: I find my bike a very convenient way of getting around. Will it be convenient for you to start work tomorrow? 3. isolate v. to set apart or cut off from others 使??孤立,使??隔离 Examples: Presley’s early success isolated him from his friends. This policy could isolate the country from other members of the United Nations. 4. priority n. something that must be dealt with as soon as possible and before other less important things 优先(权) ,重点 Examples: Agriculture is still a high priority in most developing countries. Banks normally give priority to large businesses when deciding on loans. prior adj. preceding before in time, order, importance, or value 在??之前,预先的 Examples: She couldn’t go to the party because of a prior engagement. The widow’s nephew has a prior claim to the property according to an earlier legal agreement. 5. release v. to stop holding something that one has been holding tightly or carefully 释放,放出 Examples: The judge agreed to release the prisoner in consideration of his worsening health. Thousands of balloons were released at the beginning of the rally. 6. specific adj. special, distinctive, or unique; detailed and exact 明确的,具体的 Examples: Massage may help to increase blood flow to specific areas of the body. This book gives specific instructions on how to make patent leather. 7. trap v. 1) to catch by a trick or deception 设陷阱,诱捕 Examples: The innocent girl was trapped into an unhappy marriage. The scoundrel was trapped into telling the police all he knew. 2) to prevent someone or something from escaping from a dangerous place 挡住,拦住 Examples: The greenhouse stays warm because the glass traps the heat of the sun. Twenty miners were trapped underground and only five survived. Expressions 1. all the way (from,over) a long distance 从远道 Examples: Football fans came all the way from every corner of the world to watch the World Cup 2002. Beauty is only skin deep, but ugliness goes all the way to the bone! 2. (be) blind to to completely fail to notice or realize something 对??没有察觉到的 Examples: They seemed to be blind to the consequences of their decision. David’s good looks and impeccable manners have always made Rebecca blind to his faults. 3. impact on to have an important or noticeable effect on someone or something 对??产生影响 Examples: How will this program impact on the local community? Falling export rates have considerably impacted on the country’s economy. 4. result from to happen or exist as a result of something 起因于 Examples: Those problems resulted from the poor management. Many hair problems result from what one eats. 5. result in to make something happen; to cause 造成 Examples: The talks between Russia and the United States resulted in missile reduction. Regular trips back to her motherland have resulted in her first book, Tiger Balm. 6. sit back to relax and make no effort to get involved in something 不采取行动,观望 Examples: Can we just sit back and do nothing when there are so many homeless people on
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

the streets? Don’t just sit back and wait for new business to come to you. 7. take action to follow the process of doing in order to deal with a problem or difficult situatio
开始行动

Examples: The police took firm action to deal with the riots. The government is taking emergency action to deal with the power shortage. 8. the / a point of no return the point in a course of action beyond which reversal is not possible. Examples: Something must be done before the situation reached the point of no return. If he doesn’t have his heart operation very soon, he’s in danger of reaching a point of no return. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A In an interview for Awareness magazine, four specialists discuss their views on environmental issues with Dr. McKinley. Leon Macson is particularly worried about air and water pollution and Walter Semkiw is especially concerned with deforestation and global warming. Aman Motwane believes that we have to realize that everything is related, and therefore that every action has a consequence; and Amrit Desai makes a link between consumption and global resources, arguing that human greed poses a serious threat to Mother Earth. The message is that the environment is OUR responsibility and that we all have a part to play if we want to save our planet. 2. Ask one representative of each group to state the point of view of each expert. 3. Role-play: Invite some volunteers to act as the interviewer and the four experts. V. Doing exercises on pages 14-18. VI. Homework: Ask students to write a short paragraph (100-120 words) about some environmental problem in his or her hometown.

Passage B Frog Story
I. Warm-up Questions: 1. What happened to the author and the frog? The frog was endangered by the worsening environment and came to ―inform‖ the author of the severe situations. 2. What does the story imply to you? Man and animals are related as they live in the same environment. II. Summary of Passage B In this story the author who works with environmental topics is surprised when a tree frog takes up residence in his studio. Puzzled at first by the frog’s apparent preference for the studio rather than a greenhouse attached to the cabin, one day the author seems to make telepathic (心灵 感应的) contact with the animal. At first he seems to understand that the frog is attracted by the sound of the computer that resembles the sounds made by other tree frogs, but then he starts to realize that the frog is there to remind him of his responsibilities to protect the environment. Related Information Tree Frog
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Also known as tree toad, tree frog refers to a family of small to medium-sized frogs, found in temperate and tropical areas throughout the world. Most tree frogs have expanded disks on their toes that enable them to cling to surfaces. Body color ranges from brown and gray to green. They eat mainly insects. The gray tree frog is common throughout the eastern United States. III. Language points 1. audio adj. related to recording and broadcasting sound 听觉的,声音的 Examples: With such an audio card in your computer, you can produce your own music. Audio signals will be given when traffic light changes. 2. brilliant adj. bright, shining 光辉的,灿烂的 Examples: The woman had brilliant green eyes. The sky was a brilliant, cloudless blue. 3. communicate v. to exchange information or conversation with other people 告知,传达 Examples: They communicate in sign language with ease. It’s cheap and efficient to use e-mail to communicate with your friends wherever they may be. 4. focus v. to pay special attention to a particular person or thing instead of others 集中(注意力) Examples: I cannot focus my attention on my study in such a noisy room. The TV program focuses on the reason why people take drugs. 5. overtake v. to come upon unexpectedly; take by surprise 追上,赶上 Examples: Something like panic overtook me in a flash. The people all over the world were overtaken by the 9-11 attack in New York. 6. survive v. to continue to exist in spite of many difficulties and dangers 存活 Examples: When market economy is introduced, many factories will find it difficult to survive. The chance of surviving an air crash is slim if not nil. 7. urge n. a strong wish or need 强烈的渴求,冲动 Examples: The people with a powerful urge to compete and succeed are more likely to have heart attacks. When I was young, I often felt an urge for chocolates 8. at this / that rate at this/that speed 按这样的速度 Examples: At this rate, we shall soon be bankrupt. At this rate, we’ll never be home by midnight. 9. for the sake of because of, or for the purpose of 为……(的利益,好处)着想 Examples: Let’s not disagree for the sake of some small details. For the sake of historical accuracy, please permit me to state the true facts 10. vice versa the opposite of the situation that has been just described is also true 反之亦然 Examples: He doesn’t trust her, and vice versa. Teachers qualified to teach in England are not accepted in Scotland and vice versa.
IV. Notes to the passage

1. After a while I got quite used to the fact that as I would check my morning email and on-line news, he would be there with me surveying the world. (para. 4) 过了一些日子,我就习惯了早晨上网查收邮件、阅读新闻的时候有他做伴,一同浏览这 个世界。
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大学英语课——教案

2. For five months now he had been riding there with me and I was suddenly overtaken by an urge to know why he was there and not in the greenhouse, where I figured he’d live a happier frog life. (para. 6) 五个月了, 他一直这样陪着我。 我突然有一股冲动想了解他为什么愿意 呆在这儿而不是在花房里?我认为树蛙在花房里要过的舒服得多。 3. It said that frogs were being found whose skin was like paper. (para.12) 据说已经发现有些青蛙的皮肤已变得像纸一样完全干瘪了。 4.We have reached the time when we must be the adults for the planet, for the sake of the future generations of humans and for frogs. (para. 14) 我们已经进入了关键时刻,为了人类的子孙后代,也为了青蛙,我们必须对这个星球负 起成年人的责任。 Doing exercises on pages 21-22.
V. Reading Skills Practice: word attack strategies

When you come across a new word or expression while reading, you can figure out its meaning from the context—the other words in the sentence and the other sentences in the paragraph, or your own knowledge. There are, at least, five major types of context clues: 1. Definition and restatement 2. Words with opposite meaning 3. Examples 4. Words with same or similar meanings 5. General knowledge Doing exercise14 on pages 23-24.
VI. Translating Skills Practice: Extension (词义的引申)

1. Abstract the meaning of a word that usually contains an image(将词义作抽象化的引申) 2. Concretize the meaning of a word that implies an abstract concept(将词义作具体化的引 申) Doing exercise15 on page 24. VII. Write and produce General Writing: Sentence functions in paragraph development To write a good paragraph in communication, the writer first needs to decide upon his purpose or idea and to try to make it clear to his reader in a topic sentence. Then, almost immediately, he should develop his idea by presenting relevant supporting details. After that, he needs to give a logical conclusion to the idea just discussed to satisfy the reader psychologically. With all this, and with various other means of paragraph development, he organizes the paragraph and gives it an overall structure of unity. Doing exercises on P25-26. Exercise 17 1. Global warming is one of the most pressing environmental issues today. Sample: Global warming is one of the most pressing environmental issues today. Cars and factories release large amounts of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere each year. These gasses trap heat and make our atmosphere warmer and warmer. If we do not start to do something about it right now, we will suffer growing consequences such as floods and droughts, and vast coastal areas will
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

be under water. 2. Plastic wastes are becoming a serious environmental problem. Sample: Plastic wastes are becoming a harmful environmental problem. Plastic products, such as bags, containers, boxes, etc. have brought us convenience, but they have also brought disastrous problems to our environment. As it is difficult to dispose of plastic wastes, they will pile up on the earth for tens, or even hundreds of years. Besides, plastics are the cause of many deaths of animals and fish because they mistake them for food. We must find a solution to plastic pollution before our earth is covered with plastics. Practical Writing: Letter of Invitation A formal letter of invitation to a symposium(研讨会), forum or conference is different from a personal letter. It is more like the announcement of an event, informing the recipient of the aim, topics and sponsor(s) of the event, and the place and time it is to be held. Usually a registration form and a list of topics are attached to it. Dates for papers, social events, and an introduction of local sightseeing tours, etc., are also stated. Assignment: Ask students to write a letter of invitation to an international symposium on city garbage disposal, simulating the framework and structure of the sample letter as much as possible. Sample Dear Colleague / Sir / Madam, We invite you to attend an international symposium on city garbage disposal to be held in Chengdu, China, in May 2003. The Environment Institute of China and the Chengdu Municipal Government are pleased to be co-sponsors of this symposium. The disposal of city garbage is an issue of major concern for every city in the world. Thus, there is an increasing need to discuss, exchange and develop effective ways for garbage disposal without doing any harm to the environment. The aim of this symposium is to contribute significantly to the development of healthy environment in cities. We hope that you will find the topics of your interest and we are looking forward to seeing you in Chengdu. Sincerely yours, Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Teaching plan for Unit 2, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Nobel Prize Winners
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn about the Nobel Prizes; 3) To get some knowledge about the secrets of Einstein’s and Zewail’s successes; 4) To practice reading skill—analyzing word formation and translating skill—amplification; 5) To practice paragraph development by chronological sequence; 6) To learn how to write an award certificate.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Important Points
1) Get some knowledge about Nobel Prizes and the secrets of Einstein’s and Zewail’s successes 2) Key words & phrases: stir, fool...into doing..., up to, come upon, be accessible to, relate to, come up with, unseat, push for, detail 3) Structure: try as he might; It’s not that…, it’s just that…; invertion: So began… 4) Writing: paragraph development by chronological sequence

Difficult Points
1) Words and expressions about science, such as, Euclidean plane geometry, theoream, theory of relativity, E=mc2 2) Some long and difficult sentences

Teaching Methods:
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation.

Contents
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about how Nobel Prize winners are chosen and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. Talk about some Nobel Prize–related issues with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: Two students are talking about success in academic persuit. Useful words and expressions: I can’t get over … He was known for… …must be kind of … That’s a good question. …can do a lot to fill in the gap. Einstein, Feynman, Edison, Zewail an ―above average‖ man 99% perspiration, 1% inspiration turn out to be… to persist in… Where there is a will, there is a way. Task 2: Situation: Mother and son are discussing the son’s future career. Useful words and expressions: It’s time we talked … …is definitely for… … to get into … good at math and chemistry That sounds boring. to make good use of … promising career after graduating form college to love colors and shapes prizes in drawing competition

Passage A Einstein’s Compass
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) What do you think makes a successful scientist? Curiosity, patience, determination, genius, persistence, hardworking … 2) What kind of boy was Einstein in his parents’ eyes? They might have thought him slow because he hardly spoke until he was almost three years old. 3) Einstein once said: ―Curiosity has its own reason for existence.‖ How do you understand this statement? Einstein was right because he himself was passionately curious when he was young. His curiosity sparked by wanting to know what controlled the compass needle led to his later
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

success. 2. Related Information 1) Einstein, Albert (1879-1955) German-American physicist who contributed more than any other scientist to the 20th-century vision of physical reality. His special and general theories of relativity revolutionized modern thought on the nature of space and time and formed a theoretical basis for the exploitation of atomic energy. He won a 1921 Nobel Prize for his explanation of the photoelectric (光电的) effect. 2) Euclidean plane geometry (欧几里得平面几何) A branch of geometry dealing with the properties of flat surfaces and of planar figures, such as the triangle or the circle. Greek mathematician Euclid first studied the subject in the 4th century BC. 3) Einstein’s brain Was Einstein’s brain different? In his lifetime, many people wondered if there was anything especially different in Einstein’s brain. So Einstein insisted that on his death his brain be made available for research. When Einstein died in 1955, his brain was quickly preserved and examined, but nothing unusual was reported. There the matter rested until 1999. scientists inspecting the preserved samples discovered that Einstein’s brain lacked a particular small wrinkle that most people have. Perhaps in compensation, other regions on each side were a bit enlarged. These regions are known to have something to do with visual imagery and mathematical thinking. Thus Einstein was apparently better equipped than most people for a certain type of thinking. II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of Einstein. 2. The structure of the text: Part 1 (Paras. 1-3) Einstein was passionately curious when he was young. ? Difficult sentences: 1) They might have thought him slow, but there was something else evident. (Para. 1)
If there had been no other evidence, they might have thought him slow (not quick to learn). 父母可能误以为他有点迟钝,但有一些别的事情还是很明显的。

2) But when his mother presented him with his new baby sister Maja, all Albert could do was stare with questioning eyes. (Para. 1) 但当妈妈把刚出生的妹妹玛嘉抱到他面前时,小爱因斯坦只是以疑惑的眼光盯着她。 3) The invisible force that guided the compass needle was evidence to Albert that there was more to our world that meets the eye. (Para. 2) 三个 that 引导的从句分别为:定语从句、同位语从句和定语从句。 The invisible force that guided the compass needle made Albert believe that there were things we couldn’t see. 引导指南针的无形力量使爱因斯坦认识到,我们肉眼看到的只是世界的一部分。 4) So began Albert Einstein’s journey down a road of exploration that he would follow the rest of his life. (Para. 3) 完全倒装句,正常语序为:So Albert Einstein’ s journey down a road of exploration that he would follow the rest of his life began. 爱因斯坦就这样踏上了他穷其一生的探索之路。 *Question: Having finished reading of the first three paragraphs, you may find that the simple compass is not as simple as it appears to be, so can you answer my question: what is
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大学英语课——教案

the association between Einstein and the compass? Part 2 (Paras. 4-9) Einstein owed his accomplishment to curiosity, determination and persistence. ? Difficult sentences: 1) ―It’s not that I’m so smart, it’s just that I stay with problems longer.‖ (Para. 4)
I can do this not because I’m very smart, but because I pursue problems longer.

2) The concept that one could prove theorems of angles and lines that were in no way obvious made an ―indescribable impression‖ on the young student. (Para. 6) 两个 that 从句分别为同位语从句和定语从句。 原来人可以证明那些不易明显看出的角度和线段的定理, 这一想法给年轻学生爱因斯坦留 下了“难以形容的印象” 。 3) He adopted mathematics as the tool he would use to pursue his curiosity and prove what he would discover about the behavior of the universe. (Para. 6) 他把数学当作满足自己好奇心并用以证明他后来发现宇宙运行规律的手段。 4) While the expression of his mathematics might be accessible to only a few sharp minds in the science, …(Para. 7) While the expression of his mathematics might be understood by only a few scientists who can accept pioneering ideas… 爱因斯坦用数学公式表达的思想也许只有少数才思敏锐的科学家才能理解…… 5) For the next 20 years, the curiosity that was sparked by wanting to know what controlled the compass needle and his persistence to keep pushing for the simple answers led him to connect space and time and find a new state of matter. (Para. 9) 在随后的 20 年里,正是由于想知道是什么力量控制了指南针的指向所激发的这份好奇心 以及坚持追求简单答案的毅力,引导他将空间与时间联系起来思考问题,由此发现了一种 崭新的物质状态。 Part 3 (Paras. 10-11) Einstein’s ultimate quest is to explore the hidden things. ? Difficult sentence: I want to know how God created this world ... I want to know His thoughts; the rest are details. (Para. 11) 我想知道上帝是怎样创造世界的……我想知道他的思路;其余的就都是细枝末节了。 III. Language points: While discussing the text, teacher can refer to the following notes and choose from them when necessary. New Words 1. convince v. — to make someone completely certain about something 使确信,使相信 Examples:.Her arguments didn’t convince me. We finally convinced them of our innocence. I managed to convince them that the story was true.. 2. respond v. — to say or write something in reply 回应 Examples: To every question the police officer asked, he responded ―I don’t know.‖ For patients who do not respond to drug treatment, surgery is a possible option. 3. stir v. — 1) to excite 激发,引起(强烈情感); 2) to be roused(感情)激起,唤起 Examples: Henry Porter has stirred children’s imagination.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

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The mother’s grief stirred when she saw the photo of her son, who died in a traffic accident. 4. invisible a. — that can not be seen 看不见的,无形的 Examples: Invisible marks on the bank note make it almost impossible to fake. The Stealth fighter is an aircraft designed to be invisible to radar. 5. methodically ad. — in a very ordered, careful way 有条不紊的 Examples: Joan methodically put the things into her suitcase. Could you arrange the files methodically so that it will be convenient when you need them? 6. insight n. — (the ability to have) a clear, deep understanding of a complicated problem or situation 洞察力 Examples: He was a brilliant actor who brought deep psychological insight to many of his roles. Professor Becker offered some interesting insights into the human society. 7. apparently ad.—1) obviously, clearly 明显地 2) actually 实际上 Examples: Well, apparently she’s had enough of her major and she’s heading off to finance. The window had apparently been forced open. I thought they were married but apparently not. She looks about 12 but apparently she’s 14. 8. condense v.— to reduce in size 使…浓缩,压缩 Examples: You should rewrite your thesis and condense 120 pages into 50. All the suggestions put forward will be condensed into a single plan of action. 9. peak —1) v. to reach the highest point or level 达到高峰 2) n. the highest point or level 高峰 Examples: Official figures show that unemployment peaked in November and then fell slowly over the next two months. Temperatures have peaked at over 40 ℃. Holiday flights reach a peak before the Spring Festival. At the peak of her career she startled us all with a decision to retire. Expressions 1. fool ?into ? (doing)— deceive somebody into doing something 哄骗某人干某事 Examples: Tim was fooled into believing that he’d won the lottery. It was not right for Jean to fool Robert into believing that she was in love with him. 2. come over— to make a short informal visit 来访 Examples: Whenever in trouble she would come over to us for help. I’ll come over to see you on my next day off. 3. come upon— to meet, find, or discover esp. by chance (偶然)遇见, (偶然)发现 Examples: Believe it or not, John came upon his wife to be in a flight to China. I came upon this cool cap in a small store in Paris. 4. in no way — not at all 一点也不,决不 Examples: Theory can in no way be separated from practice. Alcohol will in no way ease your miseries. 5. come up with —to think of (a plan, reply, etc.); produce 想出,提供 Examples: Scientists will have to come up with new methods of increasing the world’s food supply.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

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Many net service companies haven’t come up with an effective way to bring profits. 6. push for —to try very hard to achieve or get 力求取得 Examples: Britain’s health experts are pushing for a ban on all cigarette advertising. The union leaders of that country are pushing for two things: higher wages and earlier retirement IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A In this passage we learn something about the young Albert Einstein. It seems he was never exactly an ordinary child but the writer pinpoints a case when he was given a compass at the age of five, which ignited his inspiration. Not only was the young Albert passionately curious, he was also remarkably persistent and would not easily give up on a problem. Albert’s development was also stimulated by the company of intelligent adults such as an uncle who was an engineer and a medical student who was a friend of the family. Einstein was inspired to take up mathematics by Euclidean geometry. According to the passage, his true genius lay in his ability to express complex ideas in simple language. By the age of 26 Einstein had already produced his most famous work, although he never stopped looking for answers. 2. Role-play: Invite some volunteers to conduct an interview—an interviewer interviewing the Einsteins—Einstein, his father, mother and sister. V. Doing exercises on pages 36-38. VI. Homework: Read the sample on page 39 and write a short composition about 100-120 words to introduce a Nobel Prize winner and his/ her ―secrets‖ to success. Remember to develop the passage by chronological sequence.

Passage B The Wake-up Call from Stockholm
I. Warm-up Questions: 2. What would you do if you were awarded the Nobel Prize? Open. 2. What would Zewail plan to do after he won the Nobel Prize? He would remain active in research and in publishing papers, and look for more breakthroughs. II. Summary of Passage B This passage profiles Ahmed Zewail, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1999. Beginning with his reactions to the Prize and those of his family, friends and the international media, the passage goes on to describe his academic career: from undergraduate studies at Alexandria University in his native Egypt to a professorship at the prestigious Caltech in the United States. It also explains something about his work and how he put physics and chemistry together, leading to a scientific revolution—the ability to observe the movement of atoms during a chemical reaction. Related Information 1) Ahmed H. Zewail’s Contribution What would a football match on TV be without ―slow motion‖ revealing afterwards the movements of the players and the ball when a goal is scored? Chemical reactions are a similar case.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

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The chemists’ eagerness to be able to follow chemical reactions in the greatest detail has prompted increasingly advanced technology. Ahmed H. Zewail has studied atoms and molecules in ―slow motion‖ during a reaction and seen what actually happens when chemical bonds break and new ones are created. Zewail’s technique uses what can be thought of as the world’s fastest camera. The ―shutter speed‖ of such a camera must be extremely high since molecules are very small (about 10 -9m) and move extremely rapidly (1000 m/s). To obtain a sharp ―image‖ of the molecules in the course of a chemical reaction requires a femtosecond (10-15s)(飞秒)shutter speed. This area of physical chemistry has been named femtochemistry(飞秒化学). Femtochemistry enables us to understand why certain chemical reactions take place but not others. We can also explain why the speed and yield of reactions depend on temperature. 2) Mediterranean climate Caltech is located in Pasadena, California. This region is characterized by a climate with dry summers and warm, dry winters, which is typical of the Mediterranean climate. 3) Pauling Chair (1901~1994) Linus Pauling was one of the most influential and controversial figures of the twentieth century. He is the only individual to date to receive two unshared Nobel Prizes. With a life and career that spanned almost the entire twentieth century, Pauling impacted science, politics, activism, and nutrition. The British journal, New Scientist included him in their list of the 20 greatest scientists of all time, along with Galileo, Charles Darwin Galileo and Isaac Newton. The only other individual selected from the twentieth century was Albert Einstein. III. Language points 1. zoom v. —1) to move quickly 迅速运动 2) (costs, sales, etc.) to increase suddenly and quickly 陡升,猛增 Examples: They got into the car and zoomed off. The company’s sales zoomed from $11 million to $160 million. 2. probe v. —to search or examine 探索,探察 Examples: The more they probed into his background, the more suspicious they became. The article probes the mysteries of the sudden disappearance of dinosaurs. 3..prestigious a. — with respect that results from good reputation 有声望的 Examples: MIT is one of the best equipped and most prestigious universities in the world. This company is located in a very prestigious position in the best part of town. 4. breakthrough n. —(the making of) an important advance or discovery 突破 Examples: Scientists are hoping for a breakthrough in the search for a cure for the disease. A major breakthrough in negotiations was achieved a few hours ago. 5. handful n. — a small number of people or things 少数,几个 Examples: There’s only a handful of doctors in the country who can do such an eye operation as this. All the influential figures had been invited to the party, but only a handful turned up. —Examples:—Examples: The discovery of how bronze is made was probably accidental, but it turned out to be an important event. —Example: You need some work experience under your belt. 你需要一些工作经验。 IV. Notes to the passage 1) Two thousand e-mails would zoom his way within a few days and three phone lines would
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

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start ringing with eager requests for interviews from the national and Egyptian press and with congratulations from friends and colleagues. (Para. 2) In a few days he would receive as many as two thousand e-mails. His three phone lines would be kept busy because American and Egyptian press will call him eagerly for interviews and his friends and colleagues will call to congratulate him on his award. 2) Zewail’s path to the forefront of the international science arena has been elegant and swift,…(Para. 9) Zewail has moved smoothly and quickly to the leading position in the international scientific research. 3) He will continue to push the envelope of what is possible. (Para. 13) He will go on exerting all his strength to achieve whatever is possible. Doing exercises on P43-44.
V. Reading Skills Practice: Analyzing Word Formation

Suffixes (word endings), such as –er, -sion, and –ive, often indicate the part of speech of a word.. Here are some suffixes, listed by the parts of speech that they usually indicate. Doing exercise14 on P45.
VI. Translating Skills Practice: 翻译的增补(Amplification) 1. 为了补足原文意义的增补 Example: Preparations for the top government officials’ visit are almost complete. 迎接政府高级官员来访的准备工作差不多已全部完成。 2. 为了保证译文语法结构的完整进行的增补 Examples: ? What a day! 多好的天气啊! ? China, England, France and the United States 中英法美四国 ? a full moon 一轮满月

Doing exercise15 on P46. VII. Write and Produce General Writing: Paragraph Development by Chronological Sequence One logical way to develop a paragraph is to arrange the supporting details on the basis of the order of time, from the beginning to the middle to the end. This kind of chronological organization is typical of a sequence in which earlier occurrences precede later ones. In this way the writer virtually leads the reader step by step to the completion of an event by well-placed words of transition or clear-cut instructions. Doing exercises on P47-48. Practical Writing: Award Certificate An award certificate usually states to whom, for what, by what organization(s) and at what time it is awarded. The certificate also bears the signature of the jury chairman or chief judge, and the seal of the awarding organization. Besides, the laureate’s nationality is stated if it is an
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 international contest.

大学英语课——教案

Assignment: Ask students to write an award certificate with the information given in the textbook. Sample 2nd Contest for Young Scientists September 2002 Certificate This is to certify that Cliff Barner from Australia has participated in the 2nd Contest for Young Scientists as a Competitor and won the silver medal. David Helmer Chief Judge Prof. David Helmer Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Teaching plan for Unit 3, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Famous Brand Names
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn to talk about brand issues; 3) To get some knowledge about some brand names; 4) To practice reading skill—conceptual meaning;
5) To practice the translating skill—Omission; 6) To learn how to a paragraph is developed by process and how to write an advertisement.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Teaching Methods:
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation.

Contents
I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about the six business success ―secrets‖ and try to arrange them in correct order. 2. Talk about some products and their usages. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: Two students are talking about their favorite drinks, each trying to argue for his/her own preference and against the other's choice. Useful words and expressions:
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

beyond one's means I mean ... My theory is ... to feel good I don't agree ... Some things are worth spending the money on. feel cool It's convenient to ... taste good good for health more expensive than Task 2: Situation: Two friends are discussing computer software piracy. Useful words and expressions: Don't you feel bad supporting pirates? I can't afford the real thing. Illegal to want to save money? I see what you mean. You see, the problem is... elite few It's illegal to ... as good as ... average consumer by law

Passage A Bathtub Battleships from Ivorydale
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) What is a bathtub battleship as referred to in this passage? 2) Why is Ivory Soap so popular among Americans? 3) How did Proctor & Gamble succeed in promoting Ivory Soap? 2. Related Information Proctor and Gamble was founded by William Proctor and James Gamble in 1837. Proctor was an English migrant and candle maker, Gamble was a soap maker from Ireland. At the beginning, the Procter and Gamble soap making method was not much different from what women already did in their homes. But the Civil War began in 1861, and the government began ordering lots of soap for its soldiers. This increased Porctor and Gamble’s business by a great deal. A new soap making technique was discovered in the 1870s when a machine was left on during the lunch time. It makde bubbles in the soap, so the soap floated. The new soap was called Ivory. The first bar was sold in 1879. Proctor and Gamble is now a leading international manufacturer of household products. It markets over 250 brands to nearly five billion consumers in over 140 countries. These brands include Tide, Crest, Pantene, Always, Pringles, Pampers, Olay, Folgers. Cover Girl, Downy, Dawn,
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 Bounty, and Charmin.

大学英语课——教案

II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of the story. 2. Some questions for group discussion. The whole passage can be divided into two parts. Divide the whole class into two groups, each group dealing with one part. Then ask one representative of each group to answer the questions. 1) Why does the author say that ―with a bar of Ivory Soap in your hand, you are holding a chunk of American history‖ ? —The introduction of Ivory Soap dates back to the year of 1879. It must have witnessed a lot of great events of American history. 2) What does the title ―Bathtub Battleships from Ivorydale‖ imply? —Little boys enjoy converting Ivory Soap into bathtub battleships because of its floating feature, and Ivorydale is the birthplace of the famous brand of Ivory Soap. 3) Do you believe that Ivory Soap is really ―as widely recognized as the Washington Monument and far more well respected than Congress‖? —It may not be actually true. It is likely that the author just wants to show to the readers how popular Ivory Soap is to Americans. 4) How do you understand the author’s description of Ivory Soap as a ―phenomenon‖? —The popularity of Ivory Soap with generations of Americans is rather unusual and beyond imagination, thus it is called a phenomenon. 3. The structure of the text: Part 1 (Paras. 1-3) ? Main idea: The high quality of Ivory Soap helps to bring high profits ? Difficult sentences: 1. American mothers have long believed that when it comes to washing out the mouths of naughty children, nothing beats Ivory Soap.
美国的妈妈们一直深信,如果要把那些小调皮鬼的嘴巴洗干净的话,没有什么能赛过象牙香皂。

2. And should you drop it into a tubful of cloudy, child-colored water, not to worry — it floats.
而且,如果不慎将香皂落入澡盆,里面盛满了孩子们洗过澡的浑水,你也不用担心找不到——它会自 动浮上水面。

3. The company keeps a precise count, however, of the billions of dollars it earns.
但它(宝洁公司)却准确记载了象牙香皂赚来了多少亿美元 。

Part 2 (Paras. 4-7) ? Main idea: The company keeps growing by means of new products and advertisement. Difficult sentence: 1. It took more than twenty years for sales to top one million dollars, which they did shortly before the Civil War. Shortly before the Civil War, and more than twenty years after its foundation, the company’s sales exceeded one million dollars. III. Language points
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

New Words 1. naughty a. — (esp. of children) behaving badly and not being obedient; (of behavior) bad Examples ? Tom used to be a naughty boy and get into lots of trouble. ? It was rather naughty of you to deceive the tax inspector. 2. reputation n. — an opinion held about someone or something, esp. by people in general; the degree to which one is trusted or admired Examples ? Massachusetts Institute of Technology has a good academic reputation. ? Bill’s love affair ruined his reputation. 3. mild a. — gentle, not violent Examples ? She can’t accept even mild criticism of her work. ? I prefer a mild cigar if you don’t mind. 4. spotless a. — extremely clean Examples ? Even in the most spotless homes, carpets need regular vacuuming to keep them looking good. ? She seemed the perfect match for the prince — young and pretty with a spotless reputation. 5. status n. — 1) high social position; recognition and respect by others 2) one’s legal position, or condition Examples ? Nurses are undervalued, and they never enjoy the same status as doctors. ? The status of black Americans was not admitted until 1965 when the Voting Act was passed. 6. rival — 1) v. to equal; to be as good as or reach the same standard as 2) n. one who attempts to equal or surpass another; a competitor. Examples ? No computer can rival a human brain. ? Cassette recorders cannot rival CD players in sound quality. ? She and I are rivals for the swimming prize. 7. import v. — to buy or bring in from another country Examples ? After entering into WTO, China will import more agricultural products. ? To import from Russia, a firm needs Russian rubles. the antonym of ―import‖ export 8. notion n. — an idea, belief, or opinion; concept
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Examples ? Have you any notion how much it costs to keep a private car? ? Some conservatives reject the notion that reform is now inevitable. 9. exceed v. — to be greater than Examples ? Dustin Hoffman’s performance in Rain Man exceeded all expectations. ? The budget of the research exceeds $700 million a year. 他勇气超过我。He exceeds me in courage. 10. elaborate a. — carefully worked out Examples ? The company offers an elaborate training scheme for new hands. ? The defendant made elaborate efforts to conceal the fact. 11. phenomenon n. — a remarkable or unusual person, thing, event, etc. Examples ? The Beatles were a phenomenon ― nobody had heard anything like them before. ? A child who could play the piano at the age of two would indeed be a phenomenon. plural form phenomena 12. sponsor v. — to support an activity by paying for its expenses Examples ? The contest was sponsored by an auto manufacturer. ? The team is sponsored by Nike, so the players wear the Nike shoes. 13. assure v. — to give confidence, to convince Examples ? After the terrorist attack, American airlines hastened to assure people that flying was safe. ? We would like to assure our customers of the best possible service. 14. latter a. — the second (of two people or things just mentioned) Examples ? There are plastic and steel chairs but the latter are much heavier. ? We have to decorate the kitchen and the hall ― I’d rather do the latter first. the antonym of ―latter‖ former Expressions 1. by means of — by using Examples ? The foreigner tried to make himself understood by means of body language. ? Thoughts are expressed most often by means of words. 2. as a result
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

— consequently, therefore, thus Examples ? New methods of packing have become popular. As a result, the amount of wastepaper has increased rapidly. ? Sales dropped. As a result, profits declined. 3. frown on/upon — to disapprove of Examples ? Every teacher would frown on cheating in exams. ? Gambling is very much frowned upon here. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A The writer uses the example of Proctor and Gamble’s famous Ivory Soap---to illustrate the potential that lies in mass marketing and cleverly planned advertising and the importance of recognizable brand names. The passage traces the history of Ivory Soap, first produced in 1879, and discusses the slogans which were used to promote it. These slogans, particularly the idea that the soap is so pure that it floats, proved so successful that they are still used today. The passage also examines the development of P&G itself, from a small-scale operation founded by two immigrants to a multinational empire of today. At the same time we also learn about the origin of the expression ―soap opera‖, in itself another modern global phenomenon. 2. Ask one representative of each group to retell the story. 3. Role-play: Invite some volunteers to make a conversation between a shop assistant and a customer dealing with the sale of the Ivory Soap. V. Doing exercises on pages 58-60. VI. Homework: Ask students to write a short paragraph (100-120 words) with the title: X (A Brand of Product) Helps Me To Beat The Problem.

Passage B Haier Seeks Cool U.S. Image
I. Warm-up Questions: 1. Do you have a Haier product at home? If so describe it. —Open. 2. Why is Haier so successful in the U.S.? —It is Haier ’s marketing strategy that works the success. II. Summary of Passage B This passage is a newspaper article examining the rise of a Chinese company---Haier Group Co.--- in the US domestic appliance market. By concentrating on a particular sector of the market, that of smaller mini-bars and drinks coolers, and aiming at a specific group of consumers: students---who they hope will remain faithful to the brand once they get older and their spending power increases, the company is managing to increase its sales and accentuate its profile in the United States. Haier, and presumably other Chinese manufacturing companies, will need to expand beyond the borders of China as the country’s entry into the WTO opens the doors to foreign competitors at home. The company now has a plant in the United States and new headquarters on
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

New York’s Broadway and is planning to expand its range to include other applinces such as washing machines with advantages like Internet access. Related Information Haier Group The Haier Group was founded in 1984 with headquarters in Qingdao, Shandong Province, PRC. In 1984, Haier produced only a single model of refrigerator, today it is one of the world’s leading white goods home appliance manufacturers. Under the leadership of Chairman and CEO Zhang Ruimin, Haier manufactures home appliances in over 15,100 different specifications under 96 categories. Haier products are now sold in over 100 countries around the globe. Haier has over 240 subsidiary companies, over 110 design centers, plants and trading companies and over 50,000 employees throughout the world. Haier’s focused industries include technology research, manufacturing, trade and financial services. The global revenue of Haier for 2005 was RMB 103.4 billion. Haier Electronics Group Co., Ltd. (HKG:1169), a subsidiary of Haier Group, is listed on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. Qingdao Haier Co., Ltd. (SHA: 600690), also a Haier subsidiary, is listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. On 12 August, 2005, Haier signed an agreement with Beijing Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games (BOCOG) in Qingdao to become the official sponsor of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games for white goods home appliances. Unmatched Home Appliance Product Offerings Haier’s product categories range from refrigerators, refrigerating cabinets, air conditioners, washing machines, televisions, mobile phones, home theatre systems, computers, water heaters, DVD players and integrated furniture, among which 9 are ranked market leaders in China, and 3 are ranked among the top 3 worldwide in their respective industries. Haier is also a world leader in the technology domains of intelligent integrated home furniture, networked home appliances, digitalization and large scale integrated circuits. By April 2006, the Haier Group has obtained 6,189 patented technology certificates and 589 software intellectual property rights. Haier’s proposal for safe care water heater t echnology initiative was accepted at the 66th IEC Conference in 2002 and Haier dual drive washing machine technology was included in the 2006 IEC standard proposal. This clearly demonstrates Haier’s world-class innovation capabilities in product R&D. Global Branding Strategy Haier’s global branding strategy aims at positioning the company as a local brand in different world markets in conjunction with enhanced product competitiveness and strong corporate operations. Haier’s international business framework encompasses a global network of design, procurement, production, distribution and after-sale services. Today, Haier has established 15 industrial complexes, 30 overseas production factories and bases, 8 design centers and over 58,000 sales agents worldwide. In China, Haier’s 4 leading product categories - refrigerators, refrigerating cabinets, air conditioners and washing machines - have over 30% market share. In overseas markets, Haier products are available in 12 of the top 15 chain stores in Europe and 10 leading chain stores in the USA. Haier is now approaching its goal of being ―local‖ in American and European markets via localized design, manufacturing and sales processes. In addition, Haier has set up production facilities and plants in the USA, Italy, Pakistan, Jordan and Nigeria.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Haier’s innovative management principles, such as Haier’s OEC management model, ―market-chain‖ management and ―individual goal combination‖ – a system of assigning incentives-based responsibility to staff to ensure the quality of products delivered to their customers – have gained high recognition among international management institutes. Haier business case studies are included in the text books of Harvard University, University of Southern California, Lausanne Management College, European Business College and Kobe University. Services With the concept of ―customers as the foundation of growth‖, Haier provides a one-stop star service to its customers. In a joint survey conducted by the China Consumer Association and the China Enterprise Research Centre of Tsinghua University on China’s domestic durable commodities for 2003 and 2004, 8 of Haier’s product categories were ranked No. 1 for customer satisfaction and overall satisfaction. In addition to high quality home appliances, Haier is also focused on offering best-of-breed service solutions to its customers. Haier’s service system runs throughout the production process from product design, production, manufacturing, to pre-sale, under sales and after sales service. Since 2002, Haier has successfully established a network of over 5,000 domestic professional service suppliers to deliver timely customized service. III. Language points 1. household a. — concerned with the management of a house; domestic Example ? Husband and wife should share the household chores. household name — commonly known name Example ? He was once a household name, but now no one remembers him. household word — a word that everyone knows Example ? ―WTO‖ quickly became a household word in China. 2. ambitious a. — 1) having a strong desire for success, power, wealth, etc. 2) needing or showing a great amount of skill and effort to be achieved 他们虽穷却很有志气。They are ambitious although they are poor. 3. outflank v. — to gain an advantage over (someone) by doing something unexpected Examples ? Jack’s proposal was outflanked by those of more radical reformers. ? To outflank its rivals, the company carried out unexpected price reductions. 4. compete v. — to try to do or be better than someone else Examples ? By setting up its American headquarters in New York, Haier is ready to compete internationally.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 ?

大学英语课——教案

The stores will inevitably end up competing with each other in their push for increasing market share. 我们要同日本公司竞争国际市场。We must compete with Japanese companies for world market. 5. target v. — to cause to have an effect on a particular, intentionally limited group Examples ? This computer is targeted specifically at teenagers. ? Most ads target a specific area of the market. 6. chill v. — to (cause to) become cold, esp. without freezing Examples ? Beers taste better if chilled. ? Chill the fruit salad until serving time. 7. comparable a. — equivalent; similar; that can be compared Examples ? The income of farmers is not comparable at present to that of townspeople. ? The girls are of comparable ages. 一台象这样好的冰箱在欧洲可要贵得多。A comparable refrigerator would cost far more in Europe. 8. dominate v. — to have or exercise control or power (over) Examples ? The company has almost dominated the software market with its operating systems. ? The strong usually dominate (over) the weak. 9. mainstream n. — the way of life or set of beliefs accepted by most people Examples ? Disabled people should enter the mainstream of social life. ? This was the company’s first step into the mainstream of commercial movies. mainbody mainland mainstay 10. revenue n. — the income that a government or company receives regularly Examples ? Taxes provide most of the government's revenue. ? Revenues of textile industry have fallen dramatically in recent years. 11. contract — 1) v. to arrange by formal agreement 2) n. a legal document that states a formal agreement between two different people or groups Examples ? The company has just contracted to build shelters for the homeless.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

? We have contracted with some major supermarkets for the supply of our products. ? They might take legal action against you if you break the contract. 12. so far — up to the present moment Examples ? The stock market has so far done significantly for the national economy. 13. open up ? to — to make available or accessible to Examples ? The funds opened up free education to more children. ? Einstein’s theory opened up a whole new world to us.
IV. Notes to the passage

1. …by targeting students in the hope that they will remain loyal as they get older. …by aiming at students as an important group of customers, hoping that they will remain regular customers of Haier as they get older. 2.They’re popular and beating our expectations on sales. They are well received and the sales are rising beyond our expectations (better than we expected). 3.China’s entry into the World Trade Organization will open up Chinese manufacturers to greater foreign competition at home. After China’s entry into the World Trade Organization, Chinese manufacturers will have to face greater foreign competition in the domestic market. Doing exercises on P65-67.
V. Reading Skills Practice: Conceptual Meaning

Understanding for levels of meaning conceptual meaning propositional meaning (to be dealt with in Unit 4) contextual meaning (to be dealt with in Unit 5) pragmatical meaning (to be dealt with in Unit 6) Definition The conceptual meaning of a word is known as the dictionary meaning which indicates the concepts. In reading we can find that many different words have the same conceptual meanings. Doing exercise14 on P67-68.
VI.

Translating Skills Practice: Omission 翻译的省略 省词译法指的是把原文中有而译文中却不需要的词语在翻译的过程中加以省略。 这种 省略一般是由于译文中语义已经涵盖了可省去的部分,或由于汉英语法、修辞或习惯表 达法上的差异。但省略决不是把原文的思想内容略去不译。省略一般涉及如下两种情况: 1.语义或修辞需要省略,即略去重复多余的词语。
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

2.译文语法或习惯表达法需要省略。汉英语使用的语法连贯手段不尽相同,汉语重语义 连贯,英语重形式连贯,故英译汉时,译文中常可将英语的代词、冠词、介词、连词 等省略不译。 Doing exercise15 on P68. VII. Write and produce General Writing: Paragraph Development by Process This is a step-by-step description of how something is done. It is quite similar to the procedures in conducting a program or a scientific experiment, or to such daily activities as baking bread, writing a paper, driving a car, etc. Doing exercises on P69-70. Exercise 17 Procedures to DIY (Do It Yourself) a computer To DIY a computer successfully, you should, first of all, decide on the functions you need, i.e. what you intend to do with your computer. There is a big difference between a computer to play games and a computer for word processing. You should also read some latest computer journals to learn about the features of various parts before you go out to buy these parts. And you should go to at least three computer stores to get the best prices. Once you have all the parts on your table, you’d better have someone with experience to guide you in putting them together. Of course you can also teach yourself with a DIY book. When all the parts are in place, do a final checkup before you turn on the power. The joy is beyond words when you see your computer start working. General Writing: Paragraph Development by Comparison and Contrast Paragraph development by comparison and contrast usually has three patterns to follow: one is to develop through illustrations to show how things are different, another is to discuss similarities only, and still another is to treat both likenesses and differences. We can use all the three patterns or just one of them to show the similarities and/or differences about objects or opinions both in social and academic life. Doing exercises on P131-132. Exercise 17 Two Modes of Travel: Individual Travel and Package Tour Individual travel is usually an independent travel. Most travelers of this kind have to arrange everything ― the flights, hotels, meals, and sightseeing program ― themselves. Cumbrous as these things are, they provide you a good chance to contact local people and practice your ability to deal with various unexpected events. The simplest and most comfortable way of traveling at a reasonable price is a package tour. Participants will have their itinerary, hotel accommodation and meals, and sightseeing program booked in advance. A tour guide from the local travel agency will pick you up at the airport. He or she will take care of you and take you to the scenic spots. Practical Writing: Advertisements The purpose of an advertisement is to arouse people’s inner longings in order to increase product sales. Thus, a successful advertisement must grab people’s attention, and make them notice it, read it, and act upon it. An advertisement usually includes the headline, the image and the text. Assignment: Ask students to write an advertisement with the help of the information given. ? Product: Sony’s NW-MS11 Digital Music Player
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 ? ?

大学英语课——教案

Title: Connect to Play and Connect to Music Features: able to transfer recordings from CDs; removable 128MB memory stick that stores 240 minutes of music; rechargeable battery to support 10 hours listening

Sample Connect to Play and Connect to Music NW-MS11 Digital Music Player Sony changed the music on the move with the new NW-MS11 digital music player. This new player will allow you to transfer Internet downloads and recordings from your CDs. Our removable 128MB memory stick provides 240 minutes of music enjoyment wherever, whenever. Sony’s rechargeable battery provides up to 10 hours’ listening, so get ready to take your music to go! Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Teaching plan for Unit 4, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Cloning and Ethics
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To talk about cloning issues; 3) To get some knowledge about the ethical issue of cloning 4) To practice reading skill—propositional meaning; 5) To practice paragraph development by space; 6) To learn how to write a call for papers.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Teaching Methods:
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation.

Contents
I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about cloning and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. discuss the topic about cloning issues with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: A biologist and a sociologist are arguing about human cloning. Useful words and expressions: Great idea! Everyone changes organs on a regular basis. Heart attacks and kidney problems are a thing of the past. But there’s catch—how do these organs.
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大学英语课——教案

Get replaced? It’s another you. That’s funny. Liver, transplant, operation, moral responsibility… Task 2: Situation: A childless couple are discussing whether they should adopt or clone a child. Useful words and expressions: Remember the couple who couldn’t have a baby so they cloned the husband and they are now expecting a baby? We know what we are going to have if… Our own blood A son or a younger husband Isn’t that strange? I wonder what it would be like to be raising myself.

Passage A Not Now, Dr. Miracle
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) Do you want a clone of yourself? And can you explain? 2) What would you say to your clone if you had one? Do you think you two would always agree with each other, or would you see each other as enemies? 3) What do you think would happen if some great people like Einstein and Beethoven were cloned? 4) What kinds of people are in favor of carrying on with the cloning science? 5) For what reasons do most governments prohibit cloning? 2. Related Information 1) Vatican Vatican is the residence of the pope at Rome. Since 1929, the Vatican City has been an independent state (108.7 acres/44 hectares), with the pope as its absolute ruler. 2) Raelian The Raelian Religion, founded by Rael (a French journalist formerly called Claude Vorilhon) in 1973, believes that life on earth was created by extraterrestrials, and supports human cloning. 3) Mozart’s Requiem Mozart's unfinished Requiem has long been shrouded in mystery. Mozart undertook the commission for an Austrian nobleman, little knowing that he was to write a requiem for himself. Inevitably, the secrecy surrounding the anonymous commission, the circumstances of Mozart's death, the unfinished state of the work, and its completion under the direction of Mozart's widow, Constanze, have precipitated two centuries of romantic speculation and scholarly controversy. II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. Many people have a hard job seeing the point of reproductive cloning. (Para. 5)
很多人还难以理解利用克隆进行生育的意义。

2. Five years on from Dolly, the science of cloning is still stuck in the dark ages. (Para. 6)
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大学英语课——教案

克隆羊多利出生五年了,克隆技术却一直见不到曙光。

III. Language points: While discussing the text, teacher can refer to the following notes and choose from them when necessary. New Words 1. argument n. disagreement; quarrel 争论,辩论

Examples: He got into an argument with Jeff in the pub last night. A careful argument for the existence of extraterrestrial life has been presented. 2. conference n. a meeting for consultation or discussion 会议,学术会议

Examples: I’m attending a conference the whole next week. The press conference was immediately held after the peace talk. 3. controversy n. (a) fierce argument or disagreement about something, esp. when carried on in public 争论,争议,论战 Examples: The first cloned sheep gave rise to much controversy. It’s a matter of controversy whether computers will one day be able to really think like humans 4. deform v. to spoil the form or appearance of 使变畸形 Examples: If the shoes are too tight, they will deform you feet. Sitting incorrectly for long periods of time can deform your spine. 5. embrace v. to accept (an aid) ; to make use of 接受(观点)

Examples: Nowadays more and more Westerners embrace oriental culture. The young man tries to embrace every opportunity to make a name for himself. 6. excessive adj. too much; too great; going beyond what is reasonable or right 度的 Examples: Excessive drinking may cause damage to the liver and the brain. An excessive price may affect our market share. 7. fame n. the condition of being well-known and talked about; renown 声誉,名望 Examples: The writer ’s third novel was a hit and his fame soon spread all over the world. The young politician is anxious for fame, not for the benefits of those people he represents. 8. illegal adj prohibited by law; against law 违法的,不合法的 Examples: Some illegal immigrants risk their lives to smuggle themselves into developed countries. It’s illegal for teenagers to drink in pubs. 9. implant v. to put something into a living body in a medical operation 移植,植入 Examples: It can help a lot for the patients with heart disease to implant a pacemaker.
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过多的,过

2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

An animal organ was implanted into the patient’s body. 10. instinct n. (a) natural ability or tendency to act in a certain way, without having to learn or think about it. 本能,天性 Example: Birds learn to fly by instinct. Crying is an instinct in humans. contrary or opposed to reason 11. irrational adj. contrary or opposed to reason 不理性的,不合理的 Examples: The irrational reaction to the loss of the football game caused serious consequences. My wife is an irrational consumer—she cannot resist cheap prices and always buys things we do not need. 12. stir n. (public) excitement 轰动 Examples: The coming of the queen caused a great stir in the city. The news caused a stir of interest on the Stock Exchange. 13. string n. 1) a series of related or similar events 一系列,一连串 Examples: The curious boy asked a string of questions. 2) (a) narrow cord used to tie, fasten, etc. 线,细绳 Examples: Red peppers were threaded on strings and hung over the door of the house. 14. secrecy n. keeping information or knowledge private or hidden 保密,秘密状态

Examples: I can rely on his promise of secrecy. I’d love to tell you about it, but Martin’s sworn me to secrecy. (=made me promise not to tell anyone). 15.sole adj. being the only one; only 唯一的,仅有的 Examples: He is the sole owner of the basketball club. The sole survivor of the accident was found in the water six hours later, breathing but unconscious. 16. prohibit v. to forbid, to issue a law against something (以法令)禁止,取缔 Examples: Smoking is strictly prohibited in public buildings. Children under 18 are prohibited from buying cigarettes. 17. represent v. to act or speak officially for (another person or group of people) 代表 Examples: The stars in the flag of the United States represent the 50 states. Women were poorly represented in the new government. 18. risk n. danger; possibility that something harmful or undersirable may happen 危险,风 险 Examples: The firemen face various kinds of risks in their daily work. To succeed in business one must be prepared to take risks.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

19. treatment n. 1) medical attention; cure 治疗 Examples: No treatment can cure AIDS effectively so far. 2) behavior towards somebody 对待 Examples: The old lady’s treatment of her pet cat aroused the dissatisfaction of her family members. 20. miracle n. an unusual and mysterious event that cannot be explained by the laws of

nature 奇迹,不可思议的事 Examples: The Great Wall is a miracle of architecture. A car ran over the child, but by a miracle, he was unhurt. Expressions 1. line up to (cause to ) move into a row, side by side or one behind the other (使)排成行或 列 Examples: The photographer lined up the family members for a picture. People were lining up there to get a free sample of the new product. 2. under the sun on earth; in the world 全世界的,所有的 Examples: The boy seems to have an opinion on every subject under the sun. You cannot detect all the sins under the sun. 3. go for to like or be attracted by 喜欢,被…所吸引 Examples: Many of the readers using our library go for romance and mystery. The young tend to go for adventures while the elderly prefer security. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A This editorial from the magazine The New Scientist profiles the unconventional Italian doctor Severino Antinori who has announced plans to offer human cloning facilities in his private fertility clinics. Antinori is already famous for previous controversies such as helping grandmothers to have babies. Yet this time he is not alone in prompting the idea of human cloning. US scientists are working with him on this project, and a religious group—the Raelians—have also announced their intention to offer the service. Of course, with so many couples desperate for children yet unable to conceive through traditional IVF treatments, there is no shortage of volunteers. The writer accepts that trying to prevent cloning would probably not work and that some form of regulation is almost inevitable. The writer reminds us that cloning techniques are far from perfect and that most attempts to clone animals would end up in failure. 2. Group discussion: talk about the pros and cons of cloning. Pros: Helping couples to have babies they cannot have otherwise; Finding cures to fatal injuries and diseases; Enabling endangered species to increase their population; Massively improving the agricultural industry; Cons: Cloning is against nature;
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Leading to unforeseen disasters; Possible abuses of the cloning techniques;
Causing ethical problems;

V. Doing exercises on pages 80-81. VI. Homework: Read the sample on page 83 and write a short composition about 100-120 words with the title: why we should use cloning.

Passage B I Have His Genes But Not His Genius
I. Warm-up Questions: 1. What would your response be if you came upon a cloned Mozart? Open: surprised, amazed, interested, excited, or curious. 2. Do you think a cloned Mozart would be talented in music? Why or why not?
A cloned Mozart might be the same as the original Mozart in appearance, physical structure and organs, but not in talent because talent cannot be copied.

II. Summary of Passage B This is a short, science fiction story set in 2040. The writer imagines a future where cloning techniques, although prohibited, have been perfected. He describes the case of a music loving billionaire who had funded a project to clone the musician Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The story is set in a bar where one of the few customers turns out to be one of the surviving clones. He tells his tale to the barman. On the death of the billionaire he had been adopted by one of the research scientists, also a Mozart fan. Although she had tried hard, unsuccessfully, to encourage him to be a classical musician, she had never told him about his past and he had grown up as a normal young man. But then a journalist found him and his life was changed forever. After trying a first to run away, he had then re-discovered both himself and Mozart’s music and had decided to try to complete the unfinished requiem. He did not succeed, however, because though he had Mozart’s genes, he did not have his genius. Related Information Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart—the music genius Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791), Austrian composer, was centrally important to the classical era (about 1750 to 1820), and one of the most inspired composers in Western musical tradition. By the age of six Mozart was an accomplished performer on the clavier, violin, and organ. Five short piano pieces composed at the age of six are still frequently played. Although Mozart had an unsuccessful career, lived largely in poverty, and died young, he ranks as one of the great geniuses of Western civilization. His large output shows that he possesses a thorough command of musical composition and an original imagination. In 1791, Mozart started to write a requiem (unfinished). He was at the time quite ill and imagined that the work was for himself, which it proved to be. He died on Dec. 5, 791. After a cheap funeral, he was buried in an unmarked grave. III. Language points 1. practically adv. 1) very nearly; almost 几乎,简直 Examples: Practically every American home in this town has a gun. 2) in a practical way 实际地
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Example: Theoretically, it's a good idea to live without a car, but practically speaking, it would be difficult to manage without one. 2. chin n. the front part of the face (esp, of a human being) below the mouth 下巴,下颌 Examples: She sat behind the table, her chin cupped in her hands. Keep your chin up! (振作点!) 3. resemblance n .similarity, esp. in appearance; likeness 相似之处,雷同之处 Examples: There is a clear family resemblance between all the brothers. These prices bear no resemblance to the ones I saw in the ads. 4. in the flesh in real life; in bodily form 活生生的,本人 Examples: I’ve seen her perform on television, but never in the flesh. People can see the candidates in the flesh during the election. 5.ban v. to forbid, esp. officially 禁止 Examples: Smoking is banned in the library. She was banned from driving for two years. ban n. an official ruling that something must not be done, shown, or used 禁令 Examples: There will be a ban on smoking in restaurants. Why is there a ban on eating in cinemas? 6.set up to establish (an organization, business, etc.) 设立,成立 Examples: A committee has been set up to investigate the accident. A fund has been set up for the victims of the flood. 7. collapse v. to fall into ruin 崩溃 Examples: Numerous houses collapsed as a result of the earthquake. The financial system of this country nearly collapsed during the economic crisis. 8. adopt v. 1) to take (someone else’s child) into one’s family for ever and to take on the full responsibilities in law of a parent 收养 Example: They couldn’t have children of their own so they adopted a boy. 2) to accept or start to use or put into action 采纳 Example: The new tax would force companies to adopt energy-saving measures. 9. decent adj. (of behavior, attitude) proper; socially acceptable (行为,态度)得体的,合适的 Examples: Public figures should have decent language and decent behavior. Few college graduates can find a job with a decent salary at this difficult time. 10. get wind of to learn about something by chance 听到…风声,获悉有关的信息 Examples: People rushed to the supermarket as soon as they got wind of the sale. I don’t want my colleagues to get wind of the fact that I’m leaving, in case they tell my boss. 11. track down to find after a difficult or long search 追踪发现 Examples: It was almost 5 months before the police tracked down the murderer. It didn’t take long for the technician to track down the cause of the problem with the help of the computer. 12. dig up to find or take out of the ground 掘出,挖到,发掘 Examples: The fans are always interested in digging up love affairs of their idols. The candidates tried to dig up scandals of his opponent. 13. media n. the newspapers, news, magazines, television, and radio 媒体 Examples: The event received widespread coverage in the media. The mass media plays an important part in our daily life.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期
IV. Notes to the passage

大学英语课——教案

1. I bring him a fresh drink, and wish him greetings of the season. Paraphrase: I bring him a fresh drink, and wish him a merry Christmas. 2. He looks at me, sort of funny,… Paraphrase: He looks at me, in a somewhat weird way,… 3. …trying to push her little Mozart toward music. Paraphrase: …trying to make a great musician (as great as Mozart) of her adopted son. 4. And that’s when the roof fell in. Paraphrase: And that’s when his life was completely destroyed. Doing exercises on P86-87. V. Reading Skills Practice: propositional meaning Propositional meaning is also referred to as sentence meaning. To know the meaning of a sentence is to know what the sentence is all about, and what, where, when and how are involved. The following sentences differ in their structure, but they share the same propositional content: Her colleague regard her as being less than bright. She is regarded as being less than bright by her colleague. She strikes her colleague as being less than bright. In other words, the above three sentences can be used to paraphrase each other ’s propositional meaning, and therefore paraphrasing becomes a very useful device to help us to check our understanding of the propositional content of a sentence. Doing exercise14 on P88.
VI. T Translating Skills Practice: Conversion 词类转译法

词类转译法是英译汉中经常使用的翻译方法,指的是在翻译过程中,根据汉语译文的 规范表达方式惊醒词性转换。比如,由于汉语多用动词,因此英译汉时常将英语中的名 词、形容词、副词、介词短语等译为汉语的动词。 Doing exercise15 on P89. VII. Write and Produce General Writing: paragraph development Paragraph development by space focuses on locations of various types in a spatial order that starts the reader to move in a certain direction from one place to another. Usually this kind of arrangement requires the reader to follow where the events take place. To indicate the spatial relationships, compass points, geographical terms and space-related prepositions, etc. are needed accordingly. Read the following paragraph and identify the spatial sequence in describing the development and spread of the earlier American civilization. Doing exercises on P90-91. Exercise 17 As the United States is known as a nation of all nations, its foods are also international. If you come from China, you’ll find your familiar Chinese food everywhere in California. For those who favor spicy Mexican food, Taco Bell Restaurants are all over Texas. Though KFC is a Kentucky-based corporation and has its restaurants all over the world, Georgia is more likely to come to mind when fried chicken is mentioned. If you prefer seafood, Maine is the place to enjoy cheap and delicious lobsters. For lovers of cheese and beef, Chicago is their paradise. Well, after you have had a meal of your favorite food, what about a fruit dessert of Florida oranges?
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Practical Writing: call for papers A call for papers to a symposium, forum or conference usually but not always includes the purpose of the event, preferred topics of the papers, and the guidelines for the papers. Assignment: Ask students to write a call for papers, including submission guidelines. Sample Call for papers The Indian Conference on Computer Graphics Sponsored by Premier Academic Institutions Theme: Recent Advances in computer image processing. Submitted manuscripts may not exceed 12 single-spaced pages of text using 12-point size type on 8.5*11 inch pages. References, figures, tables, etc. should be included in the total twelve pages of the text. Either hardcopy or electronic submissions will be accepted. Submissions will be judged on originality, technical strength, and significance, quality of presentation, interest and relevance to the conference attendees. Submitted papers may not have appeared in or be considered for another conference. The best papers from the conference may be considered for publication in Electronic Graphics. Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Teaching plan for Unit 5, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Lifelong Education
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn to talk about lifelong education; 3) To get some knowledge about why and how people pursue continuing education; 4) To practice reading skill—contextual meaning; 5) To practice paragraph development by example; 6) To learn how to write an online program introduction.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Teaching Methods:
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation.

Contents
I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about lifelong education and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. Talk about education issues with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: Two students are talking about their parents getting involved in continuing education programs. Useful words and expressions: One is never too old to learn ...to use 99% rather than 60% of one’s potential. She doesn’t want to die doing only this!
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

I’m definitely for continuing education. Count me out. retirement, relaxation, leisure, peace and quiet, carefree, pension, social welfare... accompanied by children and grandchildren Task 2: Situation: Two college seniors are discussing their future plans for further education after graduation. Useful words and expressions: ... be better equipped before plunging into the society. ... expect a better job with a higher degree. It’s a waste of time. Work experience and practical skills are more valuable. Master’s degree, certificate, practice, promotion, interview, first-hand experience, flexible, training class, on-line study…

Passage A Tongue-tied
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) In what way do you usually learn English vocabulary? Do you often ask the native speakers to explain English words for you? 2) How do you understand the German proverb ―Whoever cares to learn will always find a teacher‖? 3) Do you think to teach is also to learn? Why? 2. Related Information 1) The English Language English is the chief medium of communication in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and some other countries. It is spoken in more parts of the world than any other language and by more people than any other tongue except Chinese. For quite a long time, the English language has become the linga franca for international communication. 2) More Examples of Proverbs and Idioms Proverbs: A blind man will not thank you for a looking-glass. A friend to all is a friend to none. To talk without thinking is to shoot without aiming. Man is the head of the family, woman the neck that turns the head. A closed mouth catches no flies. Idioms: lion’s share---the greatest or best part ax to grind---a selfish or subjective aim follow (one’s) nose---to be guided by instinct (out) on a limb---in a difficult, awkward, or vulnerable position Help(oneself) to--- to serve or provide oneself with II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of the text. 2. Some questions for group discussion.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Divide the whole class into three groups, each group dealing with one word (peculiar; proverb; idiomatic.). Then ask one representative of each group to answer the questions. Firstly, students can guess the meanings of the words from the context, and then they can explain the exact meaning and usage of those words. And finally they can find some antonyms and synonyms of the three words. 3. The structure of the text: Part 1 (para.1---3) ? Main idea: I was questioned when I took a cab and I was pleased to answer him. Part 2 (para.4---28 ) ? Main idea: At first, I thought the questions were very simple, but after a while I found I couldn’t answer any of them. ? Difficult sentences: 1) I stared at the words in the distressed way you might stare at party guests whose faces you ’ve seen somewhere before but whose names have escaped your mind. (para.6) 我沮丧地看着这几个单词,就好像在晚会上你盯着几张以前曾经见过的面孔,却怎么也 想不起他们的名字。 2) I could answer that. Just not right now, now when it mattered, now when the fate of a curious, intelligent hung on the answers he assumed would fall from a native speaker’s tongue as naturally as leaves from an October tree. (para.26) 这我可以回答,但不是在此时。此时这一回答至关重要,一个好奇聪明的外国移民满心 希望听到期待的答案会从一个本国人的口中自然而然得脱口而出,就好像十月的树叶会 自然掉落下来一样。 Part 3 (para. 29---30) ? Main idea: Finally I realized how little I understood my own language. ? Difficult sentences: 1) Until that moment, I’d been so inspired by the driver ’s determination to learn English, so enthralled by the chance to indulge my curiosity about the words with another curious soul, that I didn’t fully grasp the potential for linguistic fraud committed in this man’s cab. (para. 29) 直到那时,我被这位司机学英语的决心感动了,并且还陶醉于和另外一个也很好奇的人一 起来满足自己对语言的好奇心, 以至于我都没有意识到在这出租车上可能犯下语言欺诈的 错误。 2) Now I could barely allow myself to imagine what kind of deformed English he was being fed by cowards like me who couldn’t simply say, ―I don’t know my own language.‖ (para.29) 我几乎不敢想象这位司机听到的是什么样的蹩脚英语, 因为像我这样的懦夫不敢坦白地承 认: “我并不真正了解自己的母语。 ” III. Language points New words 1. rear adj. of, at or located in the back 后面 Examples: The thief broke into the house through the rear window. She doesn’t like sitting in the rear seat. 2. peculiar adj. unusual and strange, sometimes in an unpleasant way 奇怪的,古怪的 Examples: What a peculiar smell!
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 She has the most peculiar ideas.

大学英语课——教案

3. resort n. 1) a strategy or course of action that may be adopted to resolve a difficult situation. 凭借的方法或
手段

Examples: He took back the house, without resort to legal action. 2) a place that is a popular destination for holidays or recreation 常去之处,胜地 Examples: In recent years this place has grown into a fashionable ski resort. 4. jot v. to make a quick short note 匆匆记下 Examples: Could you jot (down) your address and phone number in my address book? Professor Smith advised that we always carry a pen and a notebook with us for jotting (down) our ideas. 5. hint n. a slight indication of a fact, wish, etc. 暗示 Examples: Didn’t she even give you a hint where she was going? The lady coughed politely as the man lit his cigarette, but he didn’t take the hint. 6. confuse v. to mix up (someone’s mind or ideas), or to make (something) difficult to understand
迷惑,把某人弄糊涂;混淆

Examples: I was so confused in today’s history lesson ― I didn’t understand a thing! You’re confusing the little boy! Tell him slowly and one thing at a time. 7. puzzle v. to cause (someone) to feel confused and slightly worried because they cannot understand something 使?迷惑,使?为难 Examples: We’re still puzzled about how the accident could have happened. The students sat with puzzled looks on their faces as their lecturer tried to explain the theory. 8. vague adj. 1) not clearly described or expressed 模糊的 Examples: The patient complained of vague pains and backache. 2) not clear in shape, or not clearly seen 不清楚的,模糊的 Examples: Through the mist I could just make out a vague figure. 3) (of a person) not able to think clearly, or, not expressing one’s opinions clearly 思路不清 的,不明确的 Examples: My aunt is incredibly vague ― she can never remember where she’s left things. 9. rack v. to cause physical or mental pain or trouble to 使?遭受痛苦或苦恼 Examples: Even at the end, when cancer racked his body, he was calm and cheerful. 10.qualify v. to (cause to) reach a necessary standard (使)合格,有资格 Example: Chris has just qualified as a doctor. Ann’s disappointed that she hasn’t qualified for the next round in the tennis competition. 11.mislead v. to lead in a wrong way 误导 Example: The wrong record of the patient misled the doctors in their probe for the cause of his disease. Advertisements may mislead consumers into buying things that they don’t need. 12. assume v. suppose to be the case, without proof 假设, 假定 Example: Do you assume that such information has significant effects on stock market? We can’t assume the suspects to be guilty simply because they’ve decided to remain silent.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

13. retreat v. to move back 规避,退缩 Example: Attacks by enemy aircraft forced the tanks to retreat from the city. The writer retreated to a place in the mountains to put his thoughts on paper. 14.enthrall v. to hold the complete attention and interest of someone as if by magic 迷住,吸引住 Example: The World Cup completely enthralled people all over the world. The audience was enthralled for two hours by a sparkling dramatic performance. 15.indulge v. to allow (a person, oneself) to satisfy his or one’s desires 放任,纵容 Example: Occasionally the busy scientist would indulge his passion for fishing. His wife indulged him with breakfast in bed. 16. fraud n. a person or thing that is not what is claimed to be 欺骗 Example: John told everyone he was a well-known musician, but we know he was only a fraud. The picture, which was claimed to be a real Picasso, turned out to be a fraud. 17. commit v. to do (something illegal or considered wrong) 犯(错误,罪行等) Example: Strict measures will be taken in the public places to give criminals less opportunity to commit the crime. Police officers arrested a 22-year-old mechanic on suspicion of committing an attempted murder on Oct. 22 18. haste n. (too much) speed 动作迅速 Example: Unfortunately the report was prepared in haste and contained several inaccuracies. Marry in haste, repent at leisure. Expressions 1. resort to to use, adopt, a particular means to achieve one’s ends 求助于 Examples: Terrorists resorted to bombing city centers as a means of achieving their political aims. We are prepared to resort to force if negotiation failed. 2.confuse with to mix things up mentally 把?同?弄混淆 Examples: You’re confusing me with my sister ― it was her who was sick last week 3. rack one’s rain to think very hard 绞尽脑汁,苦思冥想 Examples: I’ve racked my brains all day but I still can’t work out a plan. 4. indulge in allow oneself the pleasure of 沉溺,纵情享受 Examples: She occasionally indulges in the luxury of a good chocolate bar. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A This is an amusing short story that illustrates how little people sometimes know about their mother tongue. The narrator is a woman, the passenger in a taxi whose driver is a Pakistani man eager to learn English by asking his passengers about new words. Struggling to explain the meanings of proverb and an idiom, she realizes how little she really knows about the vocabulary or her native language and also wonders what kind of answers other, probably equally ignorant, native passengers might give. In the end she is left hoping that the driver has a dictionary and that he will use it to teach himself rather than depend on the native speakers for explanations. 2. Ask one representative of each group to state the main idea of each part. 3. Role-play: Invite some volunteers to act as the driver and the passenger.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

V. Doing exercises on pages 102-105. VI. Homework: Ask students to write a short paragraph (100-120 words) with the title: Learning English (Words) Through (Reading).

Passage B Returning to College
I. Warm-up Questions: 1. For what purpose(s) would an adult return to college? The reasons vary. A few would come to college to make up for the education they missed when they were young. Some would return to get reeducated to prepare themselves for the new career and life. Some others would come to learn something for pleasure. 2. Do you think most of the college students appreciate their college life? Probably not. Some do not seem to understand they’re having the best part of their life, and are anxious to get out. II. Summary of Passage B In this passage, the writer, a newspaper columnist and TV commentator, praises the idea of education for education’s sake and regrets the fact that most college students, motivated only by the idea of future professional success, do not realize what a wonderful opportunity they are missing. While at college and not burdened by the responsibilities that will come later in life, they focus their attention only on those courses that they think will help make them rich. The author himself would like to go right back to being a freshman and study philosophy, calculus, literature, history, and grammar. He dose recognize that if he were studying for the knowledge and not for earning grades, education would probably become less stressful and more fun. Related Information Great Minds Plato: (428---347? B.C. ) Greek philosopher. A follower of Socrates, he founded the Academy, where he taught and wrote for much of the rest of his life. Plato presented his ideas in the form of dramatic dialogues, as in The Republic. Aristotle: (384---322B.C.) Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry. David Hume; (1711---1776) British philosopher and historian who argued that human knowledge arises only from sense experience. His works include A Treatise of Human Nature (1739---1740) and Political Discourses (1752). III. Language points 1. inclination n. a preference or tendency 倾向 Examples: I’ve no inclination to follow my mother into accountancy. Their initial inclination was to build the plant in India but then decided to put it up in China. 2. pick up 1) to start again after an interruption 中断后再继续 Examples: After China’s entry into WTO, many Chinese picked up English in their 40s or older. 2) to take hold of and raise 拾起,捡起
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Examples: She opened the door, picked up a letter on the floor and started reading it. 3. leave off to stop, cease 停止,中断 Examples: The rain left off after a whole week of pouring. Ted left off talking about his adventure. 4. appeal (to) 1) v. to please, attract, or interest 吸引,对… 有号召力,投… 所好 Examples: What appeals to me about his painting is the colors he uses. It’s a program designed to appeal mainly to 16 to 25 year olds. 2) n. .interest, attraction 吸引力,魅力 Examples: Men worry about going bald because they think they will lose their sex appeal. The films directed by Spielberg have a wide appeal. 5. get at to reach, gain access to 触及,够得着 Examples: A sensible man keeps his savings in the bank — not in the house where a thief can get at them. 6. ready-made something in a finished form or is available to use immediately 现成的 Examples: Ready-made frozen meals sell well in the supermarket. When she married Giles, she acquired a ready-made family ― two teenage sons and a daughter. 7. gourmet 1) n. a person who knows a lot about food and cooking, and who enjoys eating high-quality food 美食家 Examples: Our specialty foods will appeal particularly to the gourmet. 2) adj. (of food) delicate, of excellent quality (食品) 精美的 Examples: If you want to have a gourmet meal, you don’t go to a fast-food restaurant. 8. deny v. to declare untrue; refuse to accept as fact Examples: The three defendants deny all charges. Neil denies breaking the window, but I’m sure he did. 9. stink v. 1) to be extremely bad or unpleasant 很糟,让人讨厌 Examples: His acting stinks, but he looks good, so he’s offered lots of movie roles. 2) to smell very unpleasant 发出恶臭 Examples: The morning after the party, the whole house stank of beer and cigarettes. 10. make a buck to earn some money 赚钱 Examples: The eldest son had to make a buck to support the family. Don’t expect to make an easy buck; everything is earned in a hard way. 11. go with to accompany; to be part of 伴随 Examples: The younger children stayed with their uncle while the older sons went with their parents to Spain. Crime does not necessarily go with poverty; criminals with wealth are not uncommon. 12. break one’s back to work very hard or too hard; make every possible effort 尽最大努力,拼命 干 Examples: Before the final exam, Frank broke his back over mathematics. 13. conceit n. to work very hard or too hard; make every possible effort 自负,虚荣心 Examples: The young man was puffed up with conceit. 14. stump v. to leave (someone) unable to reply; puzzle 使为难,难倒 Examples: Your question has stumped me.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

We’re all completely stumped ― we can’t work out how he escaped.
IV. Notes to the passage

1. I was drafted into the Army at the end of my junior year and, after four years in the service, had no inclination to return to finish college. (para. 1) 在大三快结束时我应征入伍,四年服役期满后,我并不想返校完成学业,因为当时我觉 得自己好像什么都懂了。 2. Here they are with no responsibility to anyone but themselves, a hundred or a thousand ready-made friends, teachers trying to help them, families at home waiting for them to return for Christmas to tell all about their triumphs, three meals a day---so it isn’t gourmet food---but you can’t have everything. (para. 3) 在这里,他们除了对自己,无需对任何人负责;在这里,他们有一百个或一千个现成的 朋友;老师会尽力帮助他们;家人会在家中盼他们回家过圣诞节,听他们讲述得意的经 历;有一日三餐,虽非顿顿美食,但你不可能奢望拥有一切。 3. The students are anxious to acquire the knowledge they think they need to make a buck, but they aren’t really interested in education for education’s sake. (para.5) 学生们急于掌握他们认为能使他们赚钱的知识,对教育本身实际不感兴趣。 4. I have absolutely no ability in that direction and not much interest, either, but there’s something going on in mathematics that I don’t understand, and I’d like to find out what it is . (para. 7) 在这方面我既无能为力又缺乏兴趣,但是,在数学领域发生的一些事情我搞不明白,所 以我想探个究竟。 Doing exercises on pages 108-110.
V. Reading Skills Practice: contextual meaning

The propositional content of a sentence gets a contextual meaning when it is judged in a given situation or context. This might be a reason, justification, assumption, explanation, or other functions that the sentence might assume form the context. The functional value of a sentence is derived from the writer ’s intention in using it, and it is identified from the relationship between this sentence and others in the same context. For example, when it stands alone, the proposition I like the thinking process that goes with it just gives the view of the speaker. But when it follows the sentence I’d take several courses in philosophy, it assumes the function of giving a reason or justification. The writer uses it to explain why he would take philosophy courses. Sometimes, the writer uses signal words to indicate the functional value or contextual meaning. For instance, but, however or nevertheless are often used to signal a change of thought, and because, since or therefore to signal an explanation or reasoning. Doing exercise14 on P110-111.
VI. Translating Skills Practice: Splitting 分句译法

英译汉时,常常需要将英文的句子结构作较大的调整,将一个原文句子译成相对多的短 句.分句译法主要有以下三种方法: 1. 把原文中的一个单词的隐含意义译成句子 ,使原文的一个句子分译成两个或两个以上 的汉语句子 2. 把原文中的一个短语的隐含意义译成句子 ,使原文的一个句子分译成两个或两个以上 的汉语句子
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

3. 原文的一个句子的含义拆开,译成两个或两个以上的汉语句子. Doing exercise15 on P111-112. VII. Write and produce General Writing: Paragraph Development by Example Paragraph development by example is one of the most common and most useful means for expanding the topic sentence into a more convincing discourse. Read the following paragraph and pay special attention to the examples that support the topic sentence. Doing exercises on P112-113. Exercise 17 1. A lot can be learned from traveling. 2. Internet exerts a strong influence on our present-day life. Sample: Traveling does not simply mean going to different places. We can learn and acquire the knowledge and experiences that we cannot obtain from books. For example, while enjoying the grand sight of, say, the Statue of Liberty, we can also learn its historical significance. Besides, any contact with the local people may turn out to be a chance to satisfy our curiosity for the culture. Sometimes on our journey we may be impressed by the beauty of nature or shocked to see the damages that human beings have done to nature. In either case, we will feel a stronger sense of responsibility to protect our environment. Practical Writing: Online Program Introduction An online program introduction to continuing education usually provides the prospective students with information on qualifications, available courses, certificates, credits, learning environment and facilities, application and registration, etc., some of which are linked(usually underlined and in another color) to other web pages with further information. Assignment: Ask students to use the information and the title given to write an online program introduction. Sample Continuing Personal Education Our CPE program provides a wide range of courses for local people. No qualifications are necessary in order to enroll, and most courses are open to anyone aged 16 and over. Whatever your study plans---whether you simply wish to join a course out of interest, or work towards credit, or prepare for entry to an undergraduate degree---we hope we have something to offer you. The program offers over 400 part-time, weekly classes a year. There are also some weekend and short summer courses. Many can be studied for credit, and credit may be accumulated for an Open Studied Certificate. If you would like to study with us to prepare for University entry, the University of Edinburgh Access Course could be for you. Or you might like to take an Open Studies Certificate and follow our new Credit for Entry route. If you have not studied for a while or you are not sure what study is involved you might be interested in our New Horizons Course, or other courses on study skills.

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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

We are also working with voluntary organizations to take our courses into community settings---or to bring new learners to us. If you would like to explore outreach possibilities with us, please get in touch. Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Teaching plan for Unit 6, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Travel Around the World
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn to talk about travel; 3) To get some knowledge about some cultures of different countries and what travel is all about; 4) To practice reading skill—pragmatic meaning and translating skill—synthesis; 5) To practice comparison and contrast writing; 6) To learn how to write a trip itinerary.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Teaching Methods:
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation.

Contents
I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about the attraction of traveling and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. Talk about traveling with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: Two friends are discussing their travel plans for their summer vacation. One is eager to see beautiful natural scenery while the other is interested in culture and history.
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2007-2008 学年第一学期

大学英语课——教案

Useful words and expressions: What’s your plan to …? I’ve been trapped in this city for too long. That’s not my cup of tea. Do you know…? Look who’s making culturally ignorant statements here! Fresh air, beautiful scene, striking beauty, the Qin Dynasty, the Museum of Terracotta figures… Task 2: Situation: Two tourists are talking about how they should make use of the transportation means while they visit a city. Useful words and expressions: Take a taxi if you want… You tell the driver where you want to go and then… I’d rather… …so I’ll get to know… That’s what travel really means.

Passage A The Woman Taxi Driver In Cairo
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) What attracts you most when you visit a new place? 2) Do you think, consciously or unconsciously, that some cultures are superior or inferior to others? Why? 3) Can we understand a culture through media channels instead of learning things in person? State your reasons in either case. 2. Related Information Cairo – A Glorious City Cairo, capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, stands on the east bank of the Nile River and on two islands. The Arabic name of the city is EI Qahira, meaning ―the victorious‖. The population is about 6 789 000 (1998 estimate). Most of the people are Egyptian Arabs. Tourism is very important to the city. The pyramids, which served as tombs for the ancient pharaohs, and the stature of the Sphinx, which dates from 2565 B.C., are located just west of Cairo. Indeed, a journey through Cairo is a journey through time and a journey through the history of an immortal civilization. II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of the story. 2. Some questions for group discussion. The whole passage can be divided into four parts. Divide the whole class into four groups, each group dealing with one part. Then ask one representative of each group to answer the questions. 1) How did the author feel on her first arrival in Cairo? —She felt quite at a loss and a little helpless, as there was nobody to meet her at the airport, and she was facing a completely new world.
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大学英语课——教案

2)Why did Nagat take two jobs at the same time? —Because her husband died 10 years ago so she had to work hard to support her two children and parents. 3)What was Nagat’s working style? —She is self-confident and works independently and effectively. 4)Why is Nagat a ―true exception‖ in Cairo? —Because Nagat seems to be the only female taxi driver there. What is more, she insists on relying on herself and shouldering the heavy family burden alone. 3. The structure of the text: Part 1 (Paras. 1-2) ? Main idea: The beginning of the story between the author and Nagat, the Egyptian woman. ? Difficult sentence: A woman taxi driver – the only woman, for that matter, among a large crowd of her male counterparts. (para.2) 一个女出租车司机 — 在一大群男伙伴中唯一干这行的女性。 Part 2 (Paras. 3-5) ? Main idea: Nagat took the author to her destination and talked with her a lot. ? Difficult sentences: 1) It has seen a better day, there are quite a few scrapes on its body, the tires are bald and there is a crack in the windshield. (para.4)
这辆车的风光已过-如今车身上有不少擦伤,轮胎磨得光秃秃的,挡风玻璃上还有一道裂痕。 2) The little old car is not hers; it belongs to a boss from whom she in turn rents it whenever she can. (para.5) ―whom she in turn rents it whenever she can.‖ 为定语从句,这个定语从句中还包含一个由 whenever 引 导的时间状语从句。

Part 3 (Paras. 6-9) ? Main idea: The author ’s description of the woman driver. ? Difficult sentences: 1) She knows every nook and cranny in and around Cairo — no easy feat. (para.6)
她熟知开罗的每一个角落-这并非一日之功。

2) With a mild sense of humor around a deep core of understanding of human nature, Nagat takes control of my sightseeing schedule. (para.7) 娜格特熟谙人情,略带幽默。她全权负责我的观光日程安排。 3) Her determined approach seems to have grown on a bed of economy, on the necessity to get as much done as she possibly can. (para.7) 她做事果断,似乎是由于经济条件所迫养成的 习惯,不得不尽可能多做些事情。 4) I get the sense that she invites goodwill from the people she meets. (para.8)
我感觉到,她总是能赢得遇到她的人的友情。

Part 4 (Para. 10) ? Main idea: The author expressed her wishes. ? Difficult sentence: Should you find yourself at Cairo’s airport, look for Nagat outside the international arrival hall. (para.10) 本句从句用了表示与将来相反的虚拟语气的倒装,原顺序应为 If you should find yourself at Cairo’s airport…。这种倒装尤其用在从句中包含有 should, had 和 were 这几
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 个词的虚拟语气中。

大学英语课——教案

III. Language points New Words 1. counterpart n. a person or thing which has the same purpose as another one in a different place or organization 对手;对方 Examples: The Prime Minister is to meet his European counterparts to discuss the war against drugs. A lot of work should be done before the chairman holds talks with his counterpart. 2. relief n. a feeling of happiness that something unpleasant has not happened or has ended 放心;
宽慰

Examples: She breathed a sigh of relief when she found out she had passed her exams. It was such a relief to hear that Glen survived the accident. relieve v. to make something unpleasant less strong 减轻;安慰 Examples: The good news relieved my anxiety. The doctor gave her a drug that relieves headaches. 3. core n. the central part of something 核心 Examples: The earth’s core is a hot, molten mix of iron and nickel. The basic lack of government funding is the core of the problem. 4. punctually adv. in a punctual manner 守时地;如期地 Example: The meeting started punctually at 10.00 a.m. punctual adj. arriving, doing something or happening at the expected, correct time
守时的;准时的

Examples: The meeting was punctual but the attendants were not. Our manager is known as a very punctual person punctuality n. being punctual 准时 Example: The professor does expect punctuality from his students. 5. approach n. the act of getting nearer; a way or method of doing something 方式;方法 Examples: The approach of Christmas has brought about a shopping boom. We need to adopt a different approach to this problem. v. 1) to deal with (something) 处理 Examples: We need to find the best way of approaching this problem. He approached the new job with enthusiasm. 2)to come near(er) 接近 Examples: The total amount raised so far is approaching $1000. It is not allowed to approach the forbidden area. 6.economy n. the intentional saving of money; or the saving of time, energy, words, etc.
经济

Examples: The new machines can work with more speed and economy. Hemingway is known for his economy of words. 7.efficient adj. working or operating quickly and effectively in an organized way 有效率的 Examples: The city’s transport system is one of the most efficient in Europe. We need an efficient secretary who can organize the office and make it run smoothly. 8.soften v. to (cause to) become soft, gentle, less stiff, or less severe (使)变柔软;
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2007-2008 学年第一学期
(使)变柔和

大学英语课——教案

Examples: You can soften the butter by warming it gently. The lampshade will soften the light. 9. deliberate adj. 1) (often of something bad) intentional or planned 故意的 Example: The car crash wasn’t an accident; it was a deliberate attempt to kill the witness. 2) slowly and usually carefully 从容不迫的;谨慎的 Example: From her slow, deliberate speech I guessed she must be drunk. Expressions 1. for that matter a phrase used to show that a statement is true in another situation or can also refer to another person 就此事而言 Examples: I’m going to quit smoking, and so should you for that matter. You oughtn’t to have spoken like that to Bernard’s friends, or to anybody for that matter. 2. mill about/around to move about in a disorderly or confused way 大群人无目的地乱转 Examples: Crazy ideas milled around in his mind. A crowd milled around in the street. 3. nook(s) and cranny(ies) small spaces, sub-divisions in a location, building, etc.
隐避处;鲜为人知处

Examples: The children searched every nook and cranny that might harbor a frog. Every nook and cranny of this peaceful house held sweet memories of Rebecca. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A Arriving alone in a new city late at night can be a difficult experience and even more so if it is in a foreign country with a strange culture. Here the writer, herself a woman, remembers her luck in meeting Nagat, one of the few women taxi drivers in Cairo. During her stay in the city, Nagat became her driver and guide, taking her to visit many of the impressive sights, such as mosques, museums and the pyramids. Along the way the writer was deeply impressed by Nagat ’s friendliness, determination, effectiveness and independence. 2. Ask one representative of each group to retell the story. 3. Role-play: Invite some volunteers to make a conversation between Nagat and the author based on the story. V. Doing exercises on pages 122-125. VI. Homework: Ask students to write a letter (100-120 words) to invite a foreign friend of theirs to visit their town, Anshan for example.

Passage B A Russian Experience
I. Warm-up Questions: 1. People travel for various reasons. Please choose some and explain. —Some people travel to experience different cultures because they are curious and eager to learn; others go to mountains, lakes or even deserts to appreciate the beauty and the challenge of nature; still others are interested in historical sites because they want to learn something from
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the heritage of mankind. However, a lot more people leave their homes just to get relaxed by escaping from the tiring daily routine. 2. What is your favorite way of traveling and why? —Open. II. Summary of Passage B The writer recalled a trip with her husband to the Russian city of St. Petersburg. She gave an account of the city, which combined practical design with great beauty. She remembered one particular evening when they were invited to the home of a Russian artist, Yuri Petrochenkov, whose apartment was in a building which had once been a palace. Although the writer was fascinated by Russia, its art, literature and people, she had never learned to speak the language and felt rather ashamed for that, but fortunately their host spoke English. They were served the famous Russian vodka, made many toasts and soon her husband and Yuri became great friends. Later on, walking back to their hotel along the Nevsky Prospect in the soft light of a long summer evening, the couple agreed that the visit had been the best part of their holiday. Related Information Saint Petersburg – the Cultural Capital of Russia Saint Petersburg, called Leningrad from 1924 to 1991, is the second largest city in Russia with a population of 4 695 400 (1999 estimate). Saint Persburg is on the delta of the Neva River and is made up of more than 100 islands, which are connected by 635 bridges. As a major seaport and a railroad center, Saint Petersburg is one of the greatest Russian industrial centers. The city has witnessed so many dramatic events that one can hardly believe that St. Petersburg is no more than 300 years old. Founded in 1703 to be the most European city of Russia, it remains Russia’s ―Window to the West‖. III. Language points 1. stretch v. 1) to spread over a large area or distance 绵延;延续 Example: The market stretches all the way along the street. 2) to (cause to) become longer or wider 伸展 Example: Rubber stretches when you pull it. 2. absorb v. 1) to make someone greatly interested in 吸引 Examples: I was completely absorbed by this novel. Our company is fully absorbed in the international trading and supplying our clients in many countries with quality products. 2) to take or suck (something) in, esp. gradually 吸收 Examples: Have you absorbed all the details of our plan? To absorb the full meaning of his novel, you have to know more about his background. 3.shelter v. to protect from harm 庇护;掩蔽 Examples: Local people risked their own lives to shelter Jews from the German army. We were caught in a thunderstorm, and could find nowhere to shelter from the rain. 4. positive adj. 1) hopeful and confident, or giving cause for hope and confidence 积极的;有把握的 Examples: Life doesn’t always run smoothly but you’ve got to be positive and make the best of it. The voters often want to hear positive ideas about how to create new jobs.
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5.

6.

7.

8.

2) without any doubt; certain 肯定的 Examples: It is suspected that he committed the crime, but there isn’t any positive proof. The lawyer asked the witness, ―Are you positive that you saw him?‖ twinkle v. (of light or a shiny surface) to shine repeatedly strongly then weakly, as if flashing on and off very quickly 闪烁 Examples: The stars twinkled in the clear sky. Women’s eyes are easily caught by the twinkling of diamonds. entertain v. to keep (esp. a group of people) interested or amused 使…快乐,给…娱乐 Examples: We hired a magician to entertain the children at the party. The children’s TV program aims to both educate and entertain. take for granted to accept a fact, action, etc. without question or appreciation 认为…当然 Example: Many young people take central heating for granted because they’ve neve r lived without it. in fine/great/good form doing something well 心情很好 Examples: Paul was in good form at the wedding and kept everyone entertained. Keep in good form or you will lose the opportunity.

IV. Notes to the passage

2. We were strolling along the Nevsky Prospekt, a wide avenue stretching four kilometers and filled with people, music and street entertainers. (para. 1) 我们正漫步在涅夫斯基大街上。这是一条长 4 公里的宽阔大道,行人和街头艺人熙熙攘 攘,街上充斥着音乐声。 2.We flew in from Stockholm and from the air immediately noticed a well-planned city with apartment blocks built in semi-circles with central courtyards and gardens. (para. 3) 我们从斯德哥尔摩搭机,一飞入圣彼得堡上空,就看见了一座规划严密的城市,带有中 心庭院和花园的公寓楼群呈扇状排列。 3.No matter how bad the economy, somehow these people have the ability to see the positive aspects of their lives, whatever their circumstances. (para. 4) 不管经济如何糟糕,不管他们处境如何艰难,他们总能够看到生活中积极的方面。 4.Wandering along the river, we agreed that not only had we found new friends, but we had just spent probably the most enjoyable experience of our trip to Russia. (para. 9) 沿河漫步时,我们一致认为,我们不仅结交了新的朋友,而且还体验到了或许是此次俄 罗斯之行中最愉快的经历。 Doing exercises on P128-129
V. Reading Skills Practice: pragmatic meaning

Pragmatic meaning is the meaning the writer intends to pass on to the reader in his or her writing in the particular context the writer has created. This is what we usually mean by ―reading between the lines‖. For example, the sentence of “Haste makes waste?” I finally whimpered. (Passage A, Unit 5) intends to impress the reader that the author was not sure whether Haste makes waste is a proverb or not, although the literal meaning doesn’t carry such a hint of doubt. A writer will always carefully choose words, usages and rhetorical devices to make his intended meaning expressed explicitly, but in many cases this might be implied. If one fails to recognize the author’s intention, feelings or attitude, she or he may misunderstand the whole passage, even though each
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 individual sentence has been understood. Doing exercise14 on P130.

大学英语课——教案

VI. Translating Skills Practice: Synthesis (合句译法) 合句译法,指两个或两个以上的简单句或一个复合句译作一个单句,主要有以下三种

处理方法。 1.把原文中两个或两个以上的简单句译成一个单句。 2.把原文中的主从复合句译成一个单句。 3. 把原文中的并列复合句译成一个单句。 Doing exercise15 on P131. VII. Write and produce General Writing: Paragraph Development by Comparison and Contrast Paragraph development by comparison and contrast usually has three patterns to follow: one is to develop through illustrations to show how things are different, another is to discuss similarities only, and still another is to treat both likenesses and differences. We can use all the three patterns or just one of them to show the similarities and/or differences about objects or opinions both in social and academic life. Doing exercises on P131-132. Exercise 17 Two Modes of Travel: Individual Travel and Package Tour Individual travel is usually an independent travel. Most travelers of this kind have to arrange everything ― the flights, hotels, meals, and sightseeing program ― themselves. Cumbrous as these things are, they provide you a good chance to contact local people and practice your ability to deal with various unexpected events. The simplest and most comfortable way of traveling at a reasonable price is a package tour. Participants will have their itinerary, hotel accommodation and meals, and sightseeing program booked in advance. A tour guide from the local travel agency will pick you up at the airport. He or she will take care of you and take you to the scenic spots. Practical Writing: Trip Itinerary A trip itinerary provides the travellers with a general description of program for sightseeing, and usually consists of a tour arrangement and a list of scenic spots for traveller to visit. Such trip itineraries are often seen in newspapers and magazines, and, more and more popular, on the Internet as tour advertisement. Assignment: Use the given information to write an itinerary for a 7-day Lhasa tour. Time: Aug. 15 ~ Aug. 20 Places/spots to visit: Day 1: airport →hotel → Barkhor Street Bazaar Day 2: the Potala Palace → the Norbulingka Park →the Sera Monastery Day 3: the Drepung Monastery → the Jokhang Temple →the Tibetan Traditional Medicine Hospital →the Tibetan Traditional Carpet Factory Day 4: Lhasa → Shigatse → the Tashilhumpo Monastery → the New Palace of Panchen Day 5: Shigatse → the Yangzhuoyong Lake → the Karola snow mountain →Lhasa Day 6: hotel →airport
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2007-2008 学年第一学期 Sample
The Best of Lhasa

大学英语课——教案

Date Activities Aug. 15 Our guide will pick you up at Lhasa airport and transfer to the hotel. Rest of the day is free at leisure to acclimatize yourself to the high latitude or free to explore the Barkhor Street Bazaar. Aug. 16 Visit the Potala Palace, the Norbulingka Park and the Sera Monastery. Aug. 17 Visit the Drepung Monastery, the Jokhang Temple, the Tibetan Traditional Medicine Hospital and the Tibetan Traditional Carpet Factory. Aug. 18 Take car to Shigatse and transfer to the hotel. Visit the Tashilhumpo Monastery and the New Palace of Panchen. Aug. 19 Transfer to Lhasa. On the way visit the beautiful Yangzhuoyong Lake and the Karola snow mountain. Check in the hotel again. Aug. 20 See off.

Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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Teaching plan for Unit 7, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Drug Abuse
Teaching Objectives:
1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn to talk about the problem of drug abuse; 3) To read about the disastrous effects of Ecstasy; 4) To practice reading skill-text cohesive devices; 5) To practice translating skills: translation of ―it‖; 6) To learn to write a public warning message.

Teaching Contents & Time Allotment
periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8

Teaching Methods:
Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation.

Contents
I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about the problem of drug abuse and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. Talk about the problem of drug abuse with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: A pop musician is reported to have the drug problem. Two people are talking about the causes of his/her problem. Useful words and expressions: It is really unfortunate… It’s hard to imagine…
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He/She had everything going for him/her! Maybe life in the fast lane is too much sometimes. It must be stressful… Why do you think this happened? such a young and promising… with so mush success on the horizon satisfaction from life turn to drug …made it Task 2: Situation: Two roommates are arguing about cigarette smoking in their dorm. Useful words and expressions: Once you get on, it’s hard to come back. …create dependence. Try and take…away from… more likely to…than… (be) willing to give up…just to… (be) responsible for…dependence A one-way ticket (be) as much a drug as… The dependent-personality Pleasure centers disastrous consequences

Passage A Agony from Ecstasy
I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) Why do some people use Ecstasy? —They think it is a fun, harmless drug. 2) What did Ecstasy and other drugs do to the author? —It seriously damaged her health. Besides she lost her strength, motivation, dreams, friends, apartment, money and most of all, her sanity. 3) What do you know about drugs and drug abuse? —Open. 2. Related Information World Drug Report 2000 The illegal drug trade touches millions of lives in both developed and developing countries. Its most negative impact is concentrated amongst the most disadvantaged of our societies. The UN estimates that some 180 million people worldwide — 4.2 per cent of people aged 15 years and above — were consuming drugs in the late 1990s. Economic reliance on the drug trade, and drug addiction, leaves many individuals open to exploitation by criminals and criminal organizations, and threatens the health of men, women and children, the rule of law, and ultimately, the vitality and strength of all our communities. However,
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for the first time in recent history, global production of drugs such as heroin and cocaine is no longer growing, but shows signs of stabilization and even decline. This makes combined efforts an increasingly viable option to achieve the targets set out in the 1998 UN Special Session which aim at a substantial reduction if not elimination of drug production by the year 2008. Progress is also being reported from the demand side, where there are signs of stabilization or even decline in some of the main markets. II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of the text. 2. Some questions for group discussion. Divide the whole class into three groups, each group dealing with one word (peculiar; proverb; idiomatic.). Then ask one representative of each group to answer the questions. Firstly, students can guess the meanings of the words from the context, and then they can explain the exact meaning and usage of those words. And finally they can find some antonyms and synonyms of the three words. 3. The structure of the text: Part 1 (para.1) Main idea: The author showed her opinion on Ecstasy. Part 2 (para.2---4 ) Main idea: The author realized her dream and entered the acting school. It is from here that the story begins. Difficult sentence: I felt that by using drugs, I would become a part of their world and it would deepen my friendships with them to new levels. (para.4) 当时我觉得通过吸毒我可以真正融入他们那个世界,可以加深我与他们的友情。 Part 3 (para. 5---9) Main idea: The author began to take drugs and went deeper and deeper. Difficult sentences: 1) In five months, I went from a person living somewhat responsibly well pursuing my dream to a person who didn’t care about thing-and the higher I got, the deeper I sank into a dark,lonely place. (para. 7) 仅 5 个月的时间,我就从一个追求梦想,对生活还有些责任感的人变成了一个对一切都无 所谓的人。而且,我吸毒所得到的快感,我就越发陷于黑暗孤寂的深渊。 2) I spent most of the drive curling up in the back seat while my younger sister tried to keep me calm. (para.9) 路上的大部分时间,我都蜷缩在汽车的后座上,而我妹妹一直在尽力使我安静下来。 Part 4 (para. 10---13) Main idea: She was lucky to come back to be a normal person after she stayed in the hospital. Difficult sentence: There is nothing happy about the way that ―harmless‖ drug chipped away at my life. (para.12) 然而这种“无害”之药一点一点侵蚀我生命的方式毫无愉悦可谈。

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III. Language points New words 1. agony n. extreme pain or suffering Examples: The injured soldiers lay screaming in agony. We felt helpless as we saw him dying in agony. 2. rural a. in, of or like the countryside Examples: Rural life is usually more peaceful than urban life. He paints pictures of rural scenes. 3. utter a. complete or extreme Examples: The discussion was an utter waste of time. A hot bath after such a long day of hard work was utter bliss. utterly ad. Completely Example: Are you utterly convinced that he is guilty? 4. somewhat ad. to some degree; a little; rather Examples: We were somewhat tired after our long walk. The campus has changed somewhat over the last few months. 5. illusion n. an idea or belief which is not true or not what it seems to be Examples: College students tend to have illusions about how easy their life will be after graduation. The magician tricked the audience with skilful optical illusions, making things appear and disappear. 6. creep v. to move slowly, quietly and carefully, often with the body close to the ground Examples: The naughty child crept up behind his father and suddenly yelled ―Boo!‖ A tiger crept towards the deer from the downwind bush. 7. extreme a. (at) the furthest point; (to) the greatest degree Examples: Jane fell into extreme pain after her son died in an accident. The extreme penalty of the law is the death penalty. n. either end of anything; highest degree; qualities as widely different as possible Example: His moods go from one extreme to the other. 8. sanity n. the quality of being healthy in mind Examples: He’d been behaving so strangely that they began to doubt his sanity. It’s hard to keep your sanity in such a crazy situation.
sane a. healthy in mind Example: In the doctor’s opinion he was sane at the time of the murder

Expressions 1. focus on to direct (one’s attention) to something Examples: The book focuses on the way the computer affects the young. I find it easy to focus on textbooks when the exam is approaching. 2. come true to happen just as was wished, expected or dreamt Examples: He has always dreamt of owning his own company, but I doubt it will come true. When I finished my first novel, it was a dream made to come true. 3. expose … to … to cause to be unprotected from Examples: People living near the nuclear power station may have been exposed to radiation. His viewpoints expose him to criticism, but he won’t give them up. 4. look down on/upon to regard with scorn; despise
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Examples: When she married a millionaire, she looked down on the office girls she had worked with. The disabled shouldn’t be looked down upon. 5. on top of in addition to Examples: On top of the discount, the store tried to attract customers with nice gifts. We missed the train, and on top of that we had to wait for two hours for the next one. 6. carry out to perform or complete; to conduct Examples: In spite of the ban, some scientists are still carrying out research on cloning humans. It is hoped that the kidnappers will not carry out their threat to kill the hostages. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A Here the writer uses her personal experiences with the drug Ecstasy to warn others of its dangerous effects. She, a normal young woman, grew up, in a small town in the state of Pennsylvania but moved to New York to try to realize her dream of working in theater and it was there that she first came into contact with drugs. Many of her acting school friends were drug users and, in an effort to fit in, she began to use them too. Her story is typical of many drug addicts. She went from someone who uses drugs for fun to someone who couldn’t live without them. Finally she had some kind of a breakdown. Luckily for her, her mother drove to New York to rescue her and she ended up back in Pennsylvania in hospital. She recalls her horror at seeing a brain scan which the doctors had done and which showed that Ecstasy had had permanent effects on her brain. 2. Ask one representative of each group to state the main idea of each part. 3. Role-play: Invite some volunteers to make a conversation between Lynn Smith and her friends. V. Doing exercises on pages 142-144. VI. Homework: Ask students to write a short paragraph (100-120 words) about the bad effects of drug abuse, smoking, drinking, etc. Sample: Ecstasy Affects Mental Health Jim had been suffering from extreme anxiety since his early twenties. Trying Ecstasy did make him feel high and help his condition, but only for a short period of time; in the end, it increased his anxiety, paranoia, and feelings of unreality. And he isn’t alone — for people who already suffer from anxiety disorders, use of Ecstasy is more likely to worsen their conditions. Ecstasy also has been associated with other mental health conditions such as depression. Youngsters who use Ecstasy weekly have been shown to frequently experience depression in which they want to kill themselves sometimes. According to a survey, teens who use Ecstasy weekly are three times more likely to have such thoughts than non-using teenagers. Reference: Cigarette Smoking Affects My Health John started smoking when he was very young. At the beginning, he did it for fun, but some time later, he became an addicted smoker, and his health began going downhill. He’s not alone — for people who smoke more than 20 cigarettes daily are more likely to have frequent coughs, chest pains and other troubles. Smoking also has been associated with mental health conditions.
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Youngsters who smoke cigarettes regularly have been shown to have more difficulty concentrating their mind on what they are doing. According to a survey, teen smokers are more likely to be absent-minded in class than non-smoking teenagers.

Passage B Drug Warriors
I. Warm-up Questions: 3. Have you ever heard of the war on drugs? Open. 4. what happened in New Haven and for what purpose some 300 police gathered there? There was a war on drugs in New Haven and the police gathered there to arrest the drug gang. 5. How successful was the police’s mission? The drug bust arrested almost all the drug dealers on the list. II. Summary of Passage B This article uses the personal experiences of Lieutenant Billy White, a police officer and leader of the New Haven Drug Gang Task Force, to talk about the war on drugs in the United States. White’s hometown, New Haven, is presented as a typical town --- safe and peaceful in 1960 but a drugs war zone by 1990. The text describes a big and successful coordinated drugs bust involving not just a national security task force made up of the police, Us marshals, the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) and the DEA (Drugs Enforcement Agency) but also overseas such as in Cali (Columbia). Since the bust New Haven has become a safer place to live in and White is confident that the war on drugs can be won. Related Information New Haven New haven is a port city located in south central Connecticut, on Long Island Sound at the mouth of the Quinnipiac River. New Haven was founded in 1638 and was the nation’s first planned community. With a population of 123 189 (1998), the city is known as an educational center and is the seat of Yale University, Albertus Magnus College, and Southern Connecticut State College. The city has printing and publishing industries. III. Language points 1. intelligence n. 1) information gathered esp. about an enemy country, or the group of people who gather it Example: It is reported that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had predicted the attack 15 days before it happened. 2) ability to learn and understand Example: Compared to monkeys, dogs have a fairly low intelligence. 2. in charge of responsible for Examples: An angry customer is complaining to the man in charge of the store. Who will be in charge of the department when Sophie leaves? 3. warrant n. (in law) a written order permitting legal action, such as an arrest, search, or seizure Examples: The judge issued a warrant for the arrest of the drug dealer. Without a warrant, no policeman has the right to arrest a suspect.
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4. on the edge of 1) on the outer or furthest point of Example: They built the church on the edge of the village. 2) very close to (a certain state) Example: It was reported that the oil company is on the edge of collapse. 5. lay out to arrange (a plan, garden, town, pattern etc.) Examples: We must lay out a thorough plan before we launch the campaign. The shopkeeper laid the goods out neatly on the racks. 6. raid n. a sudden visit by the police, in search of criminals or illegal goods Examples: Kilos of drugs were found during a raid by the police. Millions of dollars were stolen in a bank raid. v. to attack on a raid; to carry out a raid Example: The soldiers raided the enemy camp. 7. suspect n. person believed to have committed a crime Examples: Police have issued a photograph of the murder suspect. The suspect who committed the food poisoning is still at large. v. to think or believe (someone) to be guilty of a crime or to have done something wrong Example: The police suspect him of killing his multi-millionaire wife. 8. court n. a room or building in which law cases can be heard and judged Examples: Silence in court! Please describe to the court exactly what you saw. 9. split up 1) to divide (into separate groups or parts) Example: The book consists of eight chapters and each chapter is then split up into sections. 2) to end the relationship with Example: I hear Nancy has split up with her boyfriend. 10. designate v. to choose or name for a particular job or purpose Examples: The king has the right to designate his successor. Thompson has been designated as/to be coach of the team. 11. innocent a. not guilty; knowing nothing of evil or wrong; harmless Examples: In the Western legal system, an accused person is innocent till proven guilty. Thousands of innocent civilians were killed in the conflict. 12. execute v. 1) to do or perform (something), esp. in a planned way Example: The whole play was executed with great precision. 2) to kill (someone) as a legal punishment Example: The prisoner will be executed tomorrow. 13. give oneself up (to) to surrender (to) Examples: The gunman gave himself up to the police after three hours of resistance. The soldiers were wounded, hungry and thirsty, but they had no intension of giving themselves up. 14. venture v. to act with some risk of harm or money Examples: Nothing ventured, nothing gained. Our son has never ventured outside alone at night. 15. neighborhood n. a group of people and their homes forming a small area within a larger place such as a town Examples: She’s well-known for her charity work in the neighborhood. A decent house in this wealthy neighborhood can cost as much as a million.
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IV. Notes to the passage (omitted) Doing exercises on P148-150.

大学英语课——教案

V. Reading Skills Practice: Text Cohesive Devices

A cohesive text can be achieved by means of grammatical devices --- Tense and aspect, reference, substitution, time or place relater and parallel construction lexical devices --- hyponymy, synonymy, complimentarity, and metonymy and repetition logical connectors ---―and‖, ―but‖, ―in addition‖, ―that is to say‖, ―in the same way‖, etc. Do exercise14 on P150.
VI. Translating Skills Practice: Translation of ―it‖ ―It‖ 的译法

英语语言中―it‖的用法较多,当它在句子中作非人称主语、先行代词或构成强调句和某 些习语中惯用的一部分时,译为中文往往可以省略,不受原文的拘束。 Examples ? It was just growing dark, as she shut the garden gate. 她关上园门时,已是夜暮降临的时候了。 ? If it hadn’t been for you, I don’t know what I would have done. 要不是你,我真不知道会干出什么事来呢。 ? It so happened that they were away. 就这样巧,他们不在。 ? I take it (that) you didn’t love your mother. 我认为你并不爱你母亲。 ? It was someone called Mary Jordan that I was asking about. 我要打听的是一个叫玛丽· 乔丹的人。 ? Peter has always enjoyed claiming that it was he and not George, who was the first to reach the summit of the mountain. 彼得一直津津乐道的是,第一个到达山顶的实际上并不是乔治,而是自己。 ? Rumor has it (that) he is going to leave town. 谣传他打算离开本城。 ? If the teacher sees you doing that, you’ll catch it. 老师要是看见你那样做,会批评你的。 Do exercise15 on P151. VII. Write and produce General Writing: Paragraph Development by Cause and Effect Paragraph development by cause and effect is the basis of logical reasoning, a widely used device in both the general and applied writing. It is believed that every effect should have a cause either immediate or remote. So we need to acquire this skill to develop our writing ability. Doing exercises 16-17 on P152. Ex. 16 Read the given paragraph and identify the causes and effects that lead to the poor performance on tests. Many of my students have difficulty taking tests. For some, the test situation causes great stress and tension. The minds of these students ―go blank‖ when they receive the test paper. Others do not know how to study and, thus come to the test ill-prepared to answer the questions. Some
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students study correctly but do not follow directions on the test. They usually do not finish the exam. These are some of the factors that contribute to the poor performance of certain students on tests. Ex. 17 Write a paragraph on one of the following topics, using cause and effect to support the topic. 1. Take action now to protect our Earth before it is too late. 2. More and more people are overweight. Sample: We have been too careless in the pursuit of development at the cost of our environment. Forests have been cleared for farming and other purposes, which has enabled deserts to spread at an almost uncontrollable rate. Automobiles and factories keep sending poisonous substances into the air, which in turn will come back to threaten our health. Facing the worsening situation of our polluted rivers, we can’t help but wondering where we can find our drinking water in the future. We have only one Earth, and we can not afford to lose it. Practical Writing: Public Warning Message A public warning message can be issued either by an organization or by an individual. As the purpose of such a message is for the public to be alert to a danger, convincing facts or information are stated. Sample: Effects of Heroin Heroin is produced from opium and is perhaps the most dangerous of narcotic drugs that you can find on the streets today. Dangers and Effects: Because most heroin abusers inject the drug and often share needles, they take massive risk for HIV infection, an incurable disease which can kill. Blood pressure, pulse, breathing, and temperature all elevate. If users overdose on heroin, it reduces the number of messages the brain sends to the chest muscles. The breathing slows, and, if the dose is high enough, stops. Common Street Names: White girl, horse, black tar, brown sugar, smack, goods, H, junk. Legal Status: It is illegal to grow, process, sell or use heroin. Assignment: Ask students to use the given data below to write a public warning message on the effects of Ecstasy. Sample: Effects of Ecstasy Ecstasy (MDMA) is a synthetic drug that damages brain cells. On the street, Ecstasy is sometimes called ―the wonder drug‖, but researchers label it as a killer. Dangers and Effects: Brain damage is only one potential problem. Ecstasy has a long list of known and suspected negative effects on abusers. It pumps up the heart rate and blood pressure, so users may become hyperactive and end up with heart stroke. It can produce blurred vision, faintness, chills, sweating, and muscle tension due to such effects as panic, anxiety, depression, and paranoid thinking. Youngsters who take Ecstasy take an immense health risk.
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Common Street Names: Wonder drug, XTC. Legal Status: It is illegal to manufacture, sell or use this drug. Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn 中国外语网

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Teaching plan for Unit 8, Experiencing English, Integrated Book 3

Conflicts in the World
Teaching Objectives: 1) To memorize new words and expressions; 2) To learn to talk about conflicts in the world; 3) To get some knowledge about wars, conflicts and violence to arouse students’ awareness about conflicts in the world; 4) To practice reading skill—text coherence and translating skill—translation of ―as‖; 5) To practice paragraph development by classification; 6) To learn how to write an announcement on a peace march. Teaching Contents & Time Allotment periods 1-2 Teaching Contents 1. Listen and talk 2. Background information 3. Topics for discussion 4. New words and expressions in Passage A 5. Text analysis and discussion 1. More detailed interpretation in Passage A 2. Exercises 1. New words and expressions in Passage B 2. Brief discussion of the text 3. Exercises 4. Reading & translating skills and writing practice Listening and Speaking

3-4 5-6

7-8 Teaching Methods:

Under the guidance of student-centered principle, apply communicative and heuristic teaching methods, stimulate students’ interest in learning English and get students involved in class participation. Contents: I. Lead-in 1. Listen to the passage about conflicts in the world to fill the missing words in the blanks. 2. Talk about conflict issues with the help of some powerpoint pictures. II. Communicative tasks Task 1: Situation: Two students are talking about the suicide bombing by Palestinians and Israel’s retaliation they read about from the newspapers. Useful words and expressions: Both sides are cutting their own noses to spite their faces. It’s one thing to …, it’s another to… I can’t understand why…
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大学英语课——教案

If only they could work together rather than… suicide bombings innocent civilians come to terms with peace talk Task 2: Situation: Two friends are talking about air travel after the September 11 incident. Useful words and expressions: I have to admit… I’m kind of hesitant about… Their goal was to … What are the chances of … There’s a big difference between … and … terrorists shadow of fear hesitant security measures hijack Passage A Conflicts in the World I. Warm-up activities to arouse students’ interest in learning Passage A 1. Lead-in questions 1) What are the usual causes of conflicts in the world? 2) Who suffer from the wars and conflicts? And how? 3) What do you think may be the solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict? 2. Related Information 1) Bethlehem (West Bank) Bethlehem (Hebrew: ―house of bread‖) is a city in the West Bank, five and a half miles from Jerusalem. The town, controlled since 1967 by Israel though administered since 1995 by the Palestinian National Authority, is specified in the Bible as the birthplace of both King David and Jesus Christ, and is regarded by Christians as a holy place. In Bethlehem, there are three refugee camps: Dheisheh Refugee Camp (11000 inhabitants), Aida Refugee Camp (6000 inhabitants), and Beit Jebreen Refugee Camp (3000 inhabitants). 2) Austin (Texas) Austin is the capital of Texas and a noted educational center, with the main campus of the University of Texas located there. The city, with a population of 587,873 within the city proper and 1044050 in the metropolitan area (1999 estimates), also serves as a manufacturing, commercial, and recreational center. Beginning in the 1980s, the arrival of several computer technology corporations and research organizations helped diversity the economy. As a result, Austin has experience unprecedented growth.

3)Root of Palestine-Israel Conflict
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大学英语课——教案

The conflict between Palestine and Israel began around the turn of the 20th century. It is essentially a struggle over land. Until 1948, the area (approximately 10,000 square miles) that both groups claimed was known internationally as Palestine. But following the war of 1948-49, this land was divided into three parts: the state of Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. On the one hand, the Israelis seem to have a valid claim to having a state and to being safe and free from terrorism. Except for extremists in the Middle East, few try to make a case today for eliminating the state of Israel entirely and no one believes that a constant state of fear among the Israeli people is something morally acceptable. Yet, the Palestinians seem to have valid moral claims as well. They, too, would like to have their own state ― and how can anyone accept the right of Jews to have a state in Israel but also deny that Palestinians should be permitted the same? Palestinians would also like to live in peace without having to be in a constant state of fear ― not so much from terrorist bombers but from the Israeli military. II. Detailed Study of the text: 1. A brief introduction of the text. 2. Some questions for group discussion. Divide the whole class into four groups, each group dealing with one question. Then ask one representative of each group to answer the questions. 1) Why did the author feel confused and bewildered when she was free to go anywhere in Austin? —She had lived a confined life in Palestine too long to get used to her sudden freedom of movement. 2) The sight of the peaceful surroundings brought tears to the author’s eyes. Why? —It threw her into great sorrow to think that lots of people are still suffering in the war-ridden land of the Middle East. 3) What information does the author want to ―scream‖ to Americans? —Many of the weapon used against the Palestinian people were made in USA. 4) What warning did the author give repeatedly? —Another Vietnam War may break out and young Americans may be sent to shed their blood. 3. The structure of the text: Part 1 Para.1-2 ? Main idea: The author felt uneasy when he returned to America and was given much freedom. ? Difficult sentences: The ease with which I could get in a car and drive to any place left me bewildered and confused. (para. 1) 此句中―with which I could get in a car and drive to any place‖这个介词性定语从句是用来 修饰主语中心词―the ease‖,形成一个主语从句,句子的谓语部分是 ―left me bewildered and confused‖, 这个句型中 leave 为―使某人…..‖, 后面一般接宾语和相应的宾语补足语, 此处 bewildered 和 confused 是由过去分词转变而来的形容词。 Part 2 Para. 3-6 ? Main idea: For the author, to be accustomed to this state needs a lot of time since his memory of Palestine was so deep and overwhelming that he couldn’t forget very easily. ? Difficult sentences:
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1) Getting comfortable with my sudden freedom in Austin was going to take time. (para. 3) Paraphrase: It would take me some time to adjust to my sudden freedom in Austin. 2) But adjusting to my sudden freedom paled in comparison to overcoming my fears and my nightmares. (para. 5) Paraphrase: But becoming accustomed to greater freedom all at once seemed not as difficult as overcoming my fears and my nightmares. Part 3 Para.7-9 ? Main idea: The author would like to call for peace with the facts he had got, but it seemed that there was a long way to go. ? Difficult sentences: 1) I looked around me, and I wondered if anyone realized, or even knew, that the Apache helicopters being used by the Israeli military to shell innocent Palestinian civilians are actually made in this country! (para. 7) 环顾四周,我想知道是否已经有人意识到,或者是知道以色列军方用来轰炸巴勒斯坦无 辜平民的阿帕奇直升机就是这个国家制造的! 2) Yet here in this society, no one appears to care that heir tax money funds armies that bring death and destruction to civilians, civilians who are no different from civilians in this country. (para. 8) 但是,在这个社会里,似乎没有人在乎他们所缴纳的税金资助了杀戮平民的军队,而这些 被杀害的平民和美国的平民没有任何区别。 3) I couldn’t understand why young Americans, with their whole futures ahead of them, should go to die in a war they will not understand. (para. 9) 我不明白为什么美国的年轻人,有着光明前途的年轻人,要到一场自己都弄不明白的战争 中送死。 本句中 understand 后接 why 引导的宾语从句, 在这个从句中, with 结构的插入为句子的理 解增添了困难。同时,宾语从句的 war 后面还有一个修饰它的定语从句。 III. Language points New words 1. bare adj. without any clothes or not covered by anything 赤裸的,裸露的 Examples: Don’t walk around outside in your bare feet. The lawyer convinced the jury with the bare truth of the event. barely ad. be very little; hardly The poor old lady lives in a barely furnished room. 2. bewilder v. to confuse, esp. by the presence of many different things at the same time 使迷 惑 Examples: A new environment in the kindergarten would bewilder many children. Arriving in a strange city at night, I felt alone and bewildered. 3. confine v. to keep within some limits 限制,禁闭
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大学英语课——教案

Examples: He is confined to the house by illness. Could you confine yourself to the subject, please? 4. daze v. to make confused or unable to think clearly 使茫然,使发昏 Examples: The explosion dazed me for quite a while before I recovered. Everyone was dazed by the news of the sudden death of the president. 5. indifference n. the quality, state, or fact of being not interested in or noticing 不关心,冷漠 Examples: The indifference to the homeless may result in serious social problems. I can bear love or hate, but not indifference. 6. linger v. to take a long time to leave or disappear 徘徊,留恋,逡巡 Examples: It’s impossible to forget such horrific events ― they linger in the memory forever. After the play had finished, we lingered for a while hoping to catch sight of the actors. 7. spill v. to (cause to) flow, move, or spread over the edge of a container 使溢出,使溅出 Examples: I’m terribly sorry that I’ve spilt coffee on your carpet. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 8. terrify v. to fill with terror or fear 使恐吓 Examples: You know heights terrify him, and that’s why he always avoids them. Jeff is terrified of losing his job. Expressions 1. adjust to 调整,适应 Examples: Her eyes slowly adjusted to the darkness. A good teacher knows how to adjust his or her methods to suit the needs of the students. 2. come by to obtain, to get 获得 Examples: A basketball ticket is not so easy to come by. How did you come by this black coat? 3. under way in motion or operation 进行中 Examples: Economic recovery is already under way. The film festival gets under way on 11th July. 4. in comparison with/to 与…相比 Examples: In comparison with/to the French, the British eat far less fish. He is a good writer, but he pales in comparison with/to Hemingway. IV. Review 1. Summary of Passage A Muna Hamzeh is a writer who spent eleven years living in a Palestinian refugee camp in
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大学英语课——教案

Bethlehem. Now she is back in the United States and finding it difficult to adjust. She compares her life in the camp to what she enjoys now in Austin, Texas — the wide open spaces, contact with nature and, most importantly, freedom of movement. During her last two months at the camp there was frequent fighting, memories of which make her nervous every time she hears or sees helicopters and ambulances. She is also angry at the fact that a lot of the Israeli military equipment is actually made in the United States and paid for by US citizens through their taxes but that North Americans don’t seem to know about this, or to care. She worries that this indifference may result in another Vietnam War, with young people fighting a war and dying when they don’t even understand why. 2. Ask one representative of each group to state the main point of each part. V. Do exercises on pages 162-165. VI. Homework: Ask students to write a short paragraph (100-120 words) about the influence of war on people’s life. Passage B Yes to Peace—No to Violence I. Warm-up Questions: 1. Why did some people oppose Yitzhak Rabin’s efforts to bring about peace? To bring about peace, Yitzhak Rabin had to make some compromises with the PLO, but his peace policy enraged some radical Israelis. 2. How long is the road to peace between Israel and Palestine? Territorial disputes, religious differences, and the prolonged violence and repeated revenges on both sides have bred the seed of hatred, which makes peace seem still far in the distance. II. Summary of Passage B Yitzhak Rabin fought in the Israeli army for 27 years, rising to the rank of General. In 1992 he became Prime Minister. He was committed to the peace process and negotiated with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). He and Yasir Arafat agreed to work together for peace. Although this accord was generally thought to be a very good thing, there were some Jewish hardliners who did not agree with the idea of working together with the PLO. The passage is a transcription of Rabin’s last speech, made at a peace rally in Tel Aviv in November 1995. He states his conviction that peace is possible and acknowledges the role that Egypt Morocco and Jordan had played in the negotiations. He makes a plea for peace and asks the Israeli people to support the peace process. Ironically he was assassinated by a young Jewish hardliner moments after giving the speech. Related Information Continuing Unrest in the Middle East At the start of the 20th century, most of the Middle East was under European control. After World War I (1914-1918), Britain and France dominated the region. The tide began to turn when most Arab countries achieved independence from Britain or France in the 1930s and 1940s. The United Nations (UN) voted in 1947 to divide Palestine between the Jews and the Arabs, but Arab states rejected the plan. In 1948, when British troops left Palestine, the Jews declared the independence state of Israel. The Arab states unsuccessfully attacked Israel, followed by Israeli invasion to Arabic lands. Numerous wars and peace talks later, the Palestinian problem remains unsolved, and Arab-Israeli relations remain hostile.
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III. Language points 1. historic a. having importance in or influence on history 有历史意义的 Examples: More money is needed for the preservation of historic buildings and monuments. Abraham Lincoln delivered a historic speech in Gettysburg. 2. compromise n. a settlement of differences in which each side makes concessions 妥协,让 步 Examples: The government has said that there will be no compromise with terrorists. The Union refused any compromise and threatened another strike. 3. rally n. a large esp. political public meeting 大会,集会 Examples: 5,000 people attended the protest rally against racial discrimination. Rallies are being held across the country to celebrate the victory. 4. demonstrate v. to show; to make clear 表明 Examples: Research has demonstrated that babies can recognize their mother’s voice very soon after birth. The connection between smoking and lung cancer has been conclusively demonstrated. 5. oppose v. to disagree with 反对,反抗 Examples: The proposed new budget has been vigorously opposed by the local residents. Many teachers oppose religious education in schools. 6. condemn v. to criticize strongly, usually for moral reasons 谴责 Examples: The terrorist action has been condemned throughout the world. The oil spill at sea was condemned as an environmental crime. 7. genuine a. true; real; actual; sincere 真正的 Examples: How can these be genuine peace talks if the fighting is still continuing? His suitcase was made of genuine leather. 8. engage in to take part in 参加 Examples: In some countries women do not have the right to engage in politics. In his spare time, he engages in voluntary work at hospital. 9. take advantage of 1) to make use of You should learn to take advantage of the mistakes made by your rivals. 2) to make unfair use of I think she is taking advantage of his love. IV. Notes to the passage 1. This government, which I am privileged to head, together with my friend Shimon Peres, decided to give peace a chance—a peace that will solve most of Israeli’s problems. (Para.2) 我被授权所领导的这届政府,和我的朋友西蒙· 佩雷斯一道,决定要创造一次和平机会—
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一种能解决以色列大多数问题的和平。 2. In a democracy there can be differences, but the final decision will be taken in democratic elections, as the 1992 elections which gave us the mandate to do what we are doing, and to continue on this course. (Para. 6) 分歧可以存在于民主中,但是最终的决定应由民主选举做出,就像 1992 年的选举赋予了 我们权力去从事今天的事业,并继续推动这项事业的进程。 3. I want to say that I am proud of the fact that representatives of the countries with whom we are living in peace are present with us here, and will continue to be here, Egypt, Jordon, and Morocco, which opened the road to peace for us. (Para.7) 我想说,让我感到自豪的是,现在同我们和平相处的国家都派代表来到这里支持我们, 并将继续支持我们。埃及、约旦和摩洛哥已经为我们开辟了和平之路。 4. But, more than anything, in the more than three years of this Government ’s existence, the Israeli people has proven that it is possible to make peace, that peace opens the door to a better economy and society; that peace is not just a prayer. (Para. 8) 最重要的是,在本届政府三年多的任期里,以色列人民已经证明和平是能够实现的,和 平开启了经济繁荣和社会安定的大门,和平不只是一种祈求。 Do exercises on page 170-171. V. Reading Skills Practice: Text coherence. Coherence means a smooth flow of meaning through the sentences in a paragraph. A paragraph is coherent when its sentences are related to each other, both in logical meaning and in grammatical structures and choice of words. Usually, all the sentences in a paragraph share the same focus of attention. The cohesive devices we have learned in Unit 7 are also used to achieve text coherence. Do exercise14 on page 171. VI. Translating Skills Practice: Translation of ―as‖ As 这个词由于用法较多,词义本身也较活跃,属于一词多义、一词多类。有时 as 具有 明确、具体的含义,有时它只起语法作用,没有具体的意思,不必译出。另外,as 还能 与其它词构成词组、习语等,并常常带来理解上的困难,造成翻译上的错误,在学习中 要注意 as 在以下几种典型结构中的译法。 1. as 作介词,带出明喻结构,翻译为“像…一样” 。 2. as 作连词,引导同级比较状语从句,翻译为“正如…;既…又” 。 3. as 作连词,引导让步状语从句,译为“虽然,尽管” 。 4. as 作连词,常与 so 连用,表示比例关系,译为“正像,随着…” 。有时可不译。 5. 习语 as it is/was 译为“实际上” ,而 as it were 译为“可以说,可谓,在某种程度上” 。 Do exercise15 on page 173. VII. Write and produce General Writing: Paragraph Development by Classification Paragraph development by classification helps us sort out information about a subject into logically related categories according to some specifically shared quality. Through classification, the most prominent aspects of a subject come more sharply into focus and the dominant ideas
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大学英语课——教案

become easier for readers to understand. Doing exercises on P174. Exercise 17 1. Types of E-mail. As more and more people take advantages of e-mailing, three categories of e-mail have emerged. One category of e-mail is junk mail. When most people sign on to their computers, they are greeted with a flood of get-rich-quick schemes, invitations to commercial websites, and ads for a variety of unwanted products. E-mail users quickly become good at hitting the ―delete‖ button to get rid of this garbage. The second category that fills up most people’s electronic mailbox is forwarded mail, most of which also gets deleted without being read. The third and best category of e-mail is genuine personal e-mail from genuine personal friends. Getting such real, thoughtful e-mail can almost make up for the irritation of the other two categories. 2. University Courses-Basic Courses and Specialized Courses. 1). Four. They are vocational or technical schools, community colleges, undergraduate colleges and universities. 2). Both offer courses in technical or service-oriented fields. 3). An undergraduate college offers BA or BS programs while a university can offer programs for bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees. 4). At a technical school or a community college. 5). At a university. Practical Writing: Public Announcement A public announcement is issued by a state agency or an organization to make an act known publicly. The content of such an announcement concerns the public interests. Assignment: Ask students to write a letter of invitation to an international symposium on city garbage disposal, simulating the framework and structure of the sample letter as much as possible. Sample Dear Colleague / Sir / Madam, We invite you to attend an international symposium on city garbage disposal to be held in Chengdu, China, in May 2003. The Environment Institute of China and the Chengdu Municipal Government are pleased to be co-sponsors of this symposium. The disposal of city garbage is an issue of major concern for every city in the world. Thus, there is an increasing need to discuss, exchange and develop effective ways for garbage disposal without doing any harm to the environment. The aim of this symposium is to contribute significantly to the development of healthy environment in cities. We hope that you will find the topics of your interest and we are looking forward to seeing you in Chengdu. Sincerely yours, Reference website: www.CFLO.edu.cn

中国外语网

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